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grammaire anglaise > formes > formes comparatives


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A sketch of a newly discovered Gigantoraptor dinosaur,

compared to a human.



Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology & Paleoanthropology/

Associated Press


Giant Bird-Like Dinosaur Fossil Found in China

By JOHN NOBLE WILFORD        NYT        June 13, 2007

Scientists have uncovered a huge surprise

in the Inner Mongolia region of northern China:

the fossil skeleton of an unusually robust

bird-like dinosaur that lived 70 million years ago.

The animal appeared to be a young adult

25 feet long and weighing 3,000 pounds and,

if it had lived longer,

would probably have grown even larger.

















compared withpréposition + N > énoncés



















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Leaflet, August 2007, London.
















Urban butterfly declines 69%

compared to 45% drop in countryside

Pesticides, paving and higher temperatures
have put huge strain on butterflies in cities
over past two decades, finds study


Urban butterfly declines 69% compared to 45% drop in countryside,
G, 16 FEB. 2017,






U.S. Economic Recovery Looks Good

Compared With Sluggish Europe, Asia

June 17, 2016

8:00 AM ET


U.S. Economic Recovery Looks Good Compared With Sluggish Europe, Asia,
NPR, June 17, 2016,






U.S. Suicide Rate

Surges to a 30-Year High


APRIL 22, 2016

The New York Times



WASHINGTON — Suicide in the United States has surged to the highest levels in nearly 30 years, a federal data analysis has found, with increases in every age group except older adults. The rise was particularly steep for women. It was also substantial among middle-aged Americans, sending a signal of deep anguish from a group whose suicide rates had been stable or falling since the 1950s.

The suicide rate for middle-aged women, ages 45 to 64, jumped by 63 percent over the period of the study, while it rose by 43 percent for men in that age range, the sharpest increase for males of any age. The overall suicide rate rose by 24 percent from 1999 to 2014, according to the National Center for Health Statistics, which released the study on Friday.

The increases were so widespread that they lifted the nation’s suicide rate to 13 per 100,000 people, the highest since 1986. The rate rose by 2 percent a year starting in 2006, double the annual rise in the earlier period of the study. In all, 42,773 people died from suicide in 2014, compared with 29,199 in 1999.

“It’s really stunning to see such a large increase in suicide rates affecting virtually every age group,” said Katherine Hempstead, senior adviser for health care at the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, who has identified a link between suicides in middle age and rising rates of distress about jobs and personal finances.

Researchers also found an alarming increase among girls 10 to 14, whose suicide rate, while still very low, had tripled. The number of girls who killed themselves rose to 150 in 2014 from 50 in 1999. “This one certainly jumped out,” said Sally Curtin, a statistician at the center and an author of the report.

American Indians had the sharpest rise of all racial and ethnic groups, with rates rising by 89 percent for women and 38 percent for men. White middle-aged women had an increase of 80 percent.

The rate declined for just one racial group: black men. And it declined for only one age group: men and women over 75.
A Growing, Widespread Toll

From 1999 to 2014, suicide rates in the United States rose among most age groups. Men and women from 45 to 64 had a sharp increase. Rates fell among those age 75 and older.

The data analysis provided fresh evidence of suffering among white Americans. Recent research has highlighted the plight of less educated whites, showing surges in deaths from drug overdoses, suicides, liver disease and alcohol poisoning, particularly among those with a high school education or less. The new report did not break down suicide rates by education, but researchers who reviewed the analysis said the patterns in age and race were consistent with that recent research and painted a picture of desperation for many in American society.

“This is part of the larger emerging pattern of evidence of the links between poverty, hopelessness and health,” said Robert D. Putnam, a professor of public policy at Harvard and the author of “Our Kids,” an investigation of new class divisions in America.

The rise in suicide rates has happened slowly over many years. Federal health researchers said they chose 1999 as the start of the period they studied because it was a low point in the national suicide rate and they wanted to cover the full period of its recent sustained rise.

The federal health agency’s last major report on suicide, released in 2013, noted a sharp increase in suicide among 35- to 64-year-olds. But the rates have risen even more since then — up by 7 percent for the entire population since 2010, the end of the last study period — and federal researchers said they issued the new report to draw attention to the issue.

Policy makers say efforts to prevent suicide across the country are spotty. While some hospitals and health systems screen for suicidal thinking and operate good treatment programs, many do not.

“We have more and more effective treatments, but we have to figure out how to bake them into health care systems so they are used more automatically,” said Dr. Jane Pearson, chairwoman of the National Institute of Mental Health’s Suicide Research Consortium, which oversees the National Institutes of Health funding for suicide prevention research. “We’ve got bits and pieces, but we haven’t really put them all together yet.”

She noted that while N.I.H. funding for suicide prevention projects had been relatively flat — rising to $25 million in 2016 from $22 million in 2012 — it was a small fraction of funding for research of mental illnesses, including mood disorders like depression.

The new federal analysis noted that the methods of suicide were changing. About one in four suicides in 2014 involved suffocation, which includes hanging and strangulation, compared with fewer than one in five in 1999. Suffocation deaths are harder to prevent because nearly anyone has access to the means, Ms. Hempstead said. Death from guns fell for both men and women. Guns went from being involved in 37 percent of female suicides to 31 percent, and from 62 percent to 55 percent for men.

The question of what has driven the increases is unresolved, leaving experts to muse on the reasons.

Julie Phillips, a professor of sociology at Rutgers who has studied suicide among middle-aged Americans, said social changes could be raising the risks. Marriage rates have declined, particularly among less educated Americans, while divorce rates have risen, leading to increased social isolation, she said. She calculated that in 2005, unmarried middle-aged men were 3.5 times more likely than married men to die from suicide, and their female counterparts were as much as 2.8 times more likely to kill themselves. The divorce rate has doubled for middle-aged and older adults since the 1990s, she said.

Disappointed expectations of social and economic well-being among less educated white men from the baby-boom generation may also be playing a role, she said. They grew up in an era that valued “masculinity and self-reliance” — characteristics that could get in the way of asking for help.

“It appears this group isn’t seeking help but rather turning to self-destructive means of dealing with their despair,” Professor Phillips said.

Another possible explanation: an economy that has eaten away at the prospects of families on the lower rungs of the income ladder.

Dr. Alex Crosby, an epidemiologist at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, said he had studied the association between economic downturns and suicide going back to the 1920s and found that suicide was highest when the economy was weak. One of the highest rates in the country’s modern history, he said, was in 1932, during the Great Depression, when the rate was 22.1 per 100,000, about 70 percent higher than in 2014.

“There was a consistent pattern,” he said, which held for all ages between 25 and 64. “When the economy got worse, suicides went up, and when it got better, they went down.”

But other experts pointed out that the unemployment rate had been declining in the latter period of the study, and questioned how important the economy was to suicide.

The gap in suicide rates for men and women has narrowed because women’s rates are increasing faster than men’s. But men still kill themselves at a rate 3.6 times that of women. Though suicide rates for older adults fell over the period of the study, men over 75 still have the highest suicide rate of any age group — 38.8 per 100,000 in 2014, compared with just four per 100,000 for their female counterparts.


A version of this article appears in print on April 22, 2016, on page A1 of the New York edition with the headline: Sweeping Pain as Suicides Hit a 30-Year High.

U.S. Suicide Rate Surges to a 30-Year High,
NYT, April 22, 2016,






Oscars 2016:

Chris Rock Scores

and ‘Spotlight’ Takes Center Stage


FEB. 28, 2016

The New York Times





In a ceremony that became a raucous

diversity lesson under the guidance of its host,

Chris Rock, “Spotlight,” a newspaper drama

about the Roman Catholic

Church cover-up of sexual abuse by priests,

snatched top honors at the 88th Academy Awards

on Sunday. It beat out “The Revenant,”

which had been widely viewed as the favorite,

but which nevertheless earned a best actor prize for

Leonardo DiCaprio, his first Oscar,

and a best director award for Alejandro G. Iñárritu.


Michael Sugar, a “Spotlight” producer,

said he hoped the win

would “resonate all the way to the Vatican.”


“The Revenant” wound up capturing three Oscars

over all, compared with two for “Spotlight.’’


“Mad Max: Fury Road” led all films with six awards,

including several in the technical categories.

Oscars 2016: Chris Rock Scores and ‘Spotlight’ Takes Center Stage,
NYT, FEB. 28, 2016,






Hiring in U.S. Tapers Off

as Economy Fails to Gain Speed


April 5, 2013

The New York Times



It looks as if the spring swoon is back.

American employers added

an estimated 88,000 jobs to their payrolls last month,

compared with 268,000 in February,

according to a Labor Department report

released Friday.

It was the slowest pace of growth since last June,

and less than half of what economists had expected.

Hiring in U.S. Tapers Off as Economy Fails to Gain Speed,
NYT, 5.4.2013,






Electorate Reverts to a Partisan Divide

as Obama’s Support Narrows


November 6, 2012

The New York Times




With voters worn by hard times yet many of them

hopeful of better times ahead,

Americans reverted to more traditional lines

compared with the broader-based coalition

that made Barack Obama president four years ago.


Electorate Reverts to a Partisan Divide as Obama’s Support Narrows,
NYT, 6.11.2012,







The Warming Challenge


May 5, 2007

The New York Times



From a political and legislative perspective, the report could not have been more timely. A run of fortuitous events — including the panel’s first two reports, increased agitation at the state and local level, and the recent Supreme Court decision authorizing the government regulation of carbon dioxide — has elevated the warming issue in the public consciousness and on Congress’s list of priorities.

Moreover, many of the report’s proposals have already found a home in pending legislation. Bills to increase fuel efficiency in cars and trucks have been introduced in both houses; Jeff Bingaman, the Democrats’ Senate spokesman on energy matters, is drafting a measure that would require utilities to generate 15 percent of their electricity from wind and other renewable sources; Barbara Boxer, head of the Senate Environment and Public Works Committee, has offered an ambitious bill to greatly increase investments in alternative fuels.

None of these bills are surefire winners. But by showing that the costs of acting now will be trivial compared with the price to be paid if we do nothing, the report can only improve their chances.

The Warming Challenge, NYT, 5.5.2007,






Compared to the enormity of the war,

this is a paltry scandal

Cash for honours is a trifle when set against Iraq.
But our leaders can get away with anything
if the economy holds up


Tuesday January 23, 2007

The Guardian

Max Hastings


The boss of a big private equity business told me last week that he had received an approach from a City grey eminence. "What your firm needs," urged this hopeful hustler, "is a seriously high-profile public figure up front, flying the flag for you. For £4m, we can get you Tony Blair."

I disbelieve 50% of that story. Though I am sure the reported offer was made, Blair would not yet dare to authorise such an explicit advance in his name. But the proposal merely anticipated reality. A few months hence - or sooner if, as the Guardian reported yesterday, cash-for-honours charges against an aide prompt him to stand down early - he will be up there on the block, with an auctioneer demanding: "What am I offered for this dazzling ex-prime minister? Who will start me at £4m?"

Every kind of business on both sides of the Atlantic will want Tony. Here is the finest political speaker of his generation, world statesman and legendary charmer, available to make the keynote speech at your convention, open your shopping mall, add lustre to your board meeting, open doors to national leaders.

What is this, I hear you say, about tarnished reputations? Come off it. Even if half Blair's personal entourage wind up in Ford open prison for selling honours, such an outcome will not diminish by a farthing the former prime minister's marketability. He is a star. Just as evidence that Mel Gibson is a racist yob does not deter audiences from seeing his movies, investment bankers do not care if Blair has flogged Buckingham Palace to raise money for the Labour party.

And not merely bankers. I question if more than a fraction of the British public, most of them Guardian readers, are seriously exercised about the cash-for-honours scandal. They take the view, sheepishly shared by the Conservative frontbench, that this is the sort of thing all governments do. They expect no better from their politicians.


Compared to the enormity of the war, this is a paltry scandal,
G, 23.1.2007,






You must have been looking at a different set of screenshots to me if you think the PS3 looked better. While the graphics on 360 & PS3 certainly look to be in the same ballpark detail-wise compared to the Wii, the 360 seems to have sharper textures and better overall lighting.

The phenomen of PS3 screenshots looking lighter/washed out has been seen in comparisons by different websites using titles from different developers. So it's probable that it is not down to contrast or gamma settings.

I'm guessing that the lightness stems from there being fewer light sources and therefore less shadowing in the PS3 shots. There's a really nice comparison of Call of Duty 3 on PS3/360/Wii on gametrailers.com:


You can see that especially on the night maps, the PS3 scenes are very light throughout rather than using lots of light sources. In fact on the PS3 you can't see the muzzle flashes lighting up the models/enviroment.

Maybe this is down to the developer or maybe the PS3 isn't good at dynamic lights.

Posted by GranaryThorax

on December 7, 2006 3:43 PM.

PS3 vs Xbox 360 - a developer speaks,
Games blog,














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