USA > Law, Justice
U.S. Attorney, State Attorney, County Attorney > Charges,
The United States Attorneys
serve as the nation's principal litigators
under the direction of the Attorney
There are 93 United States Attorneys
stationed throughout the United States,
Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam,
and the Northern Mariana Islands.
United States Attorneys are appointed by,
and serve at the discretion of,
the President of the United States,
with the advice and consent
of the United States Senate.
One United States Attorney
to each of the 94 judicial districts,
with the exception of Guam
and the Northern Mariana Islands
where a single United States Attorney
serves in both districts.
Each United States Attorney
is the chief federal law enforcement officer
of the United States
within his or her particular jurisdiction.
United States Attorneys
conduct most of the trial work
in which the United States is a party.
The United States Attorneys
have three statutory responsibilities
under Title 28,
Section 547 of the United States Code:
the prosecution of criminal cases
brought by the Federal Government;
the prosecution and defense of civil case
in which the United States is a
and the collection of debts
owed the Federal Government
Although the distribution of caseload
varies between districts,
each U.S. Attorney’s Office
deals with every category of cases
and handles a mixture
of simple and complex litigation.
Each United States Attorney
exercises wide discretion
in the use of his/her
to further the priorities
of the local jurisdictions
and needs of their
- 26 August 2014
the U.S. Attorney > charge
U.S. Department of Justice > U.S. Attorneys
deputy attorney general
hearing before the Senate Judiciary Committee /
hearing for deputy Attorney General nominee
Samuel Hazard Gillespie Jr.
S. Hazard Gillespie
aggressively pursued securities fraud
as the United States attorney
for the Southern District of New York
in the last years
of the Eisenhower administration
and was a top litigator
for the Manhattan firm
of Davis, Polk & Wardwell
nearly 50 years
state Attorney General Charles Foti
Chicago > Robert D. Boyle, the chief deputy
special state’s attorney
Arizona’s attorney general
Arizona > Attorney general
Pennsylvania’s Attorney General / top prosecutor
State of Texas > Attorney General - the state’s chief law
California penal code
State of New York > Attorney general
the highest ranking law enforcement officer for the State,
responsible for representing New York
and its residents in legal matters.
United States attorney
for the Southern District of New York >
The attorney general of Connecticut
United States Attorney > Southern District of New York
California's Attorney General
Louisiana attorney general
Colorado Attorney General John Suthers
state attorney general
Ramsey County Attorney
be charged with manslaughter
by the state attorney's office
be on trial (...)
on a charge of involuntary manslaughter
in the death of N
shooting > U.S. Attorney > charges
The charges issued include:
"Performing an act of violence
against a person at an airport,"
"using and carrying a firearm
during and in relation
to a crime of violence"
and "causing the death of a person
through the use of a firearm
in the course of a violation."
charges > misdemeanor
be elected county attorney
Baltimore’s chief prosecutor / state’s attorney for Baltimore
black elected prosecutors
Charge of 2nd-Degree Murder
Shooting of Martin
The New York Times
By LIZETTE ALVAREZ
and MICHAEL COOPER
JACKSONVILLE, Fla. — More than six weeks after he shot and killed Trayvon
Martin, an unarmed 17-year-old with no criminal record, George Zimmerman, the
neighborhood watch coordinator at a small gated community in Sanford, Fla., was
charged by a special prosecutor on Wednesday evening with second-degree murder
and taken into custody.
The charges, which Mr. Martin’s family praised but called overdue, opened a new
chapter in a case that set off a searing national discussion of racial
profiling, Florida’s expansive self-defense law and the fairness of the criminal
The charges against Mr. Zimmerman were announced by Angela B. Corey, the state
attorney for the Jacksonville area, who was appointed as a special prosecutor in
the case after the local state attorney stepped aside in the wake of criticism
that the case had been moving too slowly. Ms. Corey took pains to praise the
local law enforcement officials at a news conference in Jacksonville, and
pledged to pursue justice for the Martin family.
Asked about the racial overtones of the case — Mr. Martin, who was black, was
shot and killed by Mr. Zimmerman, a Hispanic man who was not immediately
arrested by the local police — Ms. Corey said that law enforcement officials
were committed to justice for all, regardless of race, gender or background.
“We only know one category as prosecutors, and that’s a ‘V,’ ” Ms. Corey said.
“It’s not a ‘B,’ it’s not a ‘W,’ it’s not an ‘H.’ It’s ‘V,’ for victim. That’s
who we work tirelessly for. And that’s all we know, is justice for our victims.”
If convicted of second-degree murder, Mr. Zimmerman, 28, could face life in
prison. It is the toughest charge he could have faced. First-degree murder would
have required a finding of premeditation and a grand jury review, which Ms.
Corey decided against this week.
Mr. Martin’s parents, Sybrina Fulton and Tracy Martin, praised the decision to
arrest and charge Mr. Zimmerman at an emotional news conference in Washington,
where they had been meeting with their lawyers and supporters. “We simply wanted
an arrest,” Ms. Fulton said. “We wanted nothing more and nothing less, we just
wanted an arrest. And we got it. And I say, ‘Thank you, thank you, Lord, thank
you, Jesus.’ ”
Mr. Zimmerman arrived at the Seminole County Jail around 8:25 p.m. and stepped
out of a black S.U.V. in the custody of law enforcement agents.
The killing of Trayvon Martin incited outrage and protest marches across the
country. He was shot on the evening of Feb. 26 as he returned from buying
Skittles and iced tea at a 7-Eleven, bound for the home in a gated community in
Sanford, a small city just north of Orlando, where he and his father were
Mr. Zimmerman, the founder of the local neighborhood watch, called 911 that
evening to report that Mr. Martin looked like “a real suspicious guy.” Some
questioned whether Mr. Martin attracted Mr. Zimmerman’s attention simply because
he was black. Others were outraged by the slow reaction of the local police and
prosecutors, who did not immediately arrest and charge Mr. Zimmerman, saying
that Florida’s self-defense law could make it difficult to prove a criminal case
President Obama weighed in on the case at one point, saying, “If I had a son,
he’d look like Trayvon.” After television commentators suggested that Mr. Martin
might have looked suspicious because he was wearing a hooded sweatshirt, people
around the country began donning them in solidarity. LeBron James and other
members of the Miami Heat basketball team posed in them for a photograph they
posted on Twitter. Representative Bobby L. Rush, Democrat of Illinois, even wore
one on the floor of the House, saying “Just because someone wears a hoodie does
not make them a hoodlum.”
The case drew attention to Florida’s Stand Your Ground Law, which was enacted
seven years ago after lobbying by the National Rifle Association, over the
objections of many law enforcement officials. The law gives the benefit of the
doubt to people who claim self-defense, even if they are not in their homes; it
says that people who feel that they are in danger do not need to retreat, even
if it would seem reasonable to do so.
In this case, Mr. Zimmerman, who had founded a neighborhood watch over the
summer after a string of burglaries in the area, saw Mr. Martin, began following
him, and called 911, telling the dispatcher that he appeared “suspicious.”
The dispatcher asked if Mr. Zimmerman was following him. “Yeah,” Mr. Zimmerman
“O.K.., we don’t need you to do that,” the dispatcher said. Mr. Zimmerman said:
The case will probably hinge on what happened next.
A lawyer for Mr. Martin’s parents, Benjamin Crump, has said that Mr. Martin was
speaking on his cellphone at the time with his girlfriend, and told her that he
was being followed. Mr. Crump said that the girl heard him being asked what he
was doing before the line went dead.
Mr. Zimmerman’s father, Robert Zimmerman, gave a different account: he has said
that his son had lost sight of Mr. Martin, who then appeared from behind and
Witnesses then told 911 that they saw two men fighting. Then Mr. Martin was shot
in the chest and killed.
The Sanford police came under heavy criticism when they did not arrest Mr.
Zimmerman, saying that they had no evidence to dispute his claim of
self-defense. The police chief, Bill Lee, eventually stepped down from his post.
The state appointed a special prosecutor. And the Justice Department announced
that it would open a federal civil rights investigation.
Ms. Corey, the special state prosecutor who announced the charges, said that if
Mr. Zimmerman’s lawyers invoke the state’s Stand Your Ground law in his defense,
and prosecutors do not believe the shooting was justified, they will challenge
“This case is just like many of the shooting deaths we’ve had in our circuit,”
she said. “If Stand Your Ground becomes an issue, we fight it if we believe it’s
the right thing to do.”
Mr. Zimmerman changed his lawyers this week, and his old legal team held an odd
news conference on Tuesday to say that they were withdrawing from the case and
had not heard from him since the weekend. Mr. Zimmerman’s new lawyer, Mark M.
O’Mara, a well-known criminal lawyer, said in a brief interview Wednesday night
that his client would plead not guilty at a hearing on Thursday.
Mr. O’Mara also said that he hoped the judge would take up a bond motion at the
hearing, but that he expected the judge would wait for a more extensive hearing
in the near future.
One of Mr. Zimmerman’s former lawyers, Craig A. Sonner, said after the murder
charge was announced that he would use the Stand Your Ground law as a defense if
he were still representing Mr. Zimmerman.
Mr. Sonner said that although he had not seen evidence in the case first hand,
he believed that “when all the evidence arrives in its totality, and all the
circumstances are viewed in their totality, everything will show, I believe,
that George Zimmerman was acting in self defense.”
As she announced the charge, Ms. Corey, the prosecutor, praised Mr. Martin’s
“sweet parents.” But she stressed that the decision to charge was made based on
the law, not on pressure. “Let me emphasize that we do not prosecute by public
pressure or by petition,” she said. “We prosecute based on the facts of any
given case, as well as the laws of the State of Florida.”
Alvarez reported from Jacksonville,
and Michael Cooper from New York.
Kovaleski contributed reporting from Sanford,
Michael S. Schmidt from
and Timothy Williams from New York.
Styczynski contributed research.
Prosecutor Files Charge of 2nd-Degree Murder in Shooting of Martin,
Related > Anglonautes >
county attorney > charges, prosecution
U.S. Supreme Court,
State Supreme Courts
justice, law > USA
justice, law > death penalty > USA
prison, jail > USA
justice > courtroom artists
/ miscarriage of justice > UK / USA
Related > Anglonautes > Documents
historical documents > USA