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Vocapedia > Race relations > UK, British empire > Racism

 

 

 

 

Black Sheep        Video        The Guardian        26 October 2018

 

Everything changed for Cornelius Walker

on 27 November 2000 when Damilola Taylor was killed.

 

Damilola was 11,

the same age as Cornelius.

 

He lived five minutes away.

 

He had the same skin colour.

Cornelius’s mother,

scared for her son’s safety,

moved their family out of London.

 

Cornelius suddenly found himself

living on a white estate run by racists.

But rather than fight them,

Cornelius decided to become more

like the people who hated him.

 

They became his family

and kept him safe.

 

And in return,

Cornelius became submerged

in a culture of violence and hatred.

 

But as the violence and racism

against other black people continued,

Cornelius struggled to marry his real identity

with the one he had acquired.

 

YouTube

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A-Y5zvnDxsI

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Eight black women discuss the politics of skin tone        G        8 April 2019

 

 

 

 

Eight black women discuss the politics of skin tone        Video        The Guardian        8 April 2019

 

As part of our Shades of Black series,

we invited eight women

to talk about their experience of colorism

in their relationships,

careers and everyday life.

 

Colorism is the discrimination

against individuals with a dark skin tone.

 

This means that darker skinned black people

have to fight prejudice

even within their own community,

where lighter skin is seen as more desirable.

 

As such, darker skinned black people

can experience both racism and colorism.

 

YouTube

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i3rEZnxOWcw

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Everyday racism: what should we do? Akala        G        18 March 2015

 

 

 

 

Everyday racism: what should we do?        Video        Akala | Comment is Free        G        18 March 2015

 

Racism is a business.

 

Its marketing is so successful that even Akala

looks sideways at a young black man

holding a lot of cash.

 

These racial assumptions lead to 'everyday' racism

- daily encounters and micro-agressions.

 

It's time to recognise the relationship

between top-down propaganda

and the bias that we all carry.

 

YouTube

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uZUvjAJGFkM

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

xenophobic

 

http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2014/may/17/
ukip-xenophobic-not-racist-eric-pickles

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

xenophobia

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/jun/22/
as-immigration-crisis-explodes-xenophobes-gain-ground-in-eu

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

UK > xenophobia        USA

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/06/28/world/europe/
as-migrants-face-abuse-fear-that-brexit-has-given-license-to-xenophobia.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

white supremacist

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

be called a racial name  > 'golliwog'    (racist)

 

http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/home-news/
campbell-ba-called-me-golliwog-852027.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

gollywog    (racist)

 

http://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2013/nov/17/
edinburgh-council-refuses-golliwog-school-racism

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2013/sep/20/
golliwog-shetland

 

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2012/sep/21/
golliwogs-vile-throwback-tory-mps

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2011/oct/11/
hideously-diverse-britain-golliwogs

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/media/2009/feb/06/
race-thatcher-golliwog

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1136016/
How-golliwog-went-innocent-childrens-hero-symbol-bitter-controversy.html - 5 February 2009

http://www.guardian.co.uk/media/2009/feb/03/
bbc-drops-carol-thatcher

http://www.guardian.co.uk/media/2009/feb/03/
carol-thatcher-faces-ban-over-golliwog-remark

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

coon, wog, nigger    (racist)

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/stage/2009/feb/06/
lenny-henry-career-family-othello

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sooty    (racist)

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2009/jan/12/
prince-harry-racism

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

paki    (racist)

 

http://www.theguardian.com/uk/2003/aug/13/
race.world 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

'the wrong colour'

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/the-northerner/2013/feb/11/
bradford-race-issues-school

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

black

 

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/video/2019/apr/08/
people-dont-even-look-at-me-eight-black-women-discuss-politics-of-light-and-dark-skin-video

 

https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2017/sep/03/
four-black-men-die-police-restraint-no-officers-suspended-bryant-cumberbatch-charles-da-costa

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Black Lives Matter

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/gallery/2020/jun/16/
black-lives-matter-a-photographers-view-from-the-london-protests

 

https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/gallery/2016/aug/05/
black-lives-matter-uk-rally-in-three-cities-in-pictures

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Black Britain matters

 

https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/series/
black-britain-matters

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Black Britons

 

https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2021/jul/30/
look-at-how-they-treat-us-black-britons-despair-of-police-reform

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

colorism

 

https://www.youtube.com/
watch?v=i3rEZnxOWcw - video - G - 8 April 2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

UK > racism        UK / USA

 

2021

 

https://www.theguardian.com/news/audio/2021/nov/16/
azeem-rafiqs-long-battle-to-expose-racism-at-yorkshire-cricket-club

 

https://www.theguardian.com/culture/2021/aug/21/
david-harewood-homeland-racism-psychosis-close-to-death

 

 

 

 

2020

 

https://www.theguardian.com/news/audio/2020/dec/23/
how-lewis-hamilton-became-one-of-the-uks-top-sports-stars-and-activists

 

https://www.theguardian.com/news/audio/2020/nov/24/
racism-within-the-windrush-compensation-scheme

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/10/15/
movies/white-riot-review.html

 

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2020/jul/26/
racism-making-us-ill-prejudice

 

https://www.theguardian.com/education/2020/jul/23/
reliving-experiences-of-racism-in-uk-education

 

https://www.theguardian.com/news/audio/2020/jul/23/
the-shocking-truth-of-racism-in-british-schools

 

https://www.theguardian.com/football/audio/2020/jun/10/
black-lives-matter-racism-in-football-and-representation-in-sports-media-football-weekly-special

 

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2020/jun/07/
britain-is-not-america-but-we-too-are-disfigured-by-deep-and-pervasive-racism

 

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2020/jun/03/
racism-george-floyd-britain-america-uk-black-people

 

 

 

 

2019

 

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/dec/20/
south-asia-racism-testimonies-hostility

 

https://www.theguardian.com/education/2019/jul/05/
uk-universities-condemned-for-failure-to-tackle-racism

 

https://www.theguardian.com/education/2019/jul/05/
a-demeaning-environment-stories-of-racism-in-uk-universities

 

https://www.theguardian.com/news/audio/2019/apr/16/
is-english-football-racism-taken-seriously-podcast

 

https://www.theguardian.com/news/audio/2019/feb/22/
racism-britain-macpherson-report-stephen-lawrence-murder-inquiry-metropolitan-police

 

 

 

 

2018

 

https://www.theguardian.com/film/2018/dec/20/
steve-mcqueen-i-experience-racism-every-day

 

https://www.theguardian.com/news/audio/2018/dec/04/
bias-in-britain-the-truth-about-modern-racism

 

https://www.youtube.com/
watch?v=A-Y5zvnDxsI - G - 26 October 2018

 

 

 

 

2017

 

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2017/feb/14/
racism-misogyny-politics-online-abuse-minorities

 

 

 

 

2016

 

http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2016/jul/02/
brexit-triggers-racism-climate-of-fear

 

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2016/jul/01/
brexit-racism-radio-show-immigrants

 

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/video/2016/jun/30/
racism-brexit-eu-referendum-video

 

http://www.theguardian.com/higher-education-network/2016/feb/04/
racism-in-universities-there-is-a-sense-your-face-doesnt-fit

 

http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/video/2016/jan/13/
marlon-james-are-you-racist-video

 

 

 

 

2015

 

http://www.theguardian.com/science/2015/mar/01/
racism-science-human-genomes-darwin

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

police racism / institutional racism in police forces

 

https://www.theguardian.com/news/audio/2019/feb/22/
racism-britain-macpherson-report-stephen-lawrence-murder-inquiry-metropolitan-police

 

 

 

 

http://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2014/mar/07/
lawrence-revelations-institutional-racism-met-police

 

 

 

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/politics/2012/apr/19/
brian-paddick-police-racism

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2012/apr/19/
metropolitan-police-accused-racism-firefighter

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2012/apr/06/
metropolitan-police-warned-racism

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/apr/06/
police-racism-claims-met-bosses

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2012/apr/06/
police-northernireland

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2012/apr/05/
scotland-yard-allegations-of-racism

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2012/apr/06/
editorial-police-racism-social-capital

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2012/apr/05/
metropolitan-police-race-allegations-mount

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2012/apr/05/
scotland-yard-allegations-of-racism

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/video/2012/apr/05/
teenager-alleged-police-brutality-video

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/video/2012/apr/03/
metropolitan-police-bernard-hogan-howe-racism-video

 

 

 

 

http://www.theguardian.com/uk/2004/jun/13/uk
crime.race

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

tackle racism

 

https://www.theguardian.com/education/2019/jul/05/
uk-universities-condemned-for-failure-to-tackle-racism

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

experience racism

 

https://www.theguardian.com/film/2018/dec/20/
steve-mcqueen-i-experience-racism-every-day

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

every day racism

 

https://www.youtube.com/
watch?v=uZUvjAJGFkM

 

http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/video/2015/mar/18/
everyday-racism-what-should-we-do

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

racism in Britain

 

http://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2014/may/27/
-sp-racism-on-rise-in-britain

 

http://www.theguardian.com/society/2014/may/27/
welsh-youngsters-rethink-racism-think-project

 

 

 

 

UK > Rock Againt Racism        USA

http://lens.blogs.nytimes.com/2016/08/22/
the-radical-british-musicians-who-fought-racism-with-rock/

 

 

 

 

racial bias

https://www.theguardian.com/law/2018/oct/13/
racial-bias-police-stop-and-search-policy-black-people-report

 

 

 

 

unconscious bias

https://www.theguardian.com/news/audio/2018/dec/04/
bias-in-britain-the-truth-about-modern-racism

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

hatred

https://www.youtube.com/
watch?v=A-Y5zvnDxsI - G - 26 October 2018

 

 

 

 

UK > hatred        USA

http://lens.blogs.nytimes.com/2016/08/22/
the-radical-british-musicians-who-fought-racism-with-rock/

 

 

 

 

racist abuse / hate crime

https://www.theguardian.com/global/video/2016/jul/01/
what-can-you-do-if-you-witness-racist-abuse-video

 

 

 

 

racist abuse

https://www.theguardian.com/news/audio/2020/jul/23/
the-shocking-truth-of-racism-in-british-schools

 

https://www.theguardian.com/news/audio/2019/apr/16/
is-english-football-racism-taken-seriously-podcast

 

 

 

 

white nationalist organisations on Facebook > hate campaign

https://www.theguardian.com/news/audio/2020/jul/13/
tech-reporter-julia-carrie-wong-on-becoming-the-target-of-a-hate-campaign

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

racism in universities

 

http://www.theguardian.com/higher-education-network/2016/feb/04/
racism-in-universities-there-is-a-sense-your-face-doesnt-fit

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

racism in British schools

 

https://www.theguardian.com/news/audio/2020/jul/23/
the-shocking-truth-of-racism-in-british-schools

 

http://www.theguardian.com/education/2004/sep/12/
schools.uk 

 

http://www.theguardian.com/uk/2004/sep/07/
education.politics 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

UK > racism > racist > soccer / football        UK / USA

 

https://www.theguardian.com/news/audio/2019/apr/16/i
s-english-football-racism-taken-seriously-podcast

 

http://www.theguardian.com/football/2015/feb/18/
racist-chelsea-fans-push-black-man-paris-metro

 

http://www.theguardian.com/football/2013/sep/27/
sol-campbell-racism-england-manager

 

http://www.theguardian.com/football/2013/sep/27/
sol-campbell-racism-manager-arsenal

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/12/22/
sports/soccer/in-england-star-players-accused-of-racist-comments.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

racism at football grounds

 

http://www.theguardian.com/uk/2004/sep/25/
race.football 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Black Lives Matter,

racism in football

and representation in sports media

 

https://www.theguardian.com/football/audio/2020/jun/10/
black-lives-matter-racism-in-football-and-representation-in-sports-media-football-weekly-special

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

racism in Northern Ireland

 

http://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2014/jun/12/
racism-northern-ireland-couple-tell-abuse-belfast

 

http://www.theguardian.com/uk/2004/jan/10/
northernireland.race

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commission for Racial Equality > 'stealth racism'

 

http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2006/nov/27/
immigrationpolicy.thefarright 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

inter-racial violence in schools

 

http://www.theguardian.com/uk/2006/jun/04/
race.schools

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

racial tensions

 

https://www.theguardian.com/society/2016/aug/18/
human-rights-watchdog-urgent-action-deep-rooted-inequality

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

racial prejudice

 

http://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2014/may/27/
racism-in-uk-can-we-measure-racial-prejudice

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

racist

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/jan/17/
forty-years-on-from-the-new-cross-fire-what-has-changed-for-black-britons

 

 

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2020/jun/15/
racists-england-diverse-multiracial

 

https://www.theguardian.com/news/audio/2020/jun/11/
britains-reckoning-with-its-racist-past

 

 

 

 

https://www.youtube.com/
watch?v=A-Y5zvnDxsI
video - G - 26 October 2018

 

 

 

 

http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/video/2016/jan/13/
marlon-james-are-you-racist-video

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

racist society

 

http://www.theguardian.com/education/2014/feb/10/
stuart-hall-cultural-legacy-britain-godfather-multiculturalism

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

be killed in a racist ambush

 

http://www.theguardian.com/uk/2006/jul/28/
race.ukcrime

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

race riots in Birmingham        2005

 

https://www.theguardian.com/uk/2006/may/22/ukcrime.race 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/uk/2005/nov/29/race.world 

http://www.theguardian.com/uk/2005/oct/23/race.ukcrime  

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/england/west_midlands/4368636.stm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

race / race issues

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/race 

 

 

http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2015/apr/20/
britain-criminally-stupid-race-immigration

 

http://www.theguardian.com/science/2015/mar/01/
racism-science-human-genomes-darwin

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

race in the UK

https://www.theguardian.com/society/2004/feb/06/
mentalhealth.politics 

 

 

 

 

mixed race

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2012/dec/15/
britain-grow-up-mixed-race 

 

 

 

 

Mixed race Britain: charting the social history        2011

 

While mixed race

is one of the fastest-growing

ethnic groups in the UK,

there is nothing new

in people from different cultures

getting together

http://www.guardian.co.uk/society/2011/oct/04/
mixed-race-britain-social-history

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

race relations

 

http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2007/apr/16/
comment.homeaffairs 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Asian people in the UK / Asian Britain

 

http://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2013/nov/06/
britains-asian-past-longer-than-think

 

http://www.theguardian.com/society/gallery/2013/nov/06/
asian-britain-photographic-history-immigration

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Oldham race riots        2001

 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2001_Oldham_riots

 

 

http://www.theguardian.com/uk/2006/may/25/race.communities 

 

http://www.theguardian.com/society/2006/may/21/communities.farright

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Mangrove Nine

were a group of British black activists

tried for inciting a riot at a protest,

in 1970,

against the police targeting

of the Mangrove Restaurant,

Notting Hill, in west London.

 

Their trial lasted 55 days

and involved various challenges

by the Nine

to the legitimacy

of the judicial process.

 

They were all acquitted

of the most serious charges

and the trial became

the first judicial

acknowledgement of behaviour

motivated by racial hatred

within the Metropolitan Police.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mangrove_Nine - 3 October 2020

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/nov/28/
daughters-of-the-mangrove-nine-protest-trial-steve-mcqueen

 

https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2020/nov/27/
racisms-still-around-notting-hill-50-years-on-from-mangrove

 

https://www.theguardian.com/culture/2020/oct/03/
steve-mcqueen-our-marlon-brandos-are-on-building-sites-or-driving-buses

 

https://www.theguardian.com/film/2020/sep/25/
mangrove-review-racial-prejudice-steve-mcqueen-small-axe

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/jan/06/
british-black-power-from-shrug-to-school-syllabus-in-six-short-years

 

https://www.theguardian.com/law/2010/nov/29/
mangrove-nine-40th-anniversary

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

David Oluwale        1969

 

http://www.theguardian.com/society/2007/may/30/
immigrationasylumandrefugees.asylum 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Race Relations Act        1968

 

https://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/1968/71/enacted 

https://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/1968/71/contents/enacted 

 

 

http://www.theguardian.com/politics/1968/nov/26/
past.fromthearchive

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

First Race Relations Act    1965

 

The Race Relations Act 1965

was the first piece of legislation

in the UK to address

the prohibition

of racial discrimination

and followed

previously unsuccessful bills.

 

The Act banned

racial discrimination in public places

and made the promotion of hatred

on the grounds of

‘colour, race, or ethnic or national origins’

an offence.

 

The Bill

received Royal Assent

on 8 November 1965,

and came into force

a month later

on 8 December 1965.

https://www.parliament.uk/about/living-heritage/transformingsociety/
private-lives/relationships/collections1/race-relations-act-1965/race-relations-act-1965/

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/society/2020/oct/01/
paul-stephenson-the-hero-who-refused-to-leave-a-pub-and-helped-desegregate-britain

 

https://www.parliament.uk/about/living-heritage/transformingsociety/
private-lives/relationships/collections1/race-relations-act-1965/race-relations-act-1965/ 

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/parallels/2018/04/20/
603884872/an-anti-immigration-speech-divided-britain-50-years-ago-it-still-echoes-today

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Britain’s discrimination laws

 

In 1964

it was legal in the UK to refuse service

on the basis of someone’s skin colour

– and black and Asian people

found themselves turned away

not just from pubs but from working men’s clubs

– and even from housing and jobs.

https://www.theguardian.com/society/2020/oct/01/
paul-stephenson-the-hero-who-refused-to-leave-a-pub-and-helped-desegregate-britain

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/society/2020/oct/01/
paul-stephenson-the-hero-who-refused-to-leave-a-pub-and-helped-desegregate-britain

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

race divisions in Birmingham        1965

 

https://www.theguardian.com/uk/1965/oct/26/
race.world  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

racialist

 

https://www.theguardian.com/uk/2003/apr/20/
race.world

 

https://www.theguardian.com/uk/1968/apr/22/
race.past

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

racial integration

 

http://www.theguardian.com/society/2005/nov/15/
communities.britishidentityandsociety

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

racial inequality

https://www.theguardian.com/news/audio/2021/apr/06/
why-the-governments-race-report-sparked-a-furious-backlash-podcast

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

segregation

 

http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2016/may/23/
segregation-britain-oldham-riots-communities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

segregated

 

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/may/23/
britain-more-segregated-15-years-race-expert-riots-ted-cantle

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Enoch Powell    1912-1998

 

'rivers of blood' speech - April 20 1968

 

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2020/dec/12/
how-did-enoch-powell-a-man-with-no-shame-come-to-haunt-our-times

https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2008/feb/24/race 

 

http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2001/mar/28/uk.
race  

 

http://www.theguardian.com/uk/1968/apr/22/
race.past

http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/april/20/
newsid_2489000/2489357.stm - 20 April 1968

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Islamophobic attacks

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Linton Kwesi Johnson

 

 http://hjem.get2net.dk/sbn/lkj/lkj.htm

 

 

Night number one was in Brixton

Sofrano B sound system

'im was a-beatin' up the riddim with a fire

'im comin' down his reggae reggae wire

It was a sound checkin' down your spinal column

A bad music tearin' up your flesh

An' the rebels dem start a fighting

De youth dem just tun wild, it's

War amongs' the rebels

Madness, madness, war

 

Linton Kwesi Johnson - 5 Nights of Bleeding

http://hjem.get2net.dk/sbn/lkj/lkj.htm

 

 

 

 

 

Benjamin Zephaniah

 

http://www.theguardian.com/books/2003/nov/27/
poetry.monarchy 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Joy Angelia Gardner (née Burke)    1953-1993

 

http://www.theguardian.com/uk/2001/may/23/
immigration.immigrationandpublicservices3
 

http://www.theguardian.com/film/2001/mar/30/
features 

 

http://www.theguardian.com/uk/1999/feb/26/
lawrence.ukcrime4

https://www.theguardian.com/celldeaths/article/
0,2763,195387,00.html 

 

 

 

 

Joy Gardner > Benjamin Zephaniah

The Death of Joy Gardner

(from 'Propa Propaganda')

 

"They put a leather belt around her

13 feet of tape and bound her

Handcuffs to secure her

And only God knows what else,

She's illegal, so deport her

Said the Empire that brought her

She died,

Nobody killed her

And she never killed herself.

It is our job to make her

Return to Jamaica

Said the Alien Deporters

Who deports people like me,

It was said she had a warning

That the officers were calling

On that deadly July morning

As her young son watched TV."

https://benjaminzephaniah.com/ 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Brixton riots    1981 and 1995

 

http://www.theguardian.com/uk/2004/dec/10/ukcrime.prisonsandprobation2 

http://www.theguardian.com/news/2004/dec/10/guardianobituaries.obituaries 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/uk/1981/apr/19/race.world1 

 

http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/april/11/newsid_2523000/2523907.stm

http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/november/25/newsid_2546000/2546233.stm

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/timelines/england/pwar_brixton_toxteth_riots.shtml

http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/december/13/newsid_2559000/2559341.stm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Corpus of news articles

 

Race relations > UK, British empire

 

Racism

 

 

 

Racism Charges

Put a Sport on Edge

 

December 21, 2011

The New York Times

By JERÉ LONGMAN

 

John Terry, captain of England’s national soccer team and the powerful club Chelsea, faces a criminal charge over accusations that he made a racial slur during an October match, apparently becoming the first player to be prosecuted for remarks said on the field.

The accusation against Terry, which he denied, represents an escalation in the attempt to stem the persistent and widespread problem of racism in European soccer.

On Tuesday, the Uruguayan forward Luis Suárez, who plays for Liverpool of the English Premier League, was suspended for eight matches and fined about $63,000 for making abusive remarks in an October game toward Patrice Evra, a black defender from France who plays for Manchester United.

On Wednesday, the Crown Prosecution Service, the agency responsible for laying criminal charges, said it had charged Terry.

Antiracism officials said they were encouraged by the actions taken against Terry and Suárez. But they cautioned that international soccer had lately sent mixed messages about discrimination despite a campaign over the past five years to reduce racial smears made on the field and in the stands. Fans in some European countries have been known to throw bananas and peanuts, and direct monkey chants, toward black players.

Sepp Blatter, the embattled president of FIFA, soccer’s world governing body, was widely criticized last month after trying to minimize the extent of racism on the field and suggesting that any player who felt affronted should settle the matter with a postgame handshake.

The Terry and Suárez cases represent “a very important step that sends two messages,” said Lord Herman Ouseley, chairman of the London-based antidiscrimination organization called Kick It Out. “If you are inclined to behave like that, you are not going to get away with it,” he said. “And it’s encouraging to black players, who have often felt, ‘Why bother, it’s a waste of time.’ Most thought nothing would come out of these allegations.”

At the same time, Ouseley said in a telephone interview that he would withhold judgment on English soccer’s long-term determination to stamp out racism until Terry’s case played out through the judiciary and Suárez decided whether to appeal his ban by England’s soccer federation, known as the Football Association. He has 14 days to file an appeal.

“We will have to wait and see whether there is consistency and durability in application of a high standard of conduct, backed by strong investigation and discipline with penalties, or whether this is a one-off, and we go back to leniency and complacency,” Ouseley said.

The English Premier League is considered the world’s best club competition and features many of the top international players. Two-thirds are foreign-born. Racial sensitivity in the league has increased substantially in recent years, and the atmosphere is considered far more embracing than leagues in Spain and Italy. Yet, the Terry and Suárez cases indicate that English officials are still troubled by some abusive on-the-field behavior.

Terry, who is 31, appears to be the first player to face a criminal charge of racism, said Ouseley and Howard Holmes, founder of another London-based antidiscrimination group called Football Unites, Racism Divides.

“I can’t find any other case where the police were involved,” Holmes said in a telephone interview. “There have been a number of instances that have gone to court, but they’ve been fan-based.”

Terry, who is white, is accused of making a racist remark during an October match toward Anton Ferdinand, a black defender who plays for Queens Park Rangers, a London rival of Chelsea.

A hearing for Terry is scheduled for Feb. 1. He is charged with violating Britain’s Crime and Disorder Act (of) 1998, which focuses on antisocial behavior. If found guilty, the maximum fine he faces is about $4,000, but a conviction could cost Terry the captaincy of his club and national team, his reputation and his ability to earn endorsement money.

“I am satisfied there is sufficient evidence for a realistic prospect of conviction and it is in the public interest to prosecute this case,” Alison Saunders, London’s chief crown prosecutor, said in a statement.

Terry has denied the charge, saying the context of his remarks was misunderstood. He said in a statement Wednesday, “I have never aimed a racist remark at anyone and count people from all races and creeds among my closest friends.”

According to The Guardian newspaper of London, Ferdinand did not immediately realize what Terry had said to him during the October match. Rather, Ferdinand grew concerned later when the encounter between the two players drew widespread attention on social media sites. He later saw footage of the confrontation that had been posted on the Internet.

Terry has said that he thought Ferdinand was accusing him of making a racial slur during their encounter and responded to Ferdinand by saying he would never use such a term.

The situation is complicated because Ferdinand’s brother, Rio, is a partner of Terry’s in central defense for England’s national team. And it was Rio Ferdinand who scathingly challenged Blatter’s suggestions last month that players should resolve racial tensions with handshakes. Via Twitter, Rio Ferdinand, who plays with Evra for Manchester United, called Blatter’s remarks “condescending” and “almost laughable.”

Blatter was widely ridiculed and Hugh Robertson, the British sports minister, urged him to resign. Blatter declined to step down but said he regretted his remarks and promised “zero tolerance” of racist behavior in soccer. A FIFA campaign against racism began at the 2006 World Cup in Germany.

The widespread reaction against Blatter’s remarks in England, as well as the social media response to the Terry incident, undoubtedly influenced the Suárez suspension and the decision to prosecute Terry, said Holmes, the antidiscrimination official.

“We can’t adopt a holier-than-thou attitude and, when it’s in our backyard, wash our hands of it,” Holmes said.

Suárez, the Liverpool forward, was accused of using a racial term 10 times against Evra in an October match against Manchester United. Suárez has said that he did not realize that language that was acceptable in his native Uruguay was considered racist in England.

“I understand the point about cultural differences,” Gordon Taylor, chief executive of the union for England’s professional soccer players, told British reporters Wednesday. “But if you come to this country, all players have to abide by not just the laws of the game, but the laws of the land as well.”

Liverpool has vigorously defended Suárez. During warm-ups for their match against Wigan on Wednesday, his teammates wore white T-shirts with an image of Suárez on the front and his name and his number, 7, on the back.
 

Rob Hughes contributed reporting from London.

Racism Charges Put a Sport on Edge,
NYT,
21.12.2011,
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/12/22/sports/soccer/
in-england-star-players-accused-of-racist-comments.html

 

 

 

 

 

April 22, 1968

 

Enoch Powell dismissed

for 'racialist' speech

 

From the Guardian archive

 

Monday April 22, 1968

Guardian

Ian Aitken

 

Mr Heath last night dismissed Mr Enoch Powell from the Shadow Cabinet. It became clear that the members of Mr Heath's Shadow Cabinet were unanimous that Mr Powell would have to go. Several Front Bench members let it be known that they would resign if Mr Powell remained. Two of the leading figures in the drama appear to have been Mr Maudling, deputy leader of the party, and Mr Hogg, chief home affairs spokesman. Both are understood to have been appalled by Mr Powell's inflammatory speech.

Certainly there were intensive consultations between members of the Shadow Cabinet and between many of them and Mr Heath. By the end of the afternoon it must have been apparent that Mr Heath would receive the full support of his colleagues if he dismissed Mr Powell. It was emphasised, however, that the decision to dismiss Mr Powell belonged to Mr Heath personally. He appears to have spent most of the day at Broadstairs brooding on the situation created by Mr Powell's highly emotive speech on the Race elations Bill, and to have telephoned Mr Powell at Wolverhampton at about 9pm.

A statement issued by Mr Heath said: "I have told Mr Powell that I consider the speech he made in Birmingham yesterday to have been racialist in tone and liable to exacerbate racial tensions. This is unacceptable from one of the leaders of the Conservative Party."

Friends of Mr Heath insisted that this was a decision which could not be delayed once it had been reached. The sense of relief expressed by several of My Heath's colleagues late last night underlined this point.

But there is no doubt that a major factor in making up Mr Heath's mind was the certainty of a further 24 hours of unfavourable press comment - even from normally Conservative newspapers.

Mr Powell is certain to receive the impassioned support of Right-wing Tories for his expression of views on the race question which are widely popular among sections of the electorate. As one Tory MP put it last night, with an eye to public opinion: "You could call him Mr National Opinion Powell."

[Powell said Commonwealth immigration policy must be "mad, literally mad", adding: "It is like watching a nation busily engaged in heaping up its own funeral pyre" and "Like the Roman, I seem to see the River Tiber foaming with much blood."]

From the Guardian archive,
Enoch Powell dismissed for 'racialist' speech,
April 22, 1968,
G,
Republished 22.4.2006,
https://www.theguardian.com/news/1968/apr/22/
mainsection.ianaitken

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > Vocapedia

 

UK > race relations > Black people, white people

 

 

economy > slavery > 21st century

 

 

slavery, eugenics,

race relations, racism, civil rights,

apartheid

 

 

immigration > UK

 

 

stabbing / knife crime

 

 

feelings, emotions, mindset > hate, hatred, bigotry

 

 

 

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