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History > 17th century > England > Timeline in pictures

 

 

William III (of Orange)    1650-1702

 

William

 was 'stadtholder'

of the Netherlands

and in 1688-1689

became king of England

in the 'Glorious Revolution',

ruling jointly with his wife,

Mary.

 

He deposed James II.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/william_iii.shtml

 

 

 

The Protestant William of Orange's

seizure of the throne

from the Catholic James II

was blatant usurpation,

but it settled once and for all

the conflict

between crown and parliament

https://www.theguardian.com/books/2011/oct/30/
english-dates-1688-glorious-revolution

 

 

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/william_iii.shtml

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/books/2011/oct/30/
english-dates-1688-glorious-revolution

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

James II    1633-1701

 

James

was a Stuart king

of England,

Scotland and Ireland

who in 1688

was overthrown

in the 'Glorious Revolution'

by William III.

 

James was born

on 14 October 1633

to Charles I

and his French wife,

Henrietta Maria

and was named

after his grandfather,

James I and VI.

 

During the English Civil War

he was captured but fled

to exile on the continent.

 

He distinguished

himself a soldier,

returning to England

at the Restoration

of his brother, Charles II,

in 1660.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/james_ii.shtml

 

 

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/james_ii.shtml 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1701

 

The act of settlement

 

 

http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/alabaster/A695441

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/uk/2000/dec/06/monarchy 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1700

 

The Act of Settlement

 

 

https://www.legislation.gov.uk/aep/Will3/12-13/2/contents    

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mary II    1662-1694

 

The daughter

of James II, Mary

and her husband

William of Orange

became

co-rulers of England

after

the 'Glorious Revolution'.

 

Mary was born

on 30 April 1662,

the eldest daughter

of James, Duke of York

and his first wife

Anne Hyde.

 

James

converted

to Catholicism

at the end

of the 1660s,

but Mary

and her sister Anne

were raised

as Protestants.

 

In November 1677,

Mary married

her Dutch cousin

William, Prince of Orange

and went to the Netherlands

to live with him.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/mary_ii_queen.shtml

 

 

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/mary_ii_queen.shtml
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Battle of the Boyne    1690

 

The Treaty of Limerick    1691

 

 

 http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/timelines/ni/battle_boyne.shtml

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1688

 

The Glorious Revolution

 

William III (r. 1689-1702)

and Mary II (r. 1689-94)

 

Declaration of Rights / Bill of Rights    1689

 

 

http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A700372

https://avalon.law.yale.edu/17th_century/england.asp 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Stuarts and the Civil War

 

The restoration of the monarchy    1660-85

 

John Evelyn, Anthony Van Dyck

 

Charles II    r. 1660-85

 

 

 

King Charles II

Sir Anthony van Dyck (1599-1641)        1635

Oil on canvas        Musée du Louvre, Paris, France

http://www.wga.hu/frames-e.html?/html/d/dyck_van/1portrai/charles1.html

http://www.wga.hu/art/d/dyck_van/1portrai/charles1.jpg

http://www.wga.hu/frames-e.html?/html/d/dyck_van/1portrai/charles1.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/civil_war_revolution/

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/timelines/england/stu_restoration.shtml

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/charles_ii_king.shtml

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/timelines/britain/stu_charles_ii.shtml

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Thomas Hobbes    1588-1679

 

 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Hobbes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Oliver Cromwell    1599-1658

 

Civil wars    1642-1651

 

British Library

Thomason Collection of Civil War Tracts

 

 

https://www.tate.org.uk/art/artworks/dobson-portrait-of-an-officer-n04619 

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/civil_war_revolution/cromwell_01.shtml

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/war/englishcivilwar/index.shtml

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/war/englishcivilwar/west_01.shtml

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/timelines/england/stu_civil_war_p1.shtml

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/timelines/england/stu_world_upside_down.shtml 

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/timelines/england/stu_civil_war_p2.shtml

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/state/monarchs_leaders/cromwell_01.shtml

 

 

http://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2013/nov/08/
cromwell-portraitist-samuel-cooper-exhibition

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1666

 

The Great Fire of London

 

Sir Christopher Wren    1632-1723

 

 

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/games/fire/index.shtml  

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/wren_christopher.shtml

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Plague Year    1665-66

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Charles I    r. 1625-1649    (1600-1649)

 

Petition of Right        1628

 

 

 

The final speech of King Charles I,

given at his execution in January 1648/9.

 

Shelfmark: E.540.(17). © The British Library.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/timelines/britain/stu_charles_i.shtml

http://www.bl.uk/collections/early/thomason.html

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/war/englishcivilwar/index.shtml

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/state/monarchs_leaders/personality_charles_01.shtml

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2018/jan/28/
charles-i-king-and-collector-royal-academy-review

 

https://www.theguardian.com/uk/2008/nov/14/monarchy-television

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


1649

 

English Civil War

Pontefract Castle,

West Yorkshire

 

 

Once the most powerful

castle in the kingdom,

the place

where Shakespeare’s

doomed Richard II

laments his condition,

and the very last

stronghold to fall

to Oliver Cromwell’s

parliamentarian forces.

 

Even after Charles I

had been beheaded

in January 1649,

the royalists

hung on here,

declaring the king’s son

to be the rightful heir

as Charles II.

 

When the castle

finally fell,

Cromwell

persuaded the villagers

to help “slight” (destroy)

the troublesome redoubt.

 

This they never

fully achieved,

and when Victoria

reigned,

centuries later,

it became used

for growing

and storing liquorice.

http://www.theguardian.com/travel/2015/feb/14/800-years-english-history-20-day-trips

 

 

http://www.theguardian.com/travel/2015/feb/14/
800-years-english-history-20-day-trips

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Witness statements

from Irish rebellion and massacres of 1641

 

 

Fully searchable

digital edition

of the 1641 depositions

at Trinity College Dublin Library,

comprising transcripts and images

of all 4000 depositions,

examinations

and associated materials

in which Protestant men

and women of all classes

told of their experiences

following

the outbreak of the rebellion

by the Catholic Irish

in October, 1641

http://1641.eneclann.ie/

 

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2010/mar/07/
irish-rebellion-archive-online

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

November 5, 1605

 

The Gunpowder Plot        Guy Fawkes

 

 

In 1605,

a group

of disaffected Catholics

plotted to assassinate

King James I

by blowing up

the House of Lords.

 

They hoped

to restore

Protestant England

to Catholicism

and end the persecution

of their faith.

 

The 'Gunpowder Plot'

was foiled

at the eleventh hour,

an event still

celebrated annually

on 5 November

and named for

the most famous

of the conspirators

- Guy Fawkes Night.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/histories/the_gunpowder_plot

 

 

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/histories/the_gunpowder_plot

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1604-1611

 

King James Bible

 

 

In 1604,

(King James)

convened

the Hampton Court Conference

in order to set in train

a translation,

accomplished

by 47 scholars,

which would

properly reflect

the vision and structure

of the Church of England.

http://www.theguardian.com/travel/2015/feb/14/800-years-english-history-20-day-trips#img-7

 

 

http://www.theguardian.com/travel/2015/feb/14/
800-years-english-history-20-day-trips#img-7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

King James VI of Scotland

and I of England

r.1603-1625        1566-1625

 

House of: Stuart

 

Ascended to the throne:

March 24, 1603 aged 36 years

 

Died:

March 27, 1625

at Theobalds Park, Hertfordshire

 

Reigned for: 22 years, and 3 days,

King of Scotland for 57 years

1567-1625

http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=james1

 

 

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/james_i_king.shtml

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/timelines/britain/stu_james_i_acc.shtml

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/timelines/britain/stu_jamesbible.shtml

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/timelines/britain/stu_jamesbible.shtml

 

 

http://www.theguardian.com/travel/2015/feb/14/
800-years-english-history-20-day-trips#img-7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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