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Vocapedia > Health > Microbes > Viruses, bacteria > Fighting infectious / contagious diseases

 

 

 

 

Contagion Trailer Official (HD)

 

Watch the Contagion trailer

starring Matt Damon, Gwyneth Paltrow, Jude Law and more.

 

Academy Award® winner Steven Soderbergh ("Traffic")

directs the global thriller "Contagion."

 

YouTube > Clevver Movies        14 July 2011

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AGY95dx8wOs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

infection        USA

http://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2016/02/22/
467637849/pandemic-asks-is-a-disease-that-will-kill-tens-of-millions-coming

 

 

 

 

infection > deadly fungus        USA

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/04/29/us/
a-deadly-fungus-and-questions-at-a-hospital.html

 

 

 

 

infection > Amoebiasis / amoebic dysentery        USA

http://www.npr.org/sections/parallels/2017/09/16/
551227782/jacque-ooko-npr-s-nairobi-bureau-assistant-dies

 

 

 

 

infectious disease        USA

http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2017/09/16/
551057795/leprosy-is-not-quite-yet-a-disease-of-the-past

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/09/13/
550674476/san-diego-washing-streets-with-bleach-to-combat-hepatitis-a-outbreak

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/02/22/
opinion/coping-with-infectious-disease.html

 

 

 

 

infectious disease > hepatitis A        USA

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/09/13/
550674476/san-diego-washing-streets-with-bleach-to-combat-hepatitis-a-outbreak

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

infectious disease > malaria         USA

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/09/24/
science/gene-drive-mosquitoes.html

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2018/09/24/
650501045/mosquitoes-genetically-modified-to-crash-species-that-spreads-malaria

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2018/05/24/
613099137/how-a-cheap-magnet-might-help-detect-malaria

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

diphtheria        USA

 

a highly infectious respiratory disease

that colonizes a person's nose and throat,

creating a thick layer of dead cells

that can block the airway.

https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2017/12/08/
569462246/diphtheria-why-is-it-back-and-what-exactly-is-it

 

 

 

 

infectious disease > leprosy        USA

http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2017/09/16/
551057795/leprosy-is-not-quite-yet-a-disease-of-the-past

 

 

 

 

Traveler's Guide to Avoiding Infectious Diseases        USA

http://www.nytimes.com/health/guides/specialtopic/
travelers-guide-to-avoiding-infectious-diseases/overview.html

 

 

 

 

Hand, foot and mouth disease        UK

 

is a viral infection

that can affect young children.

 

It doesn't usually

pose a serious threat

to a child's health,

but it can be be

an unpleasant condition,

particularly if

it affects younger children.

http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/hand-foot-and-mouth-disease/
Pages/Introduction.aspx

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

case        USA

http://www.npr.org/blogs/health/2014/04/17/
303403242/polio-hits-equatorial-guinea-threatens-central-africa

 

 

 

 

outbreak        USA

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/09/13/
550674476/san-diego-washing-streets-with-bleach-to-combat-hepatitis-a-outbreak

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2016/12/20/
506303221/mumps-bump-cases-rise-in-iowa-illinois-and-arkansas

http://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2016/04/13/
474112727/cdc-confirms-zika-is-the-cause-of-severe-brain-defects-at-birth

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/08/12/world/africa/
at-heart-of-ebola-outbreak-a-village-frozen-by-fear-and-death.html

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/07/31/world/africa/
ebola-virus-outbreak-qa.html

http://www.npr.org/blogs/health/2014/04/17/
303403242/polio-hits-equatorial-guinea-threatens-central-africa

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/04/10/
opinion/ebola-virus-a-grim-african-reality.html

 

 

 

 

outbreak > Heptatitis A       USA

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/09/13/
550674476/san-diego-washing-streets-with-bleach-to-combat-hepatitis-a-outbreak

 

 

 

 

outbreak > out of control        USA

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/08/16/
opinion/a-painfully-slow-ebola-response.html

 

 

 

 

hit        USA

http://www.npr.org/blogs/health/2014/04/17/
303403242/polio-hits-equatorial-guinea-threatens-central-africa

 

 

 

 

contract        USA

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/05/06/
health/world-health-organization-polio-health-emergency.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/04/29/us/
a-deadly-fungus-and-questions-at-a-hospital.html

 

 

 

 

cough and sneeze > spread        USA

http://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2016/12/20/
506303221/mumps-bump-cases-rise-in-iowa-illinois-and-arkansas

 

 

 

 

virus > spread        USA

http://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2016/12/20/
506303221/mumps-bump-cases-rise-in-iowa-illinois-and-arkansas

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/01/31/us/
as-measles-spreads-in-us-so-does-anxiety.html

 

http://www.theguardian.com/global-development-professionals-network/2014/jul/14/
ebola-epidemic-guinea-sierra-leone-liberia-msf-world-health-organisation

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/07/09/
opinion/if-tuberculosis-spreads.html

http://www.npr.org/blogs/health/2014/04/17/
303403242/polio-hits-equatorial-guinea-threatens-central-africa

http://www.npr.org/blogs/health/2014/04/18/
304155213/why-mumps-and-measles-can-spread-
even-when-were-vaccinated

 

 

 

 

superbugs        USA

http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2017/09/02/
547892623/triple-threat-new-pneumonia-is-drug-resistant-deadly-and-contagious

http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2017/01/17/
510227493/a-superbug-that-resisted-26-antibiotics

 

 

 

 

pathogen        USA

http://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2016/02/22/
467637849/pandemic-asks-is-a-disease-that-will-kill-tens-of-millions-coming

 

 

 

 

pandemic        USA

http://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2017/06/15/
532925945/just-small-genetic-tweaks-to-chinese-bird-flu-virus-could-fuel-a-human-pandemic

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2016/05/23/
479199256/whos-stern-warning-the-world-is-not-prepared-to-cope-with-pandemics

http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2016/05/23/
479199256/whos-stern-warning-the-world-is-not-prepared-to-cope-with-pandemics

http://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2016/02/22/
467637849/pandemic-asks-is-a-disease-that-will-kill-tens-of-millions-coming

 

 

 

 

cope with pandemics        USA

http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2016/05/23/
479199256/whos-stern-warning-the-world-is-not-prepared-to-cope-with-pandemics

 

 

 

 

screen        USA

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/10/09/us/
newly-vigilant-us-is-to-screen-fliers-for-ebola.html

 

 

 

 

screening        USA

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/10/09/us/
us-to-begin-ebola-screenings-at-5-airports.htm

 

 

 

 

control        USA

http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2015/01/14/
377182067/control-eliminate-eradicate-a-disease-whats-the-difference

 

 

 

 

eliminate        USA

http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2015/01/14/
377182067/control-eliminate-eradicate-a-disease-whats-the-difference

 

 

 

 

eradicate        USA

http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2015/01/14/
377182067/control-eliminate-eradicate-a-disease-whats-the-difference

 

 

 

 

eradication        USA

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/05/06/
health/world-health-organization-polio-health-emergency.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

meningitis        UK

 

Meningitis can be caused

by bacteria or a virus.

http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Meningitis/Pages/Causes.aspx

 

 

 

 

meningitis outbreak        USA

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/10/14/
health/another-death-reported-in-meningitis-outbreak.html

 

 

 

 

epidemic        USA

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/03/18/
opinion/bill-gates-the-ebola-crisis-was-terrible-but-next-time-could-be-much-worse.html

 

 

 

 

cholera epidemic        USA

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/04/20/world/americas/
un-struggles-to-stem-haiti-cholera-epidemic.html

 

 

 

 

stem        USA

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/04/20/world/americas/
un-struggles-to-stem-haiti-cholera-epidemic.html

 

 

 

 

cholera        USA

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/04/24/
opinion/haiti-in-the-shadow-of-cholera.html

 

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2010/11/
haiti_ten_months_later.html

 

 

 

 

 get cholera        USA

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/04/24/
opinion/haiti-in-the-shadow-of-cholera.html

 

 

 

 

 eradicate cholera        USA

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/04/24/
opinion/haiti-in-the-shadow-of-cholera.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

rabbies        UK

 

Rabies is a very serious viral infection

that targets the brain and nervous system.

 

You can catch rabie

if you are bitten

by an infected animal

and haven't been vaccinated.

http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Rabies/Pages/Introduction.aspx

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

poor hygiene practices

 

 

 

 

hospital acquired infections

 

 

 

 

Legionnaire’s disease / Legionnaires' disease

 

The symptoms of Legionnaires’ disease

are initially mild,

but usually develop

into more serious problems

associated with pneumonia.

 

Symptoms can begin

any time from two to 19 days

after exposure to the initial infection.

 

However, six to seven days

is the most common time

between getting the infection

and the onset of symptoms

(known as the incubation period).

http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Legionnaires-disease/Pages/Symptoms.aspx

 

 

 

 

legionnaires' disease        UK

http://www.theguardian.com/uk/2007/mar/30/
health.healthandwellbeing

 

 

 

 

potentially lethal diarrhoeal infection        UK

http://www.theguardian.com/society/2005/aug/26/health.
medicineandhealth2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bacterium, Yersinia pestis > plague        USA

 

The modern-day plague is caused

by the same bacterium, Yersinia pestis,

that caused the Black Death in Europe.

 

It lives in fleas and rodents

all over the world

and is typically spread to humans

by the bite of an infected flea.

 

It is treatable with common antibiotics

— but without proper attention it can be deadly.

 

In some parts of the world,

including Madagascar,

the plague has become

a seasonal scourge.

 

After the rice harvest

at the end of summer,

rats don't have as much food

and their population drops.

 

Around August

fleas start looking for new hosts to bite,

and that means humans.

 

Madagascar can see

between 280 and 600 infections annually.

http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2017/10/04/
555338600/why-plague-season-is-a-big-worry-in-madagascar-this-year

 

 

 

 

plague        UK

http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/2012/jun/15/
plague-patient-critical-condition-oregon

 

https://www.theguardian.com/science/2007/mar/21/
medicineandhealth.uknews 

 

 

 

 

plague / black death        UK

http://www.theguardian.com/science/2014/mar/29/
black-death-not-spread-rat-fleas-london-plague

 

 

 

 

plague        USA

http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2017/10/12/
557358712/ask-the-disease-specialist-why-is-it-so-hard-to-beat-the-plague

http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2017/10/04/
555338600/why-plague-season-is-a-big-worry-in-madagascar-this-year

 

 

 

 

    an outbreak of the plague        USA

http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2017/10/12/
557358712/ask-the-disease-specialist-why-is-it-so-hard-to-beat-the-plague

 

 

 

 

beat the plague        USA

http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2017/10/12/
557358712/ask-the-disease-specialist-why-is-it-so-hard-to-beat-the-plague

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

deadly respiratory virus > Middle East Respiratory Syndrome        MERS

http://www.npr.org/blogs/health/2014/04/21/
305680650/sharp-rise-in-mers-cases-may-mean-the-virus-is-evolving

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bacterium > a type of Klebsiella pneumoniae > pneumonia        USA

http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2017/09/02/
547892623/triple-threat-new-pneumonia-is-drug-resistant-deadly-and-contagious

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SARS

 

Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)

is a highly contagious, serious

and potentially life-threatening

form of pneumonia.

 

SARS is caused

by the SARS coronavirus (SARS CoV).

 

There are a large number of coronaviruses

linked to infections in humans and animals.

 

There are two recognised

human coronaviruses

that cause mild respiratory infections,

such as the common cold.

 

This type of virus

can also include strains

that cause more severe illnesses,

such as SARS.

 

SARS originated

in the Guangdong province

of southern China in 2002.

 

The infection quickly spread

to other countries (a pandemic),

and resulted in more than 8,000 cases

and 774 deaths before the virus

was eventually brought under control.

http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/SARS/Pages/Introduction.aspx

 

 

 

 

severe acute respiratory syndrome        SARS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

germ        UK

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/dec/17/
antibacterial-soap-fda-review

 

 

 

 

germ        USA

http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2017/02/02/
512505625/hey-wait-don-t-eat-that-sneezing-chimp

 

 

 

 

germs, superbugs > antibiotics        USA

http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2017/01/17/
510227493/a-superbug-that-resisted-26-antibiotics

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/04/29/
health/missing-microbes-how-antibiotics-can-do-harm.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

contagious disease        USA

http://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2017/02/02/
512678115/cdc-seeks-controversial-new-quarantine-powers-to-stop-outbreaks

 

 

 

 

contagious disease        USA

polio, measles, rubella, mumps, hepatitis A,

diphtheria and pertussis, whooping cough

http://bits.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/11/27/
the-vaccination-effect-100-million-cases-of-contagious-disease-prevented/

 

 

 

 

contagious        USA

http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2017/09/02/
547892623/triple-threat-new-pneumonia-is-drug-resistant-deadly-and-contagious

 

 

 

 

become contagious        USA

http://www.npr.org/blogs/health/2014/04/07/
300232844/measles-at-a-rock-concert-goes-viral-in-a-bad-way

 

 

 

 

vaccination        USA

http://bits.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/11/27/
the-vaccination-effect-100-million-cases-of-contagious-disease-prevented/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

meningitis        USA

http://www.npr.org/blogs/health/2013/12/12/
250417012/why-meningitis-that-hit-princeton-is-hard-to-beat-with-vaccines

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

syphilis        USA

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/08/24/
health/syphilis-std-united-states.html

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2015/11/12/
455768422/more-babies-are-dying-because-of-congenital-syphilis

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Measles, Mumps, and Rubella    MMR        UK

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/society/2013/apr/25/
measles-mmr-the-essential-guide

http://www.guardian.co.uk/society/2013/apr/25/
mmr-scare-analysis

http://www.guardian.co.uk/society/2013/apr/25/
measles-cases-south-wales-outbreak-up

http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/life-and-physics/2013/apr/19/
mmr

http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/2013/apr/03/
mmr-jab-measles-cases-easter

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/society/2010/jan/28/
andrew-wakefield-mmr-vaccine

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/education/2009/feb/10/
measles-mmr-vaccine

 

http://www.theguardian.com/society/2005/may/13/
health.medicineandhealth

 

 

 

 

MMR        UK

http://www.guardian.co.uk/society/2013/apr/25/
measles-mmr-the-essential-guide

 

 

 

 

MMR        USA

https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2019/02/09/
692819105/defying-parents-a-teen-decides-to-get-vaccinated

 

 

 

 

MMR scare        UK

http://www.guardian.co.uk/society/2013/apr/25/
mmr-scare-analysis

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weil's disease        UK

 

bacterial infection

with a raft of different names:

mud fever, swamp fever,

haemorrhagic jaundice,

swineherd's disease,

sewerman's flu.

 

All are known

as Leptospirosis,

mild cases of which

affect millions of people

every year worldwide.

http://www.guardian.co.uk/lifeandstyle/2010/oct/26/
weils-disease-andy-holmes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

virus > mumps        UK

http://www.theguardian.com/society/2005/may/13/
health.medicineandhealth 

 

 

 

 

virus > mumps        USA

 

Mumps

is a highly infectious disease

http://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2016/12/20/
506303221/mumps-bump-cases-rise-in-iowa-illinois-and-arkansas

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2016/12/20/
506303221/mumps-bump-cases-rise-in-iowa-illinois-and-arkansas

 

http://www.npr.org/blogs/health/2014/04/18/
304155213/why-mumps-and-measles-can-spread-even-when-were-vaccinated

 

 

 

 

smallpox        USA

http://health.nytimes.com/health/guides/disease/smallpox/overview.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/11/26/world/
26fenner.html

 

 

 

 

eradicate smallpox        USA

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/11/26/world/
26fenner.html

 

 

 

 

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention        USA

www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2017/02/02/
512678115/cdc-seeks-controversial-new-quarantine-powers-to-stop-outbreaks

 

 

 

 

quarantine        USA

http://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2017/02/02/
512678115/cdc-seeks-controversial-new-quarantine-powers-to-stop-outbreaks

 

 

 

 

quarantine        USA

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/08/05/world/africa/
lax-quarantine-undercuts-ebola-fight-in-africa.html

 

http://www.usatoday.com/news/health/2007-05-29-
tb_N.htm

 

 

 

 

hand washing        USA

http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2017/05/10/
527047739/how-to-do-a-really-good-job-washing-your-hands

 

 

 

 

immunisation        UK

http://www.guardian.co.uk/education/2009/feb/10/
measles-mmr-vaccine

 

 

 

 

immunised

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA > vaccine        UK

http://www.theguardian.com/film/2016/apr/13/
robert-de-niro-vaxxed-vaccines-interview

 

 

 

 

vaccine        USA

https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2019/02/09/
692819105/defying-parents-a-teen-decides-to-get-vaccinated

https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2019/02/08/
692665531/measles-cases-mount-in-pacific-northwest-outbreak

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2017/06/10/
532110787/a-dad-takes-his-son-to-the-doctor-and-discovers-fear-of-vaccines

http://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2017/05/03/
526723028/autism-fears-fueling-minnesotas-measles-outbreak

http://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2017/05/03/
526595475/understanding-the-history-behind-communities-vaccine-fears

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/02/06/
opinion/how-to-handle-the-vaccine-skeptics.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/01/31/us/
vaccine-critics-turn-defensive-over-measles.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/07/03/
health/Vaccine-Costs-Soaring-Paying-Till-It-Hurts.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/03/28/
opinion/remembering-how-to-fight-measles.html

 

http://www.npr.org/blogs/health/2013/12/12/
250417012/why-meningitis-that-hit-princeton-is-hard-to-beat-with-vaccines

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/21/
opinion/21willrich.html

 

 

 

 

USA > vaccine sceptics        UK / USA

http://www.theguardian.com/film/2016/apr/13/
robert-de-niro-vaxxed-vaccines-interview

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/02/06/
opinion/how-to-handle-the-vaccine-skeptics.html

 

 

 

 

fear of vaccines        USA

http://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2017/06/10/
532110787/a-dad-takes-his-son-to-the-doctor-and-discovers-fear-of-vaccines

 

 

 

 

vaccine phobia        USA

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/04/21/
opinion/vaccine-phobia-in-california.html

 

 

 

 

USA > America’s anti-vaccine movement        USA

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/01/31/us/
vaccine-critics-turn-defensive-over-measles.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

vaccine costs        USA

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/07/03/
health/Vaccine-Costs-Soaring-Paying-Till-It-Hurts.html

 

 

 

 

MMR jab / vaccine        UK

http://www.guardian.co.uk/society/2013/apr/23/
measles-outbreak-new-cases-week

http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/life-and-physics/2013/apr/19/
mmr

http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/2013/apr/03/
mmr-jab-measles-cases-easter

 

 

 

 

vaccinate        USA

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/05/06/
health/world-health-organization-polio-health-emergency.html

 

 

 

 

mumps and measles > get / be vaccinated        USA

https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2019/02/09/
692819105/defying-parents-a-teen-decides-to-get-vaccinated

http://www.npr.org/blogs/health/2014/04/18/
304155213/why-mumps-and-measles-can-spread-even-when-were-vaccinated

 

 

 

 

jab        UK

http://www.guardian.co.uk/society/2012/aug/31/
whooping-cough-jabs-newborns-outbreak

 

http://www.theguardian.com/society/2006/oct/02/
health.politics

 

 

 

 

1926 > tetanus and diptheria        UK

http://www.guardian.co.uk/theguardian/2009/jan/27/
tetanus-diptheria-vaccines-discovery

 

 

 

 

wear off

 

 

 

 

vaccinated

 

 

 

 

vaccination rate

 

 

 

 

jab        UK

http://www.guardian.co.uk/education/2009/feb/10/
measles-mmr-vaccine

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

potentially fatal

 

 

 

 

be struck down by N

 

 

 

 

claim the life of N

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bovine spongiform encephalopathy    BSE        UK

https://www.theguardian.com/uk/bse 

 

http://www.theguardian.com/uk/2006/jun/23/
bse.davidbatty 

 

 

 

 

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease    CJD

 

 

 

 

variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease    vCJD

http://www.theguardian.com/uk/2006/jun/23/
bse.davidbatty 

http://www.theguardian.com/society/2006/dec/08/
health.bse
 

 

http://www.theguardian.com/society/2004/sep/09/
medicineandhealth.bse 

 

 

 

 

degenerative brain disease

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Haiti in the Shadow of Cholera

 

APRIL 23, 2014

The New York Times

The Opinion Pages

Editorial

By THE EDITORIAL BOARD
 

 

The problem of ending Haiti’s cholera epidemic does not stem from an absence of planning. There is a 10-year plan to eradicate cholera from Hispaniola, the island Haiti shares with the Dominican Republic, by 2022. Within the 10-year plan is a two-year plan to get the 10-year plan up and running. The United Nations has its own two-year plan to support that two-year plan. To tackle the crisis immediately, with treatment, vaccinations and other prevention efforts, there was a one-year plan for last year, and a new one for 2014.

In Port-au-Prince on Tuesday, Haitian government officials and international health agencies met to examine the progress of the cholera response. As they surely realized, the difficulty is never a lack of plans, but a lack of money. Last year’s plan called for spending $38 million, but raised only $10 million. The 2014 plan is for about $40 million. It has raised about $6 million. The government says it needs $448 million to carry out its two-year plan; it has raised less than half that.

The 10-year plan, an ambitious campaign to supply vaccinations and treatment and to build the clean water, sewage and health systems Haiti has never had, is expected to cost $2.2 billion. Needless to say, it is off to a bad start. And not surprisingly, other trends are moving in the wrong direction, as The Times reported last week.

The number of cholera treatment centers has plummeted, from 120 to barely 40, as aid organizations leave Haiti. The percentage of cholera patients who die in treatment centers is rising. The rainy season, which began this month, is expected to increase the caseload by tens of thousands as flooding spreads the disease in contaminated rivers and streams used for drinking and bathing.

More than 700,000 Haitians have been sickened since the outbreak began in 2010. More than 8,500 have died.

No one should get cholera, and no one who gets it should die. The cure is astoundingly simple: clean water and rehydrating salts, given intravenously if necessary, can swiftly bring a person back from the edge of death. The long-term solution, clean water and sewage systems, is straightforward. But the outpouring of good will and pledges of aid after the 2010 earthquake have dissipated, leaving little in the way of permanent improvements. Promises made are not the same as money delivered.

The United Nations is in an awkward spot in this crisis. It has been blamed for bringing cholera to Haiti in the first place, through its negligent soldiers who contaminated a river with their sewage. Because it has steadfastly refused to accept responsibility, it is a tarnished advocate, begging donors to send money that they have gotten tired of giving. But even if the conscience of the world no longer shocked by Haitian sickness and deaths, the Haitian people still need the world’s help. At current rates, officials expect 45,000 people to contract cholera this year. In what other country would such a vast and preventable tragedy be tolerated, with little more than wrung hands, empty promises and underfinanced plans?



A version of this editorial appears in print on April 24, 2014,

on page A30 of the New York edition with the headline:

Haiti in the Shadow of Cholera.

Haiti in the Shadow of Cholera,
NYT,
23.4.2014,
http://www.nytimes.com/2014/04/24/
opinion/haiti-in-the-shadow-of-cholera.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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