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Vocapedia > Space > Astronomy > Telescopes, space probes, spacecraft, spacecraft

 

 

 

 

Einstein's Telescope | Out There | The New York Times        5 March 2015

 

A century after Albert Einstein

proposed that gravity could bend light,

astronomers now rely on galaxies

or even clusters of galaxies to magnify distant stars.

 

Produced by: Jason Drakeford, Jonathan Corum and Dennis Overbye

Read the story here: http://nyti.ms/18moSty

 

YouTube

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jSwjjgfFyAg

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

astrophysicist        UK

http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/blog/audio/2009/oct/05/
science-weekly-podcast-astronomy

 

 

 

 

astronomy        UK

https://www.theguardian.com/science/astronomy 

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/2013/jan/05/
astronomy-hobby

 

 

 

 


Astronomy Photographer of the Year 2012 – in pictures        7 September 2012

 

This year's Astronomy Photographer of the Year,

run by the Royal Observatory Greenwich

in association with Sky at Night Magazine,

received a record number of entries from amateurs

and professional photographers from around the globe.

 

The awards will be announced on 19 September

and an exhibition of the winning entries

will open at the observatory on 20 September

http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/gallery/2012/sep/07/
astronomy-photographer-year-2012-pictures

 

 

 

 

astronomy > Geoffrey Burbidge        USA

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/02/07/
science/space/07burbidge.html

 

 

 

 

astronomer        UK

http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/2013/jul/15/
neptune-moon-discovered

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/2012/oct/16/
earth-like-planet-alpha-centauri

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/2010/nov/18/
wandering-star-planet-galaxy

 

 

 

 

astronomer        USA

https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2018/01/04/
575399319/astronomers-find-huge-stars-more-common-than-previously-thought

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/10/26/
560278537/scientists-spot-first-alien-space-rock-in-our-solar-system

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/02/22/
516431116/astronomers-find-7-earth-sized-planets-around-a-nearby-star

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/02/18/
515810147/have-spare-time-try-to-discover-a-planet

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/12/29/
507382675/astronomers-seeking-planet-9-hope-to-soon-catch-a-glimpse

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/01/20/
463087037/hints-of-a-hidden-distant-planet-in-our-solar-system

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2015/02/26/
389250817/astronomers-discover-a-supermassive-black-hole-dating-to-cosmic-dawn

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/05/13/
science/finder-of-new-worlds.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/02/11/
science/space/the-archaeology-of-the-stars.html

 

 

 

 

astronomer > Brian Geoffrey Marsden        1937-2010

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/11/23/us/
23marsden.html

 

 

 

 

solar astronomer > John A. Eddy

http://www.nytimes.com/2009/06/18/us/
18eddy.html

 

 

 

 

online / amateur astronomer        UK

http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/2009/jul/21/
jupiter-scar-comet-asteroid-crash

 

http://www.usatoday.com/tech/science/space/2007-01-15-
amateur-astronomers_x.htm

 

 

 

 

American Astronomical Society

http://www.aas.org/

 

 

 

 

planetary scientists        USA

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2015/07/23/
425631594/kepler-telescope-introduces-earth-to-a-very-distant-cousin

 

 

 

 

our solar system > dwarf planet >  V774104        USA

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2015/11/11/
455643251/astronomers-spot-most-distant-object-in-the-solar-system

 

 

 

 

discover        USA

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/02/18/
515810147/have-spare-time-try-to-discover-a-planet

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2015/02/26/
389250817/astronomers-discover-a-supermassive-black-hole-dating-to-cosmic-dawn

 

 

 

 

discoverer        USA

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2015/01/28/
382178361/charles-townes-laser-inventor-black-hole-discoverer-dies-at-99

 

 

 

 

spot        UK / USA

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2015/11/11/
455643251/astronomers-spot-most-distant-object-in-the-solar-system

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/2010/nov/18/
wandering-star-planet-galaxy

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

observatory        USA

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/07/22/
science/space/more-eyes-on-the-skies.html

 

 

 

 

array of observatories        USA

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/05/20/us/
20whipple.html

 

 

 

 

Deep Space Climate Observatory (Dscovr) satellite

– hanging in gravitational balance

between the Earth and the sun –        UK

http://www.theguardian.com/science/2015/jul/21/
earth-from-a-million-miles-away-dscovr-satellite-returns-groundbreaking-picture

http://www.theguardian.com/science/2015/feb/08/
spacex-ocean-landing-dscovr-satellite-launch

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

space telescope        USA

https://www.npr.org/2018/02/08/
583693730/how-to-pack-a-space-telescope

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

telescope    USA

 

https://www.npr.org/2019/08/02/
747260660/chile-and-telescopes-are-a-match-made-in-heaven

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/10/30/
499751470/nasas-new-intruder-alert-system-spots-an-incoming-asteroid

 

http://www.npr.org/2015/04/21/
400390724/construction-of-giant-telescope-in-hawaii-draws-natives-ire

http://www.npr.org/2015/02/02/
382276026/hunting-for-big-planets-far-beyond-pluto-may-soon-be-easier

 

http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/09/11/
what-our-telescopes-couldnt-see/

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2003/12/30/
science/astronomy-s-new-grail-the-1-billion-telescope.html

 

 

 

 

USA > Hawaii > Subaru telescope        USA

http://subarutelescope.org/index.html

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/12/29/
507382675/astronomers-seeking-planet-9-hope-to-soon-catch-a-glimpse

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2015/11/11/
455643251/astronomers-spot-most-distant-object-in-the-solar-system

 

 

 

 

Chile > Extremely Large Telescope        UK

http://www.theguardian.com/science/2014/jun/18/
astronomy-extremely-large-telescope-e-elt-chile-life-other-planets

 

 

 

 

Chile > Very Large Telescope        USA

http://www.npr.org/blogs/thetwo-way/2015/05/01/
403567453/pillars-of-creation-may-be-gone-in-an-eye-blink-in-cosmic-time

 

 

 

 

Bicep telescope        UK

http://www.theguardian.com/science/2014/mar/17/
gravitational-waves-bicep-inflation-big-bang

 

 

 

 

Magellan Telescope        USA

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/02/11/
science/space/the-archaeology-of-the-stars.html

 

 

 

 

 Keck telescope - Mauna Kea, a dormant volcano in Hawaii

http://www.keckobservatory.org/ 

 

http://www.theguardian.com/science/2013/oct/23/
most-distant-galaxy-star-factory

 

 

 

 

Sentinel teslescope        UK

http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2013/feb/15/
meteor-strike-asteroid-pass-sentinel-telescope

 

 

 

 

The European-Russian ExoMars spacecraft > release a lander        USA

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2016/10/16/
science/space/mars-exomars-spacecraft-arrives.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

telescope > NASA's Kepler spacecraft / planet-hunting spacecraft

searching for habitable planets

 

http://kepler.nasa.gov/

 

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/11/04/
664103262/lulus-log-the-legacy-of-kepler-space

 

https://www.theguardian.com/science/2016/jun/13/
new-jupiter-like-planet-is-largest-yet-discovered-orbiting-two-stars-kepler-1647b

https://www.theguardian.com/science/2016/may/10/
new-planets-discovered-nasa-kepler-space-telescope

https://www.theguardian.com/science/2016/apr/11/
nasa-re-establishes-solid-contact-with-kepler-spacecraft

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/07/24/
science/space/kepler-data-reveals-what-might-be-best-goldilocks-planet-yet.html

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2015/07/23/
425631594/kepler-telescope-introduces-earth-to-a-very-distant-cousin

http://www.npr.org/blogs/thetwo-way/2015/04/29/
403066358/welcome-to-the-neighborhood-2-super-earths-discovered

 

http://www.theguardian.com/science/2014/apr/17/
planet-earth-like-discovered-kepler-186f

http://www.theguardian.com/science/2014/feb/27/
nasa-finds-new-planets

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/08/16/
science/space/nasas-kepler-mended-but-may-never-fully-recover.html

http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/2013/may/16/
kepler-space-telescope-nasa

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/science/space/keplers-tally-of-planets.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/04/19/
science/space/2-new-planets-are-most-earth-like-yet-scientists-say.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/31/
science/space/31planet.html

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2011/01/31/
science/space/planet.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/08/27/
science/space/27planet.html

 

http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/science.1195778

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

spaceship > Voyagers

http://www.npr.org/2017/09/30/
554489944/the-voyager-golden-record-finally-finds-an-earthly-audience

 

 

 

 

 Lick Observatory in California > Automated Planet Finder

https://www.ucolick.org/public/telescopes/apf.html

 

http://www.npr.org/blogs/thetwo-way/2015/04/29/
403066358/welcome-to-the-neighborhood-2-super-earths-discovered

 

 

 

 

Planck telescope        UK

http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/2013/mar/21/
planck-telescope-light-big-bang-universe

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/2010/jul/05/
planck-telescope-postcard-universe

 

 

 

 

radio telescope        UK

http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/2013/jul/05/
uk-search-alien-intelligence

 

 

 

 

William E. Gordon > Arecibo Observatory

the world’s largest radio telescope        USA

http://outreach.naic.edu/ao/landing 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/02/28/us/
28gordon.html

 

 

 

 

X-ray telescope

 

 

 

 

NuSTAR X-ray observatory        USA

https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2012/06/13/
154931727/video-airborne-launch-sends-x-ray-observatory-into-earth-orbit

 

 

 

 

Fuse

- short for Far Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer

ultraviolet light-detecting space telescope        USA

http://fuse.pha.jhu.edu/ 

 

 

 

 

infrared instrument        UK

http://www.theguardian.com/science/2013/oct/23/
most-distant-galaxy-star-factory

 

 

 

 

infrared telescope        UK

http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/2009/jul/21/
jupiter-scar-comet-asteroid-crash

 

 

 

 

infrared light        USA

http://www.nytimes.com/slideshow/2009/09/09/
science/0909HUBBLE_5.html

 

 

 

 

visible light        USA

http://www.nytimes.com/slideshow/2009/09/09/
science/0909HUBBLE_5.html

 

 

 

 

short ultraviolet wavelengths

 

 

 

 

radiotelescope

 

 

 

 

electromagnetic spectrum

 

 

 

 

gamma rays

http://glast.gsfc.nasa.gov/public/

 

 

 

 

USA > NASA

Gamma-ray Large Area Space Telescope (Glast) telescope        UK / USA        2008

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2008/06/12/
science/space/12gamma.html

http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/2008/jun/11/
starsgalaxiesandplanets.particlephysics

 

 

 

 

radio waves        USA

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/08/29/
obituaries/ruby-payne-scott-overlooked.html

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/01/05/
508354203/mystery-radio-waves-are-coming-from-a-dwarf-galaxy-far-far-away-scientists-say

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/02/24/
467975762/in-a-far-off-galaxy-a-clue-to-whats-causing-
strange-bursts-of-radio-waves

 

 

 

 

orbiting observatory

 

 

 

 

orbiting telescopes        UK

http://www.theguardian.com/science/2013/nov/22/
gamma-ray-burst-monster-explosion

 

 

 

 

Radio telescope makes space history        UK        14 May 1960

 

The British radio telescope

at Jodrell Bank in Cheshire

has set a new space record making contact

with the American Pioneer V satellite

at a distance of 407,000 miles.

 

The previous record,

about 290,000 miles,

was set by

the Soviet satellite Lunik III,

which photographed

the back of the Moon last year.

 

Jodrell first made contact with Pioneer V

after it went into orbit around the Sun,

between the paths of Earth and Venus.

 

The American satellite was launched

from Cape Canaveral in Florida

three days ago on 11 March.

http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/march/14/
newsid_2566000/2566961.stm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Parker solar probe        UK

https://www.theguardian.com/science/2018/aug/10/
mission-to-touch-the-sun-nasa-to-launch-parker-solar-probe

 

 

 

 

probe > NASA

NASA Plans To Launch A Probe Next Year To 'Touch The Sun'        USA

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/05/31/
530743287/nasa-plans-to-launch-a-probe-next-year-to-touch-the-sun

 

 

 

 

NASA’s Voyager Probes        USA

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/08/03/
magazine/the-loyal-engineers-steering-nasas-voyager-probes-across-the-universe.html

 

 

 

 

Voyager            USA

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/09/05/
opinion/pondering-voyagers-interstellar-journeys-and-our-own.html

 

 

 

 

probe > Lisa Pathfinder >  gravitational waves

http://sci.esa.int/lisa-pathfinder/

 

http://www.theguardian.com/science/2015/nov/21/
satellite-to-solve-einstein-last-theory

 

 

 

 

probe / spacecraft > NASA > Cassini        USA

http://saturn.jpl.nasa.gov/

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2015/10/27/
452299131/nasa-spacecraft-skims-past-saturns-icy-moon

 

 

 

 

probe > NASA’s Dawn spacecraft

http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/dawn/main/index.html

 

http://www.npr.org/blogs/thetwo-way/2015/03/06/
391028906/nasa-probe-to-arrive-at-dwarf-planet

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2015/01/13/
science/space/photos-of-ceres-from-nasa-dawn.html  

http://www.theguardian.com/science/2015/mar/01/
dawn-ceres-nasa-probe-enter-dwarf-planet-orbit

 

 

 

 

NASA > Messenger        USA

http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/messenger/main/index.html

 

http://www.npr.org/blogs/thetwo-way/2015/04/30/
403279933/kill-the-messenger-nasa-orbiter-set-to-crash-into-mercury-thursday

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2015/04/30/
science/space/messenger-collides-with-mercury.html

 

 

 

 

ESA > lander > Philae        USA

https://www.nytimes.com/2015/06/15/
world/philae-spacecraft-reawakens-on-a-speeding-comet-with-data-for-scientists.html 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NASA spacecraft / robotic probe > New Horizons - launched in 2006        UK / USA

 

https://www.npr.org/2019/01/01/
681414470/4-billion-miles-from-the-sun-a-spacecraft-sends-early-pictures-of-a-tiny-planet

 

 

 

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/12/31/
675722234/way-beyond-pluto-an-icy-world-is-ready-for-its-close-up

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/12/30/
science/nasa-new-horizons-kuiper-belt.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/08/29/
science/nasa-new-horizons.html

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2018/02/11/
584944598/photos-these-images-were-captured-nearly-3-8-billion-miles-from-earth

 

 

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/07/18/
science/space/pluto-terrain-yields-big-surprises-in-new-horizons-images.html

 

http://www.theguardian.com/science/2015/jul/04/
nasa-probe-new-horizons-pluto-charon

 

http://www.theguardian.com/science/2015/apr/11/
pluto-new-horizons-spaceship-epic-encounter-planet

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

space probe / spacecraft        UK

https://www.theguardian.com/science/2016/jul/01/
juno-space-probe-prepares-to-arrive-at-jupiter-after-five-years-and-18m-miles-nasa

 

 

 

 

Nasa’s spacecraft > Juno space probe        UK

https://www.theguardian.com/science/2016/jul/01/
juno-space-probe-prepares-to-arrive-at-jupiter-after-five-years-and-18m-miles-nasa

 

 

 

 

 Rosetta space probe        UK

http://www.theguardian.com/science/rosetta-space-probe

 

http://www.theguardian.com/science/2015/jul/30/
rosetta-probe-studies-released-revealing-fullest-picture-of-comet-yet

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Time Covers - The 50S

TIME cover 12-08-1952

Space Pioneer

w. artist's rendering of future space exploration vessel

 

Date taken: December 8, 1952

 

Photographer: Boris Artzybasheff

Life Image

http://images.google.com/hosted/life/3397e86687427e33.html

 

Related

Time        Vol. LX No. 23        December 8, 1952

http://www.time.com/time/covers/0,16641,1101521208,00.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lights on Earth Impede

Arizona’s Eyes on Space

 

May 19, 2011

The New York Times

By MARC LACEY

 

MOUNT HOPKINS, Ariz. — There is no Border Patrol in space. But the very earthly cat-and-mouse game between smugglers and America’s border agents is affecting the exploration of space, lighting up the nighttime sky in southern Arizona and making astronomers strain even harder to figure out the mysteries of the universe.

Arizona is an astronomy haven with an array of prestigious observatories taking advantage of the state’s dry weather, minimal cloud cover and dark skies. But the state’s astronomers worry about a variety of threats — border enforcement among them — to the pristine conditions that have allowed them to discover new planets, gain important insights into how the universe functions and generate hundreds of millions of dollars annually in economic return.

Drug smugglers and illegal immigrants making their way north are sometimes visible to astronomers at the Fred Lawrence Whipple Observatory here who take a break from gazing skyward to look around the rough, wooded terrain. But it is not the outlaws that affect their work as much as the authorities who are after them.

A Border Patrol helicopter shining a blinding beam on a group of suspects runs the risk of interfering with valuable machinery trained upward, like the four massive telescopes, known as Veritas or the Very Energetic Radiation Telescope Array System, that measure gamma rays. “It’s happened,” said Dan Brocious, spokesman for the observatory, which is jointly run by the Smithsonian Institution and Harvard University and has operated atop this mountaintop since 1968.

The Border Patrol says that it tries to steer its helicopters clear of observatories, but that frequent staff turnover has occasionally resulted in missteps.

The checkpoints that the Border Patrol has set up around southern Arizona, complete with high-powered beams to light them up at night, have been another sore point, prompting meetings between area astronomers and agents and a pledge from the Border Patrol to reduce the wattage. The lights are among the brightest points now visible at night in the area, astronomers say.

But even car headlights can be a problem for sensitive stargazing, which is why signs along the winding road that leads to the observatory urge drivers to use only their parking lights after dark. The nearly 50 years since the Whipple Observatory was built here in the Coronado National Forest have brought retirement communities, shopping malls and assorted other developments to the area, all of which have boosted the light levels detected by astronomers scrutinizing the sky.

Wildfires are another concern in the remote areas where the observatories are located. In 2005, a fire that was caused by a lightning strike came within less than a mile of the Whipple Observatory, which had to be evacuated until firefighters, aided by a sudden rainstorm, were able to control it.

Earlier this year, a fire west of Nogales prompted a brief closing of the MMT Observatory, which is also atop Mount Hopkins. The observatory’s large telescope, 21 feet in diameter, is the 14th largest in the world and is sought after by researchers looking into deep space. Besides less-than-optimal viewing conditions caused by the fire, operators were worried about the buildup of ash on the lens.

Well after the sun has set, from 8,500 feet up on Mount Hopkins, the second-highest peak in the Santa Rita Range, one can observe both the majestic nature of the universe and the threats to the stargazing that has long gone on here. Competing with moonlight are street lights, traffic lights, security lights and innumerable other forms of illumination. To the north is the Tucson skyline, a vast expanse of soft white and yellow light, which has been managed by municipal dark-sky restrictions and has not grown in intensity anywhere near as fast as the population.

Astronomers are a powerful lobby here when it comes to keeping the skies dark at night, and nearby Tucson is the headquarters for the International Dark-Sky Association, which attempts to press for light restrictions around the world. “Light pollution is an issue all over the world,” said Paul J. Groot, an astronomer from the Netherlands who was conducting research on the source of X-rays from other galaxies at the MMT Observatory this week. “It limits our deep observation of the night sky.”

An open-pit copper mine that is proposed for an area southeast of Tucson and would operate around the clock has alarmed dark-sky advocates, even though the Rosemont Copper Company has said it plans to abide by Pima County’s restrictions on light pollution.

“When these observatories were selected, there was hardly anyone living here,” Mr. Brocious said atop the mountain as darkness and light seemed to compete in all directions. “Tucson was a sleepy little cow town back then. There’s nothing sleepy about it now.”

Lights on Earth Impede Arizona’s Eyes on Space,
NYT,
19.5.2011,
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/05/20/us/
20whipple.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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space, astronomy