Les anglonautes

About | Search | Grammar | Vocapedia | Learning | Docs | Stats | History | News podcasts - Videos | Images | Arts | Science | Translate

 Previous Home Up Next


Vocapedia > Sports > Olympics




United States' Missy Franklin

competes in a women's 200-meter backstroke swimming heat

at the Aquatics Centre in the Olympic Park

during the 2012 Summer Olympics, Aug. 2, 2012.


Daniel Ochoa De Olza/Associated Press


Boston Globe > Big Picture

London 2012 Olympics (Update)
















the Olympics        UK






International Olympic Committee    IOC








Olympic flame / torch > carry the flame









Q&A: the Olympic torch        21 May 2012






Olympics Games > London        2012






British Olympic records set in digital archive        16 May 2012


Website reveals

British documents and images for every Olympics,

from Berlin boycott concerns to failed hosting bids








2012 Olympic Games in London






Related > BBC World Service > Podcasts > Sporting Witness


Great Sporting Moments in Olympic History

Stories of endurance, world records and remarkable athletes






Olympic park










at Olympics





Olympics champion





Olympics medallist





Olympic record        UK






defend his / her Olympic title        UK






Olympics stars of yesteryear        USA        2010






The shameful legacy of the Olympic Games


In 1936, Berlin hosted the Olympics

and Hitler asked director Leni Riefenstahl to film them.


The result was a cinematic coup,

but with sinister overtones






From the archive, 3 August 1936:

Herr Hitler opens the Berlin Olympics


Suddenly a forest of arms shot out,

and the German spectators

broke into a deafening roar of applause






win Olympic silver medal






win Olympic gold






strike gold






take the gold medal in the men's 10,000m race





















Olympic Games closing ceremony        12 August 2012

































biathlon        USA






pentathlon        USA











Alice Coachman, 90, Dies;

Groundbreaking Medalist


JULY 14, 2014

The New York Times



Alice Coachman, who became the first black woman to win an Olympic gold medal when she captured the high jump for the United States at the 1948 London Games, died on Monday in Albany, Ga. She was 90.

Her daughter, Evelyn Jones, said she had been treated at a nursing home for a stroke in recent months and went into cardiac arrest after being transferred to a hospital on Monday with breathing difficulties.

Coachman (who was later known as Alice Coachman Davis) received her medal from King George VI. She was invited aboard a British Royal yacht, she was congratulated by President Harry S. Truman at the White House, and Count Basie gave a party for her. She was lauded in a motorcade that wound its way through Georgia from Atlanta to her hometown, Albany.

But she had returned to a segregated South. Blacks and whites were seated separately in the Albany city auditorium when she was honored there. The mayor sat on the stage with her but would not shake her hand, and she had to leave by a side door.

As a youngster in Albany, she had run and jumped barefoot, using ropes and sticks for makeshift high jumps. She had not been allowed to train at athletic fields with whites.

“You had to run up and down the red roads and the dirt roads,” Coachman told The Kansas City Star. “You went out there in the fields, where there was a lot of grass and no track. No nothing.”

At a time when there were few high-profile black athletes beyond Jackie Robinson and Joe Louis, Coachman became a pioneer. She led the way for female African-American Olympic track stars like Wilma Rudolph, Evelyn Ashford, Florence Griffith Joyner and Jackie Joyner-Kersee.

“I made a difference among the blacks, being one of the leaders,” she told The New York Times in 1996. “If I had gone to the Games and failed, there wouldn’t be anyone to follow in my footsteps. It encouraged the rest of the women to work harder and fight harder.”

Alice Marie Coachman, one of 10 children, was born in Albany on Nov. 9, 1923, to Fred and Evelyn Coachman. She ran track and played baseball and softball with the boys when she was young, but her father, a plasterer, was angered by her refusal to be ladylike and sometimes whipped her for pursuing athletics.

She saw little prospect of an athletic career and thought of becoming a musician or a dancer, having been enthralled by the saxophonist Coleman Hawkins and by Shirley Temple. But she was encouraged by a fifth-grade teacher and an aunt to continue in sports, and she came to the attention of the Tuskegee Institute in Alabama while competing for her high school track and field team in Albany.

Coachman moved to Tuskegee and competed for the institute’s high school and college teams and later for Albany State College (now Albany State University). She captured the Amateur Athletic Union high jump championship 10 consecutive times, from 1939 to 1948, and the union’s 50-meter outdoor title from 1943 to 1947. She also won national championships in the 100-meter dash and the 4x100-meter relay.

But Coachman had to wait until 1948 to compete in the Olympics; the 1940 and 1944 Games were canceled because of World War II. On a rainy afternoon at Wembley Stadium in London in August 1948, she vied for gold in the high jump with Dorothy Tyler of Britain. They both cleared 5 feet 6 1/8 inches, but Coachman won because she did it on her first try. Micheline Ostermeyer of France was third.

Coachman, the only American woman to win gold in track and field at the London Games, remembered the moment long afterward.

“I saw it on the board, ‘A. Coachman, U.S.A., Number One,’ ” she told NPR. “I went on, stood up there, and they started playing the national anthem. It was wonderful to hear.”

Coachman’s track and field career ended with the 1948 Olympics, when she was 24. She raised a family, became an elementary and high school teacher, and created the Alice Coachman Track and Field Foundation to aid young athletes and former competitors in financial need.

She is survived by her daughter and a son, Richmond, from her first marriage, to N. F. Davis, which ended in divorce; a sister, Dicena Rambo; one grandchild; and two great-grandchildren. Her second husband, Frank Davis, died about five years ago, her daughter said.

Coachman was inducted into the United States Olympic Hall of Fame and the National Track and Field Hall of Fame. There is an Alice Coachman Elementary School in Albany.

Coachman faded from public view after the 1948 Olympics, but her pride remained undiminished.

“Go anyplace and people will tell you Wilma Rudolph was the first black woman to win a medal — it’s not true,” she said in an interview with The Birmingham News in 1997, referring to Rudolph’s three gold medals in the sprints at the Rome Olympics. “She came on the scene 12 years later. But she was on television.”

A version of this article appears in print on July 15, 2014, on page A23 of the New York edition with the headline: Alice Coachman, 90, Dies; Groundbreaking Medalist.

Alice Coachman, 90, Dies; Groundbreaking Medalist,






Jones Stripped of Olympics Medals


December 12, 2007

Filed at 8:53 a.m. ET

The New York Times



LAUSANNE, Switzerland (AP) -- The IOC formally stripped Marion Jones of her five Olympic medals Wednesday, wiping her name from the record books following her admission that she was a drug cheat.

The International Olympic Committee also banned the disgraced American athlete from attending next year's Beijing Olympics in any capacity and said it could bar her from future games.

Jones had already handed back the three gold medals and two bronze she won at the 2000 Sydney Olympics.

Last month, the International Association of Athletics Federations erased all of Jones' results dating to September 2000, but it was up to the IOC to formally disqualify her and take away her Olympic medals.

The decision was announced by IOC president Jacques Rogge at the end of a three-day executive board meeting.

Jones won gold medals in the 100 meters, 200 meters and 1,600-meter relay in Sydney, and bronze in the long jump and 100-meter relay. She was the first female track and field athlete to win five medals at a single Olympics.

In addition to those medals, the IOC also disqualified Jones from her seventh-place finish in the long jump at the 2004 Athens Olympics.

The IOC postponed a decision on redistributing her medals, including whether to strip her American relay teammates and to upgrade doping-tainted Greek sprinter Katerina Thanou to gold in the 100.

After long denying she ever had used performance-enhancing drugs, Jones admitted in federal court in October that she started using steroids before the Sydney Games. She said she'd used the designer steroid "the clear" from September 2000 to July 2001.

The executive board declared Jones ineligible for the Beijing Games "not only as an athlete but also in any other capacity."

Jones has retired as an athlete and is banned by U.S. officials from competition for two years. But the IOC wants to keep her from going to the Olympics as a coach or in any other role, and said she could face a lifetime Olympic ban pending the outcome of the BALCO investigation.

Jones' doping admission came as part of her guilty plea to lying to federal investigators in the BALCO case about using steroids. She will be sentenced Jan. 11 and is expected to face a term of between three and six months.

Jones becomes the fourth American athlete in Olympic history to have a medal taken away by the IOC, and the third for a doping offense.

Jerome Young was stripped of his 1,600-meter relay gold from the Sydney Games for an earlier doping violation; swimmer Rick DeMont lost his gold in the 400-meter freestyle from the 1972 Munich Games after testing positive for a banned substance in his asthma medication, and Jim Thorpe was stripped of his pentathlon and decathlon gold medals in 1912 when it was revealed he earned $25 a week playing minor league baseball. The IOC reinstated Thorpe in 1982 and returned his medals to his children the following year.

The reshuffling of Jones' medals could affect the medal status of more than three dozen other athletes.

IOC officials said they need more details from the ongoing BALCO probe to determine whether any other Olympic athletes were linked to the scandal.

There is reluctance among some IOC officials to upgrade Thanou, who finished second behind Jones in the 100. Thanou later served a two-year ban after failing to show for drug tests in the leadup to the 2004 Athens Olympics.

One option under consideration is leaving the gold medal spot vacant.

The bronze medalist in the 100 in Sydney was Tanya Lawrence, with fellow Jamaican Merlene Ottey fourth.

In the 200, Pauline Davis-Thompson of the Bahamas took the silver behind Jones. Sri Lanka's Susanthika Jayasinghe was third and Jamaica's Beverly McDonald fourth.

The IOC said it will offer Jones' eight relay teammates a hearing to make their case for keeping their medals.

The 1,600-relay team included Jearl-Miles Clark, Monique Hennagan, LaTasha Colander-Richardson and Andrea Anderson. Chryste Gaines, Torri Edwards, Nanceen Perry and Passion Richardson were on the 400-relay squad.

Jamaica took silver behind the United States in the 1,600 relay. Russia was third and Nigeria fourth. In the 400 relay, France was fourth behind the Americans.

Jones Stripped of Olympics Medals,






Olympic Great Al Oerter Dies at 71


October 1, 2007

Filed at 12:49 p.m. ET

The New York Times



FORT MYERS, Fla. (AP) -- Al Oerter, the discus great who won gold medals in four straight Olympics to become one of track and fields biggest stars in the 1950s and '60s, died Monday. He was 71.

Oerter died at a hospital near his Fort Myers Beach home, his wife Cathy Oerter said. He had dealt with high blood pressure since he was young and has struggled with heart problems, she said.

''He was a gentle giant,'' she said. ''He was bigger than life.''

Oerter won gold medals in 1956, 1960, 1964 and 1968. Oerter and Carl Lewis are the only track and field stars to capture the same event in four consecutive Olympics. Oerter, however, is the only one to set an Olympic record in each of his victories.

Born in New York City, Oerter eschewed coaching and conventional training methods to mold himself into a fierce competitor who performed his best when the stakes were highest.

''I can remember those games truly as if they were a week ago,'' Oerter told The Associated Press last year.

In Melbourne in 1956, Oerter threw 184 feet, 11 inches on his first toss and watched in amazement when nobody else, including teammate and world-record holder Fortune Gordien, came close to beating him.

He came from behind to win again in Rome, and overcame torn rib cartilage and other injuries to make it three in a row at the Tokyo Games in 1964.

At 32, he was a long shot in the 1968 field headed by world-record holder Jay Silvester. However, Oerter responded with a personal-best 212 feet, 11 inches to leave Mexico City with the gold.

He came out of retirement and won a spot as an alternate on the 1980 team that didn't compete because of the boycott ordered by President Carter.

Later in life, Oerter discovered a new passion and took up abstract painting.

Oerter maintained a tie to the Olympic movement through Art of the Olympians, a program he founded to give him and other former Olympians who've taken up art to showcase their work.

''Al approached the art world the same way he approached the sports world,'' said friend and former Olympian Liston Bochette. ''He studied it. He analyzed it. And he sought excellence in the arts.''

Olympic Great Al Oerter Dies at 71,
http://www.nytimes.com/aponline/sports/AP-OLY-Obit-Oerter.html - broken link










Related > Anglonautes > Vocapedia







Related > USA > NPR's Olympics coverage > The Torch