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Vocapedia > Arts > Music > Genres

 

 

 

genres        UK

 

https://www.theguardian.com/music/2014/sep/04/
-sp-from-charred-death-to-deep-filthstep-the-1264-genres-that-make-modern-music

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

genre        USA

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/12/12/
arts/music/ed-cassidy-drummer-for-the-experimental-group-spirit-dies-at-89.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/01/18/
arts/music/jimmy-castor-musician-who-mastered-many-genres-dies-at-71.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Genre busting: the origin of music categories        UK

 

Where did the terms retro-nuevo and skronk originate?

Or hip-hop?

Michaelangelo Matos runs through

an exhaustive catalogue

of music's phrasemakers

and trendsetters

http://www.guardian.co.uk/music/2011/aug/25/
origins-of-music-genres-hip-hop

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A History of Modern Music: the timeline        UK

 

In a seven-part series,

Guardian and Observer critics

chart the history of modern music,

tackling a different genre each day

and picking 50 key moments.

 

Use this interactive guide

to travel through time

and see their selections.

http://www.guardian.co.uk/music/interactive/2011/jun/11/
history-modern-music-timeline

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

psychedelic        USA

 

https://www.npr.org/2021/01/23/
959394422/when-the-giants-of-indian-classical-music-collided-with-psychedelic-san-francisc

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The new single Automatic Lover by the Vibrators, 1978.

 

My frame is true: new wave posters – in pictures

Andrew Krivine began

collecting music industry flyers and posters in 1977

on his annual trip from the US to see family in London.

“I’d go on expeditions to Camden Market, Rough Trade,

Stiff Records and even brazenly walk

into the headquarters of Virgin Records,” he recalls.

By the time he’d finished college in the early 80s

(spending a year in the UK as well as studying in Chicago),

he’d amassed around 5,500 items of memorabilia

for punk and new wave LPs, gigs and clubs.

The finest of these have now been collected

in the book Reversing into the Future

(published by Pavilion on 14 October, £35).

In a time before Spotify and YouTube,

poster art was key to a band selling their sound to an audience.

“Designers translated music into visual terms,” says Krivine.

“This was the last great burst of graphic design creativity of the 20th century.”

G

Sat 2 Oct 2021    17.00 BST

https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/gallery/2021/oct/02/
punk-and-new-wave-posters-reversing-into-the-future-in-pictures

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

UK, USA >  late-1970s > new wave        UK / USA

 

https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/gallery/2021/oct/02/
punk-and-new-wave-posters-reversing-into-the-future-in-pictures

 

http://www.npr.org/2015/08/22/
433540080/spandau-ballet-on-its-reunion-and-looking-outrageous

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

UK > early 1980s > New Romantic movement        UK

 

http://www.theguardian.com/music/2015/feb/13/
steve-strange

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

avant-pop        UK

 

https://www.theguardian.com/music/2021/jan/30/
sophie-acclaimed-avant-pop-producer-dies-aged-34

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

synth-pop        USA

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/06/15/
arts/music/rupert-hine-synth-pop-music-producer-dies-at-72.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

pop        UK

 

https://www.theguardian.com/music/2017/jun/08/
1967-the-year-that-pop-came-out-beatles-rolling-stones-kinks

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/music/2013/jul/04/
bernie-nolan-dies

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/music/2004/jun/09/
popandrock1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

60s pop    UK

 

https://www.theguardian.com/music/gallery/2016/may/24/
for-the-record-60s-pop-through-the-lens-photo-gallery-rolling-stones

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Britpop        UK

 

https://www.theguardian.com/fashion/gallery/2020/oct/27/
while-we-were-getting-high-britpop-and-90s-style-in-pictures

 

http://www.theguardian.com/music/2014/aug/01/
superfood-old-blue-last-review

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BBC music show > Top of the Pops        UK

 

http://www.theguardian.com/tv-and-radio/2013/dec/26/
top-of-the-pops-50-bbc-bring-it-back

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA > crooner        UK

 

https://www.theguardian.com/music/2010/sep/24/
eddie-fisher-obituary

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ska        UK

 

http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p032k6gx#play

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/music/musicblog/2016/sep/10/
jerry-dammers-on-prince-buster-the-first-king-of-jamaican-music

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

British ska        UK

 

http://www.theguardian.com/music/2015/sep/04/
the-specials-trombonist-rico-rodriguez-dies-aged-80

 

https://www.theguardian.com/music/2012/may/06/
ronnie-gordon-jamaica-music-ska

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 UK ska-pop sound        UK

 

https://www.theguardian.com/music/2021/apr/30/
a-blur-of-legs-arms-and-adrenaline-the-astonishing-history-of-two-tone

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

reggae        UK

 

https://www.theguardian.com/music/2016/nov/07/
akala-bbc4-documentary-roots-reggae-rebellion

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/music/2012/may/06/
ronnie-gordon-jamaica-music-ska

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

British reggae        UK

 

https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/gallery/2016/nov/04/
alex-bartsch-reggae-covers-photographs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

reggae        USA

 

https://www.nytimes.com/1984/11/25/
arts/with-its-crooners-and-toasters-reggae-is-thriving.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

dub reggae music        UK

 

https://www.theguardian.com/music/gallery/2020/sep/26/
dub-london-bassline-of-a-city-in-pictures

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 dub and roots reggae styles        UK

 

https://www.theguardian.com/music/gallery/2021/aug/29/
lee-scratch-perry-a-life-in-pictures

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ska        UK / USA

 

https://www.theguardian.com/music/2020/sep/12/
toots-hibbert-obituary-maytals

 

https://www.theguardian.com/music/2011/dec/02/
roland-alphonso-james-bond

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/11/30/
arts/music/barry-llewellyn-a-founder-of-the-heptones-dies-at-63.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

mod

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

rocksteady / rock steady        UK / USA

 

https://www.theguardian.com/music/2020/sep/12/
toots-hibbert-obituary-maytals

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/11/30/
arts/music/barry-llewellyn-a-founder-of-the-heptones-dies-at-63.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Alton Nehemiah Ellis / the Godfather of Rock Steady    1938-2008        UK / USA

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2008/10/17/
arts/music/17ellis.html

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/music/2008/oct/14/
jamaica

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

mento

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

reggae        UK / USA

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/09/12/
arts/music/toots-hibbert-dead.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/11/30/
arts/music/barry-llewellyn-a-founder-of-the-heptones-dies-at-63.html

http://www.guardian.co.uk/music/2011/jan/30/
reggae-revolutionary-bob-marley-britain

 

https://www.economist.com/obituary/2004/05/20/
clement-sir-coxsone-dodd 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rasta anthem

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rastafarian

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jah Cure        UK

 

http://www.theguardian.com/uk/2007/oct/07/
world.musicnews 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ganja

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

sound system

—a turntable, huge speakers, a box of records

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jamaica > sound system, dancehall        UK

 

https://www.npr.org/2021/02/18/
969292407/u-roy-jamaican-vocalist-who-defined-dancehall-and-presaged-hip-hop-dies-at-78

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jamaica > doo-wop        UK

 

https://www.theguardian.com/music/2020/oct/12/
a-thousand-teardrops-how-doo-wop-kickstarted-jamaica-pop-revolution-reggae-rocksteady

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

doo-wop    USA

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/04/07/
arts/music/carlo-mastrangelo-a-doo-wop-voice-for-dion-and-the-belmonts-dies-at-78.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/11/27/
arts/music/earl-carroll-lead-singer-of-the-cadillacs-dies-at-75.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

nu-soul

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

salsa        UK

 

http://www.theguardian.com/music/2007/may/01/
worldmusic.comment 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

dub        UK

http://www.theguardian.com/music/musicblog/2016/mar/21/
lee-scratch-perry-at-80-birthday-reggae-interview

 

 

 

 

dubstep        UK

https://www.theguardian.com/music/dubstep 

 

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/music/musicblog/2011/dec/09/
best-albums-2011-james-blake

 

 

 

 

computer music        USA

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/04/24/
arts/music/max-mathews-father-of-computer-music-dies-at-84.html

 

 

 

 

techno        UK

http://www.guardian.co.uk/music/musicblog/2011/jan/19/
techno-human-analogue-recording

 

 

 

 

electronic music        UK

https://www.theguardian.com/music/electronicmusic

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/gallery/2020/aug/01/
beat-surrender-classic-club-night-posters-in-pictures

 

 

 

 

electro pop        UK

http://www.guardian.co.uk/music/2013/mar/28/
depeche-mode-interview-delta-machine-dysfunctional

 

 

 

 

dance music        UK

https://www.theguardian.com/music/dance-music  

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/music/2010/sep/14/
kelis-interview

 

 

 

 

electronic dance music    EDM        UK

https://www.theguardian.com/music/2018/apr/20/
swedish-dj-avicii-dies-aged-28

 

 

 

 

dance punk        UK

http://www.guardian.co.uk/music/2011/feb/07/
lcd-soundsystem-announce-final-concert

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

grunge        UK

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2011/sep/15/
everybody-loves-history-grunge-review

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/music/2011/aug/24/
grunge-myths-nirvana-kurt-cobain

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

grunge        USA

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2022/02/22/
arts/music/mark-lanegan-dead.html

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/therecord/2017/05/18/
528985961/it-began-at-the-ditto-tavern-chris-cornells-life-as-grunges-true-seattle-son

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/09/16/us/
post-grunge-seattle-still-rocks-20-years-after-nirvanas-nevermind.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ambient music        USA

 

 Ambient music is a term coined

by Brian Eno back in 1978

with the release of Music For Airports.

 

https://www.npr.org/2020/02/18/
807030514/breathe-deeply-music-to-quiet-the-mind-and-inspire

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

disco        UK / USA

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/08/07/
arts/music/patrick-cowley-disco-reissues.html

 

http://www.npr.org/2016/07/16/
485873750/july-12-1979-the-night-disco-died-or-didnt

 

 

 

 

http://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/gallery/2015/sep/26/
when-new-york-danced-to-discos-beat-in-pictures

 

http://www.theguardian.com/music/2015/aug/13/
sources-the-pp-records-soul-and-disco-anthology-review

 

 

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/08/13/
business/media/henry-stone-93-dies-produced-the-miami-sound.html

 

 

 

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/music/2013/may/31/
disco-gets-lucky-daft-punk

 

 

 

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/music/2012/may/21/
disco-donna-summer-robin-gibb

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/music/2012/may/21/
robin-gibb-pioneer-disco-dies

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/05/18/
arts/music/donna-summer-queen-of-disco-dies-at-63.html

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/music/2012/feb/26/
disco-changed-world-for-ever

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

disco revival

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

disco / pop > Australia / UK > Bee Gees        UK

 

http://www.theguardian.com/music/2008/jan/04/
popandrock3 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

disco / pop > Australia / UK > Bee Gees > Maurice Gibb        UK

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2003/jan/13/
arts.artsnews

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA > Saturday Night Fever        1977        UK / USA

 

http://www.theguardian.com/film/saturday-night-fever

 

 

https://archive.nytimes.com/www.nytimes.com/books/97/04/13/
reviews/disco-fever.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

metal        UK / USA

 

https://www.theguardian.com/music/metal

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/music/2021/sep/03/
drugs-divorce-and-incessant-drum-takes-metallica-on-making-metals-biggest-ever-black-album

 

https://www.theguardian.com/music/2021/feb/02/
the-fandom-metallica-donington-2012-heavy-metal

 

https://www.npr.org/2021/07/28/
1021851918/joey-jordison-founding-member-slipknot-dies-at-age-46

 

 

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/music/2018/dec/07/
def-leppard-review-o2-arena-london

 

https://www.theguardian.com/music/2017/jan/29/
black-sabbath-live-glasgow-review-farewell-tour

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

UK > heavy metal        UK / USA

 

https://www.npr.org/2020/09/18/
913974144/50-years-ago-black-sabbath-found-its-sound-and-took-metal-worldwide

 

 

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/music/2019/jun/23/
birmingham-heavy-metal-history-embraced-black-sabbath-one-hell-of-a-city

 

 

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/music/musicblog/2016/sep/07/
the-new-wave-of-british-heavy-metal-10-of-the-best

 

 

 

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/music/musicblog/2011/nov/10/
10-heaviest-albums-all-time

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/music/musicblog/2011/nov/02/
jim-fix-it-iron-maiden

 

https://www.theguardian.com/music/video/2011/jul/11/
black-sabbath-tony-iommi-video

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

heavy metal        USA        2015

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z6VVraQ16t0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

thrash metal

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

metal band        UK / USA

 

http://www.theguardian.com/culture/2014/jun/20/
the-10-best-metal-bands-metallica-glastonbury-rock

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/05/04/
arts/music/jeff-hanneman-guitarist-for-slayer-dies-at-49.html

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2012/jun/08/
metal-bands-ignored-by-media

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

hard rock        UK / USA

 

http://www.theguardian.com/music/2013/oct/18/
deep-purple-roundhouse-rock-review

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/03/06/
arts/music/ronnie-montrose-hard-rock-guitarist-dies-at-64.html

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/music/musicblog/2010/aug/26/
guns-n-roses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

hard rockers        UK

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/music/2012/nov/19/
ac-dc-release-albums-itunes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

mods        UK

 

https://www.theguardian.com/music/2018/apr/08/
mods-at-the-greyhound-11-april-1980

 

http://www.theguardian.com/fashion/2015/aug/12/
a-la-mod-how-the-jam-and-mod-style-transcended-fashion

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/music/2013/apr/26/
modern-mods-music-no-good

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mods

 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mod_revival

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A weekend of clashes

between Mods and Rockers

culminates in a battle on Brighton beach        UK        May 18 1964

 

http://www.theguardian.com/theguardian/1964/may/19/
fromthearchive

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

cabaret        USA

 

http://artsbeat.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/04/03/
a-notable-audience-for-elaine-stritch-at-the-carlyle/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

street piano / organ / organ grinder        USA

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/npr-history-dept/2015/07/08/
420837852/strange-stories-surrounding-street-pianos

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

"Race" music        USA

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/06/14/
opinion/in-defense-of-cultural-appropriation.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

blues        USA

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/07/26/
movies/born-in-chicago-tells-of-titans-who-taught-young-proteges.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/06/25/
arts/music/bobby-blue-bland-soul-and-blues-balladeer-dies-at-83.html

 

 

 

 

Chicago blues        1960s

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/07/26/
movies/born-in-chicago-tells-of-titans-who-taught-young-proteges.html

http://www.nytimes.com/slideshow/2013/07/26/
movies/20130726-BORN.html

 

 

 

 

Delta bluesmen / blues        USA

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/07/19/
arts/music/t-model-ford-late-blooming-bluesman-is-dead.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/03/22/
arts/music/pinetop-perkins-delta-boogie-woogie-master-dies-at-97.html

 

 

 

 

African-American musical tradition        USA

 

the black string band,

that predates the blues

and influenced country music

and bluegrass

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/03/02/
arts/music/joe-thompson-dies-at-93-fiddler-of-string-band-legacy.html

 

 

 

 

bluesman        USA

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/04/19/
arts/music/jimmy-dawkins-fast-fingered-blues-guitarist-dies-at-76.html

 

 

 

 

soul and blues balladeer        USA

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/06/25/
arts/music/bobby-blue-bland-soul-and-blues-balladeer-dies-at-83.html

 

 

 

 

blues-rock        USA

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/04/23/
arts/music/lonnie-mack-singer-and-guitarist-who-pioneered-blues-rockdies-at-74.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/07/28/
arts/music/jj-cale-musician-and-songwriter-dies-at-74.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/03/07/arts/music/
alvin-lee-guitarist-of-ten-years-after-dies-at-68.html

 

 

 

 

 the 1970s Tulsa sound

- a blend of rockabilly, blues,

country and rock        USA

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/07/28/
arts/music/jj-cale-musician-and-songwriter-dies-at-74.html

 

 

 

 

rockabilly        USA

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/23/
arts/music/23wanda.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

R&B

http://www.theguardian.com/music/2015/jun/29/
how-r-b-got-its-groove-back

 

http://www.theguardian.com/music/2013/aug/15/
timbaland-future-stars-experimental-cassie

http://www.guardian.co.uk/music/2013/may/14/
r-kelly-country-singer

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/music/2012/apr/21/
usher-day-in-the-life

http://www.guardian.co.uk/music/2012/feb/18/
tim-jonze-on-shuffle-rnb

 

 

 

 

1950s-1970s rhythm-and-blues        R&B

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/12/12/
arts/music/joe-bihari-who-put-early-rb-on-record-dies-at-88.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/05/30/
arts/music/clarence-burke-jr-singer-in-five-stairsteps-dies-at-64.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/12/23/
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 Arts > Music > Genres

 

 

 

Donna Summer,

Queen of Disco

Who Transcended the Era,

Dies at 63

 

May 17, 2012

The New York Times

By JON PARELES

 

Donna Summer, the multimillion-selling singer and songwriter whose hits captured both the giddy hedonism of the 1970s disco era and the feisty female solidarity of the early 1980s, died on Thursday at her home in Naples, Fla. She was 63.

The cause was cancer, her publicist, Brian Edwards, said.

With her doe eyes, cascade of hair and sinuous dance moves, Ms. Summer became the queen of disco — the music’s glamorous public face — as well as an idol with a substantial gay following. Her voice, airy and ethereal or brightly assertive, sailed over dance floors and leapt from radios from the mid-’70s well into the ’80s.

She riffled through styles as diverse as funk, electronica, rock and torch song as she piled up 14 Top 10 singles in the United States, among them “Love to Love You Baby,” “Bad Girls,” “Hot Stuff,” “Last Dance” and “She Works Hard for the Money.” In the late ’70s she had three double albums in a row that reached No. 1, and each sold more than a million copies.

Her combination of a church-rooted voice and up-to-the-minute dance beats was a template for 1970s disco, and, with her producers Giorgio Moroder and Pete Bellotte, she pioneered electronic dance music with the synthesizer pulse of “I Feel Love” in 1977, a sound that pervades 21st-century pop. Her own recordings have been sampled by, among others, Beyoncé, the Pet Shop Boys, Justice and Nas.

Ms. Summer won Grammy Awards for dance music, R&B, rock and gospel. Her recorded catalog spans the orgasmic moans of her first hit, “Love to Love You Baby,” the streetwalker chronicle of “Bad Girls,” the feminist moxie of “She Works Hard for the Money” and the religious devotion of “Forgive Me,” a gospel song that earned her another Grammy.

Through it all, Ms. Summer’s voice held on to an optimistic spirit and a determination to flourish. She garnered loyal fans. In 2009 she performed in Oslo at the concert honoring the Nobel Peace Prize awarded to President Obama.

On Thursday, the president released a statement, saying, “Her voice was unforgettable, and the music industry has lost a legend far too soon.”

Jon Landau, the chairman of the nominating committee at the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, also issued a statement — an unusual one in which he said it was unfortunate that the hall had never inducted her.

“There is absolutely no doubt that the extraordinary Donna Summer belongs in the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame,” Mr. Landau wrote. “Regrettably, despite being nominated on a number of occasions, our voting group has failed to recognize her — an error I can only hope is finally and permanently rectified next year.”

LaDonna Adrian Gaines was born Dec. 31, 1948, in the Dorchester neighborhood of Boston, one of seven children. She grew up singing in church and decided in her teens to make music her career. In the late 1960s she joined the Munich company of the rock musical “Hair” and relocated to Germany, where she became fluent in German and worked as a studio vocalist, in musical theater and briefly as a member of the Viennese Folk Opera. She married an Austrian actor, Hellmuth Sommer, in 1972, and after they divorced she kept his name but changed the spelling. She had already recorded her first single under the name Donna Gaines, an unsuccessful remake in 1971 of the Jaynetts’ “Sally Go ’Round the Roses.”

Her work as a backup singer brought her to the attention of Mr. Moroder and Mr. Bellotte. Her 1974 debut album with them, “Lady of the Night,” was released only in Europe. But with “Love to Love You Baby” in 1975, Ms. Summer became a sensation. She said she recorded that song’s breathy, moaning vocals lying on her back on the studio floor with the lights out, thinking about how Marilyn Monroe might coo its words.

The American label Casablanca signed her after hearing the song in its initial European version, titled “Love to Love You,” and asked her to extend it for disco play. The resulting 17-minute single contains more than 20 simulated orgasms and became an international hit, reaching No. 2 on the American pop chart. Ms. Summer quickly released two more albums, “A Love Trilogy” and “Four Seasons of Love,” a concept album tracing a romance over the course of a year.

But she was increasingly uncomfortable being promoted as a sex goddess. “I’m not just sex, sex, sex,” she told Ebony magazine in 1977. “I would never want to be a one-dimensional person like that.”

She became so depressed that in late 1976 she attempted suicide, she wrote in her 2003 autobiography, “Ordinary Girl: The Journey,” written with Marc Eliot. She began taking medication for depression and seeking consolation in religion, becoming a born-again Christian in 1979.

“I Remember Yesterday,” one of two albums Ms. Summer released in 1977, revolved around the concept of mixing disco with the sounds of previous decades. But it was a song representing the future, “I Feel Love,” that would make the most impact. Its all-electronic arrangement was a startling new sound for a pop song, and its contrast of human voice versus synthetic backdrop would echo through countless club hits in its wake.

Ms. Summer was still demonstrating her versatility. She followed up with an orchestral album, “Once Upon a Time,” a set of songs telling a Cinderella story, and then a live album in 1978, “Live and More,” which yielded a hit with a version of “MacArthur Park.” That was the first of four No. 1 singles she would have in a year, followed by “Hot Stuff,” “Bad Girls” and a duet with Barbra Streisand, “No More Tears (Enough Is Enough).” Ms. Summer won her first Grammy Award — for best R&B vocal performance, female — with “Last Dance,” a song by Paul Jabara. It was introduced on the soundtrack to the 1978 movie “Thank God It’s Friday” and has ended many a wedding party ever since.

Disco as a fad was peaking, and Ms. Summer strove to outlast it. Her 1979 double album, “Bad Girls,” put some rock guitar into songs like “Hot Stuff”; it won a Grammy for best rock vocal performance, female. Her first collection of hits, “On the Radio: Greatest Hits Volumes 1 and 2,” also reached No. 1 in 1979, and the newly recorded title song was a Top 10 single.

Another hit from 1979, “Heaven Knows,” reached No. 4 on the pop chart, with personal repercussions. Ms. Summer recorded it with the group Brooklyn Dreams, and she married its co-founder, Bruce Sudano, in 1980. He survives her, along with three daughters — Brooklyn Sudano, Amanda Sudano and Mimi Dohler — and four grandchildren. She is also survived by a brother, Ricky Gaines, and four sisters: Dara Bernard, Mary Ellen Bernard, Linda Gaines and Jeanette Yancey.

“On the Radio” was Ms. Summer’s last album for Casablanca. As disco receded, she moved to Geffen Records, seeking to hold her broader pop audience. She tried new wave rock on “The Wanderer” in 1981, then switched to the R&B produced by Quincy Jones for “Donna Summer” in 1982. But she would reach her 1980s commercial peak with “She Works Hard for the Money” in 1983, collaborating with the producer Michael Omartian. It was her last Top 10 album, and amid its gleaming pop productions it included “He’s a Rebel,” an indirect Christian rock song — “He’s a rebel, written up in the lamb’s book of life” — that won a Grammy for best inspirational performance.

Ms. Summer’s career waned in the mid-1980s. Pop fans paid little attention to two albums from that period, “Cats Without Claws” and “All Systems Go,” and she alienated gay fans when she was quoted as having described AIDS as divine punishment for an immoral lifestyle. Though she repeatedly denied making that statement, many gay listeners boycotted her music, and by the time she had reconciled with gay organizations, her hitmaking streak was broken. Her last Top 10 hit, “This Time I Know It’s for Real,” was in 1989.

But she continued to record and perform. She and Mr. Sudano moved to Nashville (they maintained homes there and in Florida) and wrote songs together, including a No. 1 country single for Dolly Parton, “Starting Over Again.” A 1997 remix of a song Ms. Summer recorded in 1992 with Mr. Moroder, “Carry On,” won her the first Grammy given for best dance music. Well into the 2000s, she continued to appear on the dance-music charts: three songs from her last studio album, “Crayons,” in 2008, reached No. 1 on that chart, as did her final single, “To Paris With Love,” in 2010.

“This music will always be with us,” Ms. Summer told The New York Times in 2003. “I mean, whether they call it disco music or hip-hop or bebop or flip-flop, whatever they’re going to call it, I think music to dance to will always be with us.”

 

 

This article has been revised

to reflect the following correction:

 

Correction: May 17, 2012

A previous version of this article

misstated Jon Landau’s title

as chairman of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.

He is the chairman of its nominating committee.

Donna Summer,
Queen of Disco Who Transcended the Era, Dies at 63,
NYT,
17.5.2012,
http://www.nytimes.com/2012/05/18/
arts/music/donna-summer-queen-of-disco-dies-at-63.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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