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Vocapedia > Health > Microbes > Viruses > Polio

 

 

 

 

Every Last Child        ImageNation AbuDhabi        28 October 2014

 

Director: Tom Roberts

EVERY LAST CHILD is the dramatic story

of five people caught up in the current polio crisis in Pakistan

 

It tells of their sorrow, sacrifice and fearless determination

in the face of mistrust, cynicism and violence.

 

YouTube

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nMJvHINvz7Y

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

poliovirus > poliomyelitis / polio        USA

 

Tens of thousands of Americans

— in the first half of the 20th century —

were stricken by poliomyelitis.

 

Polio, as it's known,

is a disease that attacks

the central nervous system

and often leaves its victims

partially or fully paralyzed.

 

The hallmarks of the Polio Era

were children on crutches

and in iron lungs,

shuttered swimming pools,

theaters warning moviegoers

to not sit too close to one another.

http://www.npr.org/blogs/npr-history-dept/2015/04/10/
398515228/defeating-the-disease-that-paralyzed-america

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/09/28/
obituaries/pam-henry-dead.html

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2018/05/26/
614020750/why-its-so-hard-to-wipe-out-polio-in-pakistan

 

 

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/10/20/
health/polio-eradication-videos.html

 

 

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2016/08/12/
health/polio-nigeria.html

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2016/08/06/
488665391/the-mis-education-and-remarkable-triumph-of-georgina-mamba

 

 

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2015/08/12/
health/a-milestone-in-africa-one-year-without-a-case-of-polio.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2015/11/24/
health/a-move-closer-to-total-disappearance-of-polio.html

 

https://lens.blogs.nytimes.com/2015/09/30/
photographing-the-frontlines-of-the-global-battle-against-polio/

 

http://www.npr.org/blogs/npr-history-dept/2015/04/10/
398515228/defeating-the-disease-that-paralyzed-america

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2015/02/12/
385759694/nigeria-is-on-the-verge-of-bidding-goodbye-to-polio

 

 

 

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2014/12/26/
371201551/how-to-make-an-unboring-documentary-about-polio

 

 

 

 

http://www.npr.org/blogs/health/2013/12/15/
251109427/they-shot-for-zero-but-couldnt-squash-polio-in-2013

 

 

 

 

http://www.theguardian.com/society/2014/aug/22/
polio-double-vaccine-study-who

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/05/06/
health/world-health-organization-polio-health-emergency.html

 

http://www.npr.org/blogs/health/2014/05/05/
309868063/the-comeback-of-polio-is-a-public-health-emergency

 

http://www.npr.org/blogs/health/2014/04/17/
303403242/polio-hits-equatorial-guinea-threatens-central-africa

 

 

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/04/21/us/
hilary-koprowski-developed-live-virus-polio-vaccine-dies-at-96.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/02/10/
arts/music/james-depreist-pioneering-conductor-dies-at-76.html

 

 

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/10/05/
books/05book.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/09/26/
education/26mccollum.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/02/03/
health/03polio.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

wild polio        USA

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2017/06/28/
534403083/mutant-strains-of-polio-vaccine-now-cause-more-paralysis-than-wild-polio

 

 

 

 

Polio

is an infectious disease

caused by any one

of the three types of polio virus.

 

What causes polio?

Polio is caused by a ‘picornavirus’.

 

This is one of a group of viruses

that live in the intestine.

 

These viruses can be found

in the stools of people with polio

for up to six weeks after the start of the illness.

 

Polio mainly affects people

who haven't been immunised.

 

Many parts of the world

don’t have a problem with polio

after immunisation programmes

which have wiped out the disease.

 

In the UK,

immunisation is automatically offered

to everyone as a baby.

 

Children then have booster doses

just before they start school,

and then again after they leave.

 

It is young children

who are the most at risk from polio,

but adults can also have the disease.

http://www.gosh.nhs.uk/medical-conditions/
search-for-medical-conditions/polio/polio-information/

 

 

 

 

polio / crippling disease

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/04/17/
474580802/new-polio-vaccine-rolled-out-in-massive-synchronized-worldwide-switch

 

 

 

 

people with polio

 

 

 

 

viral diseases > polio, hepatitis and mononucleosis        USA

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/09/26/
education/26mccollum.html

 

 

 

 

polio > virus > strain        USA

http://www.npr.org/blogs/health/2014/04/17/
303403242/polio-hits-equatorial-guinea-threatens-central-africa

 

 

 

 

virologist        USA

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/04/21/us/
hilary-koprowski-developed-live-virus-polio-vaccine-dies-at-96.html

 

 

 

 

Hilary Koprowski (born in Warsaw)        USA        1916-2013

 

Dr. Koprowski was one of the world’s

foremost biomedical researchers,

helping usher in a spate of innovations,

including a safer, less painful

and more effective rabies vaccine

that remains widely used.

 

But his most noteworthy innovation

— developing the first viable vaccine against polio

and testing it successfully on humans —

is far less well known.

 

It has long been eclipsed

in public memory by the triumphs of Salk,

whose injectable vaccine was introduced in 1955,

and Sabin, whose oral vaccine

was introduced in stages in the early 1960s.

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/04/21/us/
hilary-koprowski-developed-live-virus-polio-vaccine-dies-at-96.html

 

 

 

 

Jonas Salk's polio vaccine        USA

http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2015/04/12/
398806324/jonas-salks-polio-vaccine-makes-a-comeback

 

 

 

 

polio vaccine        USA

http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2017/06/28/
534403083/mutant-strains-of-polio-vaccine-now-cause-more-paralysis-than-wild-polio

 

 

 

 

mutant strains of the polio vaccine        USA

http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2017/06/28/
534403083/mutant-strains-of-polio-vaccine-now-cause-more-paralysis-than-wild-polio

 

 

 

 

eradicate / wipe out        USA

http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2015/06/26/
417113319/polio-is-active-in-only-3-countries-soon-it-could-be-down-to-2

 

 

 

 

polio-free        USA

http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2015/06/26/
417113319/polio-is-active-in-only-3-countries-soon-it-could-be-down-to-2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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