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Vocapedia > Health > Microbes, Pathogens > Bacteria, Bacterial diseases > E Coli

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Escherichia coli (E. coli)

 

Escherichia coli (E. coli)

is a type of bacteria common

in human and animal intestines,

and forms part of the normal gut flora

(the bacteria that exist in the bowel).

 

There are a number of different types of E. coli

and while the majority are harmless

some can cause serious food poisoning

and serious infection.

 

For example,

E. coli bacteria are a common cause of cystitis,

an infection of the bladder that occurs

when there is a spread of the bacteria

from the gut to the urinary system.

 

Women are more susceptible

to urinary tract infection by E. coli

because of the close proximity

of the urethra and the anus.

 

Some types of E. coli

can cause gastrointestinal infections.

 

As the bacteria can survive outside of the body,

its levels serve as a measure of general hygiene

and faecal contamination of an environment.

 

A common mode of infection

is by eating food that is contaminated

with the bacteria.

 

Some E. coli strains

produce toxins (Shiga toxins)

that can cause severe illness.

 

One common strain called E. coli 0157

produces such toxins and is usually responsible

for the outbreaks that are covered by the news.

https://www.nhs.uk/news/food-and-diet/facts-about-e-coli/ - September 14, 2009

 

 

https://www.nhs.uk/news/food-and-diet/facts-about-e-coli/ - September 14, 2009

https://www.theguardian.com/world/e-coli

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/shortcuts/2019/oct/23/
bathroom-hygiene-spread-e-coli-infections

 

 

 

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2018/08/29/
642646707/investigators-track-contaminated-lettuce-outbreak-to-a-cattle-feedlot

 

 

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/oct/05/
two-children-from-same-family-die-after-contracting-e-coli 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/jun/01/
romaine-lettuce-e-coli-outbreak-arizona-deaths

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

spread E coli        UK

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/shortcuts/2019/oct/23/
bathroom-hygiene-spread-e-coli-infections

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bacterial bloodstream infections            UK

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/shortcuts/2019/oct/23/
bathroom-hygiene-spread-e-coli-infections

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

routes        UK

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/shortcuts/2019/oct/23/
bathroom-hygiene-spread-e-coli-infections

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 E. Coli Outbreak        USA

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2018/08/29/
642646707/investigators-track-contaminated-lettuce-outbreak-to-a-cattle-feedlot

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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