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Vocapedia > Technology > Internet > Social media > Fake news, Disinformation, Misinformation, Influence attacks

 

 

 

Illustration:

Stephen Savage

 

How Fiction Becomes Fact on Social Media

NYT

OCT. 20, 2017

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/10/20/
health/social-media-fake-news.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

How to Fight Fake News on Vaccines        NYT        11 December 2019

 

 

 

 

How to Fight Fake News on Vaccines        Video        NYT Opinion        11 December 2019

 

We’ll need more than facts to fight medical misinformation.

 

In 2019, measles cases in the U.S. have been on the rise,

much of it driven by false claims about the safety of the vaccine.

 

In the Video Op-Ed above,

a cancer researcher, David Robert Grimes,

confronts the rising trend of medical misinformation.

 

From herbal remedies for cancer

to vaccination horror stories,

fake medical news is spreading fast on social media.

 

The effects can be severe,

with anti-vaccination movements partly responsible

for the resurgence of measles and other preventable illnesses.

 

In 2015, an anti-vaccination campaign in Ireland

caused a sudden fall in the number of HPV vaccines administered,

given to young girls and boys to prevent cervical cancer.

 

Dr. Grimes tells the story of how,

with the help of a remarkable woman named Laura Brennan,

they were able to reverse the trend,

and what countries like the United States

can learn in their fight against medical misinformation.

 

YouTube

https://www.youtube.com/
watch?v=y7Tc3eR4nH4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

truth        UK

 

https://www.theguardian.com/media/2016/jul/12/
how-technology-disrupted-the-truth

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

fake  news        UK

 

https://www.theguardian.com/news/audio/2020/mar/25/
going-viral-fake-news-and-covid-19

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/mar/10/
nhs-plan-combat-coronavirus-fake-news

 

https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2017/mar/22/
facebook-fact-checking-tool-fake-news

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

fiction        USA

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/10/20/
health/social-media-fake-news.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

claim        USA

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/04/03/
opinion/sunday/coronavirus-fake-news.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

make up        USA

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/04/27/
606393983/wikipedia-founder-says-internet-users-are-adrift-in-the-fake-news-era

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

social media > social-media fiction

fake news / misinformation, fake / misleading stories, fake news stories        USA

 

https://www.youtube.com/
watch?v=y7Tc3eR4nH4 - NYT - 11 December 2019

 

https://www.npr.org/2019/10/29/
774541010/fake-news-is-scary-heres-how-to-spot-misinformation

 

 

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/10/19/
opinion/facebook-twitter-journalism-misinformation.html

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/09/02/
643761979/president-trumps-description-of-whats-fake-is-expanding

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/04/27/
606393983/wikipedia-founder-says-internet-users-are-adrift-in-the-fake-news-era

 

 

 

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/alltechconsidered/2017/10/29/
560461835/how-russian-propaganda-spreads-on-social-media

 

http://www.npr.org/2017/10/29/
560569373/are-social-media-sites-doing-enough-to-combat-rumors-and-false-news

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/alltechconsidered/2017/07/14/
537154304/computer-scientists-demonstrate-the-potential-for-faking-video

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/alltechconsidered/2017/04/03/
522503844/how-russian-twitter-bots-pumped-out-fake-news-during-the-2016-election

 

 

 

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/ed/2017/03/20/
520845007/the-earth-is-flat-check-wikipedia

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/alltechconsidered/2017/01/25/
511641939/facebook-tweaks-its-trending-topics-algorithm-to-better-reflect-real-news

 

 

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/12/25/us/
politics/fake-news-claims-conservatives-mainstream-media-.html

http://www.npr.org/sections/ed/2016/12/22/
505432340/the-classroom-where-fake-news-fails

http://www.npr.org/2016/12/14/
505547295/fake-news-expert-on-how-false-stories-spread-and-why-people-believe-them

http://www.npr.org/2016/12/07/
504723649/what-legal-recourse-do-victims-of-fake-news-stories-have

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/12/07/
504676327/weather-channel-tells-breitbart-not-to-use-its-content-to-mislead-on-climate-cha

http://www.npr.org/2016/12/07/
504622630/megyn-kelly-on-trump-and-the-media-were-in-a-dangerous-phase-right-now

http://www.npr.org/sections/alltechconsidered/2016/12/05/
503581220/fake-or-real-how-to-self-check-the-news-and-get-the-facts

https://www.theguardian.com/media/2016/dec/02/
fake-news-facebook-us-election-around-the-world

http://www.gocomics.com/brian-mcfadden/2016/11/29

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/11/23/
503129818/study-finds-students-have-dismaying-inability-to-tell-fake-news-from-real

http://www.npr.org/sections/alltechconsidered/2016/11/23/
503146770/npr-finds-the-head-of-a-covert-fake-news-operation-in-the-suburbs

http://www.npr.org/2016/11/20/
502770866/ex-head-of-twitter-news-social-media-companies-alone-shouldn-t-regulate-fake-new

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/11/20/
opinion/sunday/facebook-and-the-digital-virus-called-fake-news.html

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/11/19/
502692075/misinformation-on-facebook-zuckerberg-lists-ways-of-fighting-fake-news

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/11/18/
world/europe/obama-angela-merkel-donald-trump.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/11/18/
technology/fake-news-on-facebook-in-foreign-elections-thats-not-new.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

falsehoods        USA

 

https://www.youtube.com/
watch?v=y7Tc3eR4nH4 - NYT - 11 December 2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

spread        USA

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/alltechconsidered/2017/10/29/
560461835/how-russian-propaganda-spreads-on-social-media

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Synthesizing Obama: Learning Lip Sync from Audio        Supasorn Suwajanakorn        11 July 2017

 

 

 

 

Synthesizing Obama: Learning Lip Sync from Audio        Video        Supasorn Suwajanakorn        11 July 2017

YouTube

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9Yq67CjDqvw

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

fake news videos        USA

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/alltechconsidered/2017/07/14/
537154304/computer-scientists-demonstrate-the-potential-for-faking-video

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Facebook > real news        USA

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/alltechconsidered/2017/01/25/
511641939/facebook-tweaks-its-trending-topics-algorithm-to-better-reflect-real-news

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Twitter > "rogue" accounts        USA

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/alltechconsidered/2017/01/27/
512007632/its-not-just-the-park-service-rogue-federal-twitter-accounts-multiply

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

a widely circulated blog post about the coronavirus        USA

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/04/03/
opinion/sunday/coronavirus-fake-news.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

fabricated facts        USA

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/13.7/2017/05/03/
526685311/is-do-it-yourself-fact-checking-the-future

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

false information        USA

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/13.7/2017/05/01/
526363506/can-repeating-false-information-help-people-remember-true-information

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

debunk        USA

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/04/03/
opinion/sunday/coronavirus-fake-news.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

false stories        USA

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/alltechconsidered/2018/03/12/
592885660/can-you-believe-it-on-twitter-false-stories-are-shared-more-widely-than-true-one

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

misinformation        USA

 

https://www.npr.org/2019/10/29/
774541010/fake-news-is-scary-heres-how-to-spot-misinformation

 

https://www.npr.org/2019/03/07/
701358833/facebook-vows-to-quash-anti-vaccine-misinformation

 

 

 

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/13.7/2017/05/01/
526363506/can-repeating-false-information-help-people-remember-true-information

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

medical misinformation        USA

 

https://www.youtube.com/
watch?v=y7Tc3eR4nH4 - NYT - 11 December 2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

spread misinformation about N        USA

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/alltechconsidered/2017/10/03/
555320532/facebook-google-spread-misinformation-about-las-vegas-shooting-what-went-wrong

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

How Online Trolls Divide Americans IRL        NYT        22 August 2018

 

 

 

 

How Online Trolls Divide Americans IRL        Video        NYT News        22 August 2018

 

We know that trolls on social media

are trying to sow discord on contentious subjects

like race, guns and abortion,

but how do they do it?

 

Here is a visual guide to their strategy.

 

YouTube

https://www.youtube.com/
watch?v=4CbHeXnxV_A

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

disinformation        USA

 

https://www.npr.org/2020/03/04/
811686225/twitter-vows-that-as-disinformation-tactics-change-its-policies-will-keep-pace

 

 

 

 

https://www.npr.org/2019/02/18/
695729829/facebook-has-been-behaving-like-digital-gangsters-u-k-parliament-report-says

 

 

 

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/12/17/
677390345/new-reports-detail-expansive-russia-disinformation-scheme-targeting-u-s

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/10/23/
659545242/heres-how-russia-runs-its-disinformation-effort-against-the-2018-midterms

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/10/22/
658648856/facebook-exploited-by-influence-campaigns-tries-to-clamp-down-with-war-room

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/10/04/
653454568/most-twitter-accounts-linked-to-2016-disinformation-are-still-active-report-find

 

https://www.youtube.com/
watch?v=4CbHeXnxV_A - NYT - 22 August 2018

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/08/21/
640696857/facebook-shuts-down-652-iranian-backed-and-some-russian-backed-accounts

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/03/19/
opinion/facebook-cambridge-analytica.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/03/19/
technology/facebook-alex-stamos.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

spread disinformation        USA

 

https://www.npr.org/2019/02/18/
695729829/facebook-has-been-behaving-like-digital-gangsters-u-k-parliament-report-says

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

influence attacks        USA

http://www.npr.org/2017/09/28/
554024047/as-scrutiny-of-social-networks-grows-influence-attacks-continue-in-real-time

 

 

 

 

trolling        USA

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/21/
opinion/russian-hacking-trolls-election.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

true information        USA

http://www.npr.org/sections/13.7/2017/05/01/
526363506/can-repeating-false-information-help-people-remember-true-information

 

 

 

 

quality information        USA

https://www.npr.org/2018/04/27/
606393983/wikipedia-founder-says-internet-users-are-adrift-in-the-fake-news-era

 

 

 

 

factual accuracy        USA

https://www.npr.org/2018/04/27/
606393983/wikipedia-founder-says-internet-users-are-adrift-in-the-fake-news-era

 

 

 

 

check        USA

https://www.npr.org/2018/04/27/
606393983/wikipedia-founder-says-internet-users-are-adrift-in-the-fake-news-era

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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