UK > Violence >
resort to violence
endemic culture of harassment, abuse
against women in the UK
N to depravity and extreme sexual violence
spree of violence
good / evil
'pure evil, absolute evil'
Nottingham / 'crime capital'
at the crime scene
crime scene investigation CSI
CSI > crime scene manager, police
documents examiner, forensic specialist, detective inspector
crime figures 2008
p. 33 22 May 2006
British Crime Survey and other surveys
The BCS measures
the amount of crime in England and Wales
(the first survey covered Scotland as well,
but now Scotland and Northern Ireland
carry out their own crime surveys)
by asking people about crimes
they have experienced in the last year.
The BCS includes crimes
which are not reported to the police,
so it is an
to police records.
Home Office > Crime in England and Wales
Findings from the British Crime Survey and police recorded crime
Home Office > Home Office Statistical
Crime in England and Wales: Quarterly Update to June 2008
Home Office statistics in full 2004
Home Office > April 2004: Home Office figures
on crime in England and Wales
Home Office > The 2001 British Crime
violent crime / offences
Violent Crime Reduction Act (pdf)
the violent crime reduction bill 2006
offences > records of all criminal convictions and cautions
London > Peckham
overall crime rate in England and Wales
crime rate / figures > violent crime in England and Wales
upsurge in crime
murder > brutal death
/ sex offender
youth offenders /
young offender / youth crime / youth violence
UK > acid attack
UK / USA
break into N
marginalised young people
pose as N
art and antiques thefts
blackmail / blackmail
sham marriage racket
system of false accounting
ATM / cash machine fraud / crime
a history of mental illness
on the rampage
go on a
racially motivated attack
religious / racial
upsurge in anti-semitic violence
attack on N
April 13 1981
tensions flamed up
From The Guardian archive
April 13 1981
The build-up of tension which exploded on Saturday evening in the heart of
Brixton began on Friday afternoon, when a police car patrol spotted a young
black wandering along Railton Road with a stab wound in his back.
An ambulance was called and police were bandaging the youth in the car when
young blacks attacked it. The injured youth was taken to hospital. A second
police car arrived as a crowd of black youths was building up. Bottles were
thrown through the police vehicles' windscreens. This incident ended, but the
build-up of police patrols in the area continued into Saturday.
One white woman who lives in Spenser Road said that at 6pm Dulwich Road was
"filled with police and sirens and vehicles. There were so many I thought they
were on some sort of exercise."
Mrs May Dan, a black woman who lives in Railton Road [said], "At 9am on Saturday
morning, I thought there must be some trouble because the police were in twos
all the way down Railton Road, Atlantic Road and Coldharbour Lane."
At 4.45 a young black was arrested outside a minicab office after a scuffle with
a plain clothes police officer. The man was taken off in a van and missiles
thrown broke some of its windows. Police reinforcements were called and the
battle of Brixton had begun.
5pm: An abandoned police car is on fire, jewellery and clothing stores are
broken into and several police officers are hurt by flying bricks.
5.30: Fighting continues in Atlantic Road and spreads. Police get riot shields
and form cordons.
6.30: The first petrol bombs are thrown, setting fire to police and private
6.40: Fire brigade unable to get through because their vehicles are stoned. By
the end of the night, eight fire engines had been damaged. Thirteen firemen are
injured by missiles.
7.40: Youths commandeered a fire engine which they drove.
7.45: A petrol bomb sets fire to the Windsor Castle pub which is destroyed. The
George public house is petrol-bombed.
Throughout the night, 14 properties were destroyed or damaged by fire, gas mains
were damaged and 22 vehicles were set alight.
Mr Declan Butler, fire brigade Divisional Officer, said, "We've never had this
sort of disturbance before."
The director of the Abeng Centre, a West Indian venue, said, "It's been coming a
long time, and no one has been paying attention."
Edward, a black youth, said, "We were fighting back."
Lindsay Mackie and Mike Phillips
From The Guardian
archive > April 13 1981
How Brixton's tensions flamed up,
13.4.2007, p. 32,
May 19 1964
and foolish by the seaside
From The Guardian archive
May 19 1964
Battles between adolescents,
whose only point of difference appeared to be their dress, scared hundreds of
holiday-makers at Brighton today while gaining the keen attention of hundreds
more. Watching crowds obstructed police efforts to restore order.
Fifty-nine teenagers were arrested for throwing stones, for carrying offensive
weapons (including a starting pistol, a leather belt with brass buckle, a
cricket bat, a golf club, chains and stones), for obstructing the police, for
damaging deck chairs, for using threatening behaviour and for using obscene
language. A stone was thrown through the window of a police van, slightly
injuring a policeman inside; five girls were taken to hospital after a skirmish.
The magistrates' court sat throughout the day, hearing 35 cases and passing
maximum sentences of three months' imprisonment on defendants [aged] from 16 to
21. Several were fined £5 for obstructing the police.
The Mods and Rockers had their main pitched battle in the morning. After
sleeping on the beach, the teenagers were being forced eastwards by the police
when some hundreds broke away and reached the Aquarium Sun Terrace. Here a fight
took place with deck chairs as weapons, until some 20 Rockers jumped clear. They
continued to be the targets for litter, and some …litter baskets were thrown
from above before the police took control.
In a crowd as dense as that at Brighton control could not be easily maintained,
and fights and rowdiness continued sporadically. [But] most of [the teenagers]
shared the desire to keep away from physical violence. The only boy who said he
regretted that he had not yet been involved in a fight was speaking in front of
several girls. The battles … came far short of total war.
The statement, widely believed, that any youth in a leather jacket would be in
danger on the Brighton front was nonsense. Many wearing the Rocker outfit went
unmolested. But any group of Rockers became a challenge which the Mods could not
resist — particularly if there was a crowd nearby to watch.
By evening a corner of the beach, overlooked by the promenade and by the Palace
Pier, had become a kind of jousting field. After several fights, the police
surrounded the area and moved in force into the crowd on the beach. They thus
stopped the fighting but did not remove the tension, nor the feeling that here,
as in medieval tournaments, some young people liked to fight publicly for a
formal cause, and older people liked to watch them.
The number of teenagers was estimated at between 2,000 and 3,000.
From The Guardian archive > May 19
1964 > Young and foolish by the seaside,
G, republished 19.5.2007, p. 38,
Monday March 3, 1873
From the Guardian archive
They're not all drunk and incapable
Monday March 3, 1873
It seems to be an axiom, with
"the force" everywhere in England that every person found in the streets in a
semi-conscious or wholly insensible condition is "drunk and incapable" in the
We have no wish to be hard upon the constable. Speaking generally, he is not,
and cannot be expected to be, a man of discriminating mind, and he usually has a
good deal of work on hand - work of a kind which, without any fault of character
in himself, must tend to develop the cynical faculty.
It is his daily and nightly business to lift the helpless drunkard from the
pavement and remove him to a place of safety, where he may sleep off his
debauch, and whence he may be conveniently carried before the representative of
outraged public decency.
Even a policeman, however, ought to know, or, if he does not know, ought to be
taught, that men and women may fall powerless to the ground from other causes
than excessive drinking.
Every large town in England has on its records one or more cases in which a
perfectly sober person struck down by sudden illness has been carried away to
the police station, there entered as drunk, and left in a cell to die without
the medical assistance which might have explained and even saved all.
This is a subject on which every family must feel deeply; for it is a notorious
and melancholy fact that these sudden collapses, owing to the increasing wear
and tear of life, are every year coming less and less rare. These remarks are
suggested by the sad fate of a constable whose death has excited much attention
The man bore a high character for sobriety and steadiness. The other night he
was found prostrate in the street, and his comrades, assuming in their usual
fashion that he was drunk, removed him to the bridewell, where he was left for
hours, as it was thought, to right himself.
It was at length suspected that this was no ordinary case and the poor fellow
was taken to one of the infirmaries, where he soon afterwards died. The medical
and other evidence at the inquest seems to prove with the greatest clearness
that he had not been drinking, and that his death was due to injury to the brain
"by a fall or otherwise".
It is doubtful whether the man's life could have been saved if he had properly
attended to in the first instance; but the lesson is the same, and may be
commended to the attention of every Watch Committee in the kingdom.
They're not all drunk and
incapable, G, 3.3.1873, Republished 3.3.2006,
This Day - June 21, 1870
From The Times Archive
Margaret Waters bought
than 40 unwanted babies
by placing press advertisements.
She planned to sell
them to childless couples but,
unable to care for them, she abandoned them
workhouses or on the streets.
She was found guilty of murder and executed
THE “Baby Farming” case at the
Lambeth Police Court is a shocking revelation of another of our social sores.
This year will be notorious for the horrors committed but we have heard of
nothing so revolting as the story now disclosed. Within the last few weeks
several bodies of infants were found in the south of London.
We leave the evidence to speak for itself so far as regards the specific
accusation against the prisoners; it would be idle to evade the conclusion that
an infamous system has been disclosed of making away with infants whose
existence is a shame and a burden to those who have brought them into the world.
The systematic adoption of children at 5/.
a head can only be a transparent
pretence for putting them out of the way as cheaply and secretly as possible.
The miserable creatures who are charged with this inhuman trade are not the only
persons who deserve the reprobation it will evoke. It must also be visited on
the parents, who, to relieve their own selfish instincts, deliberately paid for
the disappearance of their infants, and on those who by inserting such
advertisements abet this traffic in infanticide. No such traffic could be
systematically conducted without the aid furnished by newspapers which admit
objectionable advertisements into their columns.
From The Times Archives > On
This Day - June 21, 1870, Times, 21.6.2005,
This Day - June 15, 1855
From The Times Archive
A number of men were accused
of stealing items, including 300 silk handkerchiefs, on trains travelling
between London and Carlisle
THE Preston bench was occupied
during a considerable portion of Wednesday in investigating the extensive
railway robberies, notices of which have appeared in recent numbers of The
There were six accused persons in custody, viz: John Butler, Joseph Birrell sen,
Joseph Birrell jun, William Birrell, Edward Caton and John Parkinson.
Caton, late a brakeman in the employ of the Lancaster and Carlisle Railway
Company, is the man who absconded on hearing that the police had searched his
house and seized a quantity of goods; he then returned and was found concealed
under the stairs.
Parkinson (brother-in-law to the prisoner Butler) was a warehouseman in the
employ of a Preston grocer, and when he was apprehended, had in his possession a
quantity of jewellery, including a valuable diamond pin, answering the
description of one stolen from Dr Jardine, who, having seen an account of the
robberies in The Times, wrote to the railway authorities respecting his loss.
The gentleman’s portmanteau had been forced open between London and Carlisle and
the diamond pin abstracted.
John Butler, Joseph Birrell sen and William Birrell were charged with stealing
300 silk handkerchiefs. No fewer than 70 were found in the possession of Joseph
Birrell sen. Almost a cartload of valuable property, taken from the prisoners,
was produced in court. The cases excited great interest, the justice-room being
crowded throughout the inquiry.
From The Times Archives > On
This Day - June 15, 1855,
The Times, 15.6.2005,
Related > Anglonautes >
knife crime / stabbing,
abuse, domestic violence,
prostitution, sexual violence, rape,
kidnapping, crime, police > UK