grammaire anglaise >
After Boeing Crashes,
More People Want Help
Taming Fear Of Flying
(ne pas confondre avec offadverbe)
jump off Shangai tower
p. 15 6.10.2004
Guardian Film & Music
Letters and emails p. 33
19 February 2007
p. 38 19 February 2007
p. 2 18 July 2006
Turns Some Powers of
Back to States
The New York Times
By SAM DILLON
declaration on Friday that he would waive the most contentious provisions of a
federal education law, President Obama effectively rerouted the nation’s
education history after a turbulent decade of overwhelming federal influence.
Mr. Obama invited states to reclaim the power to design their own school
accountability and improvement systems, upending the centerpiece of the Bush-era
No Child Left Behind law, a requirement that all students be proficient in math
and reading by 2014.
“This does not mean that states will be able to lower their standards or escape
accountability,” the president said. “If states want more flexibility, they’re
going to have to set higher standards, more honest standards that prove they’re
serious about meeting them.”
But experts said it was a measure of how profoundly the law had reshaped
America’s public school culture that even in states that accept the
administration’s offer to pursue a new agenda, the law’s legacy will live on in
classrooms, where educators’ work will continue to emphasize its major themes,
like narrowing student achievement gaps, and its tactics, like using
standardized tests to measure educators’ performance.
In a White House speech, Mr. Obama said states that adopted new higher
standards, pledged to overhaul their lowest-performing schools and revamped
their teacher evaluation systems should apply for waivers of 10 central
provisions of the No Child law, including its 2014 proficiency deadline. The
administration was forced to act, Mr. Obama said, because partisan gridlock kept
Congress from updating the law.
“Given that Congress cannot act, I am acting,” Mr. Obama said. “Starting today,
we’ll be giving states more flexibility.”
But while the law itself clearly empowers Secretary of Education Arne Duncan to
waive its provisions, the administration’s decision to make the waivers
conditional on states’ pledges to pursue Mr. Obama’s broad school improvement
agenda has angered Republicans gearing up for the 2012 elections.
On Friday Congressional leaders immediately began characterizing the waivers as
a new administration power grab, in line with their portrayal of the health care
overhaul, financial sector regulation and other administration initiatives.
“In my judgment, he is exercising an authority and power he doesn’t have,” said
Representative John Kline, Republican of Minnesota and chairman of the House
education committee. “We all know the law is broken and needs to be changed. But
this is part and parcel with the whole picture with this administration: they
cannot get their agenda through Congress, so they’re doing it with executive
orders and rewriting rules. This is executive overreach.”
Mr. Obama made his statements to a bipartisan audience that included Gov. Bill
Haslam of Tennessee, a Republican, Gov. Lincoln Chafee of Rhode Island, an
independent, and 24 state superintendents of education.
“I believe this will be a transformative movement in American public education,”
Christopher Cerf, New Jersey’s education commissioner under Gov. Chris Christie,
a Republican, said after the speech.
The No Child law that President George W. Bush signed in 2002 was a bipartisan
rewrite of the basic federal law on public schools, first passed in 1965 to help
the nation’s neediest students. The 2002 law required all schools to administer
reading and math tests every year, and to increase the proportion of students
passing them until reaching 100 percent in 2014. Schools that failed to keep
pace were to be labeled as failing, and eventually their principals fired and
staffs dismantled. That system for holding schools accountable for test scores
has encouraged states to lower standards, teachers to focus on test preparation,
and math and reading to crowd out history, art and foreign languages.
Mr. Obama’s blueprint for rewriting the law, which Congress has never acted on,
urged lawmakers to adopt an approach that would encourage states to raise
standards, focus interventions only on the worst failing schools and use test
scores and other measures to evaluate teachers’ effectiveness. In its current
proposal, the administration requires states to adopt those elements of its
blueprint in exchange for relief from the No Child law.
Mr. Duncan, speaking after Mr. Obama’s speech, said the waivers could bring
significant change to states that apply. “For parents, it means their schools
won’t be labeled failures,” Mr. Duncan said. “It should reduce the pressure to
teach to the test.”
Critics were skeptical, saying that classroom teachers who complain about
unrelenting pressure to prepare for standardized tests were unlikely to feel
“In the system that N.C.L.B. created, standardized tests are the measure of all
that is good, and that has not changed,“ said Monty Neill, executive director of
Fair Test, an antitesting advocacy group. “This policy encourages states to use
test scores as a significant factor in evaluating teachers, and that will add to
the pressure on teachers to teach to the test.”
Randi Weingarten, president of the American Federation of Teachers, said her
union favored evaluation systems that would help teachers improve their
instruction, whereas the administration was focusing on accountability. “You’re
seeing an extraordinary change of policy, from an accountability system focused
on districts and schools, to accountability based on teacher and principal
evaluations,” Ms. Weingarten said.
For most states, obtaining a waiver could be the easy part of accepting the
administration’s invitation. Actually designing a new school accountability
system, and obtaining statewide acceptance of it, represents a complex
administrative and political challenge for governors and other state leaders,
said Gene Wilhoit, executive director of the Council of Chief State School
Officers, which the White House said played an important role in developing the
Only about five states may be ready to apply immediately, and perhaps 20 others
could follow by next spring, Mr. Wilhoit said. Developing new educator
evaluation systems and other aspects of follow-through could take states three
years or more, he said.
Officials in New York, New Jersey and Connecticut, and in at least eight other
states — Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Idaho, Minnesota, Virginia and
Wisconsin — said Friday that they would probably seek the waivers.
Obama Turns Some Powers of Education Back to States,
buys two minutes of Nicole Kidman
No 5: The Film is big budget cinema advertising
With an Oscar-winning actress,
star director, couture outfits designed by Karl Lagerfeld and a Debussy
soundtrack, it could be the latest blockbuster film. And at an estimated cost of
up to £18m, the new two-minute commercial for Chanel No 5 costs more than many
The ad, which reunites Nicole
Kidman and director Baz Luhrmann following their Moulin Rouge escapade, debuts
in the UK tomorrow with Bridget Jones: the Edge of
Reason. Otherwise known as The World's Most Expensive Ad, No. 5: The
Film has attracted as much hoo-ha as the chick-lit sequel.
By appearing first on the big
screen - it debuts on British television on November 20 - the ad has also given
the cinema advertising industry something to crow about.
Christine Costello, chief executive of Pearl & Dean, Britain's second-largest
cinema advertising house, says that No 5: The Film
underlines the buoyancy of the market.
The vice-president of the Cinema Advertising
predicts that this year will
see 180m cinema admissions, the best for 32 years.
Headline, sub and first
be thrown off
cliff in sack
An Iranian man convicted for raping and killing
his 16-year-old nephew, will be
by being thrown off a cliff
in a sack,
a newspaper reported yesterday.
If he survives the fall, he will be
legal experts said
"On Thursday, two
years will have passed
since New York ground was hallowed
the blood of innocents."
Attorney General Ashcroft
Speaks to Law Enforcement
Officials in New York City,
United States Department of Justice, 9.9.2003.
Voir aussi > Anglonautes > Grammaire anglaise
prépositions + N
N + of + N >
information, nouveau, inhabituel, non
of + N > subjectivité > jugement, avis, appréciation
N + of
+ N > emphase, théâtralisation, historisation, focalisation, analyse
N + of
+ N > titre > histoire, narration, fiction
N + of + N >
N + of +
N > catégorisation > permutation impossible
N + of + N > sens
figuré, focalisation > permutation impossible