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History > 20th century > 1939-1945 > WW2 > Allies and Axis leaders

 

 

 

French Gen. Charles de Gaulle (L)

talking with his son Philippe

at his Free French Forces HQ in exile.

 

Location: London, United Kingdom

Date taken: 1941

 

Photographer: Hans Wild

Life Images

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

La réalisatrice du documentaire

"Ce qu'ils savaient.

Les Alliés face à la Shoah"

explique le silence

de Churchill, Staline,

Roosevelt et de Gaulle.

 

Le remarquable documentaire

de Virginie Linhart

révèle l'indifférence

générale des Alliés

face à la Shoah.

 

Le Point.fr - Publié le 26/10/2012 à 18:40

- Modifié le 27/10/2012 à 10:12

 

 

http://www.lepoint.fr/culture/
virginie-linhart-le-monde-d-avant-guerre-est-un-monde-antisemite-26-10-2012-1521550_3.php - broken link

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

United Kingdom

 

Charles de Gaulle's

BBC rallying call to France / Appel du 22 juin        22 June 1940

 

 

Il n'y a pas eu

d'enregistrement

(audio ou vidéo (sic))

de l'Appel du 18 juin 1940

contrairement

à celui du 22 juin 1940,

avec lequel on le confond souvent

http://www.charles-de-gaulle.org/pages/l-homme/dossiers-thematiques/
1940-1944-la-seconde-guerre-mondiale/l-appel-du-18-juin/documents/l-appel-du-22-juin-1940.php

 

 

http://www.charles-de-gaulle.org/pages/l-homme/dossiers-thematiques/
1940-1944-la-seconde-guerre-mondiale/l-appel-du-18-juin/documents/l-appel-du-22-juin-1940.php

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

United Kingdom        Charles de Gaulle's BBC rallying call to France

 

Appel du 18 juin        18 June 1940

 

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2010/jun/18/charles-de-gaulle-bbc-broadcast

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2010/jun/13/de-gaulle-rallying-cry-almost-silenced

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/10339678

http://www.charles-de-gaulle.org/dossier/18juin/temoignages/appel.htm

http://degaulle.ina.fr/Html/PrincipaleAccueil.php

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/gaulle_charles_de.shtml

http://www.ina.fr/fresques/de-gaulle/Html/PrincipaleAccueil.php

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/politics/591468.stm

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/gaulle_charles_de.shtml

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA        Franklin Delano Roosevelt        1882-1945

 

32nd President of the United States (1933-1945)

 

 

 

 

Pres. Franklin D. Roosevelt.L

 

Location: US

Date taken: September 1941

 

Photographer: Thomas D. Mcavoy

Life Images

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/topic/person/franklin-delano-roosevelt

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/roosevelt_franklin_delano.shtml

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/presidents/32_f_roosevelt/index.html

http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/fdr-churchill/

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/03/09/
books/book-tries-for-balanced-view-on-roosevelt-and-jews.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/03/28/books/review/Brinkley-t.html

http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,855117,00.html

http://www.whitehouse.gov/history/presidents/fr32.html

http://www.time.com/time/time100/leaders/profile/fdr.html

http://www.fdrlibrary.marist.edu/fdrbio.html

http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/today/jan20.html

http://memory.loc.gov/learn/features/timeline/depwwii/depress/letter.html

http://www.mhric.org/fdr/fdr.html

http://www.pbs.org/newshour/character/essays/roosevelt.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2009/09/03/opinion/03smith.html

http://www.guardian.co.uk/greatspeeches/roosevelt/0,,2060101,00.html

http://www.guardian.co.uk/fromthearchive/story/0,12269,1457852,00.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA        General Douglas MacArthur        1880-1964

 

second world war

supreme allied commander

 

 

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/macarthur/

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/macarthur/peopleevents/pandeAMEX96.html

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/macarthur/peopleevents/pandeAMEX98.html

http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/bday/0126.html

 

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/film/2009/oct/29/macarthur-reel-history

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA General Dwight David Eisenhower        1890-1969

 

supreme Allied Commander

in Europe in World War Two

and later 34th

President of the United States

 


 

 

Ike Eisenhower

Lieut. Gen. Dwight Eisenhower (R),

Commander of the European Theater of Operations,

conferring w. his friend & deputy

commander Maj. Gen. Mark Clark,

in his office.

 

Location: US

Date taken: October 1942

 

Photographer: Margaret Bourke-White

Life Images

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/eisenhower_dwight.shtml

https://www.nytimes.com/topic/person/dwight-david-eisenhower 

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2009/11/23/
opinion/23colley.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA        General Douglas MacArthur        1880-1964

 


 

 

Time Covers - The 40S

Time cover: 08-27-1945 of Gen. Douglas MacArthur.

Date taken: August 27, 1945

Life Images

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/bday/0126.html

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/macarthur/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA        General George Smith Patton        1885-1945

 

 

 

Gen. George Patton

Date taken: April 1945

 

Photographer: Margaret Bourke-White

Life Images

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/july/10/newsid_3587000/3587283.stm

http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/treasures/trm090.html

http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/bday/1111.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

United Kingdom        Anthony Eden        1897-1977

 

In 1935

he became foreign secretary

at the extraordinarily

early age of 38,

although he resigned

within three years,

in protest

at Neville Chamberlain's

appeasement policy

towards Germany.

 

While he always had

an awkward relationship

with that other prominent

anti-appeaser,

Winston Churchill,

the latter's elevation

to the premiership in May 1940

restored Eden

to the Foreign Office.

 

In 1940-1945,

and again in 1951-1955,

Eden was not only

Churchill's foreign secretary,

but also his acknowledged

and uncontested successor

as leader

of the Conservative Party.

 

However,

he grew resentful

at Churchill's

refusal to step down

and by the time

he finally succeeded

Churchill in April 1955,

he was already suffering

from poor health.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/eden_anthony.shtml

 

 

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/eden_anthony.shtml

 

http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/december/17/newsid_3547000/3547151.stm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

United Kingdom       Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill        1874-1965

 

 

 

Winston Churchill.

 

Location: London, United Kingdom

Date taken: 1944

 

Photographer: Bob Landry

Life Images

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/uk/winston-churchill

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/politics/591468.stm

https://www.nytimes.com/topic/person/winston-leonard-spencer-churchill 

 

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/oct/26/britain-
execution-nuremberg-nazi-leaders

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/blog/2012/oct/26/
nazi-shooting-nuremberg-international-justice

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2006/jan/01/
secondworldwar.politics

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

United Kingdom        Arthur Harris        1892-1984

 

 

 

Time Covers - The 40S

Time cover: 06-07-1943 of Sir Arthur T. Harris.

 

Date taken: June 07, 1943

 

Life Images

http://images.google.com/hosted/life/l?imgurl=df11bbfec094dc2a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/harris_arthur_bomber.shtml

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

United Kingdom        Neville Chamberlain        1869-1940

 

Prime Minister        May 1937-May 1940

 

 

 

English PM Neville Chamberlain

waving his hat to unseen crowd

at Oberwiesenfeld Airport following a diplomatic meeting

w. German leaders. to avoid conflict,

a policy which would become known as appeasement.

Location: Munich, Germany

Date taken: September 1938

 

Photographer: Hugo Jaeger

Life Images

[ Hugo Jaeger was one of Hitler's personal photographers. ]

http://www.life.com/image/ugc1000272/in-gallery/27022

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/neville-chamberlain 

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/books/2019/apr/14/
appeasing-hitler-chamberlain-churchill-road-to-war-tim-bouverie-review

 

https://www.theguardian.com/books/2019/apr/05/
appeasing-hitler-chamberlain-churchill-road-to-war-tim-bouverie-review

 

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/dec/20/
chamberlain-hitler-appeasement-munich-agreement-archive-1938

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2009/aug/18/
neville-chamberlain-diary-outbreak-exhibition

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2009/sep/06/
second-world-war-declaration-chamberlain

 

http://www.theguardian.com/books/2008/aug/23/
history.secondworldwar

 

http://digital.guardian.co.uk/guardian/2007/05/08/
pages/ber28.shtml

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Soviet Union        Joseph Stalin        Иосиф Сталин        1878-1953

 

 

 

Russia

Huge concrete statue of Stalin

wearing a belted Army greatcoat

standing on the grounds

of the Agricultural Exhibition.

 

Location: Moscow, Russia

Date taken: August 1941

 

Photographer: Margaret Bourke-White

Life Images

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/stalin_joseph.shtml

https://www.nytimes.com/topic/person/joseph-stalin

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/oct/29/
the-remains-of-stalin-gulag-railroad-soviet-union-a-photo-essay

 

https://www.theguardian.com/books/2016/aug/18/
last-days-of-stalin-joshua-rubinstein-review

https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2016/jul/24/
the-day-i-met-joseph-stalin-brush-with-greatness-berlin

 

https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2013/oct/11/
russian-children-books-illustration-stalin

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2011/nov/29/
stalin-my-father

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/nov/29/
stalin-daughter-svetlana-peters-dies

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Axis powers        Japan

 

Emperor Hirohito        昭和天皇        1901-1989

 

124th Emperor of Japan,

reigning from December 25, 1926

until his death in 1989

 

 

 

 

Emperor Hirohito in his coronation clothing.

 

Location: Japan

Date taken: 1926

 

Life Images

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/hirohito_emperor.shtml

http://www.bbc.co.uk/ww2peopleswar/stories/54/a2168354.shtml
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Axis powers        Italy

 

Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini        1883-1945

 

Founder of Fascism

and leader of Italy

from 1922 to 1943

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/mussolini_benito.shtml

 

 

 

 

Nazi Fuhrer Adolf Hitler (L)

walking past honor guard saluting him

beside Italian dictator Benito Mussolini,

during visit to Rome.

 

Location: Rome, Italy

Date taken: May 04, 1938

 

Life Images

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hitler & Mussolini

German politico Adolf Hitler shaking hands

w. Italian dictator Benito Mussolini

during their very first meeting;

6 mos. later

Hitler became Fuehrer of the Third Reich.

 

Location: Venice, Italy

Date taken: June 14, 1934

 

Photographer: Alfred Eisenstaedt

Life Images

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

http://www.theguardian.com/world/benito-mussolini 

http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/april/28/newsid_3564000/3564529.stm

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/mussolini_benito.shtml

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2016/jun/01/
the-dictator-who-failed-to-dictate-free-range-architecture-under-mussolini

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2009/sep/05/italy-abyssinia-second-world-war 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2009/sep/08/italian-fascism-collapse-ww2 

https://www.theguardian.com/century/1930-1939/Story/0,,127069,00.html 

https://www.theguardian.com/century/1930-1939/Story/0,,127000,00.html 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Axis powers        Germany

 

Hermann Göring / Goering        1893-1946

 

Economics Minister,

Luftwaffe commander,

founder of the Gestapo

 

 

 

 

Hitler/Jaeger File

Hermann Goering having a meal in Nuremberg Prison.

 

Location: Nuremberg, Germany

Date taken: October 1946

 

Life Images

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Time Covers - The 40S

Time cover: 04-01-1940 of Hermann Goring.

Photo Credit: Black Star.

 

Date taken: April 1940

 

Life Images

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fieldmarshal Hermann Goering (r)

being greeted by Nazi head of Austria,

Dr. Arthur Seyss-Inquart.

 

Location: Vienna, Austria

Date taken: 1938

 

Life Images
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/wwtwo/nuremberg_article_01.shtml

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/4247069.stm

http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A2654778

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/05/15/nyregion/
ernest-michel-who-survived-auschwitz-and-led-jewish-charities-dies-at-92.html

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2009/sep/11/
nazis-nuremberg-executed-hermann-goring

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Axis powers        Germany        Heinrich Himmler        1900-1945

 

 

 

Time Covers - The 40S

TIME cover: 02-12-1945 ill. of Germany's

Nazi SS Gestapo leader Heinrich Himmler.

Date taken: February 12, 1945

 

Photographer: Ernest Hamlin Baker

Life Images

http://images.google.com/hosted/life/l?imgurl=e57be60f46edaccc

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

By June 1941,

when Germany invaded

the Soviet Union,

Himmler controlled

not only the police

but the political administration

of the occupied territories

and, through his control of the SS,

the concentration camp system.

 

In 1943,

Hitler appointed Himmler

minister for the interior.

 

In this post

he oversaw

the 'Final Solution'

- the attempt to exterminate

all the Jewish people in Europe -

and administered

the system of forced labour.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/himmler_heinrich.shtml

 

 

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/himmler_heinrich.shtml

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/genocide/radicalisation_01.shtml

http://www.bbc.co.uk/coventry/features/local-history/training-assassins-for-a-nazi-attack.shtml

http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10007396

http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10007400

http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10007405

 

 

http://www.npr.org/blogs/thetwo-way/2014/01/26/
266698688/heinrich-himmlers-private-letters-published-in-german-newspaper

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Axis Powers        Germany        Reinhard Tristan Eugen Heydrich        1904-1942

 

 

 

Life Images

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Inventory: Bild 146 - Sammlung von Repro-Negativen

Signature: Bild 146-1969-054-16

Old signature: Bild 146-1968-101-14A

Archive title: Porträt Reinhard Heydrich

in der Uniform eines SS-Gruppenführers ca. 1940/1941

Dating: 1940/1941 ca.

Photographer: Hoffmann, Heinrich

Origin: Bundesarchiv

http://www.bild.bundesarchiv.de/archives/barchpic/search/_1269604570/?search[view]=detail&search[focus]=1

Photo pasted from Wikipedia

http://www.bild.bundesarchiv.de/archives/barchpic/search/_1269604570/?search[view]=detail&search[focus]=1

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a5/Bundesarchiv_Bild_146-1969-054-16%2C_Reinhard_Heydrich.jpg

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Bundesarchiv_Bild_146-1969-054-16,_Reinhard_Heydrich.jpg

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reinhard_Heydrich

Primary source > Bundesarchiv

http://www.bild.bundesarchiv.de/archives/barchpic/search/_1269604570/?search[view]=detail&search[focus]=1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Heydrich

was Hitler's right-hand man

and was tipped to one day

succeed the leader himself.

 

He was ruler

of the occupied Czech Republic

and by 1942 he had killed hundreds

and was ferociously stamping out

resistance.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/coventry/features/local-history/training-assassins-for-a-nazi-attack.shtml

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/genocide/radicalisation_01.shtml

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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