gros plan, coup de projecteur,
valeurs subjective, emphatique,
du sujet (thème),
une mise en avant
une forte implication
de la personne
qui reçoit l'information
We’re Losing the War Against Bacteria, Here's Why | NYT 8 April 2019
Bacteria are rebelling.
They’re turning the tide against antibiotics
by outsmarting our wonder drugs.
This video explores the surprising reasons.
In South Sudan,
People Are Dying Of Hunger
As Civil War Continues
Dans la proposition principale
- People Are Dying Of Hunger -
be + -ing
donne à ce qui est dit
une tonalité théâtrale /
un mode emphatique :
pour le journaliste,
la plus importante
(Civil War Continues
est une information
Ce n'est pas forcément
un scoop (breaking news),
mais avec be + -ing
fait un "gros plan",
alerte ses lecteurs
sur la famine
dans ce pays.
Dans la proposition
subordonnée de temps
- As Civil War Continues -
le présent simple
sert ici à donner,
ce fait / cette info brute :
il y a une guerre civile
au Soudan du sud.
Dans l'énoncé ci-dessous,
le journaliste part
d'un autre parti-pris,
en choisissant de rester
neutre, informatif et factuel :
les deux propositions
sont au présent simple.
Doing it all wrong: Hite on sex and subjugation
Friday April 28, 2006
Let's talk about sex
It's 30 years since she first alerted men and women
to their problem with sex but, says Shere Hite,
we're still not doing it right.
Will she ever tire of investigating the female orgasm?
She talks to Catherine Bennett
Friday April 28, 2006
The Guardian p. 8 28.2.2007
The Guardian p. 13 26.2.2007
The Guardian p. 31 15.2.2007
The Guardian p. 26 3 March 2007
The Guardian p. 15
9 February 2007
29 August 2005
23 May 2005
30 December 2004
7 March 2005
The Economist - North America Edition 26 February 2005
The Guardian p. 2 9 September 2005
The Guardian p. 22 10 September 2004
The Guardian p. 3 5 April 2006
The Guardian G2 p. 26 8 February 2006
The Guardian p. 16 11.3.2006
The Guardian p. 8 10 March 2006
The Guardian p. 5 10 March 2006
Met chief tells politicians:
you are putting us in an impossible position
Wednesday November 16, 2005
Britain's most senior police chief will tonight call for a wide-ranging debate on the kind of force the country needs after the London bombings in July. The Metropolitan police commissioner, Sir Ian Blair, will use the annual Dimbleby lecture on BBC1 to argue that the terrorist attacks in the capital on July 7 have changed the nature of the policing challenge.
Talking to the Guardian ahead of the lecture, Sir Ian warned that without a change in the way policing is debated, there is a danger of "drift" into further political controversies like last week's Commons row over 90-day detention powers. Controversial modern police strategies such as armed response, which resulted in the shooting of Jean Charles de Menezes in July, are developing in a "totally private" environment dominated by the police themselves. "We need to come into a place where we can discuss these issues in reasonable, compassionate debate. They can't go on being private," he said.
Met chief tells
politicians: you are putting us in an impossible position,
The Anglo-Saxons are coming!
Sunday May 29, 2005
Jacques Chirac's rousing call to arms on Friday, warning French voters they have 'a part of Europe's destiny in their hands,' may have swung today's referendum, persuading the French to say 'oui' to Europe's new constitution - but, whatever the outcome, the tussle between the French establishment and the 'non' camp has laid bare profound differences about Europe's economic future.
Chancellor Gordon Brown optimistically announced last week that he hopes to use
Britain's presidency of the European Union, in the second half of this year, to
press for deeper 'structural reforms'. Brown believes his EU partners should
copy UK plc in making their labour markets more flexible, encouraging
competition, and throwing open their markets to foreign competition.
Britain [ is ] 'sliding into police state'
The home secretary, Charles Clarke,
is transforming Britain into a police state,
one of the country's former leading anti-terrorist police chiefs
who headed Scotland Yard's anti-terrorist squad
as they worked to counter the IRA during their mainland attacks
in the late 1980s and early 1990s, said Mr Clarke's proposals
to extend powers, such as indefinite house arrest,
were "not practical" and threatened to further
marginalise minority communities.
Mr Churchill-Coleman told the Guardian:
"I have a horrible feeling
that we are sinking into a police state,
and that's not good for anybody.
We live in a democracy
and we should police on those standards.
who is leading a new English revolution
The Belmarsh ruling
was not simply a judicial rush of blood to the head
Tuesday December 21, 2004
England is living through revolutionary times. Yet the man who is leading this English revolution is barely known to the public at large, maintains a modest profile even when he is fulfilling his public duties, and could pass unremarked in almost any street in the land as he does his Christmas shopping.
Last week's law lords ruling in the case of the Belmarsh
detainees provided a rare lightning flash illuminating the much wider revolution
that Lord Bingham is
currently crafting in the English constitution. His fellow law lords
may have provided more quotable and even questionable comments as they delivered
their eight to one verdict against the home secretary's powers of executive
detention under the anti-terrorist laws. But it was Lord Bingham's scrupulously
balanced and argued 47-page lead judgment that nailed the central legal
challenge to the government's door.
The radical who is
leading a new English revolution:
Britain is conniving in torture
Prisoner abuse cannot be justified
on moral or utilitarian grounds
but torture is very much
on the minds of British officials these days.
Not whether the practice should be condemned.
On the contrary, whether it should be used here.
There are many in high places who believe it should.
Headline, sub and §1,
'No one came in to clean it.
Three weeks later
the blood was still lying on the floor'
For any pensioner, the prospect of surgery in hospital is
worrying, but for Bob McReight it is terrifying.
Headline and first
§§, I, 7.12.2004,
The woman who is taking on Wal-Mart
Betty Dukes, a California supermarket worker,
is leading the biggest civil rights lawsuit in US history
Headline and sub, O, 27.6.2004,
We're losing the malaria battle
A Chinese plant extract offers hope,
but only if Britain is prepared to act decisively,
writes Sarah Boseley
How trains, planes and parties
are driving Britain barking mad
Noise pollution is the new curse of urban living.
Nicholas Pyke reveals the UK's worst offenders
The temperatures are rising and so are the tempers.
Down countless streets
the thud of bass through open car windows,
the shrieks of thoughtless open-air party-goers
and the high-volume sound of a TV or music centre
are fraying the nation's nerves as never before.
The decibels of summer are the new urban menace,
and Britons are no longer prepared to suffer in silence.
Headline, sub and
§1, IoS, 23.5.2004,
are beginning to look like Blunkett's Iraq
There may be a case for this scheme,
but saying 'trust me' isn't enough
Unemployment time bomb
is ticking inside list of benefit claimants
University team says dole queue
is far longer than ministers claim
The Guardian p. 18 19.2.2005
Middle East diplomacy
At least they're thinking of talking
Despite the bloody stalemate between Israel and the Palestinians,
Arabs elsewhere are trying to think up peaceful ways of breaking it
Headline and sub, E, p. 36, 31.1.2004/6.2.2004.
Help, they're poisoning us.
To the owners and managers of Union Carbide Corporation:
You have known for 15 years that the soil and water
at your Bhopal factory are poisoned
and that this poses a serious threat to the groundwater
and thus to our drinking wells.
You never warned us.
We found out only after a court in New York ordered
you to hand over secret documents.
Bhopal medical appeal / Pesticide action network ad, p. 13, 28.2.2004.
Photo : trois enfants au regard triste, dont deux fixent l'objectif.
Abbey's standard variable rate is changing
The Bank of England have changed their interest rate,
so we're changing our standard variable rate of interest for mortgages.
Abbey ad, G, p. 11, 17.2.2004.
Smothered by cover:
why are borrowers paying for protection they don't need?
It's big business for banks
but bad news for millions of consumers.
Sam Dunn investigates loan insurance
and sub, I, 7.3.2004,
Ministers are breaking the law
Lord Woolf, the Lord Chief Justice,
infuriated the Government last night
by condemning asylum reform as a threat to the rule of law
and calling proposed constitution changes "second-class"
Headline and sub, T web frontpage, 4.3.2004.
The Guardian p. 9 10.9.2004
titre, sous-titre, information principale
Lorsque le sujet de l'article
n'est pas une information "qui tombe",
mais le résultat d'une enquête,
d'une recherche exclusive, d'une réflexion,
et donc d'un engagement personnel du journaliste,
le titre, le sous-titre ou la première phrase
est souvent au présent en be + -ing.
Traduction explicative :
moi-journaliste-auteur et personne d'autre,
j'ai enquêté sur ce sujet et je suis en mesure de vous apprendre
que / de vous affirmer que / de vous expliquer pourquoi...
A cet valeur d'engagement ,personnel
peut s'ajouter une valeur emphatique :
Guardian p. 22 19.4.2005 Comment page
Annual cost of a child's toys: £715
Friday June 10, 2005
Parents are spending an average of £715 a year
on toys for each of their children,
[ reformulation du titre = anaphore textuelle > effet emphatique ]
despite resenting having their arms twisted,
according to new research.
Merchandise tied to the latest blockbusters,
such as the Star Wars Millennium Falcon
and Superman figurines,
are the least popular with parents.
Some 17% of those questioned said
they resented buying film and TV merchandise for their children,
a further 14% said they did not like buying dolls and teddies,
and another 14% said they opposed
buying more traditional board games and puzzles.
Collectively, parents are spending £8bn a year on toys and games,
amounting to an average of £37 a month plus £175 for Christmas
and £96 for birthdays per child.
By the age of 16,
children have owned more than £11,000 worth of toys,
according to the survey of 1,000 parents
commissioned by the internet bank Egg.
Headline and first
§§, G, 10.6.2005,
Richest Are Leaving Even the Rich Far Behind
Published: June 5, 2005
The New York Times
By DAVID CAY JOHNSTON
When F. Scott Fitzgerald pronounced
that the very rich "are different from you and me,"
Ernest Hemingway's famously dismissive response was:
"Yes, they have more money."
Today he might well add: much, much, much more money.
The people at the top of America's money pyramid
have so prospered in recent years
that they have pulled far ahead of the rest of the population,
an analysis of tax records and other government data
by The New York Times shows.
They have even left behind
people making hundreds of thousands of dollars a year.
Call them the hyper-rich.
Richest Are Leaving
Even the Rich Far Behind,
She's Winning Her Drug War
By ANDREW POLLACK
Jim Wilson/The New York Times
A bookworm since childhood,
Susan Desmond-Hellmann says
that she coped with job anxiety earlier this year by reading.
She pored over the results of old clinical trials of her company's drugs,
trying to reassure herself
that three important new trials would turn out all right.
"I just kept going back and rereading them,"
said Dr. Desmond-Hellmann,
the president for product development
at Genentech, the big biotechnology company.
"It's important to be data-driven and not too optimistic."
Her attention to data has paid off. In the last two months,
Genentech has reported remarkable success in all three trials,
involving two of its cancer drugs.
The successes follow a 17-month period ended late last year
in which the company had four new drugs
approved by the Food and Drug Administration,
a notable hot streak in the drug industry.
At a time when many pharmaceutical companies
are flailing in their efforts to develop drugs
- a major factor in the abrupt resignation on Thursday
of Merck's chief executive, Raymond V. Gilmartin
- Genentech has become a model of innovation
and a leading supplier of cancer drugs.
And Genentech executives and outside analysts
say much of the credit goes to Dr. Desmond-Hellmann,
who runs the company's clinical trials.
A cancer specialist by training who is invariably described
as smart, friendly, level-headed and attuned to the feelings of patients,
she is one of the few women
in the uppermost echelons of the pharmaceutical business
and on Fortune magazine's
list of the 50 most powerful women in business.
She's Winning Her
Drug War, NYT, 7.5.2005,
We're paying the price of living longer
With 70,000 people a year
selling their home to meet care costs,
Esther Shaw asks how the state intends
to avert a crisis
Anyone with an elderly parent
knows that deciding to move him or her into a care home
is one of the toughest decisions they will ever make.
And financial worries may well add to the stress,
for most families in this situation will have to face
the question of how their relative's care is to be paid for.
Under current rules, people with capital of more than £20,000 -
including the value of their home -
must pay the full cost of their own long-term care.
This is no easy feat, given that residential or nursing home places
currently cost on average around £25,000 a year.
Research from Help the Aged's Care Fees Advice Service
shows that 70,000 older people
are forced to sell their homes each year
to raise the necessary cash.
It's the only option left for one in five pensioners
who need to go into care, the charity's report says.
Not only that, but the number of elderly homeowners affected
will increase over the coming decades,
as nursing costs soar and life expectancy rises.
Headline, sub and first §§, The Independent
online edition, 6.2.2005,
Women Are Gaining Ground on the Wage Front
By LOUIS UCHITELLE
Published: December 31, 2004
Ever since the 2001 recession
sent the economy into a prolonged period of weak hiring,
hundreds of thousands of men and women have gone through
some variation of Tom and Marie DeSisto's experience.
Women Are Gaining
Ground on the Wage Front, NYT, 31.12.2004,
From Essex to NYC:
why Angel J is learning to do it for herself
This weekend Angel J
is choosing between a tempting array of major recording contracts.
Not bad for someone who started the year as just another teenager from Essex
with a troubled academic record and some excess attitude.
Since then she has been visited by a series of top A&R men from New York
who are considering launching the 18-year-old
in a city that is notoriously difficult for British artists to break into.
Headline and §1, O,
Sep 2nd 2004
Microsoft's increased focus on security
is having unintended consequences
Economist, headline and sub, 2.9.2004,
Are British taxpayers getting value for money?
Health and education are improving
but not by enough to quell worries about
whether taxpayers are getting value for money
Web frontpage headline, E, 8.7.2004.
The Guardian p. 20 Comment page
titres emphatiques au présent simple
Certains titres emphatiques
sont au présent simple.
Leur force sémantique est telle
qu'une transposition en be + -ing
serait inutile et créerait presque un faux sens
(mais si, moi énonciateur je t'assure que...).
Nul besoin ici "d'en rajouter"
avec be + -ing.
Voir aussi > Anglonautes > Grammaire anglaise > Niveau avancé