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History > 19th, 20th century > UK, British empire > Winston Churchill    1874-1965

 

 

 

Churchill speaking

at the Albert Hall in London, 1944,

at an American Thanksgiving Celebration

 

The Churchill Centre

http://www.winstonchurchill.org/images/Churchill%20and%20Lincoln%20photo-landscape.jpg

http://www.winstonchurchill.org/i4a/pages/index.cfm?pageid=1050

http://www.winstonchurchill.org/i4a/pages/index.cfm?pageid=2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Winston Churchill        1874-1965

 

Prime Minister        1940-1945 and 1951-1955

 

 

 

(L-R) Richard Nixon and WInston Churchill.

 

Location: Washington, DC, US

Date taken: 1954

 

Photographer: George Skadding

Life Images

http://images.google.com/hosted/life/78bdd7d02c530999.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Winston Churchill sitting for Graham Sutherland, 1954

 

Graham Sutherland was one such friend.

 

Juda documented the painting

Sutherland made of Churchill,

which was later destroyed

 

Britain's first supermodels – in pictures

Elsbeth Juda fled the Nazis

and began a new life in London

– as a fashion photographer.

She went on to shoot everyone

from Barbara Goalen,

the first supermodel,

to Winston Churchill and Peter Blake

G

Wed 28 Mar 2018        07.00 BST

https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/gallery/2018/mar/28/
elsbeth-juda-britain-fashion-photographer-first-supermodels-in-pictures
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Churchill campaigning in 1951

in British general election which he won.

 

Location: United Kingdom

Date taken: November 5, 1951

 

Photographer: Alfred Eisenstaedt

Life Images

http://images.google.com/hosted/life/09a3a97fdd040ebe.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Prime Minister Winston Churchill (L)

listening to his son Randolph speak during an election tour.

 

Location: United Kingdom

Date taken: July 1945

 

Photographer: Ian Smith

Life Images

http://images.google.com/hosted/life/3a552f206abd4591.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A mixed crowd listening to a speaker arguing the case

for a second front in Europe in support of the Russian effort

in Trafalgar Square.

 

Location: London, United Kingdom

Date taken: 1942

 

Photographer: David E. Scherman

Life Images

http://images.google.com/hosted/life/b1b8d86cedf47b4b.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Winston Churchill.

 

Location: United Kingdom

Date taken: 1939

 

Life Images

http://images.google.com/hosted/life/99005620fd10fa2c.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

British statesman and prime minister Winston Churchill (1874-1965)

as a young man.

 

Date taken: 1903

 

Life Images

http://images.google.com/hosted/life/5775cf9af0befe82.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mansell Collection

The former Jennie Jerome, Lady Randolph Churchill,

with her sons John (L) and Winston.

 

Location: United Kingdom

Date taken: 1885

 

Life Images

http://images.google.com/hosted/life/0f6c2acdcc310c3c.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/uk/winston-churchill

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/churchill_winston.shtml

http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/churchill/wc-newhome.html

https://archive.org/details/Winston_Churchill

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/mar/29/
winston-churchill-policies-contributed-to-1943-bengal-famine-study

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/11/13/
books/review/andrew-roberts-churchill-winston-biography.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/02/15/world/europe/
winston-churchill-aliens.html

https://www.theguardian.com/science/2017/feb/15/
winston-churchill-essay-alien-life-discovered-us-college-are-we-alone-in-the-universe

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2016/04/01/
472459579/hitler-couldnt-defeat-churchill-but-champagne-nearly-did

 

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2014/dec/07/
state-schools-tristram-hunt-churchill-education

 

http://www.theguardian.com/uk/2013/may/23/
winston-churchill-jospeh-stalin-night-drinking

http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2013/mar/15/
young-titan-churchill-shelden-review

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/blog/2012/oct/26/
nazi-shooting-nuremberg-international-justice

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/06/09/
arts/design/churchill-the-power-of-words-at-the-morgan-library.html

 

https://www.theguardian.com/books/2011/dec/07/
britains-empire-richard-gott-review

http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2011/apr/02/
churchills-history-mary-lovell-review

http://news.bbc.co.uk/today/hi/today/newsid_8234000/8234106.stm

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/newsvideo/7980357/
Rare-colour-footage-of-Winston-Churchill-and-King.html

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2009/sep/11/churchill-europe-second-world-war

http://www.guardian.co.uk/global/2009/jul/19/display-warrooms-london

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2009/sep/08/atlantic-conference-churchill-roosevelt-alliance

http://www.guardian.co.uk/global/2009/jul/19/display-warrooms-london

http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2009/jun/14/churchill-bunker-richard-holmes-review

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/theguardian/2007/apr/20/greatspeeches3

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/theguardian/2002/nov/28/features11.g21

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Britain's relationship with America        10 October 1951

 

https://www.theguardian.com/politics/1951/oct/10/
uk.past

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1943

 

India

 

The 1943 famine in Bengal (...)

killed up to 3 million people

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/mar/29/
winston-churchill-policies-contributed-to-1943-bengal-famine-study

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/mar/29/
winston-churchill-policies-contributed-to-1943-bengal-famine-study

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

24 August 1941

 

Pact with America:

Churchill's speech

after the Atlantic conference

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2009/sep/08/
atlantic-conference-churchill-roosevelt-alliance

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2009/sep/08/
atlantic-conference-churchill-roosevelt-alliance

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

August 20, 1940

 

Battle of Britain

 

Winston Churchill's speech

 

 

Never in the field of human conflict

was so much owed by so many to so few

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/12/18/world/europe/
henry-lafont-french-pilot-in-battle-of-britain-dies-at-91.html

 

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/newstopics/world-war-2/battle-of-britain/7851021/
Battle-of-Britain-survivors-It-was-shoot-or-be-shot.html

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/newsvideo/7882425/Battle-of-Britain-veterans-stories.html

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/newstopics/world-war-2/battle-of-britain/7881879/
Battle-of-Britain-our-finest-hour.html

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/wwtwo/battle_of_britain_01.shtml

http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/static/in_depth/uk/2000/battle_of_britain/default.stm

http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/september/15/newsid_3521000/3521611.stm

http://www.bbc.co.uk/ww2peopleswar/categories/c55221/

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/4257084.stm

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2009/sep/06/battle-of-britain

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/1940/aug/21/secondworldwar.germany

https://www.theguardian.com/century/1940-1949/Story/0,,128255,00.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A Short History

Of The Dardanelles Campaign

 

Imperial War Museums

 

By Nigel Steel,

Principal Historian

 

 

A narrow

60-mile-long strip of water

that divides

Europe from Asia,

the Dardanelles

has been of

great strategic significance

for centuries.

 

Carefully secured

by international treaty,

it was the closing

of the Dardanelles

that eventually brought

the Ottoman Empire

into the war

as a German ally

at the end

of October 1914.

 

By late 1914,

movement

on the Western Front

had ground to a halt.

 

Some Allied leaders

suggested

opening new fronts

to break the deadlock,

shorten the war

and avoid heavier

loss of life.

 

Soon after the start

of the new year,

Great Britain and France

attempted to force

the Dardanelles

and attack

Constantinople

(now Istanbul),

the capital

of the Ottoman Empire.

 

Many in Britain,

notably the First Lord

of the Admiralty,

Winston Churchill,

believed

that knocking

the Ottomans

out of the war

would undermine

Germany.

 

They theorised

that as a result

of this attack,

Britain and France

would be able to help

their weakest partner,

Russia;

that the Suez Canal

and Britain’s

Middle Eastern

oil interests

would be secured;

and that undecided

Balkan states,

including

Bulgaria and Greece,

would join

the Allied side.

 

It was an exciting

and alluring proposition.

 

But it was based

on the mistaken belief

that the Ottomans

were weak

and could easily

be overcome.

 

On 19 February 1915,

British and French ships

began a naval assault

on the Dardanelles.

 

The fighting

culminated

in a heavy setback

for the Allies

on 18 March

due to large losses

from Turkish mines.

 

Military landings

on the Gallipoli peninsula

followed on 25 April.

 

Contained

by the Ottoman defenders,

a new assault began

on 6 August.

 

Each fresh attempt

was defeated,

and by mid-January 1916,

all Allied troops

had been evacuated

and the attack

on the Dardanelles

abandoned.

 

For the Ottomans,

it was a major

achievement.

 

The Allies succeeded

only in attrition,

killing thousands

of Ottoman soldiers.

 

Even this exacted

a high price;

total casualties

for the campaign

were more

than half a million.

 

The Dardanelles campaign

remains one

of the First World War’s

most controversial episodes.

https://www.iwm.org.uk/history/
a-short-history-of-the-dardanelles-campaign

added 27 April 2015

 

 

https://www.iwm.org.uk/history/
a-short-history-of-the-dardanelles-campaign

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1898

 

Sudan

 

Omdurman battle

 

 

In 1898,

(...)

a whole panoply

of British officers

(including

Winston Churchill)

who would later

fight in Europe

were on hand

for a battle

at Omdurman,

in Sudan.

 

The 50,000 Sudanese

they faced

were armed only

with spears, swords

and antiquated rifles.

 

In a few hours,

the six Maxim

machine guns

of the far smaller

Anglo-Egyptian force

fired

half a million bullets,

leaving nearly

11,000 Sudanese dead

and some 16,000 wounded,

many fatally.

 

The battle determine

the outcome of a war

in less than a day.

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/07/29/
opinion/adam-hochschild-why-world-war-i-was-such-a-blood-bath.html

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/07/29/
opinion/adam-hochschild-why-world-war-i-was-such-a-blood-bath.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > History > 17th - early 21st century

 

United Kingdom, British Empire, England

 

 

British Empire > India > 20th century

 

 

Northern Ireland > 20th century > The Troubles

 

 

 

 

 

Related

 

British Pathé

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/series/british-path

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/video/2010/oct/02/british-pathe-archive

 

 

 

 

Germany: National Socialism and World War II

http://eudocs.lib.byu.edu/index.php/Germany:_National_Socialism_and_World_War_II

http://eudocs.lib.byu.edu/index.php/History_of_Germany:_Primary_Documents

 

 

 

 

A lost heritage: Nazi pictures reveal full devastation wreaked by allied bombers

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2008/jul/10/secondworldwar.germany

http://www.fotomarburg.de/

 

 

 

 

United Kingdom > Second World War > Images > Posters

http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/imagelibrary/ww2/default.htm

 

 

 

 

Second World War posters

Seventy years after the radio announcement
that informed the nation that Britain was at war,
Imperial War Museum London is mounting Outbreak 1939,
a new special exhibition, which will explore
the build-up to and preparations for war, from August 20.
Terry Charman, senior Imperial War Museum Historian,
describes some of the iconic posters from 1939.

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/newstopics/britainatwar/5983711/Second-World-War-posters.html

 

 

 

 

enemy propaganda

National Archives publish wartime propaganda in online gallery        13 June 2012

Hundreds of images of war art including posters
and a portrait of the future queen are released online

http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:War_art_in_The_National_Archives_%28United_Kingdom%29

http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2012/jun/13/national-archives-wartime-propaganda-gallery

 

 

 

 

Ministry of Food Posters

A new exhibition at London's Imperial War Museum (Feb 12 to Jan 3 2011)
pays tribute to a nation's creativity and resourcefulness
in the face of wartime – and peacetime – food rationing.
Here is some of the eye-catching British Government propaganda
used on the 'Kitchen Front' during that time.

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/travel/picturegalleries/7165696/Vintage-Ministry-of-Food-posters.html

 

 

 

 

The following posters were all used during the Second World War
to encourage austerity and stoicism on Britain's home front.
They form part of an exhibition at the Museum of Brands in London
entitled Make Do and Mend
(www.museumofbrands.com ;
020 79080880;
2 Colville Mews, Lonsdale Road, Notting Hill, London W11 2AR).
The exhibition runs until November 29, 2010.

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/travel/festivalsandevents/6615752/Waste-Not-Want-Not-wartime-posters.html
 

 

 

 

Britain at War: Readers' Memories

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/newstopics/britainatwar/britainatwarreadersmemories/

 

 

 

 

The Guardian > Second World War

Second world war > Holocaust
http://www.guardian.co.uk/theguardian/2009/sep/09/second-world-war

Second world war > Stalingrad
http://www.guardian.co.uk/theguardian/2009/sep/08/second-world-war

Second World War > Liberation
http://www.guardian.co.uk/theguardian/2009/sep/10/second-world-war

Second World War > Aftermath
http://www.guardian.co.uk/theguardian/2009/sep/11/second-world-war

 

 

 

 

BBC Archive

http://www.bbc.co.uk/archive/index.shtml

http://www.bbc.co.uk/archive/ww2outbreak/7970.shtml