grammaire anglaise > formes verbales > passif > formes passives
formes verbales / modales au passif
beauxiliaire + verbeparticipe passé (+ by + N)
Every day a child under 5 is killed
or Ø seriously injured on our roads
[ présent passif simple ]
The Guardian p. 13 3 August 2005
The young bride is institutionalized
[ présent passif ]
Steve Roper and Mike Nomad
COLLY (IS) BEATEN UP
BY RUGBY STARS
A pensioner and his wife
were being questioned by detectives last night
for allegedly buying an Albanian boy
whose father had traded him
for a colour TV set.
haveauxiliaire + been + verbeparticipe passé
modal + beauxiliaire + verbeparticipe passé
other rotten eggs... that should be recalled
28 August 2010
Growing Concern About Tainted Eggs After Recall
to -> beauxiliaire + verbeparticipe passé // mode infinitif + passif en français
Les formes passives
sont fréquentes en anglais
In Death, Girl, 2,
Is Caught in Fight Over Organs
NOV. 16, 2014
The New York Times
By KIM BARKER and NATE SCHWEBER
In Death, Girl, 2, Is
Caught in Fight Over Organs, NYT, 16.11.2014,
Michael Brown Was Struck
at Least 6 Times
AUG. 17, 2014
The New York Times
By FRANCES ROBLES
and JULIE BOSMAN
FERGUSON, Mo. — Michael Brown,
the unarmed black teenager who was killed by a police officer,
sparking protests around the nation,
was shot at least six times, including twice in the head,
a preliminary private autopsy performed on Sunday found.
Autopsy Shows Michael Brown Was Struck at
Least 6 Times,
When Emily Was Sold for Sex
FEB. 12, 2014
The New York Times
BOSTON — Emily, a 15-year-old ninth-grader,
ran away from home in early November,
and her parents are sitting at their dining table,
frightened and inconsolable.
The parents, Maria and Benjamin, both school-bus drivers,
have been searching for their daughter all along
and pushing the police to investigate.
They gingerly confess their fears that Emily, a Latina,
is being controlled by a pimp.
When Emily Was Sold for Sex, NYT, 12.2.2014,
Killer’s Mother Was Shot 4 Times,
December 18, 2012
The New York Times
By MICHAEL S. SCHMIDT
Killer’s Mother Was Shot 4 Times, Official Says, 18.12.2012,
It Was Hacked 13 Times Last Year
March 2, 2012
The New York Times
NASA said hackers broke into its computer systems 13 times last year,
stealing employee credentials
and gaining access to mission-critical projects
in breaches that could compromise U.S. national security.
NASA Says It Was Hacked 13 Times Last Year,
More Human Remains Are Found
on Long Island
February 18, 2012
Another set of human remains was discovered
in a wooded area of eastern Long Island
that has become a dumping ground for bodies over the years,
the authorities said on Saturday.
More Human Remains Are Found on Long
Island, NYT, 18.2.2012,
could be screened
before 9pm watershed
Watchdogs call for radical shakeup of advertising rules
Photo caption :
The ban on condoms being advertised on TV before 9pm
could be scrapped.
The historic ban on condoms being advertised on TV
before the 9pm watershed should be scrapped
as part of the drive to reduce
spiralling teenage pregnancy rates in the UK,
it will be recommended tomorrow,
as part of a radical shakeup of the rules governing advertising.
Pregnancy advisory services should also be permitted
to advertise for the first time on the radio,
under proposals resulting from the first major review
of national advertising codes for nearly 50 years.
The bodies responsible for looking after
the advertising codes will ask the public to give their views
on a series of proposed new, simplified advertising standards,
after an 18-month review.
The codes are written [ présent passif ]
by the Committee of Advertising Practice (CAP)
and the Broadcast Committee of Advertising Practice (Bcap)
[ by N : complément d'agent ] .
could be screened before 9pm watershed, G, 26.3.2010,
Carter Wins Release of American
in North Korea
The New York Times
SEOUL, South Korea —
Former President Jimmy Carter left North Korea
on Friday with Aijalon Mahli Gomes,
an American who was sentenced [ passé temporel passif ]
to eight years of hard labor
for illegally entering the country,
the Carter Center said.
Mr. Gomes was granted amnesty
by the North Korean leader, Kim Jong-il,
the Carter Center said in an e-mail. Mr. Gomes, 31,
and Mr. Carter boarded a plane at the Pyongyang Airport.
“It is expected [ présent passif ]
that Mr. Gomes will be returned [ modal + passif ]
to Boston, Mass., early Friday afternoon,
to be reunited [ infinitif passif ]
with his mother and other members of his family,”
the statement said.
Mr. Carter had been visiting Pyongyang, the North Korean capital,
on a private humanitarian mission to win the release of Mr. Gomes,
who was sentenced in April to eight years in a North Korean prison
and fined $700,000 for entering the country illegally.
There has also been speculation
that North Korea might try to use Mr. Carter
as a conduit to ease
tensions with the United States.
at the invitation of the North Korean government,
but it was not known whether he met with Mr. Kim,
the North Korean leader.
South Korean officials said Thursday that a special train
[ ellipse : which was ] believed to be carrying Mr. Kim
had entered China around midnight on Wednesday,
setting off speculation over what might have compelled him
to travel to his isolated government’s closest ally
Carter was visiting.
the South Korean authorities said his train had crossed the border
with China, traveling from the North Korean town of Manpo to Jian in China,
according to an official at the
presidential Blue House in Seoul.
spoke on the condition of anonymity because of the delicacy of the matter,
said Mr. Kim might be taking his son with him to introduce him formally
to Chinese leaders.
South Korean news outlets raised the same possibility.
according to South Korean officials.
North Korea is to convene a congress of its ruling Workers’ Party
early next month,
where Mr. Kim is expected [ présent passif ]
to rally popular support for his succession plans.
Carter Wins Release
of American in North Korea, NYT, 27.8.2010,
Auxiliaire du passif : be.
Comme le verbe be,
l'auxiliaire be se conjugue
au présent (singulier : am, are, is, pluriel : are, are, are).
au passé temporel (was / were).
He was [ beauxiliaire conjugué au passé temporel ] rushed
to the hospital a few minutes ago.
Au present perfect passif (1)
et au past perfect passif (2),
l'auxiliaire be est participe passé : been.
1 - He has been rushed to the hospital.
2 - He had been left for dead.
Ces énoncés ont donc chacun deux auxiliaires :
have - conjugué au présent (1) puis au passé temporel (2) -
et be au participe passé (been).
l'auxiliaire du passif, be,
apparaît en base verbale
(forme non conjuguée du verbe) :
You could be killed.
It can be said...
Dans un GV à la forme affirmative,
un modal (will, would, can, could, may, might, shall, should, must)
est toujours suivi de la base verbale : mod + BV.
Un adverbe peut s'insérer entre le modal et la base verbale.
Dans un groupe verbal (GV) au passif,
qu'il soit à la base verbale,
conjugué (présent ou passé temporel),
ou au participe passé,
est toujours suivi du participe passé du verbe
(ici done) :
Participe passé régulier ou irrégulier
Il y a deux catégories de verbes en anglais :
réguliers et irréguliers.
Chaque verbe irrégulier a sa propre forme participe passé.
take (base verbale) took (passé temporel) taken (participe passé)
cut cut cut
run ran run
show showed shown
find found found
shoot shot shot
Conjugaison > Exemple :
was [ beauxiliaire conjugué au passé temporel ]
shot [ participe passé du verbe irrégulier shoot ].
Les verbes réguliers
prennent régulièrement (toujours) -ed
au participe passé :
BV + -ed > jail + -ed = jailed
Exemple : He was jailed.
Five [ ellipse de beauxiliaire > are ] arrested
over fatal stabbing of teenager Zac Olumegbon
Boy of 15 was ambushed
at the gates of his school in south London,
and fell into the arms of his teacher
was confronted [ passé temporel passif ]
by four young men [ complément d'agent ]
at the gates of Park Campus School
in West Norwood yesterday morning.
He was stabbed several times
and afterwards fell into the arms of his teacher.
He was confirmed dead shortly after arriving at hospital.
Zac's 14-year-old companion ran back to the school
to seek safety after the attack,
but was also stabbed in the arm in the school grounds.
He was taken to hospital with minor injuries.
"I am now satisfied this was a planned attack,
with four black males arriving in the area in a car,"
said Det Ch Insp McFarlane
from the Metropolitan Police Homicide and Serious Crime Command
"Our inquiries have so far led me to believe that a confrontation
took place outside the school involving the two victims and the suspects.
"The victims were chased into Gipsy Road Gardens where,
sadly, the 15-year-old suffered fatal injuries.
"The 14-year-old then ran back to the school to seek safety,
but was attacked in the grounds of the school,
suffering minor injuries.
"Following the attack the four males left in the car
and headed in the direction of Gipsy Hill."
A local shopkeeper described
how Zac fell into the arms of a teacher after the attack.
"She had her hands open but it was too late
and he collapsed in her arms," said Saima Sadfdar.
"I was told there were three or four people with a big knife.
Apparently one of the teachers realised
something was going on and ran out to help."
She said she knew Zac, who was "no trouble".
Zac's family was too upset to comment
but his friends laid flowers near the murder scene.
Leonie Arecha, who said she was a friend of the dead teenager,
laid a bunch of flowers at the spot where he was killed.
An attached card read: "I will always remember you.
The good, the bad times no matter what.
I will always miss you and see you when I come up there."
We called him 'little Zac' and I had known him about a year.
He was funny, I really don't know why he
and hailed as the first school of its kind in Britain,
aimed at getting young people back into mainstream education.
a reputation for trouble since it opened.
Rose Gabriel, who lives nearby, said:
"We were kind of expecting something to kick off at some point.
It's a shame it had to happen like this."
were kept inside for questioning by teachers and police yesterday.
A post-mortem examination will be held [ modal + passif ]
at Greenwich Mortuary today.
Zac was the 13th teenager to be killed [ infinitif passif ]
in the capital this year.
Five arrested over fatal
stabbing of teenager Zac Olumegbon, G, 3.7.2010,
Souligné dans le texte original,
beauxiliaire peut porter l'accent de phrase
et valider / certifier, tel un sceau,
la relation prédicative :
Intelligence chief's bombshell:
We were overruled on dossier'
Headline, I, 4.1.2004
Dans un énoncé au passif,
le référent du sujet
est souvent (mais pas toujours)
présenté comme subissant l'action.
dans l'extralinguistique (la "réalité"),
le sujet est tout sauf secondaire
sur le plan linguistique :
cadré en gros plan,
le devant de la scène / de la phrase
(noter à nouveau, ci-dessous,
l'ellipse de beauxiliaire) :
The Guardian p. 8 30.10.2004
Two girls were caught [ passé temporel passif ] by police
throwing bricks at cars
from a footbridge over the M25
- but had to be released [ infinitif passif ]
because aged nine they were too young
to be prosecuted [ infinitif passif ].
Nine-year-olds caught throwing bricks on to M25, I, p. 11, 30.5.2003.
La voix passive
a ici le même effet
qu'un gros plan :
au lieu de cadrer
policiers et petites filles,
on isole dans un gros plan
les enfants - Two girls -,
sur laquelle s'abat
la main du policier /
de la police.
A noter qu'ici
le complément d'agent
- by police -
Dans nombre d'énoncés,
reste "hors champ" :
Ncomplément d'agent (introduit par by)
l'actif en passif,
c'est souvent renverser
changer d'angle, de plan,
d'échelle, de point de vue
(champ / contre-champ,
plongée / contre-plongée) :
Soon after Mrs. H. leaves the day care center,
she's pulled over by the police!
Rex Morgan Woody Wilson and Graham Nolan
Created in 1948 by Nicholas P. Dallis 1.11.2004
est d'abord à l'actif
(Une de l'édition internet
Sport: Bernhard Langer knocks out Vijay Singh
as Ernie Els scraps into the semi-finals
with his final putt.
puis repris au passif
dans le corps de l'article :
Goliath falls but Angel flies towards Els fire
The world No1 is knocked out by Langer
but the world No2 survives
to reach the semi-finals
Headline and sub, G, 16.10.2004
à un état passif
- le fait d'être victime,
de souffrir, de subir -
(la "réalité") :
'We want to play an old folks' home'
The Noisettes are being called Britain's best live band.
It's all about picking the right venues, they
tell Leonie Cooper
it is thought that...
It is expected that ...
Dans ces cas,
le passif anglais
peut se traduire
par la tournure impersonnelle
"on dit que / pense que /
s'attend à ce que... ";
par le conditionnel :
"La petite fille
blessée par balles à la poitrine
serait la plus jeune victime..."
rappel : structures passives fréquentes
passif simple (présent)
second US hostage is killed
(présent passif simple)
Victim of cannibal agreed to be eaten
modal + base verbale passive
Schoolgirls should be given
present perfect passif
I have been stoned,
I have been beaten.
past perfect passif
who had been convicted of six murders...
équivalent du subjonctif passif
Woman Is Burned Alive
in an Elevator in Brooklyn
Woman Is Burned Alive in an Elevator in Brooklyn, NYT, 17.12.2011,
after stabbing outside party
A teenager was stabbed to death in Sheffield
after a group of up to 40 people,
some armed with baseball bats and knives,
outside a 16-year-old girl's birthday party.
Parson Cross, just after 11pm on Saturday.
Witnesses said they saw the victim staggering in the street
before he collapsed.
was taken to hospital, where he died from his injuries,
held on suspicion of murder.
as officers searched gardens and alleyways
close to the murder scene.
The police called for witnesses.
to place flowers at the scene yesterday afternoon.
One said a fight had begun in the street
and had been between rival gangs.
"It all started after a bit of banter
and name-calling between the two gangs.
One of them walked off to go home
and then they all started fighting.
- some were carrying baseball bats and knives.
It lasted for about 10 minutes.
At one point two cars came screeching up the street
and you could hear them being trashed."
before collapsing on the ground.
but that a rival group turned up without
"There was a tremendous noise and I saw a lot of men fighting.
I didn't dare go out so I phoned the police.
The next thing I hear, someone has been stabbed."
Teenager dies after stabbing outside party, G, 8.9.2008,
Schoolgirls should be given contraceptive injections
to cut the rising number of teenage pregnancies,
according to the children's minister, Margaret Hodge.
Minister backs contraceptive
jabs to cut teen pregnancies, G, 16.11.2004,
Glimmer of hope for Briton
but second US hostage is killed
Iraq claims woman prisoner
[ ellipse de beauxiliaire > is ] to be released
Headline and sub,
Two of the seven million dollar challenges
that have baffled for more than a century
may be close to [ to préposition ] being solved
Maths holy grail could bring
disaster for internet, G, 7.9.2004,
A 15-year-old boy who died on Monday night
in a privately run child jail
was being physically restrained by three adult members of staff
when he lost consciousness, the Guardian has learned.
(...) is believed to be the youngest person in living memory
to die not by their own hand in a British penal institution.
The teenager, who had only arrived
at the Rainsbrook secure training centre, Northamptonshire,
run by Group 4, on Friday, to start his 12-month sentence,
is believed to have been restrained
by two men and a woman in his room.
A full-scale investigation by Northamptonshire detectives has begun
and will look at how Gareth "lost consciousness"
following "an incident" at Rainsbrook.
"It is too early to determine whether the death is suspicious or not,
but this is a very serious matter
and we will continue to investigate it thoroughly,"
a Northamptonshire police spokeswoman said.
The three members of staff directly involved
have been moved to other duties at Rainsbrook
which do not involve daily contact with the 76 children held there.
Last night Frances Crook, of the Howard League for Penal Reform,
called for the suspension of the staff involved,
pending a full investigation of the use of physical restraint.
"This is a unique and shocking case," Ms Crook said.
"There must be a full investigation into the use of physical restraint
in all penal institutions for children,
the prisons, local authority secure units
and the private secure training centres."
It is believed that an operations manager at Rainsbrook,
who has been exonerated of previous allegations
concerning bullying and coercion of children in his care,
was not directly involved in the incident
but gave Gareth first aid and also accompanied him to hospital.
A statement by the Youth Justice Board this week
said the exact cause of the "tragic death" was, as yet, unclear.
The statement said: "It is reported that (...) lost consciousness.
A duty nurse was called and attempted resuscitation
while an ambulance was called.
The ambulance arrived at 9.42pm
and he was taken to Walsgrave hospital in Coventry
where he was pronounced dead at 10.25pm."
Jailed teenager died after being restrained:
Three staff off care duties as death of boy, 15, is investigated, GI, p.7, 23.4.2004.
Blair to unveil crime superforce
to be launched [ infinitif passif ]
to take on the 'Mr Bigs'
of international criminal cartels
Tony Blair is to unveil a crime-busting superforce to tackle
organised drugs, vice and money-laundering operations
at a national and international level.
The Organised Crime Agency,
to be announced [ infinitif passif ] early next week,
will combine elements of police and law enforcement units,
such as the National Criminal Intelligence Service (NCIS) and Customs,
with highly-skilled financial and technology specialists
to fight increasingly sophisticated global criminal cartels.
sub and first §§, G, 7.2.2004,
Victim of cannibal
agreed to be eaten [ infinitif passif ]
Headline, G, 4.12.2003,
But, she alleges,
she was subsequently gang-raped
by up to seven other players
and forced to perform unnatural sexual acts.
Crisis rocks game, V, 7.10.2003.
A pensioner and his wife
were being questioned by detectives last night
for allegedly buying an Albanian boy
whose father had traded him for a colour TV set.
Pensioners 'bought' child
traded for TV set:
A Special Branch detective was stabbed to death
by a suspected Al Qaeda terrorist last night.
The 40-year-old married man was killed
during a raid on a house in Manchester
which had been under surveillance for days.
Four other officers were wounded
as police swooped on a man suspected of masterminding a plot
to launch a bio-terror attack on Britain.
The raid was linked to the discovery
of the deadly poison ricin in London earlier this month.
Greater Manchester Police said
three men of North African origin had been arrested.
The force's Special Branch had been conducting a joint operation
with MI5 watching the house in Crumpsall, North Manchester,
a rundown area of Victorian houses and modern blocks of flat.
It is believed that after police raided the property
and 'contained' the suspects, one managed to break away.
He grabbed a knife and launched a furious attack on officers,
leaving one dying from a chest wound.
None of the police had been armed.
It was not clear whether the murdered detective,
who was married with children,
was wearing protective clothing.
Five officers stabbed in raid in a suburban
Up to 140,000 people are thought to have been killed when an atomic bomb was dropped on the Japanese city of Hiroshima on August 6, 1945. As many as 80,000 died when a second device exploded in the skies above Nagasaki three days later. It was the first time nuclear weapons had been used to kill people and for almost six decades since, physicists have been laboriously trying to piece together exactly what happened during and in the immediate aftermath of the attacks.
Weapons like the bomb used on Nagasaki were tested after the war, so scientists knew a fair amount about what must have happened there during the blast. But with Hiroshima things were more complex, partly because the bomb dropped there was a one-off - nothing like it was ever used again.
Now, almost 58 years to the day after the Hiroshima bomb was dropped, scientists think they have all the answers they will ever get about events that day. Using recently discovered large-scale Japanese maps from the time, sophisticated computer models and new radiation measurements taken from old lightning rods and guttering, the scientists from Japan and America have completed a painstaking reconstruction of events in Hiroshima.
This is more than mere scientific curiosity. The reconstruction is already being used to better estimate the doses of radiation received by the people who survived the attack. This information is used to set everything from their financial compensation from the Japanese government to safety limits on modern-day exposures to radiation.
In a Japanese census in 1950, some 280,000 people said they had been exposed to radiation from one of the two atomic bombs. The crucial question was: how much? Human exposure to dangerous levels of radiation is extremely rare, so the atomic bomb survivors provide the best evidence of what the effects are. By comparing the radiation doses the survivors received with the illnesses they later developed, scientists try to work out how lower exposures to radiation may trigger cancer. Every time you have an x-ray, for example, the safety data used to set your dose of radiation can be directly traced back to the events at Hiroshima. Likewise for patients receiving radiotherapy and for those people working in nuclear power stations.
The day the sky exploded:
Scientists have finally pieced together exactly
what happened when an atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima, G/G2, p. 13, 31.7.2003.
Young people in a child jail
are being locked in their bedrooms in breach of Home Office rules
as a way of controlling them,
according to a government inspection report.
Inmates excluded from education are locked alone in a bedroom
for the duration of morning or afternoon lessons
at the Medway Secure Training Centre, near Rochester.
The report demands an immediate review of "single separation"
which the social services inspection team found
fell short of acceptable standards.
The child jail is also criticised
for failing to tackle criminal attitudes and antisocial behaviour.
Staff are accused of using language
that could be seen as offensive to teenagers
from ethnic minority backgrounds.
It highlights "coloured" and "half-caste"
as words used to describe some young inmates.
Although the report found the staff at the centre
were less likely to resort to physical restraint
in dealing with disruptive behaviour than in the past,
single separation was being used as a means of control
more widely than acceptable under national guidance and regulations.
The Home Office contract stated
that young people should be put in their bedrooms
only at night between the hours of 9.30pm and 7.30am
or exceptionally when necessary for their own safety,
the safety of others or the security of the centre.
The report also found that life at the centre,
which is run by Rebound ECD, a subsidiary of Group 4,
had been disrupted
by management difficulties and high staff turnover.
A social services inspectorate report in 1999
found that excessive force was used to keep order.
Wrist and neck locks were used to control offenders aged 12 to 14
and physical restraint was used by staff 150 times a month.
Young offenders locked in bedrooms, source à préciser, 2003.
The reality matched the hype yesterday as the latest Harry Potter book
continued to fly off the shelves at a record rate.
More than 1m copies of Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix
are estimated to have been sold in Britain over the weekend.
An average of 220 copies were bought every minute
at Tesco supermarkets, with 317,400 copies sold
by the chain in the first 24 hours
after the book went on sale at one minute past midnight on Saturday.
Harry casts worlwide spell, GI, p. 5, 23.6.2003.
Black people are five times more likely than white people
to be stopped and searched by police and, once arrested,
are more likely to be remanded in custody
than other offenders charged with similar sentences.
Black people six times more likely to be jailed than whites, O, p. 9, 29.12.2002.
A credit card that tells you "Don't spend any more, you're far too drunk"
is being developed by Tesco for those whose thrift is addled by alcohol.
Credit card that tells you when you're drunk in charge, GE, p. 6, § 1, 18.1.2003.
Thousands of children are being smuggled into Europe
from war-ravaged Somalia every year,
with Britain the most popular destination,
according to a UN report released yesterday.
Somali children in exodus to Europe, GE, p. 9, § 1, 18.1.2003.
The burglar who was injured by Tony Martin
after breaking into his home
is to sue the farmer for £15,000 compensation for loss of earnings,
it emerged yesterday.
Burglar wounded in break-in will sur for loss of earnings, GE, p. 4, 24.12.2002.
All young people are to be warned
about the dangers of crack cocaine amid growing evidence
that dealing it is seen as an attractive career option by some,
under a Home Office strategy unveiled yesterday.
Crack warning for the young, GE, p. 4, 24.12.2002.
Forty new jails would have to be built [ infinitif passif ]
to cope with a prison population
which will reach almost 110,000 by the end of the decade,
according to Home Office statistics published yesterday.
40 new jails needed as courts get tougher, T, p. 12, 10.12.2002.
A terrorist who had been convicted [ past perfect passif ] of six murders
was found shot dead in a wood at the weekend
in a suspected suicide just weeks
after he had been released [ past perfect passif ]
Eta murderer commits suicide after release, T, p. 16, 25.11.2002.
Man dies from rabbies
after being bitten by bat
Headline, GE, p. 2, 25.11.2002.
The two suspects were taken without a struggle.
After their arrest in the early hours of the morning,
a rifle of the same calibre used in the attacks was found in their car,
along with telescopic sights and a tripod.
A hole had been drilled [ past perfect passif ]
in the boot of the two men's Chevrolet,
which could have allowed them to shoot from the car
if they had pushed the back seat down
to make an improvised sniper's nest.
Found asleep but
ready to kill: Gulf veteran and the teenager,
An Italian photographer was killed by Israeli machine-gun fire
in fierce fighting in central Ramallah yesterday.
He was the first foreign journalist to be killed [ infinitif passif ]
in the 18 months of the Palestinian uprising.
A French photographer was injured by shrapnel yesterday
and an Egyptian cameraman was hit when Israeli troops shot at his car
– which was marked with TV signs –
but the bullets were stopped by his flat jacket.
Israeli shots kill journalist, GE, p. 6, 14.3.2002.
In Santiago City, Philippines, mobiles are banned in public
to "forestall the occurrence of accident and disturbance".
Hi, I'm in G2, G2, p. 5, 11.11.2002.
Railtrack and Thames Trains are to be prosecuted
over their roles in the 1999 Paddington rail crash,
in which 31 people died and a further 500 were injured,
it was announced yesterday.
Paddington rail crash to be prosecuted, GE, p. 5, 14.3.2002.
Doctors will be put on the alert tomorrow for new cases of TB
amid fears that outbreaks of the deadly disease are being misdiagnosed.
Doctors put on TB alert, O, p. 7, 24.3.2002.
‘I have been stoned, I have been beaten.
[ present perfect passif ]
My family is in hiding.’
Thousands flee Mugabe retribution, O, p. 25, 25.3.2002.
An attempt was made to kidnap Princess Anne
as she drove along The Mall in London.
Her car was ambushed and shot at,
with one bullet passing between her and Captain Mark Phillips.
The gunman was chased into St. James’ Park
where he was apprehended.
Ian Ball (right) was detained
without limit of time under the Mental Health Act.
of bid to kill royal bodyguard,
énoncés modalisés au passif
modal + beauxiliaire + participe passé
The Guardian Society 1 p. 13 21 June 2006
The Guardian p. 15 24.6.2006
Condom ads could be screened
before 9pm watershed
Watchdogs call for radical shakeup of advertising rules
to stem rise in teenage pregnancies
Thursday 26 March 2009
The historic ban on condoms being advertised on TV before the
9pm watershed should be scrapped as part of
the drive to reduce spiralling teenage pregnancy rates in the UK, it
will be recommended tomorrow, as part of a
radical shakeup of the rules governing advertising.
Voir aussi > Anglonautes > Grammaire anglaise > Niveau avancé