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  How to build a computer in 30 minutes with EasyPCbuilder! - Gaming PC EasyPCbuilder        Video        18 April 2013

 

YouTube

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0bUghCx9iso

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Newegg TV: How To Build a Computer - Part 1 - Choosing Your Components        May 13, 2011

 

 

 

 

 Newegg TV: How To Build a Computer - Part 1 - Choosing Your Components


http://www.newegg.com

Welcome to Newegg TV's How To Build a Computer tutorial!

Uploaded on May 13, 2011

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lPIXAtNGGCw

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Newegg TV: How To Build a Computer - Part 2 - The Build        June 2, 2011

 

 

 

Newegg TV: How To Build a Computer - Part 2 - The Build

 Uploaded on Jun 2, 2011

http://www.newegg.com

Welcome to Part 2 of Newegg TV's How To Build a Computer tutorial: The Build!

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d_56kyib-Ls

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

computer

https://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-a-computer.htm

 

 

 

 

build a computer

 

 

 

 

build a gaming PC        UK

https://www.theguardian.com/games/2020/mar/16/
how-to-build-a-gaming-pc-for-2020

 

 

 

 

how to build a computer        2012

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XFkykETgkoo

 

 

 

 

safety

 

 

 

 

secure

 

 

 

 

hardware

 

 

 

 

generic / universal

 

 

 

 

warranty

 

 

 

 

case

 

 

 

 

hole

 

 

 

 

slide in

 

 

 

 

install

 

 

 

 

screw

 

 

 

 

screwdriver

 

 

 

 

optical drive

 

 

 

 

card reader

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

What is the best choice for a motherboard? - The Final Answer        Linus Tech Tips        17 March 2016

 

 

 

 

What is the best choice for a motherboard? - The Final Answer        Linus Tech Tips        17 March 2016

YouTube

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cx8rS9_vNDo

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

motherboard

http://www.wisegeek.org/what-is-a-motherboard.htm

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XFkykETgkoo

 

 

 

 

socket

 

 

 

 

lever

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

chip        USA

https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2018/01/04/
575573411/intel-acknowledges-chip-level-security-vulnerability-in-processors

 

 

 

 

 ultradense computer chips        USA

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/07/09/
technology/ibm-announces-computer-chips-more-powerful-than-any-in-existence.html

 

 

 

 

processor        USA

https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2018/01/04/
575573411/intel-acknowledges-chip-level-security-vulnerability-in-processors

 

 

 

 

Intel        USA

https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2018/01/04/
575573411/intel-acknowledges-chip-level-security-vulnerability-in-processors

 

 

 

 

Central Processor Unit        CPU

http://www.wisegeek.com/how-does-a-cpu-work.htm

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0bUghCx9iso - 18 April 2013

 

 

 

 

CPU fan

 

 

 

 

CPU fan power connector

 

 

 

 

CPU-Integrated Graphics

http://www.tomshardware.co.uk/forum/313574-33-could-explain-integrated-graphics

http://superuser.com/questions/420925/
what-happens-when-you-add-a-graphics-card-to-a-i7-with-built-in-graphics-e-g-h

 

 

 

 

thermal grease

http://www.wisegeek.com/why-does-a-cpu-need-thermal-grease.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic Input/Output System    BIOS

http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-bios.htm

 

 

 

 

BIOS and UEFI

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zIYkol851dU - 25 September 2015

 

 

 

 

Unified Extensible Firmware Interface    UEFI

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unified_Extensible_Firmware_Interface

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Graphic Processor Unit        GPU

 

 

 

 

graphics / video card

http://www.wisegeek.org/what-is-a-graphics-card.htm

 

 

 

 

video card

 

 

 

 

power supply

 

 

 

 

Random Access Memory        RAM

http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-random-access-memory.htm

 

 

 

 

RAM > DDR slot / socket

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XFkykETgkoo

 

 

 

 

hard drive

 

 

 

 

Solid-State Drive (SSD) vs Hard Disk Drive (HDD) - 20 January 2014

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YQEjGKYXjw8

 

 

 

 

port

 

 

 

 

USB3 port

 

 

 

 

HDMI port

 

 

 

 

output

 

 

 

 

input

 

 

 

 

cable

 

 

 

 

wire

 

 

 

 

1.44 MB floppy drive

 

 

 

 

USB stick        UK

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2012/apr/03/
catholic-ireland-gay-porn-slideshow

 

 

 

 

128mb USB flash drive

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CD Re-Writer

DVD-ROM drive

DVD (Digital Versatile Disc)

burn

DVD burner notebook

rip and burn

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

hard disk / drive

 

 

 

 

external hard drive

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/10/18/technology/personaltech/
drobo-offers-raid-array-systems-to-back-up-top-heavy-files-review.html

 

 

 

 

back up > RAID arrays (Redundant Array of Independent Disks)

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/10/18/technology/personaltech/
drobo-offers-raid-array-systems-to-back-up-top-heavy-files-review.html

 

 

 

 

data

 

 

 

 

scrapped computers > dead disks > identity thieves        UK

http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2006/aug/10/guardianweeklytechnologysection2 

 

 

 

 

crash

 

 

 

 

crash

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

keyboard

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

mouse        USA

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/07/31/
technology/william-english-who-helped-build-the-computer-mouse-dies-at-91.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

corpus of news articles

 

Technology > PC > Components

 

 

 

 

IBM Discloses Working Version

of a Much Higher-Capacity Chip

 

JULY 9, 2015

The New York Times

By JOHN MARKOFF

 

IBM said on Thursday that it had made working versions of ultradense computer chips, with roughly four times the capacity of today’s most powerful chips.

The announcement, made on behalf of an international consortium led by IBM, the giant computer company, is part of an effort to manufacture the most advanced computer chips in New York’s Hudson Valley, where IBM is investing $3 billion in a private-public partnership with New York State, GlobalFoundries, Samsung and equipment vendors.

The development lifts a bit of the cloud that has fallen over the semiconductor industry, which has struggled to maintain its legendary pace of doubling transistor density every two years.

Intel, which for decades has been the industry leader, has faced technical challenges in recent years. Moreover, technologists have begun to question whether the longstanding pace of chip improvement, known as Moore’s Law, would continue past the current 14-nanometer generation of chips.

Each generation of chip technology is defined by the minimum size of fundamental components that switch current at nanosecond intervals. Today the industry is making the commercial transition from what the industry generally describes as 14-nanometer manufacturing to 10-nanometer manufacturing.

Each generation brings roughly a 50 percent reduction in the area required by a given amount of circuitry. IBM’s new chips, though still in a research phase, suggest that semiconductor technology will continue to shrink at least through 2018.

The company said on Thursday that it had working samples of chips with seven-nanometer transistors. It made the research advance by using silicon-germanium instead of pure silicon in key regions of the molecular-size switches.

The new material makes possible faster transistor switching and lower power requirements. The tiny size of these transistors suggests that further advances will require new materials and new manufacturing techniques.

As points of comparison to the size of the seven-nanometer transistors, a strand of DNA is about 2.5 nanometers in diameter and a red blood cell is roughly 7,500 nanometers in diameter. IBM said that would make it possible to build microprocessors with more than 20 billion transistors.

“I’m not surprised, because this is exactly what the road map predicted, but this is fantastic,” said Subhashish Mitra, director of the Robust Systems Group in the Electrical Engineering Department at Stanford University.

Even though IBM has shed much of its computer and semiconductor manufacturing capacity, the announcement indicates that the company remains interested in supporting the nation’s high technology manufacturing base.

“This puts IBM in the position of being a gentleman gambler as opposed to being a horse owner,” said Richard Doherty, president of Envisioneering, a Seaford, N.Y., consulting firm, referring to the fact that IBM’s chip manufacturing facility was acquired by GlobalFoundries effective last week.

“They still want to be in the race,” he added.

IBM now licenses the technology it is developing to a number of manufacturers and GlobalFoundries, owned by the Emirate of Abu Dhabi, to make chips for companies including Broadcom, Qualcomm and Advanced Micro Devices.

The semiconductor industry must now decide if IBM’s bet on silicon-germanium is the best way forward.

It must also grapple with the shift to using extreme ultraviolet, or EUV, light to etch patterns on chips at a resolution that approaches the diameter of individual atoms. In the past, Intel said it could see its way toward seven-nanometer manufacturing. But it has not said when that generation of chip making might arrive.

IBM also declined to speculate on when it might begin commercial manufacturing of this technology generation. This year, Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company said that it planned to begin pilot product of seven-nanometer chips in 2017. Unlike IBM, however, it has not demonstrated working chips to meet that goal.

It is uncertain whether the longer exposure times required by the new generation of EUV photolithographic stepper machines would make high-speed manufacturing operations impossible. Even the slightest vibration can undermine the precision of the optics necessary to etch lines of molecular thicknesses, and the semiconductor industry has been forced to build specialized stabilized buildings to try to isolate equipment from vibration.

An IBM official said that the consortium now sees a way to use EUV light in commercial manufacturing operations.

“EUV is another game changer,” said Mukesh Khare, vice president for semiconductor research at IBM. To date, he noted, the demonstration has taken place in a research lab, not in a manufacturing plant. Ultimately the goal is to create circuits that have been reduced in area by another 50 percent over the industry’s 10-nanometer technology generation scheduled to be introduced next year.



A version of this article appears in print on July 9, 2015,
on page B2 of the New York edition with the headline: IBM Discloses Working Version of a Much Higher-Capacity Chip.

IBM Discloses Working Version of a Much Higher-Capacity Chip,
NYT,
JULY 9, 2015,
http://www.nytimes.com/2015/07/09/technology/
ibm-announces-computer-chips-more-powerful-than-any-in-existence.html

 

 

 

 

 

Gates Sees

Diminished Role for Keyboards

 

February 22, 2008

Filed at 10:28 a.m. ET

The New York Times

By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS

 

PITTSBURGH (AP) -- People will increasingly interact with computers using speech or touch screens rather than keyboards, Microsoft Corp. Chairman Bill Gates said.

''It's one of the big bets we're making,'' he said during the final stop of a farewell tour before he withdraws from the company's daily operations in July.

In five years, Microsoft expects more Internet searches to be done through speech than through typing on a keyboard, Gates told about 1,200 students and faculty members Thursday at Carnegie Mellon University.

Gates also said the software that is proliferating in various branches of science, including biology and astronomy must become even more advanced.

''They're dealing with so much information that ... the need for machine learning to figure out what's going on with that data is absolutely essential,'' he said.

Microsoft is trying to establish ties not only with university computer science departments but also with reseachers in other scientific areas ''to help us understand where new inventions are necessary,'' Gates said.

Gates plans to retire as Microsoft's chief software architect in July and focus on philanthropy.

Gates Sees Diminished Role for Keyboards,
NYT,
22.2.2008,
http://www.nytimes.com/aponline/technology/
AP-Gates-Goodbye-Keyboards.html - broken URL

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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