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Vocapedia > USA > Police, Law, Justice > Charges > Misdemeanor, murder...

 

 

 

 

Plant City Police charge David Coleman

with murder of 24-year-old mother of three

 

One man has now been charged with murder

after Plant City Police discovered

the body of a mother of three

in her apartment.

 

YouTube > ABC Action News         1st Oct. 2013

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F1cVn27z8yw

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mr. Durst is charged in the 2000 murder of Susan Berman,

a friend who prosecutors say he feared would incriminate him

in the 1982 disappearance of his wife.

 

Credit Pool photo by Jae C. Hong

 

As Durst Murder Case Goes Forward,

HBO’s Film Will Also Be on Trial

NYT

April 24, 2019

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/04/24/
arts/television/robert-durst-the-jinx.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

law enforcement officials

http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/19/us/
19balloon.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2009/09/16/
nyregion/16yale.html

 

 

 

 

sheriff’s office

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/10/16/us/
felony-charges-for-2-girls-in-suicide-of-bullied-12-year-old-rebecca-sedwick.html

 

 

 

 

sheriff

http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/19/us/
19balloon.html

 

 

 

 

sheriff > law > enforce

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/12/16/us/
sheriffs-refuse-to-enforce-laws-on-gun-control.html

 

 

 

 

detective

 

 

 

 

rogue detective > flawed investigative work

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/02/21/nyregion/
man-framed-by-new-york-detective-to-get-6-4-million-without-filing-suit.html

 

 

 

 

probable cause affidavit

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/10/16/us/
felony-charges-for-2-girls-in-suicide-of-bullied-12-year-old-rebecca-sedwick.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

an arrest warrant issued Wednesday

in connection with indictments

returned in Austin last month

charging conspiracy

and money laundering

http://www.nytimes.com/2005/10/21/politics/21delay.html

 

 

 

 

arrest

 

 

 

 

arrest

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/10/16/us/
felony-charges-for-2-girls-in-suicide-of-bullied-12-year-old-rebecca-sedwick.html

 

 

 

 

be arrested and charged with second-degree murder

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/09/26/nyregion/
26child.html

 

 

 

 

be arrested on charges of assault,

endangering the welfare of a child

and criminal possession of a weapon

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/09/26/nyregion/
26child.html

 

 

 

 

be accused

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/12/30/nyregion/
woman-is-held-in-death-of-man-pushed-onto-subway-tracks-in-queens.html

 

 

 

 

 

be accused of N

 

 

 

 

be punishable by N

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Harris County Sheriff's Deputy Lisa Martinez Congressman

holds Tom DeLay's computerized booking record

outside the Harris County jail in Houston

October 21, 2005.

 

REUTERS/Richard Carson

 

Lawmaker DeLay goes to court on finance charges

R        Fri Oct 21, 2005        12:17 PM ET

http://today.reuters.com/news/NewsArticle.aspx?type=topNews&storyID=
uri:2005-10-21T161727Z_01_ROB155989_
RTRUKOC_0_US-POLITICS-DELAY.xml&pageNumber=1&summit=

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

turn oneself in

at the Harris County sheriff's office in downtown Houston

 

 

 

 

surrender

 

 

 

 

be taken before a magistrate

 

 

 

 

inform him/her of his/her legal rights

and the nature of the charges against him/her

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

face

http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2006-09-19-
dragging-death_x.htm

 

 

 

 

waive bail

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/11/us/
11giffords.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

be posted bond

before being released

 

 

 

 

be released on $10,000 bond

http://www.nytimes.com/2005/10/21/
politics/21delay.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

confess

 

 

 

 

confession

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/09/14/us/
14confess.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bring charges against officials

for the crime of knowingly revealing the identity

of an undercover CIA operative

 

 

 

 

charge

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kYDyrLkPA5k

 

 

 

 

district attorney > charge N with reckless homicide

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/06/21/
533840813/former-milwaukee-officer-found-not-guilty-in-shooting-death-of-black-man

 

 

 

 

be indicted on the charge of murder in the death (...) of N /

be charged with murder

(by the Bexar County District Attorney)

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/06/23/us/texas-
nurse-children.html

 

 

 

 

indictment

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/06/23/us/texas-
nurse-children.html

 

 

 

 

Orange County prosecutors > charge N with murder

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/05/01/nyregion/
murder-charge-for-woman-who-said-her-fiance-drowned-
in-hudson-river-kayaking-accident.html

 

 

 

 

charge N with murder, arson and attempted assault

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/01/12/nyregion/
wei-chu-wu-charged-with-murder-after-deadly-fire.html

 

 

 

 

be charged with N

 

 

 

 

be charged

with torture, child abuse and false imprisonment

https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2018/01/18/
578923611/this-is-depraved-conduct-couple-charged-with-torture-after-kids-found-shackled

 

 

 

 

be charged with interstate domestic violence,

stalking and conspiracy to commit

interstate domestic violence and stalking

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/07/09/nyregion/
09batman.html

 

 

 

 

be charged with drunken driving

http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2007-11-23-
officer-dui_N.htm

 

 

 

 

file charges

https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2018/01/18/
578923611/this-is-depraved-conduct-couple-charged-with-torture-after-kids-found-shackled

 

 

 

 

seek murder charges

 

 

 

 

face murder charges

in the death of one homeless man

and aggravated battery charges

in the beating of two others

http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2006-01-15-
homeless-beating_x.htm

 

 

 

 

74 charges

http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2007-01-16-
baseline-killer_x.htm

 

 

 

 

conspiracy charge

 

 

 

 

conspire

 

 

 

 

deny conspiracy

http://www.usatoday.com/money/industries/energy/2006-04-24-
enron-mon_x.htm

 

 

 

 

deny the charges

 

 

 

 

charge sb

with money laundering and conspiracy

 

 

 

 

charge

suspected serial killer N

with three (...)  counts of murder

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/11/29/
503723064/suspected-s-c-serial-killer-charged-with-3-more-murders

 

 

 

 

be charged

as a conspirator in the criminal case

 

 

 

 

be charged

with kidnapping and assault

http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2006-09-19-
baby-kidnapped_x.htm

 

 

 

 

be charged

with second-degree assault

 

 

 

 

be charged

with sexual assault

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/12/31/
business/media/bill-cosby-charged-in-sexual-assault-case.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Michigan > felonies > be charged

with involuntary manslaughter

and misconduct in office over N

http://www.npr.org/2017/06/14/
532902398/michigan-health-chief-charged-with-involuntary-manslaughter-for-flint-water-cris

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

murder

http://www.wordiq.com/definition/Murder

 

 

 

 

be charged with first-degree murder

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/11/25/us/
chicago-officer-charged-in-death-of-black-teenager-official-says.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/11/04/nyregion/
upper-west-side-nanny-is-charged-with-murder.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/11/05/us/
life-sentence-for-possession-of-child-pornography-spurs-debate.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/10/26/us/
26hiccup.html

 

 

 

 

first-degree murder

requires a finding of premeditation and a grand jury review

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/04/12/us/
zimmerman-to-be-charged-in-trayvon-martin-shooting.html

 

 

 

 

be charged with first-degree murder,

sexual battery, kidnapping and burglary

http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2006-07-10-
lunsford-case_x.htm

 

 

 

 

12 counts each of torture,

12 counts each of false imprisonment,

seven counts each of abuse of a dependent adult,

and six counts each of child abuse or neglect.

https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2018/01/18/
578923611/this-is-depraved-conduct-couple-charged-with-torture-after-kids-found-shackled

 

 

 

 

be charged with committing a lewd act

against a child using force, fear or duress.

https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2018/01/18/
578923611/this-is-depraved-conduct-couple-charged-with-torture-after-kids-found-shackled

 

 

 

 

be charged

with first-degree murder,

first-degree assault, kidnapping,

forcible rape and two counts

of forcible sodomy in the death of N

 

 

 

 

be charged

with 14 counts of attempted first-degree murder,

14 counts of aggravated assault

and 16 counts of drive-by shooting

http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2006-08-12-
serial-killings_x.htm

 

 

 

 

be charged with first-degree murder

http://www.nytimes.com/aponline/2009/05/23/us/
AP-US-Drew-Peterson.html

 

 

 

 

be charged with five counts of first degree murder,

a count of attempted murder and kidnapping

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

second-degree murder >  ill will, hatred, spite or an evil intent

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/07/13/us/
zimmerman-trial.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/12/29/nyregion/
jean-s-harris-killer-of-scarsdale-diet-doctor-dies-at-89.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/04/12/us/
zimmerman-faces-second-degree-murder-charge-in-florida.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/04/12/us/
zimmerman-to-be-charged-in-trayvon-martin-shooting.html

http://video.nytimes.com/video/2012/04/11/us/
100000001484354/announcing-zimmerman-charges.html

http://video.nytimes.com/video/playlist/video/
1194812888716/index.html#100000001484200

 

 

 

 

2nd-degree murder charge

http://cityroom.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/01/10/
charges-in-times-square-killing/

 

 

 

 

second-degree murder > lesser charge > manslaughter

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/09/23/us/tulsa-
officer-charged-in-fatal-shooting-of-black-driver.html

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/09/22/
495079263/tulsa-police-officer-will-face-manslaughter-charge-in-unarmed-mans-death

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/07/13/us/
zimmerman-trial.html

 

 

 

 

involuntary manslaughter

https://www.npr.org/2018/08/20/
640359221/health-dept-director-in-flint-michigan-to-stand-trial-for-involuntary-manslaught

 

 

 

 

be charged

with two counts of second-degree murder

 

 

 

 

be charged

with third-degree rape involving a 16-year-old girl

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/05/07/
sports/football/07taylor.html

 

 

 

 

be charged

with first-degree forcible rape,

first-degree sexual offense

and first-degree kidnapping

http://www.usatoday.com/sports/college/lacrosse/2006-04-18-
duke-arrests_x.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

be charged

with threatening to carry out a shooting spree

http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2006-04-24-
school-threat_x.htm

 

 

 

 

be charged

with criminal securities fraud

http://news.findlaw.com/nytimes/docs/options/usrysjnsn72006cmp.html

 

 

 

 

criminal complaint

http://news.findlaw.com/nytimes/docs/iraq/usgreen63006cmp.html

 

 

 

 

police criminal complaint

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2015/12/30/
business/media/document-cosbycomplaint.html

 

 

 

 

be charged

with 14 felony counts of sexual abuse of children

http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2006-08-03-
wanted-professor_x.htm

 

 

 

 

crime

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/02/27/
517433835/headstones-vandalized-at-jewish-cemetery-in-philadelphia

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/05/08/
magazine/should-prostitution-be-a-crime.html

 

 

 

 

minor crime > traffic offense

http://www.npr.org/sections/ed/2017/03/09/
518996780/i-have-children-crying-in-the-classroom

 

 

 

 

be charged with felony sex crime

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2015/12/30/
461482697/bill-cosby-is-charged-with-aggravated-indecent-assault-
in-philadelphia-area-case

 

 

 

 

be charged with molesting a child

http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2006-08-03-
wanted-professor_x.htm

 

 

 

 

be charged with 10 counts of gross sexual imposition

http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2006-08-03-
wanted-professor_x.htm

 

 

 

 

be charged with lewd and lascivious acts involving a 10-year-old girl

http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2006-08-05-
teacher-accused_x.htm

 

 

 

 

be charged with two counts of first-degree sexual assault of a child

http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2006-09-08-
milwaukee-rape_x.htm

 

 

 

 

be charged with felonies including armed violence, home invasion and kidnapping

http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2006-09-08-
police-charges_x.htm

 

 

 

 

hoax > file felony charges against N

http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/19/us/
19balloon.html

 

 

 

 

dismiss the charge

 

 

 

 

face perjury charges

 

 

 

 

obstruction of justice

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/01/28/
opinion/impeachment-donald-trump.html

 

 

 

 

charges of perjury and obstruction of justice

 

 

 

 

charges including obstructing justice, perjury, bribery, and fraud

 

 

 

 

criminal child seduction and pornography charges

http://news.findlaw.com/nytimes/docs/chldprn/fladoyle32806cr.html

 

 

 

 

be charged with two felonies

— money laundering

in support of terrorism

and soliciting or providing support

for acts of terrorism —

and misdemeanor falsification

http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2006-08-12-
terror-michigan_x.htm

 

 

 

 

be charged with making a terrorist threat over the Internet

http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2006-10-20-
hoax_x.htm

 

 

 

 

be charged with felony accomplice rape of a minor

http://news.findlaw.com/nytimes/docs/polygamy/utjeffs40506crinf.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

be charged as an adult with murder

http://www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2014/08/18/
young-souls-dark-deeds

 

 

 

 

be charged in a Maryland juvenile court

with beating and stabbing his mother and younger brother to death

http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2006-04-24-
boycharged_x.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

be accused of minor offenses

— misdemeanors like trespassing

or driving with a suspended license

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/05/01/nyregion/
justice-denied-for-misdemeanor-cases-trials-are-elusive.html

 

 

 

 

misdemeanor charges

 

driving under the influence / DUI charges

http://www.usatoday.com/life/people/2006-08-02-
gibson-charged_x.htm

 

 

 

 

misdemeanor charges

 

be charged with driving under the influence of alcohol

http://www.usatoday.com/life/people/2006-08-02-
gibson-charged_x.htm

 

 

 

 

misdemeanor charges

 

be charged with having an open container of alcohol in one's car

- an infraction of the vehicle code

http://www.usatoday.com/life/people/2006-08-02-
gibson-charged_x.htm

 

 

 

 

Mel Gibson > CHARGES FILED BY L.A. COUNTY PROSECUTORS

 

Count 1:

Misdemeanor driving

under the influence of alcohol or drugs.

The count alleges

Gibson was under the influence of an alcoholic beverage.

 

Count 2:

Misdemeanor driving while having a 0.08%

or higher blood-alcohol level.

 

Count 3:

Possession of an open container of alcohol

while driving in a motor vehicle on a highway.

 

All allegations

are violations of the California Vehicle Code.

 

Count 3 is an infraction rather than a misdemeanor.

http://www.usatoday.com/life/people/2006-08-02-gibson-charged_x.htm

 

 

 

 

misdemeanor

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Misdemeanor 

 

 

 

 

misdemeanor charge

 

 

 

 

hoax > Class 3 misdemeanor charge

http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/18/us/
18balloon.html

 

 

 

 

plead guilty to misdemeanor assault charges

http://www.usatoday.com/life/people/2006-08-28-
foxy-brown_x.htm

 

 

 

 

be charged with hazing, a misdemeanor

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/07/05/nyregion/
homicide-charges-likely-in-baruch-college-fraternity-retreat-case.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

conspiracy to commit acts of terrorism,

commit aircraft piracy, destroy aircraft,

use weapons of mass destruction,

murder U.S. employees and destroy property

 

 

 

 

counts of aggravated criminal sexual abuse

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bond

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/07/14/us/
george-zimmerman-verdict-trayvon-martin.html

 

 

 

 

revoke

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/07/14/us/
george-zimmerman-verdict-trayvon-martin.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Upper West Side Nanny

Is Charged With Murder

in 2 Children’s Deaths

 

November 3, 2012

The New York Times

By MICHAEL SCHWIRTZ

 

A nanny accused of killing the two young children she was caring for on Oct. 25 in their Upper West Side apartment was charged on Saturday night with first-degree murder, the police said.

The nanny, Yoselyn Ortega, 50, was charged with fatally stabbing the children, Lucia Krim, 6, and her brother, Leo, 2, shortly before their mother, Marina Krim, returned from a swimming lesson with her other young daughter.

The police said they had delayed charging Ms. Ortega for more than a week because she was intubated and unable to speak as doctors treated wounds she received when she stabbed herself in the throat and slashed her wrists.

Ms. Ortega talked with New York City detectives on Saturday afternoon from her bed at NewYork-Presbyterian/Weill Cornell Medical Center, where she remains under police guard, Paul J. Browne, the chief police spokesman, said in a statement.

Mr. Browne gave no details about Ms. Ortega’s condition nor any indication of when she would leave the hospital.

He also declined to give information about a possible motive.

On the day of the killing, Ms. Krim returned home in the early evening with her 3-year-old daughter to find her two other children dead of knife wounds in the bathtub. As Ms. Krim walked into the bathroom, police said, Ms. Ortega plunged a kitchen knife into her own throat.

Ms. Ortega, who police said was a naturalized American citizen from the Dominican Republic, had been referred to the Krims by a family friend and had worked for them for about two years. Police said there was no record of her having committed a previous crime or any indication that there were tensions between her and the Krims.

But relatives and friends of Ms. Ortega have said that she seemed to have been unraveling lately and had sought help from a mental health professional. Her home, which she shared with several relatives including her teenage son, was crowded, and she had financial difficulties.

Upper West Side Nanny Is Charged With Murder in 2 Children’s Deaths,
NYT,
3.11.2012,
http://www.nytimes.com/2012/11/04/nyregion/
upper-west-side-nanny-is-charged-with-murder.html

 

 

 

 

 

Severe Charge,

With a Minimum Term of 25 Years

 

April 11, 2012

The New York Times

By JOHN SCHWARTZ

 

By choosing to charge George Zimmerman with second-degree murder in the killing of Trayvon Martin, Angela B. Corey, the special prosecutor appointed to the case in Florida, selected the toughest possible charge involving a killing short of first-degree murder, which requires a finding of premeditation and carries the death penalty as a possible punishment.

Under second-degree murder, the jury must find that a death was caused by a criminal act “demonstrating a depraved mind without regard for human life,” said Eric Abrahamsen, a criminal defense lawyer in Tallahassee, reading from the state’s standard jury instructions. The maximum sentence for second-degree murder is life in prison; the minimum penalty under these charges is 25 years.

Dan Markel, a law professor at Florida State University, said he was “very surprised” by the severity of the charges “in light of the evidence that seems to have been brought to the attention of the public so far.” Many legal experts had predicted that Mr. Zimmerman would be charged with manslaughter.

The charge of second-degree murder also means that Mr. Zimmerman will not be entitled to be released on bail before his trial. Instead, his lawyer will be able to ask for what Florida calls an Arthur hearing, which can take place weeks after the arrest, to determine whether he should be allowed to post bond.

Jeff Weiner, a former president of the National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers who practices in Miami, said an Arthur hearing “is not a mini-trial, but it’s a very good preview of the evidence that the state has at this point.”

Mr. Weiner suggested that the prosecutor might have “overcharged” to retain the option, should she feel a murder conviction is slipping away, of asking the judge to instruct the jury to consider lesser offenses, like manslaughter. It is also possible, he said, that she might be trying to coax Mr. Zimmerman to the negotiating table to plead guilty to such a lesser charge. But, he added, it is impossible to say whether it is overly tough, since evidence has not yet been produced.

The case will almost certainly include a pretrial hearing to determine whether the state’s Stand Your Ground law, which grants broad protections to people who claim to have killed in self-defense, applies; if the judge finds that Mr. Zimmerman acted appropriately, the case will end there. If the judge decides that the protections of the law do not apply, the case will go forward.

At trial, however, the question of self-defense can be brought up again and possibly will, said Robert Weisberg, a criminal law expert at Stanford Law School. That could lead to a fallback position for the jury — if allowed by the judge — of a lesser verdict of manslaughter should the jury decide that Mr. Zimmerman sincerely but unreasonably believed that he was appropriately using lethal force to defend himself, which is known as “imperfect self-defense.”

Either side in the case could request that the judge instruct the jury to consider that middle ground, and if the evidence supports such a finding the judge will in almost all cases comply, Professor Weisberg said. A confident prosecutor may not want to risk missing the toughest conviction, however, and a confident defense lawyer may not want to risk giving the jurors a lesser charge that they can choose instead of acquittal. And so, he said, the question may come down to, “Who’s feeling lucky?”

Severe Charge, With a Minimum Term of 25 Years,
NYT,
11.4.2012,
http://www.nytimes.com/2012/04/12/
us/zimmerman-faces-second-degree-murder-charge-in-florida.html

 

 

 

 

 

Owner Killed

After Dog Leashes Are Tangled

 

September 30, 2010

The New York Times

By COLIN MOYNIHAN

 

The dispute began early Thursday over two dogs, a miniature pinscher named Rocco and a Shih Tzu, Bugsy, one tied too closely to the other outside a bar in Prospect Heights, Brooklyn.

It was the type of minor skirmish common enough on the crowded sidewalks of New York. But as the owners of the dogs separated them, things quickly escalated.

By the time it was over, two employees of the bar, the Branded Saloon, on Vanderbilt Avenue, had been stabbed. One of them, Daniel Hultquist, who had been performing music at the bar, was slashed in the neck and treated at a nearby hospital. The other, Chai Eun Hillmann, an aspiring actor and a martial arts expert, was stabbed twice in the torso and killed.

The police have arrested Daniel Pagan, who had served time for manslaughter, and charged him with murder.

The evening began uneventfully. Anne Joseph, 24, who works at a nearby bar, said Mr. Hillmann, 41, worked as a bartender at the Branded, but was not working when he stopped by with Rocco to see friends and participate in a charity poker game in the basement. Mr. Hultquist was upstairs, she said, playing a guitar and singing songs that he performed under the stage name Francis Brady.

At some point, the dogs became uncomfortably entangled. Mr. Hillmann and Mr. Pagan’s wife both moved to unravel the leashes. Then an argument ensued, with Mr. Pagan confronting Mr. Hillmann and Mr. Hultquist coming to Mr. Hillmann’s aid, along with a chef at the Branded.

“Hillmann put his hand on Mrs. Pagan’s arm, indicating he could handle it,” Deputy Commissioner Paul Browne, the chief spokesman for the New York Police Department, said in a statement. “When Daniel Pagan saw Hillmann touch his wife, a fight between the two men erupted. Pagan produced a knife and stabbed Hillmann and another man.”

Mr. Hillmann and Mr. Hultquist staggered back into the Branded, witnesses said, where friends tried to give them first aid and called 911.

Mr. Pagan fled, Mr. Browne said, but police officers stopped a car that was going in reverse, along Bergen Street. They found Mr. Pagan behind the wheel, soaked in blood. On Thursday afternoon, he was charged with murder, attempted murder and criminal possession of a weapon.

Mr. Browne said Mr. Pagan was arrested on a murder charge in 1991 and eventually sentenced to 5 to 15 years in prison for manslaughter. He had been released from prison in June 2000, and was on parole until June 2006.

On Thursday, a woman who declined to give her name answered the door to Mr. Pagan’s apartment on Underhill Avenue. “This is too much,” she said. “He’s my husband. I love him, and he’s a good guy.”

Mr. Hillmann was born in Korea but grew up in the United States. He studied martial arts and in the mid-1990s was the sensei of Chai Karate in Ardsley, in Westchester County. In an interview in 1996 in The New York Times, he described martial arts as a means of self defense, saying of its practitioners: “They won’t be victims,” and adding, “They can choose whether to continue confrontation or get out of it and flee.”

Outside the Branded on Thursday afternoon, friends of Mr. Hillmann embraced. They set a bouquet of flowers on the ground near the iron fence along with a tall red candle.

“He was one of the most genuine good-hearted people,” Ms. Joseph said. “He had a great smile, a great laugh, a really stand-up caring, good guy.”

She said Mr. Hillmann’s friends were now caring for Rocco.

    Owner Killed After Dog Leashes Are Tangled, NYT, 30.9.2010,
    http://www.nytimes.com/2010/10/01/nyregion/01leash.html

 

 

 

 

 

Man, 25, Is Arrested

in Killing at Party Near Seton Hall

 

September 27, 2010

The New York Times

By CATE DOTY

and NATE SCHWEBER

 

The authorities arrested and charged a suspect on Monday night in the weekend shooting near Seton Hall University that left one student dead and four other people injured.

The suspect, Nicholas Welch, 25, was detained Monday evening at his home in East Orange, N.J., a few doors from the house where the shooting occurred early Saturday morning.

The police are still looking for another suspect, Marcus Bascus, 19, who they said gave Mr. Welch the gun he used in the shooting.

Both Mr. Welch and Mr. Bascus have at least one previous arrest on drug charges, the police said. They face charges of murder and conspiracy to commit murder.

The police said Mr. Welch had no ties to any of the victims.

The gunman had been at large since the shooting, which took place in a neighborhood so dangerous that guests are often checked for weapons before entering parties.

According to witnesses, the man tried to enter a party that was being held at a two-story house on South Clinton Street about a mile from Seton Hall’s campus. The street borders the Vailsburg neighborhood of Newark, which is troubled by gangs and has been the scene of one other recent shooting.

Witnesses said bouncers turned away the man, who they believed would disrupt the party. But he returned later, around 12:20 a.m, entered the party and opened fire. Jessica Townsend, a friend of one of the victims, said she saw the man enter with his arm outstretched, holding a gun. He shot five partygoers, at least one in the head. The gunman then fled.

The police said Mr. Welch could not go far from the scene of the shooting because the area was locked down by the police, so he simply went back to his house, at 531 South Clinton Street.

Jessica A. Moore, 19, a sophomore honors student from Virginia who had tried to help another victim, was shot and died later that day. The two other female victims, both undergraduates at Seton Hall, were shot in the neck and face. The two male victims were not connected to the university. All were taken to University Hospital in Newark.

    Man, 25, Is Arrested in Killing at Party Near Seton Hall, NYT, 27.9.2010,
    http://www.nytimes.com/2010/09/28/nyregion/28seton.html

 

 

 

 

 

Man Is Arrested

in Death of Brooklyn Boy, 2

 

September 25, 2010

The New York Times

By AL BAKER

and ANN FARMER

 

A 2-year-old Brooklyn boy died on Friday night after his bruised, listless body was discovered in his mother’s apartment, and the death was later ruled a homicide, the authorities said.

Reginald Williams, 31, a companion of the boy’s mother, was arrested Saturday night and charged with second-degree murder. The mother, Teresa Foster, 27, was also arrested, on charges of assault, endangering the welfare of a child and criminal possession of a weapon. Her charges stemmed from an assault with a belt earlier in the month, the police said.

Police officers found the boy, Aiyden Davis, when they went to the apartment, on Kingston Avenue in Bedford-Stuyvesant, after a man in the apartment called 911 and said the boy was “breathing but unresponsive,” a law enforcement official said.

The boy was unconscious when paramedics arrived, an official said, and he was pronounced dead at Interfaith Medical Center.

After an autopsy on Saturday, Ellen S. Borakove, a spokeswoman for the medical examiner’s office, said the cause of death was “blunt impact injuries of the head, torso and extremities with liver laceration and internal bleeding.”

A spokesman for the Administration for Children’s Services said the agency was looking into the matter, adding that the boy’s family did not appear to have had previous contact with the agency.

The death occurred days after officials at the child welfare agency acknowledged serious lapses in the case of a bruised and emaciated 4-year-old girl who was found dead in her mother’s apartment in Bedford-Stuyvesant on Sept. 2.

In the case of Aiyden, some neighbors said they had recently heard yelling and crying coming from his home.

Pamela Davis, 44, an aunt of Ms. Foster, wept on Saturday as she recalled last seeing the boy on Sept. 17. Ms. Davis said her niece did weekend security work at a union office in Upper Manhattan and would normally stay with her son at Ms. Davis’s apartment in Harlem from Friday to Sunday.

But on Friday, Ms. Foster called to say that her new boyfriend would watch Aiyden while she was at work, Ms. Davis said. At 4 p.m., Ms. Davis said she called Aiyden because he had not called her, as he normally did.

“Reggie says, ‘Oh, he’s all right,’ ” Ms. Davis said. “ ‘He’s sleeping.’ ”

When she later called the home, Ms. Davis said, Mr. Williams told her: “ ‘I’m sorry, P. I love you. I’m so sorry.’ ”


Sarah Wheaton contributed reporting.

Man Is Arrested in Death of Brooklyn Boy, 2,
NYT,
25.9.2010,
http://www.nytimes.com/2010/09/26/nyregion/26child.html

 

 

 

 

 

Confessing to Crime, but Innocent

 

September 13, 2010

The New York Times

By JOHN SCHWARTZ

 

KANSAS CITY, Mo. — Eddie Lowery lost 10 years of his life for a crime he did not commit. There was no physical evidence at his trial for rape, but one overwhelming factor put him away: he confessed.

At trial, the jury heard details that prosecutors insisted only the rapist could have known, including the fact that the rapist hit the 75-year-old victim in the head with the handle of a silver table knife he found in the house. DNA evidence would later show that another man committed the crime. But that vindication would come only years after Mr. Lowery had served his sentence and was paroled in 1991.

“I beat myself up a lot” about having confessed, Mr. Lowery said in a recent interview. “I thought I was the only dummy who did that.”

But more than 40 others have given confessions since 1976 that DNA evidence later showed were false, according to records compiled by Brandon L. Garrett, a professor at the University of Virginia School of Law. Experts have long known that some kinds of people — including the mentally impaired, the mentally ill, the young and the easily led — are the likeliest to be induced to confess. There are also people like Mr. Lowery, who says he was just pressed beyond endurance by persistent interrogators.

New research shows how people who were apparently uninvolved in a crime could provide such a detailed account of what occurred, allowing prosecutors to claim that only the defendant could have committed the crime.

An article by Professor Garrett draws on trial transcripts, recorded confessions and other background materials to show how incriminating facts got into those confessions — by police introducing important facts about the case, whether intentionally or unintentionally, during the interrogation.

To defense lawyers, the new research is eye opening. “In the past, if somebody confessed, that was the end,” said Peter J. Neufeld, a founder of the Innocence Project, an organization based in Manhattan. “You couldn’t imagine going forward.”

The notion that such detailed confessions might be deemed voluntary because the defendants were not beaten or coerced suggests that courts should not simply look at whether confessions are voluntary, Mr. Neufeld said. “They should look at whether they are reliable.”

Professor Garrett said he was surprised by the complexity of the confessions he studied. “I expected, and think people intuitively think, that a false confession would look flimsy,” like someone saying simply, “I did it,” he said.

Instead, he said, “almost all of these confessions looked uncannily reliable,” rich in telling detail that almost inevitably had to come from the police. “I had known that in a couple of these cases, contamination could have occurred,” he said, using a term in police circles for introducing facts into the interrogation process. “I didn’t expect to see that almost all of them had been contaminated.”

Of the exonerated defendants in the Garrett study, 26 — more than half — were “mentally disabled,” under 18 at the time or both. Most were subjected to lengthy, high-pressure interrogations, and none had a lawyer present. Thirteen of them were taken to the crime scene.

Mr. Lowery’s case shows how contamination occurs. He had come under suspicion, he now believes, because he had been partying and ran his car into a parked car the night of the rape, generating a police report. Officers grilled him for more than seven hours, insisting from the start that he had committed the crime.

Mr. Lowery took a lie detector test to prove he was innocent, but the officers told him that he had failed it.

“I didn’t know any way out of that, except to tell them what they wanted to hear,” he recalled. “And then get a lawyer to prove my innocence.”

Proving innocence after a confession, however, is rare. Eight of the defendants in Professor Garrett’s study had actually been cleared by DNA evidence before trial, but the courts convicted them anyway.

In one such case involving Jeffrey Deskovic, who spent 16 years in prison for a murder in Poughkeepsie, prosecutors argued that the victim may have been sexually active and so the DNA evidence may have come from another liaison she had. The prosecutors asked the jury to focus on Mr. Deskovic’s highly detailed confession and convict him.

While Professor Garrett suggests that leaking facts during interrogations is sometimes unintentional, Mr. Lowery said that the contamination of his questioning was clearly intentional.

After his initial confession, he said, the interrogators went over the crime with him in detail — asking how he did it, but correcting him when he got the facts wrong. How did he get in? “I said, ‘I kicked in the front door.’ ” But the rapist had used the back door, so he admitted to having gone around to the back. “They fed me the answers,” he recalled.

Some defendants’ confessions even include mistakes fed by the police. Earl Washington Jr., a mentally impaired man who spent 18 years in prison and came within hours of being executed for a murder he did not commit, stated in his confession that the victim had worn a halter top. In fact, she had worn a sundress, but an initial police report had stated that she wore a halter top.

Steven A. Drizin, the director of the Center on Wrongful Convictions at the Northwestern University School of Law, said the significance of contamination could not be understated. While errors might lead to wrongful arrest, “it’s contamination that is the primary factor in wrongful convictions,” he said. “Juries demand details from the suspect that make the confession appear to be reliable — that’s where these cases go south.”

Jim Trainum, a former policeman who now advises police departments on training officers to avoid false confessions, explained that few of them intend to contaminate an interrogation or convict the innocent.

“You become so fixated on ‘This is the right person, this is the guilty person’ that you tend to ignore everything else,” he said. The problem with false confessions, he said, is “the wrong person is still out there, and he’s able to reoffend.”

Mr. Trainum has become an advocate of videotaping entire interrogations. Requirements for recording confessions vary widely across the country. Ten states require videotaping of at least some interrogations, like those in crimes that carry the death penalty, and seven state supreme courts have required or strongly encouraged recording.

These days Mr. Lowery, 51, lives in suburban Kansas City, in a house he is renovating with some of the $7.5 million in settlement money he received, along with apologies from officials in Riley County, Kan., where he was arrested and interrogated.

He has trouble putting the past behind him. “I was embarrassed,” he said. “You run in to so many people who say, ‘I would never confess to a crime.’ ”

He does not argue with them, because he knows they did not experience what he went through. “You’ve never been in a situation so intense, and you’re naďve about your rights,” he said. “You don’t know what you’ll say to get out of that situation.”

Confessing to Crime, but Innocent,
NYT,
13.9.2010,
http://www.nytimes.com/2010/09/14/us/14confess.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > Vocapedia

 

violence, abuse, prostitution,

sexual violence, rape,

kidnapping, crime, police,

arrest, investigation, custody > USA

 

 

U.S. Constitution,

U.S. Supreme Court, State Supreme Courts

 

 

justice, law > USA

 

 

justice, law > death penalty > USA

 

 

prison, jail > USA

 

 

justice > courtroom artists / miscarriage of justice > UK / USA

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > Documents

 

Historical documents > USA