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History > 20th century > WW2 (1939-1945) > USA, World > Timeline in pictures

 

Japan > Sex slaves / 'Comfort women' from Korea / The Philippines

 

 

Warning: distressing content

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Remedios Tecson (from left),

Estela Adriatico, Narcisa Claveria, Felicidad delos Reyes and Estelita Dy

were teens when they were sexually enslaved.

 

Many of the estimated 1,000 Filipinas

who served as "comfort women" died of injuries or illness.

 

Survivors suffered from post-traumatic stress disorder.

 

Many went on to marry

but said their wartime experiences made them societal outcasts.

 

Photograph:

Cheryl Diaz Meyer for NPR

 

PHOTOS:

There Still Is No Comfort For The 'Comfort Women' Of The Philippines

NPR

December 4, 2020    12:11 PM ET

https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2020/12/04/
940819094/photos-there-still-is-no-comfort-for-the-comfort-women-of-the-philippines

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Malaya Lolas are a group of women

who were sexually assaulted as children by Japanese soldiers

in Pampanga province in the Philippines during World War II.

 

Left to right are

Belen Alarcon Culala, Catalina Yarbut Manio,

Lydia Alonzo Sanchez, Francia Aga Buco,

Pilar Quilantang Galang, Isabelita Vinuya, Maria Lalu Quilantang,

Candelaria Soliman and Emilia dela Cruz Mangilit.

 

Photograph:

Cheryl Diaz Meyer for NPR

 

PHOTOS:

Why These World War II Sex Slaves Are Still Demanding Justice

NPR

December 4, 2020

https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2020/12/04/
940819094/photos-there-still-is-no-comfort-for-the-comfort-women-of-the-philippines

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Belen Alarcon Culala looks out

on the street in her village of Mapaniqui in Pampanga, Philippines.

 

Culala, who died on Feb. 28, 2021,

was one of approximately 100 girls and women

who were raped repeatedly by the Japanese Imperial Army soldiers

during the course of one night in World War II.

 

Photograph:

Cheryl Diaz Meyer for NPR

 

Whatever Happened To ...

The WW II Sex Slaves Fighting For Justice?

NPR

September 24, 2021    11:51 AM ET

https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2021/09/24/
1035513463/whatever-happened-to-the-ww-ii-sex-slaves-fighting-for-justice

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ailing and infirm, Januaria Galang Garcia

is bathed by a family member

in the village of Mapaniqui in Pampanga, Philippines,

on May 19, 2019.

 

Garcia died on Sept. 3, 2021.

 

She was 9

when Japanese soldiers laid siege to her village during World War II,

killing the men and raping the women and girls.

 

Photograph:

Cheryl Diaz Meyer for NPR

 

Whatever Happened To ...

The WW II Sex Slaves Fighting For Justice?

NPR

September 24, 2021    11:51 AM ET

https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2021/09/24/
1035513463/whatever-happened-to-the-ww-ii-sex-slaves-fighting-for-justice

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Januaria Galang Garcia takes a midday nap

in the village of Mapaniqui in Pampanga, Philippines, on May 19, 2019.

 

Garcia,

who was one of the women subjected to sexual slavery

during World War II,

died on Sept. 3, 2021.

 

She was 9 years old when the Japanese attacked their village,

a suspected guerrilla holdout.

 

Photograph:

Cheryl Diaz Meyer for NPR

 

Whatever Happened To ...

The WW II Sex Slaves Fighting For Justice?

NPR

September 24, 2021    11:51 AM ET

https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2021/09/24/
1035513463/whatever-happened-to-the-ww-ii-sex-slaves-fighting-for-justice

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Narcisa Claveria takes a midday nap

with husband, Anaceto Claveria,

in their home in Antipolo, Metro Manila.

 

Claveria was 12 years old in 1943

when the Japanese came to their village in Abra, Philippines,

during World War II.

 

Accused of harboring guerrilla fighters,

her father was tortured and her mother was raped.

 

Claveria never saw them again.

 

Photograph:

Cheryl Diaz Meyer for NPR

 

Whatever Happened To ...

The WW II Sex Slaves Fighting For Justice?

NPR

September 24, 2021    11:51 AM ET

https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2021/09/24/
1035513463/whatever-happened-to-the-ww-ii-sex-slaves-fighting-for-justice

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Narcisa Claveria

receives a gentle kiss from her great-grandson, Joseph Tena, 8,

whom she and her husband have raised

since his father died when he was an infant.

 

Claveria was 12

when Japanese soldiers took her as a sex slave for 1 1/2 years.

 

They raped her mother and skinned her father alive

before burning down their house.

 

She could hear him scream,

"Children, where are you? I'm in such pain."

 

Photograph:

Cheryl Diaz Meyer for NPR

 

PHOTOS:

There Still Is No Comfort For The 'Comfort Women' Of The Philippines

NPR

December 4, 2020    12:11 PM ET

https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2020/12/04/
940819094/photos-there-still-is-no-comfort-for-the-comfort-women-of-the-philippines

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

"When we arrived to the Red House,

I was pushed so hard that I was knocked unconscious,

so I don't recall what happened to me ...

but even today, I feel the pain in my body,"

said Maria Lalu Quilantang, who was 9 years old

when her village of Mapaniqui was attacked

by the Japanese during World War II.

 

Photograph:

Cheryl Diaz Meyer for NPR

 

PHOTOS:

There Still Is No Comfort For The 'Comfort Women' Of The Philippines

NPR

December 4, 2020    12:11 PM ET

https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2020/12/04/
940819094/photos-there-still-is-no-comfort-for-the-comfort-women-of-the-philippines

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

"I'm afraid here. This is not a good place,"

said Teresita Bermudez Dayo

as she visited the remains of the Belo Mansion,

where she was imprisoned and forced to serve

as a "comfort woman" during World War II.

 

Japanese soldiers had stopped her family

when the family was traveling,

declared that the 12-year-old was pretty

and took her to their armored vehicle.

 

Photograph:

Cheryl Diaz Meyer for NPR

 

PHOTOS:

There Still Is No Comfort For The 'Comfort Women' Of The Philippines

NPR

December 4, 2020    12:11 PM ET

https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2020/12/04/
940819094/photos-there-still-is-no-comfort-for-the-comfort-women-of-the-philippines

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lydia Alonzo Sanchez was 14

when she was sexually assaulted by Japanese soldiers

on Nov. 23, 1944, during a mass rape.

 

PHOTOS:

There Still Is No Comfort For The 'Comfort Women' Of The Philippines

NPR

December 4, 2020    12:11 PM ET

https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2020/12/04/
940819094/photos-there-still-is-no-comfort-for-the-comfort-women-of-the-philippines

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fedencia Nacar David

holds her photo for an application to work as a maid.

 

She was 15. A year before,

a Japanese soldier sliced her ear and threatened to behead her

if she didn't go to a garrison with him; she was raped over 10 days.

 

"It still hurts," she says.

"I was innocent. Why did that happen to me?"

 

She kept her past from her children

until "comfort women" began speaking out in the 1990s.

 

Cheryl Diaz Meyer for NPR

 

PHOTOS:

There Still Is No Comfort For The 'Comfort Women' Of The Philippines

NPR

December 4, 2020    12:11 PM ET

https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2020/12/04/
940819094/photos-there-still-is-no-comfort-for-the-comfort-women-of-the-philippines

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Juliana dela Cruz, 92,

lies at her home in Roxas City on May 27, 2019.

 

She died Sept. 12 of that year.

 

In 1998, she testified:

"At the garrison, they imprisoned me in a room.

T

he cook was the only one who could give me food.

 

The only other ones I saw

were the three soldiers who came into my room every night

and raped me three to five times a night in the course of one month."

 

PHOTOS:

There Still Is No Comfort For The 'Comfort Women' Of The Philippines

NPR

December 4, 2020    12:11 PM ET

https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2020/12/04/
940819094/photos-there-still-is-no-comfort-for-the-comfort-women-of-the-philippines

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Maria Quistadio Arroyo was 12

when she was sexually enslaved for three months by Japanese soldiers.

 

She eventually married and had seven children

but says her husband became abusive in his later years,

beating her until his death in 1997.

 

"For years," she testified,

"I endured my husband's ridicule

while no one pointed fingers

at those ... responsible for the [wartime] assaults."

 

Cheryl Diaz Meyer for NPR

 

PHOTOS:

There Still Is No Comfort For The 'Comfort Women' Of The Philippines

NPR

December 4, 2020    12:11 PM ET

https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2020/12/04/
940819094/photos-there-still-is-no-comfort-for-the-comfort-women-of-the-philippines

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

'Comfort women'

 

system of sexual servitude

set up by

the Japanese imperial troops

during World War II.

 

They used abduction,

coercion and deception

to force women and girls

to provide sexual gratification

to military personnel.

 

Researchers cited in court cases

say that large numbers of them

did not survive.

https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2020/12/04/
940819094/photos-there-still-is-no-comfort-for-the-comfort-women-of-the-philippines

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2022/08/14/
world/asia/south-korea-comfort-women-scandal.html

 

 

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/10/21/
obituaries/kim-hak-soon-overlooked.html

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2021/09/24/
1035513463/whatever-happened-to-the-ww-ii-sex-slaves-fighting-for-justice

 

 

 

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2020/12/04/
940819094/photos-there-still-is-no-comfort-for-the-comfort-women-of-the-philippines

 

https://www.npr.org/2020/11/29/
939811000/filipino-survivor-recounts-her-struggle-as-a-comfort-woman-in-japan

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/jul/29/
unforgivable-japan-decries-wartime-sex-slave-statue-likened-to-pm-shinzo-abe

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/jun/14/
comfort-women-crisis-campaign-over-wartime-sexual-slavery-hit-by-financial-scandal

 

 

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/dec/09/
japanese-officials-helped-procure-wartime-sex-slaves-report-claims

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/09/18/
world/asia/comfort-women-documentary-japan.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/08/05/
world/asia/japan-aichi-trienniale.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/02/07/
opinion/letters/japan-sex-slaves-world-war-ii.html

 

 

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/nov/30/
japanese-paper-sparks-anger-as-it-ditches-ww2-forced-labour-term

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/11/30/
672423391/japan-times-newspaper-redefines-comfort-women-and-forced-labor

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/nov/21/
anger-in-japan-as-south-korea-dissolves-comfort-women-foundation

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/10/04/
us/osaka-sf-comfort-women-statue.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/01/12/
world/asia/japan-south-korea-comfort-women.html

 

 

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/11/25/
world/asia/comfort-women-statue.html

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/parallels/2017/11/13/
563838610/comfort-woman-memorial-statues-a-thorn-in-japans-side-now-sit-on-korean-buses

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/08/14/
opinion/comfort-women-japan-south-korea.html

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/parallels/2017/05/30/
529671510/not-all-south-koreans-satisfied-with-japans-apology-to-comfort-women

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/25/
world/asia/korean-comfort-women-park-yu-ha-japan.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/06/
opinion/no-closure-on-the-comfort-women.html

 

 

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/video/2015/dec/28/
abe-hails-japan-south-korea-aid-agreement-comfort-women-wartime-sex-slaves-video

 

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2015/dec/28/
the-guardian-view-on-japan-south-korea-and-comfort-women-one-step-towards-healing-the-wounds-of-the-past

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/dec/28/
korean-comfort-women-agreement-triumph-japan-united-states-second-world-war

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2015/12/19/
world/asia/south-korea-comfort-women-park-yu-ha.html

 

 

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/11/15/
opinion/comfort-women-and-japans-war-on-truth.html

 

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2014/apr/03/
comfort-women-deserve-a-memorial-their-ordeal-must-not-be-forgotten

 

 

 

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/pictureshow/2011/06/04/
134271795/comfort-women-untold-stories-of-wartime-abuse

 

 

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2007/feb/09/japan.
secondworldwar 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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