> UK, British empire >
Black power, BLM, Blackness, Black British identity
Notting Hill Couple, London (1967)
taken when mix-raced relationships
still relatively taboo,
ended up on the cover of London Is The Place for Me,
compilation of British calypso
Charlie Phillips (Born 1944) /
Charlie Phillips, Image Courtesy of Beetles+Huxley
Punks, prams and carparks:
identity – in pictures
Monday 1 August 2016 07.00 BST
coon, wog, nigger (racist)
'the wrong colour'
African Liberation Day march through Handsworth in 1977.
The children of the Windrush generation were growing up,” said
“and their eyes were opening to a wider political agenda.
Everyone I knew was involved with the movement in some way.”
Photograph: Vanley Burke
Fightback: Vanley Burke's black Birmingham – in pictures
The Jamaica-born ‘godfather of black British photography’
spent the 70s and 80s documenting street protests in the city.
His work can be seen at Cardiff’s Diffusion festival until 31
Thursday 25 May
2017 07.00 BST
Untitled, from the series The Black House,
Photograph: Colin Jones/Courtesy Autograph
Beauty contests and Brixton fashion:
black Britain in the 1970s – in pictures
From the archive of arts agency Autograph,
these photos depict the lives of black Britons,
from sound systems to strident politics
Tue 21 Aug 2018 07.00 BST
Black Power leader Michael X
speaking at a rally in London in
Photograph: Popperfoto/Getty Images
The story of the British Black Panthers
politics, love and power
Sunday 9 April
2017 07.00 BST
UK's first black archbishop
black Britain in the 1970s
Celebrating Black NHS nurses through the decades –
The NHS is one of only two things
that hold Britain
together as a community.
The second being the BBC.
these two national treasures
have become our guiding
Black people have been
an integral part of the NHS
since the 40s.
I am very proud to say
my mother worked for the NHS
for more than 35 years before she retired.
These institutions are worth fighting for.
Sun 15 Nov 2020 08.30 GMT
west London cafe > the Mangrove, Notting Hil
a symbol of black urban resistance
was established in 1968 by Frank Crichlow,
an entrepreneur from Trinidad
who became a community activist
and symbol of black urban resistance
in the face of police persecution.
black feminist politics
Britain's black power movement / British black
Britain's black power movement
one of the most significant black activists
Britain's black power movement
the court challenge
against police racism in
British Black Panthers
John La Rose 1927-2006
intellectual, trades unionist, campaigner, poet
black British identity
black British films
Britain’s rich history of black literature
Fightback: Vanley Burke's black Birmingham – in pictures
‘godfather of black British photography’
spent the 70s and 80s
documenting street protests in the city.
> Black history
Black History Month
Black Lives Matter
Black Lives Matter,
racism in football
and representation in sports media
Corpus of news articles
UK > Black power, BLM,
Put a Sport on
December 21, 2011
The New York Times
By JERÉ LONGMAN
John Terry, captain of
England’s national soccer team and the powerful club Chelsea, faces a criminal
charge over accusations that he made a racial slur during an October match,
apparently becoming the first player to be prosecuted for remarks said on the
The accusation against Terry, which he denied, represents an escalation in the
attempt to stem the persistent and widespread problem of racism in European
On Tuesday, the Uruguayan forward Luis Suárez, who plays for Liverpool of the
English Premier League, was suspended for eight matches and fined about $63,000
for making abusive remarks in an October game toward Patrice Evra, a black
defender from France who plays for Manchester United.
On Wednesday, the Crown Prosecution Service, the agency responsible for laying
criminal charges, said it had charged Terry.
Antiracism officials said they were encouraged by the actions taken against
Terry and Suárez. But they cautioned that international soccer had lately sent
mixed messages about discrimination despite a campaign over the past five years
to reduce racial smears made on the field and in the stands. Fans in some
European countries have been known to throw bananas and peanuts, and direct
monkey chants, toward black players.
Sepp Blatter, the embattled president of FIFA, soccer’s world governing body,
was widely criticized last month after trying to minimize the extent of racism
on the field and suggesting that any player who felt affronted should settle the
matter with a postgame handshake.
The Terry and Suárez cases represent “a very important step that sends two
messages,” said Lord Herman Ouseley, chairman of the London-based
antidiscrimination organization called Kick It Out. “If you are inclined to
behave like that, you are not going to get away with it,” he said. “And it’s
encouraging to black players, who have often felt, ‘Why bother, it’s a waste of
time.’ Most thought nothing would come out of these allegations.”
At the same time, Ouseley said in a telephone interview that he would withhold
judgment on English soccer’s long-term determination to stamp out racism until
Terry’s case played out through the judiciary and Suárez decided whether to
appeal his ban by England’s soccer federation, known as the Football
Association. He has 14 days to file an appeal.
“We will have to wait and see whether there is consistency and durability in
application of a high standard of conduct, backed by strong investigation and
discipline with penalties, or whether this is a one-off, and we go back to
leniency and complacency,” Ouseley said.
The English Premier League is considered the world’s best club competition and
features many of the top international players. Two-thirds are foreign-born.
Racial sensitivity in the league has increased substantially in recent years,
and the atmosphere is considered far more embracing than leagues in Spain and
Italy. Yet, the Terry and Suárez cases indicate that English officials are still
troubled by some abusive on-the-field behavior.
Terry, who is 31, appears to be the first player to face a criminal charge of
racism, said Ouseley and Howard Holmes, founder of another London-based
antidiscrimination group called Football Unites, Racism Divides.
“I can’t find any other case where the police were involved,” Holmes said in a
telephone interview. “There have been a number of instances that have gone to
court, but they’ve been fan-based.”
Terry, who is white, is accused of making a racist remark during an October
match toward Anton Ferdinand, a black defender who plays for Queens Park
Rangers, a London rival of Chelsea.
A hearing for Terry is scheduled for Feb. 1. He is charged with violating
Britain’s Crime and Disorder Act (of) 1998, which focuses on antisocial
behavior. If found guilty, the maximum fine he faces is about $4,000, but a
conviction could cost Terry the captaincy of his club and national team, his
reputation and his ability to earn endorsement money.
“I am satisfied there is sufficient evidence for a realistic prospect of
conviction and it is in the public interest to prosecute this case,” Alison
Saunders, London’s chief crown prosecutor, said in a statement.
Terry has denied the charge, saying the context of his remarks was
misunderstood. He said in a statement Wednesday, “I have never aimed a racist
remark at anyone and count people from all races and creeds among my closest
According to The Guardian newspaper of London, Ferdinand did not immediately
realize what Terry had said to him during the October match. Rather, Ferdinand
grew concerned later when the encounter between the two players drew widespread
attention on social media sites. He later saw footage of the confrontation that
had been posted on the Internet.
Terry has said that he thought Ferdinand was accusing him of making a racial
slur during their encounter and responded to Ferdinand by saying he would never
use such a term.
The situation is complicated because Ferdinand’s brother, Rio, is a partner of
Terry’s in central defense for England’s national team. And it was Rio Ferdinand
who scathingly challenged Blatter’s suggestions last month that players should
resolve racial tensions with handshakes. Via Twitter, Rio Ferdinand, who plays
with Evra for Manchester United, called Blatter’s remarks “condescending” and
Blatter was widely ridiculed and Hugh Robertson, the British sports minister,
urged him to resign. Blatter declined to step down but said he regretted his
remarks and promised “zero tolerance” of racist behavior in soccer. A FIFA
campaign against racism began at the 2006 World Cup in Germany.
The widespread reaction against Blatter’s remarks in England, as well as the
social media response to the Terry incident, undoubtedly influenced the Suárez
suspension and the decision to prosecute Terry, said Holmes, the
“We can’t adopt a holier-than-thou attitude and, when it’s in our backyard, wash
our hands of it,” Holmes said.
Suárez, the Liverpool forward, was accused of using a racial term 10 times
against Evra in an October match against Manchester United. Suárez has said that
he did not realize that language that was acceptable in his native Uruguay was
considered racist in England.
“I understand the point about cultural differences,” Gordon Taylor, chief
executive of the union for England’s professional soccer players, told British
reporters Wednesday. “But if you come to this country, all players have to abide
by not just the laws of the game, but the laws of the land as well.”
Liverpool has vigorously defended Suárez. During warm-ups for their match
against Wigan on Wednesday, his teammates wore white T-shirts with an image of
Suárez on the front and his name and his number, 7, on the back.
Rob Hughes contributed
reporting from London.
Racism Charges Put a Sport on Edge,
April 22, 1968
for 'racialist' speech
From the Guardian archive
Monday April 22, 1968
Mr Heath last night dismissed Mr Enoch Powell
from the Shadow Cabinet. It became clear that the members of Mr Heath's Shadow
Cabinet were unanimous that Mr Powell would have to go. Several Front Bench
members let it be known that they would resign if Mr Powell remained. Two of the
leading figures in the drama appear to have been Mr Maudling, deputy leader of
the party, and Mr Hogg, chief home affairs spokesman. Both are understood to
have been appalled by Mr Powell's inflammatory speech.
Certainly there were intensive consultations
between members of the Shadow Cabinet and between many of them and Mr Heath. By
the end of the afternoon it must have been apparent that Mr Heath would receive
the full support of his colleagues if he dismissed Mr Powell. It was emphasised,
however, that the decision to dismiss Mr Powell belonged to Mr Heath personally.
He appears to have spent most of the day at Broadstairs brooding on the
situation created by Mr Powell's highly emotive speech on the Race elations
Bill, and to have telephoned Mr Powell at Wolverhampton at about 9pm.
A statement issued by Mr Heath said: "I have told Mr Powell that I consider the
speech he made in Birmingham yesterday to have been racialist in tone and liable
to exacerbate racial tensions. This is unacceptable from one of the leaders of
the Conservative Party."
Friends of Mr Heath insisted that this was a decision which could not be delayed
once it had been reached. The sense of relief expressed by several of My Heath's
colleagues late last night underlined this point.
But there is no doubt that a major factor in making up Mr Heath's mind was the
certainty of a further 24 hours of unfavourable press comment - even from
normally Conservative newspapers.
Mr Powell is certain to receive the impassioned support of Right-wing Tories for
his expression of views on the race question which are widely popular among
sections of the electorate. As one Tory MP put it last night, with an eye to
public opinion: "You could call him Mr National Opinion Powell."
[Powell said Commonwealth immigration policy must be "mad, literally mad",
adding: "It is like watching a nation busily engaged in heaping up its own
funeral pyre" and "Like the Roman, I seem to see the River Tiber foaming with
From the Guardian archive,
Enoch Powell dismissed for 'racialist' speech,
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UK > race
relations > Black people, white people
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racial divide, racism,
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