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Vocapedia > Religions, Faith > Islam > Muslim Women > Hijab

 

 

 

 

Hijabi by Mona Haydar (Wrap my Hijab)        Mona Haydar        27 March 2017

YouTube

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XOX9O_kVPeo

 

YouTube

http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2017/04/23/
522189436/hijabi-artist-channels-beyonc-for-debut-of-her-resistance-music-and-video

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Listening to the Voices from Hijabi World

By Julie Winokur    NYT    Aug. 8, 2016

 

 

 

http://lens.blogs.nytimes.com/2016/08/08/listening-to-the-voices-from-hijabi-world/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

My hijab is nothing to do with oppression. It's a feminist statement        G        24 June 2015

 

 

 

 

My hijab is nothing to do with oppression. It's a feminist statement

Hanna Yusuf | Comment if Free        G        24 June 2015

 

Hanna Yusuf asks why a simple piece of clothing

is seen as the very epitome of oppression.

 

She says many women find empowerment

in rejecting the idea that women can be reduced

to their sexual allure

– and we should not assume that every women

who wears the hijab has been forced into it.

 

YouTube

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t1x5Zu18f7U

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Illustration: Christina Hagerfors

 

My Unveiling Ceremony

NYT

APRIL 10, 2015

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/04/11/
opinion/mona-eltahawy-my-unveiling-ceremony.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

hijab        FR / UK / USA

 

— a form of dress

that comprises a head scarf

and usually also clothing

that covers the whole body

except for the face and hands —

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/04/11/
opinion/mona-eltahawy-my-unveiling-ceremony.html

 

https://www.npr.org/2021/02/16/
967105542/im-not-a-cover-girl-halima-aden-on-why-she-decided-to-leave-a-modeling-career

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2018/05/30/
615156632/why-some-patients-getting-drugmakers-help-are-paying-more

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/03/
opinion/sunday/iran-hijab-women-scarves.html

 

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2018/feb/02/
hijab-girls-ofsted-headscarves-british-values

 

 

 

 

http://www.npr.org/2017/07/21/
538295334/when-a-somali-american-woman-was-attacked-support-came-from-an-unlikely-source

http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2017/04/23/
522189436/hijabi-artist-channels-beyonc-for-debut-of-her-resistance-music-and-video

https://www.theguardian.com/world/video/2017/apr/05/
i-feel-so-guilty-muslim-women-discuss-removing-their-hijab-at-work-video

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2017/mar/15/
hijab-ruling-muslim-women-religious-identity-european-court-of-justice-resistance

 

 

 

 

http://www.lemonde.fr/les-decodeurs/article/2015/06/11/
niqab-hijab-burqa-des-voiles-et-beaucoup-de-confusions
_4651970_4355770.html

 

 

 

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2016/09/04/
489221890/in-orlando-a-modest-fashion-boutique-for-hijabi-women

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/08/24/
491209273/canadas-mounties-say-female-officers-can-wear-hijabs

http://lens.blogs.nytimes.com/2016/08/08/
listening-to-the-voices-from-hijabi-world/

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/apr/28/
iranian-women-hate-hijab-tehranbureau

http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2016/02/10/
466287677/muslim-community-remembers-chapel-hill-victims

http://www.npr.org/2016/01/01/
461490153/in-2015-tv-broke-ground-by-showing-relatable-women-in-hijab

 

 

 

 

http://www.npr.org/2015/12/18/
460307169/some-muslim-women-are-taking-self-defense-into-their-own-hands

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/06/08/nyregion/
a-muslim-lawyer-refuses-to-choose-between-a-career-and-a-head-scarf.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/04/11/
opinion/mona-eltahawy-my-unveiling-ceremony.html

 

 

 

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/lifeandstyle/gallery/2013/mar/06/
women-photography

http://www.guardian.co.uk/lifeandstyle/shortcuts/2013/mar/06/
lifting-veil-londons-stylish-hijab

 

 

 

 

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2012/04/
young_women_in_chechnya.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

wear the hijab,

a traditional scarf

that covers her hair and neck        USA

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/06/08/nyregion/
a-muslim-lawyer-refuses-to-choose-between-a-career-and-a-head-scarf.html

 

 

 

 

wear a hijab        USA

http://www.npr.org/2017/07/21/
538295334/when-a-somali-american-woman-was-attacked-
support-came-from-an-unlikely-source

 

 

 

 

Muslim women in the UK / Britain > Hijab        UK

https://www.theguardian.com/world/video/2017/apr/05/
i-feel-so-guilty-muslim-women-discuss-removing-their-hijab-at-work-video

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

hijab, niqab, burqa        FR / UK

 

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2018/aug/09/
boris-johnson-burqa-comments-fuel-violent-crime-muslim-women-islamophobia

 

http://www.lemonde.fr/les-decodeurs/article/2015/06/11/
niqab-hijab-burqa-des-voiles-et-beaucoup-de-confusions
_4651970_4355770.html

 

http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/video/2013/sep/23/
niqab-video-debate

http://www.theguardian.com/politics/reality-check/2013/sep/20/
how-many-wear-niqab-uk

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/sep/16/
veil-biggest-issue-uk-niqab-debate

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/sep/12/
judge-allows-muslim-woman-wear-niqab

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2009/06/06/world/middleeast/06dubai.html

 

http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2006/oct/17/immigrationpolicy.schools 

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2006/oct/17/immigration.religion 

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2006/oct/17/comment.politics2 

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2006/oct/17/politics.uk 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2006/oct/17/
gender.religion 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

My Unveiling Ceremony

 

APRIL 10, 2015

The New York Times

The Opinion Pages

Op-Ed Contributor

By MONA ELTAHAWY

 

CAIRO — I wore the hijab — a form of dress that comprises a head scarf and usually also clothing that covers the whole body except for the face and hands — for nine years. Put more honestly: I wore the hijab for nine years and spent eight of them trying to take it off.

I chose to wear the hijab at age 16, soon after my family moved from Britain to Saudi Arabia. I wanted to save my sanity, and so I struck a deal with God: I’d cover up, as I was taught a good Muslim girl should, if God would save me from a breakdown that I was sure would come in that country where women were considered the walking embodiment of sin. I wanted to hide — from eyes and hands that made going out anywhere, especially unaccompanied, hellish.

Almost immediately, I missed the wind in my hair. When I caught my reflection in a window, I did not recognize myself. I wanted to reconcile the internal and external me, but I was to discover that choosing to wear the hijab is much easier than choosing to take it off.

I finally summoned the courage to stop wearing it in 1993, when I was 25 and had moved back to my birthplace, Egypt. For years, despite my inner doubts, I represented to others my choice to veil as a feminist one. If a woman could choose to wear a miniskirt, surely I could choose to cover my hair? I wanted people to address my mind and to not objectify me, I would say. Ultimately, I could not sustain that line of thinking because, as a feminist, I demanded that people address my mind and not objectify me, regardless of how I dressed.

What helped me part ways with the hijab was a conversation my mother had with a family acquaintance. Asking after my brother and me, the man wondered if I was married. When my mother said I wasn’t, he replied: “Don’t worry. She wears a head scarf — she’ll find a husband.”

Then I understood: I wasn’t the hijab poster girl I thought I was. I was just a hijab.

After I unveiled, I remained overwhelmed with guilt. For years, I would not tell anyone that I’d once worn a head scarf.

To write about the hijab is to step into a minefield. Even among those who share my cultural and faith background, opinions veer from those who despise it as a symbol of backwardness to those for whom religion begins and ends with that piece of cloth. And while a majority of women in Egypt today are veiled, that hasn’t always been the case: The pendulum swings.

When I was a child in Egypt, none of my aunts wore head scarves. Photographs from family weddings in the 1970s show aunts with bare heads and dresses, at times standing next to belly dancers who sparkled in beaded bikinis and gauzy chiffon barely covering their legs. In today’s weddings, most of my aunts and their daughters are covered up, and there are no belly dancers.

I had one aunt, four years older than I, who adopted the hijab at age 17, in 1980. When we would go out walking, strangers would look aghast and spit insults: “What the hell are you doing?” “What is that tent you’re wearing?” Decades later, in Cairo, such public abuse is hurled at women like me who don’t veil.

There are many explanations for why women veil themselves. Some do it out of piety, believing that the Quran mandates it for modesty’s sake. Others do so because veiling visibly proclaims their Muslim identity. For yet others, the veil is a way to avoid unwanted attention and gain some freedom from harassment in public space that has become increasingly male-dominated.

The rise of Islamism, particularly the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt, has increased the prevalence of veiling. Often, the Islamists’ social control has been boosted by regimes that were nominally secular but promoted the same conservative values to burnish their religious credentials.

In 2005, I went to interview Mohammed Mahdi Akef, the Muslim Brotherhood’s spiritual leader at the time, in Cairo. I expected to be asked to cover up; whenever I’d interviewed Brotherhood leaders before, I’d been handed a scarf to wear. This time, though I was dressed in a T-shirt and trousers, the aide who ushered me in did not give me a head scarf; I was pleasantly surprised.

I asked Mr. Akef if the Brotherhood, should it ever govern Egypt, would change the Constitution to curb women’s rights — for instance, by making the veil mandatory. He insisted that the Brotherhood believed in pluralism and inclusion. Then the dialogue took a strange turn.

“And as proof,” he said, “you are here interviewing me, and you are naked.”

“I am not naked.”

“Your hair is naked, your arms are naked; according to God’s law, you are naked.”

“The verses in the Quran regarding women’s dress have been interpreted differently,” I said.

“Don’t listen to those who try to say the hijab is not mandatory. There are no different interpretations. There is just one interpretation and, according to that interpretation, you are naked.”

So much for pluralism. This is our version of the sort of “purity culture” that is promoted everywhere by the religious right, with its obsession with women’s bodies, its notion of modesty that unfairly burdens girls and women and its glorification of female virginity.

But the political revolutions that began in 2010 in the Middle East and North Africa have also inspired us to challenge social mores long taken for granted. Because I have finally been open about the fact that I once wore the hijab, I have heard from more and more women who want to unveil. “How did you take it off?” they ask. “How did you handle family pressure?”

For some who are rejecting the hijab, it’s their first public appearance without a head scarf in five or 10 years — in one case, 30. Many directly link their unveiling with the revolution and their personal understanding of freedom. What happens in Egypt influences the rest of the region; I see the pendulum swinging the other way again.

My head scarf came off 22 years ago, but I have never stopped wrestling with what veiling means for Muslim women. Authenticity is about more than a layer of cloth on one’s head. To be acknowledged as more than our head scarves is the right of every Muslim girl and woman.
 


Mona Eltahawy is the author of the forthcoming book “Headscarves and Hymens:
Why the Middle East Needs a Sexual Revolution.”

Follow The New York Times Opinion section on Facebook
and Twitter.

A version of this op-ed appears in print on April 11, 2015,
in The International New York Times.

My Unveiling Ceremony,
NYT,
APRIL 10, 2015,
http://www.nytimes.com/2015/04/11/
opinion/mona-eltahawy-my-unveiling-ceremony.html

 

 

 

 

 

FAQ: Sharia law

 

Friday February 8, 2008

Guardian

Elizabeth Stewart
 

 

What is sharia law?

A broad code of conduct governing all aspects of life, from dietary rules to the wearing of the hijab, which Muslims can choose to adopt in varying degrees as a matter of personal conscience.



Where does sharia law come from?

Sharia, meaning "way or path to the water", is derived from interpretation of the teachings of the Qur'an, the Hadith (the sayings and conduct of the prophet Muhammad) and fatwas, a type of jurisprudence of the rulings of Islamic scholars over many centuries.



Are there different interpretations of sharia?

There are five different schools of interpretation: one in the Shia tradition of Islam and four in the Sunni tradition. Middle Eastern countries of the former Ottoman empire favour the Hanafi doctrine and north African countries prefer the Maliki doctrine; Indonesia and Malaysia follow the Shafi'i doctrine; Saudi Arabia adheres to the Hanbali doctrine; and Iran follows the Shia Jaafari school. All the schools are similar, but some take a more literal approach to texts while others prefer a loose interpretation.



How is it applied in sharia states?

Sharia can be formally instituted as law by certain states and enforced by the courts. Many Muslim countries have adopted elements of sharia law governing issues such as inheritance, banking, marriage and contract law.



What are hadd offences?

The popular understanding of sharia law in Britain - such as the stoning of adulterers or the severing of a hand for thieves - relates only to a very specific set of offences known as hadd offences. Although the penalties for such offences are not universally adopted as law in most Islamic countries, these have become a potent symbol of sharia law.

Some countries, such as Saudi Arabia, claim to live under pure sharia law and enforce these penalties for hadd offences. They carry specific penalties, set by the Qur'an and by the prophet Muhammad. Offences include unlawful sexual intercourse, the drinking of alcohol, theft and highway robbery.

FAQ: Sharia law,
G,
8.2.2008,
https://www.theguardian.com/uk/2008/feb/08/
politics.religion1 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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