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grammaire anglaise > expressions du but > nuances

 

index, but, visée,

enjeu, objectif commun,

pointage, cadrage, aiguillage,

direction, destination, destinataire

 

 

 

 

 

Fiction du jamais-dit,

effet d'annonce, valeur emphatique

 

toviseur -> Base Verbale

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Objectif

 

toviseur -> Base Verbale

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reprise

d'un élément discursif prévisible, attendu,

d'un cliché

 

toreprise (préposition) + forme nominale (PRON, N, N-ing)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Objectif présenté comme

faisable, consensuel, inéluctable

 

segment en -ing

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Explication / cause ou objectif bien connu

 

forpréposition + N / N-ing

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(be) set + forpréposition + N

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

soconjonction + proposition

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

exprimer un but, un objectif

 

fiction du jamais-dit, effet d'annonce, ultimatum

 

toviseur -> BV

 

you have one more week to blast Hizbullah

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

objectif présenté

comme faisable, fédérateur, consensuel, inéluctable

 

segment en -ing

 

 

 

The Guardian        Education        p. 2        20 January 2009
http://digital.guardian.co.uk/guardian/2009/01/20/pdfs/gdn_090120_ed1_2_21705743.pdf

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reprise d'un élément discursif prévisible, d'un cliché

 

toreprise (préposition)  + N / N-ing

 

the right way to reform

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reprise

d'un élément discursif prévisible, d'un cliché

 

toreprise (préposition)  + N / N-ing

 

the quickest route to senior management

 

 

 

The Guardian        Society        p. 19        19.7.2006

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reprise

d'un élément discursif prévisible, d'un cliché

 

toreprise (préposition)  + PRON / N (ici le pronom YOU) / N-ing

 

 


The Guardian        p. 30        17.3.2005

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

comment exprimer un but en anglais

 

deux formes concurrentes

pour exprimer un but,

deux manières

de mettre en scène le discours :

 

toviseur -> BV

 

toreprise (préposition)  + N / N-ing

 

 

 

 

 

toviseur -> BV

permet de présenter / vendre une idée

comme une nouvelle idée :

 

A kinder way to tackle truancy

 

on a enfin trouvé une manière

de lutter contre l'absentéisme scolaire

 

 

 

 

 

toreprise (préposition)  + GN / -ing

reprend la même idée,

en la présentant

comme un problème / enjeu bien connu :

 

Fines are tough on troubled families,

so schools have a new idea

for solving this problem

 

 

 

 

 

A kinder way to tackle truancy

 

Fines are tough on troubled families,

so schools have a new idea for solving this problem

– surrogate parents who make sure children

do their homework, eat properly, go to bed and get up on time

Jessica Shepherd
Guardian.co.uk
Tuesday 3 April 2012
20.30 BST
http://www.guardian.co.uk/education/2012/apr/03/kinder-way-to-tackle-truancy

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

autres énoncés

 

 

 

The Guardian        Sport        p. 1        29 November 2005

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Mark Trail        Jack Elrod

Created by Ed Dodd in 1946        7.5.2005
http://www.kingfeatures.com/features/comics/mtrail/about.htm

 

 

 


The Phantom        George Olesen and Graham Nolan

Created by Lee Falk        15.1.2005
http://www.kingfeatures.com/features/comics/phantom/about.htm

 

 

 


Spiderman        Stan Lee        151.2005
http://www.kingfeatures.com/features/comics/spidermn/about.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

toreprise (préposition) + N    /    toviseur -> BV

 

 

in order toviseur, so as to viseur, so / so that

 

 

(be) set + forpréposition + N > objectif programmé (s'apprêter à, se préparer à)

 

 

 

 

 

 

forpréposition + N-ing

 

référence à un objectif déjà formulé, connu, atteint,

à des mesures établies, de l'accompli

Japan: Hopes fade for finding more survivors

a plan for coping with blackouts

 

 

forpréposition + -ing > information connue, de second plan

support for taking this nation to war in Iraq

 

 

forpréposition + -ing > explication

jailed for shooting at yobs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Vic Harville

Little Rock, Arkansas

Stephens Media Group

Cagle

18.11.2005
http://cagle.msnbc.com/politicalcartoons/PCcartoons/harville.asp

 

L to R: U.S. vice-president Dick Cheney,

president George W. Bush (2001-2009)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


The Phantom        George Olesen and Graham Nolan

Created by Lee Falk        18.11.2004
http://www.kingfeatures.com/features/comics/phantom/about.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


31.3.2005
http://www.mirror.co.uk/
http://www.mirror.co.uk/news/allnews/tm_objectid=15350294%26method=
full%26siteid=50143%26headline=family%2ds%2dplea%2dover%2
dwoman%2djailed%2dfor%2dshooting%2dat%2dyobs-name_page.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

expressions du but > autres énoncés

 

 

 

 

Obama Asking Congress for $60.4 Billion

to Help States Recover From Storm

 

December 7, 2012
The New York Times
By RAYMOND HERNANDEZ and PETER BAKER

 

WASHINGTON —

President Obama proposed a $60.4 billion emergency spending bill

on Friday to finance recovery efforts in areas pummeled by Hurricane Sandy,

a sum that White House officials called a “robust” investment

in the region but that was far less than what the states had requested.

    Obama Asking Congress for $60.4 Billion to Help States Recover From Storm, NYT, 7.12.2012,
    http://www.nytimes.com/2012/12/08/nyregion/obama-proposes-hurricane-recovery-bill.html

 

 

 

 

 

To Stop Climate Change,

Students Aim at College Portfolios

 

December 4, 2012
The New York Times
By JUSTIN GILLIS

 

SWARTHMORE, Pa. —

A group of Swarthmore College students is asking the school administration

to take a seemingly simple step to combat pollution and climate change:

sell off the endowment’s holdings in large fossil fuel companies.

For months, they have been getting a simple answer: no.

As they consider how to ratchet up their campaign,

the students suddenly find themselves

at the vanguard of a national movement.

    To Stop Climate Change, Students Aim at College Portfolios, NYT, 4.12.2012,
    http://www.nytimes.com/2012/12/05/business/
    energy-environment/to-fight-climate-change-college-students-take-aim-at-the-endowment-portfolio.html

 

 

 

 

 

To Reduce Inequality, Tax Wealth, Not Income

 

November 18, 2012
The New York Times
By DANIEL ALTMAN

 

WHETHER you’re in the 99 percent, the 47 percent or the 1 percent,

inequality in America may threaten your future.

Often decried for moral or social reasons,

inequality imperils the economy, too;

the International Monetary Fund recently warned that

high income inequality could damage a country’s long-term growth.

But the real menace for our long-term prosperity is not income inequality

— it’s wealth inequality, which distorts access to economic opportunities.

    To Reduce Inequality, Tax Wealth, Not Income, NYT, 18.11.2012,
    http://www.nytimes.com/2012/11/19/opinion/to-reduce-inequality-tax-wealth-not-income.html

 

 

 

 

 

To Fight Radical Islam, U.S. Wants Muslim Allies

 

August 3, 2011
The New York Times
By SCOTT SHANE

 

WASHINGTON — Rolling out a new strategy for combating radicalization,

White House officials on Wednesday warned

that casting broad suspicion on Muslim Americans

is counterproductive and could backfire

by alienating a religious minority and fueling extremism.
 

    To Fight Radical Islam, U.S. Wants Muslim Allies, NYT, 3.8.2011,
    http://www.nytimes.com/2011/08/04/us/04extreme.html

 

 

 

 

 

To Track Militants,

U.S. Has System That Never Forgets a Face

 

July 13, 2011
The New York Times
By THOM SHANKER

 

WASHINGTON — When the Taliban dug an elaborate tunnel system

beneath the largest prison in southern Afghanistan this spring,

they set off a scramble to catch the 475 inmates who escaped.

One thing made it easier. Just a month before the April jailbreak,

Afghan officials, using technology provided by the United States,

recorded eye scans, fingerprints and facial images

of each militant and criminal detainee in the giant Sarposa Prison.
 

    To Track Militants, U.S. Has System That Never Forgets a Face, R, 13.7.2011,
    http://www.nytimes.com/2011/07/14/world/asia/14identity.html

 

 

 

 

 

US set for 1,000th execution

 

Thu Dec 1, 2005
12:02 PM ET
Reuters
By Andy Sullivan

 

WASHINGTON (Reuters) - Barring an unlikely intervention,

a convicted killer will die by lethal injection in the dead of night on Friday

in the 1,000th execution in the United States

since the death penalty was reinstated three decades ago.

Kenneth Boyd, 57, was scheduled to die at Central Prison in Raleigh,

North Carolina at 2 a.m. EST (0700 GMT)

for killing his estranged wife and her father in 1988

in front of his children.

His execution has attracted worldwide attention not

because of the nature of the crime,

but because it will mark a symbolic milestone in the history

of the death penalty.

Experts on the issue said state Gov. Mike Easley

was unlikely to commute his sentence

as happened in Virginia on Tuesday

when a convict was spared becoming the 1,000th execution

thanks to a last minute decision by the governor.

"He's not one to limit these sorts of things," That Beyle,

a political science professor at the University of North Carolina,

said of Easley.

Death penalty opponents

were expected to gather near the prison

late on Thursday to protest Boyd's execution.

On Wednesday, about 100 people demonstrated

outside the U.S. embassy in Rome

as part of worldwide vigils and rallies organized by

a Catholic Church group against judicial killing.

 

TWO TO DIE ON FRIDAY

Even if there is a last minute change in Raleigh,

16 hours later on Friday at 6 p.m. EST (2300 GMT),

Shawn Paul Humphries was due to die in South Carolina,

also by lethal injection,

for the killing of a convenience store owner in a robbery.

A spokesman for South Carolina Gov. Mark Sanford said

the governor's legal team was not going to recommend clemency.

The U.S. Supreme Court allowed reintroduction of the death penalty

in 1976 and 38 of the 50 American states and the federal government

now permit capital punishment.

    US set for 1,000th execution, R, 1.12.2005,  US set for 1,000th execution,
    R, 1.12.2005,
    http://today.reuters.com/news/newsArticle.aspx?
    type=topNews&storyID=2005-12-01T170229Z_01_
    YUE154769_RTRUKOC_0_US-CRIME-EXECUTION.xml

 

 

 

 

 

Underground radar hunt for life on Mars

 

Scientists are about to deploy a giant radar telescope above Mars

in a bid to pinpoint underground lakes and flooded caverns.

    Headline and §1, O, 1.5.2005,
    http://observer.guardian.co.uk/uk_news/story/0,6903,1474214,00.html

 

 

 

 

 

BNP tries scare tactics to win target voters

 

In Yorkshire and London

the far right is putting the frighteners on the white working-class

    Headline and sub, G, 27.4.2005,
    http://politics.guardian.co.uk/election/story/0,15803,1470878,00.html

 

 

 

 

 

To infinity and beyond

 

We're all boldly going where we haven't been before.

Owen Sheers opens our adventure special on a cargo boat plying its trade

between the islands of the South Pacific

    Headline and sub, G, 12.2.2005,
    http://travel.guardian.co.uk/saturdaysection/story/0,8922,1410746,00.html

 

 

 

 

 

twenty-seven to eight

    BBC Radio 4, Today, 3.2.2005.

 

 

 

 

 

Trump to Martha: 'You're Hired'

 

Wed Feb 2, 2005
11:22 PM ET

 

LOS ANGELES (Reuters) - Lifestyle mogul Martha Stewart will star

in a prime-time spinoff of NBC's hit reality show "The Apprentice"

sometime after her release from prison next month,

the network said on Wednesday.

    Trump to Martha: 'You're Hired', R, Wed Feb 2, 2005 11:22 PM ET,
    http://www.reuters.com/newsArticle.jhtml?type=entertainmentNews&storyID=7520535

 

 

 

 

 

P&G to Buy Gillette for $55.8 Billion

 

Fri Jan 28, 2005
07:41 PM ET
Reuters
By Jessica Wohl

 

NEW YORK (Reuters) - Procter & Gamble Co. (PG.N: Quote, Profile, Research) on Friday

said it would buy Gillette Co. (G.N: Quote, Profile, Research)

in a deal worth about $55.8 billion,

uniting two of the world's largest makers of household goods

ranging from Pampers diapers to Duracell batteries.

    P&G to Buy Gillette for $55.8 Billion, R, Fri Jan 28, 2005 07:41 PM ET,
    http://www.reuters.com/newsArticle.jhtml;jsessionid=
    J5CDRDEOAMPZKCRBAEZSFEY?type=businessNews&storyID=7472288

 

 

 

 

 

Connecticut Killer to Die Early Saturday

 

Fri Jan 28, 2005
11:03 PM ET
Reuters
By Gail Appleson

 

NEW YORK (Reuters) - The U.S. Supreme court denied late on Friday

a stay of execution requested by the father of Michael Ross,

a serial killer due to die in Connecticut early on Saturday.

The Second Circuit Court of Appeals vacated

a temporary restraining order put into place

by a federal judge in Hartford, Connecticut.

It stayed its order until Sunday at 12:01 a.m.

to allow Daniel Ross to appeal to the Supreme Court,

which lifted that stay, allowing his execution by lethal injection

to go ahead as planned 2:01 a.m. EST Saturday.

    Connecticut Killer to Die Early Saturday, R, Fri Jan 28, 2005 11:03 PM ET,
    http://www.reuters.com/newsArticle.jhtml?type=domesticNews&storyID=7472492

 

 

 

 

 

Israel shocked by image

of soldiers forcing violinist to play at roadblock

 

Of all the revelations that have rocked the Israeli army over the past week, perhaps none disturbed the public so much as the video footage of soldiers forcing a Palestinian man to play his violin.

The incident was not as shocking as the recording of an Israeli officer pumping the body of a 13-year-old girl full of bullets and then saying he would have shot her even if she had been three years old.

Nor was it as nauseating as the pictures in an Israeli newspaper of ultra-orthodox soldiers mocking Palestinian corpses by impaling a man's head on a pole and sticking a cigarette in his mouth.

But the matter of the violin touched on something deeper about the way Israelis see themselves, and their conflict with the Palestinians.

The violinist, Wissam Tayem, was on
his way to a music lesson near Nablus when he said an Israeli officer ordered him to "play something sad" while soldiers made fun of him. After several minutes, he was told he could pass.

It may be that the soldiers wanted Mr Tayem to
prove he was indeed a musician walking to a lesson because, as a man under 30, he would not normally have been permitted through the checkpoint.

But after the incident was videotaped by Jewish women peace activists, it prompted revulsion among Israelis not normally perturbed about the treatment of Arabs.

The rightwing Army Radio commentator Uri Orbach found the incident disturbingly reminiscent of Jewish musicians
forced to provide background music to mass murder.

"What about Majdanek?" he asked,

referring to the Nazi extermination camp.

    Headline and first §§, 8.12.2004,
    http://www.guardian.co.uk/israel/Story/0,2763,1361755,00.html

 

 

 

 

 

Neighbours to decide punishments

 

Local people are to be given the power to decide what work community punishment offenders should do in their neighbourhood, under plans to be announced tomorrow by David Blunkett, the home secretary.

The scheme will feature in a campaign across England in February and March in which convicted offenders on community punishment orders will be ordered to clear rubbish off derelict sites, clean off graffiti and carry out other unpaid community work.

It is part of Mr Blunkett's wider "civil renewal" agenda which will see an action plan next year detailing how local people are to be given a say over wider aspects of the criminal justice system, and on how to regenerate their neighbourhoods, and to make the best use of local schools.

    Headline and first §§, G, 8.12.2004,
    http://www.guardian.co.uk/crime/article/0,2763,1368747,00.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

15.12.2004

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Guardian        p. 1        26.11.2004

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Guardian        28.9.2005

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

US military policemen moved unregistered Iraqi prisoners, known as "ghost detainees",

around an army-run jail at Abu Ghraib, in order to hide them from the Red Cross,

according to a confidential military report.

The report on abuses at Abu Ghraib prison

- a copy of which was obtained by the Guardian -

described the practice of hiding prisoners as "deceptive, contrary to army doctrine,

and in violation of international law".

The revelations surfaced at a time

when the prison abuse scandal threatened to engulf the Pentagon

and the military occupation of Iraq.

The US army yesterday admitted to the Senate

there was evidence of widespread abuse of prisoners

in military-run jails in both Iraq and Afghanistan.

There have been a total of 25 recorded deaths in US military custody in both countries.

The army also said yesterday that one soldier had been court-martialed

for using excessive force in shooting to death an Iraqi prisoner last September.

The soldier was reduced in rank and dismissed from the army.

    Jailed Iraqis hidden from Red Cross, says US army, G, 5.5.2004,
    http://www.guardian.co.uk/Iraq/Story/0,2763,1209681,00.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Mark Trail        Jack Elrod        Created by Ed Dodd in 1946        23.11.2004
http://www.kingfeatures.com/features/comics/mtrail/about.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

There is only one way to deal with this. Make it simple and effective. Abolish all agricultural subsidies so that every proposed reform doesn't generate new escape routes that negate its primary purpose. To this end, the Guardian is starting a new website today, aimed at kicking into oblivion all agricultural subsidies (http://kickaas.typepad.com). This is one of those rare topics that unites right and left. It is also one of the few remaining free lunches in economics from which practically everyone gains. It would galvanise developing countries' agriculture while freeing more than $300bn currently being spent by governments - over $200 per capita - every year on subsidies for other purposes. There will inevitably be transitional problems for some western farmers but nothing like the structural change other industries have experienced. And in the long run it will be of benefit to them, too. They will be able to grow crops they are good at rather than those attracting subsidies. All that the developing countries are seeking is a level playing field on which to compete. Is that too much to ask?

    Kicking the subsidies : Third world farmers need a fair deal, G, 18.8.2003,
    http://www.guardian.co.uk/leaders/story/0,3604,1020653,00.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mike Roper        Fran Matera        30.11.2004 / 1.12.2004
http://www.kingfeatures.com/features/comics/sroper/about.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gentle folks at the Guardian,

In your plea to get your non-American readers to write to voters in Clark County, Iowa,

you are correct that events in the US have had, and will have, effects on world events.

For example, we have pulled your chestnuts out of the fire in two world wars

that were occasioned by European diplomacy.

Maybe you'd like a vote in which American president will oversee the next rescue.

The next time you have elections in Great Britain,

I shall endeavour to send names of your citizens

to people in France, Iraq, India, the United Arab Emirates, Botswana, Pakistan, China and Argentina

so that they may attempt to influence your election.

It's only fair that everybody in the world should have a say

in the selection of the prime minister.

California

    Dear Limey assholes : Last week G2 launched Operation Clark County to help readers have a say in the American election by writing to undecided voters in the crucial state of Ohio. In the first three days, more than 11,000 people requested addresses. Here is some of the reaction to the project that we received from the US, G, 18.11.2004, http://www.guardian.co.uk/uselections2004/story/0,13918,1329858,00.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rex Morgan        Woody Wilson and Graham Nolan

Created in 1948 by Nicholas P. Dallis        23.11.2004
http://www.kingfeatures.com/features/comics/rmorgan/about.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

His characters die quite frequently. When they do, they take time to realise what has happened. They are met by Pratchett's personified Death - a skeleton with a scythe, an hourglass and a white horse called Binkie - who has organised himself to resemble what human beings think he is, is courteously inhuman, but has increasing bouts of oddly caring behaviour, prompted by his long association with our agitated species. These matter-of-fact deaths are curiously comforting - people shake themselves and stagger or stroll off in the direction of the horizon. The device means that good characters can die without outrage, though I remember being shocked by the first death I encountered - that of an ordinary, brave dwarf in Men at Arms who, by normal fairy-story rights, should have survived to triumph over evil. Pratchett invented the City Watch of his squirming and insanitary metropolis Ankh-Morpork, he once said, so as to make heroes of the supernumerary guardsmen and extras who are present in most stories simply to be killed in droves to show how bad the bad characters are, before the hero deals out justice.

    A comforting way of death : AS Byatt takes a trip back into the darkening past of Terry Pratchett's Night Watch, G, 9.11.2002,
    http://books.guardian.co.uk/reviews/sciencefiction/0,6121,836250,00.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Steve Bell

The Guardian        15.12.2004

December 15 2004: MPs force ministers to explicitly bar mercy killings.
http://www.guardian.co.uk/cartoons/stevebell/0,7371,1374096,00.html        
http://www.guardian.co.uk/cartoons/archive/stevebell/0,7371,337764,00.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The legislature in 1881 finally adopted statutorily the standard laid down by the courts when it forbade, with exceptions, the wearing (p.1332) or carrying of "any such pistol as used in the army or navy of the United States" except uncovered and in the hand. [162] In response to an appeal by a defendant who had been convicted of carrying such a weapon openly in a holster buckled around his waist, the Arkansas Supreme Court in an 1882 case, Haile v. State, [163] declared the restriction a reasonable one, within the limits of the Arkansas constitution. The legislature, the court found, had perceived a danger that armed citizens had the means to do violence to their fellows upon any offense. The court looked to the reasons that underlay the right to bear arms to evaluate the legislature's judgment that only military weapons might be carried and only openly and in the hand.

"The constitutional provision," the court found, "sprung from the former tyrannical practice, on the part of governments, of disarming the subjects, so as to render them powerless against oppression ... [and was] not intended to afford citizens the means of prosecuting, more successfully, their private broils...."[164] Thus, the legislature, mindful of the perceived danger of increased levels of violence, reached a constitutionally acceptable balance between achieving the purposes of the constitutional provision and achieving safety, "by conceding the right to keep such arms, and to bear or use them at will, upon one's own premises, and restricting the rights to wear them elsewhere in public."[165]

Haile achieved two ends, perhaps both intended by the legislature, both an example for the future, but only one to arguably salutary effect and the other not. The first end was that Haile had achieved a clear formula, albeit one presaged by Aymette v. State [166] forty years earlier, for testing and validating firearms regulation. The restriction would be judged against the civic end to be accomplished by the constitutional provision, and the restriction would be valid if it did not deny entirely the right to use a protected weapon, perhaps even all protected weapons.(p.1333)

    "NEVER INTENDED TO BE APPLIED TO THE WHITE POPULATION": FIREARMS REGULATION AND RACIAL DISPARITY--THE REDEEMED SOUTH'S LEGACY TO A NATIONAL JURISPRUDENCE?[*], Robert J. Cottrol[**] and Raymond T. Diamond[***], Copyright © 1995 Chicago-Kent College of Law, Illinois Institute of Technology. Originally published as 70 Chi.-Kent L. Rev. 1307-1335 (1995). For educational use only. The printed edition remains canonical. For citational use please obtain a back issue from www.kentlaw.edu/cgi-bin/lawrev-order or Chicago-Kent Law Review, Chicago-Kent College of Law, Illinois Institute of Technology, 565 West Adams Street, Chicago, Illinois 60661, 312-906-5190.], copié 4.12.2004, http://www.guncite.com/journals/cd-reg.html

 

 

 

 

 

King Edward VIII has renounced the Throne, and will be succeeded by the Duke of York.

To-day the Act of Abdication will be passed by both Houses of Parliament,

and to-night King Edward will give it the royal assent - his last act as King.

The new King will hold the Accession Council at St. James's Palace to-morrow morning,

and be proclaimed at noon. He will, it is understood, take the title of George VI.

    King Edward renounces the throne,
    Abdication effective tonight | Duke of York succeeds | 'The King never wavered', Friday December 11, 1936, G,    
    http://www.guardian.co.uk/fromthearchive/story/0,12269,1104795,00.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Phantom        George Olesen and Graham Nolan

Created by Lee Falk        23.11.2004
http://www.kingfeatures.com/features/comics/phantom/about.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

expression du but / de l'explication

 

soconjonction + proposition

 

 

 

The Guardian        p. 10        7 February 2009
http://digital.guardian.co.uk/guardian/2009/02/07/pdfs/gdn_090207_ber_10_21858348.pdf

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Voir aussi > Anglonautes > Grammaire anglaise

 

tovisée -> BV

 

topréposition + -ing / N

 

Syntaxe > tovisée / topréposition

 

V + tovisée -> BV  /  V + -ing

 

tovisée -> BV > fiction du jamais-dit

 

Glossaire > Anaphore

 

Anaphores

 

Traduction > pour

 

formes en -ing