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grammaire anglaise > syntaxe > formes verbales > impératif

 

formes affirmative ou négative

à l'actif ou au passif

 

sens et valeurs

 

énonciation première,

sortie du continuum, de la routine énonciative,

emphase

 

invitation,

instructions, mode d'emploi,

conseil, avertissement, intimation,

injonction, ordre,

mot d'ordre, revendication,

interdiction,

incitation à faire / prendre conscience de...,

menace

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

impératif > forme affirmative > Base Verbale (BV)

 

Wither! Die!

 

 

 

 

Tarzan

Edgar Rice Burroughs

GoComics

July 30, 2021

https://www.gocomics.com/tarzan/2021/07/30

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

'Believe your eyes'

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

March 2020:

the message in the window of a closed clothing store in Stonegate, York,

reads: ‘Stick together, take care, stay strong, be kind’

 

Photograph: Richard Saker

 

Northern encounters: lockdown life in Yorkshire – in pictures

‘These images are fleeting moments of the everyday,’

says Observer photographer Richard Saker.

‘More than anything I hope they are a testimony to the human spirit

and show people getting on with their lives,

as best they can in these uncertain times.

It has felt more important than ever to take pictures during this particular period.

One day soon we will look back and try to make sense of it all

and I believe photographs are the best way of remembering’

G

Mon 22 Feb 2021    07.00 GMT

https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/gallery/2021/feb/22/
northern-encounters-lockdown-life-in-yorkshire-in-pictures

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Guardian        p. 18        10 February 2007

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Guardian        p. 8        19 January 2006

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Guardian        G2        pp. 6-7        19 June 2007

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

formes verbales > impératif

 

doauxiliaire + Base Verbale


 

 

Do mention the war

 

Tony Blair has lost the argument over Iraq,

and now seeks to evade the issue.

But today's protest will hold him to account 

(...)

"Don't mention the war"

may seem to him like the only plausible policy,

but it is a curious start

for the prime minister's new "listening" strategy

and it will not calm the vast movement of opposition to the war

and to the lies which have attended it.

Headline, G, Headline and sub headline, paragraph,
G,
27.3.2003,
https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2003/sep/27/
iraq.iraq

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

formes verbales > impératif

 

let + N + Base Verbale

 

 

 

Store your CV on line

and let employers search for you

Guardian.co.uk/jobs ad,
GE,
p. 13, 19.11.2002.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

formes verbales > impératif > forme négative

 

valeurs > ordre, demande, conseil

 

forme pleine :

doauxiliaire + not + Base Verbale

 

 

forme contractée :

doauxiliairen't + Base Verbale

 

Don't Focus On Kids' Weight Gain.

Focus On Healthy Habits Instead

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Guardian        G2        pp. 8-9        19 June 2007

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Do not press your panic button unless you are dying.

Do not talk out the window. Do not sit on the window sill.

Do not kick your door. Do not make a wick.

Do not steal from your fellow prisoners. Do not smoke on your bed.

Do not seal your outgoing mail. Do not play-fight with your cellmate.

Do not lend or borrow. Do not make holes in the walls.

Do not graffiti on the furniture. Do not damage any prison property.

Get used to it, you live here now.

"Fine," I said.

The prison officer shut the door.

"What do I do?"

A thousand days of despair:
People are shocked by a 14-year-old prisoner's suicide. Not me,
G,
12.8.2004,
https://www.theguardian.com/society/2004/aug/12/
prisonsandprobation.childprotection

 

 

 

 

 

Don't mention the dead

 

When the body of US soldier Artimus Brassfield

was flown to the military mortuary at Dover, Delaware,

there were no TV pictures

of a flag-covered coffin and hero's salute

- the White House has banned media coverage at the base.

But can Bush's efforts to hide the body bags

quell growing public disquiet over the death toll in Iraq?

Gary Younge reports

Headline / sub,
G,
7.11.2003,
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2003/nov/07
/iraq.iraqandthemedia

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

formes verbales > impératif sans doauxiliaire

 

Base Verbale + not

 

 

 

The Guardian        Global Warming pullout        p. 4        27 June 2007

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

formes verbales > impératif au passif

 

beauxiliaire + verbeau participe passé

 

be heard

 

 

 

 

homepage screenshot        Generation Rent        13 February 2021

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

formes verbales > impératif > autres énoncés

 

 

 

 

Joe Heller

cartoon

GoComics

July 24, 2016

https://www.gocomics.com/joe-heller/2016/07/24

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Guardian        p. 14        6 December 2008

http://digital.guardian.co.uk/guardian/2008/12/06/pdfs/gdn_081206_ber_14_21390842.pdf

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6 / 8 May 2004

https://www.economist.com/leaders/2004/05/06/resign-rumsfeld 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Guardian        Society 1        p. 19        15 March 2006

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Guardian        p. 8        20 February 2006

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Guardian        p.11        15.7.2006

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Guardian        Technology        p. 8        5.1.2006

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Guardian        Work        p. 13        29.10.2005

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


4 October 2004

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Guardian        Technology        p. 10        20 October 2005

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rob Rogers

cartoon

The Pittsburgh Post-Gazette,

Pennsylvania

Cagle

14.9.2004

http://www.robrogers.com/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rex Morgan        Woody Wilson and Graham Nolan        10.10.2004

http://www.kingfeatures.com/features/comics/rmorgan/about.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

9 October 2004

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sport frontpage        9 October 2004

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Guardian        p. 20        21.4.2005

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Guardian        p. 4        23.10.2004

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Guardian        p. 5        25.8.2004

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Spiderman        Stan Lee        12.2.2005

http://www.kingfeatures.com/features/comics/spidermn/about.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Steve Roper and Mike Nomad

Fran Matera        Created by Allen Saunders        30.10.2004

http://www.kingfeatures.com/features/comics/sroper/about.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Mark Trail        Jack Elrod        Created by Ed Dodd        18.10.2004

http://www.kingfeatures.com/features/comics/mtrail/about.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Rex Morgan M.D.        Woody Wilson and Graham Nolan        3.7.2004

http://www.kingfeatures.com/features/comics/rmorgan/about.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Guardian        p. 13        28 August 2004

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Guardian        p. 30        28.8.2004

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6 September 2004

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Look what we've got in store

 

The Science Museum is opening the doors

to its archive of 170,000 objects.

Simon Rogers takes a sneak preview

before the guided tours begin

Headline and sub,
G,
2.9.2004,
https://www.theguardian.com/science/2004/sep/02/
education.museums 

 

 

 

 

 

Spend, spend ... no, don't spend

 

Lloyd Shepherd reckons he can top Gordon Brown

when it comes to budgeting.

Introducing a spending review into the household

might bring him some extra pennies,

but it's no road to popularity.

Headline and sub,
G,
13.7.2004,
https://www.theguardian.com/money/2004/jul/13/
lloydshepherd 

 

 

 

 

 

How smart are you?

Find out!

Take the FREE IQ Test now!

Tickle.com ad, R, 16.1.2004.

 

 

 

 

 

Make your money make money!

Orange, ad, R, 16.1.2004

 

 

 

 

 

Check your spelling

Try using synonyms or alternative phrases

(e.g. football instead of soccer)

Broaden your search by using more general terms

(e.g. Personal Finance instead of savings)

Narrow your search by using more specific terms

DM search tips, 11.10.2003.

 

 

 

 

 

Sample the finest music of the moment, plus classic tracks,

courtesy of our very own Digital Radio station.

Listen LIVE here if you have Windows Media Player...

Click here to launch!

Q web page, 29.9.2003.

 

 

 

 

 

In case of fire, get out, stay out, call 999. (...)

- Put out cigarettes and candles properly.

- Switch things off

if they're not in use, especially at night.

- Keep matches and lighters away from children.

Fire kills, you can prevent it, Office of the Deputy Prime Minister ad,
T,
29.11.2002.

 

 

 

 

 

Buy 2 - get 3rd free!

on all chart games

Dixons, Santa Lives!, ad,
T, p. 13, 29.11.2002.

 

 

 

 

 

Sprinkle chicken with paprika. In a large skillet,

brown chicken in 2 teaspoons butter.

Place the vegetables in a greased 13-in. x 9-in. x 2-in. baking dish.

Top with chicken.

Melt the remaining butter;

stir in the tarragon, lemon juice, salt and pepper.

Pour over chicken and vegetables.

Cover and bake at 350° for 30-35 minutes

or until chicken juices run clear and vegetables are tender.

http://www.tasteofhome.com/
dycon.aspparent=18548&RefURL=&KeyCode=&PMCode=&OrgURL= - broken link

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

impératif > forme affirmative > invitation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Voir aussi > Anglonautes > Grammaire anglaise explicative - niveau avancé

 

tags

 

 

doauxiliaire > sémantisme

 

 

doauxiliaire > validation

 

 

doauxiliaire > négation

 

 

doauxiliaire > épistémique

 

 

doauxiliaire > rhétorique > répétition

 

 

doauxiliaire > rhétorique > insistance, emphase

 

 

Forme-ing > N-ing autonome

 

 

N-ing autonome  ≠  Impératif

 

 

présent simple :

information inédite, factuelle, objective,

non commentée, non dramatisée >

sortie de la redite, du continuum

 

 

actif  ≠  passif

 

 

 

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