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Vocapedia > Religions / faith > Judaism, Jews > Antisemitism, Holocaust

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

anti-semitism / antisemitism        UK / USA

 

https://www.npr.org/2021/06/07/
1003411933/antisemitism-spikes-and-many-jews-wonder-where-are-our-allies

 

 

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/04/16/
us/massachusetts-bomb-jewish-nursing-home.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/02/17/
nyregion/hasidic-jewish-attacks.html

 

 

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/04/30/
opinion/cartoon-nytimes.html

 

https://www.npr.org/2019/04/30/
718563232/part-of-the-history-of-evil-parents-say-of-alleged-california-synagogue-shooter

 

 

 

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/11/03/
663594891/pockets-of-poison-still-exist-holocaust-survivors-reflect-on-pittsburgh-shooting

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/10/30/
661940937/funerals-begin-for-pittsburgh-shooting-victims

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/10/29/
us/anti-semitism-attacks.html

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/10/28/
661530860/pittsburgh-synagogue-shooting-victims-identified

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/10/27/
661409410/whats-known-about-robert-bowers-the-suspect-in-the-pittsburgh-synagogue-shooting

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/10/27/
661347236/multiple-casualties-in-shooting-near-pittsburgh-synagogue

 

 

 

 

http://www.npr.org/2017/05/09/
526706661/fearing-anti-semitism-some-american-jews-are-reclaiming-german-citizenship

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/04/01/
opinion/sunday/why-is-this-hate-different-from-all-other-hate.html

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/parallels/2017/02/22/
516681680/in-israel-some-wonder-where-the-outrage-is-over-u-s-anti-semitic-attacks

 

 

 

 

http://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2016/may/19/
jewish-headstones-smashed-cemetery-abhorrent-antisemitic-manchester

 

http://www.theguardian.com/world/video/2016/feb/22/
we-are-feeling-more-and-more-unsafe-tackling-antisemitism-in-manchester-video

 

http://www.npr.org/2016/02/13/
466648841/the-last-of-nazi-war-convictions-will-not-end-fight-against-anti-semitism

 

 

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/08/21/
opinion/deborah-e-lipstadt-on-the-rising-anti-semitism-in-europe.html

 

http://www.theguardian.com/society/2014/aug/07/
antisemitism-rise-europe-worst-since-nazis

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/08/02/world/europe/
anger-in-europe-over-the-israeli-gaza-conflict-reverberates-as-anti-semitism.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/06/21/world/europe/
number-of-french-jews-emigrating-to-israel-rises-sharply.html

 

 

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/10/30/
opinion/international/in-hungary-anti-semitism-rises-again.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/08/23/
opinion/on-anti-semitism-and-the-mideast.html

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2006/may/30/
comment.secondworldwar

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

antisemitic        UK

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

anti-semitic        USA

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/09/26/
opinion/contributors/valerie-plame-antisemitic-state-department.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

anti-Semitic incidents        USA

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2018/02/27/
589119452/anti-semitic-incidents-see-largest-single-year-increase-on-record-audit-finds

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/04/24/
525398277/anti-semitic-incidents-up-86-percent-compared-to-same-time-last-year

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

antisemitic act        UK

 

http://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2016/may/19/
jewish-headstones-smashed-cemetery-abhorrent-antisemitic-manchester

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

anti-Semitic attacks        USA

 

https://www.npr.org/2019/12/27/
791732222/new-york-to-increase-police-presence-after-anti-semitic-attacks

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/10/30/
661940937/funerals-begin-for-pittsburgh-shooting-victims

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/10/28/
661530860/pittsburgh-synagogue-shooting-victims-identified

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/10/27/
661409410/whats-known-about-robert-bowers-the-suspect-in-the-pittsburgh-synagogue-shooting

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/10/27/
661347236/multiple-casualties-in-shooting-near-pittsburgh-synagogue

 

 

 

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2017/04/23/
494790016/black-jewish-relations-intensified-and-tested-by-current-political-climate

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

coronavirus-linked Anti-semitic hate speech        USA

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/coronavirus-live-updates/2020/04/21/
839748857/new-report-notes-rise-in-coronavirus-linked-anti-semitic-hate-speech

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

anti-Semitic slurs        USA

 

https://www.npr.org/2019/12/29/
792134545/5-stabbed-at-hanukkah-celebration-in-new-york

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

anti-Semitic threats        USA

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/04/01/
opinion/sunday/why-is-this-hate-different-from-all-other-hate.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

anti-Semitic violence        USA

 

https://www.npr.org/2019/12/29/
792134545/5-stabbed-at-hanukkah-celebration-in-new-york

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

neo-Nazi online trolls        USA

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/01/23/
579884628/victims-of-neo-nazi-troll-storm-find-difficulties-doing-something-about-it

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

vandalism        USA

http://www.npr.org/2017/03/02/
518143844/dhs-to-help-jewish-community-centers-enhance-security-protocols

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/02/27/
517433835/headstones-vandalized-at-jewish-cemetery-in-philadelphia

 

 

 

 

 

vandalized        USA

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/02/27/
517433835/headstones-vandalized-at-jewish-cemetery-in-philadelphia

 

 

 

 

 

anti-semitic outrage        UK

http://www.theguardian.com/uk/2005/jun/05/
religion.hayfestival2005

 

 

 

 

 

anti-semitic abuse         UK

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2006/jul/31/
arts.usa 

 

 

 

 

 

antisemitic attack        UK

http://www.theguardian.com/society/2014/aug/01/
sharp-rise-uk-antisemitic-attacks-gaza-conflict

 

 

 

 

 

anti-semitic shooting        USA

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2015/08/31/
436427053/man-in-2014-anti-semitic-shooting-found-guilty-of-capital-murder

 

 

 

 

synagogue shooting        USA

https://www.npr.org/2019/04/30/
718563232/part-of-the-history-of-evil-parents-say-of-alleged-california-synagogue-shooter

 

https://www.npr.org/2019/04/29/
718373524/sites-ties-to-shootings-renews-debate-over-internet-s-role-in-radicalizing-extre

 

https://www.npr.org/2019/04/28/
718094321/terrorism-will-not-take-us-down-says-rabbi-following-deadly-shooting-in-poway

 

https://www.npr.org/2019/04/27/
717849871/injuries-reported-in-shooting-at-california-synagogue

 

 

 

 

hate crime        USA

https://www.npr.org/2019/04/27/
717849871/injuries-reported-in-shooting-at-california-synagogue

 

 

 

 

anti-Semites        USA

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/07/30/
opinion/roger-cohen-zionism-and-israels-war-with-hamas-in-gaza.html

 

 

 

 

bigotry

 

 

 

 

bigot

 

 

 

 

bigoted        USA

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/04/30/
opinion/cartoon-nytimes.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/04/28/
opinion/cartoon-nytimes.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Holocaust        UK / USA

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/jan/27/
one-in-20-britons-does-not-believe-holocaust-happened

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/01/23/
579884628/victims-of-neo-nazi-troll-storm-find-difficulties-doing-something-about-it

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/04/02/
opinion/a-time-of-bullies.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2009/04/20/
world/middleeast/20holocaust.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jewish leaders

condemn Pope over Holocaust bishop        January 2009

 

http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/comment/faith/article5591687.ece - broken URL

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Corpus of news articles

 

Religions / faith > Judaism, Jews

 

Antisemitism, Holocaust

 

 

 

On Anti-Semitism and the Mideast

 

August 22, 2011

The New York Times


To the Editor:

Re “Jews in a Whisper” (column, Aug. 21):

Roger Cohen’s acute depiction of the perpetuation of British anti-Semitism recalls the description of it in “Trials of the Diaspora,” Anthony Julius’s epic study of the topic.

“It is not Jew-hatred that we must write of,” Mr. Julius concludes, “but Jew-distrust ... it is a story of snub and insult, sly whisper and innuendo, deceit and self-deception.”

But is there not more than a touch of self-deception in Mr. Cohen’s insistence that “the task” — apparently, the only task — of diaspora Jews is to condemn the “colonization of Palestinians in the West Bank”?

Even if one shares, as I do, Mr. Cohen’s concerns about the settlements, I would have thought that if diaspora Jews or others were being assigned tasks vis-à-vis Israel, a prime one would be to respond to the torrent of calumny, one-sided and often false, that is directed at that nation on the basis of supposed standards that are applied to no other nation.

FLOYD ABRAMS
New York, Aug. 21, 2011

The writer, a First Amendment lawyer,
has represented The New York Times.

 

To the Editor:

When Roger Cohen suggests that the lesson Jews should take from British class consciousness and anti-Semitism is for Israel to end the “colonization” of the West Bank, he mimics the bigotry he is trying to expose. Does Mr. Cohen believe that the British will stop whispering when the Israelis stop building settlements?

Anti-Semitism, like other forms of bigotry, is based not on what people do, but on who they are. To suggest otherwise is to blame the victim and ignore history.

KATHERINE L. GURVEY
Lincolnshire, Ill., Aug. 21, 2011

The writer is communications director of Joint Action Committee for Political Affairs, a bipartisan political action committee dedicated to, among others, the United States-Israel relationship.

 

To the Editor:

Roger Cohen says Jews should know better: “The lesson is clear: Jews, with their history, cannot become the systematic oppressors of another people.” His reference to the plight of the Palestinians is offensive: blaming Israel. He should know better!

In 1993, Israel gave the Palestinians a chance to have their own country with the Oslo Accords. The Palestinians responded with suicide bombings and terror. Israel followed with offers in 2000 and 2008. Palestinians walked away without a counteroffer.

Since Israel won the West Bank from Jordan, the Palestinians’ life expectancy has increased, their infant mortality has been reduced, and their economy has prospered. If any fingers need to be pointed, they should be at the Palestinian leadership.

MICHAEL BERENHAUS
Potomac, Md., Aug. 21, 2011

 

To the Editor:

While I applaud Roger Cohen’s call for diaspora Jews to “be vociferous in their insistence that continued colonization of Palestinians in the West Bank” must end, I take issue with his opposition to “those who, ignoring sinister historical echoes, propose ostracizing Israeli academics and embrace an anti-Zionism that flirts with anti-Semitism.” The movement for boycott, divestment and sanctions as a means to press Israel to respect human rights and international law is very specific in not targeting individual Israeli academics, but rather institutions that collaborate with the Israeli colonial enterprise in the occupied Palestinian territories.

The conflation of criticism of Israel, or Zionism, with anti-Semitism is the first refuge of the defenders of Israel right or wrong, and is belied by the active involvement of Jews in the boycott, divestment and sanctions movement.

ALAN MEYERS
Cambridge, Mass., Aug. 21, 2011

 

The writer is a member of the steering committee

of American Jews for a Just Peace, Boston.

On Anti-Semitism and the Mideast,
NYT,
22.8.2011,
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/08/23/
opinion/on-anti-semitism-and-the-mideast.html

 

 

 

 

 

Jews in Chicago Feel Safe,

but Are Cautious

 

October 30, 2010

The New York Times

By RACHEL CROMIDAS

 

CHICAGO — Even to a block that is arguably one of the safest and most secure in the country, the news that two parcels containing explosives were shipped from Yemen and addressed to synagogues or Jewish community centers in the city gave some residents pause on Saturday.

“I’m not terribly worried — I heard on the 5 o’clock news that we weren’t one of the synagogues targeted,” said Alan Berger, a Hyde Park resident, as he arrived for services at KAM Isaiah Israel, a Reform congregation where he serves as secretary.

“But the president does live across the street,” said Mr. Berger’s wife, Paula. “You never know if some crazy will attempt to blow up the people in the synagogue.”

Reports that Chicago-area synagogues or Jewish community centers were likely targets of a terrorist attack and the return of President Obama to his hometown this weekend brought attention to the city’s security. But except for having to negotiate an extra layer of the already tight security in the neighborhood, the mood was calm among the dozen members of KAM Isaiah Israel, directly across the street from Mr. Obama’s home in Hyde Park/Kenwood, as prayer services wrapped up Saturday afternoon.

Mr. Berger, 70, said he has planned taking extra time to reach the synagogue since Mr. Obama’s election, when the route came under regular surveillance by Chicago police officers and Secret Service agents, who usually stop cars and pedestrians entering the area.

On Saturday afternoon, more than nine Chicago police cars joined half a dozen Secret Service vehicles stationed between Ellis and Greenwood Avenues. The streets around Mr. Obama’s house have been blocked off to pedestrian and car traffic other than residents since his election, and security is routinely stepped up when he is in town for an overnight stay. The president returned for a rally in Hyde Park Saturday evening, his first here since his Election Night celebration in 2008.

“This is probably the safest place in the country to be today,” said Michael Rothschild, who was touring the neighborhood with his wife, Judith, on Saturday morning. “Having Obama’s house right by the synagogue, the odds of this one being bombed are much less because it is so fortified already.”

Though federal investigators have not publicly identified the two synagogues that were targets, religious leaders and the local media have speculated that they were in Lakeview and Rogers Park, both neighborhoods on the city’s far North Side. The Federal Bureau of Investigation confirmed that KAM Isaiah Israel was not a target.

Mr. Rothschild, a professor of business at the University of Wisconsin at Madison who has researched the likelihood of terrorist attacks on the United States, said the probability of an attack was still too low to deter him from visiting the president’s neighborhood. “People tend to overweight unusual events and underweight the things that are ordinary,” he said.

The Chicago Police Department said in a news release on Friday that it was working with the Department of Homeland Security, the F.B.I. and the Joint Terrorism Task Force to protect the city and its residents. The police declined repeated requests for further comment by e-mail and phone Saturday afternoon.

“The Secret Service is paying close attention to information we receive from the intelligence community at the local, state and national level,” said Ed Donovan, an agency spokesman. He would not comment on how the agency planned to maintain security in Chicago during the president’s visit.

Andrea Maremont, 68, a North Side resident and member of Temple Sholom in Lakeview, said the threat did not worry her, despite her synagogue’s prominence and location near a lakefront highway. She said it was assumed that her synagogue was a target, “and we know we have to be on the alert. We just have to go about our business.”

Rabbi Batsheva Appel of KAM Isaiah Israel echoed the cautious optimism of other members of the city’s Jewish community as she mingled with worshipers after services Saturday.

“We do have a level of anxiety,” she said. “The news of packages destined for Chicago synagogues is very sad, but there is not much we can do except be careful.”

    Jews in Chicago Feel Safe, but Are Cautious, NYT, 30.10.2010,
    http://www.nytimes.com/2010/10/31/us/31chicago.html

 

 

 

 

 

Israel:

Sirens Wail in Memory of Holocaust

 

April 21, 2009
Filed at 3:32 a.m. ET
The New York Times
By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS

 

JERUSALEM (AP) -- Frenetic Israel came to a standstill for two mournful minutes on Tuesday as air-raid sirens pierced the air in remembrance of the 6 million Jews who perished in the Nazi Holocaust.

Cars came to a halt and people froze in their tracks, many with heads bowed, in memory of the victims. An official wreath-laying ceremony at Yad Vashem, Israel's Holocaust memorial, was to follow. In deference to the solemnity of the day, restaurants, bars and places of entertainment were closed.

Israeli leaders Monday vowed that there would not be a second Holocaust, their pledges ringing in the shadow of a U.N. conference against racism in Geneva perceived as anti-Semitic.

At the opening ceremony for the memorial day on Monday night, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu criticized the president of Switzerland for meeting Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad ahead of the conference. The Iranian leader has suggested that the Holocaust never happened and has repeatedly called for Israel's annihilation.

Speaking at the U.N.-sponsored racism conference on Monday, Ahmadinejad accused the West of using the Holocaust as a ''pretext'' for aggression against Palestinians.

''We will not allow the Holocaust deniers to carry out another Holocaust against the Jewish people. This is the supreme duty of the state of Israel. This is my supreme duty as prime minister of Israel,'' Netanyahu said, speaking at Yad Vashem.

Israel boycotted the conference, along with the U.S. and eight other countries.

In research released to coincide with the memorial day, a study by the Stephen Roth Institute for the Study of Contemporary Anti-Semitism and Racism at Tel Aviv University found that the number of anti-Semitic incidents worldwide diminished by 11 percent in 2008 but spiked during Israel's offensive in the Gaza Strip in January.

The Israeli researchers, working in cooperation with the European Jewish Congress, noted a theme in anti-Israel demonstrations: equating Israel with Nazi Germany, with signs incorporating the Israeli star with the Nazi swastika. The report said the intention was ''to underline that if Nazism, the monster of the modern era, has no right to exist, then the Jewish state and its supporters, too, should be eliminated.''

Demographer Sergio DellaPergola of Hebrew University of Jerusalem calculated that if the Holocaust had not occurred, the world's Jewish population might have been more than double what it is now -- 32 million instead of 13 million.

    Israel: Sirens Wail in Memory of Holocaust, NYT, 21.4.2009,
    http://www.nytimes.com/aponline/2009/04/21/
    world/AP-ML-Israel-Holocaust.html

 

 

 

 

 

Anti-Semitic violence

nears record level

 

Saturday, 17 May 2008

The Independent

By Emily Dugan

 

The number of anti-Semitic attacks in Britain has reached its second-highest level ever, MPs have been told. Figures from a charity show 547 such incidents were recorded last year, of which a record 114 were violent assaults.

The Community Security Trust (CST), which works to protect the Jewish community from persecution, collated the figures by counting every recorded anti-Semitic assault, threat, act of abuse, mass-produced literature and damage and desecration of Jewish property across the country.

Just this week, anti-Semitic graffiti was daubed across the pavements and walls of the orthodox Jewish neighbourhood of Stamford Hill in north London. CST say similar incidents happen in Britain every day.

Mark Gardner, a spokesman for CST, said: "We have over twice as many incidents being reported to us per annum now than in the 1990s. We're concerned that what we're seeing is not merely because of a difficult time internationally and in the Middle East, but that it's becoming more endemic and we're really, really concerned about that."

Mr Gardner said the usual allies of British Jews fear showing support would further the Zionist cause. "In the 1990s, when Jews faced attacks from the far right there was a lot of sympathy from the liberal left establishments, but today the same voices simply see anti-Semitism as something useful to Zionists.

"Jewish people are feeling increasingly isolated in this struggle as far as traditional allies are concerned. It's disappointing that people who accept fears expressed by other minority groups are so quick to slap down fears expressed by the Jewish community." In a Commons debate on the issue this week, the Cohesion minister Parmjit Dhanda said the number of incidents of anti-Semitism was worryingly high, and called on the Government to continue to bear down on the problem. "We do recognise that there is no room for complacency," said Mr Dhanda. "The number of such incidences in the UK remains far too high. The Community Security Trust recorded 547 incidents during the course of 2007. Although this represents an 8 per cent fall over the previous year, it is still the second-worst actually on record."

Jon Benjamin, the chief executive of the Board of Deputies of British Jews, said they were "extremely encouraged" by the Government's response. He said anti-Semitism had been a reality in the Jewish community for years in Britain, but there had been further signs it was getting worse.

"We know our community buildings have to be secure, and our schools need security," he said. "The quality of life for Jews here is good, but there are perceptible changes, such as the graffiti this week. People wearing head coverings to synagogue on a Saturday morning can feel somewhat vulnerable."

The total of incidents is slightly down on last year's record, but the most alarming change is the number of these that were violent assaults. This figure has risen to 114, the highest since CST records began in 1984.

The Conservative MP Paul Goodman said that while many places of worship were targets for hate crime, synagogues were becoming singularly dangerous. "Only one religious institution in Britain is under threat to such a degree that those who attend are advised not to linger outside after worship, namely the synagogue," he said.

Anti-Semitic violence nears record level,
I, 17.5.2008,
http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/crime/
antisemitic-violence-nears-record-level-829984.html

 

 

 

 

 

From Auschwitz,

a Torah as Strong as Its Spirit

 

April 30, 2008

The New York Times

By JAMES BARRON

 

The back story of how a Torah got from the fetid barracks of Auschwitz to the ark of the Central Synagogue at Lexington Avenue and 55th Street is one the pastor of the Lutheran church down the street sums up as simply “miraculous.”

It is the story of a sexton in the synagogue in the Polish city of Oswiecim who buried most of the sacred scroll before the Germans stormed in and later renamed the city Auschwitz. It is the story of Jewish prisoners who sneaked the rest of it — four carefully chosen panels — into the concentration camp.

It is the story of a Polish Catholic priest to whom they entrusted the four panels before their deaths. It is the story of a Maryland rabbi who went looking for it with a metal detector. And it is the story of how a hunch by the rabbi’s 13-year-old son helped lead him to it.

This Torah, more than most, “is such an extraordinary symbol of rebirth,” said Peter J. Rubinstein, the rabbi of Central Synagogue. “As one who has gone to the camps and assimilates into my being the horror of the Holocaust, this gives meaning to Jewish survival.”

On Wednesday, the restored Torah will be rededicated in honor of Holocaust Remembrance Day, which for more than 20 years the congregation of Central Synagogue has observed in conjunction with its neighbor, St. Peter’s Lutheran Church, at Lexington Avenue and 54th Street. The senior pastor, the Rev. Amandus J. Derr, said that next to Easter, the Holocaust memorial is “the most important service I attend every year.”

The Torah from Auschwitz “is a very concrete, tactile piece of that remembrance — of what people, some of whom did it in the name of Christ, did to people who were Jewish,” Pastor Derr said, “and the remembrance itself enables us to be prepared to prevent that from happening again.”

A Torah scroll contains the five books of Moses, and observant Jews read a portion from it at services. Its ornate Hebrew must be hand-lettered by specially trained scribes, and it is considered unacceptable if any part is marred or incomplete. For years, Jews around the world have worked to recover and rehabilitate Torahs that disappeared or were destroyed during the Holocaust, returning them to use in synagogues.

This Torah remained hidden for more than 60 years, buried where the sexton had put it, until Rabbi Menachem Youlus, who lives in Wheaton, Md., and runs the nonprofit Save a Torah foundation, began looking for it about eight years ago. Over two decades, Rabbi Youlus said, the foundation has found more than 1,000 desecrated Torahs and restored them, a painstaking and expensive process. This one was elusive. But Rabbi Youlus was determined.

He had heard a story told by Auschwitz survivors: Three nights before the Germans arrived, the synagogue sexton put the Torah scrolls in a metal box and buried them. The sexton knew that the Nazis were bent on destroying Judaism as well as killing Jews.

But the survivors did not know where the sexton had buried the Torah. Others interested in rescuing the Torah after the war had not found it.

As for what happened during the war, “I personally felt the last place the Nazis would look would be in the cemetery,” Rabbi Youlus said in a telephone interview Tuesday, recalling his pilgrimage to Auschwitz, in late 2000 or early 2001, in search of the missing Torah. “So that was the first place I looked.”

With a metal detector, because, if the story was correct, he was hunting for a metal box in a cemetery in which all the caskets were made of wood, according to Jewish laws of burial. The metal detector did not beep. “Nothing,” the rabbi said. “I was discouraged.”

He went home to Maryland. One of his sons, Yitzchok, then 13, wondered if the cemetery was the same size as in 1939. They went online and found land records that showed that the present-day cemetery was far smaller than the original one.

Rabbi Youlus went back in 2004 with his metal detector, aiming it at the spot where the g’neeza — a burial plot for damaged Torahs, prayer books or other papers containing God’s name — had been. It beeped as he passed a house that had been built after World War II.

He dug near the house and found the metal box. But when he opened it, he discovered the Torah was incomplete. “It was missing four panels,” he said. “The obvious question was, why would the sexton bury a scroll that’s missing four panels? I was convinced those four panels had a story themselves.”

They did, as he learned when he placed an ad in a Polish newspaper in the area “asking if anyone had parchment with Hebrew letters.”

“I said I would pay top dollar,” Rabbi Youlus said. “The response came the next day from a priest. He said, ‘I know exactly what you’re looking for, four panels of a Torah.’ I couldn’t believe it.”

He compared the lettering and the pagination, and paid the priest. (How much, he would not say. The project was underwritten by David M. Rubenstein, a co-founder of the Carlyle Group. Mr. Rubenstein was tied at No. 165 on the Forbes 400 last year with a reported fortune of $2.5 billion; in December, he paid $21.3 million for a 710-year-old copy of the Magna Carta, a British declaration of human rights that served as the foundation for the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution.)

The priest “told me the panels were taken into Auschwitz by four different people,” Rabbi Youlus said. “I believe they were folded and hidden.” One of the panels contained the Ten Commandments from Exodus, a portion that, when chanted aloud each year, the congregation stands to hear. Another contained a similar passage from Deuteronomy.

The priest, who was born Jewish, was himself an Auschwitz survivor. He told Rabbi Youlus that the people with the four sections of the Torah gave them to him before they were put to death.

“He kept all four pieces until I put that ad in the paper,” Rabbi Youlus said. “As soon as I put that ad in the paper, he knew I must be the one with the rest of the Torah scroll.” (Rabbi Youlus said that the priest has since died.)

Rabbi Youlus said that nearly half the Torah’s lettering needed repair, work that the foundation has done over the past few years. Thirty-seven letters were left unfinished: 36, or twice the number that symbolizes “life” in Hebrew, will be filled in by members of the congregation before the service on Wednesday, the 37th at the ceremony.

Rabbi Youlus called it “a good sturdy Torah, even if it hasn’t been used in 65 years.” The plan is to make it available every other year to the March of the Living, an international educational program that arranges for Jewish teenagers to go to Poland on Holocaust Remembrance Day, to march from Auschwitz to its companion death camp, Birkenau.

“This really is an opportunity to look up to the heavens and say, he who laughs last, laughs best,” Rabbi Youlus said. “The Nazis really thought they had wiped Jews off the face of the earth, and Judaism. Here we are taking the ultimate symbol of hope and of Judaism and rededicating it and using it in a synagogue. And we’ll take it to Auschwitz. You can’t beat that.”

From Auschwitz, a Torah as Strong as Its Spirit,
NYT,
30.4.2008,
http://www.nytimes.com/2008/04/30/
nyregion/30torah.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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