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Vocapedia > English language > America, USA > Iconic words > America, American, jeep, cowboy...

 

 

 

 

The Speech that Made Obama President        THNKR        30 August 2012

 

In 2004, a one-term senator from Illinois took the stage

to deliver the keynote speech

at the Democratic National Convention in Boston.

 

By the time Barack Obama had finished speaking,

Democrats across the country knew

they had seen the future of their party.

 

YouTube > THNKR

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OFPwDe22CoY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

United States > from confederation to nation

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/05/10/
books/review/the-quartet-by-joseph-j-ellis.html

 

 

 

 

@POTUS

http://www.npr.org/sections/alltechconsidered/2017/01/20/
510784802/on-the-day-of-white-house-transitions-twitter-shifts-potus-to-donald-trump

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Why America Is Just Okay | NYT Opinion        The New York Times        1 July 2019

 

America is the greatest country on earth.

 

It’s a phrase, a slogan, a dogma for patriots.

 

And as we stare down the barrel of an upcoming election,

we’re prepared to hear this refrain echo.

 

In the video Op-Ed above,

we argue that the myth of America

as the greatest nation on earth is at best outdated

and at worst, wildly inaccurate.

 

Comparing the United States of America on global indicators

reveals we have fallen well behind Europe

— and share more in common with “developing countries”

than we’d like to admit.

YouTube

https://www.youtube.com/
watch?v=6mjef8NsNfU

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

America

 

https://www.youtube.com/
watch?v=6mjef8NsNfU - NYT - July 1, 2019

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/07/04/
625351953/one-song-glory

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/25/
opinion/america-is-the-gun.html

 

http://www.npr.org/2017/06/28/
534765046/smithsonian-exhibit-explores-religious-diversitys-role-in-u-s-history

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/06/14/
opinion/i-thought-i-understood-america-then-came-trump.html

https://lens.blogs.nytimes.com/2017/02/23/
a-lesson-from-the-1940s-america-is-capable-of-being-un-american/

http://www.npr.org/2017/01/20/
510746700/donald-trump-sworn-in-as-the-45th-president-of-the-united-states

http://www.npr.org/2017/01/19/
510491692/the-america-donald-trump-is-inheriting-by-the-numbers

http://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/02/
opinion/america-becomes-a-stan.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/11/22/
opinion/dont-retreat-into-fortress-america.html

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2016/11/16/us/
politics/the-two-americas-of-2016.htm

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/11/13/
opinion/he-made-america-feel-great-again.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/11/10/
opinion/america-elects-a-bigot.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/11/09/
business/media/media-trump-clinton.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/05/16/
opinion/campaign-stops/make-america-great-again-
for-the-people-it-was-great-for-already.html

http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2016/02/17/
466950838/america-is-obsessed-with-identity-thanks-obama

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/02/15/
opinion/how-america-was-lost.html

http://www.npr.org/2016/02/09/
466210908/new-hampshire-primary-the-polls-begin-to-close

http://www.npr.org/2016/02/09/
465334832/on-her-new-album-lucinda-williams-is-driven-not-comfortable

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/07/21/
opinion/invitation-to-a-dialogue-america-in-decline.html

http://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2015/jul/01/
gary-younge-farewell-to-america

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/02/23/
opinion/charles-blow-who-loves-america.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/01/22/
opinion/nicholas-kristof-reagan-obama-and-inequality.html

 

 

 

 

rural America

http://www.npr.org/2017/02/06/
512037502/rural-america-supported-trump-but-will-his-policies-support-them

 

 

 

 

America > BBC > Letter from America by Alistair Cooke        UK

http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b00f6hbp

 

 

 

 

Trump's America

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2016/11/16/us/
politics/the-two-americas-of-2016.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Americana > folk songs

 

https://www.npr.org/2012/07/04/
155856961/neil-youngs-fascination-with-americana

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

'America first'        UK / USA

 

https://www.theguardian.com/books/2018/jul/14/
behold-america-history-of-american-dream-sarah-churchwell-review

 

 

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/05/02/
opinion/trumps-valueless-foreign-policy.html

 

http://www.npr.org/2017/02/28/
517565701/trumps-america-first-agenda-marks-sharp-break-in-u-s-economic-policy

 

http://www.npr.org/2017/01/21/
510877650/trump-vows-policy-vision-of-america-first-recalling-phrases-controversial-past

 

http://www.npr.org/2017/01/20/
510746700/donald-trump-sworn-in-as-the-45th-president-of-the-united-states

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

God bless America

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/02/07/
opinion/sunday/sick-and-tired-of-god-bless-america.html

 

 

 

 

Americanism        UK

https://www.theguardian.com/books/2017/feb/03/
americanism-us-writers-imagine-fascist-future-fiction

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dearborn, Michigan        G        4 August 2017

 

 

 

 

Dearborn, Michigan        The Guardian        4 August 2017

YouTube

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GEoVHfqxHio

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

American        UK / USA

https://www.npr.org/sections/allsongs/2018/07/03/
625369721/american-anthems-the-songs-that-unite-us

 

http://www.npr.org/2017/10/16/
557338355/im-an-american-radio-show-promoted-inclusion-before-world-war-ii

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/09/26/
upshot/nearly-half-of-americans-dont-know-people-in-puerto-ricoans-are-fellow-citizens.html

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/ng-interactive/2017/aug/04/
dearborn-michigan-divided-muslim-american-donald-trump-documentary

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GEoVHfqxHio - Guardian - 4 August 2017

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/ng-interactive/2017/aug/04/
dearborn-michigan-divided-muslim-american-donald-trump-documentary

http://www.npr.org/2017/04/07/
523044253/during-world-war-i-u-s-government-propaganda-erased-german-culture

http://www.npr.org/sections/therecord/2017/03/21/
520948428/chuck-berry-taught-me-how-to-be-an-american

https://lens.blogs.nytimes.com/2017/02/08/
rarely-seen-photos-japanese-internment-dorothea-lange/

http://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2017/02/03/
513263766/budweiser-s-super-bowl-ad-misses-the-real-timelier-story-about-immigrants-and-be

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/11/10/
opinion/being-american-in-the-trump-years.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/02/17/
opinion/who-are-we.html

 

 

 

 

American        UK

http://www.theguardian.com/music/2015/jun/10/
sonic-youth-1990-say-are-you-anti-american-i-think-
its-pretty-cool-people-should-be-anti-american

 

 

 

 

American identity

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/05/02/
opinion/the-collapse-of-american-identity.html

 

 

 

 

American icon

http://www.npr.org/2017/08/24/
545771819/jeep-why-this-american-icon-could-soon-be-part-of-a-chinese-company

 

 

 

 

American anthems

https://www.npr.org/2018/07/04/
625351953/one-song-glory

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/allsongs/2018/07/03/
625369721/american-anthems-the-songs-that-unite-us

 

 

 

 

un-American    (adjective)

https://www.npr.org/2018/06/17/
620628547/former-u-s-ambassador-to-mexico-calls-trumps-immigration-policies-un-american

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

hyphenated American > German-Americans

http://www.npr.org/2017/04/07/
523044253/during-world-war-i-u-s-government-propaganda-erased-german-culture

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

anti-American        UK

http://www.theguardian.com/music/2015/jun/10/
sonic-youth-1990-say-are-you-anti-american-
i-think-its-pretty-cool-people-should-be-anti-american

 

 

 

 

un-American

https://lens.blogs.nytimes.com/2017/02/23/
a-lesson-from-the-1940s-america-is-capable-of-being-un-american/

 

 

 

 

I am an American

https://lens.blogs.nytimes.com/2017/02/08/
rarely-seen-photos-japanese-internment-dorothea-lange/

 

 

 

 

the American idea

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/09/25/
opinion/david-brooks-the-american-idea-and-todays-gop.html

 

 

 

 

American idealism

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/03/07/
opinion/the-end-of-american-idealism.html

 

 

 

 

native American

http://www.npr.org/2016/04/13/
473264076/for-native-americans-health-care-is-a-long-hard-road-away

http://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/gallery/2016/feb/17/
native-american-wounded-knee-massacre-in-pictures

 

http://www.npr.org/blogs/thetwo-way/2015/03/31/
396664863/federal-judge-says-south-dakota-officials-
violated-native-american-families-righ

 

 

 

 

native American > Navajo / Navajo nation

http://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2016/04/10/
473547227/for-the-navajo-nation-uranium-minings-deadly-legacy-lingers

 

http://lens.blogs.nytimes.com/2015/06/25/
kenji-kawano-40-years-with-the-navajo/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

a nation of immigrants

http://www.youtube.com/watch?
v=wejt939QXko&index=4&list=UUqnbDFdCpuN8CMEg0VuEBqA

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/05/22/
opinion/blow-still-a-nation-of-immigrants.html

 

 

 

 

become American

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/01/18/
opinion/sunday/how-mexicans-became-americans.html

 

 

 

 

American dream

 

 

 

 

America’s Red States

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/01/04/
opinion/sunday/is-life-better-in-americas-red-states.html

 

 

 

 

the land of the free

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/06/19/
opinion/an-apology-for-slavery.html

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cUZO8ffNcpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

a / the land of opportunity

http://www.npr.org/2017/04/11/
523019764/to-ray-davies-america-is-still-a-land-of-opportunity

http://www.npr.org/sections/parallels/2017/02/24/
517023337/deported-with-a-valid-u-s-visa-jordanian-says-message-is-youre-not-welcome

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

rust belt

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/21/us/
niles-michigan-trump-no-women-march.html

 

 

 

 

US Supreme Court

“equal justice under law”

http://www.supremecourt.gov/about/constitutional.aspx

 

 

 

 

E Pluribus Unum

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/E_pluribus_unum

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/parallels/2017/01/26/
511625609/for-a-stark-contrast-to-u-s-immigration-policy-try-canada

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/07/05/
opinion/krugman-e-pluribus-unum.html

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OFPwDe22CoY - 30 August 2012

 

 

 

 

eagle

http://www.gocomics.com/stevebenson/2016/11/09

 

 

 

 

bald eagle        USA

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/19/
magazine/bald-eagle-national-burden.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

cowboy

 

https://www.npr.org/2019/01/05/
682318409/dom-flemons-presents-a-new-image-of-the-american-cowboy

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/12/02/
opinion/fake-cowboys-and-real-indians.html

http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2016/08/21/
488673962/south-floridas-seminole-cowboys-cattle-is-in-our-dna

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/npr-history-dept/2015/09/03/
433194190/the-indian-cowboys-of-florida

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

yeehaw

 

https://www.npr.org/2019/05/17/
724339197/lil-nas-xs-old-town-road-video-is-here-to-lasso-the-yeehaw-agenda

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

gun

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/25/
opinion/america-is-the-gun.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

gunslinger

 

https://www.npr.org/2016/09/29/
495913292/old-west-gunslinging-meets-futuristic-androids-in-hbos-westworld

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

gunslinging

 

https://www.npr.org/2016/09/29/
495913292/old-west-gunslinging-meets-futuristic-androids-in-hbos-westworld

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

old West

 

https://www.npr.org/2016/09/29/
495913292/old-west-gunslinging-meets-futuristic-androids-in-hbos-westworld

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

wild West

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/05/11/
us/politics/sexual-assault-school.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Indians

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/12/02/
opinion/fake-cowboys-and-real-indians.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yankee

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yankee#Early_usage

http://www.civilwar.org/education/history/biographies/nathan-bedford-forrest.html

 

http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/03/31/
the-birth-of-dixie/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

the American South

http://www.npr.org/2016/02/09/
465334832/on-her-new-album-lucinda-williams-is-driven-not-comfortable

 

 

 

 

the South

http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2015/07/25/
425315875/q-a-with-chuck-reece-a-bitter-southerner-reimagines-the-region

 

 

 

 

Southern

http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2015/07/25/
425315875/q-a-with-chuck-reece-a-bitter-southerner-reimagines-the-region

 

 

 

 

Southern roots

http://www.npr.org/2016/02/09/
465334832/on-her-new-album-lucinda-williams-is-driven-not-comfortable

 

 

 

 

Southerners

http://www.npr.org/2016/03/17/
470824030/reverence-and-rage-southerners-battle-over-relics-of-the-confederacy

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

the Jim Crow South

https://www.nytimes.com/2015/03/11/us/
claude-sitton-times-reporter-who-covered-south-in-civil-rights-era-dies-at-89.html

 

 

 

 

in the Jim Crow South

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/05/29/
arts/maya-angelou-lyrical-witness-of-the-jim-crow-south-dies-at-86.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/07/25/us/
willie-louis-who-named-the-killers-of-emmett-till-at-their-trial-dies-at-76.html

 

 

 

 

1944 > in the Jim Crow era of the South

http://www.theguardian.com/theobserver/2014/mar/22/
george-stinney-execution-verdict-innocent

 

 

 

 

during the Jim Crow era of racial segregation in the US >

The Negro Motorist Green Book, published 1936-1964

http://www.theguardian.com/travel/2015/feb/27/
green-book-south-west-usa-route-66-civil-rights

 

 

 

 

Jim Crow

http://www.pbs.org/wnet/jimcrow/index.html 

http://www.pbs.org/wnet/jimcrow/stories_events_enforce.html 

https://www.virginiahistory.org/collections-and-resources/
virginia-history-explorer/civil-rights-movement-virginia/world-jim-crow 

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/04/18/
books/review/stony-the-road-henry-louis-gates.html

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/12/03/
opinion/sunday/the-horror-of-lynchings-lives-on.html

https://www.theguardian.com/culture/gallery/2016/oct/29/
civil-rights-photography-north-of-dixie

http://www.nytimes.com/slideshow/2016/10/18/
blogs/photographing-civil-rights-up-north-and-beyond-dixie/s/
18-lens-civilrights-slide-SHBR.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/09/30/
movies/13th-review-ava-duvernay.html

http://www.npr.org/2016/08/09/
489311892/jacqueline-woodsons-brooklyn-is-full-of-dreams-and-danger

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/06/25/
opinion/tearing-down-the-confederate-flag-is-just-a-start.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/01/29/
opinion/when-jim-crow-drank-coke.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/03/07/
books/michelle-alexanders-new-jim-crow-raises-drug-law-debates.html

 

http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2010/11/16/
jim-crow-on-west-broadway/

 

http://www.npr.org/templates/story/
story.php?storyId=12819237 - August 15, 2007

 

http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2006-07-09
-slavery-reparations_x.htm

 

 

 

 

Jim Crow laws

 

Jim Crow

was the name

of the racial caste system

which operated primarily,

but not exclusively

in southern and border states,

between 1877

and the mid-1960s.

 

Jim Crow

was more than a series

of rigid anti-black laws.

 

It was a way of life.

 

Under Jim Crow,

African Americans

were relegated to the status

of second class citizens.

 

Jim Crow represented

the legitimization of anti-black racism.

 

Many Christian ministers and theologians

taught that whites were the Chosen people,

blacks were cursed to be servants,

and God supported racial segregation.

 

Craniologists, eugenicists,

phrenologists, and Social Darwinists,

at every educational level,

buttressed the belief that blacks

were innately intellectually

and culturally inferior to whites.

 

Pro-segregation politicians

gave eloquent speeches

on the great danger of integration:

the mongrelization of the white race.

 

Newspaper and magazine writers

routinely referred to blacks

as niggers, coons, and darkies;

and worse, their articles reinforced

anti-black stereotypes.

 

Even children's games

portrayed blacks as inferior beings

(see "From Hostility to Reverence:

100 Years of African-American Imagery

in Games").

 

All major societal institutions

reflected and supported

the oppression of blacks.

http://www.ferris.edu/jimcrow/what.htm

 

http://americanhistory.si.edu/brown/history/1-segregated/jim-crow.html 

https://www.ferris.edu/jimcrow/what.htm  

https://www.nps.gov/malu/learn/education/jim_crow_laws.htm 

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/06/25/
opinion/tearing-down-the-confederate-flag-is-just-a-start.html

 

http://www.npr.org/blogs/codeswitch/2015/04/10/
398806751/painting-the-epic-drama-of-the-great-migration-the-work-of-jacob-lawrence

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ku Klux Klan        KKK

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/07/20/us/
a-confederate-generals-final-stand-divides-memphis.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/07/19/us/
ku-klux-klanprotests-at-south-carolina-capitol.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

redneck

 

http://www.npr.org/2016/09/06/
492183406/a-resurgence-of-redneck-pride-marked-by-race-class-and-trump

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

jazz

http://www.npr.org/2016/08/22/
490940271/toots-thielemans-jazz-harmonica-baron-has-died

 

 

 

 

Hollywood

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/01/01/
507800502/merry-prankster-in-l-a-wants-to-start-2017-on-a-high-note

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

jeep

http://www.npr.org/2017/08/24/
545771819/jeep-why-this-american-icon-could-soon-be-part-of-a-chinese-company

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

New Black Panther Party

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/07/19/us/
ku-klux-klanprotests-at-south-carolina-capitol.html

 

 

 

 

“In God is our trust”

http://amhistory.si.edu/starspangledbanner/the-lyrics.aspx

 

 

 

 

national motto > "In God We Trust,"

https://www.npr.org/2019/07/25/
744909500/south-dakota-public-schools-add-in-god-we-trust-signs-to-walls

 

https://www.youtube.com/
watch?v=F34Vlqtv0lQ - The Obama White House - 20 Oct. 2016

 

 

 

 

characters, personifications > USA > Uncle Sam

 

 

 

 

Pledge of Allegiance    USA

 

`I pledge allegiance

to the Flag of the United States of America,

and to the Republic for which it stands,

one Nation under God, indivisible,

with liberty and justice for all.'

 

The words are familiar.

 

Many, if not most,

U.S. schoolchildren

say The Pledge of Allegiance

every morning.

 

But most Americans

probably don't know

the history of those words,

and the changes

they've gone through over time.

 

In particular,

that the words "under God"

weren't added until 1954.

 

 

 

 

Pledge Timeline



1892:

The Pledge is introduced

to celebrate Columbus's

discovery of America.

It is written by magazine editor

and Christian Socialist, Francis Bellamy

and reads: "I pledge allegiance to my Flag

and to the Republic for which it stands:

one Nation indivisible

with Liberty and Justice for all."



1923:

As immigration debates

heat up in the United States,

The National Flag Conference,

sponsored by the American Legion

and the Daughters

of the American Revolution,

changes "my Flag"

to "the flag

of the United States of America."



1942:

Congress formally

recognizes the pledge

and includes it

in the federal Flag Code.



1942:

Congress changes

the official stance of pledge takers

to the right hand over the heart

— the previous stance,

one hand extended from the body,

was too reminiscent of the Nazi salute.



1954:

Congress adds the words

"under God" to the pledge.

 

The Knights of Columbus

lobbied for the change.

http://www.pbs.org/now/society/religionstats2.html

 

 

http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/today/jun14.html

http://www.pbs.org/now/society/religionstats2.html

 

 

https://lens.blogs.nytimes.com/2017/02/08/
rarely-seen-photos-japanese-internment-dorothea-lange/

http://www.npr.org/2017/01/29/
512336574/as-protests-emerge-brothers-agree-to-give-trump-administration-a-chance

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Alamo

 

Texans or Texians,

according to some sources,

began fighting

for independence from Mexico

in 1835.

 

By December

the small Texas army had captured

the important crossroads town

of San Antonio de Bexar

and seized the garrison

known as the Alamo.

 

Mexican General

Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna

recaptured the town

on March 6, 1836,

after a thirteen-day siege;

the Mexican army suffered

an estimated 600 casualties.

 

Of the official list

of 189 Texan defenders,

all were killed.

 

Historians continue to debate

the number of defenders

inside the Alamo.

 

The defense of the Alamo

is well-known

for those who fought for Texas.

 

David Crockett,

James (Jim) Bowie,

and William Barret Travis

were among those remembered

by the "Remember the Alamo"

reported to be yelled

at the victory at San Jacinto.

http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/today/mar06.html

 

 

http://www.history.com/topics/alamo

http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/today/mar06.html

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/alamo/

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GU-Rj7k3U8U

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/09/12/
opinion/gail-collins-rick-perry-meets-his-alamo.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

On Donald Trump’s Immigration Ban

Patrick Chappatte

NYT

JAN. 31, 2017

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/31/
opinion/on-donald-trumps-immigration-ban.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Steve Benson

Gocomics

November 14, 2015

http://www.gocomics.com/stevebenson/2015/11/14

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Statue of Liberty - October 28, 1886

http://www.loc.gov/rr/print/list/077_stat.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/31/
opinion/on-donald-trumps-immigration-ban.html

http://www.gocomics.com/jeffstahler/2017/01/31

http://www.gocomics.com/robrogers/2017/01/31

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/31/
opinion/checking-in-on-lady-liberty.html

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2017/jan/29/
muslims-america-untouchables-donald-trump-ban-islamophobia

http://www.gocomics.com/michaelramirez/2017/01/21

 

http://www.gocomics.com/viewsoftheworld/2016/12/06

http://www.gocomics.com/glennmccoy/2016/11/30

http://www.gocomics.com/viewsoftheworld/2016/11/18

http://www.gocomics.com/viewsbusiness/2016/11/09

 

 

 

 

 

Ellis Island

USA > late 19th / early 20th century > Immigration > Ellis Island

 

 

 

 

melting pot

http://www.npr.org/2017/10/16/
557338355/im-an-american-radio-show-promoted-inclusion-before-world-war-ii

 

 

 

 

German America

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/09/23/
opinion/whatever-happened-to-german-america.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income Inequality

Is Costing the U.S.

on Social Issues

 

APRIL 28, 2015

The New York Times

Eduardo Porter

 

Thirty-five years ago, the United States ranked 13th among the 34 industrialized nations that are today in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development in terms of life expectancy for newborn girls. These days, it ranks 29th.

In 1980, the infant mortality rate in the United States was about the same as in Germany. Today, American babies die at almost twice the rate of German babies.

“On nearly all indicators of mortality, survival and life expectancy, the United States ranks at or near the bottom among high-income countries,” says a report on the nation’s health by the National Research Council and the Institute of Medicine.

What’s most shocking about these statistics is not how unhealthy they show Americans to be, compared with citizens of countries that spend much less on health care and have much less sophisticated medical technology. What is most perplexing is how stunningly fast the United States has lost ground.

The blame for the precipitous fall does not rest primarily on the nation’s doctors and hospitals.

The United States has the highest teenage birthrate in the developed world — about seven times the rate in France, according to the O.E.C.D. More than one out of every four children lives with one parent, the largest percentage by far among industrialized nations. And more than a fifth live in poverty, sixth from the bottom among O.E.C.D. nations.

Among adults, seven out of every 1,000 are in prison, more than five times the rate of incarceration in most other rich democracies and more than three times the rate for the United States four decades ago.

The point is: The United States doesn’t have a narrow health care problem. We’ve simply handed our troubles to the medical industry to fix. In many ways, the American health care system is the most advanced in the world. But whiz-bang medical technology just cannot fix what ails us.

As economists from the University of Chicago, M.I.T. and the University of Southern California put it in a recent research paper, much of America’s infant mortality deficit is driven by “excess inequality.”

American babies born to white, college-educated, married women survive as often as those born to advantaged women in Europe. It’s the babies born to nonwhite, nonmarried, nonprosperous women who die so young.

Three or four decades ago, the United States was the most prosperous country on earth. It had the mightiest military and the most advanced technologies known to humanity. Today, it’s still the richest, strongest and most inventive. But when it comes to the health, well-being and shared prosperity of its people, the United States has fallen far behind.

Pick almost any measure of social health and cohesion over the last four decades or so, and you will find that the United States took a wrong turn along the way.

How did we get here? How do we exit?

As the presidential campaign draws the political debate to our national priorities, these questions must take center stage. As candidates argue over the budget deficit and the national debt, debate what to do about income inequality, address the problem of mass incarceration or refight the battles over the Affordable Care Act and the minimum wage, they should be forced to address how their policy wish list adds up to an answer.

Looking at how the United States compares with other nations is illuminating. As I noted in last week’s column, over the last four decades or so, the labor market lost much of its power to deliver income gains to working families in many developed nations.

But blaming globalization and technological progress for the stagnation of the middle class and the precipitous decline in our collective health is too easy. Jobs were lost and wages got stuck in many developed countries.

What set the United States apart — what made the damage inflicted upon American society so intense — was the nature of its response. Government support for Americans in the bottom half turned out to be too meager to hold society together.

The conservative narrative of America’s social downfall, articulated by the likes of Charles Murray from the American Enterprise Institute, posits that a large welfare state, built from the time of the New Deal in the 1930s through the era of the Great Society in the 1960s, sapped Americans’ industriousness and undermined their moral fiber.

A more compelling explanation is that when globalization struck at the jobs on which 20th-century America had built its middle class, the United States discovered that it did not, in fact, have much of a welfare state to speak of. The threadbare safety net tore under the strain.

Call it a failure of solidarity. American institutions, built from hostility toward collective solutions, couldn’t hold society together when the economic underpinning of full employment at a decent wage gave in.

The question is, Is there a solution to fit these ideological preferences? The standard prescriptions, typically shared by liberals and conservatives, start with education, building the skills needed to harness the opportunities of a high-tech, fast-changing labor market that has little use for those who end their education after high school.

Ensuring everybody has a college degree might not stanch the flow of riches to the very pinnacle of society. But it could deliver a powerful boost to the incomes and the well-being of struggling families in the bottom half.

And yet the prescription — embedded in the social reality that is contemporary America — falls short. In contemporary America, education is widening inequity, not closing it. College enrollment rates have stagnated for lower-income Americans. Sean Reardon from Stanford University notes that the achievement gap between rich and poor children seems to have been steadily expanding for the last 50 years.

On the left, there are calls to build the kind of generous social insurance programs, which despite growing budget constraints remain largely intact among many European social democracies. Senator Elizabeth Warren, Democrat of Massachusetts, for example, is calling for an expansion of Social Security, paid for by lifting the cap on payroll taxes so the rich pay the same share of their income to support the system as everybody else.

That may be desirable, though at the moment, our greatest problems are not about the elderly. And at least for the foreseeable future, it remains a political nonstarter in a nation congenitally mistrustful of government. Just in time to kick off the presidential campaign, Republicans in the House and Senate were working on a budget that would gut Obamacare — most likely increasing the pool of the nation’s uninsured — and slash funding for programs for Americans of low and moderate income.

Yet despite the grim prognosis, there is hope. The challenge America faces is not simply a matter of equity. The bloated incarceration rates and rock-bottom life expectancy, the unraveling families and the stagnant college graduation rates amount to an existential threat to the nation’s future.

That is, perhaps, the best reason for hope. The silver lining in these dismal, if abstract, statistics, is that they portend such a dysfunctional future that our broken political system might finally be forced to come together to prevent it.
 


Email: eporter@nytimes.com; Twitter: @portereduardo

A version of this article appears in print on April 29, 2015,
on page B1 of the New York edition with the headline:
Income Inequality Is Costing the Nation on Social Issues.

Income Inequality Is Costing the U.S. on Social Issues,
NYT,
28 APRIL 2015,
http://www.nytimes.com/2015/04/29/
business/economy/income-inequality-is-costing-the-us-on-social-issues.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > Vocapedia

 

language > countries > America, USA > iconic words

 

 

characters, personifications > USA > Uncle Sam

 

 

language > describing things, facts, ideas, places, countries, people

 

 

USA > segregation > 19th-20th century > Jim Crow era / laws

 

 

USA > segregation > 19th-20th century > Jim Crow era > Blackface

 

 

slavery, race relations, racism, civil rights, apartheid

 

 

immigration > USA

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > History

 

USA > late 19th - early 20th century

Immigration > Ellis Island