grammaire anglaise >
prépositions > in + N
> différents sens
mise en perspective,
objectif bien connu,
domaine / secteur,
father 'immensely proud'
of critically injured Tom Jackson
Les Jackson says his ‘sole focus’ is his son,
left fighting for his life
after attack at Queensland hostel
in which fellow Briton Mia Ayliffe-Chung was
The father of a British knife attack victim
who is on life support in a far
north Queensland hospital,
has spoken of his immense pride
in his son.
Tom Jackson, 30, suffered multiple wounds
on Tuesday at a hostel at Home Hills,
about 100km south of Townsville,
while trying to protect fellow Briton Mia Ayliffe-Chung,
who was stabbed to death.
“There are many and varied reasons why we are,
and always will be, immensely proud of Tom.
His actions in
response to this horrific attack
only add to that sense of pride,”
Les Jackson said in
a statement released on Sunday
by Townsville hospital.
Les Jackson, who travelled from Britain last week
to be at his son’s bedside,
said he’d received many offers of support and friendship
from the Townsville community.
“Please don’t think I am unappreciative of these kind offers
if they appear to be silently ignored,” he said.
“They have not been but I think you will understand
that our sole focus at the moment is entirely on Tom’s
“We are in
awe of the medical and support staff
at the Townsville hospital who are providing
the greatest care Tom could hope to receive
and keeping me informed of his ongoing treatment
every step of the way.
“Finally, and most importantly, our hearts go out to Mia
and her family and friends at this dreadful time.”
Tom Jackson remains in
a critical condition,
a hospital spokesman said on Sunday.
Frenchman Smail Ayad, who was staying at the hostel,
is accused of murdering Ayliffe-Chung and stabbing Jackson
as well as killing a dog and injuring a dozen police after his
Police deemed him too aggressive to appear
in Townsville magistrates court
where his case was adjourned until 28 October.
father 'immensely proud' of critically
injured Tom Jackson,
28 August 2016,
Roughly one in five
lives with a disability.
So where is our pride movement?
AUG. 19, 2016
Aug. 19, 2016,
7 Chicago Officers
Could Be Fired
In Laquan McDonald's Death
August 18, 2016
9:25 PM ET
Chicago Police Superintendent Eddie Johnson
has recommended that seven officers
be fired for providing false
in the shooting death of 17-year-old Laquan McDonald.
Chicago's police superintendent
is recommending seven officers be fired
finding that they gave false statements in the 2014
shooting death of
17-year-old African-American Laquan McDonald
by a white officer.
Superintendent Eddie Johnson
announced the recommendations in a statement Thursday.
"The Department and its outside counsel
have carefully reviewed the reports and
videos, and other evidence," the statement reads,
will accept the [city's inspector general's]
to submit seven of the officers to the Police Board for
7 Chicago Officers Could Be Fired In Laquan McDonald's Death,
August 18, 2016,
In Ill Doctor,
a Surprise Reflection
of Who Picks Assisted Suicide
August 11, 2012
The New York Times
By KATIE HAFNER
SEATTLE — Dr. Richard Wesley has amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, the incurable
disease that lays waste to muscles while leaving the mind intact. He lives with
the knowledge that an untimely death is chasing him down, but takes solace in
knowing that he can decide exactly when, where and how he will die.
Under Washington State’s Death With Dignity Act, his physician has given him a
prescription for a lethal dose of barbiturates. He would prefer to die
naturally, but if dying becomes protracted and difficult, he plans to take the
drugs and die peacefully within minutes.
“It’s like the definition of pornography,” Dr. Wesley, 67, said at his home here
in Seattle, with Mount Rainier in the distance. “I’ll know it’s time to go when
I see it.”
Washington followed Oregon in allowing terminally ill patients to get a
prescription for drugs that will hasten death. Critics of such laws feared that
poor people would be pressured to kill themselves because they or their families
could not afford end-of-life care. But the demographics of patients who have
gotten the prescriptions are surprisingly different than expected, according to
data collected by Oregon and Washington through 2011.
Dr. Wesley is emblematic of those who have taken advantage of the law. They are
overwhelmingly white, well educated and financially comfortable. And they are
making the choice not because they are in pain but because they want to have the
same control over their deaths that they have had over their lives.
While preparing advance medical directives and choosing hospice and palliative
care over aggressive treatment have become mainstream options,
physician-assisted dying remains taboo for many people. Voters in Massachusetts
will consider a ballot initiative in November on a law nearly identical to those
in the Pacific Northwest, but high-profile legalization efforts have failed in
California, Hawaii and Maine.
Oregon put its Death With Dignity Act in place in 1997, and Washington’s law
went into effect in 2009. Some officials worried that thousands of people would
migrate to both states for the drugs.
“There was a lot of fear that the elderly would be lined up in their R.V.’s at
the Oregon border,” said Barbara Glidewell, an assistant professor at Oregon
Health and Science University.
That has not happened, although the number of people who have taken advantage of
the law has risen over time. In the first years, Oregon residents who died using
drugs they received under the law accounted for one in 1,000 deaths. The number
is now roughly one in 500 deaths. At least 596 Oregonians have died that way
since 1997. In Washington, 157 such deaths have been reported, roughly one in
In Oregon, the number of men and women who have died that way is roughly equal,
and their median age is 71. Eighty-one percent have had cancer, and 7 percent
A.L.S., which is also known as Lou Gehrig’s disease. The rest have had a variety
of illnesses, including lung and heart disease. The statistics are similar in
There were fears of a “slippery slope” — that the law would gradually expand to
include those with nonterminal illnesses or that it would permit physicians to
take a more active role in the dying process itself. But those worries have not
been borne out, experts say.
Dr. Wesley, a pulmonologist and critical care physician, voted for the
initiative when it was on the ballot in 2008, two years after he retired. “All
my career, I believed that whatever makes people comfortable at the end of their
lives is their own choice to make,” he said.
But Dr. Wesley had no idea that his vote would soon become intensely personal.
In the months before the vote, he started having trouble lifting weights in the
gym. He also noticed a hollow between his left thumb and index finger where
muscle should be. A month after casting his vote, he received a diagnosis of
A.L.S. Patients with the disease typically live no more than four years after
the onset of symptoms, but the amount of time left to them can vary widely.
In the summer of 2010, after a bout of pneumonia and with doctors agreeing that
he most likely had only six months to live, Dr. Wesley got his prescription for
barbiturates. But he has not used them, and the progression of his disease has
slowed, although he now sits in a wheelchair that he cannot operate. He has lost
the use of his limbs and, as the muscles around his lungs weaken, he relies
increasingly on a respirator. His speech is clear, but finding the air with
which to talk is a struggle. Yet he has seized life. He takes classes in
international politics at the University of Washington and savors time with his
wife and four grown children.
In both Oregon and Washington, the law is rigorous in determining who is
eligible to receive the drugs. Two physicians must confirm that a patient has
six months or less to live. And the request for the drugs must be made twice, 15
days apart, before they are handed out. They must be self-administered, which
creates a special challenge for people with A.L.S.
Dr. Wesley said he would find a way to meet that requirement, perhaps by tipping
a cup into his feeding tube.
The reasons people have given for requesting physician-assisted dying have also
Dr. Linda Ganzini, a professor of psychiatry at Oregon Health and Science
University, published a study in 2009 of 56 Oregonians who were in the process
of requesting physician-aided dying.
“Everybody thought this was going to be about pain,” Dr. Ganzini said. “It turns
out pain is kind of irrelevant.”
At the time of each of the 56 patients’ requests, almost none of them rated pain
as a primary motivation. By far the most common reasons, Dr. Ganzini’s study
found, were the desire to be in control, to remain autonomous and to die at
home. “It turns out that for this group of people, dying is less about physical
symptoms than personal values,” she said.
The proposed law in Massachusetts mirrors those in Oregon and Washington.
According to a telephone survey conducted in May by the Polling Institute at
Western New England University, 60 percent of the surveyed voters supported
“allowing people who are dying to legally obtain medication that they could use
to end their lives.”
“Support isn’t just from progressive Democrats, but conservatives, too,” said
Stephen Crawford, a spokesman for the Dignity 2012 campaign in Massachusetts,
which supports the initiative. “It’s even a libertarian issue. The thinking is
the government or my doctor won’t control my final days.”
Such laws have influential opponents, including the Roman Catholic Church, which
considers suicide a sin but was an early leader in encouraging terminal patients
to consider hospice care. Dr. Christine K. Cassel, a bioethicist who is
president of the American Board of Internal Medicine, credits the church with
that effort. “But you can see why they can go right up to that line and not
cross over it,” she said.
The American Medical Association also opposes physician-assisted dying. Writing
prescriptions for the drugs is antithetical to doctors’ role as healers, the
group says. Many individual physicians share that concern.
“I didn’t go into medicine to kill people,” said Dr. Kenneth R. Stevens, an
emeritus professor of radiation oncology at Oregon Health and Science University
and vice president of the Physicians for Compassionate Care Education
Dr. Steven Kirtland, who has been Dr. Wesley’s pulmonologist for three years,
said he had little hesitation about agreeing to Dr. Wesley’s request, the only
prescription for the drugs that Dr. Kirtland has written.
“I’ve seen a lot of bad deaths,” Dr. Kirtland said. “Part of our job as
physicians is to help people have a good death, and, frankly, we need to do more
Dr. Wesley’s wife, Virginia Sly, has come to accept her husband’s decision. Yet
she does not want the pills in the house, and he agrees. “It just feels so
negative,” she said. So the prescription remains at the pharmacy, with the drugs
available within 48 hours.
There are no studies of the psychological effect of having a prescription on
hand, but experts say many patients who have received one find comfort in
knowing they have or can get the drugs. About a third of those who fill the
prescription die without using it. “I don’t know if I’ll use the medication to
end my life,” Dr. Wesley said. “But I do know that it is my life, it is my
death, and it should be my choice.”
In Ill Doctor, a Surprise Reflection of Who Picks Assisted Suicide,
Global Arms Sales
Dropped Sharply in 2010,
September 23, 2011
The New York Times
By THOM SHANKER
WASHINGTON — The global economic crisis may set off upheaval
and even unrest, but the ability of the world’s governments to buy new military
hardware was sharply curtailed last year by strains on their national
treasuries, according to a new Congressional study.
Worldwide arms sales in 2010 totaled $40.4 billion, a drop of 38 percent from
the $65.2 billion in arms deals signed in 2009 and the lowest total since 2003,
the study found.
Even in this tight market, the United States maintained its dominating position
in the global arms bazaar, signing $21.3 billion in worldwide arms sales, or
52.7 percent of all weapons deals, a drop from $22.6 billion in 2009.
Russia was second with $7.8 billion in arms sales in 2010, or 19.3 percent of
the market, compared with $12.8 billion in 2009. Following the United States and
Russia in sales were France, Britain, China, Germany and Italy.
Developing nations continued to be the primary focus of foreign arms sales,
according to the report, by the nonpartisan Congressional Research Service, a
division of the Library of Congress. The annual study is considered the most
detailed collection of unclassified global arms sales data available to the
The report found that the total value of arms transfer deals with developing
nations last year was $30.7 billion, or 76.2 percent of worldwide deals. That
was a drop from $49.8 billion in 2009.
India, which signed $5.8 billion in weapons transfer deals, was the top
purchaser in the developing world last year, followed by Taiwan with $2.7
billion in agreements and Saudi Arabia with $2.2 billion in deals. Other major
purchasers were Egypt, Israel, Algeria, Syria, South Korea, Singapore and
The United States was not only the largest weapons supplier last year, but also
the main source of weapons to the developing world, accounting for about $14.9
billion of these deals — or 48.6 percent. That was a striking rise from 2009,
when its sales of $15.1 billion to developing nations accounted for 30.3 percent
of the market.
Russia was second in arms deals with developing nations last year, signing $7.6
billion in agreements, or about 24.7 percent.
“Worldwide weapons sales declined generally in 2010 in response to the
constraints created by the tenuous state of the global economy,” wrote Richard
F. Grimmett, a specialist in international security at the Congressional
Research Service and author of the study.
“In view of budget difficulties faced by many purchasing nations, they chose to
defer or limit the purchase of new major weapons systems,” he wrote. “Some
nations chose to limit their buying to upgrades of existing systems or to
training and support services.”
To compare weapons sales over various years, the study used figures in 2010
dollars, with amounts for previous years adjusted for inflation to give a
constant financial measurement.
Global Arms Sales
Dropped Sharply in 2010, Study Finds,
Infant Deaths Climb in South
April 22, 2007
The New York Times
By ERIK ECKHOLM
HOLLANDALE, Miss. — For
[ durant / pendant plusieurs décennies ],
Mississippi and neighboring states
with large black populations and expanses of enduring poverty
made [ prétérit
] steady progress in reducing infant death.
But, in what health experts call an ominous portent,
has stalled [ present
and in recent years
the death rate has risen
[ present perfect ]
in Mississippi and
several other states.
In Turnabout, Infant
Deaths Climb in South,
Voir aussi > Anglonautes >
Grammaire anglaise > Niveau
prépositions + N
present perfect (have +
p. passé) > marqueurs de temps