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Vocapedia > USA > Law, Justice > Federal justice

 

Act, U.S. Department of Justice, Justice Department prosecutor,

Attorney General, Pardon Attorney, Indictment

 

 

 

Dzhokhar Tsarnaev, second from left,

flanked by his defense lawyers,

showed no emotion Wednesday

as a clerk delivered the jury’s guilty verdict

in the Boston Marathon bombing trial.

 

Ilustration: Jane Flavell Collins,

via Associated Press

 

Dzhokhar Tsarnaev Is Guilty on All 30 Counts

in Boston Marathon Bombing

NYT

APRIL 8, 2015

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/04/09/us/
dzhokhar-tsarnaev-verdict-boston-marathan-bombing-trial.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

U.S. Justice Department / the U.S. Department of Justice    DoJ

 

https://www.justice.gov/

 

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/congress-electoral-college-tally-live-updates/2021/01/09/
955258659/3-charged-in-capitol-break-in-including-men-identified-in-viral-images

 

 

 

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/07/14/
628905825/the-russia-investigations-6-key-insights-from-the-cyberspy-indictment

 

https://apps.npr.org/documents/
document.html?id=4598895-DOJ-Russia-DNC-Hack-Indictment

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/07/13/
628773789/deputy-attorney-general-rod-rosenstein-unveils-new-hacking-charges-in-dnc-case

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/03/06/
591301485/justice-department-sues-california-over-immigration-laws

 

 

 

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/03/11/
519836024/u-s-attorney-preet-bharara-says-he-was-fired-by-justice-department

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/02/04/
513415447/airlines-again-board-travelers-barred-by-travel-order-as-trump-vows-to-fight

 

http://www.npr.org/2017/02/04/
513446463/who-is-judge-james-l-robart-and-why-did-he-block-trumps-immigration-order

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/01/13/
509665735/shots-in-the-back-children-tasered-doj-details-excessive-force-by-chicago-police

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/01/13/
509646186/doj-severely-deficient-training-has-led-to-pattern-of-abuse-by-chicago-police

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/01/12/
509520381/doj-watchdog-to-review-conduct-of-fbi-other-justice-officials-ahead-of-election

 

 

 

 

http://www.npr.org/2016/08/02/
488368712/what-would-donald-trumps-department-of-justice-look-like

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/09/07/
opinion/sunday/inquiry-into-ferguson-mo-police-practices-is-just-a-start.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/08/12/us/
justice-dept-seeks-to-curtail-stiff-drug-sentences.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/07/15/us/
justice-department-to-restart-hate-crime-investigation-in-trayvon-martins-death.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/07/26/
business/halliburton-pleads-guilty-to-destroying-evidence-after-gulf-spill.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

at the Justice Department

 

 

 

 

U.S. Department of Justice > the Criminal Division    CRM

https://www.justice.gov/criminal

 

 

 

 

federal judiciary

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/02/09/us/
gay-marriage-set-to-begin-in-alabama-amid-protest.html

 

 

 

 

sue

https://www.npr.org/2018/03/06/
591301485/justice-department-sues-california-over-immigration-laws

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

US Department of Justice > US attorney general

 

The Judiciary Act of 1789

created the Office of the Attorney General

https://www.justice.gov/ag

 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_Attorney_General

 

 

 

 

U.S. Attorney General

the nation’s top law enforcement official

 

https://www.justice.gov/ag

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/05/09/
opinion/sunday/michael-flynn-william-barr-justice-department.html

 

 

 

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/06/11/
618988483/attorney-general-denies-asylum-to-victims-of-domestic-abuse-gang-violence

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/05/22/
611920968/this-salvadoran-woman-is-at-the-center-of-the-attorney-generals-asylum-crackdown

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/02/09/
583698634/in-his-first-year-as-attorney-general-sessions-transforms-justice-in-key-ways

 

http://www.npr.org/2017/03/27/
521680263/attorney-general-orders-crackdown-on-sanctuary-cities-threatens-holding-funds

 

 

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/11/19/
opinion/jeff-sessions-as-attorney-general-an-insult-to-justice.html

 

http://www.npr.org/2016/11/18/
502594151/trumps-pick-for-attorney-general-known-for-hard-line-immigration-stance

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/11/07/
348021773/janet-reno-first-female-u-s-attorney-general-dies-at-78

 

 

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/07/27/us/
politics/lynch-says-death-in-custody-highlights-fears-among-blacks.html

 

http://www.npr.org/blogs/thetwo-way/2015/04/27/
402563409/loretta-lynch-sworn-in-as-attorney-general

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/04/22/us/
at-supreme-court-holders-justice-dept-routinely-backs-officers-use-of-force.html

 

 

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/09/30/
opinion/joe-nocera-the-hole-in-holders-legacy.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/09/26/
opinion/eric-holders-legacy.html

http://www.npr.org/blogs/itsallpolitics/2014/09/26/
351728857/why-we-wont-see-the-likes-of-eric-holder-again

http://www.npr.org/2014/09/26/
351559552/despite-a-bumpy-tenure-holder-had-a-broad-impact

http://www.npr.org/blogs/thetwo-way/2014/09/25/
351363171/eric-holder-to-step-down-as-attorney-general

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/08/18/us/
politics/independent-michael-brown-autopsy-planned-by-obama-administration.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/02/25/us/
holder-says-state-attorneys-general-dont-have-to-defend-gay-marriage-bans.html

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2013/jul/16/
eric-holder-stand-your-ground-george-zimmerman

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/08/12/us/
justice-dept-seeks-to-curtail-stiff-drug-sentences.html

http://www.justice.gov/iso/opa/ag/speeches/2013/
ag-speech-130812.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2009/09/23/us/
politics/23secrets.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2008/12/03/
opinion/03wed1.html

 

http://www.usatoday.com/news/washington/2006-04-20-
gonzales-child-porn_x.htm

 

 

 

 

 

be sworn in as U.S. Attorney General

http://www.npr.org/blogs/thetwo-way/2015/04/27/
402563409/loretta-lynch-sworn-in-as-attorney-general

 

 

 

 

acting Attorney General

http://www.npr.org/2017/01/30/
512534805/justice-department-wont-defend-trumps-immigration-order

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Attorney General of Maryland

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/06/12/
532635888/attorneys-general-of-maryland-and-d-c-sue-trump-over-his-hotel

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

New York Attorney General

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/live-updates-protests-for-racial-justice/2020/09/05/
910118839/new-york-attorney-general-to-empanel-grand-jury-in-daniel-prude-death-investigat

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Attorney General of District of Columbia / D.C.

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/06/12/
532635888/attorneys-general-of-maryland-and-d-c-sue-trump-over-his-hotel 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

U.S. Attorney for the Western District of North Carolina

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/06/23/
534128363/north-carolina-televangelist-indicted-on-charges-of-tax-crimes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

be prosecuted under the Hate Crimes Prevention Act        USA

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/05/16/
528602477/1st-man-prosecuted-for-federal-hate-crime-targeting-transgender-victim-gets-49-y

 

 

 

 

hate crimes legislation        October 28, 2009        USA

http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=114237513

 

 

 

 

be prosecuted for federal hate crime        USA

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/05/16/
528602477/1st-man-prosecuted-for-federal-hate-crime-targeting-transgender-victim-gets-49-y

 

 

 

 

 found N guilty on all 33 counts of federal hate crimes        USA

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/12/15/
505723552/jury-finds-dylann-roof-guilty-in-s-c-church-shooting

 

 

 

 

Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/04/05/
opinion/grandstanding-on-prisons-in-texas.html

 

 

 

 

Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act    FISA        1978

http://www.nytimes.com/topic/subject/foreign-intelligence-surveillance-act-fisa

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/03/12/us/
how-a-courts-secret-evolution-extended-spies-reach.html

 

http://bits.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/06/28/
secret-court-declassifies-yahoos-role-in-disclosure-fight/

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/06/14/
technology/secret-court-ruling-put-tech-companies-in-data-bind.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/12/29/us/
politics/senate-votes-to-extend-electronic-surveillance-authority-under-fisa.html

 

 

 

 

1964 Civil Rights Act

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/04/05/
522670604/lgbt-employees-protected-by-federal-law-appeals-court-rules

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

habeas corpus

 

Habeas corpus is the legal concept

that a prisoner has a right

to challenge the basis of confinement

-- to demand that the government

produce a valid reason for detention.

 

The concept was developed in England

during the late Middle Ages,

and takes its name from the first two Latin words

of the writ filed for a prisoner's release

(a phrase translated variously as

"You have the body'' and "Produce the body.'')

 

Habeas corpus formed a part

of the American legal system from colonial times,

and it was the only specific right

incorporated in the Constitution.

 

Article 1, Section 9 states,

"The privilege of the Writ of Habeas Corpus

shall not be suspended,

unless when in Cases of Rebellion or Invasion

the public Safety may require it."

 

The suspension of habeas corpus

allows an agency to hold a person

without a charge.

 

Habeas corpus

has been suspended a number of times,

most notably by Abraham Lincoln

during the early days of the Civil War.

 

Habeas corpus

became a subject of renewed controversy

after the Sept. 11th attacks.

 

When the Bush administration

created a system of military tribunals

for dealing with terrorism subjects in 2002,

it asserted that "illegal non-combatants''

fell outside of the Geneva Conventions

and were not entitled to habeas corpus.

 

That view was rejected

by the Supreme Court in 2006.

 

Congress,

then controlled by Republicans,

responded by passing

the Military Commissions Act of 2006,

which stripped the federal courts of jurisdiction

to hear habeas corpus petitions

filed by detainees challenging the bases

for their confinement.

 

Instead,

such challenges were to be governed

by the 2005 Detainee Treatment Act,

which allowed detainees to appeal decisions

of the military tribunals

to the District of Columbia Circuit,

but only under circumscribed procedures,

including a presumption that the evidence

before the military tribunal

was accurate and complete.

 

In a 5 to 4 decision

issued on June 12, 2008,

the Supreme Court ruled

that approach to be unconstitutional,

declaring that foreign terrorism suspects held

at the Guantánamo Bay naval base in Cuba

have the right to challenge their detention there

in federal courts.

http://www.nytimes.com/topic/subject/habeas-corpus

 

https://www.nytimes.com/topic/subject/habeas-corpus  

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/09/25/world/asia/us-
hearings-again-sought-for-3-detainees.html

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/magazine/4329839.stm

http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/magazine/4329839.stm

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2008/11/07/washington/07gitmo.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

relationship between federal and state prosecutions

 

http://www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2013/07/15/
should-zimmerman-face-federal-charges/
federal-prosecution-ia-step-to-be-taken-only-with-great-caution

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

federal prosecution of lower-level drug offenders

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/08/14/
opinion/smarter-sentencing.html

 

http://www.justice.gov/iso/opa/ag/speeches/2013/
ag-speech-130812.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

federal prosecutors / U.S. attorneys

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/03/26/
nyregion/venezuela-president-drug-trafficking-nicolas-maduro.html

 

https://www.npr.org/2020/02/14/
806145816/r-kelly-faces-new-charges-from-illinois-federal-prosecutors

 

 

 

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/11/20/
669652099/rapper-tekashi-6ix9ine-indicted-for-armed-robbery-racketeering-drug-trafficking

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/11/09/
666319327/man-suspected-of-mailing-pipe-bombs-is-indicted-and-faces-life-in-prison

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/10/27/
661347236/multiple-casualties-in-shooting-near-pittsburgh-synagogue

 

 

 

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/07/24/
539051518/truck-driver-charged-with-human-smuggling-after-10-die-in-stifling-conditions

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/06/06/
opinion/us-attorneys-trump.html

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/03/11/
519836024/u-s-attorney-preet-bharara-says-he-was-fired-by-justice-department

 

 

 

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/11/16/
502364782/alleged-new-york-bomber-ahmad-khan-rahimi-indicted-on-federal-charges

 

http://www.npr.org/blogs/thetwo-way/2015/04/21/
401318674/in-sentencing-phase-prosecutors-say-tsarnaev-is-unrepentant-and-unchanged

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/08/19/nyregion/
in-five-years-in-office-us-prosecutor-touches-new-yorks-biggest-story-lines.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/11/23/nyregion/
3-found-guilty-in-citytime-corruption-trial.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/28/nyregion/
former-army-sergeant-became-contract-killer-authorities-say.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Justice Department prosecutor

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/01/10/us/
politics/prosecutors-said-to-recommend-charges-against-former-gen-david-petraeus.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

allege

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/11/20/
669652099/rapper-tekashi-6ix9ine-indicted-for-armed-robbery-racketeering-drug-trafficking

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

be charged with drug trafficking

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/03/26/
nyregion/venezuela-president-drug-trafficking-nicolas-maduro.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

be charged

with 29 federal counts

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/10/27/
661347236/multiple-casualties-in-shooting-near-pittsburgh-synagogue

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

be charged

by federal prosecutors

 

https://www.npr.org/2020/02/14/
806145816/r-kelly-faces-new-charges-from-illinois-federal-prosecutors

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

be charged

in a federal criminal complaint

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/09/20/
494751738/domestic-dispute-triggered-fbi-scrutiny-of-bombing-suspect-in-2014

 

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2016/09/20/nyregion/
document-Federal-Charges-Against-Rahami.html

 

 

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2013/04/22/us/
tsarnaev-court-appearance.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2013/04/22/us/
tsarnaev-complaint.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jacob Anthony Chansley,

Adam Johnson and Derrick Evans

were all charged

in a federal court Saturday

for their alleged actions

during Wednesday's (6 January 2021)

insurrection at the U.S. Capitol

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/congress-electoral-college-tally-live-updates/2021/01/09/
955258659/3-charged-in-capitol-break-in-including-men-identified-in-viral-images

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

charge N

with "removing classified material

from a government facility

and mailing it to a news outlet."

 

http://www.npr.org/2017/06/07/
531956597/reality-winner-accused-nsa-leaker-to-enter-not-guilty-plea

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

charge N with "transporting illegal aliens"

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/07/24/
539051518/truck-driver-charged-with-human-smuggling-after-10-die-in-stifling-conditions

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

face federal hate crime charges

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/06/27/
623914419/federal-hate-crime-charges-for-driver-at-charlottesville-white-nationalist-rally

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

non-prosecution agreement / plea deal

 

https://www.npr.org/2019/07/10/
740159741/former-u-s-prosecutor-discusses-jeffrey-epsteins-2008-plea-deal 

 

https://www.npr.org/2019/07/10/
740528317/labor-secretary-alex-acosta-defends-his-handling-of-jeffrey-epstein-plea-deal

 

https://www.npr.org/2019/06/25/
735804464/jeffrey-epsteins-sex-offender-plea-deal-must-stand-federal-prosecutors-say

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/09/14/
647825731/paul-manafort-concludes-plea-deal

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ask a federal judge to throw out the case

 

http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2006-02-03-
nsa-bridge_x.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

justice

 

http://www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2013/07/15/
should-zimmerman-face-federal-charges/federal-prosecution-is-about-justice

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Justice Department > Office of the Pardon Attorney

 

This office assists the president

in exercising his power of executive clemency,

including pardons and the commutations of sentences.

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/12/22/us/
a-dealer-serving-life-without-having-taken-one.html

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2013/12/20/us/
20commutation-letter-clarence-aaron.html

 

 

 

 

clemency > federal pardon policy

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/08/19/
opinion/its-time-to-overhaul-clemency.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

constitutional

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/01/01/nyregion/
federal-judge-upholds-majority-of-new-york-gun-law.html

 

 

 

 

unconstitutional

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/05/26/
530289200/life-without-parole-sentences-for-d-c-sniper-thrown-out-by-judge

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2015/05/29/
410560051/idahos-abortion-ban-is-unconstitutional-federal-court-says

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/07/23/us/
judge-blocks-north-dakota-abortion-restrictions.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

federal court

http://www.npr.org/sections/therecord/2017/07/21/
538501163/spotify-sued-yet-again-over-compositions

http://www.npr.org/2017/05/08/
527452720/president-trump-gets-a-head-start-on-shaping-the-federal-courts

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/12/13/
opinion/judges-needed-for-federal-courts.html

 

 

 

 

Nashville's federal court

http://www.npr.org/sections/therecord/2017/07/21/
538501163/spotify-sued-yet-again-over-compositions

 

 

 

 

file a lawsuit

http://www.npr.org/sections/therecord/2017/07/21/
538501163/spotify-sued-yet-again-over-compositions

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

federal officials > indict

https://www.npr.org/2018/11/20/
669796003/federal-officials-indict-more-than-40-people-linked-to-white-supremacist-prison-

 

 

 

 

be indicted in federal court

on numerous charges

that include alleged involvement

in shootings, armed robbery and drug trafficking.

https://www.npr.org/2018/11/20/
669652099/rapper-tekashi-6ix9ine-indicted-for-armed-robbery-racketeering-drug-trafficking

 

 

 

 

be indicted by a federal grand jury

 

be charged

with trying to evade cash withdrawal requirements,

and with lying to the FBI about it.

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2015/05/28/
410366275/former-house-speaker-hastert-indicted-in-probe-into-3-5m-in-withdrawals

 

 

 

 

be indicted

by a federal grand jury

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2015/03/27/
395795175/alabama-police-officer-who-severely-injured-indian-man-is-indicted

 

 

 

 

 be indicted

on eight federal criminal charges related to N

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/11/16/
502364782/alleged-new-york-bomber-ahmad-khan-rahimi-indicted-on-federal-charges

 

 

 

 

be indicted

on 22 counts by a federal grand jury

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/01/26/
511840287/alleged-ft-lauderdale-shooter-indicted-for-airport-killings

 

 

 

 

be indicted

on charges of tax fraud

(by U.S. Attorney

for the Western District of North Carolina)

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/06/23/
534128363/north-carolina-televangelist-indicted-on-charges-of-tax-crimes

 

 

 

 

be indicted / be charged

https://www.npr.org/2018/11/09/
666319327/man-suspected-of-mailing-pipe-bombs-is-indicted-and-faces-life-in-prison

 

 

 

 

indictement

https://www.npr.org/2018/11/20/
669652099/rapper-tekashi-6ix9ine-indicted-for-armed-robbery-racketeering-drug-trafficking

 

 

 

 

30-count indictment

https://www.npr.org/2018/11/09/
666319327/man-suspected-of-mailing-pipe-bombs-is-indicted-and-faces-life-in-prison

 

 

 

 

federal grand jury > find N guilty

https://www.npr.org/2018/07/17/
629830383/texas-man-found-guilty-of-hate-crime-for-burning-mosque

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

arraignment > suspect

 

appear in court

in a gray striped prison jumpsuit,

his hands in shackles

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2015/07/31/
428139323/dylann-roof-pleads-not-guilty-to-federal-hate-crime-charges

 

 

 

 

arraignment > suspect

 

plead not guilty

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2015/07/31/
428139323/dylann-roof-pleads-not-guilty-to-federal-hate-crime-charges

 

 

 

 

arraignment > judge

 

enter pleas of not guilty

to 33 federal hate crime counts against N

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2015/07/31/
428139323/dylann-roof-pleads-not-guilty-to-federal-hate-crime-charges

 

 

 

 

be arraigned in federal court

... on charges he paid hush money

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2015/05/30/
410792027/hastert-due-to-be-arraigned-next-week

 

 

 

 

N's arraignment on those counts

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/11/16/
502364782/alleged-new-york-bomber-ahmad-khan-rahimi-indicted-on-federal-charges

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

federal trial court

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/09/11/us/
politics/11judge.html

 

 

 

 

federal courthouse

http://dealbook.nytimes.com/2013/08/02/
in-complex-trading-case-jurors-focused-on-greed/

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/09/11/us/politics/
11judge.html

 

 

 

 

Federal District Courthouse

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/08/11/us/
in-virginia-trial-of-bob-and-maureen-mcdonnell-a-glaring-judge-sets-the-pace.html

 

 

 

 

federal courtroom

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/11/14/us/
tears-and-anguish-from-family-members-of-bulgers-victims.html

 

 

 

 

federal magistrate

 

 

 

 

federal judicial officials

 

 

 

 

federal, state and local court officials

 

 

 

 

U.S. Courts

http://www.uscourts.gov/ 

 

 

 

 

United States District Court for the District of Columbia

memorandum opinion

IN RE: SEARCH OF THE RAYBURN HOUSE OFFICE BUILDING ROOM

NUMBER 2113 WASHINGTON, D.C. 20515

http://graphics.nytimes.com/packages/pdf/national/20060710
_RAYBURN_OPINION.pdf

 

 

 

 

UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT

SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK > Opinion and order        2009

http://www1.nysd.uscourts.gov/cases/show.php?db=special&id=90

 

 

 

 

United States District Court

in Brooklyn

 

 

 

 

United States District Court

for the Western District of New York

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/01/01/nyregion/01guns-ruling.html

 

 

 

 

United States District Court - Central District of California

http://graphics8.nytimes.com/packages/pdf/PhillipsDecision.pdf

 

 

 

 

federal courthouse

 

 

 

 

federal racketeering laws

 

 

 

 

Federal District Court

http://www.nytimes.com/video/us/100000002285749/the-trial-of-whitey-bulger.html

 

 

 

 

Federal District Court for the Central District of California

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/10/13/us/13military.html

http://graphics8.nytimes.com/packages/pdf/13military/031111036449.pdf

http://graphics8.nytimes.com/packages/pdf/13military/031111036221.pdf

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/10/13/us/13military.html

http://graphics8.nytimes.com/packages/pdf/13military/031111036449.pdf

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

federal grand jury

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2015/05/28/
410366275/former-house-speaker-hastert-indicted-in-probe-into-3-5m-in-withdrawals

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/08/09/nyregion/
grand-jury-declines-to-indict-officer-in-death-of-unarmed-youth.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

receive a subpoena

to testify before a grand jury

 

http://dealbook.nytimes.com/2013/05/19/
cohen-gets-subpoena-in-sac-capital-trading-inquiry/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

federal grand jury > indictment

 

https://apps.npr.org/documents/
document.html?id=4598895-DOJ-Russia-DNC-Hack-Indictment - July 13, 2018

 

 

 

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2015/11/10/
455469921/3-indicted-in-largest-u-s-bank-breach-ever-justice-says

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2015/07/22/
425291216/charleston-shooting-suspect-roof-to-be-indicted-on-federal-hate-crime-charges

 

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2015/05/28/us/
document-indictment-of-john-dennis-hastert.html

 

 

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/28/nyregion/
former-army-sergeant-became-contract-killer-authorities-say.html

 

 

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2011/06/25/us/
25legal-bulger-doc.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

at the federal courthouse

 

 

 

 

federal affidavit

http://www.nytimes.com/2008/03/11/nyregion/11night.html

 

http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2006-07-03-iraq-charges_x.htm

 

 

 

 

rule

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/09/10/us/
10gays.html

 

 

 

 

ruling / opinion / memorandum opinion

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/09/10/us/10gays.html

http://graphics8.nytimes.com/packages/pdf/PhillipsDecision.pdf

http://files.findlaw.com/news.findlaw.com/nytimes/docs/epa/nyepa31706opn.pdf

 

 

 

 

be given a new identity

in the the federal witness protection program

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

trial

http://www.nytimes.com/video/us/100000002285749/
the-trial-of-whitey-bulger.html

 

 

 

 

federal trial

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2015/09/01/
436650778/trial-begins-for-alabama-officer-accused-of-excessive-force

 

 

 

 

federal tax and bank fraud trial

https://www.npr.org/2018/08/21/
640537446/paul-manafort-jury-asks-for-instructions-about-consensus-on-1-charge

 

 

 

 

federal capital trial

http://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/01/us/
dylann-roof-execution-defense-charleston-church-shooting.html

 

 

 

 

federal corruption trial

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/11/23/nyregion/
3-found-guilty-in-citytime-corruption-trial.html

 

 

 

 

criminal corruption trial

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/08/11/us/
in-virginia-trial-of-bob-and-maureen-mcdonnell-a-glaring-judge-sets-the-pace.html

 

 

 

 

trial > prosecutor > closing argument

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/11/23/nyregion/
3-found-guilty-in-citytime-corruption-trial.html

 

 

 

 

defendant

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/11/16/
502364782/alleged-new-york-bomber-ahmad-khan-rahimi-indicted-on-federal-charges

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/03/27/nyregion/
bin-ladens-son-in-law-is-convicted-in-terror-trial.html

http://graphics8.nytimes.com/packages/pdf/PhillipsDecision.pdf

 

 

 

 

represent himself

http://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/01/us/
dylann-roof-execution-defense-charleston-church-shooting.html

 

 

 

 

federal public defender

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/11/16/
502364782/alleged-new-york-bomber-ahmad-khan-rahimi-indicted-on-federal-charges

 

 

 

 

trial > federal jury

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/08/23/
641205542/new-accounts-reveal-tension-disputes-within-jury-in-paul-manafort-trial

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/08/21/
640537446/paul-manafort-jury-asks-for-instructions-about-consensus-on-1-charge

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/08/04/
541658697/pharma-bro-martin-shkreli-convicted-of-securities-fraud

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/10/16/
558085610/federal-jury-in-n-y-convicts-man-for-crimes-of-terror-in-chelsea-bombing

 

http://www.npr.org/2017/08/04/
541658697/pharma-bro-martin-shkreli-convicted-of-securities-fraud

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/12/04/us/
donald-blankenship-massey-energy-upper-big-branch-mine.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/03/27/nyregion/
bin-ladens-son-in-law-is-convicted-in-terror-trial.html

 

 

 

 

federal jury > convict  find N guilty of N

https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/08/04/
541658697/pharma-bro-martin-shkreli-convicted-of-securities-fraud

 

 

 

 

be found guilty (...) on three counts

— two counts of securities fraud

and one count of conspiracy

to commit securities fraud —

out of a total of eight counts.

https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/08/04/
541658697/pharma-bro-martin-shkreli-convicted-of-securities-fraud

 

 

 

 

evidence, testimony, witness

http://www.npr.org/2016/12/14/
505592252/testimony-concludes-after-jury-hears-survivor-in-dylan-roof-trial

 

 

 

 

verdict

http://www.npr.org/2017/08/04/
541658697/pharma-bro-martin-shkreli-convicted-of-securities-fraud

 

 

 

 

federal trial > penalty phase / sentencing portion of the trial

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/01/04/
508174017/im-not-going-to-lie-to-you-dylann-roof-tells-jurors-at-sentencing-hearing

 

 

 

 

sentence > guilty

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/12/04/us/
donald-blankenship-massey-energy-upper-big-branch-mine.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/04/09/us/
dzhokhar-tsarnaev-verdict-boston-marathan-bombing-trial.html

 

 

 

 

sentence > be found guilty

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/11/23/nyregion/
3-found-guilty-in-citytime-corruption-trial.html

 

 

 

 

 sentence > found N guilty

on all 33 counts of federal hate crimes

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/12/15/
505723552/jury-finds-dylann-roof-guilty-in-s-c-church-shooting

 

 

 

 

find N guilty

on eight of the 18 charges

he faced in his tax and bank fraud trial

https://www.npr.org/2018/08/21/
640537446/paul-manafort-jury-asks-for-instructions-about-consensus-on-1-charge

 

 

 

 

be found guilty on three counts

— two counts of securities fraud

and one count of conspiracy

to commit securities fraud —

out of a total of eight counts.

http://www.npr.org/2017/08/04/
541658697/pharma-bro-martin-shkreli-convicted-of-securities-fraud

 

 

 

 

trial > be found guilty  ≠  be sentenced

https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/08/04/
541658697/pharma-bro-martin-shkreli-convicted-of-securities-fraud

 

 

 

 

 trial > be convicted    be condemned

https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/10/16/
558085610/federal-jury-in-n-y-convicts-man-for-crimes-of-terror-in-chelsea-bombing

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/04/11/us/
massachusetts-sentencing-phase-set-in-marathon-trial.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/11/15/us/
bulger-sentenced-to-life-in-prison.html

 

 

 

 

trial > the guilt phase of the trial

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/12/15/
505723552/jury-finds-dylann-roof-guilty-in-s-c-church-shooting

 

 

 

 

trial >  second phase > sentencing phase

http://www.npr.org/blogs/thetwo-way/2015/04/21/
401318674/in-sentencing-phase-prosecutors-say-tsarnaev-
is-unrepentant-and-unchanged

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/04/11/us/
massachusetts-sentencing-phase-set-in-marathon-trial.html

 

 

 

 

trial > second phase > sentencing phase > jurors > deliberate

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/01/10/
509166866/jury-sentences-dylann-roof-to-die

 

 

 

 

be sentenced to life in prison

https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2018/02/13/
585540292/life-in-prison-for-manhattan-bomber

 

 

 

 

be sentenced to 20 years in federal prison

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2015/08/31/
436414417/wichita-man-sentenced-to-20-years-in-airport-bomb-plot

 

 

 

 

hand down a 49-year prison sentence

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/05/16/
528602477/1st-man-prosecuted-for-federal-hate-crime-targeting-transgender-victim-gets-49-y

 

 

 

 

impose the death penalty

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/01/10/
509166866/jury-sentences-dylann-roof-to-die

 

 

 

sentence to death N

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/01/10/
509166866/jury-sentences-dylann-roof-to-die

 

 

 

 

be sentenced to death

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/01/10/
509166866/jury-sentences-dylann-roof-to-die

 

 

 

 

trial > penalty phase

http://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/01/us/
dylann-roof-execution-defense-charleston-church-shooting.html

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/12/15/
505723552/jury-finds-dylann-roof-guilty-in-s-c-church-shooting

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Justice Dept.

Seeks to Curtail Stiff Drug Sentences

 

August 12, 2013

The New York Times

By CHARLIE SAVAGE

 

WASHINGTON — In a major shift in criminal justice policy, the Obama administration will move on Monday to ease overcrowding in federal prisons by ordering prosecutors to omit listing quantities of illegal substances in indictments for low-level drug cases, sidestepping federal laws that impose strict mandatory minimum sentences for drug-related offenses.

Attorney General Eric H. Holder Jr., in a speech at the American Bar Association’s annual meeting in San Francisco on Monday, is expected to announce the new policy as one of several steps intended to curb soaring taxpayer spending on prisons and help correct what he regards as unfairness in the justice system, according to his prepared remarks.

Saying that “too many Americans go to too many prisons for far too long and for no good law enforcement reason,” Mr. Holder is planning to justify his policy push in both moral and economic terms.

“Although incarceration has a role to play in our justice system, widespread incarceration at the federal, state and local levels is both ineffective and unsustainable,” Mr. Holder’s speech says. “It imposes a significant economic burden — totaling $80 billion in 2010 alone — and it comes with human and moral costs that are impossible to calculate.”

Mr. Holder will also introduce a related set of Justice Department policies that would leave more crimes to state courts to handle, increase the use of drug-treatment programs as alternatives to incarceration, and expand a program of “compassionate release” for “elderly inmates who did not commit violent crimes and have served significant portions of their sentences.”

The policy changes appear to be part of Mr. Holder’s effort, before he eventually steps down, to bolster his image and legacy. Turmoil over the Congressional investigation into the botched Operation Fast and Furious gun trafficking case ensnared him in the Obama administration’s first term, and more recently, controversy has flared over the department’s aggressive tactics in leak investigations.

In recent weeks, he has also tightened rules on obtaining reporters’ data in leak cases and started an effort to strengthen protections for minority voters after the Supreme Court struck down part of the Voting Rights Act of 1965. The move continued an assertive approach to voting rights and other civil rights enforcement throughout his tenure.

Mr. Holder’s speech on Monday deplores the moral impact of the United States’ high incarceration rate: although it has only 5 percent of the world’s population, it has 25 percent of its prisoners, he notes. But he also attempts to pre-empt political controversy by painting his effort as following the lead of prison reform efforts in primarily conservative-led Southern states.

Under a policy memorandum being sent to all United States attorney offices on Monday, according to an administration official, prosecutors will be told that they may not write the specific quantity of drugs when drafting indictments for drug defendants who meet the following four criteria: their conduct did not involve violence, the use of a weapon or sales to minors; they are not leaders of a criminal organization; they have no significant ties to large-scale gangs or cartels; and they have no significant criminal history.

For example, in the case of a defendant accused of conspiring to sell five kilograms of cocaine — an amount that would set off a 10-year mandatory minimum sentence — the prosecutor would write that “the defendant conspired to distribute cocaine” without saying how much. The quantity would still factor in when prosecutors and judges consult sentencing guidelines, but depending on the circumstances, the result could be a sentence of less than the 10 years called for by the mandatory minimum law, the official said.

It is not clear whether current cases that have not yet been adjudicated would be recharged because of the new policy.

Amid a rise in crime rates a generation ago, state and federal lawmakers began passing a series of “tough on crime” laws, including mandatory minimum sentences for drug possession. But as crime rates have plummeted to 40-year lows and reduced the political potency of the fear of crime, fiscal pressures from the exploding cost of building and maintaining prisons have prompted states to find alternatives to incarceration.

Driven in part by a need to save money, several conservative-leaning states like Texas and Arkansas have experimented with finding ways to incarcerate fewer low-level drug offenders. The answers have included reducing prison terms for them or diverting them into treatment programs, releasing elderly or well-behaved inmates early, and expanding job training and re-entry programs.

The policy is seen as successful across the ideological divide. For example, in Texas, which was an early innovator, taxpayers have saved hundreds of millions of dollars on what had been projected as a need to build prison space. With crime rates remaining at generational lows, the space is no longer necessary.

Several years ago, a group called Right on Crime formed to push what it calls the “conservative case for reform.” Its Republican affiliates include Jeb Bush, a former Florida governor; Edwin R. Meese III, an attorney general during the Reagan administration; and Newt Gingrich, a former House speaker.

“While the federal prison system has continued to slowly expand, significant state-level reductions have led to three consecutive years of decline in America’s overall prison population — including, in 2012, the largest drop ever experienced in a single year,” Mr. Holder’s speech says. “Clearly, these strategies can work. They’ve attracted overwhelming, bipartisan support in ‘red states’ as well as ‘blue states.’ And it’s past time for others to take notice.”

Still, in states that have undertaken prison and parole overhauls, the changes were approved by state lawmakers. Mr. Holder’s reform is different: instead of going through Congress for legislation to modify mandatory minimum sentencing laws, he is invoking his power of prosecutorial discretion to sidestep them.

Earlier in Mr. Obama’s presidency, the administration went through Congress to achieve policy goals like reducing the sentencing disparity between crack and powder forms of cocaine. But it has increasingly pursued a strategy of invoking unilateral executive powers without Congress, which the White House sees as bogged down by Republican obstructionism.

Previous examples, like Mr. Obama’s decision last year to issue an executive order allowing immigrants who came to the United States illegally as children to remain without fear of deportation and to work, have drawn fire from Republicans as “power grabs” that usurp the role of Congress.

Mr. Holder’s speech marches through a litany of statistics about incarceration in the United States. The American population has grown by about a third since 1980, he said, but its prison rate has increased nearly 800 percent. At the federal level, more than 219,000 inmates are currently behind bars — nearly half for drug-related crimes — and the prisons are operating at nearly 40 percent above their official capacity.

Justice Dept. Seeks to Curtail Stiff Drug Sentences,
NYT,
12.8.2013,
http://www.nytimes.com/2013/08/12/us/
justice-dept-seeks-to-curtail-stiff-drug-sentences.html

 

 

 

 

 

Editorial

The Next Attorney General

 

December 3, 2008

The New York Times
 

If he is confirmed by the Senate as attorney general, Eric Holder, President-elect Barack Obama’s choice for the job, will inherit a Justice Department that has been mired in scandal and that has seriously lost its way in critical areas. Under President Bush, the department has been used to defend the indefensible, like indefinite detention and torture of prisoners, and to undermine rather than protect Americans’ cherished rights. Mr. Holder could be an exemplary choice to face this daunting agenda, but he must answer serious questions before the Senate votes on his confirmation.

Mr. Holder, who would be the first African-American attorney general, has a particularly good record of public service for this job. He has been a United States attorney for the District of Columbia, a prosecutor in the Justice Department’s public integrity section and a deputy attorney general under President Bill Clinton.

He has been outspoken on the most critical issue facing the department: restoring the rule of law. In a speech in June, he described the Bush administration’s anti-terrorism policies as “excessive and unlawful.” And he has called for closing the prison in Guantánamo Bay, Cuba.

But senators should ask Mr. Holder to square those views with comments he made after the Sept. 11 attacks when he defended the Bush administration’s prisoner policies by declaring that “you can think of these people as combatants and we are in the middle of a war.”

Americans need to know that Mr. Holder does not believe that detainees can be held indefinitely without being brought before a judge — and that he would stand up for the Constitution when times are tough.

There are other aspects of Mr. Holder’s record that are of concern, starting with his role in Mr. Clinton’s pardon of Marc Rich, a billionaire financier who had fled the country rather than face federal tax-evasion charges whose ex-wife, Denise Rich, had contributed heavily to the Clinton presidential library and the Democratic Party.

The Senate needs to probe that serious lapse in judgment closely to seek assurances that Mr. Holder will be unyielding about keeping political influence out of the Justice Department, which was shamefully politicized under Alberto Gonzales.

In addition to signing off on torture memos and depriving detainees of basic rights, the Bush Justice Department adopted legal positions that greatly expanded executive power. These policies must be quickly undone. The next attorney general also will have to get to the bottom of the department’s disgraceful record of politicized hiring and firing. The attorney general will need to ensure that the investigation of the firings of United States attorneys for what appear to be partisan reasons is thorough and credible, and that witnesses who have been defying subpoenas, including Karl Rove and Harriet Miers, the former White House counsel, testify under oath.

There already are people — mainly Republicans — who say investigating these matters would be divisive. But the department’s integrity cannot be restored until the truth comes out and any wrongdoers are punished.

Many parts of the Justice Department must be pointed in a new direction. In the Bush years, the voting rights section worked against voting rights. The civil rights division too often sat idly by, or supported the wrong side, when rights were infringed. The antitrust division all but abandoned its responsibility to protect the public from the harm of monopoly power.

The attorney general is the nation’s top law enforcement official. The Senate must make sure that Mr. Holder is committed to the right kind of change in that job.

The Next Attorney General,
NYT,
3.12.2008,
http://www.nytimes.com/2008/12/03/
opinion/03wed1.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > Vocapedia

 

U.S. Constitution,

U.S. Supreme Court, State Supreme Courts

 

 

justice, law > USA

 

 

justice, law > death penalty > USA

 

 

prison, jail > USA

 

 

justice > courtroom artists / miscarriage of justice > UK / USA

 

 

White House > President > Executive orders

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > Documents

 

Historical documents > USA

 

 

 

 

 

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