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Vocapedia > USA > Race relations > African-Americans, Being black in America

 

 

 

Ed Dwight

on a visit to Air Force headquarters,

with a model of the Titan III rocket

and the Boeing X-20 Dyna-Soar space vehicle.

 

Circa November 1963.

 

CreditBettmann/Getty Images

 

Ed Dwight Was Set to Be the First Black Astronaut.

Here’s Why That Never Happened.

For a brief moment,

the civil rights movement and the space race

came together.

NYT

July 16, 2019

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/07/16/
us/ed-dwight-was-set-to-be-the-first-black-astronaut-heres-why-that-never-happened.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

the N-word /  N***** / the n-word / nigger        UK / USA

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/09/06/
548966984/nfl-s-michael-bennett-says-las-vegas-cop-threatened-to-shoot-him-in-the-head

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/06/03/
531365550/bill-maher-apologizes-after-using-n-word-on-his-show

 

 

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/culture/gallery/2016/oct/29/
civil-rights-photography-north-of-dixie

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/02/18/nyregion/
remembering-a-vile-civil-war-act-on-fifth-avenue.html

 

 

 

 

http://www.theguardian.com/us-news/video/2015/jun/22/
obama-n-word-wft-marc-maron-audio

 

 

 

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/film/2013/jan/17/
jamie-foxx-django-unchained-angry

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

color

https://lens.blogs.nytimes.com/2017/06/14/
searching-for-the-missing-scenes-of-black-lives-simmons-stewart/

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/07/
sports/football/willie-evans-dead.html

 

 

 

 

people of color        UK

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2016/jul/07/
philando-castile-questlove-chance-the-rapper-john-legend-reactions

 

 

 

 

men of color

https://www.npr.org/2018/01/27/
581103921/activists-gang-database-disproportionately-targets-young-men-of-color

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/ed/2016/05/11/
477392750/what-young-men-of-color-can-teach-us-about-the-achievement-gap

 

 

 

 

women of color

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/12/08/
obituaries/leslie-wolfe-who-pursued-equality-for-women-dies-at-74.html

 

 

 

 

colored

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/05/22/
opinion/confederate-monuments-indians-original-southerners.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/02/18/
nyregion/remembering-a-vile-civil-war-act-on-fifth-avenue.html

 

 

 

 

hair > dreadlocks /  twisted locks

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/02/10/
us/army-ban-on-dreadlocks-black-servicewomen.html

 

 

 

 

hair > The Racial Roots Behind The Term 'Nappy'

https://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2019/08/09/
412886884/the-racial-roots-behind-the-term-nappy

 

 

 

 

1967 > movies > Guess Who's Coming to Dinner

https://www.nytimes.com/1967/12/12/
archives/screen-guess-whos-coming-to-dinner-arrives-tracyhepburn-picture.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

African-American        UK / USA

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/07/16/
us/ed-dwight-was-set-to-be-the-first-black-astronaut-heres-why-that-never-happened.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/07/16/
us/african-american-astronauts.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/04/30/
movies/john-singleton-poetic-justice.html

 

 

 

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/08/16/
638324920/american-anthem-lift-every-voice-and-sing-black-national-anthem

 

https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2018/jun/21/
metropolitan-museum-art-african-american-portraits-exhibition

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/06/14/
619833359/san-francisco-elects-first-african-american-woman-for-mayor

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/06/09/
opinion/african-americans-national-anthem-protests.html

 

https://www.theguardian.com/culture/gallery/2018/feb/09/
a-history-of-seattles-african-american-community-in-pictures

 

 

 

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2017/11/04/
561654823/sickle-cell-patients-endure-discrimination-poor-care-and-shortened-lives

 

http://www.npr.org/2017/10/28/
560444290/racism-is-literally-bad-for-your-health

 

http://www.npr.org/2017/08/26/
544686950/in-more-than-a-picture-exhibit-history-happens-now

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/08/11/
542907671/black-journalists-panel-with-omarosa-manigault-ends-in-anger

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/08/06/us/
black-transgender-lil-duval.html

 

http://www.npr.org/2017/08/03/
541382961/naacp-warns-black-travelers-to-use-extreme-caution-when-visiting-missouri

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/07/29/
opinion/sunday/how-we-make-black-girls-grow-up-too-fast.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/07/22/
opinion/sunday/dont-let-detroits-revival-rest-on-an-injustice.html

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2017/07/16/
536935957/stress-and-poverty-may-explain-high-rates-of-dementia-in-african-americans

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2017/05/29/
530081834/remembering-the-great-poet-gwendolyn-brooks-at-100

 

https://www.theguardian.com/culture/gallery/2017/may/12/
african-americans-in-the-armed-forces-in-pictures

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/04/12/nyregion/
judge-dead-hudson-river-sheila-abdus-salaam.html

 

https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/gallery/2017/feb/09/
taste-of-freedom-black-america-19th-century-photographer-in-pictures-
cornell-university-archive

 

 

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2016/08/31/us/
hereismyamerica.html

 

http://lens.blogs.nytimes.com/2016/07/19/
african-american-children-empowered-by-photography/

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/06/05/
480864303/trumps-african-american-i-am-not-a-trump-supporter

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/06/04/us/
politics/donald-trump-african-americans.html

 

http://lens.blogs.nytimes.com/2016/05/26/
honoring-the-legacy-of-african-american-women/

 

http://lens.blogs.nytimes.com/2016/05/10
/reclaiming-the-photographic-narrative-of-african-americans/

 

 

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/11/16/
opinion/blow-disrespect-race-and-obama.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/07/29/
opinion/keller-profiling-obama.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

African-Americans > Detroit        UK / USA

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/07/22/
opinion/sunday/dont-let-detroits-revival-rest-on-an-injustice.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

African-American astronauts

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/07/16/
us/ed-dwight-was-set-to-be-the-first-black-astronaut-heres-why-that-never-happened.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/07/16/
us/african-american-astronauts.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

black America        UK / USA

 

https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/gallery/2018/jun/12/
charles-whites-powerful-portraits-of-black-america-in-pictures

 

https://www.theguardian.com/music/2018/may/18/
the-last-poets-the-hip-hop-forefathers-who-gave-black-america-its-voice

 

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2018/may/10/
donald-glover-childish-gambino-this-is-america-grim-surrealism

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/16/
obituaries/lerone-bennett-jr-historian-of-black-america-dies-at-89.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/12/
magazine/why-black-panther-is-a-defining-moment-for-black-america.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2018/02/01/
movies/28-essential-films-black-history-month.html

 

 

 

 

http://www.npr.org/2017/06/26/
534435492/bet-awards-wields-and-exerts-its-influence-beyond-black-america

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2017/06/12/
532242734/when-what-was-good-for-bill-cosby-was-good-for-black-america

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2017/05/02/
499244087/the-fine-print-in-the-state-of-black-america-report

 

 

 

 

http://www.npr.org/2016/10/16/
497841789/for-much-of-black-america-election-2016-has-been-rough

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/09/05/
opinion/campaign-stops/looking-down-on-black-america.html

 

ttp://www.nytimes.com/2016/06/26/
opinion/sunday/barack-obama-the-president-of-black-america.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Black Americans        UK / USA

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2018/10/02/
653798353/southern-diet-blamed-for-high-rates-of-hypertension-among-blacks

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/08/05/
635127389/majority-of-black-americans-value-social-media-for-amplifying-lesser-known-issue

 

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2018/may/10/
donald-glover-childish-gambino-this-is-america-grim-surrealism

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2017/10/25/
559015355/how-black-americans-see-discrimination

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Black Americans > health

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2018/10/02/
653798353/southern-diet-blamed-for-high-rates-of-hypertension-among-blacks

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

'You don't have to look black to be black':

The complex racial identity of a tiny Ohio town        G         25 July 2019

 

 

 

 

'You don't have to look black to be black': The complex racial identity of a tiny Ohio town        The Guardian        25 July 2019

 

In the remote Ohio town of East Jackson,

which sits in the Appalachian foothills,

residents have for decades identified as black

– despite the fact they appear white.

 

Tom Silverstone and Francisco Navas

visit a place where residents' racial lines

have been blurred to invisibility

 

YouTube

https://www.youtube.com/
watch?v=H9mtCLL8rI0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

black        UK / USA

 

black Americans, black folk,

black / black man, black woman,

black youth, Blacks, black people

 

 

https://www.npr.org/2019/08/08/
745484864/when-i-was-white-centers-on-the-formation-of-race-identity-and-self

 

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/video/2019/jul/25/
you-dont-have-to-look-black-to-be-black-the-complex-racial-identity-of-a-tiny-ohio-town-video

 

https://www.npr.org/2019/07/10/7
38493491/with-a-growing-membership-since-trump-black-gun-group-considers-getting-politica

 

https://www.npr.org/2019/06/07/
730084076/the-last-black-man-in-san-francisco-is-about-who-belongs-in-a-beloved-city

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2019/04/07/
710364521/chefs-memoir-tackles-what-it-s-like-to-be-young-gifted-and-black-in-fine-dining

 

https://www.npr.org/2019/03/26/
706741007/what-doesnt-kill-you-makes-you-blacker-is-a-powerful-look-at-one-black-mans-life

 

https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/gallery/2019/feb/15/
the-black-cowboys-of-mississippi-in-pictures

 

https://www.npr.org/2019/01/01/
680740275/rachel-barton-pine-music-by-black-composers-blues-dialogues

 

 

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/12/24/
lens/dawoud-bey-seeing-deeply.html

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2018/10/17/
658101432/distrust-of-health-care-system-may-keep-black-men-away-from-prostate-cancer-rese

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/08/06/
lens/revealing-the-lives-of-black-fathers.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/07/21/
opinion/sunday/trump-racism-black-children.html

 

https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2018/jul/13/
hiking-african-american-racism-nature

 

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2018/jul/07/
african-american-unemployment-kansas-city

 

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2018/jul/05/
missouri-driving-while-black-st-louis

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/06/18/
magazine/how-desus-mero-conquered-late-night.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/06/14/
lens/miss-black-and-beautiful-beauty-pageants.html

 

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2018/jun/01/
from-black-panthers-to-bbq-becky-the-displacement-of-black-oakland

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/05/27/
614730785/on-white-fear-being-weaponized-and-how-to-respond

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/05/21/
us/oakland-bbq-while-black.html

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/05/18/
611783940/50-states-and-no-black-governors-but-that-could-change-in-2018

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2018/05/15/
608517467/why-painting-a-black-boys-nails-isnt-going-against-his-culture

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/05/10/
opinion/yale-napping-racism-black.html

 

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2018/may/10/
donald-glover-childish-gambino-this-is-america-grim-surrealism

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/05/05/
opinion/black-mothers-childbirth.html

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/05/05/
608558338/3-black-teenage-scientists-had-a-breakthrough-then-came-the-trolls

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2018/04/28/
606757226/james-h-cone-founder-of-black-liberation-theology-dies-at-79

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/04/22/
opinion/-missing-history-columbia-protests.html

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/monkeysee/2018/04/18/
603248724/scandal-will-keep-on-giving-long-after-olivia-pope-handles-her-last-crisis

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2018/04/17/
603171567/video-shows-police-tackling-punching-black-harvard-student

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/04/17/
lens/african-american-police-officer-photography-identity.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2018/03/19/
upshot/race-class-white-and-black-men.html

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2018/03/19/
587249339/black-and-latino-children-are-often-overlooked-when-it-comes-to-autism

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/02/25/
588632658/you-have-dark-skin-and-you-are-beautiful-the-long-fight-against-skin-bleaching

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/23/
opinion/sunday/natural-hair-black-panther.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/23/
style/black-women-hair-beauty.html

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/02/23/
588103943/the-enduring-lyricism-of-w-e-b-du-bois-the-souls-of-black-folk

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/02/17/
586479140/piecing-me-together-novelist-says-she-writes-to-help-kids-feel-seen

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/02/08/
584085035/atlanta-monster-podcast-hopes-to-close-the-door-on-1970s-child-murders

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/01/27/
opinion/sunday/why-do-you-say-youre-black.html

 

 

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/12/25/
opinion/chicago-police-black-kids-gangs.html

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2017/12/20/
570777510/how-racism-may-cause-black-mothers-to-suffer-the-death-of-their-infants

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2017/12/16/
553748898/black-farmers-are-sowing-the-seeds-of-health-and-empowerment

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/12/07/
obituaries/perry-wallace-college-basketball-pioneer-is-dead-at-69.html

 

https://www.npr.org/2017/12/07/
568948782/black-mothers-keep-dying-after-giving-birth-shalon-irvings-story-explains-why

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/11/17/
opinion/jay-z-meek-mill-probation.html

 

http://www.npr.org/2017/10/24/
559690951/money-may-not-shield-prosperous-blacks-from-bigotry-survey-says

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/09/06/
books/review/black-detroit-herb-boyd.html

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2017/09/05/
547562682/a-black-food-historian-explores-his-bittersweet-connection-to-robert-e-lee

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2017/08/26/
546059541/ask-code-switch-since-you-re-black-you-must-be

 

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2017/aug/16/
black-women-violated-us-policing-racial-profiling

 

http://www.npr.org/2017/08/03/
541382961/naacp-warns-black-travelers-to-use-extreme-caution-when-visiting-missouri

 

http://www.npr.org/2017/06/26/
534435492/bet-awards-wields-and-exerts-its-influence-beyond-black-america

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/06/24/
opinion/sunday/philando-castile-police-shootings.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/06/17/us/
police-shootings-philando-castile.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/06/17/
opinion/sunday/kevin-cooper-death-row-innocent.html

 

https://lens.blogs.nytimes.com/2017/06/14/
searching-for-the-missing-scenes-of-black-lives-simmons-stewart/

 

https://lens.blogs.nytimes.com/2017/06/05/
black-soldiers-double-war-fighting-for-freedom/

 

http://www.npr.org/2017/05/21/
529419512/three-generations-of-african-american-police-officers-talk-about-policing-today

 

http://www.npr.org/2017/05/23/
529705257/the-bachelorette-may-have-a-black-star-but-its-still-set-in-a-white-world

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/05/03/
opinion/a-beauty-products-ads-exclude-the-black-women-who-use-it.html

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2017/05/02/
499244087/the-fine-print-in-the-state-of-black-america-report

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2017/04/23/
494790016/black-jewish-relations-intensified-and-tested-by-current-political-climate

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/04/20/
opinion/where-did-all-the-black-teachers-go.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/04/01/
opinion/sunday/black-and-proud-even-if-strangers-cant-tell.html

 

http://www.npr.org/2017/03/29/
521954040/-blackwomenatwork-women-speak-out-after-criticism-of-journalist-congresswoman

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/03/28/
521805165/white-supremacist-charged-with-terrorism-over-murder-of-black-man

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/03/07/
519012758/black-people-are-wrongly-convicted-of-murder-more-often-data-shows

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2017/02/25/
516468604/black-muslims-face-double-jeopardy-anxiety-in-the-heartland

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/monkeysee/2017/02/14/
515168800/the-purely-accidental-lessons-of-the-first-black-bachelorette

 

https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/gallery/2017/feb/09/
taste-of-freedom-black-america-19th-century-photographer-in-pictures-cornell-university-archive

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/27/nyregion/
love-and-black-lives-in-pictures-found-on-a-brooklyn-street.html

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/ed/2017/01/27/
511428075/does-your-school-arrest-students

 

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2017/jan/17/
obama-legacy-black-masculinity-white-america

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/13/us/
black-lady-liberty-us-coin.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/07/
sports/football/willie-evans-dead.html

 

 

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/10/21/us/georgetown-washington-
mount-zion-oak-hill-cemetery.html

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/09/29/
495962008/a-wide-gulf-persists-between-black-and-white-perceptions-of-policing

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2016/09/24/
495079195/black-stuntmen-behind-the-scenes-but-not-invisible-at-new-smithsonian-museum

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/09/24/
opinion/henry-louis-gates-jr-restoring-black-history.html

 

http://www.gocomics.com/robrogers/2016/09/23

 

http://www.nytimes.com/video/us/
100000003841604/blacktwitter-after-ferguson.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/09/18/
theater/sarah-jones-anna-deveare-smith-lynn-nottage.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/09/18/movies/hollywood-
separate-and-unequal.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/09/18/
magazine/margot-lee-shetterly-wants-to-tell-more-black-stories.html

 

https://www.npr.org/2016/09/02/
492251653/for-the-black-middle-class-housing-crisis-and-history-collude-to-dash-dreams

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/08/18/
opinion/why-blacks-loathe-trump.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/08/02/
opinion/i-destini-race-policing-prisons.html

 

http://www.gocomics.com/stuartcarlson/2016/08/05

 

https://www.theguardian.com/books/2016/jul/25/
100-best-nonfiction-books-notes-of-a-native-son-james-baldwin 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2016/jul/07/
black-people-second-amendment-rights-philando-castile-alton-sterling-police-shootings

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/07/02/
opinion/obama-as-the-first-black-president.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/06/26/
opinion/sunday/barack-obama-the-president-of-black-america.html

 

http://lens.blogs.nytimes.com/2016/06/19/
what-does-it-mean-to-be-a-black-man-photos-of-fathers-and-sons/

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/06/19/
opinion/sunday/im-ghanaian-american-am-i-black.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/06/18/
upshot/long-term-mistrust-from-tuskegee-experiment-
a-study-seems-to-overstate-the-case.html

 

https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2016/jun/09/
three-black-teenagers-anger-as-google-image-search-shows-police-mugshots

 

https://www.theguardian.com/culture/gallery/2016/jun/05/
picturing-children-book-african-american-history

 

http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2016/04/18/
the-perils-of-being-a-black-philosopher/

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/04/03/
opinion/sunday/when-whites-just-dont-get-it-part-6.html

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/ed/2016/03/23/
471267584/the-untold-stories-of-black-girls

 

https://www.youtube.com/
watch?v=sGsPiesQ_ek - 13 February 2016

 

http://www.npr.org/2016/02/05/
465748249/african-americans-face-uncertain-reality-
despite-low-unemployment-rate

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/02/04/
opinion/what-oj-simpson-taught-me-about-being-black.html

 

 

 

 

http://www.npr.org/2015/10/24/
449893318/there-were-fewer-black-men-in-medical-school-
in-2014-than-in-1978

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/10/25/us/
racial-disparity-traffic-stops-driving-black.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/09/11/books/
review-negroland-by-margo-jefferson-on-growing-up-black-and-privileged.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/07/27/us/politics/
lynch-says-death-in-custody-highlights-fears-among-blacks.html

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2015/07/10/
421469553/ta-nehisi-coates-looks-at-the-physical-toll-of-being-black-in-america

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2015/05/26/
408183772/lovely-illustrations-from-the-story-of-a-black-boy-
who-dreams-of-going-to-mars

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/05/17/
opinion/sunday/housing-apartheid-american-style.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/05/07/
opinion/a-conversation-about-growing-up-black.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2015/04/20/
upshot/missing-black-men.html

 

 

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/09/07/
opinion/sunday/nicholas-kristof-when-whites-just-dont-get-it-part-2.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/08/31/
opinion/sunday/nicholas-kristof-after-ferguson-race-
deserves-more-attention-not-less.html

 

 

 

 

http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/08/07/
a-cold-current/

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/07/29/
opinion/keller-profiling-obama.html

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/video/2013/jul/19/
jesse-jackson-free-not-equal-video

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2013/jul/14/
open-season-black-boys-verdict

 

 

 

 

https://www.npr.org/templates/
story/story.php?storyId=122984022 - January 26, 2010

 

 

 

 

http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2006-07-09-
slavery-reparations_x.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

'black and proud'

 

https://www.npr.org/templates/
story/story.php?storyId=122984022 - January 26, 2010

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

National African American Gun Association

 

https://www.npr.org/2019/07/10/7
38493491/with-a-growing-membership-since-trump-black-gun-group-considers-getting-politica

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA > 'driving while black'        UK

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2018/jul/05/
missouri-driving-while-black-st-louis

 

 

 

 

USA > 'hiking while black'        UK

https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2018/jul/13/
hiking-african-american-racism-nature

 

 

 

 

BBQ while black

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/05/21/
us/oakland-bbq-while-black.html

 

 

 

 

black mothers

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/05/05/
opinion/black-mothers-childbirth.html

 

 

 

 

black fathers

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/08/06/
lens/revealing-the-lives-of-black-fathers.html

 

 

 

 

black boys

https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2018/03/19/
upshot/race-class-white-and-black-men.html

 

 

 

 

black unemployment

https://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2018/02/03/
582936744/even-when-black-unemployment-is-at-record-lows-its-dangerously-high

 

http://www.npr.org/2016/02/05/
465748249/african-americans-face-uncertain-reality-despite-low-unemployment-rate

 

 

 

 

USA > black > unemployment        UK

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2018/jul/07/
african-american-unemployment-kansas-city

 

 

 

 

1960 > black is beautiful movement

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/11/27/
lens/kwame-brathwaite-black-is-beautiful.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

black homeownership

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/08/07/
632497683/in-baltimore-the-gap-between-white-and-black-homeownership-persists

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

dark skin > bleaching

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/02/25/
588632658/you-have-dark-skin-and-you-are-beautiful-the-long-fight-against-skin-bleaching

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

black liberation theology

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2018/04/28/
606757226/james-h-cone-founder-of-black-liberation-theology-dies-at-79

 

https://www.npr.org/templates/
story/story.php?storyId=89236116 - March 31, 2008

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

youth incarceration rates

in the United States

 

gap between black and white

youth confinement

http://www.npr.org/2017/09/27/
551864016/fewer-youths-incarcerated-but-gap-between-blacks-and-whites-worsens

 

 

 

 

be stereotyped

http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2017/08/26/
546059541/ask-code-switch-since-you-re-black-you-must-be

 

 

 

 

black women        UK

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2017/aug/16/
black-women-violated-us-policing-racial-profiling

 

 

 

 

black Muslims

http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2017/02/25/
516468604/black-muslims-face-double-jeopardy-anxiety-in-the-heartland

 

 

 

 

black soldiers

https://lens.blogs.nytimes.com/2017/06/05/
black-soldiers-double-war-fighting-for-freedom/

 

 

 

 

black college

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/06/08/
us/samuel-dubois-cook-dead-educator-racial-pioneer.html

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/04/01/
opinion/sunday/finding-growth-at-my-historically-black-college.html

http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2017/02/26/
516468502/for-black-college-prospects-belonging-and-safety-often-top-ivy-prestige

 

 

 

 

 black Morehouse College in Atlanta, Georgia

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/06/08/us/
samuel-dubois-cook-dead-educator-racial-pioneer.html

 

 

 

 

black Detroit

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/09/06/
books/review/black-detroit-herb-boyd.html

 

 

 

 

A taste of freedom:

black America in the 19th century – in pictures        UK

https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/gallery/2017/feb/09/
taste-of-freedom-black-america-19th-century-photographer-in-pictures-
cornell-university-archive

 

 

 

 

term > “driving while black”

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/10/02/
travel/roula-allouch-civil-rights-advocate-on-muslims-and-travel.html

 

 

 

 

black pride

http://www.npr.org/2016/06/04/
171025748/boxer-muhammad-ali-the-greatest-of-all-time-dies-at-74

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

black power        UK

http://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2016/feb/25/
the-new-south-atlanta-georgia-city-of-black-power

 

 

 

 

black power

https://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2018/10/16/
657548752/those-raised-fists-still-resonate-50-years-later

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2018/06/04/
613683819/exploding-myths-about-black-power-jewish-politics

 

http://www.npr.org/2016/07/06/
484808335/behind-the-black-power-goddess-betty-davis-early-demos-released

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/06/17/
arts/defining-and-proclaiming-a-new-black-power.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Black Panthers        UK

https://www.theguardian.com/culture/gallery/2016/sep/15/
black-panthers-black-lives-matter-gallery-stephen-shames-pictures

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MOVE

Philadelphia black liberation group

 

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/deceptivecadence/2017/09/17/
551481017/-we-shall-not-be-moved-a-new-opera-traces-the-legacy-of-the-1985-move-bombing

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2015/05/18/
407665820/why-did-we-forget-the-move-bombing

http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2015/05/13/
406243272/im-from-philly-30-years-later-im-still-trying-to-make-sense-of-the-move-bombing

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

black history

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/09/24/
opinion/henry-louis-gates-jr-restoring-black-history.html

 

 

 

 

black achievement        UK

https://www.theguardian.com/sport/commentisfree/2016/jun/05/
muhammad-ali-gary-younge-tribute

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

black celebrities

http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2017/09/08/
548738114/using-black-celebrities-to-push-pop-pudding-and-politics

http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2017/06/12/
532242734/when-what-was-good-for-bill-cosby-was-good-for-black-america

 

 

 

 

Black Entertainment Television music awards    BET

https://www.bet.com/  

 

http://www.npr.org/2017/06/26/
534435492/bet-awards-wields-and-exerts-its-influence-beyond-black-america 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

black / African-American police officers

http://www.npr.org/2017/05/21/
529419512/three-generations-of-african-american-police-officers-
talk-about-policing-today

 

 

 

 

the Great Migration

 

— the period during the 20th century

when millions of African-Americans

left the Southern U.S. —

http://www.npr.org/2017/09/14/
550729865/author-attica-locke-in-america-we-walk-side-by-side-with-our-past

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA > black press

 

(...) the black press

is not what it used to be.

 

At their height

during the Great Migration decades

between 1915 and 1970,

dozens of weeklies

— including

The New York Amsterdam News,

The Pittsburgh Courier

and The Los Angeles Sentinel —

reported the news of black America.

 

The Chicago Defender,

unofficial organ of the migration,

had a national circulation of 130,000.

 

Everything that was fit to print,

from the latest racial pogroms

to Negro League baseball box scores,

filled its pages,

giving voice to the voiceless

along the color line

of American political and social life.

 

In 2000,

Vernon Jarrett,

a longtime

Chicago Defender reporter

and a syndicated columnist

at The Chicago Tribune,

described black newspapers as

“the most predominant

media influence

on black people. . . .

They were our Internet.”

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/04/05/books/review/05bkr-muhammad.t.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/04/05/
books/review/05bkr-muhammad.t.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Chicago Defender

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/07/09/
us/chicago-defender-newspaper.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

black food

http://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2017/09/05/
547562682/a-black-food-historian-explores-his-bittersweet-connection-to-robert-e-lee

 

 

 

 

be black        UK

http://www.theguardian.com/fashion/2016/mar/19/
naomi-campbell-modelling-bob-marley-putin-autobiography-extract

 

 

 

 

being black in America

http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2016/04/06/
473224606/a-reluctant-king-ta-nehisi-coates-takes-on-marvels-black-panther

http://www.npr.org/2016/02/28/
468483901/being-black-in-the-tech-industry

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/02/04/
opinion/what-oj-simpson-taught-me-about-being-black.html

 

 

 

 

as an African-American...

http://www.npr.org/2016/02/28/
468483901/being-black-in-the-tech-industry

 

 

 

 

Alabama's rural black belt

http://www.npr.org/2016/02/26/
468260087/in-alabamas-rural-black-belt-an-uphill-climb-for-bernie-sanders

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

blackness

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/08/11/
opinion/ebony-jet-magazine.html

https://www.npr.org/2019/08/08/
745484864/when-i-was-white-centers-on-the-formation-of-race-identity-and-self

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/06/21/
arts/television/bill-cosby-mistrial-sexual-assault-constand-cosby-show-.html

http://www.npr.org/2017/01/15/
509937056/-pretty-big-movement-takes-on-dance-company-stereotypes

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2016/06/24/
482788572/on-parliament-funkadelic-and-a-less-squeaky-clean-picture-of-blackness

http://www.npr.org/2016/06/10/
481523465/in-political-activism-ali-pulled-no-punches-and-paid-a-heavy-price

http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2016/05/23/
473814916/candice-hoyes-sings-blackness-womanhood-and-history-on-her-new-jazz-album

http://www.theguardian.com/australia-news/audio/2016/may/03/
token-podcast-why-beyonce-can-never-leave-her-blackness-at-the-door

 

http://mic.com/articles/135262/
snl-slays-white-america-s-reaction-to-formation-
with-the-day-beyonc-turned-black#.U6vnVMHat - February 14, 2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

sitcoms >  ABC comedy series Black-ish

http://www.npr.org/2016/05/18/
478414550/kenya-barris-on-black-ish-and-what-kids-lose-when-they-grow-up-with-more

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/02/26/
arts/television/blackish-police-brutality.html

 

 

 

 

well-to-do black people

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/09/15/
opinion/how-segregation-destroys-black-wealth.html

 

 

 

 

unemployment > Blacks

http://www.npr.org/2016/02/05/
465748249/african-americans-face-uncertain-reality-
despite-low-unemployment-rate

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

#BlackWomenAtWork

http://www.npr.org/2017/03/29/
521954040/-blackwomenatwork-women-speak-out-after-criticism-of-journalist-congresswoman

 

 

 

 

#BernieMadeMeWhite

http://www.npr.org/2016/03/28/
472160616/-berniemademewhite-no-bernie-sanders-isnt-just-winning-with-white-people

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

racist depictions of African-Americans > fried chicken

http://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2015/07/10/
421469370/fried-chicken-and-freedom-a-virginia-town-s-
surprising-civil-war-legacy

 

 

 

 

profiled

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/08/02/
opinion/i-destini-race-policing-prisons.html

 

 

 

 

housing apartheid

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/05/17/
opinion/sunday/housing-apartheid-american-style.html  

 

 

 

 

black Americans > death penalty > racial bias        UK

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2013/mar/20/
texas-death-row-duane-buck

 

 

 

 

black churches in Southern states

http://www.npr.org/2015/10/23/
451067040/arson-blamed-for-7-st-louis-church-fires

http://www.npr.org/2015/06/29/
418490411/arsonists-hit-6-black-churches-in-5-southern-states

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

black film

https://www.npr.org/2018/02/18/
586888497/black-panther-and-the-very-important-black-film

 

 

 

 

blacksploitation cinema / films

 

 

 

 

black Americans in cinema

28 Days, 28 Films for Black History Month

 

Our chief film critics have chosen

essential movies from the 20th century

that convey the larger history

of black Americans in cinema.

https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2018/02/01/
movies/28-essential-films-black-history-month.html

 

 

 

 

black actors

https://www.nytimes.com/video/movies/
100000005743839/black-history-film-actors.html - Feb. 15, 2018

 

 

 

 

Marvel > Black Panther

 

https://www.theguardian.com/film/black-panther

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xjDjIWPwcPU - 16 October 2017

 

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/02/18/
586888497/black-panther-and-the-very-important-black-film

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/18/
movies/black-panther-box-office-records.html

https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2018/02/18/
586935542/black-panther-breaks-records-and-barriers-in-debut-weekend

https://www.npr.org/2018/02/17/
586172340/danai-gurira-on-her-black-panther-role-she-protects-what-we-would-have-been

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/16/
opinion/sunday/black-panther-nerds-cool.html

https://www.npr.org/2018/02/16/
586513016/black-panther-costume-designer-draws-on-the-sacred-geometry-of-africa

https://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2018/02/16/
585415685/can-marvels-new-superhero-bear-the-weight-of-representation

https://www.npr.org/sections/13.7/2018/02/16/
586544153/black-panther-science-heroes-and-how-comics-changed-the-world

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/15/
style/black-panther-movie-cosplay.html

https://www.nytimes.com/video/movies/
100000005738871/anatomy-of-a-scene-black-panther.html - Feb. 15, 2018

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/15/
business/media/black-panther-hollywood-diversity.html

https://www.theguardian.com/film/2018/feb/15/
black-panther-chadwick-boseman-interview-everybodys-minds-are-opening-up

https://www.theguardian.com/film/2018/feb/14/
black-panther-superhero-film-discuss-with-spoilers-ryan-coogler

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/12/
movies/black-panther-marvel-chadwick-boseman-ryan-coogler-lupita-nyongo.html

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/12/
magazine/why-black-panther-is-a-defining-moment-for-black-america.html

https://www.npr.org/sections/monkeysee/2018/02/12/
585006605/black-panther-tells-a-thrilling-superhero-story-that-hasn-t-been-told

https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2018/02/10/
583497786/black-panthers-mythical-home-may-not-be-so-mythical-after-all

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/09/
movies/black-panther-african-american-fans.html

https://www.npr.org/sections/therecord/2018/02/06/
582841574/heres-how-black-panther-the-album-came-together

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/06/
movies/black-panther-review-movie.html

https://www.theguardian.com/film/2018/feb/06/
black-panther-review-marvel-wakanda-chadwick-boseman

https://www.npr.org/sections/allsongs/2018/01/31/
582185850/kendrick-lamar-releases-black-panther-tracklist-and-it-doesn-t-disappoint

 

http://www.npr.org/2016/05/07/
477089249/2016-age-of-the-on-screen-black-superhero

http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2016/05/07/
474213573/the-black-panther-may-have-his-roots-in-a-15th-century-african-kingdom

http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2016/04/06/
473224606/a-reluctant-king-ta-nehisi-coates-takes-on-marvels-black-panther

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/04/03/
movies/ta-nehisi-coates-helps-a-new-panther-leave-its-print.html

 

 

 

 

black superhero

https://www.npr.org/sections/13.7/2018/02/16/
586544153/black-panther-science-heroes-and-how-comics-changed-the-world

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Congressional Black Caucus

http://topics.nytimes.com/top/reference/timestopics/organizations/c/
congressional_black_caucus/index.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

From left:

Marcus Scribner, Miles Brown, Marsai Martin and Anthony Anderson

in “black-ish.”

 

Patrick Wymore/ABC

 

With Police Brutality Episode,

‘black-ish’ Shows How Sitcoms Can Still Matter

NYT

FEB. 25, 2016

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/02/26/arts/television/blackish-police-brutality.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Profiling Obama

 

July 28, 2013

The New York Times

By BILL KELLER

 

FOR much of his public life, Barack Obama has been navigating between people who think he is too black and people who think he is not black enough.

The former group speaks mostly in dog-whistle innuendo and focuses on proxy issues to emphasize Obama’s ostensible otherness: his birth certificate, his supposed adherence to “black liberation theology” (presumably before he converted to Islam), his “Kenyan, anticolonial” worldview. Jonathan Alter’s recent book on Obama’s presidency sums up these notions as symptoms of “Obama Derangement Syndrome” — a disorder whose subtext is more often than not: he’s too black.

On the other side are African-Americans and liberals who are disappointed that Obama has not made it his special mission to call out the racism that still festers in American society and rectify the racial imbalance in our economy, in our schools, in our justice system.

“It has, at times, been painful to watch this particular president’s calibrated, cautious and sometimes callous treatment of his most loyal constituency,” the radio and TV host Tavis Smiley told The Times’s Jodi Kantor last year. That was one of the gentler rebukes from the not-black-enough camp.

Obama believes he best serves the country, and ultimately the interests of black Americans, by being the president of America, not the president of black America. Even when he speaks eloquently on the subject, as he did in his 2008 speech in Philadelphia, he presents himself as a bridge between white and black rather than the civil rights leader-in-chief. And even when his administration has undertaken reforms that address racial injustice — reinvigorating the moribund civil rights division of the Justice Department, for example — he does not call a news conference and make a big deal of it. This is certainly calibrated and cautious. But callous?

Obama’s remarks on the death of Trayvon Martin — “could have been me 35 years ago” — reanimated the old divide. From the he’s-too-black sideline the president was predictably accused of indulging in “racial victimology” and “race baiting.” On the other side, some of those who had yearned for Obama to be more outspoken seized on his riff as a turning point; the president, a Detroit radio host exulted, “showed his brother card.” Charles Ogletree, a Harvard law professor who has known Obama for 25 years, told NPR he felt like “turning cartwheels” when he heard the remarks, and he declared he would now have to rethink a book-in-the-works, in which he had planned to criticize the president’s timidity on race.

“It seems to me he threw caution to the wind,” Ogletree told me. “It opens up a whole new chapter of Barack Obama.”

Does it? I, too, found Obama’s words moving in their emotional warmth and empathy. But if you go back and read them, now that the heat of the moment has cooled, you will see they are carefully measured and completely consistent with what he has said in his writing and speaking since he entered public life. The warrior against racism that critics on the right deplore and critics on the left demand is nowhere to be found. His comments on the pain and humiliation of racial profiling, which got the most attention, reprise a theme that goes back at least to his days as a state senator. His respectful treatment of the court that acquitted Martin’s killer and his nod to the pathologies of the black underclass got less notice.

“He basically says, try to understand this issue from the perspective of people different from yourself,” said Thomas Sugrue, a University of Pennsylvania historian who has written a book-length study of Obama and race. “And he says it to black folks and white folks.” But somehow listeners on both sides hear what they expect to hear, Sugrue said, on one side “a prophetic Martin Luther King Jr.,” on the other side “a pent-up Black Panther waiting to explode.”

There’s a name for that: racial profiling. People may no longer give Obama suspicious glares in department stores or clutch their purses when he enters an elevator, but they have typecast him according to their own fears and expectations of a black man in the White House. They are still profiling Barack Obama.

Those who hope his Trayvon talk signaled a new presidential activism on race will be watching two litmus tests. The first is whether Obama’s Justice Department will file a civil rights suit against George Zimmerman, the neighborhood watch enthusiast who shot Martin dead. The N.A.A.C.P. says more than a million people have signed petitions calling for Justice to prosecute Zimmerman for a hate crime. The second is whether the president will offer a cabinet post to Ray Kelly, the New York police commissioner who has presided over the aggressive stop-and-frisk policing of mostly black and Latino men. Obama’s public praise of Kelly as a possible secretary of homeland security prompted anger and amazement, some of it on this page. Was the president indifferent to Kelly’s role as, in Ta-Nehisi Coates’s words, “the proprietor of the largest local racial profiling operation in the country,” or simply inattentive?

My guess is that the president will navigate those straits as he always has when race looms, carefully and without fanfare. If he is true to form, he will quietly pass over Kelly, because it’s now clear the appointment would become a major distraction from his agenda, because racial profiling is a lifelong personal sore spot for Obama, and because he has other, less polarizing options. He will leave George Zimmerman’s fate to Attorney General Eric Holder, who seems likely to conclude that a hate-crimes case would not stick and would be seen as putting politics over law. (The federal statute says it’s not enough to prove Zimmerman pursued Martin because of his race; the government would have to prove that racial prejudice was his motive for killing the teenager.) In his remarks on the case, Obama seemed to hint that the feds would not step in where the state has already ruled.

So if Obama’s Trayvon moment was not the debut of a new, more activist president, was it at least the beginning of a national conversation about race? If so, I doubt it will be a conversation led by the president. When race came up in an interview published in Sunday’s Times, he promptly segued into a discussion of economic strains on the social fabric.

And that’s O.K. President Obama has an economy to heal, a foreign policy to run, a daunting agenda blockaded by an intransigent opposition. Randall Kennedy, another Harvard law professor who has studied Obama and criticized him for a lack of audacity, says frustration should be tempered by realism. “My view of Obama is as a Jackie Robinson figure,” Kennedy told me. “Jackie Robinson breaks the color barrier and encounters all sorts of denigration, people spitting on him, and because he was a pioneer he had to be above it all. ... People expect Obama now to all of a sudden jump into this totally messy issue of race and the administration of criminal justice? It’s completely implausible. To do it would require a major investment of political capital.”

And, come to think of it, why is that his special responsibility anyway?

“There’s sort of a persistent misperception that talking about race is black folk’s burden,” said Benjamin Jealous, president of the N.A.A.C.P., when I asked him about Obama’s obligation. “Ultimately, only men can end sexism, and only white people can end racism.”

Wouldn’t you like to hear John Boehner or Mitch McConnell or Chris Christie or Rick Perry own up as candidly as the president has to the corrosive vestiges of racism in our society? Now that might be an occasion to turn cartwheels.

Profiling Obama,
NYT,
28.7.2013,
http://www.nytimes.com/2013/07/29/
opinion/keller-profiling-obama.html

 

 

 

 

 

Obama Sweeps to Victory

as First Black President

 

November 5, 2008

Filed at 2:23 a.m. ET

The New York Times

By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS

 

WASHINGTON (AP) -- Barack Obama swept to victory as the nation's first black president Tuesday night in an electoral college landslide that overcame racial barriers as old as America itself. ''Change has come,'' he told a jubilant hometown Chicago crowd estimated at nearly a quarter-million people.

The son of a black father from Kenya and a white mother from Kansas, the Democratic senator from Illinois sealed his historic triumph by defeating Republican Sen. John McCain in a string of wins in hard-fought battleground states -- Ohio, Florida, Iowa and more. He captured Virginia and Indiana, too, the first candidate of his party in 44 years to win either.

Obama's election capped a meteoric rise -- from mere state senator to president-elect in four years.

Spontaneous celebrations erupted from Atlanta to New York and Philadelphia as word of Obama's victory spread. A big crowd filled Pennsylvania Avenue in front of the White House.

In his first speech as victor, to an enormous throng at Grant Park in Chicago, Obama catalogued the challenges ahead. ''The greatest of a lifetime,'' he said, ''two wars, a planet in peril, the worst financial crisis in a century.''

He added, ''There are many who won't agree with every decision or policy I make as president, and we know that government can't solve every problem. But I will always be honest with you about the challenges we face.''

McCain called his former rival to concede defeat -- and the end of his own 10-year quest for the White House. ''The American people have spoken, and spoken clearly,'' McCain told disappointed supporters in Arizona.

President Bush added his congratulations from the White House, where his tenure runs out on Jan. 20. ''May God bless whoever wins tonight,'' he had told dinner guests earlier.

Obama, in his speech, invoked the words of Lincoln, recalled Martin Luther King Jr., and seemed to echo John F. Kennedy.

''So let us summon a new spirit of patriotism, of service and responsibility where each of us resolves to pitch in and work harder,'' he said.

He and his running mate, Sen. Joseph Biden of Delaware, will take their oaths of office as president and vice president on Jan. 20, 2009. McCain remains in the Senate.

Sarah Palin, McCain's running mate, returns to Alaska as governor after a tumultuous debut on the national stage.

He will move into the Oval Office as leader of a country that is almost certainly in recession, and fighting two long wars, one in Iraq, the other in Afghanistan.

The popular vote was close -- 51.7 percent to 47 percent with 84 percent of all U.S. precincts tallied -- but not the count in the Electoral College, where it mattered most.

There, Obama's audacious decision to contest McCain in states that hadn't gone Democratic in years paid rich dividends.

Shortly after 2 a.m. the East, The Associated Press count showed Obama with 349 electoral votes, well over the 270 needed for victory. McCain had 144 after winning states that comprised the normal Republican base, including Texas and most of the South.

Interviews with voters suggested that almost six in 10 women were backing Obama nationwide, while men leaned his way by a narrow margin. Just over half of whites supported McCain, giving him a slim advantage in a group that Bush carried overwhelmingly in 2004.

The results of the AP survey were based on a preliminary partial sample of nearly 10,000 voters in Election Day polls and in telephone interviews over the past week for early voters. Obama has said his first order of presidential business will be to tackle the economy. He has also pledged to withdraw most U.S. combat troops from Iraq within 16 months.

In Washington, the Democratic leaders of Congress celebrated.

''It is not a mandate for a party or ideology but a mandate for change,'' said Senate Majority leader Harry Reid of Nevada.

Said Speaker Nancy Pelosi of California: ''Tonight the American people have called for a new direction. They have called for change in America.''

Democrats also acclaimed Senate successes by former Gov. Mark Warner in Virginia, Rep. Tom Udall in New Mexico and Rep. Mark Udall in Colorado. All won seats left open by Republican retirements.

In New Hampshire, former Gov. Jeanne Shaheen defeated Republican Sen. John Sununu in a rematch of their 2002 race, and Sen. Elizabeth Dole fell to Democrat Kay Hagan in North Carolina.

Biden won a new term in Delaware, a seat he will resign before he is sworn in as vice president.

The Senate's Republican leader, Mitch McConnell, survived a scare in Kentucky, and in Georgia Sen. Saxby Chambliss hoped to avoid a December runoff.

The Democrats piled up gains in the House, as well.

They defeated seven Republican incumbents, including 22-year veteran Chris Shays in Connecticut, and picked up nine more seats where GOP lawmakers had retired.

At least three Democrats lost their seats, including Florida Rep. Tim Mahoney, turned out of office after admitting to two extramarital affairs while serving his first term in Florida. In Louisiana, Democratic Rep. Don Cazayoux lost the seat he had won in a special election six months ago.

The resurgent Democrats also elected a governor in one of the nation's traditional bellwether states when Missouri Attorney General Jay Nixon won his race.

An estimated 187 million voters were registered, and in an indication of interest in the battle for the White House, 40 million or so had already voted as Election Day dawned.

Obama sought election as one of the youngest presidents, and one of the least experienced in national political affairs.

That wasn't what set the Illinois senator apart, though -- neither from his rivals nor from the other men who had served as president since the nation's founding more than two centuries ago. A black man, he confronted a previously unbreakable barrier as he campaigned on twin themes of change and hope in uncertain times.

McCain, a prisoner of war during Vietnam, a generation older than his rival at 72, was making his second try for the White House, following his defeat in the battle for the GOP nomination in 2000.

A conservative, he stressed his maverick's streak. And although a Republican, he did what he could to separate himself from an unpopular president.

For the most part, the two presidential candidates and their running mates, Biden and Republican Gov. Sarah Palin of Alaska, spent weeks campaigning in states that went for Bush four years ago.

McCain and Obama each won contested nominations -- the Democrat outdistancing former first lady Hillary Rodham Clinton -- and promptly set out to claim the mantle of change.

Obama won California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, the District of Columbia, Florida, Hawaii, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Virginia, Vermont, Washington and Wisconsin.

McCain had Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, Idaho, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, West Virginia and Wyoming.

He also won at least four of Nebraska's five electoral votes, with the other one in doubt.

Obama Sweeps to Victory as First Black President,
NYT,
5.11.2008,
http://www.nytimes.com/aponline/washington/
AP-Election-Rdp.html - broken link

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > Vocapedia

 

British empire / UK

slavery, black power, black British identity

 

 

slavery, eugenics,

race relations, racism, civil rights,

apartheid

 

 

boxing > Cassius Clay / Muhammad Ali    1942-2016

 

 

police shootings

 

 

feelings, emotions > frustration, anger, hate

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > History > America, USA

 

20th century > 1920s-1970s > USA > Civil rights era

 

 

17th, 18th, 19th, 20th century > America, USA

Slavery, Racism, Civil war, Abraham Lincoln

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > Arts > Books > USA

 

Toni Morrison    1931-2019