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History > America, English America, USA

 

17th-20th century > English America, America, USA

Slavery, Lynchings, Abolitionists, Civil War, Reconstruction

 

19th century > USA > End to slavery

 

Abraham Lincoln / "Honest Abe" (1809-1865)

 

16th President of the United States    1861-1865

 

 

 

 

Abraham Lincoln,

16th president of The United States.

Source

http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/cph.3a53289

Date: 1863 Nov. 8

Author: Alexander Gardner (1821-1882)

Wikipedia

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Abraham_Lincoln_head_on_shoulders_photo_portrait.jpg

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abraham_Lincoln

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The melancholy Abraham Lincoln

 

Photograph: Library of Congress

 

Searching for the Real Abraham Lincoln

NYT

Published Sept. 29, 2020

Updated Oct. 1, 2020

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/09/29/
books/review/abe-david-s-reynolds.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

July 7, 1865

 

Execution of the Conspirators

 

On July 7, 1865,

four people were hanged

in Washington, D.C.,

for conspiring

with John Wilkes Booth

to assassinate

President Abraham Lincoln.

http://www.nytimes.com/aponline/2014/07/07/us/ap-history.html

 

 

 

 

Execution of the four persons condemned as conspirators

(Mary E. Surratt, Lewis T. Powell, David E. Herold, and George A. Atzerodt),

July 7,1865.

 

Photographed by Alexander Gardner.

111-BA-2034.

NARA > LINCOLN'S ASSASSINATION

http://www.archives.gov/research/civil-war/photos/images/civil-war-201.jpg
http://www.archives.gov/research/civil-war/photos/index.html#lincoln

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

https://www.loc.gov/collections/abraham-lincoln-papers/
about-this-collection/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

John Wilkes Booth    1838-1865

 

President Lincoln's killer

 

 

Contrary

to what many believe,

Booth was not a madman,

according to Alford.

 

In fact,

he was politically motivated

to assassinate Lincoln.

 

"John Wilkes Booth

was one of those people

who thought the best country

in the history of the world

was the United States

as it existed

before the Civil War,"

Alford says.

 

"And then

when Lincoln came along,

he was changing

that in fundamental ways."

 

Those ideological differences

include increasing the power

of the federal government

and emancipating the slaves,

both things Booth

was vehemently against.

 

He was angered

that the government

instituted an income tax

and the military draft,

and that the government

occasionally suspended

habeas corpus,

a legal protection against

unlawful imprisonment.

 

All these things,

Alford says,

agitated Booth.

http://www.npr.org/2015/04/15/
399579416/historian-john-wilkes-booth-not-a-deranged-lone-madman

 

 

http://www.npr.org/2015/04/15/
399579416/historian-john-wilkes-booth-not-a-deranged-lone-madman

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Our nation’s martyr:

The death of President Lincoln

in Washington on April 15, 1865.

 

Photograph:

Lithograph From Currier & Ives,

via Library of Congress

 

‘Mourning Lincoln’ and ‘Lincoln’s Body’

NYT

FEB. 4, 2015

https://www.nytimes.com/2015/02/08/
books/review/mourning-lincoln-and-lincolns-body.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The National News, 14 April 1865.

 

Photograph: Reuters

 

Every Drop of Blood review:

how Lincoln's Second Inaugural bound America's wounds

G

Sat 18 Apr 2020    07.00 BST

Last modified on Sat 18 Apr 2020    08.36 BST

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2020/apr/18/
every-drop-of-blood-review-lincoln-second-inaugural

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

On the evening of April 14, 1865,

while attending

a special performance of the comedy,

"Our American Cousin,"

President Abraham Lincoln was shot.

 

Accompanying him at Ford's Theater

that night were his wife,

Mary Todd Lincoln,

a twenty-eight year-old officer

named Major Henry R. Rathbone,

and Rathbone's fiancee, Clara Harris.

 

After the play was in progress,

a figure with a drawn derringer pistol

stepped into the presidential box,

aimed, and fired.

 

The president slumped forward.

 

The assassin, John Wilkes Booth,

dropped the pistol and waved a dagger.

 

Rathbone lunged at him,

and though slashed in the arm,

forced the killer to the railing.

 

Booth leaptfrom the balcony

and caught the spurof his left boot

on a flag draped over the rail,

and shattered a bone in his leg

on landing.

 

Though injured,he rushed out

the back door,

and disappeared into the night

on horseback.

 

A doctor in the audience

immediately went upstairs

to the box.

 

The bullet had entered

through Lincoln's left ear

and lodged behind his right eye.

 

He was paralyzed

and barely breathing.

 

He was carried

across Tenth Street,

to a boarding-house

opposite the theater,

but the doctors'

best efforts failed.

 

Nine hours later,

at 7:22 AM on April 15th,

Lincoln died.

http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/alhtml/alrintr.html

 

 

https://www.loc.gov/collections/abraham-lincoln-papers/
about-this-collection/

 

 

http://www.npr.org/blogs/thetwo-way/2015/04/15/
399813809/documents-show-global-outpouring-of-grief-over-lincolns-assassination

http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2015/04/14/what-lincoln-left-behind/

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/02/08/
books/review/mourning-lincoln-and-lincolns-body.html

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/1865/04/17/
news/the-effect-of-president-lincoln-s-death-on-national-affairs.html

http://www.nytimes.com/1865/04/15/
news/president-lincoln-shot-assassin-deed-done-ford-s-theatre-last-night-act.html

http://timesmachine.nytimes.com/browser/1865/04/15/P1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Assassination of Abraham Lincoln:

 

Selected Images

from the Collections

of the Library of Congress

 

 

https://guides.loc.gov/abraham-lincoln-photos 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865)

 

16th President of the United States    1861-1865

 

 

 

Abraham Lincoln with his son Tad.

 

Photograph:

Alexander Gardner, via Library of Congress

 

Remains from Lincoln’s Last Day

NYT

APRIL 10, 2015

https://www.nytimes.com/2015/04/10/
opinion/remains-from-lincolns-last-day.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Abraham Lincoln and his second son Thomas (Tad),

photographed on 5 February 1865.

 

Photograph: Alexander Gardner

 

Early American photography – in pictures

G

Friday 2 March 2018

https://www.theguardian.com/culture/gallery/2018/mar/02/
early-american-photography-in-pictures

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/topic/person/abraham-lincoln

https://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/2002713085/ 

https://www.loc.gov/exhibits/gettysburg-address/

https://www.archives.gov/exhibits/eyewitness/html.php?section=13

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/06/01/
books/review/michael-burlingame-an-american-marriage-abraham-lincoln-mary-todd.html

 

 

 

 

https://www.npr.org/2020/12/29/
951206414/statue-of-lincoln-with-freed-slave-at-his-feet-is-removed-in-boston

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/09/29/
books/review/abe-david-s-reynolds.html

 

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2020/apr/18/
every-drop-of-blood-review-lincoln-second-inaugural

 

https://www.theguardian.com/books/2020/apr/11/
abraham-lincoln-verge-book-ted-widmer-interview

 

 

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/02/06/
books/review/six-encounters-with-lincoln-elizabeth-brown-pryor.html

 

 

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/03/20/
opinion/campaign-stops/the-man-the-founders-feared.html

 

 

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/07/04/
opinion/what-did-lincoln-really-think-of-jefferson.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/04/15/us/
politics/abraham-lincoln-the-one-president-all-of-them-want-to-be-more-like.html

 

http://www.npr.org/blogs/npr-history-dept/2015/04/14/
399495324/lincolns-private-side-friend-poet-jokester

 

http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2015/04/14/
what-lincoln-left-behind/

 

http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2015/04/13/
lincoln-on-stage/

 

http://www.bostonglobe.com/news/bigpicture/2015/04/10/
memories-abraham-lincoln/

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/04/10/
opinion/remains-from-lincolns-last-day.html

 

http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2015/04/07/
lincolns-triumphant-visit-to-richmond/

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/03/30/
arts/design/yales-beinecke-library-buys-vast-collection-of-lincoln-photos.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/03/20/
arts/design/lincoln-and-the-jews-explores-bonds-with-a-nations-growing-minority.html

 

 

 

 

http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2014/11/07/
how-lincoln-won-the-soldier-vote/

 

http://www.npr.org/blogs/thesalt/2014/02/17/
277059262/what-honest-abes-appetite-tells-us-about-his-life

 

 

 

 

http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/12/04/the-interminable-everlasting-lincolns-part-3/

 

http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/12/03/the-interminable-everlasting-lincolns-part-2/

 

http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/12/01/the-interminable-everlasting-lincolns-prologue/

 

http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/08/01/a-mothers-letter-to-lincoln/

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/02/17/books/review/lincolns-tragic-pragmatism-by-john-burt.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/01/01/opinion/the-emancipation-of-abe-lincoln.html

 

 

 

 

http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/12/04/lincoln-colonization-and-the-sound-of-silence/

http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/11/29/steven-spielberg-historian/

http://www.nytimes.com/slideshow/2010/11/24/opinion/20101125_LincolnBeard.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/11/23/us/lecompton-kansas-promotes-role-in-lincolns-rise.html

http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/07/20/lincoln-in-july/

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/11/04/us/richard-n-current-civil-war-historian-dies-at-100.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2011/03/04/opinion/20110304_Lincoln_Inauguration.html

http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/03/03/lincoln-addresses-the-nation/

http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/02/15/bayonets-in-buffalo/

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2011/02/10/opinion/20110211_Lincoln_Train.html

 

http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2010/11/24/lincoln-a-beard-is-born/

http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2010/11/23/the-sound-of-lincolns-silence/

http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2010/11/22/lincoln-speaks/

http://www.npr.org/2010/10/11/
130489804/lincolns-evolving-thoughts-on-slavery-and-freedom

http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/09/arts/design/09lincoln.html

http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2010/11/12/lincolns-mailbag/

http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2010/11/10/how-and-where-lincoln-won/

http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2010/11/07/lincoln-wins-now-what/

http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2010/11/05/hearing-the-returns-with-mr-lincoln/

http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2010/11/05/a-lincoln-photograph-and-a-mystery/

http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2010/10/30/will-lincoln-prevail/

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2009/01/19/opinion/19gates.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2008/02/14/arts/design/14linc.html

 

http://documents.nytimes.com/walt-whitman-and-abraham-lincoln

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1865

 

Slavery is abolished

 

AMENDMENT XIII

 

Passed by Congress

January 31, 1865.

 

Ratified

December 6, 1865.

 



Section 1.

 

Neither slavery

nor involuntary servitude,

except as a punishment for crime

whereof the party

shall have been duly convicted,

shall exist within the United States,

or any place subject

to their jurisdiction.

 

 

Section 2.

 

Congress shall have power to enforce

this article by appropriate legislation.

http://www.archives.gov/
national_archives_experience/charters/constitution_amendments_11-27.html
- broken URL

 

 

https://www.archives.gov/founding-docs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Members of the 107th U.S. Colored Infantry, 1865.

President Abraham Lincoln

permitted Union forces to enlist Blacks in the Civil War,

but as Carol Anderson argues in “The Second,”

white fear of armed African-Americans

has often shaped legislation around the right to bear arms.

 

Photograph: Library of Congress

 

Was the Constitutional Right to Bear Arms Designed to Protect Slavery?

NYT

May 28, 2021

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/05/28/
books/review/the-second-carol-anderson.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Civil War

 

November 19, 1863

 

Gettysburg address

 

 

At the end

of the Battle of Gettysburg,

more than 51,000

Confederate and Union soldiers

were wounded, missing, or dead.

 

Many of those who died

were laid in makeshift graves

along the battlefield.

 

Pennsylvania Governor

Andrew Curtin

commissioned David Wills,

an attorney,

to purchase land

for a proper burial site

for the deceased Union soldiers.

 

Wills acquired 17 acres

for the cemetery,

which was planned

and designed

by landscape architect

William Saunders.

 

The cemetery was dedicated

on November 19, 1863.

 

The main speaker for the event

was Edward Everett,

one of the nation’s

foremost orators.

 

President Lincoln

was also invited to speak

“as Chief Executive of the nation,

formally [to] set apart these grounds

to their sacred use

by a few appropriate remarks.”

 

At the ceremony,

Everett spoke for more than 2 hours;

Lincoln spoke for 2 minutes.

 

President Lincoln had given

his brief speech a lot of thought.

 

He saw meaning in the fact

that the Union victory at Gettysburg

coincided with the nation’s birthday;

 

but rather than focus on the specific battle

in his remarks,

he wanted to present a broad statement

about the larger significance of the war.

 

He invoked

the Declaration of Independence,

and its principles of liberty and equality,

and he spoke of “a new birth of freedom”

for the nation.

 

In his brief address,

he continued to reshape

the aims of the war

for the American people

—transforming it

from a war for Union

to a war for Union and freedom.

 

Although Lincoln expressed

disappointment

in the speech initially,

it has come to be regarded as one

of the most elegant

and eloquent speeches

in U.S. history.

http://www.ourdocuments.gov/doc.php?flash=true&doc=36

 

 

https://www.ourdocuments.gov/doc.php?flash=true&doc=36 

https://www.ourdocuments.gov/doc.php?flash=false&doc=36&page=transcript 

 

 

http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/11/17/lincolns-sound-bite-have-faith-in-democracy/

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/11/18/opinion/lincoln-at-gettysburg-long-ago.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

January 1, 1863

 

Abraham Lincoln

 

The Emancipation Proclamation

 

 

The Emancipation Proclamation,

which Abraham Lincoln

signed on Jan. 1, 1863,

was primarily a military tool.

 

When he issued it

in preliminary form

in September 1862,

it was meant to be

a warning to the South:

give up, or your slaves

will be set free.

 

And, once in place,

emancipation did just

what Lincoln wanted

— it drew untold

thousands of freed slaves

to the advancing Union armies,

depleting the Southern work force

and providing the North

with much-needed cheap labor.

 

But it also created

an immense humanitarian crisis

in which hundreds of thousands

of former slaves died from disease,

malnutrition and poverty.

 

Emancipation did, of course,

free the slaves

in the Confederacy.

 

But Lincoln can no longer

be portrayed as the hero

in this story.

 

Despite his efforts to end slavery,

his emancipation policies

failed to consider

the human cost of liberation.

http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/01/05/dying-for-freedom/

 

 

https://www.loc.gov/collections/abraham-lincoln-papers/about-this-collection/ 

https://www.archives.gov/exhibits

 

 

http://lens.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/12/20/images-of-emancipation/

http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/01/05/dying-for-freedom/

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/01/01/opinion/how-many-slaves-work-for-you.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/01/01/opinion/the-emancipation-of-abe-lincoln.html

http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/12/31/
abraham-lincoln-and-the-emancipation-proclamation/

http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/09/27/emancipation-in-indiana/

http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/09/21/lincolns-great-gamble/

http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/09/21/freedom-and-restraint/

http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/09/19/emancipations-price/

http://artsbeat.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/09/05/
lincolns-draft-of-emancipation-proclamation-coming-to-schomburg-center-in-harlem/

http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/08/16/lincolns-panama-plan/

http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/07/23/lincolns-plan-emerges/

http://artsbeat.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/06/27/
copy-of-emancipation-proclamation-sells-for-nearly-2-1-million/

 

 

http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/07/20/lincoln-in-july/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

September 23, 1862

 

Abraham Lincoln

 

End to slavery

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/news/1862/oct/06/
mainsection.fromthearchive

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/1862/oct/05/
usa.fromthearchive  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

April 16, 1862

 

President Abraham Lincoln

signs a bill ending slavery

in the District of Columbia

 

 

https://www.archives.gov/exhibits

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1860

 

Abraham Lincoln

is elected to the presidency

 

 

https://www.thirteen.org/wnet/slavery/timeline/1860.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In 1838,

as a 28-year-old state legislator,

Abraham Lincoln delivered an address

at the Young Men’s Lyceum

of Springfield, Ill.

 

The speech was given in the aftermath

of the lynching of a mixed-race boatman

and the killing of an abolitionist

newspaper editor.

 

Lincoln warned

that a “mobocratic spirit”

and “wild and furious passions”

posed a threat

to republican institutions.

 

He also  alerted people

to the danger of individuals

— “an Alexander, a Caesar

or a Napoleon?” —

who, in their search

for glory and power,

might pose a threat

to American self-government.

https://www.nytimes.com/2016/03/20/
opinion/campaign-stops/the-man-the-founders-feared.html

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2016/03/20/
opinion/campaign-stops/the-man-the-founders-feared.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > History / Historical documents

 

20th century > USA > Civil rights

 

 

17th, 18th, 19th, 20th century

English America, America, USA

Racism, Slavery,

Abolition, Civil war,

Abraham Lincoln

 

 

17th, 18th, 19th century

English America, America, USA

 

 

19th century > USA > Emancipation Proclamation - 1863

 

 

United Kingdom > Slavery

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > Vocapedia

 

slavery, eugenics,

race relations,

racial divide, racism,

segregation, civil rights,

apartheid

 

 

 

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