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Vocapedia > USA > U.S. Constitution

 

Thirteenth Amendment    1865

 

Abolition of slavery

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

thirteenth Amendment

 

Ratified in 1865,

the amendment states in full:

 

“Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude,

except as a punishment for crime

whereof the party shall have been duly convicted,

shall exist within the United States,

or any place subject to their jurisdiction.”

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/09/30/movies/13th-review-ava-duvernay.html

 

 

 

 

Approval in the House on Jan. 31, 1865,

trailed the amendment’s passage in the Senate

on April 8, 1864, by almost 10 months.

 

Its adoption by 27 states the following December

introduced the word “slavery” into the Constitution

for the first time.

http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2014/04/08/the-birth-of-the-13th-amendment/

 

http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2014/04/08/
the-birth-of-the-13th-amendment/

 

 

 

 

The 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution

officially abolished slavery in America,

and was ratified on December 6, 1865,

after the conclusion of the American Civil War.

 

The amendment states:

“Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude,

except as a punishment for crime

whereof the party shall have been duly convicted,

shall exist within the United States,

or any place subject to their jurisdiction.”

 

When the American Civil War (1861-65) began,

President Abraham Lincoln (1809-65)

carefully framed the conflict

as concerning the preservation of the Union

rather than the abolition of slavery.

 

Although he personally found

the practice of slavery abhorrent,

he knew that neither Northerners

nor the residents of the border slave states

would support abolition as a war aim.

 

However, by mid-1862,

as thousands of slaves

fled to join the invading Northern armies,

Lincoln was convinced that abolition had become

a sound military strategy,

as well as the morally correct path.

 

On September 22,

soon after the Union victory

at the Battle of Antietam in Maryland,

he issued a preliminary Emancipation Proclamation,

declaring that as of January 1, 1863,

all slaves in the rebellious states

“shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free.”

 

While the Emancipation Proclamation

did not free a single slave

(there were an estimated 800,000 slaves in border states

and some 3 million more in Confederate states),

it was an important turning point in the war,

transforming the fight to preserve the nation

into a battle for human freedom.

http://www.history.com/topics/black-history/thirteenth-amendment

 

https://www.loc.gov/rr/program/bib/ourdocs/13thamendment.html

http://www.archives.gov/historical-docs/document.html

http://www.history.com/topics/black-history/thirteenth-amendment

http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/13th-amendment-ratified

 

 

http://www.npr.org/2016/10/07/
497065092/a-man-and-an-amendment-are-re-examined-
in-the-birth-of-a-nation-and-13th

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/09/30/
movies/13th-review-ava-duvernay.html

 

http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2014/04/08/
the-birth-of-the-13th-amendment/

 

http://learning.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/01/31/
jan-31-1865-house-passes-13th-amendment-abolishing-slavery/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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