Les anglonautes

About | Search | Grammar | Vocapedia | Learning | Docs | Stats | History | News podcasts - Videos | Arts | Science | Translate

 Previous Home Up Next

 

grammaire anglaise > verbe à préposition en contexte

 

verbe à l'actif, au passif, à l'infinitif

 

 

actif

 

V  +  préposition  +  Nobjet

 

Pilots call for summit on air marshals

 

 

 

 

 

actif

 

Nobjet antéposé  Nsuje V  +  préposition

 

The everyday fear of violence

every woman has to cope with

 

 

 

 

 

passif

 

Nsuje beauxiliaire  +  participe passé  +  préposition  +  Nobjet

 

Tories were accused of "apeing" the British National Party yesterday

 

 

 

 

 

infinitif

 

toviseur -> BV + préposition

 

an offer to smile about.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CSV ad        The Guardian        Technology        p. 8        28 June 2007

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

deal with N

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2020/03/05/
811387424/face-masks-not-enough-are-made-in-america-to-deal-with-coronavirus

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Guardian        Society        p. 43        26.7.2006

Guardianjobs ad > cropped by Anglonautes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Guardian        p. 12        17 December 2008

http://digital.guardian.co.uk/guardian/2008/12/17/pdfs/gdn_081217_ber_12_21476088.pdf

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Guardian        p. 1        20 April 2007

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Guardian        p. 7        9 December 2005

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Guardian        p. 11        9 December 2005

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Les verbes à préposition

sont des verbes transitifs indirects.

 

 

Transitifs :

ils ont un objet > Do you want to talk about it?

 

 

Indirects :

la relation verbe-objet

transite par une préposition :

 

cope with Nobjet

 

talk about Nobjet

 

listen to Nobjet

 

deal with Nobjet

 

think of Nobjet

 

 

On appelle ce type de verbe :

Vtransitif (il a un Nobjet) indirect (Nobjet transite par une préposition)

 

 

 

Dans un énoncé

Nsujet - Vtransitif indirect - Nobjet,

la préposition relie le verbe à son objet :

 

Nsujet    P   Nobjet

Michigan's Tart Cherry Orchards Struggle To Cope

With Erratic Spring Weather

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sens

 

Comme la particule adverbiale

dans les verbes à particule adverbiale,

la préposition peut modifier

le sens de l'élément verbal :

 

 

call for Nobjet :

réclamer, appeler / appeler à (au sens politique du terme)

 

Trump Calls For Apple Boycott,

But Lawmakers Don't See Clear Path In iPhone Case

Updated February 19, 2016

NPR
http://www.npr.org/2016/02/19/
467397269/trump-calls-for-apple-boycott-but-lawmakers-dont-see-clear-path-in-iphone-case

 

 

call on Nobjet : appeler, "inviter"


Pope Calls On Christians To Abolish Death Penalty

February 21, 2016

NPR
http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/02/21/
467549565/pope-calls-on-christians-to-abolish-death-penalty

 

 

Autres exemples :

 

run (courir) -> run into Nobjet (dans la rue, "tomber" sur quelqu'un).

 

turn (tourner) -> turn into Nobjet (transformer, adapter) -> 5.

 

stand (se tenir) -> stand by Nobjet  ("défendre / soutenir / considérer",

"maintenir / s'en tenir à") -> 6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Verbes à préposition en anglais et en français

 

Comme le montre l'énoncé 1 ci-dessous,

il n'y a pas toujours d'équivalence syntaxique

entre le français et l'anglais.

 

La syntaxe n'est pas la même :

 

enter -> entrer dans / en

 

 

 

 

Autres exemples :

 

think of Nobjet -> penser à, considérer

https://www.npr.org/2019/04/20/
715224514/100-dances-for-100-years-of-merce-cunningham

http://www.npr.org/2016/06/01/
480145849/what-is-football-doing-to-us-as-a-people

http://www.npr.org/sections/allsongs/2016/05/19/
478510693/all-songs-1-a-conversation-with-paul-simon

 

 

look at Nobjet -> regarder Nobjet

 

 

listen to Nobjet -> écouter Nobjet

 

 

approve of Nobjet -> approuver Nobjet

 

 

pray to Nobjet -> prier Nobjet

 

 

owe Nobjet -> devoir à Nobjet / attribution

 

 

Le verbe peut parfois être séparé

de sa préposition par un complément (3-4).

 

 

 

Dans certains cas,

Nobjet peut être antéposé à la proposition :

 

The everyday fear of violence every woman has to cope with

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1 -    Tories were accused of "apeing" the British National Party

yesterday over a leaflet claiming seven asylum seekers will enter Britain

the time it takes an elector to vote in next Thursday's local elections.

Tories accused of apeing BNP, GE, p.4, 26.4.2003.

 

 

 

 

 

2 -    'It reminds me of Barcelona

with the curvy shapes'

Headline, 3.3.2004,
https://www.theguardian.com/uk/2004/mar/03/arts.shopping

 

 

 

 

 

3 -    Martin McGuinness was accused at the Saville Inquiry

of letting his loyalty to IRA secrecy

stop the families of 13 civilians killed on Bloody Sunday

from ever discovering the truth

when he refused to disclose information

about IRA locations on the day.

Silent witness, T, p.1, 5.11.2003.
Main article: McGuinness's IRA loyalty 'obstacle to Bloody Sunday truth",
p. 4.

 

 

 

 

 

4 -    Ministers were accused last night

of failing to prepare Britain

for an 11 September-style terrorist attack

after it emerged that the police

and the Army lack enough specialists

to cope with such an atrocity.

Terror attack plans hit by troops shortage, I, 31.12.2003,
http://news.independent.co.uk/uk/politics/story.jsp?story=477115

 

 

 

 

 

5 -    Di-di-di-di dah-dah, di-di-di-di daaaah.

Di-di-di-di dah dah, di-di-di-di daaaah!

It's the most recognised TV theme song,

and now it'll get stuck in your head all over again.

The 70s cop show Hawaii Five-O

is to be turned into a movie.

Film deal for Hawaii Five-O, G, 10.9.2004,
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2004/sep/10/media.film

 

 

 

 

 

6 -    Attorney general stands by new act as 'the law of the land'

Hunt lobby in court for fight to overturn ban, sub,
G,
26.1.2005,
http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2005/jan/26/hunting.immigrationpolicy

 

 

A forensic pathologist hired by Jeffrey Epstein's family said he believes

Epstein's autopsy suggests homicide rather than suicide.

But New York City's chief medical examiner stands by her conclusion that

Epstein died by hanging himself.

Jeffrey Epstein Case: Expert Hired By His Family Suggests Doubt On Suicide Finding,
NPR,
October 30, 2019 4:55 PM ET,
https://www.npr.org/2019/10/30/
774838950/jeffrey-epstein-case-expert-hired-by-his-family-suggests-doubt-on-suicide-findin

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

verbe à préposition en contexte > autres énoncés

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The everyday fear of violence

every woman has to cope with

 

Men's rights internet forums

are seeking to distance themselves

from last week's mass murder

by a misogynist in California

– but it didn't happen in a vacuum

The everyday fear of violence every woman has to cope with, G. 1.6.2014,
http://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2014/jun/01/
mens-rights-internet-forums-distance-from-misogynist-mass-murder
 

 

 

 

 

 

Gene scientists

turn waste into fuel for Europe's cars

Forget the tiger. Put some mushrooms in your tank, O, 21.11.2004,
https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2004/nov/21/travelandtransport.transportintheuk

 

 

 

 

 

Pensions report

calls for radical shake-up

and hints at compulsory saving

Headline, G, 13.10.2004,
http://money.guardian.co.uk/pensionsincrisis/story/0,12199,1326113,00.html
- broken link

 

 

 

 

 

Bush team 'knew of abuse' at Guantánamo

 

Evidence of prisoner abuse and possible war crimes at Guantánamo Bay

reached the highest levels of the Bush administration as early as autumn 2002,

but Donald Rumsfeld, the defence secretary, chose to do nothing about it,

according to a new investigation published exclusively in the Guardian today.

Headline and §1, G, 13.9.2004,
https://www.theguardian.com/media/2004/sep/13/pressandpublishing.usnews

 

 

 

 

 

Europe 's space chiefs have backed a suicide mission

which will end in a head-on collision with an approaching asteroid.

Astronomers so far know of about 1,200 objects in space

more than half a mile across

which might one day collide with Earth.

    Crash mission to deflect Earth-bound asteroid:
    Project given high priority by Europe's space agency , G, 16, 7, 2004,
    https://www.theguardian.com/science/2004/jul/16/spaceexploration.research

 

 

 

 

 

Witnesses [ are ] told of seeing

at least 50 bodies lined up on the roadside.

This year up to 2 million people converged on the area

around the holy city of Mecca, western Saudi Arabia.    

    244 pilgrims killed in stampede during devil stoning ritual, G, 2.2.2004,
    https://www.theguardian.com/world/2004/feb/02/saudiarabia.owenbowcott

 

 

 

 

 

Victim Support is the independent charity

which helps people cope with the effects of crime.

We provide free and confidential support and information

to help you deal with your experience.   

    Victim support site, 23.1.2004,
    http://www.victimsupport.org/

 

 

 

 

 

A revolution in the law that governs IVF treatment

- which would end the requirement for women

to find a man to act as father to their child -

will be called for today

by the head of Britain's fertility regulator.   

    Fathers no longer required: Fertility chief signals an IVF revolution, I, 21.1.2004,
    http://news.independent.co.uk/uk/health/story.jsp?story=483234

 

 

 

 

 

Pilots call for summit on air marshals 

    Headline, G, 7.1.2004,
    https://www.theguardian.com/uk/2004/jan/07/terrorism.september11

 

 

 

 

 

BBC chiefs knew of Coke chart deal

 

Senior BBC executives knew about a controversial deal

with Coca-Cola to sponsor the music charts

before it was signed, the Guardian has learned.

Although the corporation spent the past week insisting

it was "not party" to the deal between the drinks giant

and the Official UK Charts Company,

which compiles the Top 40,

it failed to say that Radio 1's controller, Andy Parfitt,

was told of the negotiations and discussed the issue

with colleagues last month.

Headline and first §§, G, 8.12.2003,
https://www.theguardian.com/media/2003/dec/08/broadcasting.bbc

 

 

 

 

 

'UK ill-prepared to deal with terror'

 

Britain is ill-prepared to deal with a major disaster

such as a large-scale terrorist attack because of underfunding,

a leading emergency planner said today.

Headline and §1, PA, 27.9.2003.

 

 

 

 

 

We ran up, down and across the footbridge.

The railway children, G magazine, p. 3, 2.8.2003.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Voir aussi > Anglonautes > Grammaire anglaise > Groupe Verbal - Niveau avancé

 

verbes à particule adverbiale / verbes à préposition / verbes à préfixe

 

prépositions + N