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Vocapedia > UK > Democracy, Politics > Politics

 

 

The Guardian        p. 13        2 July 2004

 

L: Gordon Brown

Chancellor of the Exchequer (1997-2007)

 

R: Tony Charles Lynton Blair

British Prime Minister (1997-2007)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Guardian        14 May 2004

 

Prime Minister Tony Blair

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Steve Bell

https://www.theguardian.com/cartoons/stevebell/0,,1771530,00.html 

 

Blair v Brown: the public and the private disputes

· Fresh demand for exit date

· No 11 anger at PM letter

· No 10 intervenes in spending

· New pensions row

Patrick Wintour, political editor        p. 29        The Guardian

Wednesday May 10, 2006

https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2006/may/10/
uk.topstories3

 

L to R: Gordon Brown, Prime Minister Tony Blair

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tony Blair delivers his speech

at the Labour party conference in Brighton.

 

Photograph: Andrew Parsons/PA

'We are the changemakers.' Blair urges ever-faster reform

PM silent on handover.

But Cherie tells BBC: 'Darling, it's a long way in the future'

Michael White Political editor        The Guardian        p. 1        28.9.2005

https://www.theguardian.com/society/2005/sep/28/
publicservices.politics 

 

Cartoon: Martin Rowson

The Guardian        p. 29        28.9.2005

https://www.theguardian.com/cartoons/martinrowson/0,7371,1579984,00.html 

 

Prime Minister Tony Blair

Related > Labour Party conference, Brighton

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Martin Rowson

The Guardian        p. 25        29 September 2005

https://www.theguardian.com/cartoons/martinrowson/0,7371,1580743,00.html 

 

M: Foreign Secretary Jack Straw

Background > Labour Party conference, Brighton

Minister apologises for ejecting party veteran over Iraq

David Hencke and Joseph Harker        The Guardian        Thursday September 29, 2005

https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2005/sep/29/
uk.iraq

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

power

http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2014/mar/14/
tony-benn-the-history-man-editorial

 

 

 

 

battle for power

http://www.theguardian.com/politics/blog/live/2015/may/07/
election-2015-live-final-votes-cast-as-battle-for-power-looms

 

 

 

 

power vacuum

 

 

 

 

the powers that be

 

 

 

 

power-sharing

 

 

 

 

separation of powers

 

 

 

 

establishment

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2020/may/25/
dominic-cummings-one-rule-establishment-sacrifices

 

https://www.theguardian.com/news/audio/2018/dec/14/
why-we-stopped-trusting-elites-podcast

 

http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2014/mar/14/tony-benn-socialism-epitaph

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/majornews/5545521/
Gordon-Brown-is-condemned-over-secret-inquiry-into-Iraq-war.html

 

http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2006/jun/05/comment.politics2

 

 

 

 

elite

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2020/may/26/
dominic-cummings-debacle-exposed-weakness-dependency-boris-johnson

 

 

 

 

elites

https://www.theguardian.com/news/audio/2018/dec/14/
why-we-stopped-trusting-elites-podcast

 

 

 

 

devolution

http://www.theguardian.com/politics/video/2014/sep/20/
gordon-brown-timeline-scottish-devolution-independence-video

http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2014/sep/19/
david-cameron-devolution-revolution-uk-scotland

http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2014/sep/19/
scottish-referendum-david-cameron-devolution-revolution

 

 

 

rule

 

 

 

 

divide and rule

http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2007/mar/29/
immigrationpolicy.prisonsandprobation 

 

 

 

 

coalition

http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2010/may/11/
coalition-government-liberal-democrats-editorial

 

 

 

 

Conservative Liberal Democrat coalition agreement

http://www.guardian.co.uk/politics/interactive/2010/may/15/
coalition-conservative-liberal-democrat-agreement

 

 

 

 

government

 

 

 

 

caretaker government

 

 

 

 

governance        2009

https://www.independent.co.uk/voices/commentators/
dominic-lawson/dominic-lawson-stop-bleating-
about-the-need-for-change-and-hold-an-election-1700199.html 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

state

 

 

 

 

police state

https://www.theguardian.com/uk/2005/jan/28/
terrorism.humanrights1

 

 

 

 

welfare state

https://www.theguardian.com/politics/welfare 

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/politics/2010/may/26/
iain-duncan-smith-interview-welfare

 

 

 

 

war on welfare

http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2013/apr/10/
thatcherism-infected-politics

 

 

 

 

nanny state

http://www.theguardian.com/uk/2007/sep/09/
health.healthandwellbeing

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

the right

http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2016/apr/17/
america-britain-right-in-crisis-donald-trump-ted-cruz-boris-johnson-nigel-farage

 

 

 

 

to the right

http://www.guardian.co.uk/politics/2012/sep/04/
david-cameron-government-reshuffle-cabinet

 

 

 

 

rightwing

 

 

 

 

rightwing thinktank

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

the left

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/video/2016/jul/27/
the-left-is-not-dead-heres-how-we-come-back-fighting-video

 

 

 

 

the British left

http://www.theguardian.com/theguardian/from-the-archive-blog/2014/mar/14/
tony-benn-labour-died-aged-88

 

 

 

 

Tony Benn (...)

was the figurehead

of the British left

for a generation.

http://www.theguardian.com/theguardian/from-the-archive-blog/2014/mar/14/
tony-benn-labour-died-aged-88

 

 

 

leftwing

http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2014/mar/14/
tony-benn-obituary

 

 

 

 

leftwinger

http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2015/sep/12/
jeremy-corbyn-labour-leader-mps-party-split

 

 

 

 

leftist        USA

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2015/09/12/
439741271/leftist-jeremy-corbyn-wins-leadership-of-britains-labour-party

 

 

 

 

socialists

http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2014/mar/14/
left-after-tony-benn-bob-crow

 

 

 

 

radicals

http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2014/mar/14/
left-after-tony-benn-bob-crow

 

 

 

 

struggle

http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/belief/2014/mar/14/
tony-benn-rip

 

 

 

 

struggle

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

republicanism

http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2011/apr/29/
royal-wedding-love-storming-palace

 

 

 

 

freedom

 

 

 

 

freedom of speech

http://www.theguardian.com/education/2006/oct/20/
highereducation.uk 

 

 

 

 

free speech

http://comment.independent.co.uk/leading_articles/
article3191534.ece

 

 

 

 

speech

https://www.independent.co.uk/voices/commentators/simon-carr/
simon-carr-labours-campaign-may-end-in-their-coming-third-1794984.html 

 

 

 

 

rousing speech

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

democracy

 

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2020/jun/03/
britain-democracy-tories-coronavirus-public-power

 

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2016/jul/10/
britain-needs-more-than-theresa-may-to-reshape-democracy

 

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2007/jul/01/
leaders.comment1

 

http://www.theguardian.com/news/1953/sep/14/
mainsection.fromthearchive 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

parliamentary democracy

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

representative democracies

 

https://www.theguardian.com/news/audio/2018/dec/14/
why-we-stopped-trusting-elites-podcast

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 'chumocracy'

 

https://www.theguardian.com/news/audio/2020/dec/07/
the-rise-of-the-chumocracy

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

democrat

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

democratic

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

troll state

 

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2018/mar/14/
the-guardian-view-on-theresa-may-and-russia-tackling-the-troll-state

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

constitution

 

https://www.theguardian.com/books/2017/jun/16/
will-self-need-constitution-for-country-write-it-down

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Britain's "unwritten constitution"

of acts of Parliament, common law and conventions

 

Push for written constitution        2004-2007

 

Gordon Brown's

route map for constitutional reform  

 

https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2007/jul/04/uk.houseofcommons  

https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2007/jul/04/uk.constitution 

https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2007/jul/04/houseofcommons.constitution 

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2007/jul/04/politics.uk 

https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2007/jun/29/labour.gordonbrown 

http://www.bbc.co.uk/education/asguru/generalstudies/
society/27constitution/constitution04.shtml

 

https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2007/may/12/uk.topstories31 

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/politics/4744980.stm

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/politics/5165392.stm

 

https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2006/oct/09/law.immigrationpolicy 

https://www.theguardian.com/society/2006/sep/25/publicservices.politics 

 

http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2004/aug/03/constitution.humanrights 

http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200506/cmhansrd/cm050525/debtext/50525-05.htm

 

http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2004/aug/03/constitution.humanrights

https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/
cm200405/cmhansrd/vo050111/debtext/50111-04.htm 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

anarchy

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

anarchist

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

anarchism

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/video/2013/jul/25/
simon-critchley-infinitely-demanding-video

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

cronies

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

cronyism

 

http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2014/mar/14/
gove-attacks-preposterous-number-old-etonians-cameron-cabinet

 

http://www.theguardian.com/society/2002/mar/28/
londonpolitics.londonmayor 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

nepotism

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

politics (+ Vsing)

https://www.theguardian.com/politics

 

http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2015/sep/11/
jeremy-corbyn-aims-to-throw-out-theatrical-abuse-in-parliament

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2013/apr/10/
thatcherism-infected-politics

 

 

 

 

‘Alice in Wonderland’ politics

http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2015/aug/29/
tony-blair-corbynmania-alice-in-wonderland

 

 

 

 

green politics

http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/georgemonbiot/2010/apr/22/
climate-debate-miliband-clark-hughes

 

 

 

 

public trust in politics

 

 

 

 

restore faith in politics

 

 

 

 

The Red Box

 

Sam Coates

is Chief Political Correspondent for The Times,

based in the Houses of Parliament.

Red Box is a rolling insider guide to Westminster

http://archive.today/2bbWI

 

 

 

 

party politics

 

 

 

 

politics and terrorism > counter-terrorism policy

https://www.theguardian.com/politics/terrorism  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

political

http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2013/apr/17/
margaret-thatchers-funeral-deeply-political

 

 

 

 

political landscape

https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2019/dec/15/
britains-new-political-landscape

 

 

 

 

political freedoms

http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/belief/2014/mar/14/
tony-benn-rip

 

 

 

 

religious freedom

http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/belief/2014/mar/14/
tony-benn-rip

 

 

 

 

political will

 

 

 

 

political deadlock

 

 

 

 

political battlefield

 

 

 

 

political Armageddon

 

 

 

 

political savvy

 

 

 

 

political blog

http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2004/jul/19/
weblogs.onlinesupplement 

 

 

 

 

political commentators

 

 

 

 

commentariat / political bloggers

http://www.theguardian.com/media/2005/nov/17/
newmedia.politicsandthemedia 

 

 

 

 

political elites

 

 

 

 

policy

http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2006/sep/26/
labourconference.labour 

http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2006/jul/30/
syria.israel 

 

 

 

 

foreign policy

http://www.guardian.co.uk/politics/2009/jun/19/
gordon-brown-internet-foreign-policy

 

 

 

 

foreign policy > appease

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/picture/2017/jan/29/
martin-rowson-theresa-mays-international-travels-cartoon

 

 

 

 

policy maker

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

politician

http://www.independent.co.uk/opinion/commentators/
ian-birrell-how-our-politicians-failed-to-stop-the-rise-of-the-far-right-1700206.html

http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2007/jul/20/uk.
partyfunding4 

 

 

 

 

shrewd politician

 

 

 

 

politicians on all sides

 

 

 

 

the political class

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2016/jul/10/
britain-needs-more-than-theresa-may-to-reshape-democracy

 

 

 

 

political player

http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2014/mar/14/
tony-benn-the-history-man-editorial

 

 

 

 

believe

http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/belief/2014/mar/14/
tony-benn-rip

 

 

 

 

belief

 

 

 

 

idealism

http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2014/mar/14/
tony-benn-rare-breed-idealism

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

demagogue

 

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/oct/03/
demagogues-fury-violence-outrage-discourse

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

demagoguery

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

populism

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/series/the-new-populism

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/news/audio/2018/dec/14/
why-we-stopped-trusting-elites-podcast

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/ng-interactive/2018/nov/20/
revealed-one-in-four-europeans-vote-populist

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

woo the middle classes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

class war

 

http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2006/jun/05/
comment.politics2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

coup

http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2009/jun/08/
gordon-brown-leadership-crisis 

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/newstopics/politics/labour/5462329/
Anatomy-of-a-Cabinet-coup-how-Blairite-ministers-tried-to-remove-Brown.html

 

 

 

 

plot        2009

https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/politics/gordon-brown/5463596/
Revealed-how-Cabinet-Blairites-plotted-to-topple-Brown.html

 

 

 

 

topple        2009

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/newstopics/politics/gordon-brown/
5463596/Revealed-how-Cabinet-Blairites-plotted-to-topple-Brown.html

 

 

 

 

oust        2009

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/eu/5480104/
Analysis--No-one-had-the-guts-to-ouse-Gordon-Brown.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

lobby

 

 

 

 

lobby

 

 

 

 

cigarette / tobacco lobby

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2013/may/04/
smoking-tobacco-lobby 

https://www.theguardian.com/society/2013/may/04/
cigarette-lobby-plain-packs 

 

 

 

 

lobbying

http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2014/mar/12/
lobbying-10-ways-corprations-influence-government

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

scapegoat

 

 

 

 

be made a scapegoat

 

 

 

 

scapegoat

http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2009/mar/27/binyam-mohamed-torture

 

 

 

 

whistleblower

http://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2015/aug/19/
chelsea-manning-guilty-but-spared-solitary-confinement-for-contraband

 

https://www.theguardian.com/uk/2003/nov/14/
freedomofinformation.iraq 

 

 

 

 

white elephant

https://www.theguardian.com/theguardian/cartoon/2009/feb/10/
steve-bell-cartoon-bankers-questioned 

 

 

 

 

whitewash

 

 

 

 

red herring

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

power

 

 

 

 

hand power

 

 

 

 

hand over

 

 

 

 

handover

http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2006/may/01/uk.
topstories3 

 

 

 

 

take over

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

press officer

http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2006/aug/31/uk.media 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

poll // survey ( ≠ election)

http://www.theguardian.com/politics/scottish-independence-blog/live/2014/sep/17/
scottish-independence-referendum-salmond-and-darling-interviewed-on-today-live

 

http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2013/aug/12/
guardian-icm-poll-tories-economic-confidence

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/politics/2011/mar/25/
voters-cuts-coalition-poll

http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2011/feb/27/
support-poll-support-far-right

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/politics/2010/dec/26/
coalition-government-support-dramatically-down

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Guardian        p.10        29 June 2004

https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2004/jun/29/uk.tradeunions 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

lead

 

 

 

 

leader

http://www.guardian.co.uk/politics/2010/sep/25/ed-miliband-wins-labour-leadership

 

 

 

 

leadership

http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2005/may/09/labour.uk 

http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2005/may/06/
election2005.uk6 

 

 

 

 

leadership challenge

 

 

 

 

leadership bid

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/newstopics/politics/gordon-brown/5452979/
Alan-Johnson-refuses-to-rule-out-eventual-leadership-bid.html

 

 

 

 

leadership coup

 

 

 

 

Labour party leadership

https://www.theguardian.com/politics/labourleadership 

 

 

 

 

contender

http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2005/may/06/election2005.uk6

 

 

 

 

 

 

defect to N

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

James Purnell's letter

The Times

http://extras.timesonline.co.uk/pdfs/jp_to_pm.pdf

added 6 June 2009

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

quit

http://www.guardian.co.uk/politics/2009/jun/02/darling-hoon-expenses-reshuffle

 

http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2007/mar/12/immigrationpolicy.military

 

http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2006/jan/22/uk.liberaldemocrats 

 

 

 

 

quit / stand down

http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2005/may/06/election2005.uk7 

 

 

 

 

resign / step down

http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2016/jun/24/
david-cameron-resigns-after-uk-votes-to-leave-european-union

 

http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2009/jun/02/darling-hoon-expenses-reshuffle 

 

http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2006/nov/10/immigrationpolicy.research 

http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2006/oct/20/labour.clareshort 

 

http://www.theguardian.com/society/2005/nov/02/money.davidblunkett 

 

 

 

 

walk out

 

 

 

 

walkout

http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/politics/
new-walkout-hits-brown-reshuffle-1697487.html

 

 

 

 

walk away

http://www.guardian.co.uk/politics/2009/jun/05/
gordon-brown-elections

 

 

 

 

stand aside

 

 

 

 

resignation

 

 

 

 

resignation's speech

http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2005/may/06/election2005.comment 

 

 

 

 

resignation letter

http://www.guardian.co.uk/politics/2009/jun/05/
caroline-flint-resignation-letter

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

spin

http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2006/oct/05/
uk.conservatives20061 

 

 

 

 

spin one's way off the hook

 

 

 

 

spin doctor

http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2015/sep/15/
eremy-corbyn-needs-spin-doctor-media-four-reasons

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/politics/2009/apr/21/
damian-mcbride-whitehall-media-no10

 

 

 

 

hype

 

 

 

 

stonewall

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

sleaze

http://www.guardian.co.uk/politics/2008/mar/31/lords

 

http://commentisfree.guardian.co.uk/peter_wilby/2006/12/post_803.html

http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2006/mar/18/uk.constitution1 

 

 

 

 

cash for honours        2006-2007

https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2007/jul/20/cashforhonours.partyfunding 

http://politics.guardian.co.uk/cashforhonours/story/0,,2130915,00.html

http://politics.guardian.co.uk/cashforhonours/story/0,,2130989,00.html

http://politics.guardian.co.uk/cashforhonours/story/0,,2130958,00.html

http://politics.guardian.co.uk/cashforhonours/story/0,,2130926,00.html

http://politics.guardian.co.uk/cashforhonours/story/0,,2130928,00.html

http://politics.guardian.co.uk/cashforhonours/story/0,,2130925,00.html

http://politics.guardian.co.uk/cashforhonours/story/0,,2130927,00.html

http://politics.guardian.co.uk/funding/story/0,,1972222,00.html

http://politics.guardian.co.uk/labour/story/0,,1972191,00.html

http://politics.guardian.co.uk/funding/story/0,,1972222,00.html

https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2006/dec/14/
labour.comment

 

 

 

 

abuse of perks

https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2006/may/01/uk.labour1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

spokesman / spokeswoman

 

 

 

 

ombudsman

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

activist

http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2009/may/31/
kingsnorth-activists-climate-change-coal

 

 

 

 

political activist > Solly Kaye    1913-2005

http://www.theguardian.com/news/2005/may/04/
guardianobituaries.obituaries

 

 

 

 

eco war

http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2009/may/31/
kingsnorth-activists-climate-change-coal

 

 

 

 

disobedient

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2006/dec/09/
comment.nuclear 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

agenda

http://www.guardian.co.uk/society/2012/jun/14/child-poverty-iain-duncan-smith

 

https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2005/may/18/uk.society 

 

 

 

 

welfare agenda

http://www.guardian.co.uk/society/2012/jun/14/
child-poverty-iain-duncan-smith

 

 

 

 

top of the agenda

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

leaked document

 

 

 

 

white paper

http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk-news/2013/jul/02/
part-time-soldiers-incentives-employers

 

https://www.theguardian.com/money/2006/may/26/politics.lifeandhealth 

https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/
security-in-retirement-towards-a-new-pensions-system

http://www.theguardian.com/money/2006/may/25/politics.business

http://www.theguardian.com/uk/2006/may/22/politics.money 

 

http://www.theguardian.com/education/2005/dec/19/schools.uk3 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

white elephant

http://www.guardian.co.uk/politics/cartoon/2010/aug/01/
trident-replacement-coalition-government

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/technology/2006/jun/16/
egovernment.politics

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2002/jun/23/
economy

 

 

 

 

red herring

https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2003/dec/29/uk.iraq 

 

 

 

 

red tape

http://www.theguardian.com/business/2005/nov/28/
budget2006.politics 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

cross party support

 

 

 

 

implement

 

 

 

 

scrap

http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/sifting-the-evidence/2013/may/03/
lives-lost-standardised-cigarette-pack-plans

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/politics/2009/apr/24/titan-prisons-jack-straw

 

 

 

 

endorse / back

http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2007/apr/29/uk.labourleadership

 

 

 

 

pledge

http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2013/nov/29/ed-miliband-pledge-simplify-energy-bills

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/politics/2012/jan/19/david-cameron-pledges-popular-capitalism

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/newsbysector/mediatechnologyandtelecoms/5546288/
Gordon-Brown-pledges-broadband-for-all-amid-claims-millions-will-be-denied-service.html

 

 

 

 

pledge

 

 

 

 

hype up

 

 

 

 

run a smear campaign

 

 

 

 

deal with N

 

 

 

 

stand on N

 

 

 

 

toe the line

 

 

 

 

make it clear

 

 

 

 

U-turn

 

 

 

 

turn turtle

 

 

 

 

climbdown

https://www.theguardian.com/money/2006/apr/04/
politics.business 

 

 

 

 

unveil

http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2008/oct/08/banking.economy1

 

 

 

 

unveil proposals

 

 

 

 

elected regional assembly

 

 

 

 

devolve

 

 

 

 

devolution

 

 

 

 

be dissolved

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ombudsman

 

 

 

 

pressure group

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

scandal

http://www.guardian.co.uk/politics/2009/may/15/shahid-malik-1000-tv

 

 

 

 

MPs' expenses:

The Telegraph's investigation,

The Expenses Files,

into how politicians

- from Gordon Brown's Cabinet

to backbenchers of all parties -

exploit the system

of parliamentary allowances

to subsidise their lifestyles

and multiple homes        2009

https://www.telegraph.co.uk/mp-expenses/ 

 

 

 

 

row

http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2009/sep/01/lockerbie-libya-megrahi

 

 

 

 

be held accountable for N

 

 

 

 

beleaguered

http://www.guardian.co.uk/politics/2009/jun/16/simon-lewis-pr-downing-brown1

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/politics/2009/jun/01/alistair-darling-apology-expenses-gordon-brown

 

 

 

 

embattled

https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2018/sep/30/
embattled-may-struggles-keep-show-on-road

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

mayor of London        UK / USA

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/05/06/
477101551/london-elects-first-muslim-mayor-sadiq-khan-of-the-labour-party

 

http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2000/may/05/
londonmayor.past  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

quango

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/politics/2010/oct/07/quangos-government-multibillion-pound-bill

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2008/dec/06/waste-recycling

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

feminism

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

suffragettes

 

https://www.theguardian.com/politics/womens-suffrage

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/uk/2006/sep/29/gender.women 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

peace movement

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Trotskyist group

 

 

 

 

Communist party

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EU

 

 

 

 

euro

 

 

 

 

single currency

 

 

 

 

EU membership

 

 

 

 

join the EU

 

 

 

 

entry

 

 

 

 

treaty

 

 

 

 

European charter

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ireland

 

 

 

 

taoiseach

https://www.taoiseach.gov.ie/eng/ 

 

 

 

 

Northern Ireland

 

 

 

 

Sinn Féin

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

soundbites

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

mantra

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

catchphrase

 

 

 

 

"You've never had it so good"

 

1957: Britons 'have never had it so good'

 

The British Prime Minister,

Harold Macmillan,

has made an optimistic speech

telling fellow Conservatives

that "most of our people have never had it so good".

 

http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/july/20/newsid_3728000/3728225.stm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

"the enemy within"

 

But Maggie still wanted

a showdown with a major union.

 

She got her wish in 1984 when the battle mode

she had recently adopted for the Falklands conflict

was directed towards a new combatant:

Arthur Scargill, who led his loyal troops

into the trap she set.

 

As she famously - and controversially -

framed the dispute at the time,

"We had to fight the enemy without in the Falklands.

We always have to be aware of the enemy within,

which is much more difficult to fight

and more dangerous to liberty."

 

http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/3067563.stm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

"Labour is not working"        1978

 

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk/1222326.stm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mr Blair promised to focus on

"education, education, education,"

after his landslide victory in 1997

 

http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2001/sep/04/uk.highereducation 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tony Blair's landmark pledge

to be 'tough on crime,

tough on the causes of crime'.

 

http://www.theguardian.com/politics/wintour-and-watt/2011/mar/10/yvette-cooper-labour

 

http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2006/jun/23/immigrationpolicy.ukcrime1

http://www.bbc.co.uk/otr/intext92-93/Blair4.7.93.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

John Major > Back to basics

 

In 1993,

the Major governmen

- perhaps fatally -

launched the 'Back to Basics' campaign.

It was notorious for its high moral tone

and sparked intense media interest

in MPs' private lives.

 

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/politics/202525.stm

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e-kBxQ8cskg

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Margaret Thatcher's most famous soundbites / speeches

 

http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/1888444.stm

http://politics.guardian.co.uk/politicspast/story/0,9061,1059749,00.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Margaret Thatcher > "the lady's not for turning"        1981        USA

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/04/09/world/europe/
former-prime-minister-margaret-thatcher-of-britain-has-died.html

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rQ-M0KEFm9I&feature=related

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Guardian Special Report > Politics past

 

https://www.theguardian.com/politics/past

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Corpus of news articles

 

UK > Democracy, Politics > Politics

 

 

 

The evidence is clear.

Labour isn't working

 

Sunday September 21 2008
The Observer
Editorial
This article appeared in the Observer
on Sunday September 21 2008
on p40 of the Comment section.
It was last updated at 00:02
on September 21 2008.

 

A disorderly rebellion by backbench Labour MPs and minor ministers last week failed to provoke a formal challenge to Gordon Brown at the party's conference. But there will still be urgent discussion of the leadership in Manchester. The only question is whether the debate will be conducted in hushed whispers in hotel corridors or encouraged by speakers from the conference platform.

Senior Labour figures think the party must pursue a radically different agenda, which means a change of leader. So will they hide their views, impart them to journalists on condition of anonymity or share them openly with the country?

The natural inclination is towards a pretence of unity. Cabinet ministers have warned that voters will punish a party that obsesses about its internal affairs in turbulent economic times. They are right, but their warnings are also beside the point. The introspection cannot be halted by fiat. Besides, voters are already deeply hostile to Gordon Brown.

That is proven beyond doubt by a poll of unprecedented scale revealed in today's Observer - the most comprehensive account to date of Labour's woeful position. A survey of marginal seats, conducted for the Politics-Home website, paints a harrowing picture for the government. On its current trajectory, Labour will emerge from the next election with 160 seats, fewer than they won under Michael Foot in 1983. Meanwhile, any belief that Tory support might wilt is exposed as a delusion. Those who plan to vote Conservative are firmer in their resolve than those who might back the government. Things could get still worse for Labour.

The party might hope its position will recover under Gordon Brown, especially if the economic outlook improves. But the evidence suggests otherwise. The Prime Minister has already tried several times to regain the public's affection, and failed. Even if people accept that the financial crisis is not entirely of Mr Brown's making, they do not want him in charge of the recovery. The poll data are clear: Labour under its current leader is bust.

The only possible reason to stick with Mr Brown is fear that ousting him would just accelerate the march towards defeat. A new leader would face enormous pressure to seek a mandate from the country. Labour will need reassurance that there is a candidate with a plausible chance of taking on David Cameron before starting a process likely to end with a premature general election.

Opinion polls give little guidance on that front. None of the mooted challengers, not even David Miliband, has sufficient public profile for voters to envisage them taking charge of the country. Candidates will only be evaluated in earnest when they have signalled unambiguously that they want the job.

If anyone in the cabinet believes they have the requisite charisma and political vision to lead Labour away from disaster they need to prove it. This week's conference is the place to start. They might be tempted to hold back, for fear that impassioned speeches, full of grand ambition, will be read as overt disloyalty to Mr Brown. But dull rhetoric with half-hearted statements of support for the current leader will also be seen as disloyal, only cowardly to boot. If, however, no one in the cabinet wants to be Prime Minister soon, a simple declaration of that fact is the surest way to unify the party.

The worst scenario for Labour would be a stage-managed charade of loyalty, followed by a resumption of underground agitation; despair disguised as unity.

There may be no ballot, but there is still a contest this week in Manchester. The prospective candidates are on display. They face a clear choice: set out your stall or put away your ambition. Labour is desperate for inspiring leadership. If after 11 years in power neither the Prime Minister nor anyone in the cabinet can provide it, defeat will not only be certain, it will be deserved.

The evidence is clear. Labour isn't working,
O,
21.9.2008,
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2008/sep/21/
labourleadership.gordonbrown

 

 

 

 

 

The battle over government

that has raged since Magna Carta

 

Published: 04 July 2007
The Independent
By Ben Chu

 

Yesterday Mr Brown referred to the British Constitution as "unwritten". That is misleading. A more accurate description would be "un-codified". In common with the citizens of other countries, subjects of the British Crown enjoy certain legally prescribed rights and freedoms. And like the governments of other nations, British administrations are bound by the chains of law and convention.

The difference is that the various Royal Charters, Acts of Parliament and legal rulings that make up the framework of proper British governance have never been gathered and written down in a single legal document in the style of, for example, the Constitution of the US.

Up until the 19th century, the history of the British constitution was, in large part, the history of the struggle for power between the monarch and the aristocracy. In 1215 a coalition of disgruntled barons forced King John to sign the Magna Carta (or Great Charter), left, guaranteeing the right for freemen to be judged, not by the king, but their peers. The monarch was also forced to pledge that "to no one will we deny or delay right or justice", a significant undertaking at a time when rulers enjoyed power unchecked by formal commitments.

The dispute over the limits of royal power rumbled on over the following centuries but it exploded again with great force in the 17th century during the reign of King Charles I. A period of turmoil culminated in the so-called "Glorious Revolution". In 1688, a collection of peers deposed James II and invited Prince William of Orange and his wife Mary to become joint sovereigns on the condition that they acquiesce to some rigid restrictions on the power of the monarchy and guarantees of the rights of parliament. This settlement was enshrined in the Bill of Rights, which guaranteed freedom of speech, frequent parliaments and free elections. This settlement, perhaps more than anything else before or since, was the basis for our system of parliamentary sovereignty. But still only a minority of rich men were entitled to vote. It took a succession of reform acts to widen the franchise.

    The battle over government that has raged since Magna Carta, I, 4.7.2007,
    http://news.independent.co.uk/uk/politics/article2733250.ece

 

 

 

 

 

May 3 1997

 

The history man's 'noble causes'

 

From The Guardian archive

 

May 3 1997

The Guardian

 

This was our Velvet Revolution, and yesterday the population went wild, British-style. People were seen breaking into half-smiles in public while reading the papers; some thought about making eye contact in the Tube, then remembered themselves and drew back.

The extent of Labour's landslide meant that comparisons with 1945 were inevitable. But there was no repe tition of the remark attributed to a lady diner at the Savoy as news of Clement Attlee's triumph filtered through: 'But this is terrible. They have elected a Labour Government and the country will never stand for that.'

Mr Attlee could never have entered Downing Street with one-hundredth of the studied triumphalism of Tony Blair, or one-thousandth of his elan. The new Prime Minister omitted to drape himself in a purple toga, dragging the defeated general in chains behind his chariot. His symbolism experts must have lost their nerve. Instead, he progressed on foot from the Thatcher Memorial Gates to No. 10, working a cheering throng, who had all been given flags and placards with suspiciously similar handwriting.

This was the piece de resistance of Labour's campaign show, the final celebratory burst of electoral fireworks. At least one hopes it is. There is a lingering suspicion that the next five years could be like this. It worked all right for Kennedy, Reagan and Clinton; and Blair is the first British leader charismatic enough to make the comparisons sensible. He refrained from quoting Francis of Assisi like Mrs Thatcher. He said he would lead 'a government of practical measures in pursuit of noble causes'. Then he said there had been enough talking. 'It is time now to do.'

But it wasn't. It was time for another photo opportunity. The children posed, and Tony and Cherie hugged and waved, and hugged again. Finally, the door shut behind them, and Blair began that mystical process of governance of which he — until that moment — knew as little as the rest of us. The rest of us, meanwhile, tried to come to terms with the magnitude of what had occurred. It was not easy. But it really has happened. The long years of Toryism are history.

Outside Downing Street, London looked as it always does on a warm spring day, more frazzled than sunlit. The West End was clogged with traffic, and there were beggars on the Strand.

You can't blame the Government. Not yet. Reality will intrude soon enough: every one knows that, the Prime Minister better than anyone. But for one shining moment everything does seem bright and new again. Please God, don't let Labour ruin it.

    From The Guardian archive > May 3 1997 > The history man's 'noble causes',
    G, 17.5.2007, Republished 3.5.2007, p. 34,
    http://digital.guardian.co.uk/guardian/2007/05/03/pages/ber34.shtml

 

 

 

 

 

On This Day - July 25, 1969

 

From The Times Archive

 

Imprisoned for smuggling leaflets into the USSR,

Gerald Brooke was exchanged for the Soviet agents

Peter and Helen Kroger

 

LOOKING gaunt and pale after four years in Soviet gaols, Mr Gerald Brooke flew home yesterday “numbed” — to use his own word — by the shock of his sudden release.

Speaking haltingly at first, he explained that he had to get used again to speaking English — “and to seeing so many people”. Half-an-hour earlier, after stepping from a Soviet Ilyushin 62 aircraft, he was reunited with his wife Barbara in a private lounge at Heathrow airport.

Wearing his old grammar school tie and the same charcoal grey suit in which he was arrested by the KGB, the Soviet secret police, in April, 1956, Mr Brooke, who is 32 and was a lecturer in Russian, talked with reporters before being driven in a Foreign Office car to his home in Finchley. He said the Russians had only broken the news of his release 24 hours earlier — exactly four years to the day after they had gaoled him. A Soviet official said they had “splendid” news for him. “Tomorrow”, he was informed, “you will be in England, and tomorrow evening at home with your wife and family.”

Mr Brooke was visibly bewildered by his sudden switch from the harshness of a Soviet gaol to the brightly lit interview room. Asked about his health he answered: “I am not well at all.” He had been suffering from an inflammation of the lower colon which had been “aggravated by the sort of food I had to eat in prison”.

All attempts to get Mr Brooke to speak about conditions in prison and the Russians’ treatment of him failed. All Mr Brooke would say about his prison conditions was that “they were not particularly soft”.

    From The Times Archives > On This Day - July 25, 1969,
    The Times, 25.7.2005,
    http://www.newsint-archive.co.uk/pages/main.asp

 

 

 

 

 

On This Day - August 5, 1963

 

From The Times Archive

 

Dr Stephen Ward, the osteopath at the centre

of the Profumo scandal,

died after taking an overdose at a friend's flat

 

AN inquest will be held at Hammersmith on Friday on Dr Stephen Ward, who died in hospital on Saturday after having been in a coma for 80 hours following an overdose of drugs. A post-mortem examination is expected to take place today. Dr Ward was found unconscious at the flat in Chelsea of Mr Noel Howard-Jones on the last day of his trial at the Central Criminal Court. Mr Justice Marshall decided to complete his summing up in his absence. When the jury found him guilty on two charges of living on immoral earnings the judge postponed sentence.

In an unsigned note addressed to Mr Howard-Jones which was found at the flat, Dr Ward said: “Dear Noel, I am sorry I had to do this here! It’s really more than I can stand — the horror day after day at the court and in the streets.” Another extract read: “I do hope I haven’t let people down too much. I tried to do my stuff but after Marshall's summing up I've given up all hope . . . I’m sorry to disappoint the vultures — I only hope this has done the job. Delay resuscitation as long as possible.”

One of Dr Ward’s last actions was to telephone the Home Office official who is helping Lord Denning in his inquiry. A statement from Miss Christine Keeler’s solicitor said that she was very distressed by the news of the death of Dr Ward. “Under these circumstances,” the statement added, “she does not intend to carry out the plans for her to take part in a film based on her life.”

    From The Times Archives > On This Day - August 5, 1963, The Times, 5.8.2005, 
    http://www.newsint-archive.co.uk/pages/main.asp

 

 

 

 

 

On This Day - May 12, 1956

 

From The Times Archive

 

In 1957 the colony Gold Coast became,

as Ghana, the first black African nation

to be granted independence from Britain

 

A FIRM date for granting the Gold Coast independence within the Commonwealth will be given by her Majesty’s Government, if a reasonable majority for such a step is obtained in the local Legislature after a general election. This promise was given in a statement made by the Secretary of State for the Colonies in the House of Commons yesterday.

Mr Lennox-Boyd said the present constitution marked the last stage before the assumption by the Gold Coast of full responsibility for its own affairs.

Since the present constitution was introduced there had arisen a dispute about the form of constitution which the Gold Coast should have when it achieved independence within the Commonwealth. Efforts had been made to bring about a reconciliation between the major parties, but they had so far met with no success.

“I have been in close touch with the Prime Minister of the Gold Coast on these matters,” Mr Lennox-Boyd continued. “I have told Dr Nkrumah that if a general election is held, her Majesty’s Government will be ready to accept a motion calling for independence within the Commonwealth passed by a reasonable majority in a newly elected Legislature, and then to declare a firm date for this purpose.

“Full membership of the Commonwealth is, of course, a different question, and is a matter for consultation between all existing members of the Commonwealth.”

    From The Times Archives > On This Day - May 12, 1956, The Times, 12.5.2005,
    http://www.newsint-archive.co.uk/pages/main.asp

 

 

 

 

 

July 5 1948

 

From The Guardian archive

 

Mr Bevan's bitter attack on Tories

 

July 5 1948
The Guardian

 

"The eyes of the world are turning to Great Britain. We now have the moral leadership of the world, and before many years are over we shall have people coming here as to a modern Mecca, learning from us in the twentieth century as they learned from us in the seventeenth," said Mr Aneurin Bevan, Minister of Health, at a Labour rally in Manchester yesterday.

The meeting was called to celebrate the anniversary of Labour's accession to power. The Labour party, he said, would win the 1950 election because successful Toryism and an intelligent electorate were a contradiction in terms. His own experiences ensured that no amount of cajolery could eradicate from his heart a deep burning hatred of the Tory party. "So far as I am concerned they are lower than vermin," he went on. "They condemned millions of people to semi-starvation. I warn you young men and women, do not listen to what they are saying, do not listen to the seductions of Lord Woolton. They have not changed, or if they have they are slightly worse."

The Government decided the issues in accordance with the best principles, he said: "The weak first; and the strong next." Mr. Churchill preferred a free-for-all, but what was Toryism except organised Spivvery?

As a result of controls, the well-to-do had not been able to build houses, but ordinary men and women were moving into their own homes. Progress could not be made without pain. People who campaigned against controls were conducting an immoral campaign. There was a kind of schizophrenia in the country, so that people reading newspapers and hearing talk in luxury hotels got an entirely different conception of what was happening, which did not square with the statistics. The bodies and spirits of the people were being built up — but the Government's efforts could not be sustained except by the energies and labour of the people. Production must be raised to make the new legislative reforms a living reality.

The Government never promised in 1945 that everybody was going to be better off. It knew some were worse off to-day, but it always intended they should be.

[Bevan's "vermin" remark — one of the most famous jibes in politics — was adroitly turned against the Attlee government by Tory speakers, who pretended it insulted their voters rather than policy makers. However, Bevan merely retorted that men of Celtic fire were needed to bring about great reforms like the new NHS. That was why, he explained, Welshmen were put in charge instead of "the bovine and phlegmatic Anglo-Saxons."]

    From The Guardian archive > July 5 1948 > Mr Bevan's bitter attack on Tories, G,    
    republished 5.7.2007, p. 30,
    http://digital.guardian.co.uk/guardian/2007/07/05/pages/ber30.shtml

 

 

 

 

 

June 21, 1945

 

Labour's 'great moral purpose' in 1945

 

From the Guardian archive

 

Thursday June 21, 1945
Guardian

 

Declaring that the Labour party were in the most deadly earnest in their purpose, Sir Stafford Cripps, in a broadcast last night, appealed to youth to help to drive forward fearlessly into a new and better world.

"We need your enthusiasm and vitality, linked with that of your comrades the world over, if we are to break with the evil ways and outworn traditions of the past.

"During the war all our resources have been put at the disposal of the nation. They had to be or we could never have planned their most efficient use and so win the war.

"Listen to this roll-call of the unemployed and think what it meant in human suffering: 1932, 2,800,000; 1934, 2,200,000; 1936, 1,800,000; 1938, 900,000 - and all that time the Conservatives had a huge majority in Parliament.

"Either they did not try, or they tried their best and failed, which proves their policies useless."

"The only way to defeat poverty and unemployment after the war was by careful planning and control by the government. Between the two wars there were tens of thousands of competing plans each based upon how the greatest profit could made out of a particular manufacture. That was private enterprise which so often tended to keep down output as to keep up prices.

"We want to change these controls - take them out of the anonymous and irresponsible hands of private individuals and place them in the hands of the people's representatives - the Government.

"We can't afford to let private enterprise muddle along in inefficiency or combine into cartels to hold the public up to ransom. Just imagine the absurdity of Messrs Smith and Company's Grenadiers, advertised as the best fed and equipped unit, Messrs Robinson's the most up-to date aircraft carriers the world has ever seen, and expect that sort of thing to win a war.

"That is how it is suggested by the Conservatives that we should conduct the forces with which we must fight all the peace-time evils of our society.

"The industries of our country are a national asset. We must give to the scientist and the technician their proper place in the national service.

"We in the Labour party are in the most deadly earnest. Our nation will never rise supreme unless behind all our acts, and instinct with all our policies, is some great moral purpose. Greed and profit, opportunism and material gain are no foundation".

· In the July 5 election Labour won a 2-1 majority. Cripps, the party's famous high-taxing idealist, became chancellor of the exchequer in 1947.

    From the Guardian archive > June 21, 1945 > Labour's 'great moral purpose' in 1945, G, Republished 21.6.2006, http://www.guardian.co.uk/fromthearchive/story/0,,1802396,00.html

 

 

 

 

 

May 8 1940

 

Lessons of Norway

 

From The Guardian archive

 

May 8 1940
The Guardian

 

[In popular histories of the war, this debate was dominated
by one phrase, "in the name of God go",
which destroyed Neville Chamberlain.
That was not how the Manchester Guardian
or the Times reported the occasion.]

 

As far as the debate has gone it has changed nothing in the Parliamentary situation. That is, superficially.

And yet there was a difference. Today's Prime Minister was not the Chamberlain of a few weeks ago whom one heard telling the Tory Central Council that Hitler had missed the bus. But one can still hear those cheers from the embattled "Yes Men" .

Mr Chamberlain's apologia for the Norwegian failure can be studied elsewhere. Here one turns to his "general observations" which shed a good deal of light on himself and his Government. The lessons are those which the Opposition parties have been trying to teach him for months, so the Labour and Liberal benches rocked with cheers at his discoveries.

One lesson was that we had not realised the imminence of the threat. There the Opposition cheered for a full minute. The Leader of the Opposition [Mr Attlee] saw Norway as only one more failure in the uninterrupted story of Ministerial failures. Yet he was full of confidence about our winning the war, though he said bluntly it would only be done by putting different men at the helm.

Drama touched the debate once, when Admiral Sir Roger Keyes alleged in effect that Trondheim had been lost through faint hearts in Whitehall. He rose in his uniform of an admiral of the fleet, as he explained, because he had come to Westminster to speak for men in the fighting Navy who were very unhappy.

Sir Roger admonished [Mr Churchill] to steel himself for vigorous action, because he possesses the confidence of the War Cabinet, the country and the Navy. He ended by reminding Mr Churchill of Nelson's saying that bold est measures are always the safest. So far this had been quite the most disturbing speech in the debate.

Sir Roger's speech will probably tell for more against the Government than Mr Amery's, which followed, but Mr Amery's speech was a sustained and harsh denunciation of the Government for its timidity and ineffectiveness, full of power, and concluding with the savage application to the Government of Cromwell's words to the Long Parliament: "You have sat too long here for any good you have been doing. Depart, I say. Let us have done with you. In the name of God, go."

Mr Amery's philippic was delivered as usual to half-empty benches on his own side, but there was a goodly muster of the Opposition to hear him.

    From The Guardian archive > May 8 1940 > Lessons of Norway, G,
    republished 8.5.2007, p. 28,
    http://digital.guardian.co.uk/guardian/2007/05/08/pages/ber28.shtml

 

 

 

 

 

June 8 1934

 

Mosley's circus at Olympia

 

From The Guardian archive

 

June 8 1934
The Guardian

 

Sir Oswald Mosley provided close on 10,000 people in Olympia tonight with an entertainment which Mr. Bertram Mills might at once have envied and deplored. For while Mr. Mills must certainly have envied Sir Oswald the number of his audience and the excitement he and his hecklers provided, he must have deplored the violence with which that excitement was obtained.

For what is described in the talk of the gangsters as 'rough-house work' no meeting in these islands within memory can have shown anything like it.

Inside the great hall it was seen that Sir Oswald Mosley had nothing of theatricalism to learn from either Hitler or Mussolini. There was a massed band of Blackshirts, the Union Jack, and the black and yellow flag of the British Union of Fascists. There were arc-lamps, and there was an aisle lined with Blackshirts.

Exactly thirty-five minutes after the meeting was due to begin the band dropped into a Low German march, the arc-lamps swung on the Blackshirted aisle, and Sir Oswald appeared — preceded by six men carrying Union Jacks and the British Blackshirt flag. The march proceeded to the platform while some people — they did not seem to be many — raised their arms in a Fascist salute.

Sir Oswald began his speech. Almost at once a chorus of interrupters began in one of the galleries. Blackshirts began stumbling and leaping over chairs. There was a wild scrummage, women screamed, black-shirted arms rose and fell, blows were dealt.

Sir Oswald stood to attention in the half-darkness, making unintelligible appeals through the amplifiers. For close on two hours the meeting dragged on like that, interruption and ejection. Suddenly, as Sir Oswald was speaking, a voice sounded high up in the girders, 'Down with Fascism!'

There, balanced one hundred and fifty feet above the crowd, a man was seen clambering across the girders. Then from each side Blackshirts appeared treading the same precarious perch. Sir Oswald went on speaking, but all eyes were on the climbers. Suddenly the interrupter clambered up above his pursuers and swung along the girders on to a platform high above them. His pursuers followed.

A sudden crash of glass tore the air. Someone had fallen sixty feet, at a guess, on to a floor. It is not disclosed whether the man was the interrupter or one of his pursuers.

The meeting ended in a mild chaos — not from interrupters but from a general stampede of the audience, who had plainly grown tired of Sir Oswald's two-hour monologue.


Our London Staff

    From The Guardian archive > June 8 1934 > Mosley's circus at Olympia, G,
    republished 8.6.2007, p. 40,
    http://digital.guardian.co.uk/guardian/2007/06/08/pages/ber40.shtml

 

 

 

 

 

On This Day - April 16, 1929

 

From The Times Archive

 

The attempt by Winston Churchill,
then the Chancellor of the Exchequer,
to win over the electorate by reducing some taxes
and promoting Conservative economic competence
failed to secure victory for the Tories
in the 1929 general election.

With the support of the Liberal Party,
a minority Labour government was formed

 

BUDGET day lived up to its reputation in attracting to the House of Commons this afternoon a crowded audience of the public anxious to learn their fate as taxpayers, and of members anxious to take the omens of their fate as politicians.

The essence of Mr Churchill’s statement was a sober review of his record at the Exchequer and a balanced use of the last modest opportunities of the present Government. Without at any time passing the bounds of legitimate challenge, he forced home on the Socialists the magnitude of the economic disaster of 1926 and the immense recovery expressed by the realization of a “solid surplus” in 1928-29. His conclusion was that a lucid interval of two years had permitted a steady advance in prosperity which already outweighed the setback of one catastrophic year.

This general improvement in the conditions of the country the two Oppositions proposed to consolidate by spending money as fast as possible. The Socialists proposed to create “disillusionment in our own time” by raising £65,000,000 in chaos-producing taxation — a sum sufficient to finance about a quarter of their pledges. The Liberals proposed to borrow £200,000,000 in order to make racing tracks for well-to-do motorists. No could accuse them of “cheap ” electioneering. The Conservatives could adduce £7,500,000 saved on the annual cost of armaments, and £5,500,000 saved on the annual cost of the Civil Services.

He firmly believed that the only cure for unemployment was the revival of industry as a whole, and that private finance was the best spur and guide to rationalization. But the State would help. The railway passenger duties would be abolished in return for a guarantee by the railway companies to spend £6,500,000 on transport improvements. The bulk of his prospective surplus would be used to abolish the tea duty.

Mr Churchill insisted on the merit of the Government’s record. It had increased the Sinking Fund, restored the gold standard, checked expenditure, and initiated rating reform. The nation had rounded the corner of its economic difficulties.

    On This Day - April 16, 1929, The Times, 16.4.2005,
    http://www.newsint-archive.co.uk/pages/main.asp

 

 

 

 

 

July 6, 1928

 

Celebrating full suffrage for women

 

From the Guardian archive

 

Friday July 6, 1928
Guardian

 

"This recalls the famous breakfasts we used to have in the old fighting days when the prison gates were opened," said Mr Pethick-Lawrence, one of the speakers at the breakfast held this morning at the Hotel Cecil to celebrate the passing of the Equal Franchise Bill.

Of the 250 people present many could remember with him the breakfast welcomes that used to be given to the militant women released from Holloway Gaol. Dame Millicent Fawcett had on an early occasion, strongly as she disapproved of militant methods, consented generously to preside at one of the prisoner breakfasts. But many others, ex-prisoners or colleagues, who would have liked to join the celebration were unable to do so. They belong now to the great new army of business women and had to be in their office, which shows with wider freedom comes new restraint.

The great stars of the occasion were those two wonderful women Mrs Despard, founder of the Women's Freedom League, and Dame Millicent Fawcett, leader of the National Union of Suffrage Societies.

Great sympathy was felt with Mr Baldwin [prime minister], Sir William Joynson-Hicks, and more especially with Lady Astor, who had been unable to come, and it was felt that the Labour party had every cause to be proud because their leader, Mr Ramsay MacDonald, did come, and was able to say that his party had from the beginning supported the claim of women to equal civil rights.

Mrs Pethick-Lawrence referred with gratitude to the pioneers, and in touching words named specially four of those who had not lived to see the victory: Mrs Pankhurst, Miss Emily Davidson, Lady Constance Lytton, and Mrs Cobden Sanderson.

"We have our differences but have never had any difference as to women's franchise," said Mr Ramsay MacDonald, expressing the congratulations of the Labour party. "I want to say that as far as the great body of people in this country was concerned, the victory was won before a single shot was fired in the European War."

Lady Rhondda, who was to thank "the men who have helped us", said the men deserved more credit, for the women had had the prick of discomfort to spur them on.

Mrs Despard [recalled] the little meeting in a small room at which the Women's Freedom League was formed twenty-one years ago, expressing her delight that so many comrades from other societies were present, and assuring her friends that women continuing to work together in unity would accomplish great things in the future.

    From the Guardian archive > July 6, 1928 > Celebrating full suffrage for women, G,
    Republished 6.7.2006,
    http://www.guardian.co.uk/fromthearchive/story/0,,1813566,00.html

 

 

 

 

 

March 7 1924

 

'Sloppy sentiment' on the illegitimate

 

From the Guardian archive

 

March 7 1924
The Guardian

 

The House of Lords yesterday went into Committee on Lord Buckmaster's Legitimacy Bill. The Archbishop of Canterbury moved an amendment providing that nothing in the Act shall operate to legitimate a person whose father or mother was married to a third person when the illegitimate person was born. He said this proviso was in the bill they passed last year, and its adoption would assimilate the law of England and Scotland.

The Duke of Atholl supported the amendment, believing that, without it, the bill would stand no chance of becoming law. As drafted, the bill would encourage free love and polygamy. It was sloppy sentimentalism run wild. It might even lead to crime.

The Lord Chancellor said the Government had nothing to say as a Government. In this matter he spoke as a private member. The noble lords overlooked the fact that the whole object of the bill was to remove the stigma from illegitimate children.

Lord Parmoor strongly supported the amendment, and repudiated the Duke of Atholl's insinuation that the Labour party had not as good a moral standard as any other party.

He added that he would be away in Geneva next week and therefore he would not be able to oppose Lord Buckmaster's Divorce Bill. Viscount Finlay urged Lord Buckmaster to accept the amendment.

Lord Buckmaster said he had been accused of introducing a bill which was an incitement to murder and suicide, free love and polygamy, and other devastating consequences. The bill was designed to do justice to children born out of wedlock and the amendment would shut out a certain class from that benefit.

It had been backed up by inflammatory and denunciating arguments and fantastical hypotheses which almost bewildered him. He asked the House to reject the amendment.

The House divided, and the amendment was carried by 54 to 18. A new clause, proposed by Lord Buckmaster, making an illegitimate child next of kin in law to its mother if she died intestate was agreed to.

The bill passed Committee as amended. The Administration of Justice Bill and the Treaty of Peace (Turkey) Bill passed the third reading.

The Diseases of Animals Bill passed Committee and was read a third time.

 

[The successful clause of the Liberal peer Lord Buckmaster's bill

legitimised children whose parents subsequently married.

As late as 1959 peers again voted down a Commons bill

legitimising children of adulterous unions.

Advised to avoid a fight with MPS,

they later passed the measure.]

    From the Guardian archive > March 7 1924 > 'Sloppy sentiment' on the illegitimate, G,
    Republished 7.3.2007, p. 38,
    http://digital.guardian.co.uk/guardian/2007/03/07/pages/ber38.shtml

 

 

 

 

 

November 10, 1910

 

Tonypandy's day of fear ends in peace

 

From the Guardian archive

 

Thursday November 10, 1910
Guardian

 

Tonypandy, Wednesday. The town was awake all night. Excitement and fear kept many out of bed, and only the dawn scattered the prevailing alarm.

All night long men were boarding up the shattered shop fronts and carts were going round for the sweepings of plate glass that littered the main street for three quarters of a mile.

Now and again there was the heavy tramp of large bodies of police going or returning from the Glamorgan pit at Llwynypia, but nothing occurred to remove or increase the anxious suspense. Today is also full of fear.

The few shops that escaped damage yesterday are being barricaded today, and the night is awaited with dread. Soldiers have arrived. A squadron of the 18th Hussars reached Pontypridd early this morning, and after a rest a troop came here by road, a distance of seven miles, while the other troop went to Aberdare... The troop here rode through the town about one o'clock to their quarters at the New Colliery offices. The Metropolitan Mounted Constabulary have also arrived.

Superficially there is nothing but curiosity in the minds of the slow-moving crowds that are in the streets, but the same could have been said yesterday, and those who know the temper of the Rhondda miners predict more trouble. Let us hope the prophets of evil are wrong.

Ten o'clock. Tonypandy tonight and Tonypandy last night are not like the same town. Even within the past two hours there has been a great change. There is not even a crowd about except in the square. At first the disappearance of the strikers caused misgiving. It seemed as if they had acted on a common understanding, and the fear was that they might be congregating elsewhere.

I have walked to Llwynypia and as far as the grounds of Mr. Llewellyn's [the colliery general manager] house. There are only curious sightseers about. The colliery is brightly lighted, and the loud hum of the machinery in the power-house shows that it is running at full speed. The police are stamping up and down to keep themselves warm. Mr. Llewellyn's house looks as secure as Buckingham Palace. No doubt there are many police guarding it, but they are all hidden by the darkness, and it has not been thought necessary to secure the gates.

· Many trade unionists believed for decades that troops sent by Winston Churchill, as home secretary, fired on locked-out miners during this dispute. This report indicates troops only arrived the day after the savage disturbances, though the decision to send them was known earlier.

    From the Guardian archive > November 10, 1910 >
    Tonypandy's day of fear ends in peace, G, Republished 10.11.2006,
    http://www.guardian.co.uk/fromthearchive/story/0,,1944387,00.html

 

 

 

 

 

September 28, 1909

 

The Lords and Tories fear a land tax

 

From the Guardian archive

 

Tuesday September 28, 1909
Guardian

 

That the Lords will reject the Budget - or postpone it, which is the same thing - till after a general election, the spokesmen of the Opposition seem now agreed.

No one with eyes and a memory really doubts why they will; what they dislike, as they started by showing quite simply, are the land taxes.

It was only when the land taxes were found unexpectedly very popular that this attitude had to be abandoned.

All sorts of refinements were resorted to in order that the land-owning peers who condemned the Budget because it touched their pockets might be saved. Since then we have a series of alternative cries.

Lord Rosebury disclosed the appalling spectre of commercial insecurity, happily not visible on the markets; and then Mr. Balfour lit a still brighter lantern inside a larger turnip and labelled it Socialism.

The drawback to all these devices has been that they have not really touched the obnoxious land taxes. When they are described as Socialism, the description, if not dismissed at once, tends rather to make people think less ill of Socialism.

Some other direct weapon had to be found. The latest and most logical was that which Mr. Balfour tried to wield last night - the plea that they were not levied solely for the benefit of the local authorities.

Now no one who puts to the landowner who receives unearned increment Mr. Churchill's question, "How did you get it?" can fail to see that the local authorities, by expenditure out of the rates, have helped confer the increment.

The Chancellor of the Exchequer [Lloyd George] sees that, and he proposes to hand half the yield of the taxes over to them. But when Mr. Balfour and Mr. [FE] Smith condemn him for not letting them have the whole, they expose themselves to two crushing replies. Their whole criticism is based on the asking of that very question "How did you get it?" which every spokesman of the landowners has told us it is so wicked to ask.

Where a public authority has helped to create a great value, it is justified in taking a reasonable toll of the value. This is what, in defence of the land taxes, we have urged all along; and if when urged on behalf of the municipality it is, in Mr. Balfour's words, "a simple principle" and one which he "appreciates", how when urged on behalf of the State does it become "Socialism" and robbery and spoliation, and, in fine, the beginning of the end?

 

[Lloyd George's budget proposed a tax on sales of land.

It had to be dropped because of opposition.]

    From the archive > September 28, 1909 >
    The Lords and Tories fear a land tax,
    G, Republished 28.9.2006,
    http://www.guardian.co.uk/fromthearchive/story/0,,1882502,00.html

 

 

 

 

 

July 25, 1889

 

Mr Gladstone's

untiringly youthful mind

 

From the Guardian archive

 

Thursday July 25, 1889
Guardian

 

We all know what we owe to Mr. Gladstone, or some of us at least know, but perhaps no one but Mr. Gladstone himself knows what we owe to his wife.

We shall best express our sense of what we owe to the lady who completes her fiftieth year of married life today by declining to regard her as apart from her husband, and rather uniting them in our thought as they have been united in purpose, in labour, and in sympathy.

And what a fifty years it has been! In the marriage register Mr. Gladstone is described as member of Parliament for Newark, where he had sat for half-a-dozen years as the friend of Sir Robert Peel and the nominee of the Duke of Newcastle.

Already he had held office as an Under-Secretary of State, and men pointed to him as destined to do great things and as the rising hope of the Tory party. One half of that forecast has been fulfilled in ample measure, but the other has been strangely falsified.

Nothing is more wonderful than the unceasing growth and expansion of Mr. Gladstone's mind. Lord Palmerston lived to a greater age than Mr. Gladstone has just attained and held power to the last, but long before then he had reached the limits of his political tether, and the world waited to move on till he should have passed away.

But to Mr. Gladstone it would seem to have been given to carry forward to the limits of his age the privilege of youth - its elasticity, its hopefulness, its readiness to embark on new and great undertakings. Had Mr. Gladstone retired from political life even ten years ago he would already have accomplished more things and greater than any other statesman of the century.

To have borne a great part in the battle of Free Trade, to have reformed the tariff, to have compelled the enfranchisement of the householders in the boroughs and to have carried their enfranchisement in the counties, to have given protection to the voter by ballot, to have laid broad and deep the foundations of a system of national education, this surely would have been praise enough and labour enough for any single man.

Yet to all this Mr. Gladstone has added the greatest by far of the tasks of his life - the reconstruction of the political relations of Ireland to the remainder of the United Kingdom. Of all living men he is best able to carry it to a happy and a fruitful issue.

 

· Attributed to GWE Russell.

Gladstone, 80 at this time,

still had his fourth spell as Liberal prime minister before him.

    From the Guardian archive > July 25, 1889 > Mr Gladstone's untiringly youthful mind,

    G, Republished 25.7.2006,

    http://www.guardian.co.uk/fromthearchive/story/0,,1828118,00.html

 

 

 

 

 

July 6 1850

 

The death of a remarkable prime minister

 

From The Guardian archive

 

July 6 1850
The Guardian

 

Our latest intelligence on Wednesday contained the melancholy announcement, received by electric telegraph, of the decease of Sir Robert Peel of the injuries received by the fall from his horse on Saturday.

[The ex-prime minister] had called at Buckingham Palace. Proceeding up Constitution Hill, he had arrived nearly opposite the wicket gate leading into the Green Park, when he met Miss Ellis, one of Lady Dover's daughters. Sir Robert had scarcely exchanged salutes with this young lady, when his horse, becoming restive, swerved towards the rails of Green Park, and threw Sir Robert sideways on his left shoulder.

Sir Robert, on being raised, groaned very heavily, and [asked] whether he was much hurt, replied, "Yes, very much."

From A Special Correspondent: From 1841 to 1846 I heard every speech he delivered and [have read] every speech he ever delivered. He is open to the reproach of having been a dextrous party leader, often leading people who trusted him astray as to his real objects.

But, apart from this, his public life of forty years is associated with some of the most remarkable of the measures which have changed the very character of the government; the remodelling of the currency, the improvement of the executive in Ireland, the amelioration of the criminal law, catholic emancipation, and commercial freedom, are the monuments of his public career.

[As a young MP] Peel was in the prime of manhood, and the champion of the protestant interest. It would have been absurd to expect an early abandonment of his position.

But any one who will take the time to read his speeches during several years prior to catholic emancipation will detect the gradual conquest of his intellect over his prejudices.

Any observer, during the period between 1841 and 1846, could discern that the intellect of Sir Robert Peel was capitulating to the arguments of the economists and that the repeal of the corn laws was merely a question of time.

Had [the Irish potato] famine been followed by the European revolutions of 1848, with the corn-law unrepealed, the Anti-corn-law League in full operation and the middle classes exasperated to the last pitch of endurance, the whole fabric of English society would have been shaken to its very foundations.

From that tremendous peril did Sir Robert Peel save us; and he accomplished it at the sacrifice of his power, his reputation and even his health.

    From The Guardian archive > July 6 1850 >
    The death of a remarkable prime minister, G, republished 6.7.2007, p. 36,
    http://digital.guardian.co.uk/guardian/2007/07/06/pages/ber36.shtml

 

 

 

 

 

August 2, 1848

 

The Irish uprising that never was

 

From the Guardian archive

 

Wednesday August 2, 1848
Guardian

 

[This was the reality behind Manchester's official panic about a supposed insurrection in Ireland, as reported in Saturday's archive extract.]

Although we never expected any very serious consequences from the treasonable conspiracy in which so large a number of Irishmen were known to be engaged, and the existence of which they took care to proclaim to all the world, we scarcely expected so ridiculous a burlesque of an insurrection as that which Mr. Smith O'Brien and his friends have been acting in Tipperary.

These amazingly foolish people appear to have paraded themselves through great part of the counties of Waterford, Tipperary, and Kilkenny, sporting green and gold uniforms of unquestionable brilliancy - the possession of which they seem to have considered sufficient guarantees of their strategic and military skill.

The people of the south of Ireland, however, were a little wiser than Mr. O'Brien. They do not appear to have thought that a few green uniforms constituted a sufficient nucleus for an insurrectionary army.

They wanted to see that formidable force which was alleged to have been organised in Dublin, but which was by no means forthcoming.

No doubt the rebel leaders were, to a great extent, the victims of their own mis-statements as to the extent of the organisation. The repealers of Dublin, who saw clearly enough the dangers which they would have to encounter in case of an outbreak in that city, were very willing to believe that the first move would be made by the people of the south.

They had been taught that nothing was easier than to overthrow British power in Ireland - that almost at the first shout the Lord Lieutenant and his court would be but too happy to make their escape.

The Dublin men saw, however, that their share of the achievement was not quite so easy.There were rather too many troops and police and too much vigilance.

It was much easier to rely upon the people of Waterford and Tipperary. The Dublin leaders on the first appearance of danger betook themselves to the south; never doubting but they should find an army on foot to receive them.

But it happened that the "boys" of Tipperary and Waterford had been doing just what had been done in Dublin. They had relied upon the great army from some other quarter; from Dublin, or Cork or the United States.

When [the leaders from Dublin] made their appearance, with no other military appliances than four uniforms, and urged them to rise in insurrection, they naturally demurred.

    From the Guardian archive > August 2, 1848 > The Irish uprising that never was, G,
    Republished 2.8.2006,
    http://www.guardian.co.uk/fromthearchive/story/0,,1835357,00.html

 

 

 

 

 

April 12 1834

 

A prayer for the Dorchester convicts

 

From The Guardian archive

 

 April 12 1834
The Guardian

 

On Monday last, a meeting of unionists and others, convened by placard as "the working classes", was held at Mr Scholfield's chapel, Every Street, Ancoats, to petition parliament for remission of the sentence of transportation passed upon the six men [known as "the Tolpuddle martyrs"] convicted of administering secret and illegal oaths at Dorchester.

The chapel being found too small to hold the crowd of idle people, an adjournment took place to the chapel yard, 1,400 or 1,500 persons being present. The chair was taken by a young man named Grant, who it is said was formerly a cotton spinner.

The meeting was addressed by a delegate from some union in Edinburgh, a delegate from "the consolidated trades unions of London", and others, who spoke in violent language of the partiality and injustice with which they said the law against secret oaths was administered. The Duke of Sussex [was] suffered to preside over a lodge of freemasons, and the late Duke of York over the orange lodges, in both of which secret oaths were taken.

Petrie, the London delegate, said government dared as soon send the men abroad as they dared cut their own throats. It was merely an experiment on the submission of the people. They had drawn the sword against two millions of men who were pledged to effect their own emancipation and to obtain a proper return for their industry. He would not advise any appeal to force, but recommend the labouring classes to rest upon their oars, and declare that they would cease producing until "the thing" rotted away.

The following petition was adopted: The petition of the undersigned labourers, and others, humbly represents that these poor men have been entrapped by a law grown obsolete in the memory of the nation, until the revival of it by a sentence of unusual and undeserved severity; and as there are other associations which meet and administer oaths unlawfully, one of which is presided over by a prince of the blood royal, your petitioners fear that the law may fall into contempt from its seeming partiality and cruelty.

They therefore pray that your honourable house will use its influence with the executive government for a remission of the sentences, pass an act rendering the law upon this question more equal and impartial.

It was resolved that the petition after lying a few days for signatures should be sent up to Mr John Fielden for presentation, and that Mr Cobbett, Mr Hume, Mr Ewart and other members should be requested to support its prayer. A collection was made for the support of the convicts.

From The Guardian archive > April 12 1834 >
A prayer for the Dorchester convicts,
G, 12.4.2007, p. 32,
http://digital.guardian.co.uk/guardian/2007/04/12/pages/ber32.shtml

 

 

 

 

 

On This Day: March 23, 1802

 

From The Times Archive

 

Until the mid-19th century,
general elections were notorious
for the bribes, or treats,
offered by candidates to electors.
Lord Belgrave’s Bill
was one of many attempts to stop
such corrupt practices



LORD BELGRAVE rose to move leave to bring in a Bill to repeal much of the Act of the seventh of William the Third, as related to disabling persons from sitting in that House who should offend against the said Act; and to make more effectual provisions in lieu of the same.

To the principles of this Bill he did not suppose there could be any objection; it was evidently intended to prevent the riot and excess which too generally prevailed at Elections; to preserve the health and morals of the people; and was calculated to secure the freedom and purity of popular Elections.

He had at first intended to propose the repeal of this Act altogether, but from further consideration, it appeared that the former part of it was unexceptional, but that the latter was not sufficiently explicit or effective to answer the purpose — it was found to have produced many contradictory opinions in the Election Committees of that House.

The necessity for such a measure must be acknowledged by every person who recollected the disgraceful scenes that had occurred during the last Election, particularly in the Borough of Southwark. He felt much pleased in reflecting on the assistance the Treating Act derived from some late decisions in the Courts of Law, where it was determined that the value of articles furnished for Election purposes, contrary to the spirit of this Act, was not recoverable by law. This would serve, no doubt, to check the publican’s readiness to give credit, and perhaps, in consequence, to restrain the candidates’ disposition to extravagance.

On This Day: March 23, 1802,
Times, 23.3.2005,
http://www.newsint-archive.co.uk/pages/main.asp

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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