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History > 20th century > WW2 (1939-1945) > USA, World > Timeline in pictures > USA > Japan

 

After WW2

 

International Military Tribunal for the Far East

(IMTFE),

also known as the Tokyo Trial

or the Tokyo War Crimes Tribunal

 

1946-1948

 

 

 

International Military Tribunal for the Far East

 

https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/
macarthur-tokyo-war-crimes-trials/

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/1995/12/10/
arts/l-nuremberg-trial-japan-s-leaders-were-also-tried-003450.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/1995/12/07/
arts/l-nuremberg-trial-japan-s-leaders-were-also-tried-091553.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/1989/07/16/
obituaries/teiichi-suzuki-100-a-last-war-criminal.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/1985/09/25/
movies/film-the-tokyo-trial.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/1948/11/05/
archives/court-holds-army-led-japan-to-war-tojo-judges-declare-it-was-to.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/1946/01/19/
archives/marthur-sets-up-allied-tribunal-new-military-court-will-try-top-war.html 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hideki Tōjō    1884-1948

 

 

 

An undated photo of Prime Minister Hideki Tojo

outside the Japanese Parliament in Tokyo.

 

Photograph:

Charles Gorry/Associated Press

 

Where Did Hideki Tojo’s Body Go After His Execution?

A Mystery Is Solved.

The location of the remains

of the wartime Japanese prime minister had been a puzzle.

Now, documents reveal

that U.S. forces secretly scattered his ashes into the Pacific Ocean.

NYT

June 16, 2021    Updated 7:58 a.m. ET

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/06/16/
world/asia/japan-tojo-remains.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tojo,

appearing before the International Military Tribunal in Tokyo on Nov. 12, 1948,

was sentenced to death by hanging for his war crimes.

 

Photograph:

Charles Gorry/Associated Press

 

Where Did Hideki Tojo’s Body Go After His Execution?

A Mystery Is Solved.

The location of the remains

of the wartime Japanese prime minister had been a puzzle.

Now, documents reveal

that U.S. forces secretly scattered his ashes into the Pacific Ocean.

NYT

June 16, 2021    Updated 7:58 a.m. ET

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/06/16/
world/asia/japan-tojo-remains.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hideki Tōjō    1884-1948

 

wartime Japanese prime minister

 

Under Tojo’s dictatorial rule,

millions of civilians

and prisoners of war

suffered or died

from experiments, starvation

and forced labor.

 

After the U.S. atomic bombings

of Hiroshima and Nagasaki

forced Japan

to declare defeat in 1945,

 Tojo attempted suicide

at his home in Tokyo

and was captured moments later.

 

He was nursed back to health

by U.S. Army doctors.

 

Shortly after Tojo

and the other convicted

war criminals

were hanged in December 1948,

the American military began

a tense mission

to dispose of their ashes.

 

The effort was conducted

behind locked doors

and with armed guards,

all to prevent

the war criminals’ remains

from being salvaged

by supporters.

 

The documents provide

a detailed account

of the “execution

and final disposition.”

 

The bodies were identified

and fingerprinted

before being placed

in wooden coffins

that were nailed shut

and taken by cargo truck

to Yokohama,

22 miles south of Tokyo.

 

There, they were cremated.

 

The documents said

that “special precaution

was taken to preclude

overlooking even

the smallest particle of remains.”

 

In one document,

dated Dec. 23, 1948,

and stamped “secret,”

a U.S. Army major

named Luther Frierson wrote,

“I certify

that I received the remains,

supervised cremation,

and personally scattered the ashes

of the following executed

war criminals at sea

from an Eighth Army liaison plane.”

 

Major Frierson

scattered the ashes

“over a wide area”

— approximately 30 miles

of the Pacific Ocean

east of Yokohama.

 

David L. Howell,

a professor of Japanese history

at Harvard University,

said that by releasing the ashes

into the ocean,

U.S. forces had most likely

contravened their own rules.

 

He cited a 1947 manual

that said remains should be buried

or given to the next of kin,

when possible,

after military executions.

 

He said it was “faulty logic”

for the American authorities

to believe that disposing

of Tojo’s remains would prevent him

from being deified

by sympathizers and nationalists,

many of whom continue

to perceive Japan’s wartime efforts

as mere acts of self-defense.

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/06/16/
world/asia/japan-tojo-remains.html

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/06/16/
world/asia/japan-tojo-remains.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tokyo Trials / Tokyo War Crimes Tribunal    1946-1948

 


 

 

Jap War Criminals Arraigned, Tokyo

 

Date taken: 1946

 

Photograph: Alfred Eisenstaedt

 

Life Images

http://images.google.com/hosted/life/l?imgurl=f1bfe4a6feb8274e

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jap War Criminals Arraigned, Tokyo

 

Date taken: 1946

 

Photograph: Alfred Eisenstaedt

 

Life Images

http://images.google.com/hosted/life/l?imgurl=5150bc4a0b3cabd0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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