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Vocapedia > USA > Violence, Crime > Violent crime, Murder, Killing, Police

 

 

 

Chris Gash

 

Why Can’t Doctors Identify Killers?

The Opinion Pages | Op-Ed Contributor

By RICHARD A. FRIEDMAN    NYT        MAY 27, 2014

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/05/28/
opinion/why-cant-doctors-identify-killers.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

multiple offender

 

 

 

 

batterer

 

 

 

 

criminal enterprise

 

 

 

 

collect "street tax"

 

 

 

 

run gambling operations

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


U.S. & Politics - Retro Report

 

Remembering Kitty

 

More than 50 years

after the murder of Kitty Genovese

became a symbol of urban apathy,

her partner, Mary Ann Zielonko,

remembers Kitty’s life and impact.

 

NYT        By RETRO REPORT | Apr. 10, 2016 | 2:56

http://www.nytimes.com/video/us/100000004318628/remembering-kitty.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

murder

 

 

 

 

murder

 

https://www.npr.org/2019/04/24/
716647585/texas-to-execute-man-convicted-in-dragging-death-of-james-byrd-jr

 

 

 

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/02/08/
584085035/atlanta-monster-podcast-hopes-to-close-the-door-on-1970s-child-murders

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/01/13/
opinion/sunday/two-lessons-of-the-urban-crime-decline.html

 

 

 

 

https://www.npr.org/2017/12/08/
568929063/simon-s-rock-shooting-anniversary

http://www.npr.org/2017/10/31/
560930367/baltimore-police-overhaul-challenged-by-murder-crisis

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/09/26/
opinion/murder-rate-crime.html

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/03/28/
521805165/white-supremacist-charged-with-terrorism-over-murder-of-black-man

 

http://www.npr.org/2016/06/02/
480442769/the-witness-looks-back-at-those-accused-of-ignoring-a-murder

http://www.nytimes.com/video/us/100000004318628/
remembering-kitty.html - April 10, 2016

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/04/07/nyregion/queens-
neighborhood-still-haunted-by-kitty-genoveses-murder.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/01/03/
opinion/sunday/murder-isnt-black-or-white.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/12/04/us/
terrorism-debate-san-bernardino-shooting.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/06/13/us/
after-freddie-gray-death-west-baltimores-police-presence-drops-and-murders-soar.html

http://www.npr.org/2015/03/30/
395069137/open-cases-why-one-third-of-murders-in-america-go-unresolved

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/01/01/nyregion/
new-york-city-murders-fall-but-the-police-arent-celebrating.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/12/29/nyregion/
414-homicides-is-a-record-low-for-new-york.html

 

 

 

 

murder rate

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/01/13/
opinion/sunday/two-lessons-of-the-urban-crime-decline.html

 

 

 

 

double murder

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/07/27/us/
2-targeted-sex-offender-to-be-killed-officials-say.html

 

 

 

 

cold-blooded murder

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/01/13/
opinion/sunday/a-cold-case-of-cold-blooded-murder.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

racist murder

 

https://www.npr.org/2019/04/24/
716647585/texas-to-execute-man-convicted-in-dragging-death-of-james-byrd-jr

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

murder rap

 

 

 

 

Sylvie Cachay murder        9 December 2010

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/02/06/
fashion/06soho.html

 

 

 

 

Sharon Tate murder        9.8.1969        UK

http://www.theguardian.com/theguardian/1969/aug/11/fromthearchive 

 

 

 

 

Wineville Chicken Coop Murders        1928

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wineville_Chicken_Coop_Murders

 

http://movies.nytimes.com/2008/10/24/
movies/24chan.html

 

 

 

 

murder-suicide

http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2007-11-23-
murder-suicide_N.htm

 

http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2006-09-02-
university-shooting_x.htm

 

 

 

 

suicide

http://www.usatoday.com/tech/news/2008-11-22-
internet-suicide-reaction_N.htm

 

http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2006-10-18-
dismembered_x.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

mass killings

https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/11/20/
508186963/charles-manson-cult-leader-of-brutal-1969-murders-dies

 

 

 

 

mass murder

http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2006-06-01-
indianapolis-slayings_x.htm

 

 

 

 

mass murderer

https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/11/20/
508186963/charles-manson-cult-leader-of-brutal-1969-murders-dies

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/09/15/nyregion/
julio-gonzalez-arsonist-who-killed-87-at-new-york-club-in-90-dies-at-61.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

foul play

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/10/29/
arts/29blount.html

 

http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/lanow/2009/07/
foul-play-possible-in-michael-jacksons-death-joe-jackson-says.html

 

http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2006-04-26-
student-landfill_x.htm

 

 

 

 

meet with foul play

http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2006-07-25-
missing-women_x.htm

 

 

 

 

first-degree murder

 

 

 

 

murderer

https://www.npr.org/templates/
story/story.php?storyId=129175964 - August 21, 2010

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/04/13/
magazine/the-paramedic-murderer-of-narrowsburg-ny.html

http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2014/01/29/
meetings-with-a-murderer/

 

 

 

 

charge N with first-degree murder

http://www.nytimes.com/2008/07/28/us/
28shooting.html

 

 

 

 

be charged with murder

http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2006-03-20-
officer-death_x.htm

 

 

 

 

be charged with five counts of homicide

http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2009-07-18-
tennessee-slayings_N.htm

 

 

 

 

be charged with conspiracy to commit murder and auto theft

http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2006-01-08-
richmond-killings_x.htm

 

 

 

 

maintain one's innocence

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

homicide

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/07/21/
538518569/cdc-half-of-all-female-murder-victims-are-killed-by-intimate-partners

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/08/26/us/
2-nuns-are-killed-in-mississippi-the-sweetest-people-to-ever-draw-a-breath.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/08/02/nyregion/
staten-island-man-died-from-officers-chokehold-autopsy-finds.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/03/26/
opinion/brooks-the-killing-chain.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/12/29/nyregion/
414-homicides-is-a-record-low-for-new-york.html

 

http://www.usatoday.com/news/topstories/2007-11-18-
2799115018_x.htm

 

 

 

 

homicide > female victims

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/07/21/
538518569/cdc-half-of-all-female-murder-victims-are-killed-by-intimate-partners

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

massacre

http://www.npr.org/2016/01/20/
463740407/supreme-court-restores-death-sentences-for-kansas-inmates

 

 

 

 

gruesome

http://www.npr.org/2016/01/20/
463740407/supreme-court-restores-death-sentences-for-kansas-inmates

 

 

 

 

cruelty

http://www.npr.org/2016/01/20/
463740407/supreme-court-restores-death-sentences-for-kansas-inmates

 

 

 

 

depravity

http://www.npr.org/2016/01/20/
463740407/supreme-court-restores-death-sentences-for-kansas-inmates

 

 

 

 

savagery

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/08/26/us/
2-nuns-are-killed-in-mississippi-the-sweetest-people-to-ever-draw-a-breath.html

 

 

 

 

evil

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/08/26/us/
2-nuns-are-killed-in-mississippi-the-sweetest-people-to-ever-draw-a-breath.html

 

 

 

 

hate crime

https://www.npr.org/2018/11/02/
662906966/he-was-shot-in-a-hate-crime-it-only-strengthened-his-judaism

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/04/09/
opinion/mr-trump-reopens-the-wounds-of-a-hate-crime.html

 

 

 

 

urban crime

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/01/13/
opinion/sunday/two-lessons-of-the-urban-crime-decline.html

 

 

 

 

slaughter

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/04/04/us/
oikos-university-gunman-lined-up-victims.html

 

 

 

 

manslaughter

 

 

 

 

manslaughter Inquiry Into N

http://www.nytimes.com/2009/07/24/us/
24jackson.html

 

 

 

 

slay

http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2006-10-02-
amish-shooting_x.htm

 

 

 

 

be slain

 

 

 

 

slaying

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/09/28/
554249451/killer-clown-suspect-arrested-27-years-after-bizarre-slaying

 

 

 

 

slain

http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2006-11-27-
police-shooting-groom_x.htm

http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2006-10-14-iowa-
shooting_x.htm

http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2006-10-08-
standoff-benefit_x.htm

http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2006-09-23-illinois-
kids_x.htm

 

 

 

 

slay

 

 

 

 

slaying

http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2006-10-03-
amish-seclusion_x.htm

http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2006-07-28-
colorado-killer_x.htm

http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2006-03-12-nyc-
murder_x.htm

 

 

 

 

body parts sales

http://www.usatoday.com/money/2006-10-19-
body-parts_x.htm

 

 

 

 

be drenched in blood        UK

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2007/jan/15/
books.usa 

 

 

 

 

cook

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

kill

http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2007-01-03-
school-shooting_x.htm

 

http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2006-12-24-
mall-shooting_x.htm

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2006/nov/27/usa.
julianborger 

 

 

 

 

kill list

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/07/27/us/
2-targeted-sex-offender-to-be-killed-officials-say.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dylann Roof appeared via video link

at a bond hearing in North Charleston, S.C.,

after the church shooting in June 2015.

 

Pool photo by Grace Beahm

 

Why Do Killers Represent Themselves? Ego, Ideology, Paranoia ...

By RICHARD PÉREZ-PEÑA        NYT        JAN. 5, 2017

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/05/us/
dylann-roof-killers-defense-lawyers.html
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

killer

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/05/us/
dylann-roof-killers-defense-lawyers.html

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/06/16/
482323615/fbi-asks-for-tips-in-decades-old-cold-case-of-golden-state-killer

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/05/28/
opinion/why-cant-doctors-identify-killers.html

 

http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2006-07-30-colorado-
calls_x.htm

http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2006-07-28-colorado-
killer_x.htm

http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2006-06-01-indianapolis-
slayings_x.htm

 

 

 

 

cop killer

http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2006-09-28-florida-
deputies_x.htm

 

 

 

 

child killer

http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2006-07-27-
murdersclaimed_x.htm

 

 

 

 

juvenile killer

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/04/21/us/
21juvenile.html

 

 

 

 

road-rage killer

http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2013/07/31/
killer-executed-texas/2606763/

 

 

 

 

The East Area Rapist.

The Original Night Stalker.

The Diamond Knot Killer.

The Golden State Killer.

 

Over the course of a decade,

beginning in June 1976,

the unknown man

terrorized several communities

in California.

 

He raped at least 45 women,

killed at least 12 people

and burglarized

more than 120 homes.

 

His victims were anywhere

from 13 to 41 years old.

 

The FBI describes him

as "violent and elusive."

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/06/16/
482323615/fbi-asks-for-tips-in-decades-old-cold-case-of-golden-state-killer

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/06/16/
482323615/fbi-asks-for-tips-in-decades-old-cold-case-of-golden-state-killer

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

strangler > The Boston strangler case

 

The Boston Strangler

first struck on June 14, 1962

and the panic that gripped the city lasted

until after the last victim died on Jan. 4, 1964.

 

The fear led to a run on door locks

and other security measures,

and many women stopped

venturing out at night

and feared staying alone.

 

Thirteen women were murdered

and no one was ever convicted of the crimes.

http://archive.boston.com/news/local/
massachusetts/specials/boston_strangler/  1962-1964

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/07/12/us/
dna-evidence-identified-in-boston-strangler-case.html

http://thelede.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/07/11/
documentary-uncovers-detectives-persistence-in-boston-strangler-case/

http://archive.boston.com/news/local/
massachusetts/specials/boston_strangler/  1962-1964

 

 

 

 

be strangled

https://www.nytimes.com/2016/03/06/
nyregion/murder-of-garrett-phillips-in-potsdam-new-york.html 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

predator

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/10/17/us/
jessica-ridgeways-killing-leaves-community-heartbroken-and-edgy.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Edward Theodore "Ed" Gein    1906-1984

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ed_Gein 

 

 

 

 

killing

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/02/19/nyregion/
in-a-bronx-police-precinct-homicides-persist-as-crime-drops-elsewhere.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/08/26/nyregion/
2-are-held-in-manhattan-violinists-death-in-western-new-york-robbery.html

 

 

 

 

domestic killings

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/04/10/nyregion/
murder-40-bronx-new-york.html

 

 

 

 

domestic violence

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/07/01/
opinion/the-deadly-mix-of-guns-and-domestic-violence.html

 

 

 

 

grisly killings

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/08/15/nyregion/
connecticut-death-penalty-ruling-stirs-painful-memories-of-3-grisly-killings.html

 

 

 

 

Petit Family Killings        2007

https://www.nytimes.com/topic/person/petit-family-killings

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/09/20/nyregion/
2nd-trial-in-cheshire-conn-home-invasion-to-begin.html

 

 

 

 

copycat killings

http://www.philly.com/mld/inquirer/news/front/15664076.htm

 

 

 

 

random killings

http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2006-08-04-arizona-
investigation_x.htm

 

 

 

 

violence

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/09/28/
495798448/what-meerkat-murder-tells-us-about-human-violence

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/12/09/us/
violence-revisits-virginia-tech-after-two-are-killed-in-shooting.html

 

 

 

 

"RV" — Random Recreational Violence

http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2006-08-05-
phoenix-friends_x.htm

 

 

 

 

rampage

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/02/12/
nyregion/12stab.html

 

 

 

 

hanging

http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2007-05-29-
children-killed_N.htm

 

 

 

 

dead

http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2006-12-18-missouri-
deaths_x.htm

http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2006-09-23-illinois-
kids_x.htm

http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2006-09-03-newark-
shooting_x.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

George Whitmore Jr.,

Falsely Confessed

to 3 Murders in 1964,

Dies at 68

 

October 15, 2012

The New York Times

By PAUL VITELLO

 

George Whitmore Jr., an eighth-grade dropout who confessed in 1964 to three New York murders that he did not commit, and whose case became instrumental in establishing historic legal reforms — including the Supreme Court’s 1966 “Miranda” ruling, which protects criminal suspects, and the partial repeal of capital punishment in New York State — died on Oct. 8 in a Wildwood, N.J., nursing home. He was 68.

The cause was a heart attack, his daughter Regina Whitmore said.

Mr. Whitmore was 19 in April 1964 when he was first picked up on a Brooklyn street, in Brownsville, for questioning about an attempted rape in the neighborhood the night before. A soft-spoken young man, he had grown up in a house in a junkyard that his father owned in Wildwood, N.J. He had tried hard in school but dropped out at 17, moved to Brooklyn and was waiting for a ride to work when the police pulled their car over and started asking him questions.

He would later tell interviewers that he had secretly been pleased at being asked for help in solving a crime, and at the prospect of having a good yarn to tell his friends.

But when his interrogation ended several days later, Mr. Whitmore had confessed to the attempted rape, and to the rape-murder a few weeks earlier of another woman in the neighborhood, Minnie Edmonds. He had also confessed to the double murder in Manhattan, on Aug. 28, 1963, of two women whose bodies were found bound and stabbed numerous times in the apartment they shared on East 88th Street.

Called “the Career Girl Murders” in newspaper headlines, the killings of Janice Wylie, 21, a researcher at Newsweek magazine, and Emily Hoffert, 23, a schoolteacher, had been the focus of an eight-month investigation.

Mr. Whitmore recanted his confession, and he consistently claimed afterward that the police had beaten him and that he had signed the confession without knowing what it was. He said he was innocent. And in the case of the Wylie-Hoffert slayings, he said, he could provide the names of a dozen people who saw him on that day and who would remember it, because it was the day of the civil rights march on Washington, when Martin Luther King Jr. gave his “I Have a Dream” speech. He and everybody else in Wildwood had watched it on television and talked about it incessantly, all day, he said.

In 1964, Mr. Whitmore was convicted by a Brooklyn jury on the charges of attempted rape. Though the verdict was overturned because jurors were found to have been reading newspaper accounts of the case, which referred to Mr. Whitmore as the “prime suspect” in the Career Girl Murders, he was tried a second time. He was convicted again, but the verdict was again thrown out, on different grounds.

By 1965, Manhattan prosecutors had evidence that Mr. Whitmore was wrongly accused in the Wylie-Hoffert murders. They had linked the brutal slayings to Richard Robles, a recently released prisoner who would later be convicted of the crime, and who remains in prison.

Still, while Mr. Whitmore now faced a second trial, in the murder of Ms. Edmonds, his indictment in the Wylie-Hoffert case remained in place. News accounts said that by refusing to dismiss the indictment, prosecutors hoped to deny Mr. Whitmore’s defense lawyers an argument: that the dismissal of the double-murder indictment proved it had been coerced, and that Mr. Whitmore’s confession to the Edmonds murder, elicited in the same long interrogation, had therefore been coerced, too.

Selwyn Raab, a reporter then for The New York World-Telegram and Sun, and later for The New York Times, had found a dozen witnesses who remembered seeing Mr. Whitmore in Wildwood on the day of the double murder. They had bumped into him in the homes of friends and relatives while watching Dr. King’s speech, Mr. Raab wrote in a front-page story in The World-Telegram.

“Whitmore’s case showed how fragile the whole system was, and still is,” Mr. Raab said in an interview on Sunday. “Even now, police use the same techniques to manipulate suspects into giving false confessions. And 90 percent of convictions are still based on confessions.”

The police and prosecutors at the time denied any misconduct. Legal reformers asked Gov. Nelson A. Rockefeller, a Republican, to appoint a panel to investigate, but he declined.

Yet Mr. Whitmore’s legal troubles were far from over. With the Manhattan district attorney still refusing to clear him entirely in the Wylie-Hoffert case, Mr. Whitmore went to trial for the murder of Minnie Edmonds, solely on the evidence of his “confession.”

In the debate in the New York State Legislature over a proposal to abolish the death penalty, Mr. Whitmore’s case became a warning cry against the killing of innocents. “In Whitmore’s case,” said Assemblyman Bertram L. Podell of Brooklyn, “we have learned to our shock and horror that a 61-page statement of completely detailed confession was manufactured and force-fed to this accused.”

Governor Rockefeller signed a bill in 1965 abolishing capital punishment, except in the killing of police officers. (The death penalty was reinstated in 1995, and declared unconstitutional in 2004.) The Supreme Court cited Mr. Whitmore’s case as “the most conspicuous example” of police coercion in the country when it issued its 1966 ruling establishing a set of protections for suspects, like the right to remain silent, in “Miranda v. Arizona.”

Mr. Whitmore was tried several times in the murder of Ms. Edmonds, with each trial ending in a hung jury.

As a result of the various cases in which he had become entangled, he was in and out of prison, for months and years at a time, until April 10, 1973, when the Brooklyn district attorney, Eugene Gold, dismissed the last case against him — a retrial of the attempted rape case — with new evidence exonerating Mr. Whitmore. On his release from custody that day, Mr. Whitmore said that what he felt was “just beyond expressing,” adding “I’m not bitter. I appreciate greatly what the D.A. did.”

His life after prison was marked by depression and alcoholism, said T. J. English, author of “The Savage City: Race, Murder and a Generation on the Edge,” in which Mr. Whitmore’s life is chronicled.

Mr. Whitmore moved back to Wildwood, operated a commercial fishing boat for a time, and was later disabled in a boating accident. He was unemployed for long stretches.

Mr. Whitmore’s daughter Regina said he had children but never married.

Besides her, she said, his survivors include three other daughters, Aida, Sonya and Tonya, and two sons, George and James, all of whom have taken the name Whitmore, and more than 20 grandchildren.

“He told us about what happened to him,” she said. “But he said he never held it against anybody. He was always a very sweet man with us. He wanted us to grow up happy.”



This article has been revised

to reflect the following correction:

Correction: October 15, 2012

An earlier version of the headline with this article

incorrectly stated the number of murders

to which Mr. Whitmore confessed.

It was three, not two.

George Whitmore Jr.,
Falsely Confessed to 3 Murders in 1964, Dies at 68,
NYT,
15.10.2012,
http://www.nytimes.com/2012/10/16/nyregion/
george-whitmore-jr-68-dies-falsely-confessed-to-2-murders-in-1964.html

 

 

 

 

 

Foul Play Unlikely

in Student's Death

 

September 11, 2007

Filed at 1:20 a.m. ET

The New York Times

By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS

 

PROVO, Utah (AP) -- An autopsy done on the body of a student found dead in a canyon after an extensive search has turned up no evidence that her death was a homicide, police said Monday.

Results of the autopsy conducted Monday on Camille Cleverley's body were not immediately released, and the investigation was continuing, but Provo police Capt. Cliff Argyle said, ''Nothing we have found so far has pointed us toward foul play.''

The body of the 22-year-old Brigham Young University student was discovered by searchers at the base of a 200-foot cliff on Sunday, 10 days after she was last seen.

Utah County Sheriff James Tracy said it appeared she had made her way up a rocky talus slope halfway up Bridal Veil Falls, then followed a series of angled ledges to an outcrop, where she fell. Pine trees and heavy brush on the steep slope made her body difficult to see.

After her body was found, a campus candlelight vigil Sunday night was turned into a memorial service attended by more than 1,000 people. The city flew flags at half-staff Monday.

Cleverley, of Boise, Idaho, was last seen riding her bicycle in Provo on Aug. 30. Police got a break in the case Sept. 6, when two people heard about the search for Cleverley and admitted stealing a bike that resembled hers from a rack near Bridal Veil Falls.

Before the discovery, the possibility that Cleverley might have been abducted chilled some students in this college town 40 miles south of Salt Lake City.

Foul Play Unlikely in Student's Death,
NYT,
11.9.2007,
http://www.nytimes.com/aponline/us/
AP-Missing-Student.html - broken link

 

 

 

 

 

Uniformed Eyes and Ears

on the Front Lines

 

March 15, 2007

The New York Times

By JAMES BARRON

 

They form a kind of shadow police force, uniformed but unarmed and unpaid. Part community-minded volunteers and part would-be officers, they go on neighborhood patrols, help with crowd control at places like Yankee Stadium and serve as an official-looking eyes and ears.

The city’s 4,800 or so auxiliary police officers are never far from trouble, but usually, said John W. Hyland, the president of the Auxiliary Police Benevolent Association, trouble goes the other way when they come around.

“For the most part, you’re on routine patrol,” he said. “For the most part, the bad guys can’t tell the difference whether it’s an auxiliary cop or a regular cop. It’s one of the best crime deterrents that there is.”

So is the seven-pointed star that auxiliary officers wear. Few, other than sharp-eyed criminals, could tell that it is different from the shield that regular officers wear. And few would know that officially, anyway, auxiliary officers do not have the power that regular officers have: the power to make arrests.

“It’s a citizen’s arrest,” Mr. Hyland said. “You’re the eyes and the ears. You make the call.” Meaning, most of the time, an auxiliary officer reaches for his or her radio and calls for regular officers.

Until last night, six auxiliary officers had been killed in the line of duty in the half-century since the auxiliary police force was organized. Before the two deaths in Greenwich Village, the most recent was Milton Clarke, killed 14 years ago when he heard shots in the street outside his garage in the Bronx. Carrying his own licensed .380-caliber semiautomatic pistol, he confronted a suspect who opened fire and struck him six times. Mr. Clarke’s gun jammed after he pulled the trigger once.

Facing street crime was not the original mission of the auxiliary force, which was organized as a civil-defense group in the 1950s. Its mission reflected the nuclear paranoia of cold-war America: to direct crowds to subway stations and school basements that doubled as bomb shelters.

Auxiliary officers attend classes on topics like handling their nightsticks and giving Miranda warnings, even though they rarely make arrests. The Police Department requires that auxiliary officers be older than 17 and younger than 60, though those over 60 may apply for administrative duties. The department’s Web site also says that auxiliary officers must be United States citizens or have a valid visa or alien registration card, must live or work in the city, must be able to read and write English and must have a clean record.

“A lot of the younger guys are using it as a steppingstone to go into law enforcement,” Mr. Hyland said. “It gets them in the door. They see, do they really want to do this?”

Uniformed Eyes and Ears on the Front Lines,
NYT,
15.3.2007,
http://www.nytimes.com/2007/03/15/nyregion/15auxiliary.html 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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