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Vocapedia > Gays, Gay / LGBTQ rights, Homosexuality

 

 

 

Shirley Gerow, 66,

kisses her partner Robin Burkhardt, 72,

from Central Valley, N.Y.,

as they watch the gay pride parade

on June 26, 2011 in New York.

 

Gerow and Burkhardt

have been together for 16 years.

 

Photograph: Tina Fineberg/AP

 

Boston Globe > Big Picture

LGBT pride parades        July 8, 2011

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2011/07/lgbt_pride_parades.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

homosexual        USA

 

http://www.npr.org/2015/10/30/
452849153/a-perfect-soldier-remembering-a-warrior-in-the-battle-against-homophobia

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/09/07/us/
gay-veterans-push-for-honorable-discharges-they-were-denied.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

homosexuality        UK

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/nov/27/
simon-callow-my-life-lived-gaily

 

https://www.theguardian.com/uk/2005/oct/01/
gayrights.world

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

homosexuality        USA

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/05/04/
science/dr-richard-friedman-who-debunked-homosexuality-myth-dies-at-79.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/04/21/
health/21freedman.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Edmund White's gay classic A Boy’s Own Story        UK

 

https://www.theguardian.com/books/2016/jun/10/
edmund-white-a-boys-own-story-rereading-gay-literature

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

UK > Sexual Offences Act 1967        UK

 

partial decriminalisation of homosexuality

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/jul/27/
gay-relationships-still-criminalised-countries-report

 

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2017/jul/27/
50-years-homosexuality-decriminalised-sexual-offences-act-1967

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/video/2017/jul/26/
come-out-come-out-come-out-50-years-of-gay-liberation-video

 

https://www.theguardian.com/global/2017/jun/18/
glad-to-be-gay-the-story-of-the-filming-of-david-is-homosexual

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gay and in Love at an Evangelical Christian College        NYT        1 March 2019

 

 

 

 

Gay and in Love at an Evangelical Christian College        Video        Op-Docs        NYT        1 March 2019

 

What do you do

when your relationship conflicts with your religion?

 

This week’s Op-Doc, “Saltwater Baptism,”

explores that question with disarming, understated warmth.

 

Directed by Jared Callahan and Russell Sheaffer,

the short film follows two young,

gay men through graduation week

at an evangelical college in San Diego,

as they navigate and overcome the tension and conflicts

that arise among religion, family and sexual orientation.

 

YouTube

https://www.youtube.com/
watch?v=gcm8WcmJcn8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The slice of LGBTQ+ history I found in my mate's loft – video        G        7 July 2018

 

 

 

 

The slice of LGBTQ+ history I found in my mate's loft        Video        G        7 July 2018

 

Gavin McGregor

was rummaging around in his friend's attic

when he stumbled across a treasure trove

of LGBTQ+ campaign material from the 1980s

– a pivotal time in the fight for equality.

 

In the run-up to London Pride

he picks his favourites from the collection

and says it should serve as a reminder

of the bravery of activists from the time

 

YouTube

https://www.theguardian.com/world/video/2018/jul/07/
the-slice-of-lgbtq-history-i-found-in-my-mates-loft-video

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A Gay Mormon Love Story: Elder        NYT        7 July 2015

 

 

 

 

A Gay Mormon Love Story: Elder        Video        Op-Docs        The New York Times        7 July 2015

 

This short documentary

tells the story of a gay Mormon’s love affair

while he served on a mission in Italy.

 

Produced by: Genéa Gaudet

 

Read the story here: http://nyti.ms/1KHeP3R

Watch more videos at: http://nytimes.com/video

 

YouTube

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EHvnZbPBzFo

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

UK > gay men        UK / USA

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/06/06/
617635743/decades-after-massive-injustice-repealed-scotland-will-offer-pardons-to-gay-men

 

http://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2015/mar/21/
my-boyfriend-killed-himself-because-his-family-couldnt-accept-that-he-was-gay

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/mar/03/
miliband-promises-turing-law-posthumous-pardons-gay-conviction

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/music/2013/jul/01/
how-we-made-glad-gay

 

http://www.theguardian.com/uk/2006/jan/23/
money.gayrights

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

gay (adjective)        USA

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/03/24/
theater/terrence-mcnally-dead-coronavirus.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/06/26/
opinion/gay-men-sex-condoms.html

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/06/19/
opinion/charles-rhines-gay-jury-death-row.html

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/03/02/
style/modern-love-am-i-gay-online-quizzes.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/10/17/
style/the-gay-architects-of-classic-rock.html

https://lens.blogs.nytimes.com/2017/01/23/
peter-hujars-gay-lower-east-side-out-of-the-shadows/

 

http://www.gocomics.com/mattdavies/2016/11/15

 

www.nytimes.com/2015/03/08/
arts/dirk-shafer-playgirl-centerfold-who-revealed-he-was-gay-dies-at-52.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

UK / USA > gay villages        UK

 

http://www.theguardian.com/cities/2016/jan/13/
end-of-gaytrification-cities-lgbt-communities-gentrification-gay-villages

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

'Not married but willing to be!': men in love from the 1850s – in pictures        Fri 16 Oct 2020        UK

 

https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/gallery/2020/oct/16/
men-in-love-from-the-1850s-nini-treadwell-in-pictures

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

gay rights activism        UK

http://www.theguardian.com/culture/commentisfree/video/2016/mar/22/
sir-ian-mckellen-owen-jones-video-interview

 

 

 

 

gay rights activist        UK

http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk-news/2013/jul/26/
peter-tatchell-vision-something-better

 

 

 

 

advocates for gay rights / gay right advocates        USA

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/04/10/
obituaries/phyllis-lyon-dead.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/06/22/
obituaries/dick-leitsch-dead.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/06/01/
obituaries/connie-kurtz-gay-rights-leader-dies-at-81.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/10/08/us/
politics/same-sex-marriage-gay-rights-supreme-court.html

 

 

 

 

LGBT activist        USA

https://www.npr.org/2019/06/07/
730070376/i-will-never-lie-about-being-gay-again-lgbt-activist-remembers-source-of-pride

 

 

 

 

LGBTQ advocate        USA

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/09/12/
550502373/edith-windsor-lgbtq-advocate-who-fought-the-defense-of-marriage-act-dies-at-88

 

 

 

 

Phyllis Lyon        1924-2020        USA

Lesbian Activist and Gay Marriage Trailblazer

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/04/10/
obituaries/phyllis-lyon-dead.html

 

 

 

 

rainbow flag        USA

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/04/01/
522320358/designer-of-rainbow-flag-enduring-symbol-for-gay-rights-has-died

 

 

 

 

Champion of Gay Police Officers        USA

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/05/18/nyregion/
sam-ciccone-a-champion-of-gay-police-officers-dies-at-71.html

 

 

 

 

Radclyffe Hall's The Well of Loneliness        UK        1928

http://www.theguardian.com/uk/2005/jan/02/
books.gayrights

 

 

 

 

homophobic abuse > gay children > schools        UK

http://www.theguardian.com/uk/2005/may/09/
bullying.children

 

 

 

 

gay / queer cinema        UK

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/04/22/
movies/critics-notebook-looking-at-gay-movies-before-stonewall.html

 

 

 

 

gay theater        USA

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/26/
t-magazine/gay-theater-history-boys-in-the-band.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pagan, left, and Kady at home in Monticello, N.Y., in 1978.

 

From "Eye to Eye: Portraits of Lesbians."

 

Photograph  JEB (Joan E. Biren)

 

Photos of Lesbian Lives Meant to Inspire a Movement

 

Joan E. Biren began to photograph at a time

when it was almost impossible to find authentic images of lesbians

and aimed to help build a movement for their liberation.

April 8, 2019

NYT

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/04/08/
lens/lesbian-lives-movement-jeb.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

lesbian        UK

 

http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2013/aug/09/
how-discover-i-was-gay

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2013/mar/21/
south-african-photographer-black-lesbians-portrait-award

 

http://www.theguardian.com/uk/2006/jan/23/
money.gayrights

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

lesbian        USA

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/04/08/
lens/lesbian-lives-movement-jeb.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/08/14/
lens/donna-gottschalk-photography.html

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/04/05/
522670604/lgbt-employees-protected-by-federal-law-appeals-court-rules

 

http://www.npr.org/2015/08/17/
432569415/lesbian-cartoonist-alison-bechdel-countered-dads-secrecy-
by-being-out-and-open

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

lesbianism        UK

 

http://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2013/nov/26/
lesbianism-women-sexual-fluidity-same-sex-experiences

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

female homosexuality

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

gay

 

https://ilga.org/

 

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/02/09/
583998949/two-vets-celebrate-love-if-you-came-to-see-the-bride-you-re-out-of-luck

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/01/20/
579205780/kicked-out-of-air-force-for-being-gay-helen-grace-james-wins-honorable-discharge

 

 

 

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2017/11/21/
563876740/here-it-goes-coming-out-to-your-doctor-in-rural-america

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/10/17/
style/the-gay-architects-of-classic-rock.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2017/08/25/
opinion/sunday/worst-and-best-places-to-be-gay.html

 

https://lens.blogs.nytimes.com/2017/06/22/
gay-life-in-new-york-between-oppression-and-freedom/

 

 

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/slideshow/2016/06/22/
t-magazine/art/gay-lesbian-pride-seventies/s/gay-history-slide-LB8K.html

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/jun/13/
oral-roberts-oklahoma-gay-culture-closeted

 

 

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/03/26/us/
politics/california-seeks-to-head-off-initiative-to-execute-gays.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/03/25/us/
california-initiative-would-kill-gay-people.html

 

 

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/10/31/
technology/timothy-cook-apples-chief-executive-says-he-is-proud-to-be-gay.html

http://www.theguardian.com/society/2014/may/24/
lord-browne-thought-being-gay-wrong-interview-bp-boss-homophobia

http://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2014/may/17/
coming-out-to-the-kids-gay-father

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/feb/16/
michael-sam-gay-american-football

http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2014/feb/15/
gay-gene-dangers-research-homophobia

http://www.theguardian.com/film/2014/feb/15/
ellen-page-comes-out-speech-human-rights-campaign

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/02/10/
sports/michael-sam-college-football-star-says-he-is-gay-ahead-of-nfl-draft.html

 

http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2013/aug/09/
how-discover-i-was-gay

http://www.guardian.co.uk/music/2013/jul/01/
how-we-made-glad-gay

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/09/22/nyregion/
after-clementis-suicide-rutgers-embraces-its-gay-and-transgender-students.html

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/society/2011/nov/10/
school-hard-place-gay-bullying

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/06/19/
magazine/my-ex-gay-friend.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/12/19/
opinion/19dowd.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/10/16/nyregion/
16gays.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/10/11/nyregion/
11bias.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/10/09/nyregion/
09bias.html

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/lifeandstyle/2009/jul/17/
g2-interview-rupert-everett 

 

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2005/mar/07/
gayrights.usa

 

 

 

 

gay clubs        UK

http://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2016/jun/13/
pulse-gay-clubs-matter-transformed-lives-orlando-shooting

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender    L.G.B.T. / LGBT        UK

 

https://www.theguardian.com/news/audio/2019/apr/29/
on-the-frontline-in-the-fight-for-lgbt-rights

 

https://www.theguardian.com/tv-and-radio/2018/jul/19/
light-in-the-water-west-hollywood-aquatics-team-lgbt

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/video/2018/jul/07/
the-slice-of-lgbtq-history-i-found-in-my-mates-loft-video

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender    L.G.B.T. / LGBT rights        UK

 

https://www.theguardian.com/news/audio/2019/apr/29/
on-the-frontline-in-the-fight-for-lgbt-rights

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender    L.G.B.T.Q. / LGBTQ        USA

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2020/07/24/
893869207/thoughts-of-suicide-other-mental-health-struggles-still-high-for-lgbtq-youth

 

https://www.npr.org/2020/06/15/
863498848/supreme-court-delivers-major-victory-to-lgbtq-employees

 

 

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/06/08/
us/detroit-lgbtq-killing.html

 

https://www.npr.org/2019/01/26/
687957536/lgbt-navajos-discover-unexpected-champions-their-grandparents

 

 

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/05/31/
opinion/country-music-luke-bryan-gay-rights.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/03/
opinion/sunday/scariest-catholic-james-martin.html

 

 

 

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2017/11/21/
563876740/here-it-goes-coming-out-to-your-doctor-in-rural-america

 

http://www.npr.org/2017/09/08/
549453484/lgbt-advocates-trump-administration-s-stance-in-cake-case-is-yet-another-letdown

 

https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2017/08/25/
opinion/sunday/worst-and-best-places-to-be-gay.html

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/06/14/
532916075/irelands-first-openly-gay-prime-minister-formally-takes-office

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/04/05/
522670604/lgbt-employees-protected-by-federal-law-appeals-court-rules

 

http://www.npr.org/2017/02/26/
515585721/lgbtq-advocates-fear-religious-freedom-bills-moving-forward-in-states

 

http://www.npr.org/2017/01/13/
509179596/lgbt-community-worries-extend-beyond-itself-to-other-more-vulnerable-people

 

 

 

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/11/09/
501338927/for-first-time-openly-lgbt-governor-elected-oregons-kate-brown

 

http://www.npr.org/2016/10/30/
499895397/2016-has-been-a-mixed-bag-for-lgbt-politics

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/06/22/
opinion/the-lgbt-case-for-guns.html

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2016/06/16/
482301554/how-lgbtq-people-of-color-are-dealing-with-orlando-code-switch-podcast-episode-4

 

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2016/06/16/us/
hate-crimes-against-lgbt.html

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/06/12/
481793981/lgbt-community-mourns-orlando-attack-boosts-security-at-pride-events

 

http://www.npr.org/2016/03/23/
471601947/federal-state-moves-aim-to-protect-lgbt-workers

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LGBT people        USA

 

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2016/06/16/us/
hate-crimes-against-lgbt.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

L.G.B.T.Q. / LGBTQ youth        USA

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2020/07/24/
893869207/thoughts-of-suicide-other-mental-health-struggles-still-high-for-lgbtq-youth

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LGBT teens        USA

 

https://www.npr.org/2019/01/26/
687957536/lgbt-navajos-discover-unexpected-champions-their-grandparents

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LGBT activists        UK

https://www.theguardian.com/world/video/2018/jul/07/
the-slice-of-lgbtq-history-i-found-in-my-mates-loft-video

 

 

 

 

LGBT activists        USA

http://www.npr.org/2015/04/24/
402003285/lbgt-activists-push-states-to-expand-anti-discrimination-laws

 

 

 

 

LGBT advocates        USA

http://www.npr.org/2017/09/08/
549453484/lgbt-advocates-trump-administration-s-stance-in-cake-case-is-yet-another-letdown

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The parade stretched for 15 blocks

as the marchers made their way

from Sheridan Square in Greenwich Village

up Sixth Avenue to Central Park.

 

Clad in a black T-shirt and jeans,

Jim Fouratt,

a founding member of the Gay Liberation Front,

helped carry the lead banner.

 

Photograph:

Michael Evans/The New York Times

 

The First New York Pride March Was an Act of ‘Desperate Courage’

It wasn’t always feathers, floats and celebrities.

NYT

June 27, 2019

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/06/27/
nyregion/pride-parade-first-new-york-lgbtq.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA > First Gay Pride March, 1969 or 1970?

 

first Pride march in New York,

the Christopher Street Liberation Day March

in 1970

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/06/27/
nyregion/pride-parade-first-new-york-lgbtq.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/06/27/
nyregion/pride-parade-first-new-york-lgbtq.html

 

https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2019/jun/19/
stonewall-50th-anniversary-night-that-unleashed-gay-liberation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

gay pride        USA

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/06/17/
opinion/sunday/is-pride-still-for-queer-people-like-me.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LGBT Pride Month        USA

 

https://www.loc.gov/lgbt/about.html

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/06/12/
481793981/lgbt-community-mourns-orlando-attack-boosts-security-at-pride-events

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Intersex    LGBTI        USA

http://www.npr.org/sections/parallels/2016/04/28/
476033591/for-state-departments-lgbti-envoy-every-country-is-a-different-challenge

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LGBTQ        USA

lesbian, gay , bisexual , transgendered, questioning / queer

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/06/14/
arts/egyptian-cabaret-brooklyn-arab-drag-ana-masreya.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/05/16/books/lgbtq-books-pride.html

 

https://www.npr.org/2019/06/20/
733537421/the-culture-wars-live-on-between-the-lgbtq-movement-and-the-religious-right

 

https://www.npr.org/2019/06/08/
730608664/is-youtube-doing-enough-to-stop-harassment-of-lgbtq-content-creators

 

https://www.npr.org/2017/11/25/
564887796/for-lgbtq-people-of-color-discrimination-compounds

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2016/06/16/
482301554/how-lgbtq-people-of-color-are-dealing-with-orlando-code-switch-podcast-episode-4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LGBT community / people        USA

http://www.npr.org/2017/01/13/
509179596/lgbt-community-worries-extend-beyond-itself-to-other-more-vulnerable-people

 

 

 

 

Interactive:

Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender rights

around the world        UK        16 May 2014

 

Being lesbian, gay,

bisexual or transgender

is illegal in almost 80 countries,

and in at least five of them

is still punishable by death.

 

Ahead of the International day

against homophobia

and transphobia on 17 May,

explore the legal situation

for LGBT people around sex,

marriage or civil partnerships,

adoption,

workplace discrimination

and hate crime

by region, country

and overall population

 

More than 2.7 billion people live

in countries where being gay is a crime

http://www.theguardian.com/world/ng-interactive/2014/may/
-sp-gay-rights-world-lesbian-bisexual-transgender

 

 

 

 

L.G.B.T.Q.I.A.+.

 

Lesbian,

Gay,

Bisexual,

Transgender,

'Questioning' or 'Queer',

intersex,

Ally (or asexual

 depending on whom

you’re talking to);

and often a plus sign

meant to cover anyone else

who’s not included

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/06/21/
style/lgbtq-gender-language.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tyler Clementi        1991-2010

 

18-year-old Rutgers University freshman

who killed himself in September 2010

after discovering that his roommate

had secretly used a webcam to stream

Mr. Clementi’s romantic interlude

with another man over the Internet.

Updated: March 16, 2012

http://topics.nytimes.com/top/reference/timestopics/people/
c/tyler_clementi/index.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/topic/person/tyler-clementi

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/09/22/nyregion/
after-clementis-suicide-rutgers-embraces-its-gay-and-transgender-students.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/09/30/nyregion/
30suicide.html

 

 

 

 

gay parents        USA

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/12/29/us/
for-bishops-a-battle-over-whose-rights-prevail.html

 

 

 

 

gays > family        2011

http://www.thedailybeast.com/newsweek/galleries/2011/01/30/
portraits-of-a-gay-modern-family.html

 

 

 

 

gay students        USA

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/04/19/us/
19gays.html

 

 

 

 

video games > gay relationships / characters > Dragon Age II        UK        2011

http://www.guardian.co.uk/technology/2011/apr/04/
videogames-gay-characters

 

 

 

 

London lesbian and gay film festival        UK 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/film/filmblog/2011/mar/30/
gigola-london-lesbian-gay-film-festival

 

 

 

 

gay pride march        USA

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/06/27/nyregion/
pride-marches-on-with-jubilation-and-solemn-tributes-to-victims-of-massacre.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/07/01/nyregion/
a-gay-pride-march-with-added-spring-in-its-step.html

 

 

 

 

UK > The annual London Gay Pride parade        UK

https://www.theguardian.com/world/gallery/2016/jun/25/
pride-in-london-2016-in-pictures

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/gallery/2010/jul/03/
london-gay-pride-parade

 

 

 

 

Boston Globe > Big Picture > LGBT pride parades        USA        July 8, 2011

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2011/07/
lgbt_pride_parades.html

 

 

 

 

Watch James May in a London Pride ad        October 2008

 

Top Gear presenter fronts

campaign for Fuller's beer brand.

Created by ad agency DCH

http://www.guardian.co.uk/media/video/2010/oct/08/
james-may-london-pride-ad

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Storme DeLarverie        USA        1920-2014

 

singer, cross-dresser and bouncer

who may or may not have thrown

the first punch at the 1969 uprising

at the Stonewall Inn in Greenwich Village,

but who was indisputably one

of the first and most assertive members

of the modern gay rights movement

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/05/30/nyregion/
storme-delarverie-early-leader-in-the-gay-rights-movement-dies-at-93.html

 

 

 

 

John Geddes Lawrence Jr.        USA        1943-2011

 

His bedroom encounter

with the police in Texas

led to one

of the gay rights movement’s

signal triumphs,

the Supreme Court’s

2003 decision

in Lawrence v. Texas.

 

(...)

 

The Lawrence decision

struck down a Texas law

that made gay sex a crime

and swept away sodomy laws

in a dozen other states.

 

The decision reversed

a 17-year-old precedent,

Bowers v. Hardwick,

which had ruled that

there was nothing in the Constitution

to stop states from making it a crime

for gay men to have consensual sex

at home.

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/12/24/us/
john-lawrence-plaintiff-in-lawrence-v-texas-dies-at-68.html

 

 

 

 

gay activist

 

Angela Doreathia Bowen        USA        1936-2018

 

Angela Bowen (...)

in a varied and influential life

was a dancer, a dance teacher, a scholar

and a passionate voice on lesbian,

black and feminist issues

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/07/22/
obituaries/angela-bowen-dies.html

 

 

 

 

Arthur Evans        USA        1942-2011

 

Arthur Evans

helped form and lead the movement

that coalesced

after gay people

and their supporters

protested a 1969 police raid

on the Stonewall Inn,

a Greenwich Village gay bar

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/09/15/us/
arthur-evans-68-leader-in-gay-rights-fight-is-dead.html

 

 

 

 

gay activist

 

Thomas Patrick Gallagher        USA        1940-2018

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/07/12/
obituaries/tom-gallagher-diplomat-who-became-a-gay-activist-dies-at-77.html

 

 

 

 

gay activist

 

Robert Earl Carter, priest and gay activist        USA        1927-2010

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/03/15/nyregion/
15carter.html

 

 

 

 

gay activist / gay rights icon

 

Harvey Milk        USA        1930-1978

 

https://www.nytimes.com/topic/person/harvey-milk 

http://www.time.com/time/time100/heroes/profile/milk01.html

 

 

http://www.npr.org/2008/11/26/
97338444/the-moscone-milk-anniversary-and-legacy

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/07/29/
487944304/u-s-navy-to-honor-gay-rights-icon-harvey-milk

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/07/30/us/
harvey-milk-navy-ship-gay-rights.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/01/01/
theater/a-play-inspired-by-slain-san-francisco-mayor-moscone.html

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2009/oct/13/
schwarzenneger-law-harvey-milk-day

http://www.guardian.co.uk/film/2009/jan/16/
harvey-milk-gus-van-sant

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/cifamerica/2008/dec/15/
harvey-milk-film-gay-rights

 

 

 

 

Alan Turing        UK        1912-1954

 

second world war codebreaker

who took his own life

after undergoing chemical castration

following a conviction

for homosexual activity

http://www.theguardian.com/science/2013/dec/24/
enigma-codebreaker-alan-turing-royal-pardon

 

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/people/alan_turing

http://www.theguardian.com/science/alan-turing

 

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/10/20/
498691551/u-k-will-posthumously-pardon-thousands-of-gay-and-bisexual-men

 

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/mar/03/
miliband-promises-turing-law-posthumous-pardons-gay-conviction

http://www.theguardian.com/books/2015/jan/20/
unseen-alan-turing-notebook-to-fetch-1m

http://www.arte.tv/guide/fr/047266-000/
comment-les-maths-ont-vaincu-hitler

 

http://www.theguardian.com/science/2014/nov/24/
alan-turing-one-many-heroes-bletchley-park

http://www.theguardian.com/film/2014/nov/14/
alan-turing-name-restored-the-imitation-game-film

 

http://www.theguardian.com/science/2013/dec/24/
enigma-codebreaker-alan-turing-royal-pardon

http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk-news/2013/jul/19/
enigma-codebreaker-alan-turing-posthumous-pardon

http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/2012/mar/27/
pass-notes-alan-turing

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/video/2011/mar/01/
pilot-ace-computer-alan-turing

http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/2011/feb/25/
turing-papers-auction-bid-bletchley

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-manchester-16061279

http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/grrlscientist/2011/dec/19/1

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2009/sep/11/
pm-apology-to-alan-turing

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

gay rights        UK

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/lgbt-rights

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/news/audio/2019/apr/29/
on-the-frontline-in-the-fight-for-lgbt-rights

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/sep/13/
gay-rights-world-of-inequality

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/sep/07/
iran-executes-men-homosexuality-charges

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

gay rights        USA

 

https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2017/08/25/
opinion/sunday/worst-and-best-places-to-be-gay.html

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/02/16/
arts/television/when-we-rise-abc-dustin-lance-black.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/08/05/us/
as-gays-prevail-in-supreme-court-women-see-setbacks.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/02/11/
opinion/gay-rights-and-the-justice-department.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2013/10/15/
are-trans-rights-and-gay-rights-still-allies

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/12/24/us/
john-lawrence-plaintiff-in-lawrence-v-texas-dies-at-68.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/09/22/us/
22legal.html

 

 

 

 

gay rights > U.S. Supreme Court's rulings        USA

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/08/05/us/
as-gays-prevail-in-supreme-court-women-see-setbacks.html

 

 

 

 

The Supreme Court strikes down

Texas law banning sodomy        USA        2003

http://www.nytimes.com/2003/06/26/
politics/26CND-GAYS.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

gay community        UK

http://www.guardian.co.uk/film/2009/jan/16/
harvey-milk-gus-van-sant

 

 

 

 

gay couples        UK

http://www.theguardian.com/uk/2005/oct/01/
gayrights.world 

 

 

 

 

gay adoptions        USA

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/09/23/us/
23adopt.html

 

 

 

 

Marvel's openly gay superhero Northstar        UK

http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2012/may/23/
marvel-gay-wedding-dc-hero

 

 

 

 

The Evolving World of Gay Travel        USA        May 30, 2014

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/06/01/travel/
the-evolving-world-of-gay-travel.html

 

 

 

 

queer        UK

http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2016/jun/12/
queer-muslims-mourning-orlando-nightclub-shooting

 

http://www.theguardian.com/music/musicblog/2015/sep/12/
queer-pitch-classical-music-gay-composers-by-rolf-hind

http://www.theguardian.com/books/2015/jun/03/
curing-queers-mental-nurses-patients-tommy-dickinson-review

 

http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2013/aug/09/
how-discover-i-was-gay

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/education/2009/mar/10/
homophobia-pupil-behaviour

 

 

 

 

queer        USA

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/12/05/
lens/jake-juan-when-we-were-strangers.html

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/06/21/
us/queer-love-in-color.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/06/17/
opinion/sunday/is-pride-still-for-queer-people-like-me.html

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2016/06/13/
481853353/what-queer-muslims-are-saying-about-the-orlando-shooting

http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2016/06/13/
481859852/what-queer-latinos-are-saying-about-the-orlando-shooting

http://www.nytimes.com/slideshow/2016/01/19/
blogs/tuff-enough-in-new-orleanss-queer-community/s/
20160119-lens-meg-slide-RM5I.html

 

 

 

 

queer women        USA

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/05/15/
arts/lesbian-weddings-name-change.html

 

 

 

 

queer rap        USA

http://www.guardian.co.uk/music/2012/jun/09/
zebra-katz-rise-of-gay-rappers

 

 

 

 

straight        UK

http://www.guardian.co.uk/lifeandstyle/2009/jul/17/
g2-interview-rupert-everett

 

 

 

 

straight        USA

http://www.npr.org/2015/09/16/
440909117/a-place-for-straight-spouses-after-their-mate-comes-out-of-the-closet

 

 

 

 

bisexual

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

lesbian        USA

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/09/21/arts/
21johnston.html

 

 

 

 

lesbian mothers        UK

http://www.guardian.co.uk/lifeandstyle/2010/dec/12/
lesbian-mothers-my-two-mums 

 

 

 

 

lesbian feminism > Jill Johnston        USA        1929-2010

 

longtime cultural critic

for The Village Voice

whose daring, experimental prose style

mirrored the avant-garde art she covered

and whose book

“Lesbian Nation: The Feminist Solution”

spearheaded the lesbian separatist movement

of the early 1970s

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/09/21/
arts/21johnston.html

 

 

 

 

The IoS Pink List        UK         2009

 

It's back

- as controversial and,

we believe,

as necessary as ever.

 

Here is this year's

roster of the 101

most influential

gay and lesbian people

in Britain today

http://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/news/
the-iiosi-pink-list-2009-1721869.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

F.D.A. Easing Ban on Gays,

to Let Some Give Blood

 

DEC. 23, 2014

The New York Times

By SABRINA TAVERNISE

 

WASHINGTON — The Food and Drug Administration announced Tuesday that it would scrap a decades-old lifetime prohibition on blood donation by gay and bisexual men, a major stride toward ending what many had seen as a national policy of discrimination.

However, the agency will continue to ban men who have had sex with a man in the last year, saying the barrier is necessary to keep the blood supply safe, a move that frustrated rights groups that were pushing for the ban to be removed entirely.

The F.D.A. enacted the ban in 1983, early in the AIDS epidemic. At the time, little was known about the human immunodeficiency virus, which causes the disease, and there was no quick test to determine whether somebody had it. But science — and the understanding of H.I.V. in particular — has advanced in the intervening decades. On Tuesday the F.D.A. acknowledged as much, lifting the lifetime ban but keeping in place a block on donations by men who have had sex with other men in the last 12 months.

The F.D.A. rules on blood donation generally include very wide margins of error. For example, it bars anyone who has traveled in areas where malaria is common from giving blood for a year, even though malaria symptoms are almost unmistakable — chills and fever — and virtually always appear within 40 days. The agency also has a 12-month waiting period for heterosexuals who, among other activities, have sex with prostitutes or with people who inject drugs.

Restrictions on donors were written when H.I.V. testing was slower and less refined. Today, some tests can detect the virus in blood as little as nine days after infection.

In written remarks, the agency said it was keeping the 12-month ban because “compelling scientific evidence is not available at this time to support a change to a deferral period less than one year while still ensuring the safety of the blood supply.”

The shift puts the United States on par with many European countries, including Britain, which adjusted its lifetime ban in favor of a 12-month restriction in 2011.

Most men’s health advocates called the move long overdue, and said that the overall ban was not based on the latest science and that it perpetuated a stigma about gay men as a risk to the health of the nation. Legal experts said the change brought an important national health policy in line with other legal and political rights for gay Americans, like permitting gay people to marry and to serve openly in the military.

“This is a major victory for gay civil rights,” said I. Glenn Cohen, a law professor at Harvard who specializes in bioethics and health. “We’re leaving behind the old view that every gay man is a potential infection source.” He said, however, that the policy was “still not rational enough.”

Indeed, some advocacy groups attacked the change as too incremental. Leaving in place a 12-month ban essentially blocks any gay or bisexual man who is sexually active from donating, erasing about half the population of potential donors and perpetuating what rights groups say is tougher treatment for gay and bisexual men.

G MHC, the advocacy group formerly known as Gay Men’s Health Crisis, called the new policy “offensive and harmful.” AIDS United, a Washington-based lobbying group, said that it was a “step forward,” but that it “continues to perpetuate discrimination against gay and bisexual men.”

Today doctors have nucleic acid tests that can diagnose an H.I.V. infection within nine to 11 days of exposure, and all blood donations have to be tested before being shipped for transfusion.

“Many other Western countries had changed their policies, and I think the F.D.A. has come to accept the science supporting a change to their policy also,” said Debra Kessler, director of special donor services at the New York Blood Center. She said blood centers across the country “have been talking to the F.D.A. for years to encourage them to move forward.”

In a statement, the agency said that it had “carefully examined and considered the scientific evidence” and that it intended to issue a draft guidance detailing the change in 2015. An F.D.A. official told reporters that there was not enough science to support lifting the 12-month ban, an assertion that men’s health groups dispute.

“At this time we simply do not have the evidence to suggest that we can go to a shorter period,” said Dr. Peter Marks, deputy director of the F.D.A.’s Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research.

The agency’s decision seems to have been guided by data that emerged after similar policy changes in other countries. For example, Dr. Marks cited data from Australia, where studies have shown no increased risk to the blood supply after the country changed the ban from lifetime to a year.

Other groups applauded the shift, pointing out that it had been pushed for years by medical experts, blood banks and gay men’s health organizations that argued that the policy had long outlived its usefulness for safety in the blood supply.

“A lot has changed since 1983,” said Sean Cahill, director of health policy research at the Fenway Institute, a research and advocacy center in Boston. He called the shift “an important incremental step toward a better policy. That’s how policies often change — incrementally.”

While the burden of H.I.V. in the United States falls disproportionately on gay and bisexual men — Mr. Cahill cited estimates from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention that two-thirds of an estimated 50,000 new H.I.V. infections in the United States each year occur among men who have sex with men — the vast majority of gay and bisexual men are not H.I.V. positive. The 1980s-era policy essentially ignored that fact by counting every single man who had had sex with a man since 1977 as suspect.

About 8.5 percent of American men — or about 10 million people — report having had sex at least once with a man since turning 18, according to the Williams Institute at the University of California, Los Angeles. (Blood banks, however, know that donors do not always tell the truth about their sexual activity on questionnaires.) The institute has calculated that the rules change could add about 317,000 pints of blood to the nation’s supply annually, an increase of 2 percent to 4 percent.

The new policy will exclude the 3.8 percent of American men who report having had a male sexual partner in the past year, a group that could double the potential new supply, the institute said.

The policy, which will go through a public comment period next year, comes at a time when the nation’s blood supply is relatively stable, Ms. Kessler said, in part because of changes in hospitals and ways of collecting blood.

Rights groups say that current policy is unfair because it blocks a sexually active gay man from donating even if he has had only one sexual partner, has protected sex, and has not been exposed to H.I.V., while it allows sexually active heterosexual men and women who may have been exposed to H.I.V. to donate. They also argue that the lifetime ban stigmatizes homosexuality, making it seem like being gay is a risk in and of itself.

They say the policy should be more individualized, like Italy’s, in which potential donors are interviewed to screen for higher-risk donors, like people with multiple sexual partners or who report sex with intravenous drug users or prostitutes.

Dr. Marks said the agency was putting a surveillance system into place that would help the agency monitor the effect of the policy change.
 


Donald G. McNeil Jr. contributed reporting from New York.

A version of this article appears in print on December 24, 2014, on page A1 of the New York edition with the headline: F.D.A. Easing Ban on Gays, to Let Some Give Blood.

F.D.A. Easing Ban on Gays, to Let Some Give Blood,
NYT,
23.12.2014,
http://www.nytimes.com/2014/12/24/
health/fda-lifting-ban-on-gay-blood-donors.html

 

 

 

 

 

John Lawrence,

Plaintiff in Gay Rights Case,

Dies at 68

 

December 23, 2011

The New York Times

By ADAM LIPTAK

 

John G. Lawrence, whose bedroom encounter with the police in Texas led to one of the gay rights movement’s signal triumphs, the Supreme Court’s 2003 decision in Lawrence v. Texas, died at his home in Houston on Nov. 20, his partner said on Friday. He was 68.

The cause was complications of a heart ailment, said his partner, Jose Garcia.

Aside from a posting on a funeral home’s Web site that did not mention the Supreme Court decision, Mr. Lawrence’s death apparently received no immediate publicity. It came to light when a lawyer in the case, Mitchell Katine, sought to reach Mr. Lawrence with an invitation to an event commemorating the ruling.

The Lawrence decision struck down a Texas law that made gay sex a crime and swept away sodomy laws in a dozen other states. The decision reversed a 17-year-old precedent, Bowers v. Hardwick, which had ruled that there was nothing in the Constitution to stop states from making it a crime for gay men to have consensual sex at home.

But Justice Anthony M. Kennedy, writing for five justices in the 6-to-3 Lawrence decision, said, “The petitioners are entitled to respect for their private lives.”

“The state,” he wrote, “cannot demean their existence or control their destiny by making their private sexual conduct a crime.”

Paul M. Smith, who argued in the Supreme Court on behalf of Mr. Lawrence, said the decision “laid the foundation for all the good things that have happened since,” including decisions from state courts endorsing same-sex marriage and the repeal of the military’s policy forbidding gay men and lesbians from serving openly.

The logic of the Lawrence decision, Justice Antonin Scalia wrote in dissent, supported a constitutional right to same-sex marriage.

The case began on Sept. 17, 1998, when police investigating a report of a “weapons disturbance” entered Mr. Lawrence’s apartment. They said they saw Mr. Lawrence and Tyron Garner having sex and arrested them for violating a Texas law prohibiting “deviate sexual intercourse with another individual of the same sex.”

The two men were held overnight and each fined $200. Texas courts rejected their constitutional challenges to the state law, relying on the Bowers decision.

In a new book, “Flagrant Conduct: The Story of Lawrence v. Texas,” which will be published in March by W. W. Norton & Company, Dale Carpenter, a law professor at the University of Minnesota, writes that the conventional understanding of what happened that night is flawed.

In interviews for the book, police officers gave contradictory accounts of the sex act they saw. Mr. Lawrence, for his part, told Professor Carpenter that he and Mr. Garner, who died in 2006, had not had sex, then or ever, and were seated perhaps 15 feet apart when the police arrived.

“If the police did not observe any sex,” Professor Carpenter wrote, “the whole case is built on law enforcement misconduct that makes it an even more egregious abuse of liberty than the Supreme Court knew.”

What is clear is that the arrest infuriated Mr. Lawrence.

“I don’t think he appreciated the constitutional issues,” said Mr. Katine, a Houston lawyer who represented Mr. Lawrence. “He was upset about how he was treated, physically and personally, that night. The fire stayed in him. When he was vindicated in the Supreme Court, he felt he got justice.”

Suzanne B. Goldberg, who represented Mr. Lawrence as part of her work at Lambda Legal, a national gay rights advocacy group, said Mr. Lawrence “was not your typical test-case plaintiff.”

“He had not been active in the gay rights movement or even out as a gay man to all of his co-workers and family,” said Professor Goldberg, who now teaches at Columbia Law School. “Instead, this was something that happened to him. The police came into his bedroom and put him into the middle of one of the most significant gay rights cases in our time.”

John Geddes Lawrence Jr. was born on Aug. 2, 1943, in Beaumont, Tex. He served four years in the Navy and worked as a medical technician until his retirement in 2009. In addition to Mr. Garcia, he is survived by his brother, Charles W. Lawrence, and a sister, Mary Jane Rodriguez, both of Kountze, Tex.

Mr. Lawrence attended the Supreme Court argument in his case, his lawyers recalled, mingling with the people who had waited in line all night to see it, alive with excitement, pride and a sense of history. “He was willing to be the real-life face of injustice,” Mr. Katine said.

Mr. Lawrence reflected on his case years later in an interview with Professor Carpenter. “Why should there be a law passed that only prosecutes certain people?” he asked. “Why build a law that only says, ‘Because you’re a gay man you can’t do this. But because you’re a heterosexual, you can do the same thing’?”

John Lawrence, Plaintiff in Gay Rights Case, Dies at 68,
NYT,
23.12.2011,
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/12/24/us/
john-lawrence-plaintiff-in-lawrence-v-texas-dies-at-68.html

 

 

 

 

 

Franklin Kameny,

Gay Rights Pioneer,

Dies at 86

 

October 12, 2011

The New York Times

By DAVID W. DUNLAP

 

Franklin E. Kameny, who transformed his 1957 arrest as a “sexual pervert” and his subsequent firing from the Army Map Service into a powerful animating spark of the gay civil rights movement, died on Tuesday at his home in Washington. He was 86.

His death was confirmed by the United States Office of Personnel Management, which formally apologized two years ago for his dismissal.

A half-century ago, Mr. Kameny was either first or foremost — often both — in publicly advocating the propositions that there were homosexuals throughout the population, that they were not mentally ill, and that there was neither reason nor justification for the many forms of discrimination prevalent against them.

Rather than accept his firing quietly, Mr. Kameny challenged his dismissal before the Civil Service Commission and then sued the government in federal court. That he lost was almost beside the point. The battle against discrimination now had a face, a name and a Ph.D. from Harvard.

Though he helped found the Mattachine Society of Washington, an early advocacy group, Mr. Kameny was not content to organize solely within the gay community. He welcomed and exploited the publicity that came from broader — if foredoomed — political efforts, like running in 1971 for the delegate seat representing the District of Columbia in the House of Representatives.

He also claimed authorship of the phrase “Gay is good” a year before the 1969 Stonewall uprising in New York, widely regarded as the first milestone in the gay rights movement. Many of the tributes that began to appear on the Web on Wednesday noted that Mr. Kameny’s death coincided with National Coming Out Day.

Mr. Kameny has been likened both to Rosa Parks and to Gen. George Patton, two historical figures not frequently found in the same sentence. “Frank Kameny was our Rosa Parks, and more,” Richard Socarides, the president of the advocacy group Equality Matters, said on Wednesday. During the Clinton administration, Mr. Socarides was the special assistant for gay rights in the White House, outside which Mr. Kameny and others had picketed in 1965 to protest their treatment by the government.

The Patton analogy was made by Dudley Clendinen and Adam Nagourney in their 1999 book “Out for Good: The Struggle to Build a Gay Rights Movement in America.” (Mr. Nagourney is a reporter for The New York Times, and Mr. Clendinen is a former Times reporter.)

“Franklin Kameny had the confidence of an intellectual autocrat, the manner of a snapping turtle, a voice like a foghorn, and the habit of expressing himself in thunderous bursts of precise and formal language,” the authors wrote. “He talked in italics and exclamation points and he cultivated the self-righteous arrogance of a visionary who knew his cause was just when no one else did.”

Franklin Edward Kameny was born May 21, 1925, in New York City. He entered Queens College, served in the Army in the Netherlands and Germany during World War II and was awarded his doctorate from Harvard in 1956. He was hired as an astronomer the next year by the Army Map Service, but lasted only five months when the government learned he had been arrested by the morals squad in Lafayette Park, across from the White House, which was known as a gay cruising ground.

At the time, under an executive order signed by President Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1953,“sexual perversion” was considered grounds for dismissal from government employment. Mr. Kameny contested his firing through level after level of legal appeal, until the Supreme Court declined to hear his case in 1961.

Unable to get another job in his field, he became radicalized, he told Eric Marcus, who interviewed him for the 1992 book “Making History: The Struggle for Gay and Lesbian Equal Rights, 1945-1990.” Mr. Kameny said his personal manifesto emerged from the petition he prepared for the Supreme Court.

“The government put its disqualification of gays under the rubric of immoral conduct, which I objected to,” Mr. Kameny said. “Because under our system, morality is a matter of personal opinion and individual belief on which any American citizen may hold any view he wishes and upon which the government has no power or authority to have any view at all. Besides which, in my view, homosexuality is not only not immoral, but is affirmatively moral.

“Up until that time, nobody else ever said this — as far as I know — in any kind of formal court pleading.”

After this loss, Mr. Kameny recognized that the American Psychiatric Association’s classification of homosexuality as a sickness posed a high hurdle to the movement.

“An attribution of mental illness in our culture is devastating, and it’s something which is virtually impossible to get beyond,” he said to Charles Kaiser, who interviewed him in 1995 for his book “The Gay Metropolis: 1940-1996.” He was among those who lobbied for its reversal.

In December 1973, the psychiatric association’s board of trustees approved a resolution declaring that homosexuality, “by itself, does not necessarily constitute a psychiatric disorder.”

Leading psychiatrists who believed otherwise, like Dr. Charles W. Socarides (the father of Richard Socarides), pushed for a membership-wide referendum in the hope of overturning the resolution. In April 1974, 5,854 of the association’s roughly 20,000 members voted to support the trustees’ position, 3,810 to oppose it. The result left Mr. Kameny “ecstatic,” he said.

As for his firing, Mr. Kameny lived long enough to receive and accept an apology from John Berry, the director of the United States Office of Personnel Management, successor to the Civil Service Commission. Speaking of Mr. Kameny on Wednesday, Mr. Berry said:

“He helped make it possible for countless of patriotic Americans to hold security clearances and high government positions, including me.”

    Franklin Kameny, Gay Rights Pioneer, Dies at 86, NYT, 12.10.2011,
    http://www.nytimes.com/2011/10/13/us/
    franklin-kameny-gay-rights-pioneer-dies-at-86.html

 

 

 

 

 

Alfred Freedman,

a Leader in Psychiatry,

Dies at 94

 

April 20, 2011

The New York Times

By WILLIAM GRIMES

 

Dr. Alfred M. Freedman, a psychiatrist and social reformer who led the American Psychiatric Association in 1973 when, overturning a century-old policy, it declared that homosexuality was not a mental illness, died on Sunday in Manhattan. He was 94.

The cause was complications of surgery to treat a fractured hip, his son Dan said.

In 1972, with pressure mounting from gay rights groups and from an increasing number of psychiatrists to destigmatize homosexuality, Dr. Freedman was elected president of the association, which he later described as a conservative “old boys’ club.” Its 20,000 members were deeply divided about its policy on homosexuality, which its Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders II classified as a “sexual deviation” in the same class as fetishism, voyeurism, pedophilia and exhibitionism.

Well known as the chairman of the department of psychiatry at New York Medical College and a strong proponent of community-oriented psychiatric and social services, Dr. Freedman was approached by a group of young reformers, the Committee of Concerned Psychiatrists, who persuaded him to run as a petition candidate for the presidency of the psychiatric association.

Dr. Freedman, much to his surprise, won what may have been the first contested election in the organization’s history — by 3 votes out of more than 9,000 cast. Immediately on taking office, he threw his support behind a resolution, drafted by Robert L. Spitzer of Columbia University, to remove homosexuality from the list of mental disorders.

On Dec. 15, 1973, the board of trustees, many of them newly elected younger psychiatrists, voted 13 to 0, with two abstentions, in favor of the resolution, which stated that “by itself, homosexuality does not meet the criteria for being a psychiatric disorder.”

It went on: “We will no longer insist on a label of sickness for individuals who insist that they are well and demonstrate no generalized impairment in social effectiveness.”

The board stopped short of declaring homosexuality “a normal variant of human sexuality,” as the association’s task force on nomenclature had recommended.

The recently formed National Gay Task Force (now the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force) hailed the resolution as “the greatest gay victory,” one that removed “the cornerstone of oppression for one-tenth of our population.” Among other things, the resolution helped reassure gay men and women in need of treatment for mental problems that doctors would not have any authorization to try to change their sexual orientation, or to identify homosexuality as the root cause of their difficulties.

An equally important companion resolution condemned discrimination against gays in such areas as housing and employment. In addition, it called on local, state and federal lawmakers to pass legislation guaranteeing gay citizens the same protections as other Americans, and to repeal all criminal statutes penalizing sex between consenting adults.

The resolution served as a model for professional and religious organizations that took similar positions in the years to come.

“It was a huge victory for a movement that in 1973 was young, small, very underfunded and had not yet had this kind of political validation,” said Sue Hyde, who organizes the annual conference of the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force. “It is the single most important event in the history of what would become the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender movement.”

In a 2007 interview Dr. Freedman said, “I felt at the time that that decision was the most important thing we accomplished.”

Alfred Mordecai Freedman was born on Jan. 7, 1917, in Albany. He won scholarships to study at Cornell, where he earned a bachelor’s degree in 1937. He earned a medical degree from the University of Minnesota in 1941 but cut short his internship at Harlem Hospital to enlist in the Army Air Corps.

During World War II he served as a laboratory officer in Miami and chief of laboratories at the Air Corps hospital in Gulfport, Miss. He left the corps with the rank of major.

After doing research on neuropsychology with Harold E. Himwich at Edgewood Arsenal in Maryland, he became interested in the development of human cognition. He underwent training in general and child psychiatry and began a residency at Bellevue Hospital in Manhattan, where he became a senior child psychiatrist.

He was the chief psychiatrist in the pediatrics department at the Downstate College of Medicine of the State University of New York for five years before becoming the first full-time chairman of the department of psychiatry at New York Medical College, then in East Harlem and now in Valhalla, N.Y.

In his 30 years at the college he built the department into an important teaching institution with a large residency program. He greatly expanded the psychiatric services offered at nearby Metropolitan Hospital, which is affiliated with the school and where he was director of psychiatry.

To address social problems in East Harlem, Dr. Freedman created a treatment program for adult drug addicts at the hospital in 1959 and the next year established a similar program for adolescents. These were among the earliest drug addiction programs to be conducted by a medical school and to be based in a general hospital. He also founded a division of social and community psychiatry at the school to serve neighborhood residents.

With Harold I. Kaplan, he edited “Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry,” which became adopted as a standard text on its publication in 1967 and is now in its ninth edition.

During his one-year term as president of the American Psychiatric Association, Dr. Freedman made the misuse of psychiatry in the Soviet Union one of the organization’s main issues. He challenged the Soviet government to answer charges that it routinely held political dissidents in psychiatric hospitals, and he led a delegation of American psychiatrists to the Soviet Union to visit mental hospitals and confer with Soviet psychiatrists.

After retiring from New York Medical College, Dr. Freedman turned his attention to the role that psychiatry played in death penalty cases. With his colleague Abraham L. Halpern, he lobbied the American Medical Association to enforce the provision in its code of ethics barring physicians from taking part in executions, and he campaigned against the practice of using psychopharmacologic drugs on psychotic death-row prisoners so that they could be declared competent to be executed.

In addition to his son Dan, of Silver Spring, Md., he is survived by his wife, Marcia; another son, Paul, of Pelham, N.Y.; and three grandchildren.

Alfred Freedman, a Leader in Psychiatry, Dies at 94,
NYT,
20.4.2011,
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/04/21/health/21freedman.html

 

 

 

 

 

A Stonewall Veteran, 89,

Misses the Parade

 

June 27, 2010

The New York Times

By MANNY FERNANDEZ

 

At noon on Sunday, thousands of marchers filled Fifth Avenue for New York City’s annual gay pride parade. Nearly six miles away, on the sixth floor of a nursing home in Brooklyn, the frail, white-haired woman in beige pajamas and brown slippers in Room 609 sat motionless at the edge of her bed, staring out her window.

She touched the medallion on her necklace — an image of St. Jude, the patron saint of lost causes — and fiddled with one of her rings.

“This one,” she said of the ring on a pinky finger, “I hit a guy so hard I knocked the stone out, and I hadn’t gotten around to put it back yet.”

She had forgotten that the gay pride march was Sunday. Her mind and her memory are not as sharp as her wit and her tongue. She said she had been living there, at the Oxford Nursing Home, for years (she arrived in April). She was not sure how old she was (she will be 90 in December).

The woman in Room 609, Storme DeLarverie, has dementia. She is but one anonymous elderly New Yorker in a city with thousands upon thousands of them. And many of those who marched down Fifth Avenue on Sunday would be hard pressed to realize that this little old lady — once the cross-dressing M.C. of a group of drag-queen performers, once a fiercely protective (and pistol-packing) bouncer in the city’s lesbian bars — was one of the reasons they were marching.

Ms. DeLarverie fought the police in 1969 at the historic riot at the Stonewall Inn in Greenwich Village that kicked off the gay rights movement. The first gay pride parade in 1970 was not a parade at all but a protest marking the one-year anniversary of the Stonewall uprising.

Some writers believe Ms. DeLarverie may have been the cross-dressing lesbian whose clubbing by the police was the catalyst for the riots (the woman has never been identified). While others are adamant that Ms. DeLarverie was not that woman, no one disputes that she was there, and no one doubts that the woman who had been fighting back all her life fought back in the summer of 1969.

At one point on Sunday, she said she was not struck by the police. At another moment, she said a police officer had hit her from behind. “He wound up flat on his back on the ground,” said Ms. DeLarverie, a member of the Stonewall Veterans’ Association. “I don’t know what he hit me with. He hit me from behind, the coward.”

Ms. DeLarverie has struggled in recent years with a confluence of housing, mental health and legal issues. In 2009, a social services group, the Jewish Association for Services for the Aged, was appointed her legal guardian by a judge. In March, she was hospitalized after she was found disoriented and dehydrated at the Chelsea Hotel, her home for decades. No one occupies her room on the seventh floor of the hotel, but it remains unclear if she will ever return.

A small group of friends, including some of her neighbors at the Chelsea Hotel, visit her regularly. A social worker with the nonprofit group SAGE, which provides services to lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender older people, has been assisting Ms. DeLarverie since 1999, when she was at risk of eviction from the hotel.

Some of her friends said they had been frustrated by the way she was treated by the authorities and others, and they expressed disappointment that Ms. DeLarverie’s troubles have not been a widespread concern for many gay and lesbian activists.

“I feel like the gay community could have really rallied, but they didn’t,” said Lisa Cannistraci, a longtime friend of Ms. DeLarverie’s who is the owner of the lesbian bar Henrietta Hudson, where Ms. DeLarverie worked as a bouncer.

“The young gays and lesbians today have never heard of her,” Ms. Cannistraci said, “and most of our activists are young. They’re in their 20s and early 30s. The community that’s familiar with her is dwindling.”

Ms. DeLarverie’s friends said they were disturbed because she spent most of her days inside the nursing home and they had not been allowed to take her outside, even for walks.

Leah Ferster, chief services officer for the Jewish Association for Services for the Aged, said she was not aware that that was a concern among her friends. “We have to make sure she’s medically capable and able, and if that was true, then we would be glad to speak with her friends and see if we can come up with a safe plan and have her go out for a few hours,” she said.

Ms. DeLarverie’s first name is pronounced STORM-ee, like the weather, but in Room 609 on Sunday, she was calm, chatty, graceful. Her life has been flamboyant, boundary-breaking, the stuff of pulp fiction.

Friends say she worked for the mob in Chicago. The drag-queen group she performed with decades ago, known as the Jewel Box Revue, regularly played the Apollo in Harlem (she dressed as a man and the men dressed as women). She was photographed by Diane Arbus. She carried a straight-edge razor in her sock, and while some merely walked to and from the gay and lesbian bars in the Village, friends said, she patrolled.

Sitting at the edge of her bed, her mind turned again to the parade, where, in the past, she had been a fixture. She said she had a message for those who took part in the celebration. “Just be themselves, like they’ve always been,” she said. “They don’t have to pretend anything. They’re who they are.”

Ms. DeLarverie asked what time it was, and what time the march started. At one point, she took off her slippers and seemed to look for her shoes. “I think they started already,” she said. “They’re probably wondering where I am.”


Colin Moynihan contributed reporting.

A Stonewall Veteran, 89, Misses the Parade,
NYT,
27.6.2010,
http://www.nytimes.com/2010/06/28/nyregion/
28storme.html 

 

 

 

 

 

Supreme Court Strikes Down

Texas Law Banning Sodomy

 

June 26, 2003

The New York Times

By JOEL BRINKLEY

 

WASHINGTON, June 26 — The Supreme Court struck down a Texas law today that forbids homosexual sex, and reversed its own ruling in a similar Georgia case 17 years ago, thus invalidating antisodomy laws in the states that still have them.

Justice Anthony M. Kennedy, writing for the majority in the 6-to-3 Texas decision, said that gay people "are entitled to respect for their private lives," adding that "the state cannot demean their existence or control their destiny by making their private sexual conduct a crime."

Justices John Paul Stevens, David H. Souter, Ruth Bader Ginsburg and Stephen G. Breyer agreed with Justice Kennedy. Justice Sandra Day O'Connor sided with the majority in its decision, but in a separate opinion disagreed with some of Justice Kennedy's reasoning.

Justice Antonin Scalia wrote the dissent and took the unusual step of reading it aloud from the bench this morning, saying "the court has largely signed on to the so-called homosexual agenda," while adding that he personally has "nothing against homosexuals." Joining Justice Scalia's dissent were Chief Justice William H. Rehnquist and Justice Clarence Thomas.

Justice Scalia said he believed the ruling paved the way for homosexual marriages. "This reasoning leaves on shaky, pretty shaky, grounds state laws limiting marriage to opposite-sex couples," he wrote.

The court's actions today would also seem to overturn any law forbidding sodomy, no matter whether it deals with homosexual or heterosexual activity.

The case, Lawrence v. Texas, No. 02-102, was an appeal of a ruling by the Texas Court of Appeals, which had upheld the law barring "deviate sexual intercourse." The plaintiffs, John G. Lawrence and Tyron Garner of Houston, were arrested in 1998 after police officers, responding to a false report of a disturbance, discovered them having sex in Mr. Lawrence's apartment. Mr. Lawrence and Mr. Garner were jailed overnight and fined $200 each after pleading no contest to sodomy charges.

In its ruling today in the Texas case and its revisiting of the 1986 Georgia case, the Supreme Court made a sharp turn.

In 1986, the justices upheld an antisodomy law in Georgia, prompting protests from gay rights advocates and civil liberties groups. But in the 17 years since, the social climate in the United States has changed, broadening public perceptions of gays and softening the legal and social sanctions that once confronted gay people. Until 1961, all 50 states banned sodomy. By 1968, that number had dwindled to 24 states, and by today's ruling, it stood at 13.

Even though the court upheld the Georgia antisodomy statute — which had applied to heterosexual as well as homosexual conduct — a Georgia court later voided it. But the justices' ruling on the legal principle behind the Georgia statute continued to stand, so today the court, voting 5 to 4, issued a new ruling overturning its 1986 decision in the Georgia case.

Of the three current justices who were on the court when it initially ruled in the Georgia case, in 1986, Justices Rehnquist and O'Connor voted to uphold the Georgia law in 1986 and Justice Stevens voted to strike it down.

The Lambda Legal Defense and Education Fund, which works on behalf of gay rights advocates and related groups, brought the appeal of the Texas ruling to the court, arguing that it violated equal protection and due process laws. It described sexual intimacy in the home as an aspect of the "liberty" protected by the Constitutional guarantee of due process.

Today's ruling "will be a powerful tool for gay people in all 50 states where we continue fighting to be treated equally," the Lambda fund's legal director, Ruth Harlow, said. "For decades, these laws have been a major roadblock to equality. They've labeled the entire gay community as criminals and second-class citizens. Today, the Supreme Court ended that once and for all."

Some lawyers for the plaintiffs wept in the courtroom as the court made public its decision today. Several legal and medical groups had joined gay rights and human rights groups in their challenge to the Texas law.

But traditional-values conservatives reacted angrily to the court's actions, particularly regarding the prospect that they could open the legal door to gay marriages.

"If there's no rational basis for prohibiting same-sex sodomy by consenting adults, then state laws prohibiting prostitution, adultery, bigamy, and incest are at risk," Jan LaRue, chief counsel for Concerned Women for America, a conservative group, said. "No doubt, homosexual activists will try to bootstrap this decision into a mandate for same-sex marriage. Any attempt to equate sexual perversion with the institution that is the very foundation of society is as baseless as this ruling."

Nonetheless, today's ruling was not surprising, given the tone of the justices' questions during oral arguments before the court on March 26, when it appeared that a majority of the court was even then ready to overturn the Texas law.

Most of the remaining states with antisodomy laws forbid anal or oral sex among consenting adults no matter their sex or relationship. Texas is one of only four states whose law distinguished between heterosexual and homosexual consensual sex.

In the March arguments, the plaintiffs' lawyer, Paul M. Smith, chose to argue that while the concept of gay rights as such did not have deep historical roots, a libertarian spirit of personal privacy did reach back to the country's beginnings.

"So you really have a tradition of respect for the privacy of couples in their home, going back to the founding," Mr. Smith said. He noted that three-quarters of the states had repealed their criminal sodomy laws for everyone, "based on a recognition that it's not consistent with our basic American values about the relationship between the individual and the state."

Justice Scalia retorted, "Suppose that all the states had laws against flagpole sitting at one time" and subsequently repealed them. "Does that make flagpole sitting a fundamental right?"

The district attorney for Harris County, Tex., Charles A. Rosenthal Jr., argued that "Texas has the right to set moral standards and can set bright-line moral standards for its people." He asked the court "not to disenfranchise 23 million Texans who ought to have the right to participate in questions having to do with moral issues."

But in the ruling today, Justice Sandra Day O'Connor wrote, "A law branding one class of persons as criminal solely based on the state's moral disapproval of that class and the conduct associated with that class runs contrary to the values of the Constitution and the Equal Protection Clause, under any standard of review."

Supreme Court Strikes Down Texas Law Banning Sodomy,
NYT,
26.6.2003,
http://www.nytimes.com/2003/06/26/
politics/26CND-GAYS.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > Vocapedia

 

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dating, love,

marriage, divorce, family

 

 

 

 

 

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