Why Hasn’t the Korean War Ended? It’s Been 65 Years. Video The New York Times 24 April 2018
After six decades,
the Korean War is technically still not over.
Here’s what happened – and why it still matters.
A grief stricken American infantryman
whose friend has been killed in action
is comforted by another soldier.
In the background
a corpsman methodically fills out casualty tags,
Haktong-ni area, Korea. August 28, 1950.
Sfc. Al Chang. (Army)
U.S. Army Korea Media Center official Korean War
online video archive
28 August 1950
Source: U.S. Army
A United States Marine with North Korean prisoners of war
Universal History Archive/UIG via Getty Images
Rocket Man Knows Better
SEPT. 23, 2017
Date taken: 1952
Photographer: Michael Rougier
Chung Eun-yong 1923-2014
Over the years Mr. Chung
that American troops
killed more than 100,
and possibly as many as 400,
early in the Korean War
near a railroad bridge
outside the South Korean
village of No Gun Ri.
He sent more
than a dozen petitions
to the American government
demanding an apology
James Lamar Stone 1922-2012
Col. James L. Stone
as an Army platoon leader
on a desolate hilltop
facing overwhelming Chinese forces
during the Korean War rallied his men,
then stayed behind to cover their retreat
despite being wounded three times,
actions for which
he earned the Medal of Honor
A small South Korean child
sits alone in the street,
after elements of the 1st Marine Div.
and South Korean Marines
invaded the city of Inchon,
in an offensive launched
against the North Korean forces
in that area.
September 16, 1950.
Pfc. Ronald L. Hancock. (Army)
NARA FILE #: 111-SC-348594
16 September 1950(1950-09-16)
Source U.S. Army
(Reusing this image) PD-USGov-Military-Army
With her brother on her back
a war weary Korean girl tiredly trudges by a stalled M-26 tank,
at Haengju, Korea. June 9, 1951.
Maj. R.V. Spencer, UAF. (Navy)
NARA FILE #: 080-G-429691 WAR & CONFLICT BOOK #: 1485
U.S. Army Korea Media Center official Korean War online image archive
Cleared for public release.
U.S. Army Korea - Installation Management Command
Date 9 June 1951(1951-06-09)
Author Maj. R.V. Spencer
(Reusing this image) PD-USGov-Military
Operation Area In Korea
Ex-Communist guerrilla Nim Churl Jin,
upon his return,
after two years in the hills with guerrilla forces,
is greeted by his old mother
who clutches him while screaming
"Is it a dream? You cannot be my son. My son is dead?,"
in rice field outside his fami
Location: Cholla-Namando, Korea (South)
Date taken: November 1952
Photographer: Margaret Bourke-White
A Chinese soldier,
killed by Marines of the 1st Marine Division in Korea
during attack on Hill 1051, on Kari San Mountain
US Archiv ARCWEB ARC
520794 NARA National Archives and Records Administration]
Author: N H McMasters (US Dept of Defense)
11 April 1951
MacArthur fired - Ridgway takes over
Time Covers - The 50S
Time cover: 07-16-1951 of Matthew B. Ridgway.
US President Harry S Truman
dismisses GeneralDouglas MacArthur
as commanderof United Nations
and US forces in the Far East
over foreign policy in Korea.
22-25 April 1951
Battle of the Imjin River
the South Korean government's
Truth and Reconciliation Commission,
on Jan. 19, 1951,
at least 51 villagers,
including 16 children, were killed
when U.S. planes napalmed Sansong,
a village 160 kilometers, or 100 miles,
southeast of Seoul.
A day later, it said,
at least 167 villagers,
more than half of them women,
were burned to death
or asphyxiated in Tanyang,
35 kilometers north of Sansong,
when U.S. planes dropped napalm
at the entrance of a cave filled
27 November and 13 December 1950
Battle of Chosin Reservoir
100,000 Chinese soldiers
swarmed far fewer
American Marines and soldiers
in subzero temperatures
on treacherous terrain
in one of the fiercest battles
of the Korean War
in hand-to-hand combat
with Chinese soldiers
sent by Mao Zedong
to fortify the weak
North Korean army.
The Battle of Chosin Reservoir
also known as
the Chosin Reservoir Campaign
or the Changjin Lake Campaign
was a decisive battle
in the Korean War.
the People's Republic of China
entered the conflict,
the People's Volunteer Army 9th Army
infiltrated the northeastern
part of North Korea
and surprised the US X Corps
at the Chosin Reservoir area.
A brutal 17 day battle
in freezing weather soon followed.
In the period between 27 November
and 13 December 1950,
30,000 United Nations (UN) troops
(nicknamed "The Chosin Few")
under the command
of Major General Edward Almond
were encircled by approximately
67,000 Chinese troops
under the command of Song Shi-Lun.
Although Chinese troops
managed to surround
and outnumber the UN forces,
the UN forces broke out
of the encirclement
while inflicting crippling losses
on the Chinese.
The evacuation of the X Corps
from the port of Hungnam
marked the complete withdrawal
of UN troops from North Korea.
brought off a masterstroke
by landing two divisions
240km (150 miles)
in the enemy rear
at the port of Inchon.
Their communications cut,
and under heavy
the North Koreans broke
and fled back north;
MacArthur ordered a hot pursuit
which led across the 38th parallel
and deep into North Korea.
As the victorious UN forces drew near
to the Manchurian border,
there were ominous signals from Peking
that communist China would intervene
to defend its territory.
In mid-October, MacArthur
met President Harry Truman
on Wake Island
in their first encounter
to assure him
that a massive UN offensive
was about to conclude
the war victoriously by Christmas.
No sooner had this been launched
in November than the Chinese
unleashed their armies.
The UN forces recoiled in disorder
and, by the new year,
were defending a line
well to the south of Seoul,
the capital of South Korea.
Korean War Inchon invasion September 1950
U.S. Marines landing at Inchon
as battle rages during Korean Civil War.
Location: Inchon, Korea
Date taken: 1950
Photographer: Hank Walker
The Incheon landing
helped UN troops recapture Seoul
and drive back the North Koreans.
But the tide turned again
when the Chinese entered the war.
On Sept. 10, 1950,
five days before the Incheon landing,
43 U.S. warplanes swarmed over Wolmi,
dropping 93 napalm tanks
to "burn out" its eastern slope,
according to declassified
U.S. military documents
reviewed by South Korean
Mr. Desfor climbed a 50-foot-high section
of a bombed bridge
along the Taedong River in North Korea
to photograph fleeing refugees.
"Mr. Desfor volunteered
to cover the Korean War for the news service
when the North invaded the South in June 1950.
He parachuted into North Korea with United States troops
and retreated with them after forces from the North,
joined by the Chinese, pushed south.
He was in a Jeep
near the North Korean capital, Pyongyang,
when he spotted a bridge along the Taedong River
that had been bombed.
Thousands of refugees
were lined up on the north bank
waiting their turn to cross the river.
“We came across this incredible sight,”
Mr. Desfor said in 1997 for an A.P. oral history.
“All of these people who are literally
crawling through these broken-down girders of the bridge.
They were in and out of it, on top, underneath,
and just barely escaping the freezing water.”
“My hands got so cold
I could barely trip the shutter on my camera,” he said.
“I couldn’t even finish a full pack of film. It was just that cold.”"
Max Desfor, 104, War Photographer at Midcentury, Is Dead
Mr. Desfor’s photo of hundreds of Korean War refugees crawling
across a damaged bridge in 1950 helped win him a Pulitzer Prize.
By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS NYT FEB. 21, 2018
In this December 4, 1950 photo,
residents from Pyongyang, North Korea,
and refugees from other areas
crawl perilously over shattered girders of the city's bridge,
as they flee south across the Taedong River
to escape the advance of Chinese Communist troops.
The war breaks out in June 1950
with a Communist invasion
from the north
Korean War 1950-1953
The Jack Benny Show in Korea with Errol Flynn.
Date taken: July 1951
Photographer: Michael Rougier
General Douglas MacArthur 1880-1964
Time Covers - The 50S
TIME cover 07-10-1950 General Douglas MacArthur.
Date taken: July 10, 1950
Photographer: Carl Mydans
Inchon Landing, Korea
Gen. Douglas MacArthur,
on the bridge of flagship U.S.S. Mount McKinley,
watching his X Corps
(two regiments of the 1st Marine Division)
making assault landing on beachhead.
Location: Inchon, Korea (South)
Date taken: September 1950
Photographer: Carl Mydans
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