Les anglonautes

About | Search | Grammar | Vocapedia | Learning | News podcasts | Videos | History | Arts | Science | Translate and listen

 Previous Home Up Next


Vocapedia > Politics > Activism > Violence > Unrest, Clash, Riot, Looting, Crackdown > UK, USA




Brixton, London, 1981


A roller-skater on the streets during the riots.

Richard Mildenhall is better known for his work in the arts,

but it was all hands to the pump when the rioting started



Richard Mildenhall for the Observer


Seven decades of classic photography from the Observer


Saturday 3 December 2016    23.50 GMT
















Baltimore Riots 2015: Scenes From the Unrest        NYT        28 April 2015





Baltimore Riots 2015: Scenes From the Unrest        Video        The New York Times        28 April 2015


A turbulent day in Baltimore

ended with rioting by rock-throwing youths

and a call to end the violence

by religious leaders and the mother of Freddie Gray.


Produced by: Axel Gerdau

Read the story here: http://nyti.ms/1KpyySa

Watch more videos at: http://nytimes.com/video





















British police officers arrest a man

as rioters gathered in Croydon on August 8, 2011.


Photograph: Sang Tan/AP


Boston Globe > Big picture

London riots: update        August 9, 2011






















Riots in response to the Poll Tax


March, 1990

















conflict        USA






confrontation        USA






street violence        2010






violence        USA






break out        USA






set off the violence        USA






sectarian violence        UK






flare        USA






quell violence        UK
























Minneapolis, Minnesota, US


Police clash with protesters

after an officer allegedly shot and killed Daunte Wright,

a black man, in a suburb of Minneapolis

where a former police officer is on trial

for the murder of George Floyd.



Kerem Yucel/AFP/Getty Images


20 photographs of the week

Protests after the death of Daunte Wright in Minneapolis,

the reconstruction of the Notre-Dame de Paris Cathedral

and the enduring impact of Covid-19:

the most striking images from around the world this week


Fri 16 Apr 2021    23.32 BST

















clash        USA












clash with police        USA










clash with N        UK










clash with N        USA






















standoff        USA

















tear gas        USA










fire tear gas at protesters








be tear-gassed by the police        USA

















looter        USA














looting        USA












smash windows








board up stores        USA


















stomp a police cruiser        USA










destroyed police cruiser        USA

















missile        UK






petrol bomb        UK






pipe bomb        UK






throw        UK






hurl / throw missiles at police        UK






hurl Molotov cocktails and stones at police





throw bottles at N

















A member of the public lies injured in Trafalgar Square, London.

More than 100 people, including police officers, were hurt.



Robin Mayes for the Observer


Poll tax riots revisited - in pictures

It’s 25 years since anti-poll tax demonstrations swept across Britain,

culminating in violence in central London on the final day of March 1990.

The Observer covered the events extensively

and here is a selection of images from the picture library,

now housed at the GNM Archive.


Saturday 28 March 2015    14.12 GMT

















Belfast riots        UK        2021










Belfast riots        UK        2012-2013










riot        UK
































































































































Boston Globe > Big picture

London riots        USA        update August 9, 2011






Boston Globe > Big Picture

London riots        USA        August 8, 2011






Cagle cartoons > London riots        USA        August 2011









Mark Duggan    1981-2011        UK / FR


Mark Duggan,

a 29-year-old Tottenham resident,

was shot and killed by police

in Tottenham, North London, England,

on 4 August 2011.


































1990 > anti-poll tax demonstrations

sweep across Britain,

culminating in violence in central London

on the final day of March 1990        UK










1981 > Brixton riots        UK










1981 > Brixton riots - in pictures        UK


On 11 April 1981,

tension between police and youths

led to Brixton being set aflame.


Observer photographer Neil Libbert,

who was on the scene

as the violence erupted,

describes the urgent images he captured









Liverpool > Toxteth riots        July, 1981        UK























A scene from Newark, N.J., in July 1967,

when National Guard members were sent in.



Don Hogan Charles/The New York Times


Not Just Ferguson: National Guard Has a Long History With Civil Unrest

The Upshot        Archive Dive        NYT        AUG. 18, 2014

















riot        USA











http://www.npr.org/series/525773617/the-los-angeles-riots-25-years-on - 2017






























riot > 'riot control agents' > 'flash bangs' to 'rubber' bullets        USA










spark riots
















full-scale riot








rioter        UK










rioter        USA












rioting        UK










spread        USA


























1992 > LA riots / uprisings


 four Los Angeles policemen

— three of them white —

were acquitted

of the savage beating of Rodney King,

an African-American man.


Caught on camera by a bystander,

graphic video of the attack

was broadcast into homes

across the nation and worldwide.


Fury over the acquittal

— stoked by years of racial

and economic inequality in the city —

spilled over into the streets,

resulting in five days of rioting

in Los Angeles.


It ignited a national conversation

about racial and economic disparity

and police use of force

that continues today.




A year earlier, in March 1991,

King — who was on parole for robbery —

had led police on a high-speed chase

through Los Angeles;

later, he was charged

with driving under the influence.


When police finally stopped him,

King was ordered out of the car.


Los Angeles Police Department officers

then kicked him repeatedly

and beat him with batons

for a reported 15 minutes.


The video showed

that more than a dozen cops stood by,

watching and commenting on the beating.


King's injuries resulted in skull fractures,

broken bones and teeth,

and permanent brain damage.



four officers were charged

with excessive use of force.


A year later, on April 29, 1992,

a jury consisting of 12 residents

from the distant suburbs of Ventura County

— nine white, one Latino, one biracial, one Asian —

found the four officers not guilty.









































race riot        USA










law enforcement officer        USA










enlist National Guard and a curfew to fight riots and looting        USA










USA > What is the US national guard

and when is it called up?        UK










National Guard        USA












uniformed riot police        UK






riot shield        UK






police > riot gear





riot gear        USA






wear full riot gear        USA






crack down on N        USA






move in





plastic bullet        UK






use rubber bullets        USA






shoot rubber bullet        USA






fire canisters of tear gas        USA















unrest        UK










unrest        USA








100000004665759/life-amidst-unrest-in-charlotte.html - September 2016











civil unrest        USA










quell unrest        USA



















uprising        USA












violent uprising        UK










upriser        USA


















insurrection        USA










attack        USA

















mob        UK










rampage        UK















set fire to N





smash windows





ransack shops





burnt-out car





looting        UK













deploy baton rounds of plastic bullets

against looters        UK
















Video of police assault

on Ian Tomlinson [  7 February 1962 – 1 April 2009 ],

who died at the London G20        Guardian




Video of police assault on Ian Tomlinson

[  7 February 1962 – 1 April 2009 ],

who died at the London G20.


The Guardian obtained this footage of Ian Tomlinson

at a G20 protest in London shortly before he died.


It shows Tomlinson,

who was not part of the demonstration,

being assaulted from behind

and pushed to the ground by baton-wielding police


The Guardian






















uniformed riot police        UK










riot shield        UK










masked policeman








crack down on protests        USA










baton        UK












baton        USA










manhandle        UK












kick        UK











burning and looting





beat up
















be harassed by police dogs










riot police        UK






police cordon





police baton charge        UK






police dog        UK






bite        UK






water cannon        UK








tear gas / teargas        UK






pepper-spray        USA






pepper-spray        USA






stun grenade

























USA > curfew        UK / USA
















Corpus of news articles


Activism > Violence


Unrest, Clash, Riot, Looting, Crackdown






Verdict on UK riots:

people need a 'stake in society',

says report

Panel concludes that riots were fuelled
by a lack of opportunities for young people,
poor parenting and suspicion of the police


Wednesday 28 March 2012
The Guardian
Fiona Bawdon
This article appeared on p1
of the Main section section of the Guardian
on Wednesday 28 March 2012.
It was published on guardian.co.uk at 00.30 BST
on Wednesday 28 March 2012.
It was last modified at 08.12 BST
on Wednesday 28 March 2012.
It was first published at 00.01 BST
on Wednesday 28 March 2012.


An independent panel set up by the government to study the causes of last summer's riots calls for more people to be given "a stake in society" to help prevent a repeat of the disturbances.

The report, by the Riots Communities and Victims Panel, concludes that the riots were fuelled by a range of factors including a lack of opportunities for young people, poor parenting, a failure of the justice system to rehabilitate offenders, materialism and suspicion of the police.

"When people don't feel they have a reason to stay out of trouble, the consequences for communities can be devastating – as we saw last August," said Darra Singh, chair of the panel.

The report, released on Wednesday, says: "The key to avoiding future riots is to have communities that work." Recommendations include fines for schools that fail to teach children to read properly; earlier and better support for troubled families; a "youth job promise" to get more young people into work; and primary and secondary schools to "undertake regular assessments of pupils' strength of character".

"The answers lie in different places: some are about personal or family responsibility and others are about what the state or the private or voluntary sectors should do better or differently," it says. "Public services describe a group of approximately 500,000 'forgotten families' who bump along the bottom of society."

The panel, which visited 21 communities and interviewed thousands of people affected by the riots, says its wide-ranging recommendations "must be enacted together" if the risk of further riots is to be reduced.

Singh said: "We must give everyone a stake in society. There are people 'bumping along the bottom', unable to change their lives. We urge party leaders to consider the importance of all of our recommendations. Should disturbances happen again, victims and communities will ask our leaders why we failed to respond effectively in 2012."

The report suggests the government's Troubled Families Programme, set up after the riots, may be aiming at the wrong target. TFP, led by the former "respect tsar", Louise Casey, identified 120,000 families needing intervention to turn their lives around and prevent reoffending.

However, of the 80 local authorities polled by the panel, only 5% thought there was any crossover between families targeted by TFP and the families of rioters. The report raises concerns that some schools are excluding pupils for the wrong reasons. Children should be excluded only as a last resort, and only ever be moved to quality alternative provision. If children leave school unable to read properly, the school should face a financial penalty covering the cost of the child getting the extra help they need at their new school, the report says.

"Every child should be able to read and write to an age-appropriate standard by the time they leave primary and then secondary school," the report says.

"If they cannot, the school should face a financial penalty equivalent to the cost of funding remedial support to take the child to the appropriate standard."

It also urges schools to help children "build personal resilience" to help them avoid getting involved in future rioting. It claims that what often determines whether someone makes "the right choice in the heat of the moment" is "character", which it defines as "self-discipline, application, the ability to defer gratification and resilience in recovering from setbacks".

Local businesses should get more involved with schools to promote youth employment and the government should provide a job guarantee for all young people out of work for more than two years, it says.

The report points out that half the recorded offences in the riots were for looting, often of high-value products, including designer clothes, trainers, mobile phones and computers. It calls for young people to be "protected from excessive marketing" and for the Advertising Standards Authority to work to increase children's resilience to advertising. It recommends the appointment of an "independent champion to manage a dialogue between government and big brands".

The four-member panel – Singh, Simon Marcus, Heather Rabbatts and Lady Sherlock – was nominated by the three main political parties. The report is one of several pieces of research into the causes of the riots. A study by the Guardian and the London School of Economics, based on interviews with 270 rioters, revealed that frustration at the way police engage with communities was a major cause. It also showed that mMany rioters also conceded that their involvement in looting was simply down to opportunism, giving them an opportunity to acquire desirable consumer goods.

Camila Batmanghelidjh, founder of the charity Kids Company, said of Wednesday's report that the 500,000 figure for families in difficulties whose needs were not being picked up was an underestimate. "I'd say it is bigger than half a million, because of the scale of what we are seeing."

She added that the panel had adopted "a middle class model" by suggesting the key to preventing offending lay in working with young people's families. "They are still assuming the young person's family is intact, whereas 84% of the children who come to us are runaways. These children have predominantly been seriously maltreated by their families," she said.

Labour MP Diane Abbott, whose Hackney constituency saw some of the fiercest rioting, said: "I welcome the emphasis the report puts on the social and economic causes of the riots. In the first 48 hours after the riots, it was right to focus on restoring order. But, since then, the prime minister has insisted on putting the riots down to "criminality, pure and simple". This report completely demolishes his kneejerk response ...

"What we have seen really reflects an unspoken crisis in the country's efforts to raise educational standards in some of the inner cities. A number of communities feel they don't have any control over their own lives. They feel harassed by the police and marginalised by their job prospects – and are bombarded with reminders of lives they will, in all likelihood, never have. In the week after we have seen the top rate of tax for millionaires cut and the Conservative party hawking intimate dinners with the prime minister for £250,000 a go, I think communities like mine are absolutely sick of being told 'we're all this together', when it's absolutely clear that we're not all on it together."

Batmanghelidjh said it was "a cheek" to suggest it was character failings on the part of young people that led them to join in the rioting, rather than wider social issues such as deprivation and unemployment.

Shauneen Lambe, executive director at Just for Kids Law, which has acted for numerous young people arrested after the riots, agreed that unemployment and illiteracy played a part. "One of the things that really concerns us is how young people are criminalised in a way that previous generations just weren't – which really blights their job prospects."

The job prospects of the young people convicted following last summer's riots were especially bleak, she said.

Earl Jenkins, a learning support mentor at Calderstones school in Liverpool, who was one of up to 60 youth workers who went on to the streets of Toxteth during the disturbances to persuade youngsters not to get involved, agreed that joblessness was a factor. "If you've got nothing to lose, you'll do what you can to survive, won't you?"

Welcoming the report, the communities secretary, Eric Pickles, said: "My department's Troubled Families programme will tackle some of the most entrenched social problems in our country by getting members of 120,000 families off the streets, back into school and on a pathway to work."

Verdict on UK riots: people need a 'stake in society', says report,






Something’s Happening Here


October 11, 2011
The New York Times


When you see spontaneous social protests erupting from Tunisia to Tel Aviv to Wall Street, it’s clear that something is happening globally that needs defining. There are two unified theories out there that intrigue me. One says this is the start of “The Great Disruption.” The other says that this is all part of “The Big Shift.” You decide.

Paul Gilding, the Australian environmentalist and author of the book “The Great Disruption,” argues that these demonstrations are a sign that the current growth-obsessed capitalist system is reaching its financial and ecological limits. “I look at the world as an integrated system, so I don’t see these protests, or the debt crisis, or inequality, or the economy, or the climate going weird, in isolation — I see our system in the painful process of breaking down,” which is what he means by the Great Disruption, said Gilding. “Our system of economic growth, of ineffective democracy, of overloading planet earth — our system — is eating itself alive. Occupy Wall Street is like the kid in the fairy story saying what everyone knows but is afraid to say: the emperor has no clothes. The system is broken. Think about the promise of global market capitalism. If we let the system work, if we let the rich get richer, if we let corporations focus on profit, if we let pollution go unpriced and unchecked, then we will all be better off. It may not be equally distributed, but the poor will get less poor, those who work hard will get jobs, those who study hard will get better jobs and we’ll have enough wealth to fix the environment.

“What we now have — most extremely in the U.S. but pretty much everywhere — is the mother of all broken promises,” Gilding adds. “Yes, the rich are getting richer and the corporations are making profits — with their executives richly rewarded. But, meanwhile, the people are getting worse off — drowning in housing debt and/or tuition debt — many who worked hard are unemployed; many who studied hard are unable to get good work; the environment is getting more and more damaged; and people are realizing their kids will be even worse off than they are. This particular round of protests may build or may not, but what will not go away is the broad coalition of those to whom the system lied and who have now woken up. It’s not just the environmentalists, or the poor, or the unemployed. It’s most people, including the highly educated middle class, who are feeling the results of a system that saw all the growth of the last three decades go to the top 1 percent.”

Not so fast, says John Hagel III, who is the co-chairman of the Center for the Edge at Deloitte, along with John Seely Brown. In their recent book, “The Power of Pull,” they suggest that we’re in the early stages of a “Big Shift,” precipitated by the merging of globalization and the Information Technology Revolution. In the early stages, we experience this Big Shift as mounting pressure, deteriorating performance and growing stress because we continue to operate with institutions and practices that are increasingly dysfunctional — so the eruption of protest movements is no surprise.

Yet, the Big Shift also unleashes a huge global flow of ideas, innovations, new collaborative possibilities and new market opportunities. This flow is constantly getting richer and faster. Today, they argue, tapping the global flow becomes the key to productivity, growth and prosperity. But to tap this flow effectively, every country, company and individual needs to be constantly growing their talents.

“We are living in a world where flow will prevail and topple any obstacles in its way,” says Hagel. “As flow gains momentum, it undermines the precious knowledge stocks that in the past gave us security and wealth. It calls on us to learn faster by working together and to pull out of ourselves more of our true potential, both individually and collectively. It excites us with the possibilities that can only be realized by participating in a broader range of flows. That is the essence of the Big Shift.”

Yes, corporations now have access to more cheap software, robots, automation, labor and genius than ever. So holding a job takes more talent. But the flip side is that individuals — individuals — anywhere can now access the flow to take online courses at Stanford from a village in Africa, to start a new company with customers everywhere or to collaborate with people anywhere. We have more big problems than ever and more problem-solvers than ever.

So there you have it: Two master narratives — one threat-based, one opportunity-based, but both involving seismic changes. Gilding is actually an optimist at heart. He believes that while the Great Disruption is inevitable, humanity is best in a crisis, and, once it all hits, we will rise to the occasion and produce transformational economic and social change (using tools of the Big Shift). Hagel is also an optimist. He knows the Great Disruption may be barreling down on us, but he believes that the Big Shift has also created a world where more people than ever have the tools, talents and potential to head it off. My heart is with Hagel, but my head says that you ignore Gilding at your peril.

You decide.

    Something’s Happening Here, NYT, 11.10.2011,






Mark Duggan's funeral cortege

joined by 1,000 mourners

Community leaders
call for unity and peace
at the funeral service of man
whose fatal shooting by police
sparked August's riots


Friday 9 September 2011
Hugh Muir and Diane Taylor
18.20 BST
This article was published on guardian.co.uk at 18.20 BST on Friday 9 September 2011. A version appeared on p14 of the Main section section of the Guardian on Saturday 10 September 2011. It was last modified at 00.10 BST on Saturday 10 September 2011.


Up to 1,000 mourners joined a cortege through the streets of Tottenham on Friday for the funeral of Mark Duggan, the man whose shooting by police sparked rioting and copycat disturbances in towns and cities across England.

They travelled by car and on foot from the home of Duggan's parents to the Broadwater Farm estate in north London, where he grew up, stopping there for a short vigil and emotional church service. Then the extraordinary procession walked through the back streets for a graveside ceremony. A single voice sang I'll Fly Away, and white balloons were released into the air.

Police mounted a "low-visibility" operation. There were uniformed officers helping with the traffic but thousands of others were held in contingency nearby.

After weeks of speculation about Duggan and his character, and questions about the exact circumstances of his shooting, senior community figures joined the victim's friends and relatives for what was portrayed by most as a rebuttal of the portrait drawn of him and of the community around Broadwater Farm.

"We reject the stigma that has been placed on this family and this community," Rev Nims Obunge told the congregation.

"Let mothers not come and bury their children any more. Let fathers not come and weep over their children's graves. We have been scarred, marginalised, stigmatised, but today we stand together.

"We say, not any more. We shall stop this. We take the death of Mark to show that there is something wrong. We pray that his death will not be in vain, that we learn what we need to learn and that we have a future that is ours to hold on to."

Stafford Scott, a community leader, said the circumstances surrounding Duggan's death had forced the community to unify. "We believe there is no justice, there is just us," he said. "This is a community that is battle-weary. I have known four people in my life who have died in these circumstances. We will draw a sense of togetherness. If there is to be a memorial to Mark let it be that our young people come together and stick together."

The church service was held at the Pentecostal New Testament Church of God in Wood Green, a district also scarred by last month's disturbances. Mourners heard a tribute from Duggan's fiancee, Semone Brown. He was, she said: "My first real love, we laughed together and cried together. We faced trials and tribulations together. We had our ups and our downs but I always loved him. He gave me four beautiful children."

There were emotional scenes as Duggan's cousin Donna Martin began a eulogy. "I'm going to find this difficult," she said. Mark would have said 'Balance, balance,' which means 'Settle yourself'."

At that point she was overcome and seemed unable to continue. Sections of the congregation urged her on with Duggan's own phrase, "balance, balance". She said Duggan had a job at Stansted airport and recently submitted an application to become a fireman, "obviously thinking about how he could help others".

She said he had a strong, positive bond with local children. "He encouraged them to take part in lots of activities and would tell them were they went wrong and how to put it right next time. He was just a big kid himself."

Duggan, she said, "was always seen as a peacemaker".

Her cousin had many enthusiasms, she said. "He enjoyed partying, dressed up to the nines. He loved his bling and ting. What a smile he had. It used to take over the whole of his face."

Martin said Duggan was en route in a cab to see his children and spoke to his fiancee at 4.30pm. He died less than two hours later.

He was "asking if his dinner was ready. That was the last time he spoke to her."

The day began with friends and relatives assembling at the family home. They were met by Bishop Kwaku Frimpong-Manson, who performed the internment service.

Among the relatives was his aunt Karen Hall. "I was the first person to see him come into this world. Mark would have known that he isn't Al Capone. He is just an average guy. He wouldn't have tried to fire on police," she said.

Bishop Frimpong-Manson said he knew Mark from childhood. "He was like my son and I was angry when I read what was being said about him, because it was just wrong. I know some youths get in trouble. No one is perfect. But he was just a normal guy. I came to see the family and they said: 'No one is talking to us about what happened to Mark.' Who would be happy to lose a child and find that no one is talking to you?" he said.

As mourners prepared to set off from the house, the bishop called them to stand on the pavement beside the wooden carriage, which was drawn by four white horses with plumes. Around 60 did so.

"We come to stretch our hands towards the casket and thank God for Mark's life as he begins his heavenly journey."

He urged the mourners to stretch their arms towards the carriage as he prayed. Duggan's mother, Pam, wept, supported by a relative.

The cortege swelled at Broadwater Farm as people emerged from homes and offices. The horse-drawn carriage stopped near the block Duggan lived in as a child. Again mourners were implored to stretch their hands towards it. A few stepped forward to tap on the carriage.

One hit the hardest. "He was a loveable rogue but we loved him," he said.

Among the mourners were the relatives of Cynthia Jarrett, whose death sparked the Broadwater Farm disturbances in 1985; of Colin Roach, who died in Stoke Newington police station, north London; and of Sean Rigg, who died while in the custody of police in Brixton, south London.

Another there to "show solidarity" was Winston Silcott, who was wrongly imprisoned for the murder of PC Keith Blakelock during the 1985 riots.

The IPCC is still investigating the 12 August shooting. It has said a non-police-issue firearm was recovered from the scene.

Reports suggest that Duggan was carrying the converted replica in a sock. But the family say there is no proof of that, and say they've been told that no fingerprints were found on the firearm.

Mark Duggan's funeral cortege joined by 1,000 mourners,
NYT, 9.9.2011,






Nottingham police station firebombed

as violence hits more UK cities

At least eight people arrested
in connection with attack
– while disturbances flare up
in Liverpool, Leicester, Bristol and Leeds


Wednesday 10 August 2011
The Guardian
Martin Wainwright, Helen Clifton,
James Beal and Jessica Shepherd
This article appeared in the Guardian
on Wednesday 10 August 2011.
It was published on guardian.co.uk at 01.57 BST
on Wednesday 10 August 2011.
It was last modified at 01.59 BST
on Wednesday 10 August 2011.


A police station in Nottingham was firebombed on Tuesday night as violence also hit Liverpool, Leicester, Bristol and Leeds.

Canning Circus police station in Nottingham was attacked by a gang of 30 to 40 men but no injuries were reported, according to Nottinghamshire police. The force said at least eight people were arrested in connection with the attack.

Around the same time, a number of cars were firebombed at a car lot in Carlton Road in the city.

The violence followed the arrest of 10 youths earlier in the evening after a small group of people got on to the roof of one of the buildings at Nottingham High School. In another incident two men, aged 17 and 18, were arrested after rocks were thrown at Bulwell Police Station in the city.

Between 6pm on Monday and 1am on Wednesday, police said they dealt with "well over 1,000" reports of incidents taking place throughout the city and elsewhere, and more than 70 arrests were made. Fires were set in various different locations and police said they had investigated reports that children had been setting trees alight.

Smithdown Road in Toxteth in Liverpool was closed by police after 200 rioters started hurling missiles at officers at about 11.30pm. A Merseyside police spokesman said the youths were "causing disorder and damage" and asked local people to avoid the area. She was unable to confirm reports that firebombs were being thrown.

Police and firefighters were called to reports of vehicles on fire in Birkenhead, while the town centre also saw damage to shops and pubs, with at least one pub set on fire. No-one was inside at the time.

Some 35 arrests were made on Merseyside in connection with the disorder.

A number of blazes were started by people rioting at a young offenders' institution in Bristol, the local fire service said. Up to 10 teenagers at Ashfield set fire to rubbish in one of the wings at about 7.50pm.

It took members of staff about 50 minutes to extinguish the flames, according to Avon Fire and Rescue Service, who were put on standby in case they worsened. "About seven to 10 people were involved in a riot," a spokesman said. "The prison staff are now dealing with the perpetrators." The fires were said to be small, with the level of damage done unclear.

Some 400 young males aged between 15 and 18 are held at Ashfield after being sentenced in courts across the South West, Wales, the Midlands and the London area.

Meanwhile a gang passing through Chapeltown in Leeds threw stones at cars parked outside the Central Jamia Mosque. A senior member of staff at the mosque, who gave his name as Ali, described the culprits as a large group of rioters.

Leicestershire police said on their Twitter account that their officers were dealing with a group of youths in Leicester city centre.

The violence has been spreading outside of London since Monday night. Police in Liverpool were pelted with missiles and cars were torched on Monday, while looters in Bristol targeted jewellery shops and set a gas main on fire. There has been sporadic trouble in Leeds

In Liverpool, disturbances began shortly after midnight on Monday as pub and restaurant windows were shattered with stones, showering late-night drinkers and diners with glass . Several hundred people, some as young as 10, roamed High Park Street attacking buildings and cars at random before looting a Tesco Express, smashing police station windows and setting a police van on fire.

Cars and wheelie bins were set alight on a trail of destruction that stretched from the city centre to the Toxteth, Dingle and Wavertree areas.

    Nottingham police station firebombed as violence hits more UK cities,
    G, 10.8.2011,






Tottenham riot:

Sustained looting

follows night of violence

Looters use cars and shopping trolleys
to carry away stolen goods as disturbances
spread to other areas of Haringey


Sunday 7 August 2011
09.05 BST
Paul Lewis
This article was published on guardian.co.uk
at 09.05 BST on Sunday 7 August 2011.
It was last modified at 10.40 BST
on Sunday 7 August 2011.


There were scenes of chaos in the early hours of Sunday morning as sustained looting spread from Tottenham to other nearby areas of Haringey.

By midnight police managed to secure a 200-metre stretch of the Tottenham High Road, scene of some of the worst rioting on Saturday night.

But as fire engines entered the street, and began putting out blazing cars and buildings, the rioters spread north and west through back-streets. To the north, at Tottenham Hale, Aldi supermarket was ransacked and set on fire. So too was a nearby carpet shop, causing a huge blaze.

Looters turned up with cars and shopping trolleys to carry away stolen goods. Nearby, large groups of youths congregated in the surrounding streets with sticks, bottles and hammers.

Some wore balaclava masks, preventing cars from accessing streets as buildings were broken into. Others used large rubbish bins to form burning barricades across the road.

However some of most dramatic looting took place further west, in Wood Green, and continued into the early hours of the morning.

Earlier on Saturday night two police cars, a bus and several shops had been attacked and set ablaze as violence and looting erupted following a protest demanding "justice" over a fatal police shooting.

Officers on horseback and others in riot gear clashed with hundreds of ­rioters armed with makeshift missiles in the centre of Tottenham after Mark Duggan, 29, a father of four, was killed on Thursday.

On Sunday morning police said there remained isolated incidents in the Tottenham area involving "a small number of people" and officers were still dealing with those situations. Eight officers were being treated in hospital, one with head injuries, following the violence.

But there was still no police presence at Wood Green high street at 4am, even after dozens of stores had been smashed and raided, setting of multiple alarms.

Around 100 youths sprinted around the highstreet, targeting game shops, electrical stores and high-street clothe chains such as H & M.

Glass windows were smashed and the looters, mostly young men masking their faces, swarmed in.

They emerged with handfuls of stolen goods. "I've got loads of G-Star," said one teenager, emerging from a clothes shop. Others came out clasping shopping bags stuffed with goods.

Three teenagers ran down the street with suitcases filled with stolen clothes. Around ten young men stood outside a smouldering Carphone Warehouse, the windows smashed. The theft was casual and brazen, with looters peering into broken shop windows to see if items of value remained.

There were shocking scenes in the suburban back-streets, where residential front-gardens were used to frantically sort and swap stolen goods.

A teenage boy, who looked aged around 14, drove an stolen minicab erratically down a side-street. On the adjacent street, a man who emerged from his home to find his car burnt-out remonstrated with other young men, who ran past carrying clothes.

Passersby, including people returning home in the early hours from nights out, were stunned to discover the lawless mayhem on the streets.

With no sign of any police, buses refused to take passengers through Wood Green high street, and traffic was brought to a standstill.

Tottenham riot: Sustained looting follows night of violence,






April 2 1990


Black flags

signal violence to come


From The Guardian archive


April 2 1990

The Guardian


There were already signs of the violence to come as tens of thousands gathered in south London's brilliant sunshine for the country's biggest anti-poll tax demonstration.

A group of about 1,000 tried to form separately, black flags fluttering in the breeze. A police inspector said to his officers: "Anyone with black flags, they've all been warned that they're going to get arrested."

The head of the apparently good-natured march started passing Downing Street, but by the time it reached Trafalgar Square scuffles were breaking out in Whitehall. The objective of some demonstrators was undoubtedly the double line of police behind the gates of Downing Street.

In Trafalgar Square the majority listened to speakers. Some headed south down Whitehall, hurling anything they could lay their hands on at police. As the platform appealed for people to go home peacefully, rioting spread into the south-east corner of Trafalgar Square.

Riot police battling to push the crowd away from the area of the South African embassy were repulsed by a barrage of bottles, sticks and plac ards. Cries of "Kill them" and "Fascist scum" filled the air.

Many at the forefront appeared intoxicated, either by alcohol or by the atmosphere of insurrection. Young men with blood pouring from head wounds continued to hurl missiles.

A fire engine was attacked, as others shouted for it to be left alone. Mounted police cantered past the embassy in a futile attempt to push demonstrators away. They became targets for a hail of missiles.

Ten yards back from the hard core, police and the public watched the ferocity with disbelieving faces.

Mounted, combat and ordinary uniformed police gradually forced demonstrators northwards out of Trafalgar Square. But if calm had returned there, it was at the expense of London's premier shopping streets. Hundreds of demonstrators ran amok, smashing windows, looting and attacking cars, leaving banks wrecked.

The junction of Tottenham Court Road and Oxford Street was typical of the chaos facing police officers intent on rounding up scattered, determined groups. It was becoming increasingly difficult to differentiate between rioters and spectators.

A police officer told a middle-aged couple: "We cannot guarantee your safety if you move out of this area."

A boy of about 15 was in a telephone box yards from police: "They done Oxford Street. I got a three hundred quid jacket and two left boots."


David Sharrock

From The Guardian archive > April 2 1990 >
Black flags signal violence to come,
G, Republsihed 2.4.2007, p. 30,






April 24 1979


Teacher dies

in National Front clashes


From the Guardian archive


April 24 1979
The Guardian


A schoolteacher died early today after receiving severe head injuries in a violent demonstration against a National Front election meeting in Southall, Middlesex. He was Mr Blair Peach, a New Zealander in his late twenties who lived in East London.

The dead man, an Anti-Nazi League supporter, was one of 40 taken to hospital after the demonstration, in which 300 people were arrested.

The violence came to a head when rocks, smoke bombs, bottles and cans were hurled at the massive cordon of police protecting the Front meeting at Southall Town Hall.

Of the injured, 35 were policemen. One was stabbed in the stomach and another suffered a serious leg wound. Twenty police needed hospital treatment and six were detained.

The battle before the meeting was quelled only when police horsemen and police armed with riot shields charged the crowd.

Ealing Council, which had previously banned National Front meetings, allowed the Front to book the hall under the Representation of the People Act.

Mr Paul Holborrow, the League's national secretary said, "We believe that this tragedy occurred solely because of the determination of the police to enable the Nazis to hold their racist and provocative meeting in the centre of the Asian community in Southall.

"The ANL has warned of the dangers of allowing Nazis to practise in our midst; now that the ultimate price has been paid, it now asks how much longer this violence is to be tolerated in British politics."

Mr Merlyn Rees, the Home Secretary, speaking before the man's death, last night defended the right to hold meetings.

He said matters of public order had to be left to the professionals — the police — and it was not up to a Home Secretary to make judgements. But if Labour were returned to power he would want more powers to control marches.

Interviewed by ITN, Mr Rees was asked what plans he had to deal with unpleasant aspects of extremism.

Mr Rees said: "The request for dealing with a march must come from the police. It was a police judgement that was made in Leicester. There was no such judgement to make today simply because it was not a march. It was a meeting this evening."

Those arrested last night were held on charges ranging from assault on police to possessing offensive weapons.


Peter Chippindale and Aileen Ballantyne

From the Guardian archive > April 24 1979 >
Teacher dies in National Front clashes,
Republished 24.4.2007, p. 34,






On This Day - May 21, 1965


From The Times Archive


Teargas, developed at Porton Down,

was already in use by the Army for riot control

when police forces were granted permission

to use it in some circumstances.


THE POLICE are to be supplied with limited amounts of non-toxic tear smoke for use against armed criminals trapped in a building, Sir Frank Soskice, Home Secretary, announced in the Commons yesterday.

There would be no long-term effect on any innocent person caught in the fumes, he said. The Home Secretary was replying to Mr Rankin, Labour member for Glasgow, Govan, who asked if the Metropolitan Police were equipped to use non- lethal gas in an emergency.

“Arrangements are being made,” Sir Frank said, “to supply police forces in case of need with limited amounts of non-toxic tear smoke, which causes temporary incapacity but has no permanent harmful effects, for use in dealing with armed criminals or violently insane persons in buildings from which they cannot be dislodged without danger of loss of life. The tear smoke would not be used in any other circumstances.”

The Home Secretary said he had in mind the case in which a violent lunatic had barricaded himself in a house, possibly with a member of the public as hostage, and where it would be impossible for the police to approach without the lives of the officers or bystanders being endangered.

The statement did not mention the Metropolitan Police in particular, who have their own arrangements with the Army to call for tear gas if necessary.



Our Defence Correspondent writes: The gas which will be used is the same as that available to the Army for riot control operations. It is called “CS” and was developed at the Chemical Defence Experimental Establishment at Porton, Wiltshire.

Scientists claim that it is far more effective than the previous range of tear gases which had remained largely unchanged since first being developed in the Great War.

It is a non-lethal, non-toxic gas tear smoke, with an immediate, but very temporary effect. The victim has copious watering eyes and blurring of vision, but not blackout.

From The Times Archives,
On This Day - May 21, 1965,
The Times,






May 9 1829


Situation of the rioting weavers


From The Guardian archive


May 9 1829

The Guardian


It is with feelings of extreme regret that we find ourselves under the necessity of adverting to the riotous proceedings and the lawless and destructive attacks on property of which a portion of the labouring classes in this town and some neighbouring districts have been guilty during the past and the present week.

We deeply lament the state of suffering in which a large portion of the industrious classes are involved; we can form some conception of the growing distress consequent on want of food: we can imagine the feelings with which a parent, himself not obtaining the full sustenance necessary to hard and constant labour, hears his children begging for bread, which he is unable to supply.

These are circumstances that involve an intensity of wretchedness which no person, not destitute of the ordinary feelings of human nature, can contemplate without deep sympathy. But sympathy, of itself, is worth little; and private charity is utterly incompetent to grapple with the mass of distress which prevails.

In some quarters — in the neighborhood of Colne, in the country around Blackburn, and at Burnley — the condition of the hand-loom weavers has reached the extreme of suffering. There is still remaining unappropriated a large balance of the general subscription raised for the relief of the poor in manufacturing districts. We strongly recommend an immediate application to the secretary or officers of the committee for conducting the subscription.

It is several years since we first expressed our opinion that the days of prosperity of hand-loom cotton-weaving are gone by, that the principle of manufacture will still progressively continue to sink; and that whatever tends artificially to prolong its existence can only have the effect of producing more certain misery.

Every friend to the poor, therefore, every person of influence [in] communication with hand-loom weavers should sedulously inculcate the importance of their betaking theirselves, and at least of bringing up their children, to some employment less overstocked and in declension. The wages of labour can never (the improved machinery of the present day renders it absolutely impossible) constitute a desirable trade; but the sufferings attendant on its decline may be mitigated by constant and judicious exertions.

[About this week's disturbances], our first statement is that, at whatever cost, the laws must be supported. We are not advocates for needless severity: but the interest of the poor, even more immediately than that of the rich, requires that that sort of property which has been attacked and placed in jeopardy should be vigilantly guarded.

From The Guardian archive,
May 9 1829,
Situation of the rioting weavers,
Republished 9.5.2007,
p. 30,










Related > Anglonautes > Vocapedia



President Trump > January 2021

storming of the Capitol

by a pro-Trump mob - January 6, 2021



politics > activism, unrest > UK / USA




President Trump > January 2021

storming of the Capitol

by a pro-Trump mob - January 6, 2021



police brutality > George Floyd    1973-2020



politics > UK



politics > USA



democracy, politics > world > foreign policy,

Arab Spring (2011-2014),

Middle East,

United Nations (U.N.), diplomacy






Related > Anglonautes > History > 20th century > USA


Race riots

in Detroit, Milwaukee,

Los Angeles, Newark and Chicago    1967




home Up