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History > 20th century > USA > Civil rights > School desegregation > 1956 > Alabama > Autherine Lucy Foster    1929-2022

 

 

 

Autherine Lucy, center, in 1956,

after she had begun attending classes

at the University of Alabama only to face mobs that attacked her.

With her were Arthur Shores, one of her lawyers, and Ruby Hurley,

Southeast regional secretary of the N.A.A.C.P.

 

Photograph:

Gene Herrick/Associated Press

 

Autherine Lucy Foster, First Black Student at U. of Alabama, Dies at 92

Her career there lasted only three days;

attacked by mobs, she was suspended and then expelled.

Today, a campus building is named in her honor.

NYT

March 2, 2022

https://www.nytimes.com/2022/03/02/
us/autherine-lucy-foster-dead.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ms. Lucy, center,

emerged from a federal courthouse on Feb. 29, 1956,

after Judge Hobart Grooms ruled that she be allowed to return

to the University of Alabama campus.

 

The university had suspended her from classes;

after the judge’s order, it expelled her.

 

With her were her lawyers

Thurgood Marshall, behind her at left,

and, to the right of her, Mr. Shores.

 

Photograph: Gene Herrick/Associated Press

 

Autherine Lucy Foster, First Black Student at U. of Alabama, Dies at 92

Her career there lasted only three days;

attacked by mobs, she was suspended and then expelled.

Today, a campus building is named in her honor.

NYT

March 2, 2022

https://www.nytimes.com/2022/03/02/
us/autherine-lucy-foster-dead.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ms. Lucy after appearing on the Alabama campus for classes in 1956.

She was the first Black student to attend the university.

 

Photograph:

Bettmann, via Getty Images

 

Autherine Lucy Foster, First Black Student at U. of Alabama, Dies at 92

Her career there lasted only three days;

attacked by mobs, she was suspended and then expelled.

Today, a campus building is named in her honor.

NYT

March 2, 2022

https://www.nytimes.com/2022/03/02/
us/autherine-lucy-foster-dead.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Alabama students on Feb. 7, 1956,

protesting the admission of Ms. Lucy.

 

Some were wiping their eyes from tear gas and smoke bombs

that the police had used against them.

 

Photograph: Associated Press

 

Autherine Lucy Foster, First Black Student at U. of Alabama, Dies at 92

Her career there lasted only three days;

attacked by mobs, she was suspended and then expelled.

Today, a campus building is named in her honor.

NYT

March 2, 2022

https://www.nytimes.com/2022/03/02/
us/autherine-lucy-foster-dead.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Autherine Lucy Foster    1929-2022

 

Autherine Juanita Lucy (...)

was known to family and friends

by her middle name

 

(...)

 

first Black student

at U. of Alabama

 

Her career there

lasted only three days;

attacked by mobs,

she was suspended

and then expelled.

 

Autherine Lucy

had no particular desire

to be a civil rights pioneer.

 

Growing up

as the youngest of 10 children

in an Alabama farm family,

she simply wanted to get

the best education

her state could offer.

 

She obtained

a bachelor’s degree in English

from the historically Black Miles College

in Fairfield, Ala., in 1952.

 

But then,

though she was a reserved,

even shy person,

she took a daring step:

 

She applied

for entrance to her state’s

flagship educational institution,

the University of Alabama.

 

And she was accepted

— at least until university officials

discovered that she was Black

and promptly told her

that a mistake had been made

and she would not be welcome.

 

So began a legal fight

that culminated in 1956

— nearly two years

after the Supreme Court found

segregation

in public schools and colleges

unconstitutional in the landmark

Brown

v. Board of Education decision —

when Ms. Lucy became

the first Black student at Alabama.

 

But her quest to obtain

a second undergraduate degree,

in library science, lasted only

three days of classes at Tuscaloosa.

 

When mobs threatened her life

and pelted her with rocks,

eggs and rotten produce,

the university suspended her,

ostensibly for her own safety.

 

Several weeks later,

it expelled her.

https://www.nytimes.com/2022/03/02/
us/autherine-lucy-foster-dead.html

 

 

https://www.npr.org/2022/03/04/
1084663396/first-black-university-of-alabama-student-dies-days-after-a-building-is-named-fo

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2022/03/02/
us/autherine-lucy-foster-dead.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > History

 

School desegregation    1950s-1960s

 

 

School desegregation > Little Rock, Arkansas    late 1950s

 

 

School desegregation > 1957 > Little Rock, Arkansas > Elizabeth Eckford

 

 

20th century > USA > Civil rights

 

 

17th, 18th, 19th, 20th century

English America, America, USA

Racism, Slavery,

Abolition, Civil war,

Abraham Lincoln,

Reconstruction

 

 

17th, 18th, 19th century

English America, America, USA

 

 

 

 

 

United Kingdom > Slavery

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > Vocapedia

 

slavery, eugenics,

race relations,

racial divide, racism,

segregation, civil rights,

apartheid

 

 

 

 

 

Anglonautes > Arts > Photography > Photographers >

20th century > USA > Civil rights

 

Doris Derby

 

 

Doy Gorton

 

 

Danny Lyon

 

 

Steve Schapiro    1934-2022

 

 

Fred Baldwin    1929-2021

 

 

Matt Herron    1931-2020

 

 

Don Hogan Charles (born Daniel James Charles)    1938-2017

 

 

Ernest C. Withers    1922-2007

 

 

Leonard Freed    1929-2006

 

 

Gordon Parks    1912-2006

 

 

James "Spider" Martin    1939-2003

 

 

Grey Villet    1927-2000

 

 

Ed Clark    1911-2000

 

 

Robert W. Kelley    1920-1991

 

 

 

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