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Arts > Films > Filmmakers > 20th, 21st century > USA > Elia Kazan    1909-2003

 

 

 

Film producer Elia Kazan (L)

editing "Baby Doll" film.

 

Location: US

Date taken: May 1956

 

Photographer: Gordon Parks

Life Images

http://images.google.com/hosted/life/l?imgurl=664d9850d9b8219a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Elia Kazan        USA        1909-2003

 

immigrant child

of a Greek rug merchant

who became

one of the most honored

and influential directors

in Broadway

and Hollywood history

 

(...)

 

Mr. Kazan's

achievements

in theater and cinema

helped define

the American experience

for more than a generation.

 

For Broadway,

his legendary productions

included

''A Streetcar Named Desire''

and ''Death of a Salesman.''

 

His movie classics included

''On the Waterfront''

and ''East of Eden.''

 

To many critics,

he was the best director

of American actors

in stage and screen history,

discovering Marlon Brando,

James Dean

and Warren Beatty

and redefining the craft

of film acting.

 

In 1953

the critic Eric Bentley wrote

that ''the work of Elia Kazan

means more

to the American theater

than that of any current writer.''

 

Mr. Kazan was a founder

and longtime co-director

of the Actors Studio;

a founder

with Robert Whitehead

of the first repertory theater

at Lincoln Center;

 

a member of the fabled

Group Theater in the 1930's;

 

the favorite director

of a generation

of new American playwrights,

including the two

most important,

Tennessee Williams

and Arthur Miller;

and in his later years

a best-selling novelist.

 

(...)

 

Mr. Kazan

also received

an Oscar

for lifetime achievement

in 1999.

 

The lifetime

achievement award

was controversial

because in 1952

Mr. Kazan angered

many of his friends

and colleagues

when he acknowledged

before the House Un-American

Activities Committee

that he had been a member

of the Communist Party

from 1934 to 1936

and gave the committee

the names of eight

other party members.

 

He had previously

refused to do so,

and his naming of names

prompted many people

in the arts,

including those

who had never been

Communists,

to excoriate him

for decades.

 

Asked why

he had identified others,

he cited a

''specious reasoning

which has silenced

many liberals''

that ran like this:

 

''You may hate

the Communists,

but you must not attack

them or expose them,

because if you do

you are attacking

the right to hold

unpopular opinions.''

http://www.nytimes.com/2003/09/29/movies/elia-kazan-influential-director-is-dead-at-94.html

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/news/2003/sep/29/guardianobituaries.film

http://www.nytimes.com/2003/09/29/movies/elia-kazan-influential-director-is-dead-at-94.html

http://www.pbs.org/wnet/americanmasters/database/kazan_e.html

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/04/17/books/the-selected-letters-of-elia-kazan.html

 

http://video.nytimes.com/video/2011/01/10/movies/1248069532182/critics-picks-east-of-eden.html

 

https://www.npr.org/2010/11/11/
131250803/-elia-kazan-collection-a-must-have-for-film-fans

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2003/09/29/movies/elia-kazan-influential-director-is-dead-at-94.html

https://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=1449501 - September 9, 2003

https://www.theguardian.com/news/2003/sep/29/guardianobituaries.film

 

 

https://www.npr.org/2017/08/28/
546714298/celebrating-30-years-of-fresh-air-filmmaker-and-theater-legend-elia-kazan - 1998

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > History > 20th century > USA > Cold War

 

McCarthyism anti-Communist witch hunts

Joseph R. McCarthy (1908-1957)

 

 

 

 

 

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NYT > Anatomy of a Scene

 

 

 

 

 

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Related > The Guardian > In the director's chair

 

Jason Solomons interviews film-makers on video,

discussing their latest work, career to date and their visions

https://www.theguardian.com/film/series/inthedirectorschair