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grammaire anglaise > groupe nominal > -ing > sens / valeur

 

séquence en -ing autonome (gérondif)

 

valeur : mot d'ordre, objectif commun

 

 

Protecting America

 

Commemorating Rosa Parks

 

 

 

 

 

 

séquence nominale / nom en -ing (N-ing)

 

sujet, objet ou complément

 

 

Buying a car

[ N-ing sujet de can be ]

can be a daunting undertaking

 

 

 

 

Mutu denies using cocaine

[ N-ing objet de denies ]

 

 

 

 

A gadget which combines

two of Britain's greatest preoccupations,

watching television

and looking in the mirror,

[ N-ing complément

de two of Britain's greatest preoccupations ]

has triumphed

in an annual innovation contest.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Protecting America

[ Ngérondif autonome ]

 

President Bush signs

the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004

during a ceremony in Washington, December 17, 2004.

 

Standing with Bush are

(from left) Senate majority leader Bill Frist,

Lee Hamilton, vice chairman of the 9/11 Commission,

Senator Joe Lieberman (D-CT),

Thomas Kean, chairman of the 9/11 Commission,

Senator Susan Collins (R-ME), Rep. Jane Harman (D-CA),

and Rep. Pete Hoekstra (R-MI).

 

Photo by Kevin Lamarque/Reuters.

 

Bush Signs Intelligence Overhaul Legislation

R        Fri Dec 17, 2004    01:19 PM ET

http://www.reuters.com/newsArticle.jhtml;jsessionid=
1DZFVJ1AD05YGCRBAEOCFEY?type=topNews&storyID=7127879

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commemorating Rosa Parks

[ Ngérondif autonome ]

 

 

President Bush signs a bill during a ceremony held

in the Eisenhower Executive Office Building

at the White House, December 1, 2005.

 

REUTERS/Mannie Garcia

Rosa Parks to be honored with statue        R        1.12.2005

http://today.reuters.com/news/newsArticle.aspx?type=topNews&storyID=
2005-12-01T175407Z_01_YUE163434_RTRUKOC_0_US-LIFE-PARKS.xml

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Responding to Katrina

[ Ngérondif autonome ]

 

 

Matt Wuerker

Washington, DC

Cagle

13.10.2005

http://cagle.msnbc.com/politicalcartoons/PCcartoons/wuerker.asp

Karl Rove,

President George W. Bush's top political adviser.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 
 

A l'inverse de to -> BV,

qui permet à l'énonciateur :

 

 

1 - de faire comme si son lecteur / interlocuteur

ignorait tout de ce qui va lui être dit,

et donc de créer

un suspense / un effet d'anticipation / d'annonce

et de transmettre

une information présentée comme inédite :

 

 

 

 

To Isolate Iran,

U.S. Presses Inspectors on Nuclear Data

 

October 15, 2011

The New York Times

By DAVID E. SANGER

and MARK LANDLER

 

WASHINGTON —

President Obama is pressing United Nations nuclear inspectors

to release classified intelligence information showing

that Iran is designing and experimenting with nuclear weapons technology.

The president’s push is part of a larger American effort

to further isolate and increase pressure on Iran after accusing it

of a plot to assassinate Saudi Arabia’s ambassador to the United States.

To Isolate Iran, U.S. Presses Inspectors on Nuclear Data,
NYT,
15.10.2011,
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/10/16/world/middleeast/
white-house-says-data-shows-iran-push-on-nuclear-arms.html

 

 

 

 

 

To understand the national lottery's impact

on British society over the past decade,

you need to see beyond a morass of noughts.

You need to see beyond the £16 billion the draw has raised

for more than 180,000 good causes.

You need to see beyond the 1,600 millionaires created

since the game began;

the two million people who win a prize every week,

even if it is only a tenner for getting three numbers right;

the 20,000 blue plaques being screwed onto walls

to commemorate a local project that has received lottery funding.

So how was it for you?: Ten years ago the national lottery was launched
amid get-rich-quick mania and dire misgivings over its impact on our way of life.
The changes wrought by our multi-billion windfall are profound,
and go deeper than the headlines,
O,
24.10.2004,
https://www.theguardian.com/society/2004/oct/24/lottery.artsfunding  

 

 

 

 

 

Doctors Wage a Frantic Fight

to Save a Wounded Officer

 

November 29, 2005

The New York Times

By MICHAEL BRICK

 

The guarded entrance to Building C of the Kings County Hospital Center in Brooklyn is designed for ambulance traffic, but the green Impala that stopped at its painted curb around 3 a.m. yesterday counted as an emergency vehicle.

There were bullet holes in the doors, and the front-seat passenger, Officer Dillon Stewart, was bleeding from a massive heart injury.

His wound was severe, but there was cause for hope. Just a few hours earlier, surgeons at the hospital had opened the chest of a 17-year-old gunshot victim, saving his life, and now Officer Stewart, 35, was delivering a robust, thick-walled heart into their care. "The heart has a mind of its own," said Dr. Robert S. Kurtz, one of his surgeons, "and his was the heart of a fighter."

The fight to keep Officer Stewart alive, which played out over roughly five hours, was recounted in interviews with Dr. Kurtz and Dr. Patricia O'Neill, the co-directors of trauma surgery and surgical critical care at Kings County.
 

(...)

Doctors Wage a Frantic Fight to Save a Wounded Officer,
NYT,
29.11.2005,
http://www.nytimes.com/2005/11/29/nyregion/29medical.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2 - de présenter

un objectif nouveau, difficile à atteindre,

et supposé non encore compris / admis / assimilé

par le destinataire :

 

 

 

 

  
To Fight Rising Costs,

Hospitals Seek Allies

in the Operating Room

 

November 18, 2005

The New York Times

By REED ABELSON

 

It is a war on rising hospital costs, being fought one tiny balloon at a time. And as with most wars, some of the tactics are controversial.

Until recently, some cardiologists at the PinnacleHealth System hospital group in Pennsylvania would inflate a new artery-opening balloon each time they inserted a stent into a patient's clogged arteries. Now, if they can, these doctors will use a single balloon throughout a patient's procedure.

That simple step, which the doctors say poses no additional risk to patients, saves at least a couple of hundred dollars a procedure. And - here lies the controversy - the doctors share in any money they save the hospital. While the new approach gives them a financial incentive to be more cost- conscious, it also fundamentally recasts the traditional arm's-length relationship between a hospital and the doctors who practice there.

To Fight Rising Costs, Hospitals Seek Allies in the Operating Room,
NYT,
18.11.2005,
http://www.nytimes.com/2005/11/18/business/18share.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

le gérondif

(BV + -ing seul

ou avec complément)

part souvent

d'un autre présupposé :

 

 

 

le connu / reconnu, le récurrent, le rassurant, le non-surprenant,

le cliché, le slogan, le mot d'ordre,

l'acquis, le mode d'emploi (notamment dans les titres de rubrique),

le mode de vie, l'art de vivre, la loi, les règles du jeu, le consensuel, l'enjeu collectif,

le projet commun bien défini, l'objectif présenté comme possible / déjà atteint,

le déjà-dit / compris, le on-dit, la mémoire collective, un état jugé important,

la phase décisive, l'information essentielle, fiable,

sur laquelle on ne peut revenir, que l'on ne peut contester.

 

 

 

La valeur majeure de -ing gérondif

est la validation / acceptation - réelle ou fictive -

de ce qui est dit par l'ensemble des énonciateurs.

 

 

-ing joue ici le rôle d'un sceau énonciatif ( //  Will ).

 

 

"Celui-qui-parle" se présente en maître du discours :

un titre / un slogan / un mot d'ordre en -ing gérondif

introduit souvent un texte argumenté,

qui prétend faire autorité / référence,

et auquel l'autre ne peut se dérober.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Protecting America's borders

[ Ngérondif autonome ]

 

President Bush

talked about illegal immigration

during a speech on Monday in Tuscon, Ariz.

 

Evan Vucci/Associated Press

 

President Renews His Campaign

to Overhaul Immigration Policies

NYT        29.11.2005

http://www.nytimes.com/2005/11/29/politics/29bush.html

 



 

 

 

 

Avec les titres en -ing gérondif,

la notion d'énonciateur s'estompe :

on est dans le slogan,

n'importe qui peut reprendre n'importe quel segment gérondif,

il n'y a pas de "je" qui en assemblerait pour la première fois les éléments

(absence de sujet grammatical).

 

 

 

 

 

A l'inverse de l'impératif (Base Verbale),

où celui qui parle isole l'autre,

lui enjoint de faire seul ce qui lui est demandé,

sans nécessairement l'aider et surtout sans l'aiguiller dans un discours

(voir la publicité, en pages 11 et 13 du Guardian, de British Petroleum),

Ngérondif relie énonciateur et co-énonciateur

dans un système discursif déjà défini.

 

Ce qui se dit ressort du cliché,

du discours commun, prévisible.

 

 

 

 

 

Il peut y avoir effet d'annonce,

mais dans ce cas -ing gérondif implique souvent

que ce qui est prévu risque fort de se réaliser,

qui plus est avec une certaine facilité

(// avec l'énoncé en will de la une du Socialist Worker ).

 

 

Nombre de titres en -ing

jouent d'ailleurs sur l'inéluctable, l'inévitable.

 

Sous-entendu : vous ne pouvez pas y échapper,

on ne peut pas faire autrement, on-va-pas-y-couper-hein.

 

 

Voir aussi > Will

 

 

 

 

 

Un énoncé en -ing gérondif

vise souvent à rassurer, à conforter le co-énonciateur.

 

 

Même lorsque l'information est inquiétante,

le sous-entendu se veut rassurant :

maintenant au moins, on sait, on comprend, c'est clair, on est fixé.

 

L'énonciateur joue sur les deux tableaux :

moi qui vous parle, je m'amuse à vous faire peur,

je vous fais prendre conscience d'un problème,

mais en même temps, je vous donne le mode d'emploi,

le schéma, la recette, pour ne plus avoir peur, comprendre, réagir

(une du Socialist Worker).

 

 

 

 

 

Addressing the Justice Gap

[ Gérondif autonome > sens > objectif + mode d'emploi ]

 

August 23, 2011

The New York Times


Most low-income Americans cannot afford

a lawyer to defend their legal interests,

no matter how urgent the issue.

Unless they are in a criminal case,

most have no access to help

from government-financed lawyers either.

Addressing the Justice Gap, NYT, 23.8.2011,
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/08/24/opinion/addressing-the-justice-gap.html

 

 

 

 

 

Going for gold

[ Gérondif autonome > sens > objectif + explication ]

 

China's sports schools take thousands

of very young children and groom them for glory.

In four years' time,

it should be the most successful Olympic nation on earth.

Sam Wollaston reports

    Headline and sub, 10.11.2004,
    http://www.guardian.co.uk/china/story/0,7369,1347435,00.html

 

 

 

 

 

Smoking, drinking, eating, gambling and hunting.

[ Gérondif autonome ]

 

The government seems to want

to be involved with every aspect of our lives.

But should it?

    Small ideas, big issues, O, 21.11.2004,
    http://observer.guardian.co.uk/comment/story/0,6903,1356078,00.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Guardian        Technology        p. 3        3.11.2005

Game of the week

Playing God

Mike Anderiesz        The Guardian        Thursday November 3, 2005

https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2005/nov/03/
games.shopping2 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Socialist Worker        p. 1        26.11.2005

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Guardian        Extending Boundaries        p. 1        2.12.2005

Has the fight been won?

The government wants disabled people to have full equality by 2025.

Years of struggle by disability campaigners means

we now have extensive laws prohibiting discrimination and promoting access,

with more to come next year
http://www.guardian.co.uk/extendingboundaries/story/0,,1654174,00.html
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Guardian        p. 11        14.11.2005

 

 

 

The Guardian        p. 13        14.11.2005

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Guardian        p. 11        23.11.2005

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Guardian        p. 27        7.12.2005

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Guardian        Public Services Awards        p. 5        30.11.2005

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Guardian        Technology        p. 1        24.11.2005

 

Seeing the big picture

Cheap and simple digital cameras

are turning the world of photography on its head.

Will this revolution be the profession's biggest challenge, asks Tom Ang

The Guardian        Technology        p. 1        Thursday November 24, 2005
http://technology.guardian.co.uk/weekly/story/0,16376,1648837,00.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Guardian        Society        p. 6        16.11.2005

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

British Prime Minister Tony Blair as a ghost.

 

Martin Rowson

The Guardian        p. 33        15.11.2005
http://www.guardian.co.uk/cartoons/martinrowson/0,7371,1647412,00.html

 

Blair and Kelly try to defuse rebellion over schools

· PM admits reforms are unpopular with MPs

· Cabinet colleague stresses roles for local authorities

Patrick Wintour, chief political correspondent        The Guardian        Tuesday November 15, 2005
http://politics.guardian.co.uk/labour/story/0,9061,1642848,00.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Guardian        Film & Music        p. 17        9.12.2005

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Economist        23.7.2005
http://www.economist.com/printedition/index.cfm?d=20050723

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

November 8, 1993        Vol. 142 No. 19
http://www.time.com/time/magazine/0,9263,7601931108,00.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Guardian        p. 24        14.3.2005

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Guardian        Society        p. 16        23.11.2005

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Guardian        Society        p. 11        9.11.2005

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Guardian        Society        p. 22        19.10.2005

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Guardian        Society        p. 16        19.10.2005

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Guardian        p. 7        15.12.2004

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Guardian        p. 3        8.2.2005

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

               

 

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

George W. Bush site        27.10.2004

 

 

 

The Democratic Party site        16.11.2004

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Avec -ing gérondif,

on postule que ce qui est dit

est bien connu, répété, établi, accepté par tout-un-chacun

- on ne va pas revenir là-dessus -,

même si l'information vient de tomber (1),

même si ce dont on parle est relativement nouveau (2) :

 

 

1 - Hunting with Firefox [ Gérondif ]

 

Today marks a milestone in the history of the "open source" movement,

the extraordinary unpaid community of volunteers all over the world

who work together to produce software

which is placed in the public domain without commercial gain.

Today sees the official launch of Firefox (www.getfirefox.com),

a free internet browser that is daring

to take on Internet Explorer, owned by Microsoft,

which until recently had a market share of over 95%.

It roundly beat Netscape (originally known as Mosaic) during the late 1990s

in what became known as the browser war.

Headline and §1, G, 9.11.2004,
http://www.guardian.co.uk/online/news/0,12597,1346519,00.html

 

 

 

 

 

2 - Buying a car online

[ Gérondif > valeur > objectif, conseils, mode d'emploi ]

 

Buying a car

[ N-ing sujet de can be ]

can be a daunting undertaking,

but knowing where to look on the internet

[ N-ing sujet de can make ]

can make it a whole lot easier,

writes Jane Perrone

    Headline and sub, G, 13.11.2004,
    http://www.guardian.co.uk/cars/story/0,15383,1350134,00.html

 

 

 

 

 

Dans la dépêche de Reuters ci-dessous,

abusing Iraqi prisoners

est un N-ing qui relève de la mémoire collective :

depuis que les photographies des sévices

ont été diffusées sur internet dans les premiers mois de 2004,

et reconnues comme authentiques par les autorités américaines,

en octobre (date de l'article) personne n'est censé ignorer

que des soldats américains ont torturé des prisonniers irakiens

dans la prison d'Abu Ghraib.

 

On ne débat plus de la validité de ces photos,

abusing Iraqi prisoners

fait déjà partie du discours ambiant,

du bruit de fond énonciatif.

 

 

BAGHDAD (Reuters) -

A military judge jailed a U.S. army sergeant,

described in court as a typical all-American boy,

for eight years on Thursday

forpréposition sexually and physically abusing Iraqi prisoners.

[ abusing Iraqi prisoners ne détermine aucun nom, c'est un N-ing sujet.

Il ne s'agit pas d'un segment déterminant en -ing,

mais d'un nom -ing complément de cause de la proposition

A military judge jailed a U.S. army sergeant ]

 

The sentence for Staff Sergeant Ivan "Chip" Frederick, 38,

is by far the toughest of those handed down to three soldiers

now convicted over abuses at Baghdad's Abu Ghraib prison.

Photos of naked prisoners being taunted and humiliated at the jail

outraged the world when they were published in April.

Frederick, who sat impassively

through the two-day court martial at a U.S. base in Baghdad,

appeared shaken and looked at the floor

after judge Colonel James Pohl announced his verdict,

which included a dishonorable discharge and a demotion.

Defense counsel Gary Myers said the sentence was excessive

and he would appeal.

Frederick, the most senior soldier indicted in the scandal,

pleaded guilty to five charges that included assault,

committing an indecent act

[ N-ing objet de included ]

and dereliction of duty.

The church-going father of two,

who was a prison guard in civilian life, admitted

helping tie wires to the fingers and penis of one prisoner

[ N-ing objet de admitted ]

and telling him he could be electrocuted,

[ N-ing objet de admitted ]

and forcing three hooded detainees to masturbate.

[ N -ing objet de admitted ]

U.S. Soldier Gets 8 Years for Iraq Jail Abuse,
R, Thu Oct 21, 2004 01:16 PM ET,
http://www.reuters.com/newsArticle.jhtml;jsessionid=
Z35OXH5AICI1WCRBAE0CFEY?type=topNews&storyID=6572962

 

 

 

 

 

A gadget which combines two of Britain's greatest preoccupations,

watching television and looking in the mirror,

[ N-ing complément de two of Britain's greatest preoccupations ]

has triumphed in an annual innovation contest.

    Gadget awards celebrate great British obsessions, G, 29.10.2004,
    http://shopping.guardian.co.uk/gadgets/story/0,1587,1338777,00.html

 

 

 

 

 

Delivering the goods

[ Gérondif autonome > sens > objectif + mode d'emploi ]

 

There's no doubting Google's power and popularity.

Yet few of us use the search engine effectively.

Jack Schofield offers some tips

    Headline and sub, G, 21.10.2004,
    http://www.guardian.co.uk/online/story/0,3605,1117818,00.html

 

 

 

 

 

Mutu denies using cocaine

[ N-ing objet de denies ]

 

"Scared" striker back in London for talks with Mourinho

    Headline and sub, G, 18.10.2004,
    http://football.guardian.co.uk/News_Story/0,1563,1330147,00.html

 

 

 

 

 

'It is aboutpréposition being accepted in society'

[ N en -ing complément de is ]
 

    Headline, G, 13.10.2004,
    http://www.guardian.co.uk/gayrights/story/0,12592,1326003,00.html

 

 

 

 

 

Getting deeper into debt

[ Gérondif autonome > sens > constat ]

 

Once Britain was a nation of shopkeepers

- now it appears we are a nation of debtors.

Jill Phillip on the high street lenders

who help us further into the red

    Headline and sub, G, 4.10.2004,
    http://money.guardian.co.uk/creditanddebt/debt/story/0,1456,1319474,00.html

 

 

 

 

 

Britain is to become a lead player

in an ambitious European space programme

which includes landing astronauts on Mars by 2033.

[ N-ing objet de includes ]

The science minister, Lord Sainsbury,

announced today that the UK is contributing £5m

to help pave the way for the Aurora programme to explore the solar system,

including manned missions to Earth's nearest planetary neighbour.

The pledge effectively gives Britain a guaranteed place

among the front-rank European Space Agency participants.

The money, from the Particle Physics and Astronomy Research Council (PPARC),

will go towardspréposition defining a road map for Aurora

and starting work on the programme's first robotic missions.

[ defining a road map for Aurora

and starting work on the programme's first robotic missions

ne déterminent aucun nom,

il ne s'agit pas d'un segment déterminant en -ing,

mais d'un N-ing objet  de go ]

Britain joins mission to Mars, G, 1.10.2004,
http://education.guardian.co.uk/higher/sciences/story/0,12243,1317690,00.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

16.10.2004

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Study claims

watching TV can shorten a child's attention span...

[ N-ing sujet de can shorten ]

 

 

Larry Wright

The Detroit News

Cagle

7.4.2004

http://cagle.slate.msn.com/politicalcartoons/PCcartoons/wright.asp

http://info.detnews.com/editorial/cartoonarchive/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Résumé :

 

Il ne faut pas confondre -inggérondif

et

participe / séquence nominale en -ing.

 

 

inggérondif

est une forme nominale

auto-déterminée, autonome.

On la trouve souvent dans les slogans

ou dans les titres d'article.

 

 

Sur le plan de la syntaxe,

à l'inverse d'un segment déterminant en -ing,

segment qui s'accroche à un nom / GN

ou à une proposition (SVO)

pour le / la compléter,

inggérondif est auto-sémantique :

il fait sens tout seul.

 

 

 

 

inggérondif

est d'ailleurs souvent utilisé seul

dans les titres de journaux

(voir aussi The Economist) :

 

 

 

Time        August 8, 2005        Vol. 166 No. 6

http://www.time.com/time/covers/0,16641,1101050808,00.html

 

 

 

 

 

Une séquence en -ing peut compléter un GN,

en précisant le sens du nom le plus important du GN,

en l'occurence ici policy.

 

 

L'ensemble forme un GN complexe :

 

The government's policy ofpréposition

handing key education services to the private sector

[ N-ing complément du GNgénitif The government's policy ]

came under renewed attack yesterday

after ministers confirmed that a £177m contract

has been awarded to Britain's biggest outsourcing company, Capita.

    Capita's school deal under fire, G, 2.10.2004,

http://education.guardian.co.uk/specialreports/privatisation/story/0,5500,1318041,00.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6.8.2005

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Seeking solutions

[ -ing gérondif autonome ]

 

Google has set the cat among the pigeons

with the release of its Desktop Search tool,

which keeps track of the contents of your PC.

Bobbie Johnson reports

    Headline and sub, G, 21.10.20O04,
    http://www.guardian.co.uk/online/story/0,3605,1331537,00.html

 

 

 

 

 

A l'inverse de -ing gérondif,

 N-ing est souvent sujet ou objet d'un verbe / GV.

 

 

Ellipse (Ø) de préposition (from, by) :

 

Protesting 'stops Batman Ø seeing baby daughter'

 

He risked his life, his liberty and his reputation

to perch for five hours on a ledge

at Buckingham Palace dressed as Batman.

It was all, he said, to highlight

the injustice ofpréposition not being allowed proper contact

with his two young children from a previous marriage.

[  N-ing complément du N the injustice ]

As Jason Hatch walked out of a police cell yesterday

it was surprising, then, to find his current girlfriend complaining

that his commitment topréposition protesting for fathers' rights

[ N-ing complément du N his commitment ]

meant he had little time for their seven-month-old daughter

- the youngest of his four children by three different women.

        Headline and first §§, G, 15.9.2004,
        http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk_news/story/0,3604,1304743,00.html

 

 

 

Dans le titre-ci-dessus,

 

seeing baby daughter

ne porte pas sur / ne détermine pas / ne qualifie pas Batman.

 

seeing baby daughter

est un N-ing objet du verbe prépositionnel stop from.

 

Enoncé reconstitué / théorique

avec verbe prépositionnel stop from :

Protesting 'stops Batman from seeing baby daughter'.

 

 

    - > Voir Groupe nominal > GN avec segment (s) déterminant (s) en -ing

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Larry Wright

The Detroit News

Cagle

8.6.2004

http://cagle.slate.msn.com/politicalcartoons/PCcartoons/wright.asp

http://info.detnews.com/editorial/cartoonarchive/

 

 

 

 

 

Dans le dessin ci-dessus (anglais américain),

sending him to his room three years ago

qualifie mistake.

 

 

Enoncé recomposé / théorique :

Did we make a mistake

bypréposition sending him to his room three years ago?

 

Traductions explicatives :

Aurions-nous fait l'erreur de l'envoyer

dans sa chambre il y a trois ans ?

C'était peut-être une erreur de l'envoyer

dans sa chambre il y a trois ans ?

 

 

sending him to his room three years ago

qualifie / catégorise / complète / précise le sens de mistake.

 

Avec ce complément d'information,

le lecteur comprend de quelle erreur il s'agit.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Retour à l'article sur Jason Hatch / Batman,

mais avec N-ing mis en évidence,

qui apporte un complément d'information

à his current girlfriend.

 

 

Protesting 'stops Batman seeing baby daughter'

 

He risked his life, his liberty and his reputation

to perch for five hours on a ledge at Buckingham Palace dressed as Batman.

It was all, he said, to highlight the injustice of not being allowed proper contact

with his two young children from a previous marriage.

As Jason Hatch walked out of a police cell yesterday

it was surprising, then, to find his current girlfriend

complaining that his commitment to protesting for fathers' rights

meant he had little time for their seven-month-old daughter

[ ce participe en -ing apporte une information circonstancielle

relative à l'état de his current girlfriend,

mais cette information n'est pas catégorisante :

elle ne catégorise pas girlfriend ].

- the youngest of his four children by three different women.

    Headline and first §§, G, 15.9.2004,
    http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk_news/story/0,3604,1304743,00.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chasseur, passe ton chemin!

Chai Soua Vang
n'a apparemment pas tenu compte de l'avertissement écrit sur cette pancarte.
Et six personnes, venues lui rappeler leur droit à la propriété privée
dans ce coin du Wisconsin, l'ont payé de leur vie.

Dimanche, deux traqueurs de chevreuil surprennent Chai Soua Vang
sur leur plate-forme d'observation installée dans un arbre.
Le ton monte, un coup de feu part. L'un des hommes demande alors de l'aide par radio.
Venus à la rescousse, quatre autres chasseurs sont la cible d'un feu nourri.

Selon l'adjoint du shérif, les corps étaient «très éloignés les uns des autres»,
ce qui laisse supposer que l'auteur de la fusillade a pourchassé ses victimes.
Chai Soua Vang, 36 ans, de Saint-Paul (Minnesota)
été interpellé sans incident dimanche après-midi.
Il a été identifié par l'un des chasseurs blessés
qui avait relevé le numéro d'identification inscrit sur sa veste.
Mortelle partie de chasse,

mercredi 24 novembre 2004 - 19:32, Libération / Reuters

http://www.liberation.com/page.php?Article=195004&Template=GALERIE&Objet=25417

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Guardian        p. 17        8.9.2004

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

autres énoncés

 

 

 

 

The government's policy ofpréposition

handing key education services to the private sector

[ N-ing  complément de The government's policy ]

came under renewed attack yesterday

after ministers confirmed that a £177m contract has been awarded

to Britain's biggest outsourcing company, Capita.

    Capita's school deal under fire, G, 2.10.2004,
    http://education.guardian.co.uk/specialreports/privatisation/story/0,5500,1318041,00.html

 

 

 

 

 

Barclays denies 'fleecing' clients

[ N-ing objet de denies ],

 

Barclays Bank is likely

to be accused ofpréposition making profits of at least $300m (£166m),

[ N-ing objet de be accused ofpréposition]

bypréposition short-selling complex bond instruments,

[ N-ing complément de moyen de making profits of at least $300m (£166m) ]

known as CDOs, where clients who had bought the products suffered huge losses.

Last week HSH Nordbank, the German bank,

filed a case in London's high court to recover $150m (£85m) of losses

it said it suffered

bypréposition investing in collateralised debt obligations (CDOs) issued by Barclays

[ N-ing complément de cause ].

It claims it was mis-sold the products.

Barclays yesterday strongly denied taking out short positions in the bonds

[ N-ing objet de denied ],

but the scale and bitterness of the legal battle

is already causing deep alarm

among other investment banks operating in the lightly regulated $500bn market

for credit derivatives such as CDOs

[ N-ing déterminant / catégorisant other investment banks ].

    Headline and first §§, 2.10.2004,
    http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/story/0,3604,1318012,00.html

 

 

 

 

 

Making pension contributions compulsory

[ N-ing sujet de would distract ],

would "distract from the problems of the UK pensions system",

according to an influential Labour-affiliated thinktank.

The Fabian Society said any plans to force workers and employers

to make pension contributions could also prove

to be a vote loser if employers push through cuts in wages to pay for the scheme.

Fabian research director Richard Brooks said

compelling companies to make pensions contributions

[ N-ing sujet de will lead ]

will lead to lower wages because "compulsion does not produce free money".

    Compulsory pensions 'could be a vote loser', says thinktank, G, 20.0.2004,
    http://money.guardian.co.uk/news_/story/0,1456,1308302,00.html

 

 

 

 

 

Being Cherie

[ Gérondif autonome > valeur > état ]

 

Cherie Blair reveals precious little in her book on life in the Downing Street 'fishbowl',

but what have the past seven years really been like for Britain's first lady?

Has she managed to redefine the role of prime minister's spouse

- or fallen victim to a demanding public and a ruthless press?

And what is it with her and money?

Fiona Millar, who worked for Cherie for eight years, knows better than most.

Here, for the first time, she describes the perilous tightrope

any Downing Street wife must walk

    Headline and sub, G, 16.9.2004,
    http://politics.guardian.co.uk/cherie/comment/0,12713,1305474,00.html

 

 

 

 

 

Computerising the body:

[ Gérondif autonome > valeur > processus, objectif  ]

Microsoft wins patent

to exploit network potential of skin

 

Fact or fiction - carrying a keyboard on your arm [ Gérondif autonome ]

 

Call it the ultimate wireless network. From the ends of your fingers to the tips of your toes,

the human body is a moving, throbbing collection of tubes and tunnels, filled with salty water

and all capable ofpréposition transmitting the lifeblood of the 21st century: information.

[ N-ing complément ].

 

 

In what may seem a move too far to some, the computer software giant Microsoft

has been granted exclusive rights to this ability of the body to act as a computer network.

Two weeks ago the company was awarded US Patent 6,754,472, which bears the title:

Method and apparatus forpréposition transmitting power and data using the human body

 

[ Préposition for suivie de la séquence - ing

transmitting power and data

complète / détermine / définit / précise le GN Method and apparatus :

la méthode et le système qui permettent de / consistent à

transmettre l'électricité et les données ]

 

[ using the human body est un N-ing complément de moyen  ]

 

 

Microsoft envisages using the human skin's conductive properties

to link a host of electronic devices around the body,

from pagers and personal data assistants (PDA)

to mobile phones and microphones

[ N-ing objet de envisages ],

although the company is uncharacteristically coy about exactly

what it may have in mind.

Headline, sub and first §§, 6.7.2004,
http://www.guardian.co.uk/online/news/0,12597,1254911,00.html

 

 

 

 

 

Getting on the wrong bus usually spells

[ N-ing sujet de spells ]

disaster, but for one second world war veteran on Sunday

it led to the ride of a lifetime.

How D-day veteran hitched a lift with a president,
G, 8.6.2004,
http://www.guardian.co.uk/secondworldwar/story/0,14058,1233777,00.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Voir aussi > Anglonautes > grammaire

 

Impératif

 

Impératif / Gérondif

 

Ne pas confondre

gérondif et participe / segment en -ing

 

Syntaxe > Segment en -ing

 

GN + to + GNgérondif

 

GV + GNgérondif

 

prépositions + N

 

Préposition > Verbe +  topréposition (reprise) + GN / séquence en -ing

 

to -> BV : fiction du jamais-dit

 

to -> BV : entrée en syntaxe

 

formes en -ing