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Vocapedia > USA > Politics > White House > President

 

Barack Obama > Obama's years / legacy

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NPR's Interview With President Obama About 'Obama's Years'        NPR        1 July 2016

 

 

 

 

NPR's Interview With President Obama About 'Obama's Years'        Video        NPR        1 July 2016

 

President Obama speaks with Morning Edition’s Steve Inskeep

about how Americans have fared since he took office in 2008.

 

He also discusses the tradition

of xenophobia in American political culture,

the Trump campaign,

and parallels between the Brexit vote

and the upcoming U.S. election.

 

YouTube

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jkfiF_tugU0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Obama sits in a limo en route to the White House,

one year into his presidency,

after an education event in Fairfax, Virginia.

 

19 January 2010

Washington DC.

 

Intimate portraits of Barack and Michelle Obama – in pictures

Photographer Callie Shell

documented the Obamas at home in Chicago,

on the campaign trail and in the White House.

Her new book shares candid images

from the 10 years she spent photographing the family.

Hope, Never Fear is published by Chronicle Books

G

Tue 3 Sep 2019    09.59 BST

https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/gallery/2019/sep/03/
intimate-portraits-of-barack-and-michelle-obama-in-pictures

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

30 August 2008

Boardman, Ohio.

The Obamas share breakfast

with Barack’s running mate, Joe Biden,

and his wife, Jill, while on a bus tour of the state.

 

Intimate portraits of Barack and Michelle Obama – in pictures

Photographer Callie Shell

documented the Obamas at home in Chicago,

on the campaign trail and in the White House.

Her new book shares candid images

from the 10 years she spent photographing the family.

Hope, Never Fear is published by Chronicle Books

G

Tue 3 Sep 2019    09.59 BST

https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/gallery/2019/sep/03/
intimate-portraits-of-barack-and-michelle-obama-in-pictures

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Barack Obama        UK

 

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/barack-obama

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Barack Obama > Obama's years        UK / USA

 

https://www.theguardian.com/books/2020/nov/22/
a-promised-land-by-barack-obama-review-behind-the-power-and-the-pomp

 

https://www.npr.org/2020/11/16/
934584373/transcript-nprs-full-interview-with-former-president-barack-obama

 

https://www.npr.org/2020/11/16/
935140858/excerpts-from-a-promised-land-listen-to-former-president-obama-tell-his-story

 

https://www.npr.org/2020/11/12/
933894064/former-president-obama-tells-his-story-his-way-and-makes-his-case-for-history

 

 

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/books/ng-interactive/2018/aug/18/
barack-obama-reveals-how-letters-from-the-american-people-shaped-his-presidency-interview

 

https://www.theguardian.com/books/gallery/2018/aug/18/
obamas-letters-to-fellow-americans-in-pictures

 

 

 

 

https://www.npr.org/2017/11/07/
562341917/photographer-pete-souza-reflects-on-8-years-and-1-9-million-photos-of-obama

 

http://www.npr.org/2017/10/09/
556571413/collection-puts-a-playful-pulpy-twist-on-preposterous-stories-about-obama

 

http://www.npr.org/2017/08/18/
544523278/fathers-of-our-country-how-u-s-presidents-exercised-moral-leadership-in-crisis

 

http://www.gocomics.com/brian-mcfadden/2017/01/09

 

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2017/01/17/us/
politics/obama-legacy-changed-man.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/16/
books/obamas-secret-to-surviving-the-white-house-years-books.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/16/
opinion/mr-obama-pick-up-your-pardon-pen.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/14/us/
politics/obama-presidency-race.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/14/us/
politics/kids-legacy-obama.html

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/ed/2017/01/13/
500421608/obamas-impact-on-americas-schools

 

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/video/2017/jan/11/
obama-was-inadequate-but-america-will-miss-him-video

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/11/us/
obama-farewell-address-president.html

 

http://www.npr.org/2017/01/10/
509164679/from-the-start-obama-struggled-with-fallout-from-a-kind-of-fake-news

 

http://www.npr.org/2017/01/10/
509137106/watch-live-obama-addresses-the-nation-in-farewell-speech

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/09/us/
politics/chicago-south-side-obama-farewell.html

 

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/gallery/2017/jan/04/
barack-obama-presidency-best-pictures

 

http://www.npr.org/2017/01/07/
508600239/what-kind-of-jobs-president-has-obama-been-in-8-charts

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/06/
opinion/erasing-obama.html

 

http://www.npr.org/2017/01/05/
507927467/obamas-legacy-his-army-of-campaign-volunteers-continues-to-serve

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/02/us/
politics/obama-health-care-affordable-care-act.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/02/
opinion/barack-obama-and-me.html

 

 

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/dec/17/
obama-presidency-defined-failure-face-down-assad-syria

http://www.gocomics.com/michaelramirez/2016/09/28

http://www.npr.org/2016/09/20/
494625983/patient-diplomacy-and-a-reluctance-to-act-obamas-mark-on-foreign-policy

http://www.gocomics.com/nickanderson/2016/09/16

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/09/08/us/
politics/obama-climate-change.html

http://www.gocomics.com/michaelramirez/2016/09/07

https://www.nytimes.com/2016/08/14/us/
politics/obama-era-legacy-regulation.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/08/08/
opinion/a-nuclear-legacy-within-reach.html

http://www.gocomics.com/lisabenson/2016/08/05

http://www.gocomics.com/glennmccoy/2016/08/05

http://www.gocomics.com/danasummers/2016/08/03

http://www.npr.org/2016/07/08/
485278789/listen-obamas-history-of-frustration-after-fatal-police-shootings

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/07/07/
485164505/watch-obama-says-of-police-shootings-change-has-been-too-slow

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/07/06/
484940999/obama-slows-afghan-withdrawal-again-keeping-8-400-troops-through-his-term

http://www.npr.org/2016/07/06/
484979294/chart-how-the-u-s-troop-levels-in-afghanistan-have-changed-under-obama

http://www.npr.org/sections/parallels/2016/07/06/
483839687/afghanistan-a-tragic-return-to-a-war-with-no-end

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/07/06/
opinion/can-obama-pardon-millions-of-immigrants.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/07/02/
opinion/obama-as-the-first-black-president.html

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jkfiF_tugU0 - 1 July 2016

http://www.npr.org/2016/07/01/
482943749/the-obama-years-views-on-a-presidency-across-america

http://www.npr.org/2016/07/01/
483273808/nprs-interview-with-president-obama-about-obamas-years

http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2016/06/28/
483873682/president-obama-defends-his-record-on-race

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/06/26/
opinion/sunday/barack-obama-the-president-of-black-america.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/07/03/us/
politics/obama-after-dark-the-precious-hours-alone.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/06/26/
opinion/sunday/barack-obama-the-president-of-black-america.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/02/19/
opinion/charles-blow-the-obama-years.html

 

 

 

 

Obama era

http://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/01/world/asia/obama-afghanistan-war.html

 

 

 

 

Obama > moniker > “deporter in chief”

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/07/06/
opinion/can-obama-pardon-millions-of-immigrants.html

 

 

 

 

Obama as the First Black President

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/07/02/
opinion/obama-as-the-first-black-president.html

 

 

 

 

cartoons > Cagle > Best of Obama        2013

http://www.cagle.com/news/best-of-obama/

 

 

 

 

cartoons > Cagle > Barack Obama's first 100 days        April 2009

http://www.cagle.msnbc.com/news/Obama100Days/main.asp

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jeff Parker

cartoon

Florida Today

Cagle

22 January 2009

 

U.S. President Barack H. Obama

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

David Horsey

cartoon

The Seattle Post-Intelligencer

Washington

Cagle

21 January 2009

 

President Barack H. Obama

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bloggingheads: Obama's Moral Impact

 

Father William Franklin, left,

of the American Academy in Rome

and Glenn Loury of Brown University

discuss the moral significance of Barack Obama's presidency.

20 January 2009 (?)

http://video.nytimes.com/video/2009/01/19/opinion/
1231545697253/bloggingheads-obama-s-moral-impact.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

presidency

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/02/07/
books/review/the-black-presidency-barack-obama-
and-the-politics-of-race-in-america-by-michael-eric-dyson.html

 

 

 

 

USA > President        UK

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/gallery/2009/jan/25/
barack-obama-white-house-pictures?picture=342286388

 

 

 

 

the president's legacy / Obama's legacy

http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2017/01/20/
510676874/obamas-racial-legacy-some-last-words-on-the-first-black-president

http://www.npr.org/sections/ed/2017/01/13/
500421608/obamas-impact-on-americas-schools

http://www.npr.org/2017/01/10/
509219360/obama-heads-home-to-chicago-to-bid-presidency-farewell

http://www.npr.org/2017/01/10/
509137106/watch-live-obama-addresses-the-nation-in-farewell-speech

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/dec/17/
obama-presidency-defined-failure-face-down-assad-syria

https://www.theguardian.com/books/2016/dec/10/
obamas-legacy-lorrie-moore-richard-ford-marilynne-robinson-and-more

http://www.gocomics.com/nickanderson/2016/12/04

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/11/25/
science/donald-trump-obama-climate.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/11/20/
opinion/sunday/the-wreckage-of-obamas-legacy.html

http://www.npr.org/2016/09/20/
494625983/patient-diplomacy-and-a-reluctance-to-act-obamas-mark-on-foreign-policy

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/05/15/us/
politics/obama-as-wartime-president-has-wrestled-with-protecting-nation-and-troops.html

 

 

 

 

the president's legacy / Obama's legacy        UK

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/series/the-obama-legacy

 

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2017/jan/17/
obama-legacy-black-masculinity-white-america

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2017/jan/08/
barack-obama-legacy-donald-trump-healthcare-climate-change

 

https://www.theguardian.com/books/2016/dec/10/
obamas-legacy-lorrie-moore-richard-ford-marilynne-robinson-and-more

 

 

 

 

President Obama's education legacy

http://www.npr.org/sections/ed/2017/01/13/
500421608/obamas-impact-on-americas-schools

 

 

 

 

Obama's racial legacy

http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2017/01/20/
510676874/obamas-racial-legacy-some-last-words-on-the-first-black-president

 

 

 

 

economic legacy

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/05/01/
magazine/president-obama-weighs-his-economic-legacy.html

 

 

 

 

the president's record

http://www.npr.org/2016/01/12/
462857025/gov-nikki-haleys-republican-address-to-the-nation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

President Obama Speaks on the Affordable Care Act        The White House        20 October 2016

 

 

 

 

President Obama Speaks on the Affordable Care Act        Video        The White House        20 October 2016

YouTube

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F34Vlqtv0lQ

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Affordable Care Act / Obamacare

 

https://www.nytimes.com/topic/subject/health-care-reform

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/14/
opinion/sunday/without-obamacare-i-will-get-sicker-faster-until-i-die.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/08/19/
opinion/obamacare-hits-a-bump.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/05/15/
sunday-review/sorry-we-dont-take-obamacare.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/05/07/
upshot/get-ready-for-higher-obamacare-rates-next-year.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/04/21/
upshot/obamacare-seems-to-be-reducing-peoples-medical-debt.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/04/18/
health/immigrants-the-poor-and-minorities-gain-sharply-under-health-act.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/04/05/
business/employers-keep-health-insurance-despite-affordable-care-act.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/04/14/
upshot/news-about-obamacare-has-been-bad-lately-how-bad.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/02/05/
opinion/who-hates-obamacare.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/12/20/
opinion/sunday/the-fate-of-obamacare.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Obama > Gun violence

 

http://www.npr.org/2016/07/08/
485278789/listen-obamas-history-of-frustration-after-fatal-police-shootings

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/07/08/us/
philando-castile-falcon-heights-shooting.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/02/08/us/
politics/obamas-lofty-plans-on-gun-violence-amount-to-little-action.html

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/07/07/
485164505/watch-obama-says-of-police-shootings-change-has-been-too-slow

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/01/06/us/
politics/obama-gun-control-executive-action.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

commander in chief

http://www.nytimes.com/2009/05/23/us/
politics/23obama.html

 

 

 

 

chief executive

http://www.nytimes.com/2009/01/20/
opinion/20tue1.html

 

 

 

 

sitting president

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/05/11/us/
politics/obama-hiroshima-visit.html

 

http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/04/04/
us-usa-election-obama-analysis-idUSTRE7330NY20110404

 

 

 

 

president-elect        UK

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2008/dec/18/
obama-time-person-of-year 

 

 

 

 

USA > Timeline: The presidents of the United States        UK

All the US leaders from 1789 to 2008

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/interactive/2009/jan/14/
uselections2008-obama-white-house

 

 

 

 

executive powers

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/06/01/us/
politics/obama-sets-the-stage-for-curbing-emissions.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/04/23/us/
politics/shift-on-executive-powers-let-obama-bypass-congress.html

 

 

 

 

war powers authority

http://www.npr.org/2015/04/07/
398065156/debate-has-the-president-exceeded-his-war-powers-authority

 

 

 

 

Barack Obama's presidency, three years on        UK        2012

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/jan/19/
barack-obama-president-hope-michelle

 

 

 

 

Obamaism

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/09/20/
opinion/brooks-obama-rejects-obamaism.html

 

 

 

 

President Obama’s Address on Iraq        31 August 2010

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/09/01/
world/01military.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/09/01/
world/01obama-text.html

 

 

 

 

Obama's Address

on the New Strategy in Afghanistan and Pakistan        December 2009

 

Interactive video and transcript

of President Obama’s speech

at the United States Military Academy

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2009/12/02/world/middleeast/
20091202-obama-policy.html#

 

 

 

 

Barack Obama wins the Nobel peace prize        2009

http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/10/
world/10nobel.html

http://www.usatoday.com/news/world/2009-10-09-
obama-nobel-peace-prize_N.htm

http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/10/
world/10nobel.html

 

 

 

 

Boston Globe > Big Picture > President Obama's first 167 days        2009

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2009/07/
president_obamas_first_167_day.html

 

 

 

 

Obama's mother - Ann Dunham        UK        1942-1995

http://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/news/
the-untold-story-of-obamas-mother-1787979.html

 

 

 

 

Obama's People by Nadav Kander        UK        2009

 

Just before Barack Obama's

administration took office,

photographer Nadav Kander

was invited to take portraits

of the key members of his team.

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/gallery/2009/aug/30/
barack-obama-photography

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

term

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/05/15/us/
politics/obama-as-wartime-president-has-wrestled-with-protecting-nation-and-troops.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/09/06/us/
politics/clinton-delivers-stirring-plea-for-obama-second-term.html

 

 

 

 

second / new term

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/01/23/us/
politics/obama-speech-leaves-gop-stark-choices.html

http://fivethirtyeight.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/01/19/
for-second-term-presidents-a-shorter-honeymoon/

 

 

 

 

cartoons > cagle > Obama second term        2013

http://www.cagle.com/news/obama-second-term/

 

 

 

 

before his political career,

Obama was a community organizer in Chicago,

the first black president of the Harvard Law Review

and the state director of Illinois Project Vote.

http://www.npr.org/2017/01/10/
509116533/listen-before-obama-was-president-in-his-own-words-on-npr

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Michelle Obama

 

http://www.npr.org/2017/01/06/
508546111/michelle-obamas-emotional-farewell-the-power-of-hope-has-allowed-us-to-rise

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Corpus of news articles

 

USA > Politics > White House > President

 

Barack Obama > Obama's years / legacy

 


 

Obama Issues Directive

to Shut Down Guantánamo

 

January 22, 2009

The New York Times

By MARK MAZZETTI

and WILLIAM GLABERSON

 

WASHINGTON — President Obama signed executive orders Thursday directing the Central Intelligence Agency to shut what remains of its network of secret prisons and ordering the closing of the Guantánamo detention camp within a year, government officials said.

The orders, which are the first steps in undoing detention policies of former President George W. Bush, rewrite American rules for the detention of terrorism suspects. They require an immediate review of the 245 detainees still held at the naval base in Guantánamo Bay, Cuba, to determine if they should be transferred, released or prosecuted.

And the orders bring to an end a Central Intelligence Agency program that kept terrorism suspects in secret custody for months or years, a practice that has brought fierce criticism from foreign governments and human rights activists. They will also prohibit the C.I.A. from using coercive interrogation methods, requiring the agency to follow the same rules used by the military in interrogating terrorism suspects, government officials said.

But the orders leave unresolved complex questions surrounding the closing of the Guantánamo prison, including whether, where and how many of the detainees are to be prosecuted. They could also allow Mr. Obama to reinstate the C.I.A.’s detention and interrogation operations in the future, by presidential order, as some have argued would be appropriate if Osama bin Laden or another top-level leader of Al Qaeda were captured.

The new White House counsel, Gregory B. Craig, briefed lawmakers about some elements of the orders on Wednesday evening. A Congressional official who attended the session said Mr. Craig acknowledged concerns from intelligence officials that new restrictions on C.I.A. methods might be unwise and indicated that the White House might be open to allowing the use of methods other than the 19 techniques allowed for the military.

Details of the directive involving the C.I.A. were described by government officials who insisted on anonymity so they could not be blamed for pre-empting a White House announcement. Copies of the draft order on Guantánamo were provided by people who have consulted with Mr. Obama’s transition team and requested anonymity for the same reason.

In remarks prepared for delivery at his confirmation hearings to become director of national intelligence in the Obama administration, Dennis C. Blair, a retired admiral with a long background in intelligence, endorsed the new approach and promised to enforce it rigorously. “It is not enough to set a standard and announce it,” he said.

“I believe strongly that torture is not moral, legal or effective,” he told the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence. “Any program of detention and interrogation must comply with the Geneva Conventions, the Conventions on Torture, and the Constitution. There must be clear standards for humane treatment that apply to all agencies of U.S. Government, including the Intelligence Community,” his written statement said.

As for closing Guantanamo, he said that would take time but must be done because it has become “a damaging symbol to the world.”

“It is a rallyingcry for terrorist recruitment and harmful to our national security, so closing it is important for our national security,” Admiral Blair’s statement said.

“The guiding principles for closing the center should beprotecting our national security, respecting the Geneva Conventions and the rule of law, and respecting the existing institutions of justice in this country. I also believe we should revitalize efforts to transfer detainees to their countries of origin or other countries whenever that would be consistent with these principles. Closing this center and satisfying these principles will take time, and is the work of many departments and agencies.”

The executive order on interrogations is certain to be received with some skepticism at the C.I.A., which for years has maintained that the military’s interrogation rules are insufficient to get information from senior Qaeda figures like Khalid Sheikh Mohammed. The Bush administration asserted that the harsh interrogation methods were instrumental in gaining valuable intelligence on Qaeda operations.

The intelligence agency built a network of secret prisons in 2002 to house and interrogate senior Qaeda figures captured overseas. The exact number of suspects to have moved through the prisons is unknown, although Michael V. Hayden, the departing director of the agency, has in the past put the number at “fewer than 100.”

The secret detentions brought international condemnation, and in September 2006, President Bush ordered that the remaining 14 detainees in C.I.A. custody be transferred to Guantánamo Bay and tried by military tribunals.

But Mr. Bush made clear then that he was not shutting down the C.I.A. detention system, and in the last two years, two Qaeda operatives are believed to have been detained in agency prisons for several months each before being sent to Guantánamo.

A government official said Mr. Obama’s order on the C.I.A. would still allow its officers abroad to temporarily detain terrorism suspects and transfer them to other agencies, but would no longer allow the agency to carry out long-term detentions.

Since the early days after the 2001 attacks, the intelligence agency’s role in detaining terrorism suspects has been significantly scaled back, as has the severity of interrogation methods the agency is permitted to use. The most controversial practice, the simulated drowning technique known as water-boarding, was used on three suspects but has not been used since 2003, C.I.A. officials said.

But at the urging of the Bush administration, Congress in 2006 authorized the agency to continue using harsher interrogation methods than those permitted for use by other agencies, including the military. Those exact methods remain classified. The order on Guantánamo says that the camp, which received its first hooded and chained detainees seven years ago this month, “shall be closed as soon as practicable, and no later than one year from the date of this order.”

The order calls for a cabinet-level panel to grapple with issues including where in the United States prisoners might be moved and what courts they could be tried in. It also provides for a new diplomatic effort to transfer some of the remaining men, including more than 60 that the Bush administration had cleared for release.

The order also directs an immediate assessment of the prison itself to ensure that the men are held in conditions that meet the humanitarian requirements of the Geneva Convention. That provision appeared to be a pointed embrace of the international treaties that the Bush administration often argued did not apply to detainees captured in the war against terrorism.

The seven years of the detention camp have included four suicides, hunger strikes by scores of detainees, and accusations of extensive use of solitary confinement and abusive interrogations, which the Department of Defense has long denied. Last week a senior Pentagon official said she had concluded that interrogators at Guantánamo had tortured one detainee, who officials have said was a would-be “20th hijacker” in the attacks of Sept. 11, 2001.

The report of Thursday’s announcement came after the new administration late Tuesday night ordered an immediate halt to the military commission proceedings for prosecuting detainees at Guantánamo and filed a request in Federal District Court in Washington to stay habeas corpus proceedings there. Government lawyers described both delays as necessary for the administration to make a broad assessment of detention policy.

The cases immediately affected include those of five detainees charged as the coordinators of the 2001 attacks, including the case against Mr. Mohammed, the self-described mastermind.

The decision to stop the commissions was described by the military prosecutors as a pause in the war-crimes system “to permit the newly inaugurated president and his administration time to review the military commission process generally and the cases currently pending before the military commissions, specifically.”

More than 200 detainees’ habeas corpus cases have been filed in federal court, and lawyers said they expected that all of the cases would be stayed.

Mr. Obama had suggested in the campaign that, in place of military commissions, he would prefer prosecutions in federal courts or, perhaps, in the existing military justice system, which provides legal guarantees similar to those of American civilian courts.

Some human rights groups and lawyers for detainees said they were concerned about the one-year timetable. “It only took days to put these men in Guantánamo; it shouldn’t take a year to get them out,” said Vincent Warren, the executive director of the Center for Constitutional Rights in New York, which has coordinated detainees’ lawyers.

But several groups that had criticized the Bush administration’s policies applauded the rapid moves by the new administration. Mr. Obama’s actions “reaffirmed American values and are a ray of light after eight long, dark years,” said Anthony D. Romero, executive director of the American Civil Liberties Union.

 

Mark Mazzetti reported from Washington,

and William Glaberson from New York.

Carl Hulse contributed reporting from Washington.

Obama Issues Directive to Shut Down Guantánamo,
NYT,
22.1.2009,
https://www.nytimes.com/2009/01/22/
us/politics/22gitmo.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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