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grammaire anglaise > be + -ing > valeurs et sens > focalisation

 

gros plan, coup de projecteur,

alerte

 

 

valeurs subjective, emphatique,

revendicative, démonstrative,

explicative

 

 

théâtralisation,

dramatisation

et validation

du sujet (thème),

avec souvent

une mise en avant

de l'énonciateur

et

une forte implication

de la personne

qui reçoit l'information

 

 

 

 

 

We’re Losing the War Against Bacteria, Here's Why | NYT        8 April 2019

 

Bacteria are rebelling.

They’re turning the tide against antibiotics

by outsmarting our wonder drugs.

 

This video explores the surprising reasons.

 

YouTube

https://www.youtube.com/
watch?v=OL8B1ZVLqSQ

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In South Sudan,

People Are Dying Of Hunger

As Civil War Continues

 

 

 

Dans la proposition principale

 

- People Are Dying Of Hunger -

 

be + -ing

donne à ce qui est dit

une tonalité théâtrale /

un mode emphatique :

 

pour le journaliste,

c'est l'information

la plus importante

(Civil War Continues

est une information

contextuelle).

 

 

Ce n'est pas forcément

un scoop (breaking news),

mais avec be + -ing

le journaliste

fait un "gros plan",

alerte ses lecteurs

sur la famine

dans ce pays.

 

 

 

 

Dans la proposition

subordonnée de temps

 

- As Civil War Continues -

 

le présent simple

sert ici à donner,

sans affect,

ce fait / cette info brute :

il y a une guerre civile

au Soudan du sud.

 

 

 

 

Dans l'énoncé ci-dessous,

le journaliste part

d'un autre parti-pris,

en choisissant de rester

neutre, informatif et factuel :

les deux propositions

sont au présent simple.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Doing it all wrong: Hite on sex and subjugation

G

Friday April 28, 2006

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2006/apr/28/gender.lifeandhealth  

 

Let's talk about sex

It's 30 years since she first alerted men and women

to their problem with sex but, says Shere Hite,

we're still not doing it right.

Will she ever tire of investigating the female orgasm?

She talks to Catherine Bennett

G

Friday April 28, 2006

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2006/apr/28/gender.lifeandhealth

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Guardian        p. 8        28.2.2007

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Guardian        p. 13        26.2.2007

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Guardian        p. 31        15.2.2007

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Guardian        p. 26        3 March 2007

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Guardian        p. 15        9 February 2007

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

29 August 2005

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

23 May 2005

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

30 December 2004

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7 March 2005

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Economist - North America Edition        26 February 2005

http://www.economist.com/printedition/cover_index.cfm
http://www.economist.com/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Guardian        p. 2        9 September 2005

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Guardian        p. 22        10 September 2004

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Guardian        p. 3        5 April 2006

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Guardian        G2        p. 26        8 February 2006

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Guardian        p. 16        11.3.2006

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Guardian        p. 8        10 March 2006

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Guardian        p. 5        10 March 2006

 

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Met chief tells politicians:

you are putting us in an impossible position

 

Martin Kettle

Wednesday November 16, 2005

The Guardian

 

Britain's most senior police chief will tonight call for a wide-ranging debate on the kind of force the country needs after the London bombings in July. The Metropolitan police commissioner, Sir Ian Blair, will use the annual Dimbleby lecture on BBC1 to argue that the terrorist attacks in the capital on July 7 have changed the nature of the policing challenge.

Talking to the Guardian ahead of the lecture, Sir Ian warned that without a change in the way policing is debated, there is a danger of "drift" into further political controversies like last week's Commons row over 90-day detention powers. Controversial modern police strategies such as armed response, which resulted in the shooting of Jean Charles de Menezes in July, are developing in a "totally private" environment dominated by the police themselves. "We need to come into a place where we can discuss these issues in reasonable, compassionate debate. They can't go on being private," he said.

Met chief tells politicians: you are putting us in an impossible position,
G, 16.11.2005,
https://www.theguardian.com/uk/2005/nov/16/ukcrime.terrorism

 

 

 

 

 

Focus

Attention!

The Anglo-Saxons are coming!

 

Today's vote
is more about the economic shape of the Union
than the constitution, says Heather Stewart.
There is concern that France would be open
to alien corporate influences

 

Sunday May 29, 2005

The Observer

 

Jacques Chirac's rousing call to arms on Friday, warning French voters they have 'a part of Europe's destiny in their hands,' may have swung today's referendum, persuading the French to say 'oui' to Europe's new constitution - but, whatever the outcome, the tussle between the French establishment and the 'non' camp has laid bare profound differences about Europe's economic future.

Chancellor Gordon Brown optimistically announced last week that he hopes to use Britain's presidency of the European Union, in the second half of this year, to press for deeper 'structural reforms'. Brown believes his EU partners should copy UK plc in making their labour markets more flexible, encouraging competition, and throwing open their markets to foreign competition.

If the French say no, he has little hope of success. To French anti-constitution campaigners, proposals such as these represent exactly the Anglo-Saxon model of unfettered capitalism that they believe is enshrined in the new document and that France should reject. With unemployment running at more than 10 per cent - twice the rate in Britain - and a perception that the new accession countries in central and eastern Europe are creating fierce competition for investment and jobs, there is a desire in France to turn back the tide.

Headline, sub and first §§,
O, 29.5.2005,
https://www.theguardian.com/business/2005/may/29/
politics.europeanunion
 

 

 

 

 

 

Britain [ is ] 'sliding into police state'

 

The home secretary, Charles Clarke,

is transforming Britain into a police state,

one of the country's former leading anti-terrorist police chiefs

said yesterday.

 

George Churchill-Coleman,

who headed Scotland Yard's anti-terrorist squad

as they worked to counter the IRA during their mainland attacks

in the late 1980s and early 1990s, said Mr Clarke's proposals

to extend powers, such as indefinite house arrest,

were "not practical" and threatened to further

marginalise minority communities.

 

Mr Churchill-Coleman told the Guardian:

"I have a horrible feeling

that we are sinking into a police state,

and that's not good for anybody.

We live in a democracy

and we should police on those standards.

Britain 'sliding into police state' ,
G, 28.1.2005,
https://www.theguardian.com/uk/2005/jan/28/
terrorism.humanrights1

 

 

 

 

 

Comment

The radical

who is leading a new English revolution

 

The Belmarsh ruling

was not simply a judicial rush of blood to the head

 

Martin Kettle

Tuesday December 21, 2004

The Guardian

 

England is living through revolutionary times. Yet the man who is leading this English revolution is barely known to the public at large, maintains a modest profile even when he is fulfilling his public duties, and could pass unremarked in almost any street in the land as he does his Christmas shopping.

Last week's law lords ruling in the case of the Belmarsh detainees provided a rare lightning flash illuminating the much wider revolution that Lord Bingham is currently crafting in the English constitution. His fellow law lords may have provided more quotable and even questionable comments as they delivered their eight to one verdict against the home secretary's powers of executive detention under the anti-terrorist laws. But it was Lord Bingham's scrupulously balanced and argued 47-page lead judgment that nailed the central legal challenge to the government's door.

To realise just how radically the relationship between the judiciary and the government is now changing, it is important to understand how a previous generation of law lords responded to a similar issue of executive detention. The difference between what the law lords said then and what the law lords say now underscores how big an event took place last week.

The radical who is leading a new English revolution:
The Belmarsh ruling was not simply a judicial rush of blood to the head,
G, 21.12.2004,
https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2004/dec/21/
humanrights.britainand911 

 

 

 

 

 

Britain is conniving in torture

 

Prisoner abuse cannot be justified

on moral or utilitarian grounds


It may seem hard to believe,

but torture is very much

on the minds of British officials these days.

Not whether the practice should be condemned.

On the contrary, whether it should be used here.

There are many in high places who believe it should.

Headline, sub and §1,
G, 14.12.2004,
http://www.guardian.co.uk/guantanamo/story/0,13743,1373084,00.html

 

 

 

 

 

'No one came in to clean it.

Three weeks later

the blood was still lying on the floor'

 

For any pensioner, the prospect of surgery in hospital is worrying, but for Bob McReight it is terrifying.

The 75-year-old had to have a leg amputated after contracting MRSA at the old Royal Infirmary in Edinburgh. Four years later, his wife Margaret, now aged 68, was in the same hospital and she also caught the disease. She still has problems walking.

Mr McReight now has problems with his elbows. He says the prospect of returning to hospital, albeit another one this time, is shattering for both him and his wife.

"I am dead scared to go in. But I won't go if they won't let me come home. I am not staying in after the operation. If they are not going to do that, I am not going. I don't trust those people," said the retired lorry driver yesterday.

Headline and first §§, I, 7.12.2004,
http://news.independent.co.uk/uk/health_medical/story.jsp?story=590478

 

 

 

 

 

The woman who is taking on Wal-Mart

 

Betty Dukes, a California supermarket worker,

is leading the biggest civil rights lawsuit in US history

Headline and sub, O, 27.6.2004,
http://www.guardian.co.uk/supermarkets/story/0,12784,1248349,00.html

 

 

 

 

 

We're losing the malaria battle

 

A Chinese plant extract offers hope,

but only if Britain is prepared to act decisively,

writes Sarah Boseley

Headline and sub, G, 3.6.2004,
https://www.theguardian.com/society/2004/jun/03/
science.science

 

 

 

 

 

How trains, planes and parties

are driving Britain barking mad

 

Noise pollution is the new curse of urban living.

Nicholas Pyke reveals the UK's worst offenders

 

The temperatures are rising and so are the tempers.

Down countless streets

the thud of bass through open car windows,

the shrieks of thoughtless open-air party-goers

and the high-volume sound of a TV or music centre

are fraying the nation's nerves as never before.

The decibels of summer are the new urban menace,

and Britons are no longer prepared to suffer in silence.

Headline, sub and §1, IoS, 23.5.2004,
http://news.independent.co.uk/uk/environment/story.jsp?story=524002

 

 

 

 

 

ID cards

are beginning to look like Blunkett's Iraq

 

There may be a case for this scheme,

but saying 'trust me' isn't enough

Headline and sub, Comment page, G, 27.4.2004,
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2004/apr/27/
humanrights.politics

 

 

 

 

 

Unemployment time bomb

is ticking inside list of benefit claimants

 

University team says dole queue

is far longer than ministers claim

    Headline, G, 22.5.2004,
    http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/story/0,3604,1222325,00.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Guardian        p. 18        19.2.2005

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Middle East diplomacy

At least they're thinking of talking

 

Beirut

Despite the bloody stalemate between Israel and the Palestinians,

Arabs elsewhere are trying to think up peaceful ways of breaking it

Headline and sub, E, p. 36, 31.1.2004/6.2.2004.

 

 

 

 

 

Help, they're poisoning us.

 

To the owners and managers of Union Carbide Corporation:

You have known for 15 years that the soil and water

at your Bhopal factory are poisoned

and that this poses a serious threat to the groundwater

and thus to our drinking wells.

You never warned us.

We found out only after a court in New York ordered

you to hand over secret documents.

Bhopal medical appeal / Pesticide action network ad, p. 13, 28.2.2004.

Photo : trois enfants au regard triste, dont deux fixent l'objectif.

 

 

 

 

 

Abbey's standard variable rate is changing

 

The Bank of England have changed their interest rate,

so we're changing our standard variable rate of interest for mortgages.

Abbey ad, G, p. 11, 17.2.2004.

 

 

 

 

 

Smothered by cover:

why are borrowers paying for protection they don't need?

It's big business for banks

but bad news for millions of consumers.

Sam Dunn investigates loan insurance

Headline and sub, I, 7.3.2004,
http://money.independent.co.uk/personal_finance/insurance/story.jsp?story=498594

 

 

 

 

 

Ministers are breaking the law

 

Lord Woolf, the Lord Chief Justice,

infuriated the Government last night

by condemning asylum reform as a threat to the rule of law

and calling proposed constitution changes "second-class"

Headline and sub, T web frontpage, 4.3.2004.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Guardian        p. 9        10.9.2004

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

enquêtes journalistiques

 

titre, sous-titre, information principale

 

 

 

 

Lorsque le sujet de l'article

n'est pas une information "qui tombe",

mais le résultat d'une enquête,

d'une recherche exclusive, d'une réflexion,

et donc d'un engagement personnel du journaliste,

le titre, le sous-titre ou la première phrase

est souvent au présent en be + -ing.

 

 

Traduction explicative :

moi-journaliste-auteur et personne d'autre,

j'ai enquêté sur ce sujet et je suis en mesure de vous apprendre

que / de vous affirmer que / de vous expliquer pourquoi...

 

A cet valeur d'engagement ,personnel

peut s'ajouter une valeur emphatique :

 

 

 

 

22.11.2004

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Guardian    p. 22    19.4.2005    Comment page

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Annual cost of a child's toys: £715

 

Polly Curtis

Friday June 10, 2005

The Guardian

 

Parents are spending an average of £715 a year

on toys for each of their children,

[ reformulation du titre = anaphore textuelle > effet emphatique ]

despite resenting having their arms twisted,

according to new research.

Merchandise tied to the latest blockbusters,

such as the Star Wars Millennium Falcon

and Superman figurines,

are the least popular with parents.

Some 17% of those questioned said

they resented buying film and TV merchandise for their children,

a further 14% said they did not like buying dolls and teddies,

and another 14% said they opposed

buying more traditional board games and puzzles.

Collectively, parents are spending £8bn a year on toys and games,

amounting to an average of £37 a month plus £175 for Christmas

and £96 for birthdays per child.

By the age of 16,

children have owned more than £11,000 worth of toys,

according to the survey of 1,000 parents

commissioned by the internet bank Egg.

Headline and first §§, G, 10.6.2005,
https://www.theguardian.com/money/2005/jun/10/shopping.toys

 

 

 

 

 

Class Matters

Richest Are Leaving Even the Rich Far Behind

 

Published: June 5, 2005

The New York Times

By DAVID CAY JOHNSTON

 

When F. Scott Fitzgerald pronounced

that the very rich "are different from you and me,"

Ernest Hemingway's famously dismissive response was:

"Yes, they have more money."

Today he might well add: much, much, much more money.

The people at the top of America's money pyramid

have so prospered in recent years

that they have pulled far ahead of the rest of the population,

an analysis of tax records and other government data

by The New York Times shows.

They have even left behind

people making hundreds of thousands of dollars a year.

Call them the hyper-rich.

Richest Are Leaving Even the Rich Far Behind,
NYT, 5.6.2005,
http://www.nytimes.com/2005/06/05/national/class/HYPER-FINAL.html

 

 

 

 

 

She's Winning Her Drug War

By ANDREW POLLACK

 

    Jim Wilson/The New York Times

 

A bookworm since childhood,

Susan Desmond-Hellmann says

that she coped with job anxiety earlier this year by reading.

She pored over the results of old clinical trials of her company's drugs,

trying to reassure herself

that three important new trials would turn out all right.

"I just kept going back and rereading them,"

said Dr. Desmond-Hellmann,

the president for product development

at Genentech, the big biotechnology company.

"It's important to be data-driven and not too optimistic."

Her attention to data has paid off. In the last two months,

Genentech has reported remarkable success in all three trials,

involving two of its cancer drugs.

The successes follow a 17-month period ended late last year

in which the company had four new drugs

approved by the Food and Drug Administration,

a notable hot streak in the drug industry.

At a time when many pharmaceutical companies

are flailing in their efforts to develop drugs

- a major factor in the abrupt resignation on Thursday

of Merck's chief executive, Raymond V. Gilmartin

- Genentech has become a model of innovation

and a leading supplier of cancer drugs.

And Genentech executives and outside analysts

say much of the credit goes to Dr. Desmond-Hellmann,

who runs the company's clinical trials.

A cancer specialist by training who is invariably described

as smart, friendly, level-headed and attuned to the feelings of patients,

she is one of the few women

in the uppermost echelons of the pharmaceutical business

and on Fortune magazine's

list of the 50 most powerful women in business.

She's Winning Her Drug War, NYT, 7.5.2005,
http://www.nytimes.com/2005/05/07/business/07genentech.html

 

 

 

 

 

We're paying the price of living longer

 

With 70,000 people a year

selling their home to meet care costs,

Esther Shaw asks how the state intends

to avert a crisis

 

Anyone with an elderly parent

knows that deciding to move him or her into a care home

is one of the toughest decisions they will ever make.

And financial worries may well add to the stress,

for most families in this situation will have to face

the question of how their relative's care is to be paid for.

Under current rules, people with capital of more than £20,000 -

including the value of their home -

must pay the full cost of their own long-term care.

This is no easy feat, given that residential or nursing home places

currently cost on average around £25,000 a year.

Research from Help the Aged's Care Fees Advice Service

shows that 70,000 older people

are forced to sell their homes each year

to raise the necessary cash.

It's the only option left for one in five pensioners

who need to go into care, the charity's report says.

Not only that, but the number of elderly homeowners affected

will increase over the coming decades,

as nursing costs soar and life expectancy rises.

Headline, sub and first §§, The Independent online edition, 6.2.2005,
http://money.independent.co.uk/personal_finance/invest_save/story.jsp?story=608139

 

 

 

 

 

Women Are Gaining Ground on the Wage Front

 

By LOUIS UCHITELLE

Published: December 31, 2004

 

Ever since the 2001 recession

sent the economy into a prolonged period of weak hiring,

hundreds of thousands of men and women have gone through

some variation of Tom and Marie DeSisto's experience.

    Women Are Gaining Ground on the Wage Front, NYT, 31.12.2004,
    http://www.nytimes.com/2004/12/31/business/31wage.html

 

 

 

 

 

From Essex to NYC:

why Angel J is learning to do it for herself

 

This weekend Angel J

is choosing between a tempting array of major recording contracts.

Not bad for someone who started the year as just another teenager from Essex

with a troubled academic record and some excess attitude.

Since then she has been visited by a series of top A&R men from New York

who are considering launching the 18-year-old

in a city that is notoriously difficult for British artists to break into.

    Headline and §1, O, 14.11.2004,
    http://www.guardian.co.uk/arts/news/story/0,11711,1350984,00.html

 

 

 

 

 

Microsoft

Bug trouble

Sep 2nd 2004
From The Economist print edition

 

Microsoft's increased focus on security

is having unintended consequences

Economist, headline and sub, 2.9.2004,
http://www.economist.com/business/displayStory.cfm?story_id=3158694

 

 

 

 

 

Are British taxpayers getting value for money?

 

Health and education are improving

but not by enough to quell worries about

whether taxpayers are getting value for money

Web frontpage headline, E, 8.7.2004.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Guardian        p. 20        Comment page

https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2004/nov/09/
labour.policy 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

énonciation première

 

titres emphatiques au présent simple

 

 

 

28.12.2004

 

 

 

 

Certains titres emphatiques

sont au présent simple.

 

 

Leur force sémantique est telle

qu'une transposition en be + -ing

serait inutile et créerait presque un faux sens

(mais si, moi énonciateur je t'assure que...).

 

 

Nul besoin ici "d'en rajouter"

avec be + -ing.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Voir aussi > Anglonautes > Grammaire anglaise > Niveau avancé

 

be + -ing

 

 

be + -ing

anaphores > implication du co-énonciateur

 

 

be + -ing / présent simple

légendes de photographies de presse

 

 

suite d'énoncés en be + -ing