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History > 20th century > USA > Civil rights > Martin Luther King Jr. (1929-1968) > MLK’s first imprisonment - October 1960

 

 

 

Martin Luther King Jr. under arrest, Oct. 19, 1960.

 

Photograph:

Associated Press

 

How Martin Luther King Jr.’s Imprisonment Changed American Politics Forever

NYT

Jan. 12, 2021

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/01/12/
books/review/nine-days-martin-luther-king-jr-stephen-kendrick-paul-kendrick.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

October 1960

 

MLK’s first imprisonment

 

 

The story begins

in mid-October 1960

with Martin Luther King Jr.’s

incarceration (his first)

in a Georgia jail cell

and ends three weeks later

with John F. Kennedy’s

narrow victory

over Richard M. Nixon

in the most competitive

presidential election

of the 20th centurY.

 

Kennedy’s razor-thin triumph

depended on several factors

ranging from his youthful charm

to Mayor Richard J. Daley’s ability

to pad the Democratic vote

in Chicago.

 

But, as the Kendricks

ably demonstrate,

one crucial factor

in Kennedy’s electoral success

was the late surge of Black voters

into the Democratic column.

 

In all likelihood, this surge

represented the difference

between victory and defeat

in at least five swing states,

including Illinois,

Michigan and New Jersey,

ensuring Kennedy’s

comfortable margin (303 to 219)

in the Electoral College.

 

This last-minute shift

was precipitated

by two impulsive phone calls:

one from John Kennedy

to Coretta Scott King,

expressing his concern

for her jailed husband’s safety;

the second from

the candidate’s

younger brother Robert

to Oscar Mitchell,

the Georgia judge

overseeing King’s incarceration.

 

Arrested on two minor charges

— participating in a student-led sit-in

at Rich’s department store in Atlanta

and driving with an Alabama license

after changing his residency

to Georgia — King was thought

to be in grave danger

after a manacled, late-night transfer

from an Atlanta jail

to a remote rural facility

in Klan-infested DeKalb County,

and soon thereafter to the state’s

notorious maximum-security prison

in Reidsville.

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/01/12/
books/review/nine-days-martin-luther-king-jr-stephen-kendrick-paul-kendrick.html

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/01/12/
books/review/nine-days-martin-luther-king-jr-stephen-kendrick-paul-kendrick.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > History > USA

 

James Earl Ray    1928-1998

 

 

Martin Luther King Jr.

March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom

"I have a dream"    August 28,1963

 

 

Coretta Scott King    1927-2006

 

 

21st, 20th century > Kennedy dynasty

 

 

20th century > USA > Civil rights

 

 

17th, 18th, 19th, 20th century

English America, America, USA

Racism, Slavery,

Abolition, Civil war,

Abraham Lincoln,

Reconstruction

 

 

17th, 18th, 19th century

English America, America, USA

 

 

British Empire, UK > India > 20th century

 

 

British empire, UK > slavery

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > Vocapedia

 

slavery, eugenics,

race relations, racial divide, racism,

segregation, civil rights

apartheid

 

 

religion / faith,

abuse, sexual abuse, violence, extremism,

secularism, atheism

 

 

Federal Bureau of Investigation (F.B.I.)

 

 

 

 

 

Anglonautes > Arts > Photography > Photographers > 20th century > USA

 

Doy Gorton

 

 

Danny Lyon

 

 

Fred Baldwin    1929-2021

 

 

Matt Herron    1931-2020

 

 

Daniel James Charles    1938-2017

 

 

Ernest C. Withers    1922-2007

 

 

Leonard Freed    1929-2006

 

 

Gordon Parks    1912-2006

 

 

James "Spider" Martin    1939-2003

 

 

Grey Villet    1927-2000

 

 

Ed Clark    1911-2000

 

 

Robert W. Kelley    1920-1991

 

 

 

 

Related

 

New York Times > Disunion: The Civil War

 

Disunion revisits and reconsiders

America’s most perilous period

— using contemporary accounts,

diaries, images

and historical assessments to follow

the Civil War as it unfolded.

https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/
opinion/disunion.html 

 

 

 

 

New York Times > Civil war timeline

 

This timeline tracks the posts

by contributors to the Disunion series.

Contemporary accounts, diaries, images

and historical assessments

follow the Civil War as it unfolded.

https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/
opinion/disunion.html 

 

 

 

 

Slavery and the Making of America > Timeline

https://www.thirteen.org/wnet/slavery/timeline/index.html

 

 

 

 

Library of Congress

The African American Odyssey:

A Quest for Full Citizenship

http://international.loc.gov/ammem/aaohtml/exhibit/aointro.html

 

 

 

 

Martin Luther King, Jr. Research and Education Institute

Major King Events Chronology: 1929-1968

https://kinginstitute.stanford.edu/king-resources/
major-king-events-chronology-1929-1968 

 

 

 

 

The Speeches of Martin Luther King Jr.

Remembering Key Addresses, Sermons by the Civil Rights Leader

https://www.npr.org/news/specials/march40th/speeches.html

 

 

 

 

Speeches of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.

https://www.nps.gov/malu/learn/education/otherresources.htm 

 

 

 

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