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Vocapedia > USA > U.S. Constitution


Fifth Amendment    1791


rights relevant

to criminal and civil legal proceedings






Martin Shkreli Refuses to Testify


The former chief executive of Turing Pharmaceuticals, Martin Shkreli,

invoked his Fifth Amendment right while Congress peppered him

with questions about his company's increasing drug prices.


By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS        NYT        Feb. 4, 2016        2:03


















U.S. Constitution > Bill of Rights > Fifth amendment rights        1789-1791


'No person shall be held to answer for a capital,

or otherwise infamous crime,

unless on a presentment or indictment of a grand jury,

except in cases arising in the land or naval forces,

or in the militia,

when in actual service in time of war or public danger;

nor shall any person be subject for the same offense

to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb;

nor shall be compelled in any criminal case

to be a witness against himself,

nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property,

without due process of law;

nor shall private property be taken for public use,

without just compensation.'






The Fifth Amendment creates a number of rights

relevant to both criminal and civil legal proceedings.


In criminal cases,

the Fifth Amendment guarantees

the right to a grand jury,

forbids “double jeopardy,”

and protects against self-incrimination.


It also requires that “due process of law”

be part of any proceeding

that denies a citizen “life, liberty or property”

and requires the government to compensate citizens

when it takes private property for public use.






invoke the Fifth Amendment






take the 5th







standard criminal procedures > U.S. Constitution > Fifth Amendment right / Miranda rights






arrest > read him / her his / her miranda rights











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