Les anglonautes

About | Search | Grammar | Vocapedia | Learning | Docs | Stats | History | News podcasts - Videos | Images | Arts | Science | Travel | Translate

 Previous Home Up Next

 

Vocapedia > USA > Race relations > African-Americans > 19th - 20th century > Jim Crow era / laws

 

 

 

“Jim Crow,” an etching circa 1835-45.

 

Credit Library of Congress

In ‘Stony the Road,’

Henry Louis Gates Jr.

Captures the History and Images of the Fraught Years

After the Civil War

NYT

April 18, 2019

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/04/18/
books/review/stony-the-road-henry-louis-gates.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jim Crow

 

http://www.pbs.org/wnet/jimcrow/index.html 

http://www.pbs.org/wnet/jimcrow/stories_events_enforce.html 

http://www.vahistorical.org/collections-and-resources/
virginia-history-explorer/civil-rights-movement-virginia/world-jim-crow

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/04/18/
books/review/stony-the-road-henry-louis-gates.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/02/19/
lens/jim-crow-mississippi-florence-mars.html

 

https://www.npr.org/2019/01/11/
684540515/accused-of-florida-rape-70-years-ago-4-black-men-get-posthumous-pardons

 

 

 

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2018/11/17/
668307994/the-green-book-celebrating-the-bible-of-black-travel

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/11/04/
663522243/jim-crow-s-last-stand-in-louisiana-may-fall-to-ballot-measure

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2018/11/02/
417513631/when-boys-cant-be-boys

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/10/20/
opinion/sears-catalog-jim-crow.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/05/27/
opinion/jim-crow-north.html

 

https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/early-lead/wp/2018/04/21/
who-is-jack-johnson-the-boxer-trump-is-considering-for-posthumous-pardon/

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/27/
movies/did-you-wonder-who-fired-the-gun-review.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/02/
opinion/sunday/white-supremacy-forgot-women.html

 

 

 

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/10/25/
522583856/fats-domino-architect-of-rock-and-roll-dead-at-89

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/05/19/
books/review/he-calls-me-by-lightning-s-jonathan-bass.html

 

 

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/12/03/
opinion/sunday/the-horror-of-lynchings-lives-on.html

 

https://www.theguardian.com/culture/gallery/2016/oct/29/
civil-rights-photography-north-of-dixie

 

http://www.nytimes.com/slideshow/2016/10/18/
blogs/photographing-civil-rights-up-north-and-beyond-dixie/s/
18-lens-civilrights-slide-SHBR.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/09/30/
movies/13th-review-ava-duvernay.html

 

http://www.npr.org/2016/08/09/
489311892/jacqueline-woodsons-brooklyn-is-full-of-dreams-and-danger

 

http://www.npr.org/2016/03/13/
469411655/witness-to-change-recounts-civil-rights-struggles-of-new-orleans

 

 

 

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2015/07/10/
421469553/ta-nehisi-coates-looks-at-the-physical-toll-of-being-black-in-america

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/06/25/
opinion/tearing-down-the-confederate-flag-is-just-a-start.html

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2015/01/03/
374564307/the-goal-to-remember-each-jim-crow-killing-from-the-30s-on

 

 

 

 

http://www.npr.org/2013/05/03/
176801846/was-john-queen-a-real-life-jim-crow

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/01/29/
opinion/when-jim-crow-drank-coke.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/03/07/
books/michelle-alexanders-new-jim-crow-raises-drug-law-debates.html

http://www.npr.org/2012/01/16/
145175694/legal-scholar-jim-crow-still-exists-in-america

 

http://www.npr.org/2011/11/25/
142704485/-collecting-oral-histories-of-jim-crow

 

http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2010/11/16/
jim-crow-on-west-broadway/

http://www.npr.org/templates/story/
story.php?storyId=124687663 - March 15, 2010

 

http://www.npr.org/templates/story/
story.php?storyId=93059465 - July 30, 2008

 

http://www.npr.org/templates/story/
story.php?storyId=12819237 - August 15, 2007

 

http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2006-07-09
-slavery-reparations_x.htm

 

 

 

 

under Jim Crow

https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/early-lead/wp/2018/04/21/
who-is-jack-johnson-the-boxer-trump-is-considering-for-posthumous-pardon/

 

 

 

 

the Jim Crow South

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/02/
opinion/sunday/white-supremacy-forgot-women.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2015/03/11/
us/claude-sitton-times-reporter-who-covered-south-in-civil-rights-era-dies-at-89.html 

 

 

 

 

in the Jim Crow South

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/05/29/
arts/maya-angelou-lyrical-witness-of-the-jim-crow-south-dies-at-86.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/07/25/
us/willie-louis-who-named-the-killers-of-emmett-till-at-their-trial-dies-at-76.html 

 

 

 

 

1944 > in the Jim Crow era of the South

http://www.theguardian.com/theobserver/2014/mar/22/
george-stinney-execution-verdict-innocent

 

 

 

 

during the Jim Crow years

http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2017/02/05/
513144736/did-i-get-james-baldwin-wrong

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

What Was It Like to Travel While Black During Jim Crow?        NYT         1 February 2019

 

 

 

 

What Was It Like to Travel While Black During Jim Crow? | Op-Docs        NYT         1 February 2019

 

The Green Book was a critical guide for African-Americans

struggling to travel safely in the Jim Crow era.

 

This 360 degree video explores its complicated legacy.

 

This film offers a revealing view of the Green Book era

as told through Ben’s Chili Bowl,

a black-owned restaurant in Washington,

and reminds us that the humiliations

heaped upon African-Americans during that time period.

 

Sandra Butler-Truesdale, born in the capital in the 1930s,

references an often-forgotten trauma

— and one of the conceptual underpinnings of the Jim Crow era —

when she recalls that Negroes who shopped in major stores

were not allowed to try on clothing before they bought it.

 

Store owners at the time offered a variety of racist rationales,

including that Negroes were insufficiently clean.

 

At bottom, the practice reflected the irrational belief

that anything coming in contact with African-American skin

— including clothing, silverware or bed linens —

was contaminated by blackness, rendering it unfit for use by whites.

 

YouTube

https://www.youtube.com/
watch?v=7UUFn7iyymo

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

during the Jim Crow era

of racial segregation in the US >

The Negro Motorist Green Book,

published 1936-1964

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/01/25/
opinion/green-book-black-travel.html

 

http://www.theguardian.com/travel/2015/feb/27/
green-book-south-west-usa-route-66-civil-rights

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jim Crow laws

 

Jim Crow

was the name

of the racial caste system

which operated primarily,

but not exclusively

in southern and border states,

between 1877

and the mid-1960s.

 

Jim Crow

was more than a series

of rigid anti-black laws.

 

It was a way of life.

 

Under Jim Crow,

African Americans

were relegated to the status

of second class citizens.

 

Jim Crow represented

the legitimization of anti-black racism.

 

Many Christian ministers and theologians

taught that whites were the Chosen people,

blacks were cursed to be servants,

and God supported racial segregation.

 

Craniologists, eugenicists,

phrenologists, and Social Darwinists,

at every educational level,

buttressed the belief that blacks

were innately intellectually

and culturally inferior to whites.

 

Pro-segregation politicians

gave eloquent speeches

on the great danger of integration:

the mongrelization of the white race.

 

Newspaper and magazine writers

routinely referred to blacks

as niggers, coons, and darkies;

and worse, their articles reinforced

anti-black stereotypes.

 

Even children's games

portrayed blacks as inferior beings

(see "From Hostility to Reverence:

100 Years of African-American Imagery

in Games").

 

All major societal institutions

reflected and supported

the oppression of blacks.

http://www.ferris.edu/jimcrow/what.htm

 

http://americanhistory.si.edu/brown/history/1-segregated/jim-crow.html

http://www.ferris.edu/jimcrow/what.htm 

http://www.nps.gov/malu/forteachers/jim_crow_laws.htm

http://www.paralegal.net/resources/jim-crow-laws/

 

 

http://www.npr.org/blogs/codeswitch/2015/04/10/
398806751/painting-the-epic-drama-of-the-great-migration-the-work-of-jacob-lawrence

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

'boy'

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2018/11/02/
417513631/when-boys-cant-be-boys

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

"Black Codes" of Mississippi        1865

http://www.pbs.org/wnet/slavery/experience/legal/docs6.html

http://mshistorynow.mdah.state.ms.us/index.php?id=204 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > Vocapedia

 

slavery, eugenics,

race relations, racism, civil rights,

apartheid

 

 

USA > segregation > 19th-20th century > Jim Crow era > Blackface

 

 

America, USA > language > iconic words

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > History > America, USA

 

USA > 20th century > 1920s-1970s > Civil rights era

 

 

America, USA > 17th, 18th, 19th, 20th century

Slavery, Racism, Civil war, Abraham Lincoln