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Vocapedia > Earth > Weather > Weather, Extreme weather, Forecast

 

 

 

 

shower

 

 

 

 

 

 

rain

 

 

 

 

 

 

rain and snow

 

 

 

 

 

 

snow showers

 

 

 

 

 

 

cloudy

 

 

 

 

 

 

mostly cloudy / cloudy with sunny spells / sunny intervals

 

 

 

 

 

 

sunny with showers

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

thunderstorms with sunny intervals

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

weather        UK

 

https://www.theguardian.com/uk/weather

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

weather        USA

 

http://www.npr.org/2016/01/07/
462265900/u-s-weather-wet-and-wild-in-2015-though-no-big-hurricanes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

cartoons > Cagle > Best of weather        USA        2012

 

http://www.cagle.com/news/best-of-weather/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

weather system        USA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

weather pattern > El Niño

 

http://www.npr.org/2016/01/27/
464505488/a-big-el-nino-likely-set-last-weeks-blizzard-in-motion

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

La Niña        USA

 

La Niña (translated from Spanish as "little girl")

is not a storm,

but a climate pattern

that occurs in the Pacific Ocean every few years

and can impact weather around the world.

 

https://www.npr.org/2021/10/15/
1046313870/la-nina-winter-weather-us-temperatures-rainfall

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

wet weather        UK

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2012/nov/24/
rain-pours-down-on-saturated-britain

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

wet and warm weather        USA

 

http://www.npr.org/2016/01/27/
464505488/a-big-el-nino-likely-set-last-weeks-blizzard-in-motion

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

moan about the weather

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bitter weather

 

 

 

 

gale-force winds

 

 

 

 

due to the bad weather

 

 

 

 

bad weather        UK

http://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/shortcuts/2014/feb/12/
winter-disaster-flooding-uk-history

 

http://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/gallery/2013/dec/23/
bad-weather-across-the-uk-in-pictures

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2012/apr/04/
britain-braced-bad-weather-snow

 

 

 

 

worst weather

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Extreme Weather        Playlist        Guardian

 

 

 

 

Extreme Weather        Playlist        Guardian

 

YouTube

https://www.youtube.com/
playlist?list=PLa_1MA_DEorGJWcF74zxEqWjmCoNXwP1I

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

natural disasters and extreme weather        UK

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/natural-disasters

 

 

2022

 

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2022/aug/05/
the-guardian-view-on-accelerating-global-heating-follow-the-science

 

https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2022/aug/04/
climate-breakdown-supercharging-extreme-weather

 

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2022/jul/18/
heatwave-extreme-weather-uk-climate-crisis

 

 

 

 

2021

 

https://www.theguardian.com/environment/video/2021/jul/29/
climate-crisis-what-one-month-of-extreme-weather-looks-like-video

 

 

 

 

2020

 

https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2020/dec/30/
floods-storms-and-searing-heat-2020-in-extreme-weather

 

 

 

 

2018

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/07/29/
633203732/when-the-weather-is-extreme-is-climate-change-to-blame

 

 

 

 

2017

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/sep/01/
timeline-billion-dollar-weather-disasters-us-2007-2016

 

 

 

 

2014

 

http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2014/feb/14/
climate-change-floods-government

 

 

 

 

2013

 

http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2013/dec/18/2013-
extreme-weather-events

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

extreme weather        UK

 

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2022/aug/05/
the-guardian-view-on-accelerating-global-heating-follow-the-science

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/sep/01/
timeline-billion-dollar-weather-disasters-us-2007-2016

 

http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2015/apr/27/
extreme-weather-already-on-increase-due-to-climate-change-study-finds

 

http://www.theguardian.com/environment/gallery/2013/sep/26/
meteorology-natural-disasters

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

weather extremes        UK

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/gallery/2018/aug/01/
july-global-weather-extremes-wildfires-heatwave-flooding-in-pictures

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

extreme rain        USA

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2022/08/05/
us/kentucky-missouri-illinois-rain-flooding.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

wild weather        UK

 

https://www.theguardian.com/australia-news/gallery/2022/feb/28/
qld-floods-queensland-flooding-brisbane-2022-bne-gympie-photos-gallery-in-pictures

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

harsh weather        USA

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/12/04/us/
storms-topple-new-england-trees-and-raise-fears.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

severe weather        USA

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2014/01/07/
nyregion/in-new-york-temperatures-fall-far-fast.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA > extreme weather / 'global weirding'        UK / USA

 

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/gallery/2019/jun/01/
extreme-weather-in-the-us-tornadoes-floods-and-snow-in-pictures

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/01/11/
science/earth/extreme-weather-grows-in-frequency-and-intensity-
around-world.html

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/jun/13/
extreme-weather-flooding-droughts-fires

 

 

 

 

 

extreme weather        USA

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2022/06/23/
world/asia/china-floods-heatwaves.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/11/28/opinion/28hedin.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/09/08/opinion/08revkin.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

severe weather        USA

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2013/11/tornadoes_and_severe_weather_s.html

 

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2011/05/severe_weather_continues_in_ce.html

 

 

 

 

severe weather        UK

http://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2014/feb/14/
no-let-up-severe-weather-storms-flood-uk-forecasters-warn

 

 

 

 

severe conditions        UK

http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2013/jan/13/
weather-warning-upgraded-met-office

 

 

 

 

rage        USA

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/01/11/
science/earth/extreme-weather-grows-in-frequency-and-intensity-around-world.html

 

 

 

 

natural disasters

 

 

 

 

weather disasters        USA

http://www.usatoday.com/weather/news/2006-01-27-
billion-dollar-disasters_x.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

today's weather

 

 

 

 

the Met Office        UK

https://www.metoffice.gov.uk/

 

https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2019/jul/31/
uks-10-hottest-years-on-record-have-occurred-since-2002-met-office

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

National Weather Service        USA

 

https://www.nytimes.com/topic/organization/
national-weather-service

 

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/03/02/
589845319/national-weather-service-forecast-cloudy-with-a-chance-of-budget-cuts

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration    NOAA        USA

 

https://www.npr.org/2021/03/22/
979932115/noaa-upgrades-forecasts-as-climate-change-drives-more-severe-storms

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NOAA’s National Climatic Data Center    NCDC        USA

 

https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/about

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

outlook

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

weather forecast        UK

 

https://www.theguardian.com/uk/weather

 

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2012/nov/24/
uk-flood-warnings-heavy-rain-forecast

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/1945/may/09/
secondworldwar.fromthearchive

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

weather forecast        USA

 

https://www.weather.gov/forecastmaps

 

 

https://www.npr.org/2021/04/07/
983224262/your-weather-forecast-update-warmer-climate-will-be-the-new-normal

 

https://www.npr.org/2021/03/22/
979932115/noaa-upgrades-forecasts-as-climate-change-drives-more-severe-storms

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/03/02/
589845319/national-weather-service-forecast-cloudy-with-a-chance-of-budget-cuts

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/10/23/
science/earth/robert-m-white-meteorologist-
who-revolutionized-weather-forecasts-dies-at-92.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

hurricane forecasting        USA

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/09/08/
549477502/what-goes-into-hurricane-forecasting-satellites-supercomputers-and-more

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

weathercaster        USA

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/05/07/us/
politics/using-weathercasters-to-deliver-a-climate-change-message.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

long-range weather forecasts        UK

 

http://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/shortcuts/2014/apr/02/
how-accurate-long-range-weather-forecasts-change-british-life

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

heavy rain forecast        UK

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2012/nov/24/
uk-flood-warnings-heavy-rain-forecast

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

forecast        USA

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/08/12/
opinion/sunday/extreme-weather-and-drought-are-here-to-stay.html

 

http://www.usatoday.com/weather/hurricane/2007-12-07-
grays-forecast_N.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

weather forecaster        UK

 

http://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2014/feb/14/
no-let-up-severe-weather-storms-flood-uk-forecasters-warn

 

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/oct/28/uk-bunkers-down-huge-storm-south

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/gallery/2012/dec/02/winter-weather-snow-uk-in-pictures

http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2012/jun/11/uk-weather-forecasters-warn-flooding

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2010/dec/13/weather-arctic-big-freeze

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2009/nov/02/flooding-scotland-wales-weather

 

https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2006/jul/23/weather.theobserver 

https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2006/jun/30/weather.climatechange

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

weather forecaster        USA

 

http://www.usatoday.com/weather/stormcenter/2006-08-01-tropical-storm-chris_x.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

predict

 

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/oct/28/
uk-bunkers-down-huge-storm-south

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/gallery/2012/dec/02/
winter-weather-snow-uk-in-pictures

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

it's time to check out the weather

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

meteorologist        UK

 

https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2020/apr/27/
meteorologists-say-2020-on-course-to-be-hottest-year-since-records-began

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

meteorologist        USA

 

http://www.nytimes.com/video/2013/05/21/us/
100000002237486/oklahoma-tornado-a-meteorologists-view.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

weatherman

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

weather watcher        USA

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/01/18/
nyregion/richard-g-hendrickson-who-recorded-the-weather-for-85-years-dies-at-103.html

 

https://www.youtube.com/
watch?v=F2-e6WsCI2I&feature=youtu.be - 21 July 2014

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

weather nerd

 

 

 

 

weathercock

 

 

 

 

World Meteorological Organization

https://public.wmo.int/en  

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/12/27/
680513764/2018-was-a-milestone-year-for-climate-science-if-not-politics

 

 

 

 

unseasonal weather

 

 

 

 

today's forecast

 

 

 

 

5-day forecast

 

 

 

 

forecast

 

 

 

 

predict

 

 

 

 

computer predictions

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A view of the Northern Lights

as seen from Crooktree in Aberdeenshire, Scotland, Thursday.

 

The light show occurs when highly charged electrons

from solar wind interact with Earth's atmosphere.

 

Photograph:

Jim Henderson/Barcroft Media/Landov

 

Stunning And Amazing: Northern Lights Wow U.K.

NPR

February 28, 2014    3:26 PM

http://www.npr.org/blogs/thetwo-way/2014/02/28/
283983629/stunning-and-amazing-northern-lights-wow-u-k
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

sky, skies

 

 

 

 

clear skies

 

 

 

 

stormy skies

 

 

 

 

overcast skies

 

 

 

 

stay overcast

 

 

 

 

remain overcast

 

 

 

 

look set to get worse

 

 

 

 

unsettled

 

 

 

 

bleak

 

 

 

 

darken

 

 

 

 

fog        UK

http://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2014/sep/16/
met-office-issues-severe-fog-warning-southern-england-london

 

 

 

 

'Northern Lights' or Aurora Borealis        UK / USA

 

NASA reminds us how the lights are formed:

"The typical 'Northern Lights,'

or Aurora Borealis,

are caused by collisions

between fast-moving electrons

and the oxygen and nitrogen

in Earth's upper atmosphere.

 

The electrons

— which come from the magnetosphere,

the region of space

controlled by Earth's magnetic field

— transfer energy

to the oxygen and nitrogen gases,

making them 'excited.'

 

As they 'calm down'

and return to their normal state,

they emit photons,

small bursts of energy

in the form of light."

http://www.npr.org/blogs/thetwo-way/2014/02/28/
283983629/stunning-and-amazing-northern-lights-wow-u-k

 

http://www.npr.org/blogs/thetwo-way/2014/02/28/
283983629/stunning-and-amazing-northern-lights-wow-u-k

 

http://www.theguardian.com/travel/video/2013/oct/04/
aurora-borealis-minnesota-video

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/gallery/2008/dec/20/
aurora-borealis?picture=340933931

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

weather warning        UK

http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2013/jan/13/
weather-warning-upgraded-met-office

 

 

 

 

warn

http://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2013/dec/04/
weather-gales-tidal-surge-snow

 

 

 

 

warn of N

http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2012/jun/11/
uk-weather-forecasters-warn-flooding

 

 

 

 

ice warning        UK

http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/gallery/2012/dec/02/
winter-weather-snow-uk-in-pictures

 

 

 

 

storm warning        UK

http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2006/sep/21/
water.weather 

 

 

 

 

issue a severe-weather warning

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

sun        UK

https://www.theguardian.com/uk/2006/jul/20/
healthandwellbeing.weather 

 

 

 

 

sunshine

 

 

 

 

glorious sunshine

 

 

 

 

not very much sunshine around

 

 

 

 

hazy sunshine

 

 

 

 

sunbather

 

 

 

 

sun lover

 

 

 

 

sunny spell

 

 

 

 

shade        UK

http://www.theguardian.com/uk/2006/jul/20/
healthandwellbeing.weather 

 

 

 

 

dry

 

 

 

 

dry spell

 

 

 

 

turn dry

 

 

 

 

the Big Dry        Australia        UK

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2006/dec/10/
australia.theobserver 

 

 

 

 

bright

 

 

 

 

pleasant

 

 

 

 

fine

 

 

 

 

it looks glorious

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

dull

 

 

 

 

cold

 

 

 

 

it will turn a little bit colder

 

 

 

 

cold snap        UK

https://www.theguardian.com/society/2003/dec/23/health.weather

 

 

 

 

warm snap        UK

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2008/apr/04/snow.weekend

 

 

 

 

mild

 

 

 

 

near-record temperatures

 

 

 

 

temperatures on the par with N

 

 

 

 

thermometer

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

cloud

http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/interactive/2009/jul/17/
cloud-collector-pretor-pinney

 

 

 

 

it's going to cloud up a bit

 

 

 

 

there will be high pressure building

 

 

 

 

cloudy

 

 

 

 

mostly cloudy

 

 

 

 

cloudy day

 

 

 

 

wet

 

 

 

 

wet and windy

 

 

 

 

dry

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

breeze

 

 

 

 

breezy day

 

 

 

 

wind        UK

https://www.theguardian.com/business/2007/jan/20/
weather.media 

 

 

 

 

Asperatus: gathering storm to force new cloud name        UK

https://www.theguardian.com/environment/gallery/2009/jun/01/
2?picture=348217732 

 

 

 

 

strong gusty winds

 

 

 

 

brisk winds

 

 

 

 

blowy

 

 

 

 

Santa Ana winds        USA

http://www.usatoday.com/weather/wildfires/2007-11-24-california-wildfires_N.htm

 

 

 

 

spring nor'easters        USA

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/03/14/
520086727/noreaster-horns-in-on-march-madness-and-the-last-days-of-winter

 

 

 

 

howling winds        USA

http://www.usatoday.com/news/topstories/2008-01-05-607356887_x.htm

 

 

 

 

gale        UK

https://www.theguardian.com/business/2007/jan/20/
weather.media 

 

 

 

 

gusty weather        UK

https://www.theguardian.com/business/2007/jan/20/
weather.media 

 

 

 

 

storm        USA

http://www.usatoday.com/weather/stormcenter/2007-03-02-severe-weather_x.htm

 

 

 

 

buffet

https://www.reuters.com/article/domesticNews/idUSN04322565
20080105 

 

 

 

 

wind farm        UK

https://www.theguardian.com/society/2005/apr/20/
environment.greenpolitics 

 

 

 

 

the London Array windfarm

the world's largest offshore windfarm        UK        2006

https://www.theguardian.com/society/2005/apr/20/
environment.greenpolitics

 

 

 

wind chill

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

wet windy weather

 

 

 

 

damp misty weather

 

 

 

 

murky weather

 

 

 

 

atrocious weather conditions

 

 

 

 

horrendously cool

 

 

 

 

cool breeze

 

 

 

 

cool day

 

 

 

 

chilly

 

 

 

 

heavy showers

 

 

 

 

scattered showers

 

 

 

 

top temperatures around...

 

 

 

 

range of temperatures

Fahrenheit / Celsius : 30 / - 1, 50/10, 70/21, 90/32, 100/38

 

 

 

 

fall to below zero        UK

https://www.theguardian.com/uk/gallery/2012/dec/02/
winter-weather-snow-uk-in-pictures 

 

 

 

 

reach

 

 

 

 

cold start

 

 

 

 

wintery

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

thunder

 

 

 

 

thunderstorm        USA

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2013/11/
tornadoes_and_severe_weather_s.html

 

 

 

 

lightning

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

air masses

 

 

 

 

low-pressure system

 

 

 

 

depression

 

 

 

 

trough

 

 

 

 

weather front / front

 

 

 

 

spread northwards

 

 

 

 

clear away

 

 

 

 

die out

 

 

 

 

brighten up

 

 

 

 

break up

 

 

 

 

thicken

 

 

 

 

linger

 

 

 

 

develop

 

 

 

 

soar

 

 

 

 

drift into N

 

 

 

 

come through

 

 

 

 

settle down

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

across the UK        UK

https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/gallery/2013/dec/23/
bad-weather-across-the-uk-in-pictures 

 

 

 

 

across Britain        UK

https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2013/dec/24/
storms-britain-dead-christmas-travel-chaos 

 

 

 

 

across the country        UK

https://www.theguardian.com/uk/gallery/2012/dec/02/
winter-weather-snow-uk-in-pictures 

 

 

 

 

across much of the country

 

 

 

 

hit much of the country

 

 

 

 

across the whole of Scotland

 

 

 

 

across the Midlands

 

 

 

 

across the Lake district

 

 

 

 

across parts of Wales

 

 

 

 

across Scotland and Northen Ireland

 

 

 

 

across Wales

 

 

 

 

widespread

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

all of England

 

 

 

 

many parts of England

 

 

 

 

in north-east England

 

 

 

 

in east Anglia

 

 

 

 

much of Scotland

 

 

 

 

parts of northern Scotland

 

 

 

 

for much of Britain

 

 

 

 

much of the south

 

 

 

 

much of the country

 

 

 

 

north and eastern Britain

 

 

 

 

west of Scotland

 

 

 

 

in the north of Scotland

 

 

 

 

southern Scotland

 

 

 

 

the south coast

 

 

 

 

further eastwards

 

 

 

 

north Wales

 

 

 

 

in the North

 

 

 

 

for most of England and Wales

 

 

 

 

a little bit further south

 

 

 

 

on high ground in Northern Ireland

 

 

 

 

east of the Pennines

 

 

 

 

across the whole of the country

 

 

 

 

coastline

 

 

 

 

large swaths of coastline

 

 

 

 

here and there

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

until later on tonight

 

 

 

 

for much of the day

 

 

 

 

over the next couple of days

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Corpus of news articles

 

Earth > Weather >

 

Weather, Extreme weather, Forecast

 

 

 

Weird Weather in a Warming World

 

September 7, 2010

The New York Times

By ANDREW C. REVKIN

 

GIVEN the weather of late, extremes seem to have become the norm.

New York City just had its hottest June-to-August stretch on record. Moscow, suffering from a once-in-a-millennium heat wave, tallied thousands of deaths, a toll that included hundreds of inebriated, overheated citizens who stumbled into rivers and lakes and didn’t come out. Pakistan is reeling from flooding that inundated close to a fifth of the country.

For decades, scientists have predicted that disastrous weather, including heat, drought and deluges, would occur with increasing frequency in a world heated by the rising concentrations of greenhouse gases. While some may be tempted to label this summer’s extremes the manifestation of our climate meddling, there’s just not a clear-cut link — yet.

Martin Hoerling, a research meteorologist who investigates extreme weather for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, calls any such impression “subjective validation.” He and other climate scientists insist there’s still no way to point to any particular meteorological calamity and firmly finger human-caused global warming, despite high confidence that such warming is already well under way.

One reason is that extreme weather, while by definition rare, is almost never truly unprecedented. Oklahoma City and Nashville had astonishing downpours this year, but a large area of Vermont was devastated by a 36-hour deluge in November 1927. The late-season tropical storm killed more than 80 people, including the state’s lieutenant governor, drowned thousands of dairy cows and destroyed 1,200 bridges.

A 2002 study of lake sediments in and around Vermont found that the 1927 flood was mild compared with some in the pre-Columbian past. In fact, since the end of the last ice age, there were four periods — each about 1,000 years long and peaking roughly every 3,000 years — that saw a substantial number of much more intense, scouring floods. (The researchers found hints in the mud that a fifth such period is beginning.)

Many scientists believe that sub-Saharan Africa will be particularly vulnerable in the coming decades to climate-related dangers like heat waves and flash-flooding. But global warming is the murkiest of the factors increasing the risks there. Persistent poverty, a lack of governance and high rates of population growth have left African countries with scant capacity to manage too much or too little water.

As in Vermont, the climate history of Africa’s tropical belt also makes it incredibly difficult to attribute shifts in extreme weather to any one cause. A recent study of layered sediment in a Ghanaian lake revealed that the region has been periodically beset by centuries-long super-droughts, more potent and prolonged than any in modern times. The most recent lasted from 1400 to 1750.

Though today’s extremes can’t be reliably attributed to the greenhouse effect, they do give us the feel, sweat and all, of what’s to come if emissions are not reined in. Martin Hoerling told me that by the end of the century, this summer’s heat may be the status quo in parts of Russia, not a devastating fluke. Similar projections exist for Washington, the American Southwest, much of India and many other spots.

With the global population cresting in the coming decades, our exposure to extreme events will only worsen. So whatever nations decide to do about greenhouse gas emissions, there is an urgent need to “climate proof” human endeavors. That means building roads in Pakistan and reservoirs in Malawi that can withstand flooding. And it means no longer encouraging construction in flood plains, as we have been doing in areas around St. Louis that were submerged in the great 1993 Mississippi deluge.

In the end, there are two climate threats: one created by increasing human vulnerability to calamitous weather, the other by human actions, particularly emissions of warming gases, that relentlessly shift the odds toward making today’s weather extremes tomorrow’s norm. Without addressing both dangers, there’ll be lots of regrets. But conflating them is likely to add to confusion, not produce solutions.


Andrew C. Revkin,

a former environment reporter for The Times,

writes the blog Dot Earth for nytimes.com.

Weird Weather in a Warming World,
NYT,
7.9.2010,
https://www.nytimes.com/2010/09/08/
opinion/08revkin.html 

 

 

 

 

 

2 Missing Boys

Found Encased in Lake Ice

 

April 2, 2007

Filed at 2:25 p.m. ET

The New York Times

By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS

 

MINNEAPOLIS (AP) -- The tiny bodies of two young brothers who disappeared while playing outside their home on the Red Lake Indian Reservation were found encased in ice in nearby First Thunders Lake, four months after the search for them began.

''Our worst fears were confirmed,'' FBI Special Agent Ralph Boelter said, announcing that the boys had been found about a half-mile from their home.

Police dogs picked up the scent of Tristan Anthony White, 4, and Avery Lee Stately, 2, on Sunday, the first day of organized searching after the weather warmed, Boelter said.

The two boys, both American Indian, disappeared Nov. 22 from their home in a remote area near the Canadian border. Authorities have not determined whether they somehow wandered out onto the lake's thin ice and fell in or if foul play was involved in their deaths.

They might have been trying to reach a beaver dam, which was near where the bodies were found, Boelter said.

Divers had searched First Thunders Lake shortly after the two were reported missing, and hundreds of volunteers and law enforcement officers scoured the area, but they found no sign of the boys. The initial ground search was called off after five days. Boelter said search teams resumed their work on Sunday with the warmer weather.

''There's a lot of mud and weeds down there,'' Tribal Chairman Floyd (Buck) Jourdain Jr. told the Star-Tribune. ''So, it's not unimaginable that they would sink, get entangled or stuck in the mud.''

''So many people were hoping for a safe return back to their family,'' Jourdain said. ''Unfortunately, we didn't get the result we were hoping for. It is a sad day.''

The boys' mother, Alicia White, and Avery's father, Jeff Stately, had feared the children were abducted.

Authorities plan to conduct autopsies on the bodies in the coming days to help determine what happened.

''I'm grateful that we found the bodies,'' Boelter said. ''Obviously it's very tragic for the families involved as well as the Red Lake Community.''

The reservation had faced another tragedy less than two years before the boys' disappearance. On March 21, 2005, 16-year-old Jeff Weise killed his grandfather and the grandfather's girlfriend on the reservation, then went to the high school and killed seven more people, including a teacher and a security guard, before killing himself.

2 Missing Boys Found Encased in Lake Ice,
NYT,
2.4.2007,
http://www.nytimes.com/
aponline/us/AP-Missing-Children.html - broken link

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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