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Vocapedia > Economy > Jobs > Automation, Robotics, Robots, Artificial intelligence

 

 

 

A GMB representative

during a Black Friday protest in Swansea last month.

 

Photograph: Matthew Horwood/Getty Images

 

Workers’ rights?

Bosses don’t care – soon they’ll only need robots

 

Tech companies like Amazon make massive profits

yet seem to treat their staff appallingly.

 

As we click,

we should consider the dystopia to come

G

Mon 17 Dec 2018        06.00 GMT

Last modified on Mon 17 Dec 2018        08.21 GMT

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2018/dec/17/
workers-rights-bosses-tech-amazon-profits-staff

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Illustration: Nathalie Lees

 

Robo-carers might work,

but they threaten our most human principles

G

Mon 2 Jul 2018        06.00 BST

Last modified on Mon 2 Jul 2018        08.09 BST

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2018/jul/02/
robo-carers-human-principles-technology-care-crisis

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Technology has created more jobs than it has destroyed,

says 140 years of data

G

Tuesday 18 August 2015        07.00 BST

http://www.theguardian.com/business/2015/aug/17/
technology-created-more-jobs-than-destroyed-140-years-data-census

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Robots: more than just glowing eyes and ‘evil intent to destroy humanity’

 

Photograph: Imaginechina/Corbis

 

Life with robots:

'What people enjoy most is avoiding social interaction'

G

Tuesday 3 November 2015        10.59 GMT

Last modified on Tuesday 3 November 2015        11.01 GMT

https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2015/nov/03/
life-with-robots-silicon-valley-robotics-social-interaction

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

‘Harari predicts the rise of the useless class:

humans who can’t work

because there’s always a cheaper and better robot.’

 

Illustration by Matt Kenyon

 

 If robots are the future of work,

where do humans fit in?

G

Tuesday 24 May 2016        07.00 BST

Last modified on Tuesday 24 May 2016        10.05 BST

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2016/may/24/
robots-future-work-humans-jobs-leisure  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kristian Hammerstad

 

‘Rise of the Robots’ and ‘Shadow Work’

By BARBARA EHRENREICH        NYT        MAY 11, 2015

https://www.nytimes.com/2015/05/17/
books/review/rise-of-the-robots-and-shadow-work.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Paul Paetzel

 

 SundayReview | Contributing Op-Ed Writer

The Machines Are Coming    NYT        APRIL 18, 2015

https://www.nytimes.com/2015/04/19/
opinion/sunday/the-machines-are-coming.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Faster, Stronger and Cheaper        NYT        24 April 2015

 

 

 

 

Faster, Stronger and Cheaper | Robotica | The New York Times        24 April 2015

 

China faces rising labor costs

and a shortage of workers.

 

But a government project called

“replacing humans with robots”

is trying to change the face of the work force

in Guangdong Province.

 

Produced by: Jonah M. Kessel and Taige Jensen

Read the story here: http://nyti.ms/1Fkz7Nc

Watch more videos at: http://nytimes.com/video

 

YouTube

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ENy2VZi21YU

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In ‘second machine age’ of robots,

it’s time for humans to get creative

PBS        February 13, 2014        6:34 PM EST

http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/second-machine-age-will-require-more-human-creativity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mike Thompson

Detroit Free Press

Cagle

8.3.2005

http://www.freep.com/index/thompson.htm 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

humans        USA

http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/
second-machine-age-will-require-more-human-creativity/

 

 

 

 

worker        USA

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/08/19/
business/new-wave-of-adept-robots-is-changing-global-industry.html

 

 

 

 

work / job        UK

https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2017/may/08/
virtual-reality-religion-robots-sapiens-book

 

 

 

 

robotics        USA

http://www.npr.org/sections/alltechconsidered/2017/09/04/
547882005/scanning-the-future-radiologists-see-their-jobs-at-risk

 

http://www.npr.org/blogs/alltechconsidered/2014/03/17/
290888529/with-googles-robot-buying-binge-a-hat-tip-to-the-future

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

robot        UK

 

https://www.theguardian.com/technology/robots

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2018/dec/17/
workers-rights-bosses-tech-amazon-profits-staff

 

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2018/mar/17/
robots-robotic-jobs-humans-crummy-jobs-workplaces-machines

 

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2018/feb/07/
robots-jobs-salaried-work-society-unpaid-george-monbiot

 

 

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2017/sep/29/
robots-labour-tax-jobs

 

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2017/jul/16/
come-friendly-robots-and-take-our-dullest-jobs-automation#img-1

 

https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2017/mar/02/
robot-tax-job-elimination-livable-wage

 

 

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/books/2016/jun/15/
the-age-of-em-work-love-and-life-when-robots-rule-the-earth-robin-hanson-review

 

https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2016/jun/04/
man-v-machine-robots-artificial-intelligence-cook-write

 

https://www.theguardian.com/technology/video/2016/jun/06/
could-a-robot-do-your-job-video-explainer

 

http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2016/may/24/
robots-future-work-humans-jobs-leisure

 

http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2016/mar/19/
robot-based-economy-san-francisco

 

 

 

 

http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2015/nov/05/
robot-revolution-rise-machines-could-displace-third-of-uk-jobs

 

 

 

 

http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2014/oct/19/
robots-revolutionising-our-world

 

http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2014/may/06/
third-of-britons-fear-rise-of-robots-poll

 

http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2014/apr/27/
no-joke-robots-taking-over-replace-middle-classes-automatons

 

http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2014/feb/22/
robots-google-ray-kurzweil-terminator-singularity-artificial-intelligence

 

http://www.theguardian.com/science/video/2014/feb/13/
robotic-bricklayers-build-castle-video

 

http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2014/feb/09/
affordable-home-robots-james-dyson

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

robot        USA

 

https://www.npr.org/tags/128216998/robots

 

 

https://www.npr.org/2019/04/30/
717233058/even-in-the-robot-age-manufacturers-need-the-human-touch

 

https://www.npr.org/2019/04/07/
710825996/the-robots-are-here-at-george-mason-university-they-deliver-food-to-students

 

 

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2018/jul/02/
robo-carers-human-principles-technology-care-crisis

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/06/30/
business/tesla-factory-musk.html

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2018/03/20/
592857197/robots-are-trying-to-pick-strawberries-so-far-theyre-not-very-good-at-it

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/01/25/
579160550/don-t-think-a-robot-could-do-this-warehouse-workers-aren-t-worried-for-their-job

 

 

 

 

https://www.npr.org/2017/12/08/
569118310/tax-bill-favors-adding-robots-over-workers-critics-say

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/06/23/
opinion/amazon-whole-foods-groceries.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/06/17/
upshot/amazons-move-signals-end-of-line-for-many-cashiers.html

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/alltechconsidered/2017/06/19/
533506913/online-retail-boom-means-more-warehouse-workers-and-robots-to-accompany-them

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/alltechconsidered/2017/03/23/
520848983/hungry-call-your-neighborhood-delivery-robot

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/25/
technology/personaltech/how-to-make-americas-robots-great-again.html

 

 

 

 

http://www.gocomics.com/mattdavies/2016/12/07

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/06/08/
business/economy/threatened-by-machines-a-once-stupid-concern-gains-respect.html

 

 

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/05/20/
opinion/why-robots-will-always-need-us.html

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/alltechconsidered/2015/05/18/
407648886/attention-white-collar-workers-the-robots-are-coming-for-your-jobs

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/05/17/
books/review/rise-of-the-robots-and-shadow-work.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/04/25/
technology/robotica-cheaper-robots-fewer-workers.html

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ENy2VZi21YU  - 24 April 2015

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/04/19/
opinion/sunday/the-machines-are-coming.html

 

 

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/06/22/
opinion/sunday/steven-rattner-fear-not-the-coming-of-the-robots.html

 

http://www.npr.org/blogs/alltechconsidered/2014/03/17/
290888529/with-googles-robot-buying-binge-a-hat-tip-to-the-future

 

http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/second-machine-age-will-require-more-human-creativity/

 

 

 

 

http://www.npr.org/blogs/thetwo-way/2013/09/17/
223490915/car-factories-turn-robots-and-humans-into-co-workers

 

 

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/11/24/
science/scientists-see-advances-in-deep-learning-a-part-of-artificial-intelligence.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/08/19/
business/new-wave-of-adept-robots-is-changing-global-industry.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

industrial robots        USA

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/25/
technology/personaltech/how-to-make-americas-robots-great-again.html

 

 

 

 

delivery robot        USA

http://www.npr.org/sections/alltechconsidered/2017/03/23/
520848983/hungry-call-your-neighborhood-delivery-robot

 

 

 

 

robot-based workforce        UK

http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2016/mar/19/
robot-based-economy-san-francisco

 

 

 

 

robot caregivers        USA

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/07/20/
opinion/sunday/the-future-of-robot-caregivers.html

 

 

 

 

robo-carers        UK

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2018/jul/02/
robo-carers-human-principles-technology-care-crisis

 

 

 

 

robot doctors        UK

http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2014/jun/15/
robot-doctors-online-lawyers-automated-architects-future-professions-jobs-technology

 

 

 

 

We Robot conference        USA

http://robots.law.miami.edu/2014/

 

http://www.npr.org/blogs/alltechconsidered/2014/04/06/
299889188/keeping-robots-in-line-with-the-law

 

 

 

 

machines        UK

http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2015/nov/05/
robot-revolution-rise-machines-could-displace-third-of-uk-jobs

 

 

 

 

machines        USA

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/06/08/
business/economy/threatened-by-machines-a-once-stupid-concern-gains-respect.html

 

 

 

 

humanoid        USA

http://www.npr.org/sections/alltechconsidered/2015/05/14/
403498509/shes-almost-real-the-new-humanoid-on-customer-service-duty-in-tokyo

 

 

 

 

machines        USA

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/04/19/
opinion/sunday/the-machines-are-coming.html

 

 

 

 

automaton        UK

http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2014/apr/27/
no-joke-robots-taking-over-replace-middle-classes-automatons

 

 

 

 

automation        USA

https://www.npr.org/2017/12/08/
569118310/tax-bill-favors-adding-robots-over-workers-critics-say

http://www.npr.org/sections/alltechconsidered/2017/06/19/
533506913/online-retail-boom-means-more-warehouse-workers-and-robots-to-accompany-them

 

http://www.npr.org/2016/09/24/
495186758/as-our-jobs-are-automated-some-say-well-need-a-guaranteed-basic-income

 

 

 

 

automated        USA

http://www.npr.org/2016/09/24/
495186758/as-our-jobs-are-automated-some-say-well-need-a-guaranteed-basic-income

 

 

 

 

automated production lines        USA

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/06/30/
business/tesla-factory-musk.html

 

 

 

 

assembly machines        USA

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/06/30/
business/tesla-factory-musk.html

 

 

 

 

The last job on Earth:

imagining a fully automated world – video        UK

http://www.theguardian.com/sustainable-business/video/2016/feb/17/
last-job-on-earth-automation-robots-unemployment-animation-video

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

drone        USA

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/08/04/
nyregion/drones-outpacing-rules-as-popularity-soars-in-new-york.html

 

http://www.npr.org/blogs/thetwo-way/2014/04/02/
298326755/drones-will-not-be-hunted-in-colorado-town

 

http://www.npr.org/blogs/thetwo-way/2014/02/26/
283090909/robot-swarm-a-flock-of-drones-that-fly-autonomously

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

artificial intelligence        UK

https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2017/may/08/
virtual-reality-religion-robots-sapiens-book

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fear Not the Coming of the Robots

 

JUNE 21, 2014

The New York Times

SundayReview

Contributing Op-Ed Writer

 

JUST over 50 years ago, the cover of Life magazine breathlessly declared the “point of no return for everybody.” Above that stark warning, a smaller headline proclaimed, “Automation’s really here; jobs go scarce.”

As events unfolded, it was Life that was nearing the point of no return — the magazine suspended weekly publication in 1972. For the rest of America, jobs boomed; in the following decade, 21 million Americans were added to the employment rolls.

Throughout history, aspiring Cassandras have regularly proclaimed that new waves of technological innovation would render huge numbers of workers idle, leading to all manner of economic, social and political disruption.

As early as 1589, Queen Elizabeth I refused a patent on a knitting machine for fear it would put “my poor subjects” out of work.

In the 1930s, the great John Maynard Keynes predicted widespread job losses “due to our discovery of means of economising the use of labour outrunning the pace at which we can find new uses for labour.”

So far, of course, they’ve all been wrong. But that has not prevented a cascade of shrill new proclamations that — notwithstanding centuries of history — “this time is different”: The technology revolution will impair the livelihoods of millions of Americans.

Even The Economist has weighed in, with a special section declaring on its cover that robots are the “immigrants from the future.”

Let’s go back to first principles. Call it automation, call it robots, or call it technology; it all comes down to the concept of producing more with fewer workers. Far from being a scary prospect, that’s a good thing.

Becoming more efficient (what economists call “productivity”) has always been central to a growing economy. Without higher productivity, wages can’t go up and standards of living can’t improve.

That’s why, in the sweep of history, the human condition barely improved for centuries, until the early days of the industrial revolution, when transformational new technologies (the robots of their day) were introduced.

Consider the case of agriculture, after the arrival of tractors, combines and scientific farming methods. A century ago, about 30 percent of Americans labored on farms; today, the United States is the world’s biggest exporter of agricultural products, even though the sector employs just 2 percent of Americans.

The trick is not to protect old jobs, as the Luddites who endeavored to smash all machinery sought to do, but to create new ones. And since the invention of the wheel, that’s what has occurred.

When was the last time you talked to a telephone operator? And yet if rotary dial telephones hadn’t been invented, millions of Americans would currently be wastefully employed saying “Central” every time someone picked up a telephone receiver. More recently but similarly, the Internet has rendered human directory assistance nearly extinct.

Of course, I can’t prove that the impact of some new wave of technological innovation won’t ever upend thousands of years of history. But it hasn’t happened yet.

If technology were supplanting jobs, productivity — the measure of each worker’s output — would be rising sharply. However, that’s not happening. In fact, productivity growth in recent years has been sluggish (an even scarier concern). That has led to fears about the opposite problem, the possibility that technological advances won’t be robust enough to provide the productivity increases needed to sustain income growth.

I don’t buy that either. As recently as 30 years ago, few of us would have foreseen the information technology revolution, with the vast gains in efficiency that have flowed from it.

To be sure, technology has changed the nature of work — more specialized training is now required for many jobs — and consequently, it has contributed to the sharp rise in income inequality.

But technology is not the prime culprit behind our languid employment and income growth. That honor belongs to globalization, and particularly the ability of companies to substitute far less expensive and increasingly skilled labor in developing countries.

To address these very real challenges, we should be embracing technology, not fearing it. That means educating and training Americans to perform the more skilled jobs that cannot yet be performed by workers in developing countries. And let’s not forget that we are world leaders in industries like education, medicine, technology, entertainment and yes, even financial services.

Many of these sectors generate skilled jobs — nurses, who are in high demand, earn an average of $65,000 per year — and even substantial export dollars. Of course, not every worker can be retrained, and so we must help those who aren’t suitable for the new jobs through more robust social welfare programs.

We mustn’t become a nation of robot worriers. That will merely guarantee that our incomes and standards of living will continue to stagnate.

 

Steven Rattner is a contributing opinion writer

and an investment adviser.

A version of this op-ed appears in print on June 22, 2014,

on page SR4 of the New York edition with the headline:

Fear Not the Coming of the Robots.

Fear Not the Coming of the Robots,
NYT,
21.6.2014,
http://www.nytimes.com/2014/06/22/
opinion/sunday/steven-rattner-fear-not-the-coming-of-the-robots.html
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > Vocapedia

 

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economy, money, taxes,

housing market, shopping,

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