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Vocapedia > Economy > Jobs > Unions > Strikes

 

 

 

A demonstrator wearing a Thatcher mask during the miners strike

 

How Thatcherism ultimately triumphed — without Thatcher

Ts

Last updated at 5:05PM, April 8 2013

http://www.thetimes.co.uk/tto/news/politics/article3053869.ece

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Poker playing during a sit-in at Bredbury Steel works,

Manchester, April 1972.

 

12,000 strikers were involved in sit-ins

in dozens of factories across the city.

 

The men at Bredbury Steel,

photographed here by Don McPhee,

organised themselves in nine shifts of 60 men,

each on duty for eight hours.

 

Photograph: Don McPhee for the Guardian

 

Direct action!

Seventy years of strikes in pictures from the GNM Archive

G

Tuesday 3 March 2015        00.00 GMT

http://www.theguardian.com/gnm-archive/gallery/2015/mar/03/
direct-action-seventy-years-of-strikes-in-pictures-from-the-gnm-archive

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A meeting of U.A.W. Local 600 members

during the strike at Ford’s River Rouge plant in 1941.

 

Credit Bettmann Archive

 

Occupy Detroit: A Look at 90 Years of Auto Strikes

Walkouts and sit-ins

by the United Automobile Workers over the decades

helped secure contracts

that lifted members into the middle class.

NYT

Sept. 26, 2019

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/09/26/
automobiles/auto-strikes-history.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The sit-down strike of 1936-37

forced General Motors

to recognize the United Automobile Workers union.

 

These workers occupied G.M.’s Fisher Body plant

in Flint, Mich.

 

Credit United Press International

 

Occupy Detroit: A Look at 90 Years of Auto Strikes

Walkouts and sit-ins

by the United Automobile Workers over the decades

helped secure contracts

that lifted members into the middle class.

NYT

Sept. 26, 2019

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/09/26/
automobiles/auto-strikes-history.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

strike        UK

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/society/2012/jun/17/
workers-strike-lose-benefits

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

strike        FR / UK

 

https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2016/aug/07/
southern-railway-passengers-week-disruption-rmt-strike-union-five-day-walkout

http://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2016/may/18/
train-conductors-strike-travel-chaos-southern-rmt-union-walkout

http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2016/apr/26/
jeremy-hunt-nhs-junior-doctors-strike

 

http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2015/dec/09/
living-with-the-consequences-of-the-1972-national-building-workers-strike

http://www.theguardian.com/gnm-archive/gallery/2015/mar/03/
direct-action-seventy-years-of-strikes-in-pictures-from-the-gnm-archive

 

http://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2014/feb/05/
tube-strike-disruption-london-commuters

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/society/2011/nov/30/
strikes-public-sector-pensions-impact

http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/quiz/2011/nov/30/
quiz-strikes-in-literature

http://www.guardian.co.uk/politics/2010/dec/13/
bob-crow-strikes-rmt-union

 

http://www.theguardian.com/uk/2007/oct/10/
post.immigrationpolicy 

 

http://www.theguardian.com/uk/2006/mar/28/
schools.politics

 

https://www.liberation.fr/medias/1997/05/13/
arte-20h45-les-dockers-de-liverpool-de-ken-loach-documentaire-
sur-une-greve-ignoree-loach-simplement_205895

 

https://www.independent.co.uk/
arts-entertainment/thirty-years-that-shook-the-world-1313556.html
- 8 December 1996

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

United Automobile Workers    UAW        USA

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/09/26/
automobiles/auto-strikes-history.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

United Steel Workers union        USA

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/05/12/
business/economy/lynn-williams-89-led-steelworkers-union-is-dead.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

strike        USA

 

https://www.npr.org/2019/10/23/
772760183/it-s-time-to-get-something-back-union-workers-voices-are-getting-louder

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/09/26/
automobiles/auto-strikes-history.html

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/02/27/
589376887/west-virginia-teachers-ending-strike

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/05/27/
479750877/verizon-labor-unions-reach-tentative-deal-to-end-weeks-long-strike

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/08/01/
business/strike-for-day-seeks-to-raise-fast-food-pay.html

http://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2013/04/04/
176260454/nycs-fast-food-workers-strike-demand-living-wages

 

http://www.usatoday.com/money/autos/2007-09-24-
uaw-gm_N.htm

 

 

 

 

hunger strike        USA

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/05/01/
opinion/president-obama-and-the-hunger-strike-at-guantanamo.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/04/06/
opinion/hunger-strike-at-guantanamo-bay.html

 

 

 

 

wildcat strike        USA

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/01/17/nyregion/
vincent-sombrotto-leader-of-1970-postal-strike-dies-at-89.html

 

 

 

 

go on strike        UK

http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2012/jan/18/
row-pensions-profits-unilever

 

 

 

 

go on strike        USA

https://www.npr.org/2019/10/23/
772760183/it-s-time-to-get-something-back-union-workers-voices-are-getting-louder

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/12/08/
674741135/teachers-in-chicagos-charter-schools-go-on-strike-and-troubled-for-profit-colleg

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/04/13/
474052786/tens-of-thousands-of-verizon-workers-go-on-strike

 

 

 

 

be on strike        UK

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2011/nov/30/
comment 

 

 

 

 

30 November public sector strike        UK        2011

https://www.theguardian.com/society/
november-30-public-sector-strike 

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/society/2011/nov/30/
strikes-public-sector-pensions-impact

http://www.guardian.co.uk/society/2011/nov/30/
public-sector-strike-day-questions

http://www.guardian.co.uk/society/gallery/2011/nov/30/
public-sector-strike-pictures

https://www.theguardian.com/society/datablog/interactive/2011/nov/30/
public-sector-strikes-nov-30-action-map 

 

 

 

 

the miners' strike        1984

 

 

 

 

 fast-food workers’ movement        USA        2014

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/05/15/
business/fast-food-protests-spread-overseas.html

 

 

 

 

walk out        UK

https://www.theguardian.com/society/2011/nov/30/
strikes-public-sector-pensions-impact

 

 

 

 

walk out        USA

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/23/
us/west-virginia-teachers-strike.html

 

 

 

 

walk off their / the jobs / job        USA

https://www.npr.org/2019/10/23/
772760183/it-s-time-to-get-something-back-union-workers-voices-are-getting-louder

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/08/08/
opinion/fast-food-fight.html

 

 

 

 

Eric Joseph Schmertz        USA        1925-2010

 

as one of the nation’s

most relied-upon

labor peacemakers

he helped resolve

thousands of labor disputes,

getting both the Rockettes

and New York City cab drivers

to end strikes in the 1960s

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/12/22/nyregion/
22schmertz.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

stoppage / strike / industrial action / walk out / wild cat strike / wildcat walkout        UK

 

https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2016/aug/08/
are-you-striking-or-are-you-affected-by-the-southern-rail-industrial-action

 

http://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2015/mar/30/
windsor-castle-staff-to-hold-ballot-on-industrial-action

 

http://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2014/feb/05/
tube-strike-disruption-london-commuters

 

 

 

 

walk out        UK / USA

https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2009/oct/27/
winter-of-discontent

 

http://www.usatoday.com/money/autos/2007-10-10-
uaw-chrysler-talks_N.htm

 

 

 

 

walkout        USA

https://www.npr.org/2018/02/28/
589764641/w-va-teacher-walkouts-school-closures-continue-despite-governors-deal-with-union

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

take to the picket lines        USA

 

https://www.npr.org/2019/01/14/
685095810/under-rainy-skies-los-angeles-teachers-take-to-the-picket-lines

 

http://www.usatoday.com/money/autos/2007-10-10-
uaw-chrysler-talks_N.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

unofficial strike / industrial unrest        UK

http://www.theguardian.com/business/2007/oct/12/
postalservice1 

 

 

 

 

The miners' strike        1984-85

http://www.theguardian.com/politics/miners-strike-1984-85

 

 

 

 

be on strike        UK

https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2009/oct/27/
winter-of-discontent 

 

 

 

 

disruption

 

 

 

 

dispute

 

 

 

 

fight        USA

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/08/08/
opinion/fast-food-fight.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2008/12/13/us/
13smithfield.html

 

 

 

 

activist

 

 

 

 

political activist

 

 

 

 

strike

 

 

 

 

break strike

 

 

 

 

stage new 48-hour strike

 

 

 

 

picket

https://www.theguardian.com/fromthearchive/
story/0,12269,1309332,00.html  

 

 

 

 

scab

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strikebreaker

https://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=scab

 

 

 

 

showdown

 

 

 

 

winter of discontent / the 'Winter of Discontent'        UK

http://www.theguardian.com/uk/2005/mar/27/
obituaries.politics

 

 

 

 

dispute

 

 

 

 

dispute over pay

 

 

 

 

talks

 

 

 

 

falter

 

 

 

 

unemployment crusade / the Jarrow Marchers        UK        1936

http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2003/sep/18/
past.britishidentity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A Day’s Strike

Seeks to Raise Fast-Food Pay

 

July 31, 2013

The New York Times

By STEVEN GREENHOUSE

 

From New York to several Midwestern cities, thousands of fast-food workers have been holding one-day strikes during peak mealtimes, quickly drawing national attention to their demands for much higher wages.

What began in Manhattan eight months ago first spread to Chicago and Washington and this week has hit St. Louis, Kansas City, Detroit and Flint, Mich. On Wednesday alone, workers picketed McDonald’s, Taco Bell, Popeye’s and Long John Silver’s restaurants in those cities with an ambitious agenda: pay of $15 an hour, twice what many now earn.

These strikes, which are planned for Milwaukee on Thursday, carry the flavor of Occupy Wall Street protests and are far different from traditional unionization efforts that generally focus on a single workplace. The national campaign, underwritten with millions of dollars from the Service Employees International Union, aims to mobilize workers — all at once — in numerous cities at hundreds of restaurants from two dozen chains.

None of the nation’s 200,000-plus fast-food restaurants are unionized.

The strategists know they want to achieve a $15 wage, but they seem to be ad-libbing on ways to get there. Perhaps they will seek to unionize workers at dozens of restaurants, although some labor leaders scoff at that idea because the turnover rate among fast-food employees is about 75 percent a year. Or the strategists and strikers might press city councils to enact a special “living wage” for fast-food restaurants. Or perhaps by continually disrupting the fast-food marketplace from counter to counter across the country, they can get McDonald’s, KFC and others to raise wages to end the ruckus. The protests’ organizers acknowledge that yet another goal is to push Congress to raise the federal minimum wage and pressure state legislatures to raise the state minimums.

“These companies aren’t magically going to make our lives better,” said Terrance Wise, who earns $9.30 an hour after working for eight years at a Burger King in Kansas City, plus $7.40 an hour at his second job at Pizza Hut. “We can sit back and stay silent and continue to live in poverty or, on the other hand, we can step out and say something and let it be known that we need help.”

In explaining why her union is pouring dozens of organizers and significant sums into the effort, Mary Kay Henry, the S.E.I.U. president, said, “Our union’s members think that economic inequality is the No. 1 problem our nation needs to solve. We think it’s important to back low-wage workers who are willing to stand up and have the courage to strike to make the case that the economy is creating jobs that people can’t support their families on.”

The protests in Detroit on Wednesday had a particularly poignant backdrop, given that the city has declared bankruptcy. Dozens of workers, joined by members of various unions and community groups, picketed in front of McDonald’s and Taco Bell, shouting chants like, “Hey, hey, ho, ho, $7.40 has got to go” — the amount per hour many of them are paid.

“Fifteen dollars an hour would be great – we’d be able to pay our living costs,” said Christopher Drumgold, 32, a father of two who earns $7.40 an hour after a year working at a McDonald’s on Seven Mile Road in Detroit. “On what I’m earning right now you have to choose between paying your rent and eating the next day.”

Restaurant industry officials say the strikers’ demand for $15 an hour is ludicrous because it amounts to more than twice the federal minimum wage. (The median pay for fast-food workers nationwide is $9.05 an hour.) Industry officials say a $15 wage might drive many restaurants out of business and cause restaurant owners to hire fewer workers and replace some with automation — perhaps by using more computerized gadgets where customers punch in the orders themselves.

Scott DeFife, executive vice president of the National Restaurant Association, said the one-day walkouts were not really strikes, but rather public-relations-minded protests that have caused very few restaurants to close.

“It is an effort to demonize the entire industry in order to make some organizing and political points,” he said, adding that only a small percentage of restaurant jobs pay the minimum wage. He said most of those positions were held by workers younger than 25.

Organizers of the protests — called Fast Food Forward in New York and Fight for 15 in Chicago — say that it seems to be catching fire. Some fast-food workers in St. Louis, inspired by the strikes in New York and Chicago, held their own one-day walkout.

“Things are going phenomenally. Workers all over the country are taking action in an industry where there had literally been no action or traction a year ago,” said Jonathan Westin, executive director of New York Communities for Change, which played a crucial role organizing the first fast-food strike in New York last November.

Explaining the focus on fast-food workers, Mr. Westin added, “In a lot of low-income neighborhoods, probably the largest employer is the fast-food industry, and we’re not going to reduce the level of poverty in those neighborhoods unless we try to get that industry to provide jobs that pay a living wage.”

Late Wednesday morning, 100 people protested in front of a Taco Bell on Eight Mile Road in Detroit, with organizers saying that 11 of the restaurant’s employees were on strike.

One Taco Bell worker, Sharise Stitt, 27, joined the strike, saying the $8.09 she earns after five years there was insufficient to support her family.

She was evicted from her Detroit apartment and moved her family to her sister’s house in Taylor, Mich. That means a 45-minute commute each way and a gas bill of $50 every four days. After taxes, she has about $900 a month to feed and clothe her three children. They receive food stamps.

“Sometimes my phone will go out because that isn’t a priority,” she said. “Giving my kids a roof over their heads is.”

She would love a $15 minimum wage. “I wouldn’t have to worry about school supplies or things like that,” she added.

Nelson Lichtenstein, a labor historian at the University of California, Santa Barbara, said he doubted the fast-food strikes would result in unionization. While unions might be excited by the current burst of enthusiasm, he said unions had learned to be cautious, adding, “You pour in a lot of resources, saying, ‘Yes it does work,’ and a year later it disintegrates.”

Nonetheless, he said the periodic chaos the one-day walkouts cause could influence the industry to pay more and could nudge lawmakers to raise the minimum wage (which Republicans in Washington strongly oppose).

Dorian T. Warren, who teaches a course on labor organizing at Columbia University, noted that most of the urban workers taking part in the single-day strikes were black and Hispanic, demographic groups that often lean in favor of unions.

“I think a vast majority would vote for unionization,” he said. “Many are earning so little they have nothing to lose.”

“Will they get $15 an hour?” he added. “I don’t know. If they get to $10 or $12, that’d be huge.”

 

Jaclyn Trop contributed reporting.

A Day’s Strike Seeks to Raise Fast-Food Pay,
NYT,
31.7.2013,
http://www.nytimes.com/2013/08/01/
business/strike-for-day-seeks-to-raise-fast-food-pay.html

 

 

 

 

 

September 9, 1893

 

Soldiers kill three miners in Pontefract

 

From the Guardian archive

 

Saturday September 9, 1893

Guardian

 

The scene of the riots at Featherstone, near Pontefract, which extended until after midnight, was yesterday morning one of desertion and desolation. The town of Featherstone was almost all in mourning.

It was about nine o'clock on Thursday night when the South Staffordshire detachment first fired on the mobs which were besieging the colliery of Lord Masham and were charging the soldiers with stones. The first shot was only by one file of two men, and these did not take effect. Shortly before ten o'clock one section of the Staffordshires fired two volleys.

So far as could be ascertained seven of the mob were hit. James Gibbs, of Loscoe, was shot through the breast, and expired. James Perkins, knee shot away, died yesterday.

It was eleven o'clock on Thursday night before the Staffordshire were reinforced by detachments of Yorkshire Light Infantry and York and Lancaster Regiment, whose duty did not extend beyond that of keeping the crowd off the colliery premises.

Mr. Bernard Hartley, the magistrate who was pelted with stones whilst reading the Riot Act, was little the worse yesterday. Another death is now reported. The victim, one of the miners shot, named Tomlinson, was a Normanton man.

 

Throwing Away Sympathy

It is with a kind of despair that those who have hoped that this dispute might end with some concession on the part of the coal-owners now see a small reckless percentage of the colliers throwing away tactical advantages. Hitherto public sympathy has been remarkably evenly divided between the parties. The miners' refusal of arbitration has been resented by many; the abrupt and tactless demand of the coal-owners for a heavy [wage] reduction "in one piece" has been resented by about as many more.

But riots like this bring a mass of fresh public opinion to bear. The miners appear as wanton robbers and destroyers, the coal-owners as law-abiding men subjected to cruel injury.

For the sake of the miners and of trade unionism itself, we hope that every repetition of these blundering crimes will be repressed with more common sense than when soldiers were helplessly looking on for want of a magistrate to read the Riot Act.



· A sculpture was unveiled at Featherstone

in 1993 marking the centenary

of "the Featherstone massacre",

in which it says two miners died.

From the Guardian archive,
September 9, 1893,
Soldiers kill three miners in Pontefract,
G,
Republished 9.9.2006,
http://www.theguardian.com/news/1893/sep/09/
mainsection.fromthearchive 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > Vocapedia

 

jobs > unions

 

 

UK / USA > protests / demonstrations

 

 

UK / USA > riots

 

 

UK / USA > politics > occupy movements

 

 

industry, energy, commodities

 

 

economy, money, taxes,

housing market, shopping,

jobs, unemployment, unions, retirement,

debt, poverty, homelessness

 

 

glass ceiling

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > History > 20th century > UK

 

Margaret Thatcher    1925-2013