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grammaire anglaise > conjonctions / adverbes / prépositions


structures en but > sens




N + butconjonction + N


DOJ Watchdog On Russia Probe:

No Evidence Of Bias,

But Problems With Surveillance

December 9, 2019    5 11 AM ET        NPR
















ADJ + butconjonction + ADJ + N = GN


three small but successful countries















all butgroupe adverbial + ADJ


quasiment + ADJ


Consumers are all but

[ groupe adverbial : quasiment ]


[ adjectif ]

in facing up to companies

- unless they decide to act together

My refund nightmare, G, 7.1.20004,






When the Bride Takes a Bride


July 15, 2010

The New York Times




When the Palladinos

were planning their wedding,

they found that

traditional bridal magazines were all but useless

[ groupe adverbial > traduction > quasiment ].

in addressing their particular questions.

Questions like: Where does a woman find a man’s suit that does not make her look like a woman in a man’s suit? Should Kirsten and Maria both walk down the aisle, or was it O.K. for Maria, who sees herself as more masculine, to wait for her bride? At which of the Caribbean resorts in the honeymoon pictorials would two women feel most comfortable holding hands?

“On every level there was something lacking,” said Kirsten Palladino, who took Maria’s surname after their wedding in June 2009. “We didn’t see any couples like us. The language was all he and she, bride and groom, please your man.”

After their honeymoon in St. Martin,
they decided to do something about it.


This month,

they published the second issue

of their online same-sex wedding magazine,

Equally Wed.

When the Bride Takes a Bride,

NYT, 15.7.2010,
















ADJ + inpréposition all butpréposition + N


turbocharged in all but price


traduction explicative :


sauf pour le prix / le prix excepté




Guardian        p. 7        28.8.2004















topréposition all butpréposition + N


traduction explicative : pour tous sauf N



Camp Delta,

a camp within a camp

at the US military base

in Guantanamo Bay,

is a measure of how much

America has changed.

Yet because it is perched

on a remote corner of Cuba,

out of bounds to all but a few thousand troops

and specially vetted service workers,

the mutation has gone mostly unseen

by the American people.

Rights flouted at Guantanamo Bay, GE, p. 4, 9.9.2002.
















N + beverbe + all butgroupe adverbial + adverbe


The strongest surge

in industry’s confidence

for nearly 30 years

fuelled hopes yesterday

that the deep recession in British manufacturing

is all but [ presque, quasiment ] over.

CBI sees an end to industrial recession, T Business, p. 23, 24.4.2002.















N + V + all butgroupe adverbial + N


traduction explicative : presque, quasiment





First Monday


October 3, 2010

The New York Times


The Supreme Court enjoys

all but free rein in selecting which cases to review

[ traduction : la Cour Suprême bénéficie quasiment

d'une liberté absolue... ].

From the end of one term in the summer

until the start of the next,

on the first Monday in October,

the work of the court

is to sift through thousands of petitions

from parties that lost in one of the federal appeals courts

or highest state courts and are eager for the justices

to reverse their fate.

The kinds of petitioners favored say a lot

about the court’s interests and biases.

The Warren court, eager to champion individual rights,

chose a large number of petitions from downtrodden people.

The Rehnquist court, looking for opportunities

to vindicate states’ rights, favored petitions from the states.

The Roberts court has championed corporations.

The cases it has chosen for review this term

suggest it will continue that trend.

Of the 51 it has so far decided to hear,

over 40 percent have a corporation on one side.

The most far-reaching example

of the Roberts court’s pro-business bias

was Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission.

By a 5-to-4 vote, the conservative justices overturned

a century of precedent to give corporations,

along with labor unions, an unlimited right

to spend money in politics.

 [ ... ]

First Monday,
NYT, 3.10.2010,
















N + butpréposition + N > sauf, excepté, à part


The Guardian        Life        p. 8        21.7.2005
















Designed for Everyone but the Passenger


APRIL 6, 2016

The New York Times


Airports, Designed for Everyone but the Passenger,
NYT, April 6, 2016,















butconjonction + forpréposition + N


I'm sorry,

butconjonction forpréposition the greater good,

[ traduction : mais pour ]

the green belt has just got to go



By Tom Utley


The green belt, celebrating its 50th birthday this week,

is one of those subjects that many of us free-marketeers

would rather not think about.

Our heads tell us that there is clearly a shortage of housing

in many parts of the country

- and particularly in the South-East -

and that the answer must surely be to build more.

There are places where the shortage is so acute that

as many as two thirds of would-be first-time buyers

cannot afford even the grottiest one-bedroom flat.

That causes a great deal of unhappiness,

which could be lifted almost at a stroke

by handing over huge swathes of the green belt

to property developers.

I'm sorry, but for the greater good, the green belt has just got to go,







but forgroupe prépositionnel + N


But forgroupe prépositionnel

[ traduction : sans ... ]

the intervention

of a solitary security steward

and the timely arrival

of the first of 15 police officers,

there would have been

a major incident.

Police look into ugly scenes at Rushden,
GE/G2, p. 9, 29.4.2002.















SVO / SVADJ  +  but forgroupe conjonctionnel  +  SVO


traduction explicative :

si il n'y avait pas / si ce n'est que ...


The sight of Amrozi bin Nurhasyim,

the "smlling bomber" of Bali,

raising his arms in triumph

as his death sentence

was announced

was profoundly disturbing.


Throughout his trial,

Amrozi betrayed

no glimmer of remorse

for the appalling crime

he had helped execute.


His claim to be seeking vengeance against America,

the west and "the Jews" might be dismissed as delusional,

but forgroupe conjonctionnel

[ traduction : si il n'y avait pas / si ce n'est que ... ]

the uncomfortable fact

that many Muslim extremists have a similar aim.

The smile of death: Executing the Bali bomber is no remedy, G, p. 23, 9.8.2003.















SVO  +  butconjonction   +  SVO


I'm not racist but...


... = proposition SVO implicite ou explicite


traduction: mais
















dans la structure

SVO  +  butconjonction   +  SVO



peut introduire une proposition (SVO)

dont le sens

est une reprise / critique / analyse

de la première proposition :


North Korea Claims Zero Coronavirus Cases,

But Experts Are Skeptical

February 20, 2020    11:24 AM ET        NPR
















dans la structure

SVO  +  butconjonction   +  SVO



peut aussi introduire

une proposition (SVO)

qui exprime un développement

inattendu, surprenant :


They Fell In Love Helping Drug Users.

But Fear Kept Him From Helping Himself

February 24, 202    05:03 AM ET    NPR
















dans la structure

SVO  +  butconjonction   +  SVO



peut aussi introduire

une proposition (SVO)

qui exprime du positif,

pour contrebalancer

l'aspect négatif de la première proposition :


SXSW Is Canceled,

But You Can Still Discover — And SupportThese Artists

March 14, 2020    8:06 AM ET





















autres énoncés
















































































nothing is certain butpréposition + N


traduction : hormis, si ce n'est (= excepté)




nothing is certain but death and taxes - proverb


Steve Sack

The Minneapolis Star-Tribune


1 April 2011















but > que / quoique










nothing + but + N


rien que / rien d'autre que + N




How Do You Say ‘Economic Security’?


September 23, 2011

The New York Times




IN the face of nothing but bad economic news,

Americans often take heart

in remembering that we have been here before —

during the Great Depression,

when conditions were far worse than they are today

— and we survived.

How Do You Say ‘Economic Security’?,






I was nervous.

I adjusted my headphones for the translation,

I accidentally hit the microphone,

and then I stumbled as I read out my solemn declaration

that I would tell the truth, the whole truth

and nothing but the truth.

Grilled by the butcher, G2, p. 1, 29.8.2002.















but forhypothétique


sans / si ce n'est / s'il n'y avait (pas) eu















have no choice butconjonction to -> BV


n'avoir pas d'autre choix que...


n'avoir d'autre choix que...




Science funding cuts:

We won't fill the gaps,

say firms and charities


Big R&D spenders say they won't step up
funding of university research in the UK
to make up for science funding cuts


Imran Khan,

director of the Campaign for Science and Engineering, said:

"Industry leaders have consistenly said their private sector

investment depends on public support for science.

If that support disappears,

they will have no other choice butconjonction to look abroad

for their raw materials: world class research

and talented scientists and engineers."

Science funding cuts:
We won't fill the gaps, say firms and charities,
Thursday 7 October 2010 18.41 BST,






Women have no choice now

butconjonction to halt this backlash


This is far from being a post-feminist era

- the battle is only half-won

Headline and sub, G, 14.7.2004,
















but + for


mais pour / si ce n'est que















can’t help but + BV


traduction explicative :

ne pouvoir s'empêcher de / ne pouvoir que






There are some great songs here, proper songs,

which choruses that are impossible to dislodge from the brain,

and lyrics that you can’t help but sing along to  [ ... ].

When the lights go down, GE2, p. vI, 30.8.2002.






‘Julie’s track record and the vision

she has articulated over the past couple of years

for ‘building Europe.net’ is one

that I cannot help but support.'

Net’s queen bee still buzzes, O, Business pullout, 28.4.2002.















any / anyone / anything / everything + butpréposition + N


tout sauf


Anyone butpréposition Brown




The Guardian        p. 1        24 February 2009
















Anything butpréposition gardening




The Guardian        Weekend        p. 26        3.12.2005













Everything butpréposition the truth
















Google's front page gets an image:

are doodles dead,

and what's the purpose?


June 10, 2010


View the search engine in any browser but

[ conjonction > à l'exception de ... /  excepté ... sauf... ]

Safari or Opera, and you'll get a full-page image.

Copying Bing - or is there a more subtle purpose,

such as recruiting users

Google's front page gets an image: are doodles dead, and what's the purpose?,
G, 10.6.2010,
















anything  +  butadverbe  +  adjectif


tout sauf


They're anything butpréposition standard



The Guardian        p. 14        8.1.2007















The End of the Tunnel


October 7, 2010

The New York Times



The Erie Canal. Hoover Dam. The Interstate Highway System.

Visionary public projects are part of the American tradition,

and have been a major driver of our economic development.

And right now, by any rational calculation,

would be an especially good time

to improve the nation’s infrastructure.

We have the need: our roads, our rail lines,

our water and sewer systems are antiquated

and increasingly inadequate.

We have the resources:

a million-and-a-half construction workers are sitting idle,

and putting them to work would help the economy as a whole

recover from its slump.

And the price is right:

with interest rates on federal debt at near-record lows,

there has never been a better time

to borrow for long-term investment.

But American politics these days is anything but

[ groupe adverbial > tout sauf ]


[ adjectif ].

Republicans bitterly opposed even the modest infrastructure

spending contained in the Obama stimulus plan.

And, on Thursday, Chris Christie, the governor of New Jersey,

canceled America’s most important current public works project,

the long-planned and much-needed second rail tunnel

under the Hudson River.

The End of the Tunnel,
NYT, 7.10.2010,















anything butgroupe adverbial


tout sauf





Adolf Hitler a war hero?

Anything but,

[ groupe adverbial > traduction explicatives >

absolument pas, au contraire, tout le contraire,

pas du tout, non, tout sauf ça ].

said first world war comrades


Unpublished letters and diaries

from List regiment soldiers

portray Hitler as a loner,

an object of ridicule and 'a rear area pig'



Monday 16 August 2010
22.00 BST

This article was published
on guardian.co.uk at 22.00 BST
on Monday 16 August 2010.

A version appeared on p12
of the Main section section of the Guardian
on Tuesday 17 August 2010.

Dalya Alberge

Adolf Hitler a war hero? Anything but, said first world war comrades,















N + beverbe + anything + but


traduction explicative :

à éviter, tout sauf à faire




No matter how many times

we are told sun bathing can cause skin cancer,

we still insist on exposing ourselves to the dangers.

The fact is that more than 70,000 new cases

are reported in Britain every year.

Simon Garfield reveals

why a 'healthy tan' is anything but

The burning issue, sub, O, 18.7.2004,
















N + beverbe + nothingpréposition + butconjonction + N


This duplicitous liberal-left is nothing but a straw man


traduction : rien d'autre que / rien que...




The Guardian        Wednesday 31 January 2007















autres énoncés




Mayor Candidate

Feels Cold Shoulder From Obama


October 7, 2009
The New York Times


To bolster Democratic prospects,

President Obama has tried

to elbow New York’s governor,

David A. Paterson, out of next year’s race,

and has thrown his weight behind

New Jersey’s governor, Jon S. Corzine,

in next month’s election.

Then there is the mayoral race in New York City.

Here, the president has all but

[ groupe adverbial : complètement ]

ignored the Democrat running on a message of change

and embraced the incumbent running on the Republican ballot

on Nov. 3.


So is William C. Thompson Jr.,

the Democratic nominee for mayor this fall.

Since Mr. Obama’s election, Mr. Thompson,

the city’s comptroller,

has found his attempts to piggyback

on Mr. Obama’s popularity thoroughly

drowned out by Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg,

who has tethered himself to the new president.

Mr. Bloomberg has met with the president four times

since his inauguration, held public events

with four of his cabinet members,

and heaped praise on the new administration at every turn,

no matter how mundane the occasion.

“Superb move,” Mr. Bloomberg declared in a press release

after Mr. Obama created the obscure-sounding job

of chief performance officer at the White House.

Mayor Candidate Feels Cold Shoulder From Obama,
NYT, 7.10.2009,






So it is surprising

that Mr Bush is showing such interest in Africa.

His tour will include five countries:

the continent's two main powers (South Africa and Nigeria),

and three small but successful countries

(Senegal, Bostwana and Uganda).

Talks will focus on security, trade and aid.

For Mr Bush, security means, first and foremost,

preventing terrorist attacks on Americans in Africa.

Al-Qaeda has little support south of the Sahara,

but finds it easy to operate in countries with lax security

- hence its successes blowing up embassies

in Kenya and TAnzania in 1998,

its more recent murders of Israelis in Kenya

and the suicide bombings by an unknown Islamist group

in Morocco in May.

This week, Mr Bush promised $100m to east African countries

to beef up the security around their airports,

sea ports and other vulnerable places, which should help a bit.

When terrorists murder westerners in Africa,

a much larger number of Africans usually die, too.

But African leaders do not get nearly

as worked up about terrorism as Americans do,

because they have much bigger security problems

to contend with.

Africa's wars claim thousands of times more lives than a-Qaeda.

Nigeria and South Africa each do their bit to try to keep the peace

in their respective spheres of influence,

but both would like some American help. (...)

Most of Africa is not at war, however,

and needs different kinds of help.

As a baby-eating right-winger,

Mr Bush is loved neither

by Africa's chattering classes

nor by the West's professional worriers about Africa.

But he has a habit of suprising foe and friend alike.

His recent promise to give $15 billion to the fight against AIDS

prompted Bob Geldof, a campaigning Irish rock star,

to tell Britain's Guardian newspaper that

"You'll think I'm off my trolley when I say this,

but the Bush administration is the most radical

- in a positive sense- in its approach to Africa since Kenedy."

Now for Africa: Next week, George Bush will visit Africa.
He can do a lot of good, if he chooses, E, p. 11, 5.7.2003.






There is nothing to do but to wait.

BBC Radio 4 radio drama, 3.9.2002.