Les anglonautes

About | Search | Grammar | Vocapedia | Learning | News podcasts | Videos | History | Arts | Science | Translate and listen

 Previous Home Up Next

 

Vocapedia > Technology > Internet > Social media

 

Fake news, Hoaxes, Lies, Disinformation, Misinformation, Influence attacks

 

 

 

 

Jeff Stahler

political cartoon

GoComics

September 23, 2020

https://www.gocomics.com/jeffstahler/2020/09/23

 

President Donald Trump

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

hoax, hoaxes        USA

 

https://www.npr.org/2020/01/26/
799629262/new-podcast-targets-the-crap-on-whatsapp

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Illustration: Stephen Savage

 

How Fiction Becomes Fact on Social Media

NYT

OCT. 20, 2017

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/10/20/
health/social-media-fake-news.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Why the 5G coronavirus conspiracy theory is false        Video        G        1 May 2020

 

 

 

 

Why the 5G coronavirus conspiracy theory is false        Video        G        1 May 2020

 

Conspiracy theories linking 5G technology to coronavirus

have resulted in dozens of phone masts across the UK

being vandalised in recent weeks.

 

Theories about the dangers of 5G had already been circulating,

despite regulators confirming

that the radiation levels of the new technology

are well within safe boundaries.

 

So how did the conspiracy incorrectly linking it to 5G start?

And is 5G really dangerous?

We explain why 5G has nothing to do with Covid-19

 

YouTube

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f279f-Y-O-w

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

How to Fight Fake News on Vaccines        NYT        11 December 2019

 

 

 

 

How to Fight Fake News on Vaccines        Video        NYT Opinion        11 December 2019

 

We’ll need more than facts

to fight medical misinformation.

 

In 2019,

measles cases in the U.S. have been on the rise,

much of it driven by false claims

about the safety of the vaccine.

 

In the Video Op-Ed above,

a cancer researcher, David Robert Grimes,

confronts the rising trend of medical misinformation.

 

From herbal remedies for cancer

to vaccination horror stories,

fake medical news is spreading fast on social media.

 

The effects can be severe,

with anti-vaccination movements partly responsible

for the resurgence of measles and other preventable illnesses.

 

In 2015, an anti-vaccination campaign in Ireland

caused a sudden fall in the number of HPV vaccines administered,

given to young girls and boys to prevent cervical cancer.

 

Dr. Grimes tells the story of how,

with the help of a remarkable woman named Laura Brennan,

they were able to reverse the trend,

and what countries like the United States

can learn in their fight against medical misinformation.

 

YouTube

https://www.youtube.com/
watch?v=y7Tc3eR4nH4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

on social media        USA

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/01/07/
us/politics/trump-allies-congress.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

social media posts        USA

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/01/07/
us/politics/trump-allies-congress.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

truth        UK

 

https://www.theguardian.com/media/2016/jul/12/
how-technology-disrupted-the-truth

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

India > fake stories        USA

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/07/17/
629896525/how-the-spread-of-fake-stories-in-india-has-led-to-violence

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

fake  news        UK

 

https://www.theguardian.com/news/audio/2020/mar/25/
going-viral-fake-news-and-covid-19

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/mar/10/
nhs-plan-combat-coronavirus-fake-news

 

https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2017/mar/22/
facebook-fact-checking-tool-fake-news

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 facial fakery        USA

 

https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2020/11/21/
science/artificial-intelligence-fake-people-faces.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

fiction        USA

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/10/20/
health/social-media-fake-news.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

lie        USA

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/01/06/
opinion/trump-lies-free-speech.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/05/28/
opinion/twitter-trump-scarborough.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

claim        USA

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/04/03/
opinion/sunday/coronavirus-fake-news.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

debunked claims about N        USA

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/coronavirus-live-updates/2020/12/03/
942155653/facebook-bans-debunked-claims-about-covid-vaccines

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

make up        USA

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/04/27/
606393983/wikipedia-founder-says-internet-users-are-adrift-in-the-fake-news-era

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

social media > social-media fiction

fake news / misinformation, fake / misleading stories, fake news stories        UK

 

https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2021/feb/08/
facebook-bans-vaccine-misinformation

 

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2021/feb/08/
fake-news-facts-facebook-twitter-fox-news-democracy

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

social media > social-media fiction

fake news / misinformation, fake / misleading stories / narratives, fake news stories        USA

 

https://www.npr.org/2021/03/25/
980035707/lying-through-truth-misleading-facts-fuel-vaccine-misinformation

 

https://www.npr.org/2021/02/10/
965839888/twitters-birdwatch-aims-to-crowdsource-fight-against-misinformation

 

 

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/12/14/
opinion/trump-voter-fraud-education.html

 

https://www.propublica.org/article/
trump-won-florida-after-running-a-false-ad-tying-biden-to-venezuelan-socialists - Nov. 12, 2020

 

https://www.npr.org/2020/10/12/
923002012/facebook-bans-holocaust-denial-reversing-earlier-policy

 

https://www.npr.org/2020/09/29/
917725209/russia-doesn-t-have-to-make-fake-news-biggest-election-threat-is-closer-to-home

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/04/30/
technology/trump-coronavirus-social-media.html

 

https://www.npr.org/2020/04/24/
843463707/sun-rays-disinfectants-and-false-hopes-misinformation-litters-the-road-to-reopen

 

https://www.youtube.com/
watch?v=y7Tc3eR4nH4 - NYT - 11 December 2019

 

https://www.npr.org/2019/10/29/
774541010/fake-news-is-scary-heres-how-to-spot-misinformation

 

 

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/10/19/
opinion/facebook-twitter-journalism-misinformation.html

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/09/02/
643761979/president-trumps-description-of-whats-fake-is-expanding

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/04/27/
606393983/wikipedia-founder-says-internet-users-are-adrift-in-the-fake-news-era

 

 

 

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2017/05/12/
526687362/fake-medical-news-can-now-be-fact-checked-in-india

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/alltechconsidered/2017/10/29/
560461835/how-russian-propaganda-spreads-on-social-media

 

http://www.npr.org/2017/10/29/
560569373/are-social-media-sites-doing-enough-to-combat-rumors-and-false-news

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/alltechconsidered/2017/07/14/
537154304/computer-scientists-demonstrate-the-potential-for-faking-video

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/alltechconsidered/2017/04/03/
522503844/how-russian-twitter-bots-pumped-out-fake-news-during-the-2016-election

 

 

 

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/ed/2017/03/20/
520845007/the-earth-is-flat-check-wikipedia

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/alltechconsidered/2017/01/25/
511641939/facebook-tweaks-its-trending-topics-algorithm-to-better-reflect-real-news

 

 

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/12/25/us/
politics/fake-news-claims-conservatives-mainstream-media-.html

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/ed/2016/12/22/
505432340/the-classroom-where-fake-news-fails

 

http://www.npr.org/2016/12/14/
505547295/fake-news-expert-on-how-false-stories-spread-and-why-people-believe-them

 

http://www.npr.org/2016/12/07/
504723649/what-legal-recourse-do-victims-of-fake-news-stories-have

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/12/07/
504676327/weather-channel-tells-breitbart-not-to-use-its-content-to-mislead-on-climate-cha

 

http://www.npr.org/2016/12/07/
504622630/megyn-kelly-on-trump-and-the-media-were-in-a-dangerous-phase-right-now

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/alltechconsidered/2016/12/05/
503581220/fake-or-real-how-to-self-check-the-news-and-get-the-facts

 

https://www.theguardian.com/media/2016/dec/02/
fake-news-facebook-us-election-around-the-world

 

http://www.gocomics.com/brian-mcfadden/2016/11/29

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/11/23/
503129818/study-finds-students-have-dismaying-inability-to-tell-fake-news-from-real

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/alltechconsidered/2016/11/23/
503146770/npr-finds-the-head-of-a-covert-fake-news-operation-in-the-suburbs

 

http://www.npr.org/2016/11/20/
502770866/ex-head-of-twitter-news-social-media-companies-alone-shouldn-t-regulate-fake-new

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/11/20/
opinion/sunday/facebook-and-the-digital-virus-called-fake-news.html

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/11/19/
502692075/misinformation-on-facebook-zuckerberg-lists-ways-of-fighting-fake-news

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/11/18/
world/europe/obama-angela-merkel-donald-trump.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/11/18/
technology/fake-news-on-facebook-in-foreign-elections-thats-not-new.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

India > fake medical news        USA

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2017/05/12/
526687362/fake-medical-news-can-now-be-fact-checked-in-india

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

false claims        UK

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/apr/10/
tech-giants-struggle-stem-infodemic-false-coronavirus-claims

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

false claims        USA

 

https://www.npr.org/2020/08/13/
901915537/top-facebook-official-our-aim-is-to-make-lying-on-the-platform-more-difficult

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

falsehoods        USA

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/05/20/
technology/plandemic-movie-youtube-facebook-coronavirus.html

 

https://www.youtube.com/
watch?v=y7Tc3eR4nH4
video - NYT - 11 December 2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

false information        USA

 

https://www.propublica.org/article/
trump-won-florida-after-running-a-false-ad-tying-biden-to-venezuelan-socialists - Nov. 12, 2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

false tweets        USA

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/05/26/
us/politics/klausutis-letter-jack-dorsey.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

fallacies        USA

 

https://www.npr.org/2021/03/25/
980035707/lying-through-truth-misleading-facts-fuel-vaccine-misinformation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

misleading, disputed or unverified tweets

about the coronavirus        USA

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/coronavirus-live-updates/2020/05/11/
853886052/twitter-to-label-potentially-harmful-coronavirus-tweets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

spread        USA

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/alltechconsidered/2017/10/29/
560461835/how-russian-propaganda-spreads-on-social-media

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

spread        USA

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/07/17/
629896525/how-the-spread-of-fake-stories-in-india-has-led-to-violence

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Synthesizing Obama: Learning Lip Sync from Audio        11 July 2017

 

 

 

 

Synthesizing Obama: Learning Lip Sync from Audio        Video        Supasorn Suwajanakorn        11 July 2017

YouTube

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9Yq67CjDqvw

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

live video > Facebook, YouTube        USA

 

https://www.npr.org/2020/11/10/
933235773/from-steve-bannon-to-millennial-millie-facebook-youtube-struggle-with-live-video

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

fake news videos        USA

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/alltechconsidered/2017/07/14/
537154304/computer-scientists-demonstrate-the-potential-for-faking-video

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Facebook > real news        USA

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/alltechconsidered/2017/01/25/
511641939/facebook-tweaks-its-trending-topics-algorithm-to-better-reflect-real-news

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Twitter > "rogue" accounts        USA

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/alltechconsidered/2017/01/27/
512007632/its-not-just-the-park-service-rogue-federal-twitter-accounts-multiply

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

a widely circulated blog post about the coronavirus        USA

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/04/03/
opinion/sunday/coronavirus-fake-news.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

fabricated facts        USA

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/13.7/2017/05/03/
526685311/is-do-it-yourself-fact-checking-the-future

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

false information        USA

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/13.7/2017/05/01/
526363506/can-repeating-false-information-help-people-remember-true-information

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

debunk        USA

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/coronavirus-live-updates/2020/12/03/
942155653/facebook-bans-debunked-claims-about-covid-vaccines

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/04/03/
opinion/sunday/coronavirus-fake-news.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

false stories        USA

 

https://www.npr.org/2020/09/03/
909118036/facebook-sets-new-policies-to-prevent-efforts-to-undermine-2020-elections

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/alltechconsidered/2018/03/12/
592885660/can-you-believe-it-on-twitter-false-stories-are-shared-more-widely-than-true-one

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

spread false stories        USA

 

https://www.npr.org/2020/09/03/
909118036/facebook-sets-new-policies-to-prevent-efforts-to-undermine-2020-elections

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

online misinformation        USA

 

https://www.npr.org/2021/03/25/
981203566/5-takeaways-from-big-techs-misinformation-hearing

 

https://www.npr.org/2021/03/25/
980035707/lying-through-truth-misleading-facts-fuel-vaccine-misinformation

 

https://www.npr.org/2021/01/19/
958189841/ken-burns-says-u-s-has-3-viruses-covid-19-white-supremacy-and-misinformation

 

 

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/12/14/
opinion/trump-voter-fraud-education.html

 

https://www.npr.org/2020/12/10/
944408988/the-perfect-storm-how-coronavirus-spread-vaccine-misinformation-to-the-mainstrea

 

https://www.propublica.org/article/
trump-won-florida-after-running-a-false-ad-tying-biden-to-venezuelan-socialists - Nov. 12, 2020

 

https://www.npr.org/2020/11/10/
933235773/from-steve-bannon-to-millennial-millie-facebook-youtube-struggle-with-live-video

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/10/23/
opinion/truth-media-teach-young.html

 

https://www.gocomics.com/jeffstahler/2020/09/23

 

https://www.npr.org/2020/10/12/
923002012/facebook-bans-holocaust-denial-reversing-earlier-policy

 

https://www.npr.org/2020/09/29/
917725209/russia-doesn-t-have-to-make-fake-news-biggest-election-threat-is-closer-to-home

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/09/22/
technology/this-misinformation-was-coming-from-inside-the-house.html

 

https://www.npr.org/2020/09/15/
913126669/facebook-vp-nick-clegg-on-new-climate-change-information-hub

 

 

 

 

https://www.npr.org/2019/10/29/
774541010/fake-news-is-scary-heres-how-to-spot-misinformation

 

https://www.npr.org/2019/03/07/
701358833/facebook-vows-to-quash-anti-vaccine-misinformation

 

 

 

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/13.7/2017/05/01/
526363506/can-repeating-false-information-help-people-remember-true-information

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

medical misinformation        USA

 

https://www.youtube.com/
watch?v=y7Tc3eR4nH4 - NYT - 11 December 2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

spread misinformation about N        USA

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/alltechconsidered/2017/10/03/
555320532/facebook-google-spread-misinformation-about-las-vegas-shooting-what-went-wrong

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The New York Times > Daily Distortions        USA

Tracking Viral Misinformation

 

Every day,

Times reporters will chronicle and debunk

false and misleading information

that is going viral online.

 

https://www.nytimes.com/live/2020/
2020-election-misinformation-distortions

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

WhatsApp

 

user base of 2 billion people

https://www.theguardian.com/news/audio/2021/jan/29/
whats-up-with-whatsapp-why-millions-users-shifting-new-platforms-podcast

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/technology/whatsapp

 

 

https://www.npr.org/2020/10/24/
927487143/a-bilingual-tool-that-fights-misinformation-on-whatsapp

 

https://www.npr.org/2020/01/26/
799629262/new-podcast-targets-the-crap-on-whatsapp

 

 

 

 

https://www.npr.org/2019/01/22/
687439015/whatsapp-tries-to-curb-spread-of-misinformation-by-limiting-message-forwarding

 

 

 

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/07/18/
629731693/fake-news-turns-deadly-in-india

 

 

 

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2017/05/12/
526687362/fake-medical-news-can-now-be-fact-checked-in-india

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

viral WhatsApp messages        UK

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/07/18/
629731693/fake-news-turns-deadly-in-india

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

propaganda        USA

 

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2021/jan/07/
donald-trump-facebook-social-media-capitol-attack

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

How Online Trolls Divide Americans IRL        NYT        22 August 2018

 

 

 

 

How Online Trolls Divide Americans IRL        Video        NYT News        22 August 2018

 

We know that trolls on social media

are trying to sow discord on contentious subjects

like race, guns and abortion,

but how do they do it?

 

Here is a visual guide to their strategy.

 

YouTube

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4CbHeXnxV_A

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

disinformation        USA

 

https://www.npr.org/series/973275370/untangling-disinformation

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/01/07/
us/politics/trump-allies-congress.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/01/06/
opinion/protests-trump-disinformation.html

 

 

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/12/14/
opinion/republicans-reagan-disinformation.html

 

 

 

 

https://www.npr.org/2020/10/30/
929248146/black-and-latino-voters-flooded-with-disinformation-in-elections-final-days

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/10/13/
magazine/free-speech.html

 

 

 

 

https://www.npr.org/2020/09/29/
917725209/russia-doesn-t-have-to-make-fake-news-biggest-election-threat-is-closer-to-home

 

 

 

 

https://www.npr.org/2020/08/13/
901915537/top-facebook-official-our-aim-is-to-make-lying-on-the-platform-more-difficult

 

 

 

 

https://www.npr.org/2020/06/16/
878169027/study-exposes-russia-disinformation-campaign-that-operated-in-the-shadows-for-6-

 

https://www.npr.org/2020/06/01/
867137863/none-of-this-is-true-protests-become-fertile-ground-for-online-disinformation

 

 

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/04/22/
us/politics/coronavirus-china-disinformation.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/04/13/
science/putin-russia-disinformation-health-coronavirus.html

 

 

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/03/28/
us/politics/china-russia-coronavirus-disinformation.html

 

https://www.npr.org/2020/03/04/
811686225/twitter-vows-that-as-disinformation-tactics-change-its-policies-will-keep-pace

 

 

 

 

https://www.npr.org/2019/02/18/
695729829/facebook-has-been-behaving-like-digital-gangsters-u-k-parliament-report-says

 

 

 

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/12/17/
677390345/new-reports-detail-expansive-russia-disinformation-scheme-targeting-u-s

 

 

 

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/10/23/
659545242/heres-how-russia-runs-its-disinformation-effort-against-the-2018-midterms

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/10/22/
658648856/facebook-exploited-by-influence-campaigns-tries-to-clamp-down-with-war-room

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/10/04/
653454568/most-twitter-accounts-linked-to-2016-disinformation-are-still-active-report-find

 

 

 

 

https://www.youtube.com/
watch?v=4CbHeXnxV_A - NYT - 22 August 2018

 

 

 

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/08/21/
640696857/facebook-shuts-down-652-iranian-backed-and-some-russian-backed-accounts

 

 

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/03/19/
opinion/facebook-cambridge-analytica.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/03/19/
technology/facebook-alex-stamos.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

spread disinformation        USA

 

https://www.npr.org/2019/02/18/
695729829/facebook-has-been-behaving-like-digital-gangsters-u-k-parliament-report-says

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

deception campaigns        USA

 

https://www.npr.org/2020/08/13/
901915537/top-facebook-official-our-aim-is-to-make-lying-on-the-platform-more-difficult

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

storyline        USA

 

https://www.npr.org/2020/06/01/
867137863/none-of-this-is-true-protests-become-fertile-ground-for-online-disinformation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

multiple conflicting narratives        USA

 

https://www.npr.org/2020/06/01/
867137863/none-of-this-is-true-protests-become-fertile-ground-for-online-disinformation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

debunking        USA

 

https://www.npr.org/2020/06/01/
867137863/none-of-this-is-true-protests-become-fertile-ground-for-online-disinformation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

viral rumors        USA

 

https://www.npr.org/2020/09/22/
915676948/can-circuit-breakers-stop-viral-rumors-on-facebook-twitter

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

influence attacks        USA

 

http://www.npr.org/2017/09/28/
554024047/as-scrutiny-of-social-networks-grows-influence-attacks-continue-in-real-time

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

trolling        USA

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/21/
opinion/russian-hacking-trolls-election.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

true information        USA

http://www.npr.org/sections/13.7/2017/05/01/
526363506/can-repeating-false-information-help-people-remember-true-information

 

 

 

 

quality information        USA

https://www.npr.org/2018/04/27/
606393983/wikipedia-founder-says-internet-users-are-adrift-in-the-fake-news-era

 

 

 

 

factual accuracy        USA

https://www.npr.org/2018/04/27/
606393983/wikipedia-founder-says-internet-users-are-adrift-in-the-fake-news-era

 

 

 

 

inaccuracies        USA

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/05/26/
technology/twitter-trump-mail-in-ballots.html

 

 

 

 

check        USA

https://www.npr.org/2018/04/27/
606393983/wikipedia-founder-says-internet-users-are-adrift-in-the-fake-news-era

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > Vocapedia

 

Beliefs, Emotions, Feelings, Mindset, Mood

 

 

journalism, press > fake news,

false information, disinformation, misinformation,

conspiracy theories

 

 

USA > U.S. Constitution > First Amendment / Free Speech    1791

 

 

Internet freedom, censorship

 

 

war > propaganda

 

 

online relationships

 

 

social media > Facebook

 

 

social media > Facebook Live

 

 

social media > Facebook > Mark Zuckerberg

 

 

social media > Tik Tok

 

 

social media > Twitter

 

 

other social media

 

 

social media > surveillance, privacy

 

 

technology

 

 

countries > Russia

 

 

 

home Up